Harold P. Adams, MD

Portrait
Specialty: Stroke
Professor of Neurology

Contact Information

Primary Office
2148 RCP
Iowa City, IA 52242
319-356-8755

Education

BA, Drake University
BS, University of South Dakota
MD, Northwestern University
Internship, Internal Medicine, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics
Resident, Neurology, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics

Licensure and Certifications

Certification in Vascular Neurology - American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology
Certification in Neurology - American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology

Publications

Hanley, D. F., Lane, K., McBee, N., Ziai, W., Tuhrim, S., Lees, K. R., Dawson, J., Gandhi, D., Ullman, N., Mould, W. A., Mayo, S. W., Mendelow, A. D., Gregson, B., Butcher, K., Vespa, P., Wright, D. W., Kase, C. S., Carhuapoma, J. R., Keyl, P. M., Diener-West, M., Muschelli, J., Betz, J. F., Thompson, C. B., Sugar, E. A., Yenokyan, G., Janis, S., John, S., Harnof, S., Lopez, G. A., Aldrich, E. F., Harrigan, M. R., Ansari, S., Jallo, J., Caron, J. L., LeDoux, D., Adeoye, O., Zuccarello, M., Adams, Jr, H. P., Rosenblum, M., Thompson, R. E. & Awad, I. A. (2017). Thrombolytic removal of intraventricular haemorrhage in treatment of severe stroke: results of the randomised, multicentre, multiregion, placebo-controlled CLEAR III trial. The Lancet, 389(10069), 603–611. DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(16)32410-2.

Cramer, S. C., Wolf, S. L., Adams, H. P., Chen, D., Dromerick, A. W., Dunning, K., Ellerbe, C., Grande, A., Janis, S., Lansberg, M. G., Lazar, R. M., Palesch, Y. Y., Richards, L., Roth, E., Savitz, S. I., Wechsler, L. R., Wintermark, M. & Broderick, J. P. (2017). Stroke Recovery and Rehabilitation Research: Issues, Opportunities, and the National Institutes of Health StrokeNet. Stroke, 48(3), 813–819. DOI: 10.1161/STROKEAHA.116.015501.

Kernan, W. N., Viscoli, C. M., Furie, K. L., Young, L. H., Inzucchi, S. E., Gorman, M., Guarino, P. D., Lovejoy, A. M., Peduzzi, P. N., Conwit, R., Brass, L. M., Schwartz, G. G., Adams, Jr, H. P., Berger, L., Carolei, A., Clark, W., Coull, B., Ford, G. A., Kleindorfer, D., O'Leary, J. R., Parsons, M. W., Ringleb, P., Sen, S., Spence, J. D., Tanne, D., Wang, D. & Winder, T. R. (2016). Pioglitazone after Ischemic Stroke or Transient Ischemic Attack. The New England journal of medicine, 374(14), 1321-31. PMID: 26886418.

Brott, T., Adams, H. P., Olinger, C. P., Marler, J. R., Barsan, W. G., Biller, J., Spilker, J., Holleran, R., Eberle, R., Hertzberg, V., Rorick, M., Moomaw, C. J. & Walker, M. (2016). National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale.

Gonzalez-Perez, P., Correia, M., Capizzano, A. A. & Adams, H. P. (2016). Isolated cortical vein thrombosis in autoimmune polyglandular syndrome type 2. Neurology, 86(13), 1262–1263. PMID: 26935889.

Johnston, M. V., Adams, H. P. & Fatemi, A. (2016). Neurobiology of disease. (2nd) New York: Oxford University Press.

Adams, H. P., Davis, P. H. (2016). Antithrombotic Therapy for Treatment of Acute Ischemic Stroke. In Stroke: Pathophysiology, Diagnosis, and Managment. (6th), pp. 849-867.e5. Elsevier BV. DOI: 10.1016/b978-0-323-29544-4.00052-9.

Adams, H. P. (2016). Clinical Scales to Assess Patients with Stroke. In Stroke. pp. 308-325.e6. Elsevier BV. DOI: 10.1016/b978-0-323-29544-4.00021-9.

Adams, H. P. (2016). General Concepts: Management of Acute Ischemic Stroke. In B. Ovbiagle , T. Turan (Eds.) Ischemic Stroke Therapeutics. pp. 1–5. Springer International Publishing. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-17750-2_1.

Adams, Jr, H. P., Chollet, F. & Thijs, V. (2015). Measuring Autonomy and Functional Recovery after Stroke: Implications for Clinical Trials Testing Medications during Rehabilitation. (Vols. 24). (11), pp. 2429-33. Journal of stroke and cerebrovascular diseases : the official journal of National Stroke Association. PMID: 26387041.

Leira, E. C., Zaheer, A., Schnell, T., Torner, J. C., Olalde, H. M., Pieper, A. A., Ortega-Gutierrez, S., Nagaraja, N., Marks, N. L. & Adams, Jr, H. P. (2015). Effect of helicopter transport on neurological outcomes in a mouse model of embolic stroke with reperfusion: AIR-MICE pilot study. International journal of stroke : official journal of the International Stroke Society, 10 Suppl A100, 119-24. PMID: 26376603.

Adams, Jr, H. P. (2015). IV thrombolysis for treatment of patients with stroke upon awakening: Yes? No?. Neurol Clin Pract, 5(4), 296-301. PMID: 26336630.

Adams, H. P., Biller, J. (2015). Classification of subtypes of ischemic stroke: history of the trial of org 10172 in acute stroke treatment classification. Stroke, 46(5), e114-7. PMID: 25813192.

Nagaraja, N., Adams, Jr, H. P. & Merino, J. G. (2015). Validation of the association between neurologic improvement with decline in blood pressure and recanalization in stroke--in reply. (Vols. 72). (4), pp. 477-8. JAMA neurology. PMID: 25867726.

Adams, Jr., H. P. (2015). Hemorrhagic cerebrovascular disease. In J. Biller (Eds.) Practical neurology. (Fourth edition), pp. 400-411. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Adams, Jr, H. P., Biller, J. (2014). Future of subspecialty training in vascular neurology. Stroke, 45(12), 3730-3. PMID: 25325913.

Nagaraja, N., Warach, S., Hsia, A. W., Adams, Jr, H. P., Auh, S., Latour, L. L. & Merino, J. G. (2014). Association between neurologic improvement with decline in blood pressure and recanalization in stroke. JAMA neurology, 71(12), 1555-8. PMID: 25330362.

Nagaraja, N., Adams, Jr, H. P. (2014). Alteplase in acute ischemic stroke: putting the guidelines into practice. CNS drugs, 28(11), 1035-45. PMID: 25326784.

Chollet, F., Cramer, S. C., Stinear, C., Kappelle, L. J., Baron, J. C., Weiller, C., Azouvi, P., Hommel, M., Sabatini, U., Moulin, T., Tardy, J., Valenti, M., Montgomery, S. & Adams, Jr, H. (2014). Pharmacological therapies in post stroke recovery: recommendations for future clinical trials. Journal of neurology, 261(8), 1461-8. PMID: 24221642.

Adams, H. P. (2014). Use of Antidepressants as Adjunctive Therapy to Improve Recovery after Ischemic Stroke. In G. Micieli , D. Amatea (Eds.) Rational Basis for Clinical Translation in Stroke Therapy. pp. 493–504. CRC Press.

Reynolds, M. R., Kamath, A. A., Grubb, R. L., Powers, W. J., Adams, H. P. & Derdeyn, C. P. (2014). The safety of aeroplane travel in patients with symptomatic carotid occlusion. Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry, 85(4), 435-7. PMID: 24249780.

Powers, W. J., Clarke, W. R., Grubb, Jr, R. L., Videen, T. O., Adams, Jr, H. P. & Derdeyn, C. P. (2014). Lower stroke risk with lower blood pressure in hemodynamic cerebral ischemia. Neurology, 82(12), 1027-32. PMID: 24532276.

Adams, H. P. (2014). Cerebral vasculitis. pp. 475–494. Handbook of clinical neurology. PMID: 24365314.

Adams, Jr., H. P. (2014). Anticoagulant therapy. In R. B. Daroff , M. J. Aminoff (Eds.) Encyclopedia of the Neurological Sciences. (2nd edition) Burlington, VT: Elsevier Science.

Reynolds, M. R., Grubb, Jr, R. L., Clarke, W. R., Powers, W. J., Zipfel, G. J., Adams, Jr, H. P. & Derdeyn, C. P. (2013). Investigating the mechanisms of perioperative ischemic stroke in the Carotid Occlusion Surgery Study. Journal of neurosurgery, 119(4), 988-95. PMID: 23909253.

Adams, H. P., Froehler, M. T. (2013). Emergency management of acute ischemic stroke: the evolving roles of intravenous and endovascular therapies. (Vols. 70). (7), pp. 828-30. JAMA neurology. PMID: 23699818.

Adams, Jr, H. P., Nudo, R. J. (2013). Management of patients with stroke: is it time to expand treatment options?. Annals of neurology, 74(1), 4-10. PMID: 23720339.

Whiteley, W. N., Adams, Jr, H. P., Bath, P. M., Berge, E., Sandset, P. M., Dennis, M., Murray, G. D., Wong, K. S. & Sandercock, P. A. (2013). Targeted use of heparin, heparinoids, or low-molecular-weight heparin to improve outcome after acute ischaemic stroke: an individual patient data meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. The Lancet. Neurology, 12(6), 539-45. PMID: 23642343.

Adams, Jr, H. P. (2013). Treatment of patients with suspected ischemic stroke of undetermined onset and negative head computed tomography scan: caution is advised. Stroke, 44(5), 1494-5. PMID: 23579590.

Jauch, E. C., Saver, J. L., Adams, H. P., Bruno, A., Connors, J. J., Demaerschalk, B. M., Khatri, P., McMullan, P. W., Qureshi, A. I., Rosenfield, K., Scott, P. A., Summers, D. R., Wang, D. Z., Wintermark, M. & Yonas, H. (2013). Guidelines for the early management of patients with acute ischemic stroke: a guideline for healthcare professionals from the american heart association/american stroke association. Stroke; a journal of cerebral circulation, 44(3), 870-947. PMID: 23370205.

Leira, E. C., Kaskie, B., Froehler, M. T. & Adams, H. P. (2013). The Growing Shortage of Vascular Neurologists in The Era of Health Reform. Stroke, 44(3), 822–827. PMID: 23386675.

Georgiadis, A. L., Cordina, S. M., Vazquez, G., Tariq, N., Suri, M. F., Lakshminarayan, K., Adams, H. P. & Qureshi, A. I. (2013). Aspirin treatment failure and the risk of recurrent stroke and death among patients with ischemic stroke. Journal of stroke and cerebrovascular diseases : the official journal of National Stroke Association, 22(2), 100-6. PMID: 21835634.

Grubb, R. L., Powers, W. J., Clarke, W. R., Videen, T. O., Adams, H. P. & Derdeyn, C. P. (2013). Surgical results of the Carotid Occlusion Surgery Study. Journal of neurosurgery, 118(1), 25-33. PMID: 23101451.

Leira, E. C., Coffey, C. S., Jorge, R. E., Morton, S. M., Froehler, M. T., Davis, P. H. & Adams, Jr, H. P. (2013). The NIHSS supplementary motor scale: a valid tool for multidisciplinary recovery trials. Cerebrovascular diseases (Basel, Switzerland), 36(1), 69-73. PMID: 23921195.

Baron, J. C., Macrae, I. M., Adams, Jr, H. P. & Dirnagl, U. (2013). ESC-BRAIN: experimental and clinical stroke research--do they connect?. Meeting report of the ESC-BRAIN joint symposium held in London and Shanghai in May 2013. (Vols. 36). (4), pp. 306-21. Cerebrovascular diseases (Basel, Switzerland). PMID: 24192895.

Nagaraja, N., Adams, Jr., H. P. (2013). Stroke: prevention and treatment. In K. Chatterjee (Eds.) Cardiology : an illustrated textbook. pp. 1908-1926. London: Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishing.

Adams, H. P., Robinson, R. G. (2012). Improving recovery after stroke: a role for antidepressant medications?. Stroke; a journal of cerebral circulation, 43(10), 2829-32. PMID: 22858725.

Qureshi, A. I., Miley, J. T., Chaudhry, S. A., Semaan, E., Rodriguez, G. J., Suri, M. F. & Adams, H. P. (2012). Safety and Effectiveness of Endovascular Treatment after 6 Hours of Symptom Onset in Patients with Anterior Circulation Ischemic Stroke: A Matched Case Control Study. Journal of stroke and cerebrovascular diseases : the official journal of National Stroke Association. PMID: 23099041.

Adams, H. P., Robinson, R. G. (2012). Improving Recovery After Stroke. Stroke, 43(10), 2829–2832. PMID: 22858725.

Powers, W. J., Clarke, W. R., Adams, H. P., Derdeyn, C. P. & Grubb, R. L. (2012). Commentary: Extracranial-intracranial bypass for stroke in 2012: response to the critique of the carotid occlusion surgery study "It was déjà vu all over again". Neurosurgery, 71(3), E772-6. PMID: 22899445.

Leira, E. C., Kaldjian, L. C., Ludwig, B. R., Torner, J. C., Olalde, H. M., Hacke, W. & Adams, H. P. (2012). Lack of international consensus on ethical aspects of acute stroke trials. Journal of stroke and cerebrovascular diseases : the official journal of National Stroke Association, 21(3), 200-4. PMID: 20719537.

Furlan, A. J., Reisman, M., Massaro, J., Mauri, L., Adams, H., Albers, G. W., Felberg, R., Herrmann, H., Kar, S., Landzberg, M., Raizner, A. & Wechsler, L. (2012). Closure or Medical Therapy for Cryptogenic Stroke with Patent Foramen Ovale. New England Journal of Medicine, 366(11), 991-999. DOI: 10.1056/nejmoa1009639.

Leira, E. C., Ludwig, B. R., Gurol, M. E., Torner, J. C. & Adams, H. P. (2012). The types of neurological deficits might not justify withholding treatment in patients with low total National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale scores. Stroke; a journal of cerebral circulation, 43(3), 782-6. PMID: 22308246.

Day, J. S., Adams, H. P. (2012). Delayed catastrophic intracerebral hemorrhage preceded by progressive recovery after carotid stenting for acute ischemic stroke. Journal of stroke and cerebrovascular diseases : the official journal of National Stroke Association, 21(2), 151-4. PMID: 20947378.

Marshall, R. S., Festa, J. R., Cheung, Y. K., Chen, R., Pavol, M. A., Derdeyn, C. P., Clarke, W. R., Videen, T. O., Grubb, R. L., Adams, H. P., Powers, W. J. & Lazar, R. M. (2012). Cerebral hemodynamics and cognitive impairment: baseline data from the RECON trial. Neurology, 78(4), 250-5. PMID: 22238418.

Adams, Jr., H. P. (2012). Vascular neurology. In The American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology: Looking back and moving ahead. pp. 85–92. Arlington, VA, US: American Psychiatric Publishing, Inc..

Adams, Jr., H. P. (2012). Hemorrhagic cerebrovascular disease. In J. Biller (Eds.) Practical neurology. (4th edition), pp. 400-411. Philadelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer/Lippincott Williams Wilkins.

Mikami, K., Jorge, R. E., Adams, H. P., Davis, P. H., Leira, E. C., Jang, M. & Robinson, R. G. (2011). Effect of antidepressants on the course of disability following stroke. The American journal of geriatric psychiatry : official journal of the American Association for Geriatric Psychiatry, 19(12), 1007-15. PMID: 21358384.

Powers, W. J., Clarke, W. R., Grubb, R. L., Videen, T. O., Adams, H. P. & Derdeyn, C. P. (2011). Extracranial-intracranial bypass surgery for stroke prevention in hemodynamic cerebral ischemia: the Carotid Occlusion Surgery Study randomized trial. JAMA : the journal of the American Medical Association, 306(18), 1983-92. PMID: 22068990.

Adams, H. P. (2011). Failure of vitamin supplementation to lower the risk of recurrent stroke. Current neurology and neuroscience reports, 11(1), 1-5. PMID: 20963642.

Day, J. S., Policeni, B. A., Smoker, W. R., Dobre, M. C., Zhang, Y., Leira, E. C., Davis, P. H., Chen, S., Olalde, H. & Adams, H. P. (2011). Previous statin use is not associated with an increased prevalence or degree of gradient-echo lesions in patients with acute ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack. Stroke; a journal of cerebral circulation, 42(2), 354-8. PMID: 21164134.

Robinson, R. G., Adams, H. P. (2011). Selective serotonin-reuptake inhibitors and recovery after stroke. Lancet neurology, 10(2), 110-1. PMID: 21216671.

Adams, H. P. (2011). Clark Millikan, MD (1915-2011). Journal of stroke and cerebrovascular diseases : the official journal of National Stroke Association, 20(3), 273-4. PMID: 21682000.

Adams, H. P., Davis, P. H. (2011). Antithrombotic Therapy for Treatment of Acute Ischemic Stroke. In Stroke: Pathophysiology, Diagnosis, and Managment. (5th), pp. 971-991. Elsevier BV. DOI: 10.1016/b978-1-4160-5478-8.10050-8.

Adams, H. P. (2011). Clinical Scales to Assess Patients with Stroke. In Stroke: Pathophysiology, Diagnosis, and Managment. pp. 307-333. Elsevier BV. DOI: 10.1016/b978-1-4160-5478-8.10021-1.

Adams, H. P. (2010). Management of carotid artery stenosis: endarterectomy or stenting?. Mayo Clinic proceedings. Mayo Clinic, 85(12), 1071-2. PMID: 21123632.

Furlan, A. J., Reisman, M., Massaro, J., Mauri, L., Adams, H., Albers, G. W., Felberg, R., Herrmann, H., Kar, S., Landzberg, M., Raizner, A. & Wechsler, L. (2010). Study design of the CLOSURE I Trial: a prospective, multicenter, randomized, controlled trial to evaluate the safety and efficacy of the STARFlex septal closure system versus best medical therapy in patients with stroke or transient ischemic attack due to presumed paradoxical embolism through a patent foramen ovale. Stroke, 41(12), 2872-83. PMID: 21051670.

Adams, H. P. (2010). Management of acute stroke: impact of registration studies. Acta neurologica Taiwanica, 19(3), 153-63. PMID: 21046514.

Adams, H. P. (2010). Response to Letter by Albright et al. (Vols. 41). (6), pp. e451–e451. Stroke. DOI: 10.1161/STROKEAHA.110.580407.

Rakel, B., Cooper, N., Adams, H. J., Messer, B. R., Frey Law, L. A., Dannen, D. R., Miller, C. A., Polehna, A. C., Ruggle, R. C., Vance, C. G., Walsh, D. M. & Sluka, K. A. (2010). A new transient sham TENS device allows for investigator blinding while delivering a true placebo treatment. The journal of pain : official journal of the American Pain Society, 11(3), 230-8. PMID: 19945354.

Jorge, R. E., Acion, L., Moser, D., Adams, H. P. & Robinson, R. G. (2010). Escitalopram and enhancement of cognitive recovery following stroke. Archives of general psychiatry, 67(2), 187-96. PMID: 20124118.

Adams, H. P. (2010). Ischemic cerebrovascular complications of cardiac procedures. Circulation, 121(7), 846-7. PMID: 20142451.

Adams, H. P. (2010). Ticagrelor, a new antiplatelet agent, for prevention of ischemic events in patients with coronary artery disease. Current neurology and neuroscience reports, 10(1), 4-6. PMID: 20425218.

Adams, H. P. (2010). EARLY antiplatelet treatment after ischaemic stroke. Lancet Neurology, 9(2), 131-133. PMID: 20060782.

Kresowik, T. F., Adams,, H. P. (2010). Cerebrovascular Disease: Decision making and Medical Treatment. In Rutherford's Vascular Surgery. (7), pp. 1424-1442. Elsevier BV. DOI: 10.1016/b978-1-4160-5223-4.00094-9.

Callison, R. C., Adams, Jr., H. P. (2010). Neurologic diseases and disorders. In J. Pacala (Eds.) Geriatrics Review Syllabus A core curriculum in geriatric medicine. (7th edition) New York: American Geriatrics Society.

Zoppo, G. J., Saver, J. L., Jauch, E. C. & Adams, H. P. (2009). Response to Letters by Asimos and by Alper and Brown. (Vols. 40). (11), pp. e634–e635. Stroke. DOI: 10.1161/STROKEAHA.109.560086.

Del Zoppo, G. J., Saver, J. L., Jauch, E. C. & Adams, H. P. (2009). Expansion of the time window for treatment of acute ischemic stroke with intravenous tissue plasminogen activator: a science advisory from the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association. Stroke; a journal of cerebral circulation, 40(8), 2945-8. PMID: 19478221.

Zoppo, G. J., Saver, J. L., Jauch, E. C. & Adams, H. P. (2009). Expansion of the Time Window for Treatment of Acute Ischemic Stroke With Intravenous Tissue Plasminogen Activator. Stroke, 40(8), 2945–2948. PMID: 19478221.

Adams, Jr, H. P. (2009). Committees for Multicenter Clinical Trials. In Clinical Trials in the Neurosciences. pp. 124–126. Karger. PMID: 19478509.

Adams, H. P. (2009). Medical Monitoring. In Clinical Trials in the Neurosciences. pp. 131–132. Karger. PMID: 19478511.

Leira, E. C., Ahmed, A., Lamb, D. L., Olalde, H. M., Callison, R. C., Torner, J. C. & Adams, H. P. (2009). Extending Acute Trials to Remote Populations. Stroke, 40(3), 895–901. PMID: 19131655.

Adams, H. P., Lyden, P. (2009). Assessment of a patient with stroke neurological examination and clinical rating scales. Handbook of clinical neurology / edited by P.J. Vinken and G.W. Bruyn, 94, 971-1009. PMID: 18793885.

Adams, H. P. (2009). Committees for multicenter clinical trials. Frontiers of neurology and neuroscience, 25, 124-6. PMID: 19478509.

Adams, H. P. (2009). Extending the time frame for emergency intravenous thrombolytic therapy for treatment of acute ischemic stroke. Current neurology and neuroscience reports, 9(1), 3-5. PMID: 19080746.

Adams, H. P. (2009). Medical monitoring. Frontiers of neurology and neuroscience, 25, 131-2. PMID: 19478511.

Adams, H. P. (2009). Secondary prevention of atherothrombotic events after ischemic stroke. Mayo Clinic proceedings. Mayo Clinic, 84(1), 43-51. PMID: 19121254.

Gurol, M. E., Adams, H. P. (2009). Subarachnoid Hemorrhage: Long-Term Complications and Prevention. In Stroke Essentials for Primary Care. pp. 107–120. Humana Press.

Gurol, M. E., Adams, H. P. (2009). Subarachnoid Hemorrhage: Diagnosis and Acute Management. In Stroke Essentials for Primary Care. pp. 81–105. Humana Press.

Adams, H. P. (2009). Treatment of Patients with Acute Ischemic Stroke. In A Primer on Stroke Prevention Treatment. pp. 35–52. Wiley-Blackwell.

Adams, Jr., H. P. (2009). Hemorrhagic cerebrovascular disease. In J. Biller (Eds.) Practical neurology. (3rd edition), pp. 477-490. Philadelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Adams, H. P., Leira, E. C., Torner, J. C., Barnathan, E., Padgett, L., Effron, M. B. & Hacke, W. (2008). Treating patients with 'wake-up' stroke: the experience of the AbESTT-II trial. Stroke; a journal of cerebral circulation, 39(12), 3277-82. PMID: 18772451.

Adams, H. P., Leira, E. C., Torner, J. C., Barnathan, E., Padgett, L., Effron, M. B. & Hacke, W. (2008). Treating Patients With ‘Wake-Up’ Stroke. Stroke, 39(12), 3277–3282. PMID: 18772451.

Callison, R. C., Adams, H. P. (2008). Use of antiplatelet agents for prevention of ischemic stroke. Neurologic clinics, 26(4), 1047-77, ix. PMID: 19026902.

Leira, E. C., Hess, D. C., Torner, J. C. & Adams, H. P. (2008). Rural-urban differences in acute stroke management practices: a modifiable disparity. Archives of neurology, 65(7), 887-91. PMID: 18625855.

Leira, E. C., Granner, M. A., Torner, J. C., Callison, R. C. & Adams, H. P. (2008). Education Research: The challenge of incorporating formal research methodology training in a neurology residency. Neurology, 70(20), e79-84. PMID: 18474837.

Adams, Jr., H. P. (2008). Do Statins Prevent Ischemic Stroke? [reviewing O’Regan C et al. Am J Med 2008 Jan.].

Adams, H. P. (2008). Expert analysis: woman with recent stroke and a patent foramen ovale.

Adams, H. P. (2008). Response to Letter by Sacchetti et al. (Vols. 39). (2), pp. e23–e23. Stroke. DOI: 10.1161/STROKEAHA.107.504407.

Leira, E. C., Adams, H. P., Rosenthal, G. E. & Torner, J. C. (2008). Baseline NIH stroke scale responses estimate the probability of each particular stroke subtype. Cerebrovascular diseases (Basel, Switzerland), 26(6), 573-7. PMID: 18946211.

Adams, H. P., Effron, M. B., Torner, J., Dávalos, A., Frayne, J., Teal, P., Leclerc, J., Oemar, B., Padgett, L., Barnathan, E. S. & Hacke, W. (2008). Emergency administration of abciximab for treatment of patients with acute ischemic stroke: results of an international phase III trial: Abciximab in Emergency Treatment of Stroke Trial (AbESTT-II). Stroke; a journal of cerebral circulation, 39(1), 87-99. PMID: 18032739.

Adams, H. P. (2008). Endarterectomy versus angioplasty and stenting for prevention of ischemic stroke in people with severe stenosis of the internal carotid artery. Current neurology and neuroscience reports, 8(1), 9-11. PMID: 18367033.

Adams, H. P. (2008). A commentary on the 2008 European guidelines for management of ischemic stroke and transient ischemic attack | Polish Archives of Internal Medicine. (Vols. 118). (12), pp. 686-688. Pol Arch Med Wewn.

Adams, H. P. (2008). PREVENTION OF ISCHEMIC STROKE. Antiplatelet Agents, Carotid Endarterectomy and Angioplasty and Stenting [Turk J Neurol]. Turk J Neuro, 14(6), 377-387.

Adams, H. P., Davis, P. H. & Hennerici, M. (2008). Moya-moya syndrome. In Uncommon Causes of Stroke. pp. 465-478. Cambridge University Press (CUP). DOI: 10.1017/cbo9780511544897.063.

Adams, H. P., Lyden, P. (2008). Chapter 48 Assessment of a patient with stroke: neurological examination and clinical rating scales. In Stroke Part III: Investigation and Management. pp. 971-1009. Elsevier BV. DOI: 10.1016/s0072-9752(08)94048-3.

Adams, H. P., Effron, M. B., Torner, J., Dávalos, A., Frayne, J., Teal, P., Leclerc, J., Oemar, B., Padgett, L., Barnathan, E. S. & Hacke, W. (2008). Emergency Administration of Abciximab for Treatment of Patients With Acute Ischemic Stroke: Results of an International Phase III Trial. Stroke, 39(1), 87–99. PMID: 18032739.

Adams, Jr., H. P. (2008). On being a neurologist. In J. F. Rothrock , et al (Eds.) The art and science of neurology : top doctors on understanding the nervous system, developing a diagnosis, and treatment plan, and communicating with patients and families. Boston, MA: Aspatore Books.

Adams, H. P. (2007). Response to Letters by Johnston et al and Bruno et al. (Vols. 38). (11), pp. e139–e139. Stroke. DOI: 10.1161/STROKEAHA.107.499202.

Adams, H. P. (2007). Is enoxaparin superior to unfractionated heparin for the prevention of thromboembolism after ischemic stroke?. Nature clinical practice. Cardiovascular medicine, 4(10), 528-9. PMID: 17667896.

Callison, R. C., Adams, Jr., H. P. (2007). Patent Foramen Ovale (PFO) and Stroke: The Controversy Continues [reviewing Casaubon L et al. Can J Neurol Sci 2007 Feb.]. NEJM Journal Watch Neurology.

Adams, H. P., del Zoppo, G., Alberts, M. J., Bhatt, D. L., Brass, L., Furlan, A., Grubb, R. L., Higashida, R. T., Jauch, E. C., Kidwell, C., Lyden, P. D., Morgenstern, L. B., Qureshi, A. I., Rosenwasser, R. H., Scott, P. A. & Wijdicks, E. F. (2007). Guidelines for the early management of adults with ischemic stroke: a guideline from the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association Stroke Council, Clinical Cardiology Council, Cardiovascular Radiology and Intervention Council, and the Atherosclerotic Peripheral Vascular Disease and Quality of Care Outcomes in Research Interdisciplinary Working Groups: The American Academy of Neurology affirms the value of this guideline as an educational tool for neurologists. Circulation, 115(20), e478-534. PMID: 17515473.

Adams, H. P., del Zoppo, G., Alberts, M. J., Bhatt, D. L., Brass, L., Furlan, A., Grubb, R. L., Higashida, R. T., Jauch, E. C., Kidwell, C., Lyden, P. D., Morgenstern, L. B., Qureshi, A. I., Rosenwasser, R. H., Scott, P. A. & Wijdicks, E. F. (2007). Guidelines for the early management of adults with ischemic stroke: a guideline from the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association Stroke Council, Clinical Cardiology Council, Cardiovascular Radiology and Intervention Council, and the Atherosclerotic Peripheral Vascular Disease and Quality of Care Outcomes in Research Interdisciplinary Working Groups: the American Academy of Neurology affirms the value of this guideline as an educational tool for neurologists. Stroke; a journal of cerebral circulation, 38(5), 1655-711. PMID: 17431204.

Adams, H. P., Zoppo, G. d., Alberts, M. J., Bhatt, D. L., Brass, L., Furlan, A., Grubb, R. L., Higashida, R. T., Jauch, E. C., Kidwell, C., Lyden, P. D., Morgenstern, L. B., Qureshi, A. I., Rosenwasser, R. H., Scott, P. A. & Wijdicks, E. F. (2007). Guidelines for the Early Management of Adults With Ischemic Stroke. Stroke, 38(5), 1655–1711. PMID: 17431204.

Leira, E. C., Pary, J. K., Davis, P. H., Grimsman, K. J. & Adams, H. P. (2007). Slow progressive acceptance of intravenous thrombolysis for patients with stroke by rural primary care physicians. Archives of neurology, 64(4), 518-21. PMID: 17420312.

Adams, Jr., H. P. (2007). Predicting Ischemic Stroke Risk After a Transient Ischemic Attack [eviewing Tsivgoulis G et al. Stroke 2006 Dec. ]. NEJM Journal Watch Neurology.

Adams, H. P. (2007). Aspirin plus dipyridamole versus aspirin alone after cerebral ischemia of arterial origin. Current neurology and neuroscience reports, 7(1), 4. PMID: 17217847.

Adams, H. P. (2007). Clopidogrel plus aspirin versus oral anticoagulation for atrial fibrillation. Current neurology and neuroscience reports, 7(1), 5-7. PMID: 17217848.

Adams, H. P. (2007). Principles of cerebrovascular disease. New York: McGraw-Hill Medical.

Leira, E. C., Lamb, D. L., Nugent, A. S., Ahmed, A., Grimsman, K. J., Clarke, W. R. & Adams, H. P. (2006). Feasibility of acute clinical trials during aerial interhospital transfer. Stroke; a journal of cerebral circulation, 37(10), 2504-7. PMID: 16946166.

Johnston, S. C., Nguyen-Huynh, M. N., Schwarz, M. E., Fuller, K., Williams, C. E., Josephson, S. A., Hankey, G. J., Hart, R. G., Levine, S. R., Biller, J., Brown, R. D., Sacco, R. L., Kappelle, L. J., Koudstaal, P. J., Bogousslavsky, J., Caplan, L. R., van Gijn, J., Algra, A., Rothwell, P. M., Adams, H. P. & Albers, G. W. (2006). National Stroke Association guidelines for the management of transient ischemic attacks. Annals of Neurology, 60(3), 301-313. DOI: 10.1002/ana.20942.

Randhawa, S., Shah, V. A., Chang, S., Adams, H. P. & Lee, A. G. (2006). A neuro-ophthalmologic emergency. Ophthalmology, 113(8), 1477.e1-3. PMID: 16877097.

Pavlakis, S. G., Sacco, R., Levine, S. R., Meschia, J. F., Palesch, Y., Tilley, B. C. & Adams, H. P. (2006). Lessons from adult stroke trials. Pediatric neurology, 34(6), 446-9. PMID: 16765822.

Adams, H. P. (2006). Cardiac disease and stroke: will history repeat itself?. Mayo Clinic proceedings. Mayo Clinic, 81(5), 597-601. PMID: 16706255.

Jensen, M. B., Yoo, B., Clarke, W. R., Davis, P. H. & Adams, Jr, H. R. (2006). Blood pressure as an independent prognostic factor in acute ischemic stroke. The Canadian journal of neurological sciences. Le journal canadien des sciences neurologiques, 33(1), 34-8. PMID: 16583719.

Adams, H. P., Juul, D. & Scheiber, S. (2006). Vascular Neurology: A New Neurologic Subspecialty in the United States. International Journal of Stroke, 1(1), 41-42. DOI: 10.1111/j.1747-4949.2005.00004.x.

Adams, H. P., del Zoppo, G. J. & von Kummer, R. (2006). Management of Stroke: A Practical Guide for the Prevention, Evaluation, and Treatment of Acute Stroke. (3rd) New York: Professional Communications.

Leira, E. C., Adams, Jr., H. P. (2006). Ischemic cerebrovascular disease. In R. E. Rakel , et al (Eds.) Conn's current therapy 2006 : latest approved methods of treatment for the practicing physician. (2006), pp. 1088-1091. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders.

Adams, Jr., H. P. (2006). Management of patients with acute ischemic stroke. In J. H. Noseworthy (Eds.) Neurological therapeutics : principles and practice. (2nd edition) London: Informa Healthcare.

Apostolova, L. G., Johnson, E. K. & Adams, H. P. (2005). Disseminated Pseudallescheria boydii infection successfully treated with voriconazole. Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry, 76(12), 1741-2. PMID: 16291910.

Ringman, J. M., Saver, J. L., Woolson, R. F. & Adams, H. P. (2005). Hemispheric asymmetry of gaze deviation and relationship to neglect in acute stroke. Neurology, 65(10), 1661-2. PMID: 16301502.

Adams, Jr., H. P. (2005). MRI Aids Assessment of Stroke Risk After Minor Stroke or TIA [reviewing Coutts SB et al. Ann Neurol 2005 Jun. ]. NEJM Journal Watch Neurology.

Adams, H. P., Biller, J., Juul, D. & Scheiber, S. (2005). Certification in vascular neurology: a new subspecialty in the United States. Stroke; a journal of cerebral circulation, 36(10), 2293-5. PMID: 16179562.

Adams, H. P., Biller, J., Juul, D. & Scheiber, S. (2005). Certification in Vascular Neurology. Stroke, 36(10), 2293–2295. PMID: 16179562.

Adams, H., Adams, R., Del Zoppo, G. & Goldstein, L. B. (2005). Guidelines for the Early Management of Patients With Ischemic Stroke: 2005 Guidelines Update A Scientific Statement From the Stroke Council of the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association. Stroke, 36(4), 916-923. DOI: 10.1161/01.str.0000163257.66207.2d.

Investigators, Abciximab Emergent Stroke Treatment Trial (AbESTT), (2005). Emergency Administration of Abciximab for Treatment of Patients With Acute Ischemic Stroke. Stroke, 36(4), 880–890. PMID: 15731473.

Adams, H. P. (2005). Prevention of embolism among patients with atrial fibrillation. (Vols. 5). (1), pp. 9-12. Current neurology and neuroscience reports. PMID: 15676102.

Todd, M. M., Hindman, B. J., Clarke, W. R. & Torner, J. C. (2005). Mild Intraoperative Hypothermia during Surgery for Intracranial Aneurysm. New England Journal of Medicine, 352(2), 135–145. PMID: 15647576.

Adams, H. P. (2005). Handbook of cerebrovascular diseases. (2nd ed.) New York: MDekker.

Adams, Jr., H. P. (2005). Antithrombotic therapies for prevention of ischemic stroke. In H. P. Adams, Jr. (Eds.) Handbook of cerebrovascular diseases. (2nd edition), pp. 305-350. New York: M. Dekker.

Leira, E. C., Adams, Jr., H. P. (2005). New therapies in acute stroke. Stroke Clinical Updates.

Adams, H. P. (2004). Effective prophylaxis for deep vein thrombosis after stroke: low-dose anticoagulation rather than stockings alone: for. Stroke; a journal of cerebral circulation, 35(12), 2911-2. PMID: 15499030.

Adams, H. P. (2004). Effective Prophylaxis for Deep Vein Thrombosis After Stroke. Stroke, 35(12), 2911–2912. PMID: 15499030.

Adams, H. P., Kenton, E. J., Scheiber, S. C. & Juul, D. (2004). Vascular neurology: a new neurologic subspecialty. Neurology, 63(5), 774-6. PMID: 15365122.

Ringman, J. M., Saver, J. L., Woolson, R. F., Clarke, W. R. & Adams, H. P. (2004). Frequency, risk factors, anatomy, and course of unilateral neglect in an acute stroke cohort. Neurology, 63(3), 468-74. PMID: 15304577.

Jensen, M. B., Adams, H. P. (2004). Pneumocephalus after air travel. Neurology, 63(2), 400-1. PMID: 15277656.

Leira, E. C., Chang, K. C., Davis, P. H., Clarke, W. R., Woolson, R. F., Hansen, M. D. & Adams, H. P. (2004). Can we predict early recurrence in acute stroke?. Cerebrovascular diseases (Basel, Switzerland), 18(2), 139-44. PMID: 15218280.

Adams, H. P., Leclerc, J. R., Bluhmki, E., Clarke, W., Hansen, M. D. & Hacke, W. (2004). Measuring outcomes as a function of baseline severity of ischemic stroke. Cerebrovascular diseases (Basel, Switzerland), 18(2), 124-9. PMID: 15218277.

Adams, H. P. (2004). Patent foramen ovale: paradoxical embolism and paradoxical data. Mayo Clinic proceedings. Mayo Clinic, 79(1), 15-20. PMID: 14708944.

Touboul, P., Hennerici, M., Meairs, S., Adams, H., Amarenco, P., Desvarieux, M., Ebrahim, S., Fatar, M., Hernandez Hernandez, R., Kownator, S., Prati, P., Rundek, T., Taylor, A., Bornstein, N., Csiba, L., Vicaut, E., Woo, K. & Zannad, F. (2004). Mannheim Intima-Media Thickness Consensus. Cerebrovascular Diseases, 18(4), 346-349. DOI: 10.1159/000081812.

Powers, W. J., Clarke, W. R., Grubb, R. L. & Adams, H. P. (2004). Could COSS Be Canceled? Neurosurgeons Urge Support for Carotid Occlusion Surgery Study. AANS Bulletin, 13(1), 34.

Adams, H. P., Davis, P. H. (2004). Antithrombotic Therapy for Acute Ischemic Stroke. In Stroke: Pathophysiology, Diagnosis, and Managment. (4th), pp. 953-969. Elsevier BV. DOI: 10.1016/b0-44-306600-0/50058-4.

Adams, H. P., Davis, P. H. (2004). Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage. In Stroke: Pathophysiology, Diagnosis, and Managment. (4th), pp. 377-396. Elsevier BV. DOI: 10.1016/b0-44-306600-0/50018-3.

Leira, E. C., Adams, H. P. (2004). Chapter 3 Etiologies and Mechanisms of Ischemia. In Prevention and Treatment of Ischemic Stroke. pp. 55-66. Elsevier BV. DOI: 10.1016/s1877-3419(09)70078-9.

Gresham, G. E., Duncan, P. W., Stason, W. B. & Adams, Jr., H. P. (2004). Post-stroke rehabilitation. In United States Agency for Health Care Policy and Research (Eds.) Clinical practice guideline. Rockville, Md.; [Darby, PA]: U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Agency for Health Care Policy and Research ; Diane Pub. Co. [distributor].

Leira, E. C., Adams, Jr., H. P. (2004). Cerebrovascular disease. In C. S. Landefeld , et al (Eds.) Current geriatric diagnosis & treatment. pp. 147-155. New York: Lange Medical Books/McGraw-Hill.

Adams, H. P. (2003). 10 most commonly asked questions about which antiplatelet agent to prescribe. The neurologist, 9(6), 318-22. PMID: 14629786.

Johnston, S. C., Leira, E. C., Hansen, M. D. & Adams, H. P. (2003). Early recovery after cerebral ischemia risk of subsequent neurological deterioration. Annals of neurology, 54(4), 439-44. PMID: 14520654.

Chalmers, J., Adams, H. P., Donnan, G. A., Fox, K., MacMahon, S., Mancia, G. & Tzourio, C. (2003). Clinical implications of PROGRESS: questions and answers. Journal of hypertension. Supplement : official journal of the International Society of Hypertension, 21(5), S21-4. PMID: 12953852.

Adams, H. P. (2003). Stroke: a vascular pathology with inadequate management. Journal of hypertension. Supplement : official journal of the International Society of Hypertension, 21(5), S3-7. PMID: 12953849.

Adams, H. P. (2003). Perspectives in the management of acute stroke. Italian heart journal : official journal of the Italian Federation of Cardiology, 4(5), 291-4. PMID: 12848084.

Adams, H. P., Adams, R. J., Brott, T., del Zoppo, G. J., Furlan, A., Goldstein, L. B., Grubb, R. L., Higashida, R., Kidwell, C., Kwiatkowski, T. G., Marler, J. R. & Hademenos, G. J. (2003). Guidelines for the early management of patients with ischemic stroke: A scientific statement from the Stroke Council of the American Stroke Association. Stroke; a journal of cerebral circulation, 34(4), 1056-83. PMID: 12677087.

Adams, H. P., Adams, R. J., Brott, T., Zoppo, G. J., Furlan, A., Goldstein, L. B., Grubb, R. L., Higashida, R., Kidwell, C., Kwiatkowski, T. G., Marler, J. R. & Hademenos, G. J. (2003). Guidelines for the Early Management of Patients With Ischemic Stroke. Stroke, 34(4), 1056–1083. PMID: 12677087.

Grubb, R. L., Powers, W. J., Derdeyn, C. P., Adams, H. P. & Clarke, W. R. (2003). The Carotid Occlusion Surgery Study. Neurosurgical focus, 14(3), e9. PMID: 15709726.

Martin, C. O., Adams, H. P. (2003). Neurological aspects of biological and chemical terrorism: a review for neurologists. Archives of neurology, 60(1), 21-5. PMID: 12533084.

Adams, H. P. (2003). New strategies for prevention of ischemic stroke: the LIFE study. Current neurology and neuroscience reports, 3(1), 46-51. PMID: 12507410.

Adams, Jr., H. P. (2003). Antithrombotic or thrombolytic therapy for treatment of acute ischemic stroke [in Japanese]. The Circulation Frontier, 7(38-46).

Adams, Jr., H. P. (2003). General and neurology-specific medical knowledge core competencies. In American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology (Eds.) Core competencies for neurologists. pp. 63-72. Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann.

Vick, N. A., Adams, Jr., H. P. & Kramer, T. A. (2003). Cross-competencies: what neurologists should know about psychiatry. In American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology (Eds.) Core competencies for neurologists. pp. 115-118. Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann.

Adams, Jr., H. P. (2003). Management of patients with acute ischemic stroke. In J. H. Noseworthy (Eds.) Neurological therapeutics : principles and practice. pp. 436-449. London ; New York: Martin Dunitz.

Davis, P. H., Adams, Jr., H. P. (2003). Cardiac tumors. In J. H. Noseworthy (Eds.) Neurological therapeutics : principles and practice. pp. 1285-1288. London ; New York: Martin Dunitz.

Ireland, J. K., Adams, Jr., H. P. (2002). Risk Factors for Stroke After TIA: More Details, More Questions [reviewing Johnston SC et al. JAMA 2000 Dec 13.].

Adams, H. P. (2002). Emergent use of anticoagulation for treatment of patients with ischemic stroke. Stroke; a journal of cerebral circulation, 33(3), 856-61. PMID: 11872915.

Weigele, J. B., Chaloupka, J. C., Lesley, W. S., Mangla, S., Hitchon, P. W., VanGilder, J. C. & Adams, H. P. (2002). Peripheral aneurysms of the lateral posterior choroidal artery: clinical presentation and endovascular treatment: report of two cases. Neurosurgery, 50(2), 392-5; discussion 395-6. PMID: 11844276.

Adams, H. P. (2002). Angioplasty and stenting for severe stenosis of the extracranial portion of the internal carotid artery. Current neurology and neuroscience reports, 2(1), 15-7. PMID: 11898577.

Adams, H. P., del Zoppo, G. J. & von Kummer, R. (2002). Management of Stroke: A Practical Guide for the Prevention, Evaluation, and Treatment of Acute Stroke. (2nd) Caddo, OK: Professional Communications.

Adams, Jr., H. P., Shoaib, M. A. (2002). Hemorrhagic cerebrovascular disease. In J. Biller (Eds.) Practical neurology. (2nd edition) New York: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Wilterdink, J. L., Bendixen, B., Adams, H. P., Woolson, R. F., Clarke, W. R. & Hansen, M. D. (2001). Effect of prior aspirin use on stroke severity in the trial of Org 10172 in acute stroke treatment (TOAST). Stroke; a journal of cerebral circulation, 32(12), 2836-40. PMID: 11739983.

Mohr, J. P., Thompson, J. L., Lazar, R. M., Levin, B., Sacco, R. L., Furie, K. L., Kistler, J. P., Albers, G. W., Pettigrew, L. C., Adams, H. P., Jackson, C. M. & Pullicino, P. (2001). A comparison of warfarin and aspirin for the prevention of recurrent ischemic stroke. The New England journal of medicine, 345(20), 1444-51. PMID: 11794192.

Hassaballa, H., Gorelick, P. B., West, C. P., Hansen, M. D. & Adams, H. P. (2001). Ischemic stroke outcome: racial differences in the trial of danaparoid in acute stroke (TOAST). Neurology, 57(4), 691-7. PMID: 11524481.

Adams, Jr., H. P., Hachinski, V. C. & Norris, J. W. (2001). Contemporary Neurology Series : Ischemic Cerebrovascular Disease. Cary, US: Oxford University Press.

(2001). Recertification for neurologists. Neurology, 57(2), 175-176. DOI: 10.1212/wnl.57.2.175.

Adams, H. P., Powers, W. J., Grubb, R. L., Clarke, W. R. & Woolson, R. F. (2001). Preview of a new trial of extracranial-to-intracranial arterial anastomosis: the carotid occlusion surgery study. Neurosurgery clinics of North America, 12(3), 613-24, ix-x. PMID: 11390318.

Adams, H. P. (2001). Antiplatelet aggregating versus anticoagulant agents in preventing early recurrent stroke among patients with atrial fibrillation. Current neurology and neuroscience reports, 1(1), 11-2. PMID: 11898494.

Adams, H. P. (2001). Treatment of acute ischemic stroke: selecting the right treatment for the right patient. European neurology, 45(2), 61-6. PMID: 11244267.

Libman, R. B., Kwiatkowski, T. G., Hansen, M. D., Clarke, W. R., Woolson, R. F. & Adams, H. P. (2001). Differences between anterior and posterior circulation stroke in TOAST. Cerebrovascular diseases (Basel, Switzerland), 11(4), 311-6. PMID: 11385210.

Adams, Jr., H. P., Biller, J. (2001). Hemorrhagic cerebrovascular disease. In R. J. Joynt , R. C. Griggs (Eds.) Baker's clinical neurology on CD-ROM. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Razavi, M., Razavi, B., Fattal, D., Afifi, A. & Adams, H. P. (2000). Hemiplegic migraine induced by exertion. Archives of neurology, 57(9), 1363-5. PMID: 10987906.

Kresowik, T. F., Hemann, R. A., Grund, S. L., Hendel, M. E., Brenton, M., Wiblin, R. T., Adams, H. P. & Ellerbeck, E. F. (2000). Improving the outcomes of carotid endarterectomy: results of a statewide quality improvement project. Journal of vascular surgery, 31(5), 918-26. PMID: 10805882.

Winkley, J. M., Adams, H. P. (2000). Potential role of abciximab in ischemic cerebrovascular disease. The American journal of cardiology, 85(8A), 47C-51C. PMID: 10793180.

(2000). Abciximab in acute ischemic stroke. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, dose-escalation study. Stroke, 31(3), 601-9. PMID: 10700492.

Adams, H. P. (2000). Thrombolytics in acute ischaemic stroke: a guide to patient selection and optimum use. BioDrugs : clinical immunotherapeutics, biopharmaceuticals and gene therapy, 13(2), 115-26. PMID: 18034518.

(2000). Detection of CT Abnormalities in Acute Ischemic Stroke [reviewing Wardlaw JM et al. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 1999 Nov.]. Journal Watch Neurology.

Leira, E. C., Adams, H. P. (1999). Management of acute ischemic stroke. Clinics in geriatric medicine, 15(4), 701-20. PMID: 10499931.

Chaturvedi, S., Adams, H. P. & Woolson, R. F. (1999). Circadian variation in ischemic stroke subtypes. Stroke; a journal of cerebral circulation, 30(9), 1792-5. PMID: 10471425.

Adams, H. P., Bendixen, B. H., Leira, E., Chang, K. C., Davis, P. H., Woolson, R. F., Clarke, W. R. & Hansen, M. D. (1999). Antithrombotic treatment of ischemic stroke among patients with occlusion or severe stenosis of the internal carotid artery: A report of the Trial of Org 10172 in Acute Stroke Treatment (TOAST). Neurology, 53(1), 122-5. PMID: 10408547.

Adams, H. P., Davis, P. H., Leira, E. C., Chang, K. C., Bendixen, B. H., Clarke, W. R., Woolson, R. F. & Hansen, M. D. (1999). Baseline NIH Stroke Scale score strongly predicts outcome after stroke: A report of the Trial of Org 10172 in Acute Stroke Treatment (TOAST). Neurology, 53(1), 126-31. PMID: 10408548.

Broderick, J. P., Adams, H. P., Barsan, W., Feinberg, W., Feldmann, E., Grotta, J., Kase, C., Krieger, D., Mayberg, M., Tilley, B., Zabramski, J. M. & Zuccarello, M. (1999). Guidelines for the management of spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage: A statement for healthcare professionals from a special writing group of the Stroke Council, American Heart Association. Stroke; a journal of cerebral circulation, 30(4), 905-15. PMID: 10187901.

Broderick, J. P., Adams, H. P., Barsan, W., Feinberg, W., Feldmann, E., Grotta, J., Kase, C., Krieger, D., Mayberg, M., Tilley, B., Zabramski, J. M. & Zuccarello, M. (1999). Guidelines for the Management of Spontaneous Intracerebral Hemorrhage. Stroke, 30(4), 905–915. PMID: 10187901.

Razavi, M., Bendixen, B., Maley, J. E., Shoaib, M., Zargarian, M., Razavi, B. & Adams, H. P. (1999). CNS pseudovasculitis in a patient with pheochromocytoma. Neurology, 52(5), 1088-90. PMID: 10102439.

Bruno, A., Biller, J., Adams, H. P., Clarke, W. R., Woolson, R. F., Williams, L. S. & Hansen, M. D. (1999). Acute blood glucose level and outcome from ischemic stroke. Trial of ORG 10172 in Acute Stroke Treatment (TOAST) Investigators. Neurology, 52(2), 280-4. PMID: 9932944.

Adams, Jr., H. P. (1999). Which Patients are Inappropriate for Surgery and What is the "Best" Medical Management for Non-Surgical Patients?. In C. M. Loftus (Eds.) Textbook of carotid artery surgery. pp. 113-120. Stuttgart: Thieme.

Adams, H. P., Leira, E. C. (1998). Treatment of acute ischemic stroke. Drugs of today (Barcelona, Spain : 1998), 34(7), 655-60. PMID: 14988765.

Strauss, W. E., Thies, W. H., Robertson, R. M. & Adams, H. (1998). Fighting heart disease and stroke. Recommendations of the AHA Stroke Positioning Task Force. Stroke, 29(6), 1272-3. PMID: 9626307.

Adams, H. P. (1998). Treating ischemic stroke as an emergency. Archives of neurology, 55(4), 457-61. PMID: 9561972.

(1998). Low molecular weight heparinoid, ORG 10172 (danaparoid), and outcome after acute ischemic stroke: a randomized controlled trial. The Publications Committee for the Trial of ORG 10172 in Acute Stroke Treatment (TOAST) Investigators. JAMA, 279(16), 1265–1272. PMID: 9565006.

Adams, H. P., Yenari, M., McDowell, F. H. & Yonas, H. (1998). Editorial commentary [on assessment scales for the evaluation of stroke patients]. (Vols. 7). (2), pp. i–ii. Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases. DOI: 10.1016/S1052-3057(98)80134-1.

Biller, J., Feinberg, W. M., Castaldo, J. E., Whittemore, A. D., Harbaugh, R. E., Dempsey, R. J., Caplan, L. R., Kresowik, T. F., Matchar, D. B., Toole, J. F., Easton, J. D., Adams, H. P., Brass, L. M., Hobson, R. W., Brott, T. G. & Sternau, L. (1998). Guidelines for carotid endarterectomy: a statement for healthcare professionals from a Special Writing Group of the Stroke Council, American Heart Association. Circulation, 97(5), 501-9. PMID: 9490248.

Biller, J., Feinberg, W. M., Castaldo, J. E., Whittemore, A. D., Harbaugh, R. E., Dempsey, R. J., Caplan, L. R., Kresowik, T. F., Matchar, D. B., Toole, J. f., Easton, J. D., Adams, H. P., Brass, L. M., Hobson, R. W., Brott, T. G. & Sternau, L. (1998). Guidelines for carotid endarterectomy: a statement for healthcare professionals from a special writing group of the Stroke Council, American Heart Association. Stroke; a journal of cerebral circulation, 29(2), 554-62. PMID: 9480580.

Biller, J., Feinberg, W. M., Castaldo, J. E., Whittemore, A. D., Harbaugh, R. E., Dempsey, R. J., Caplan, L. R., Kresowik, T. F., Matchar, D. B., Toole, J. F., Easton, J. D., Adams, H. P., Brass, L. M., Hobson, R. W., Brott, T. G. & Sternau, L. (1998). Guidelines for Carotid Endarterectomy. Stroke, 29(2), 554–562. PMID: 9480580.

Leira, E. C., Bendixen, B. H., Kardon, R. H. & Adams, H. P. (1998). Brief, transient Horner's syndrome can be the hallmark of a carotid artery dissection. Neurology, 50(1), 289-90. PMID: 9443497.

Adams, H. P. (1998). Occlusion of the internal carotid artery: reopening a closed door?. JAMA : the journal of the American Medical Association, 280(12), 1093-4. PMID: 9757859.

Leira, E. C., Adams, H. P. (1998). Emergent Treatment of the Patient with Acute Ischemic Stroke. J Clin Outcomes Management, 5, 56–64.

Adams, H. P., del Zoppo, G. J. & von Kummer, R. (1998). Management of stroke : a practical guide for the prevention, evaluation and treatment of acute stroke. (1st) Caddo, OK: Professional Communications.

Adams, H. P., Love, B. B. & Jacoby, M. R. (1998). Arterial dissections. In M. Ginsberg , J. Bogousslavsky (Eds.) Cerebrovascular disease: pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management. pp. 1430–46. Malden, Mass: Blackwell Science.

Kapelle, L. J., Adams, H. P. & Bendixen, B. H. (1998). Antiaggregant therapy for stroke prevention. In M. Ginsberg , J. Bogousslavsky (Eds.) Cerebrovascular disease: pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management. pp. 1826–1839. Blackwell Science.

Adams, Jr., H. P. (1998). Commentary on Pitfalls in the assessment of computed tomography of the brain in patients with suspected ischemic stroke. (Vols. 2). pp. 130-133. Neurol Net Comm..

Adams, Jr., H. P., Love, B. B. (1998). Medical management of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. In H. J. Barnett , et al (Eds.) Stroke: pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management. (3rd edition), pp. 1243-1262. Philadelphia, PA: W.B. Saunders.

Adams, Jr., H. P., Davis, P. H. (1998). Treatment of cerebrovascular diseases. In M. D. Ginsberg , et al (Eds.) Cerebrovascular disease : pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management [2 vol. set]. pp. 1815-1818. Malden, MA: Blackwell Science.

Adams, Jr., H. P., Bendixen, B. H. (1998). Current management of patients with acute ischemic stroke. (3) Focus & Opinion. Internal Medicine.

Adams, Jr., H. P. (1998). Neurologic complications of cardiovascular procedures. In J. Biller (Eds.) Iatrogenic neurology. pp. 51-56. Boston: Butterworth-Heinemann.

Leira, E. C., Love, B. B. & Adams, Jr., H. P. (1998). Stroke in young adults. In A. Shuaib , L. B. Goldstein (Eds.) Management of acute stroke. pp. 173-192. New York: Marcel Dekker.

Adams, H. P., Woolson, R. F., Clarke, W. R., Davis, P. H., Bendixen, B. H., Love, B. B., Wasek, P. A. & Grimsman, K. J. (1997). Design of the Trial of Org 10172 in Acute Stroke Treatment (TOAST). Controlled clinical trials, 18(4), 358-77. PMID: 9257073.

Pessin, M. S., Adams, H. P., Adams, R. J., Fisher, M., Furlan, A. J., Hacke, W., Haley, E. C., Hazinski, M. F., Helgason, C. M., Higashida, R. T., Koroshetz, W., Marler, J. R. & Ornato, J. P. (1997). American Heart Association Prevention Conference. IV. Prevention and Rehabilitation of Stroke. Acute interventions. Stroke; a journal of cerebral circulation, 28(7), 1518-21. PMID: 9227709.

Leira, E. C., Ajax, T. & Adams, H. P. (1997). Limb-shaking carotid transient ischemic attacks successfully treated with modification of the antihypertensive regimen. Archives of neurology, 54(7), 904-5. PMID: 9236580.

Pessin, M. S., Adams, H. P., Adams, R. J., Fisher, M., Furlan, A. J., Hacke, W., Haley, E. C., Hazinski, M. F., Helgason, C. M., Higashida, R. T., Koroshetz, W., Marler, J. R. & Ornato, J. P. (1997). Acute Interventions. Stroke, 28(7), 1518–1521. PMID: 9227709.

Culebras, A., Kase, C. S., Masdeu, J. C., Fox, A. J., Bryan, R. N., Grossman, C. B., Lee, D. H., Adams, H. P. & Thies, W. (1997). Practice Guidelines for the Use of Imaging in Transient Ischemic Attacks and Acute Stroke. Stroke, 28(7), 1480–1497. PMID: 9227705.

Adams, H. P., Leira, E. C. (1997). Brain attack. Acute therapeutic intervention. Antithrombotic and antiplatelet-aggregating drugs. Neurosurgery clinics of North America, 8(2), 207-17. PMID: 9113702.

Adams, H. P. (1997). Management of patients with acute ischaemic stroke. Drugs, 54 Suppl 3, 60-9; discussion 69-70. PMID: 9360853.

Adams, Jr., H. P. (1997). The risk of stroke among women using oral contraceptives. Neurol Net Comm., 1, 247-251.

Adams, Jr., H. P., Bendixen, B. H. (1997). Hemorrhagic cerebrovascular disease. In J. Biller (Eds.) Practical neurology. pp. 392-401. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott-Raven.

Adams, H. P. (1996). The importance of the Helsingborg declaration on stroke management in Europe. Journal of internal medicine, 240(4), 169-71. PMID: 8918506.

Adams, H. P., Brott, T. G., Furlan, A. J., Gomez, C. R., Grotta, J., Helgason, C. M., Kwiatkowski, T., Lyden, P. D., Marler, J. R., Torner, J., Feinberg, W., Mayberg, M. & Thies, W. (1996). Guidelines for thrombolytic therapy for acute stroke: a supplement to the guidelines for the management of patients with acute ischemic stroke. A statement for healthcare professionals from a Special Writing Group of the Stroke Council, American Heart Association. Circulation, 94(5), 1167-74. PMID: 8790069.

Adams, H. P., Brott, T. G., Furlan, A. J., Gomez, C. R., Grotta, J., Helgason, C. M., Kwiatkowski, T., Lyden, P. D., Marler, J. R., Torner, J., Feinberg, W., Mayberg, M. & Thies, W. (1996). Guidelines for Thrombolytic Therapy for Acute Stroke: a Supplement to the Guidelines for the Management of Patients with Acute Ischemic Stroke. A statement for healthcare professionals from a Special Writing Group of the Stroke Council, American Heart Association. Stroke; a journal of cerebral circulation, 27(9), 1711-8. PMID: 8784157.

Davis, P. H., Clarke, W. R., Bendixen, B. H., Adams, H. P., Woolson, R. F. & Culebras, A. (1996). Silent cerebral infarction in patients enrolled in the TOAST Study. Neurology, 46(4), 942-8. PMID: 8780069.

Holloway, R. G., Witter, D. M., Lawton, K. B., Lipscomb, J. & Samsa, G. (1996). Inpatient costs of specific cerebrovascular events at five academic medical centers. Neurology, 46(3), 854–860. PMID: 8618712.

Bendixen, B. H., Adams, H. P. (1996). Ticlopidine or clopidogrel as alternatives to aspirin in prevention of ischemic stroke. European neurology, 36(5), 256-7. PMID: 8864703.

Adams, Jr., H. P. (1996). Management of the person with an asymptomatic stenosis of the extracranial internal carotid artery. Journal of neurology = Zeitschrift fu¨r Neurologie, 243(Supplement 2), S128.

Kappelle, L. P., Adams, Jr., H. P. (1996). The use of antiplatelet drugs to prevent stroke. In P. B. Gorelick (Eds.) Atlas of Cerebrovascular Disease. pp. 15.1-15.13. Philadelphia, PA: Current Medicine.

Davis, P. H., Jacoby, M. R. & Adams, Jr., H. P. (1996). Cerebral embolism in pregnant women. In C. M. Loftus (Eds.) Neurosurgical aspects of pregnancy. pp. 135-146. Park Ridge, IL: American Association of Neurological Surgeons.

Adams, Jr., H. P. (1996). Use of anticoagulants in acute ischemic stroke patients. In J. De Keyser (Eds.) Acute Stroke: Current Approaches to Management. pp. 3:7-9. Elsevier.

Adams, Jr., H. P., Biller, J. (1996). Vascular diseases of the nervous system: ischemic cerebrovascular disease. In W. G. Bradley (Eds.) Neurology in clinical practice. Vol. 2 : The neurological disorders. pp. 993-1032. Boston: Butterworth-Heinemann.

Madden, K. P., Karanjia, P. N., Adams, H. P. & Clarke, W. R. (1995). Accuracy of initial stroke subtype diagnosis in the TOAST study. Trial of ORG 10172 in Acute Stroke Treatment. Neurology, 45(11), 1975-9. PMID: 7501144.

Adams, H. P., Davis, P. H. (1995). Management of transient ischemic attacks. Comprehensive therapy, 21(7), 355-61. PMID: 7554812.

Adams, H. P., Kappelle, L. J., Biller, J., Gordon, D. L., Love, B. B., Gomez, F. & Heffner, M. (1995). Ischemic stroke in young adults. Experience in 329 patients enrolled in the Iowa Registry of stroke in young adults. Archives of neurology, 52(5), 491-5. PMID: 7733844.

Mohr, J. P., Biller, J., Hilal, S. K., Yuh, W. T., Tatemichi, T. K., Hedges, S., Tali, E., Nguyen, H., Mun, I. & Adams, H. P. (1995). Magnetic resonance versus computed tomographic imaging in acute stroke. Stroke; a journal of cerebral circulation, 26(5), 807-12. PMID: 7740571.

(1995). Endarterectomy for asymptomatic carotid artery stenosis. Executive Committee for the Asymptomatic Carotid Atherosclerosis Study. JAMA, 273(18), 1421–1428. PMID: 7723155.

Adams, H. P. (1995). Use of anticoagulants or antiplatelet aggregating drugs in the prevention of ischemic stroke. Advances in internal medicine, 40, 503-31. PMID: 7747656.

Adams, H. P., Byington, R. P., Hoen, H., Dempsey, R. & Furberg, C. D. (1995). Effect of Cholesterol-Lowering Medications on Progression of Mild Atherosclerotic Lesions of the Carotid Arteries and on the Risk of Stroke. Cerebrovascular Diseases, 5(3), 171-177. DOI: 10.1159/000107847.

Adams, H. P., Love, B. B. (1995). Transesophageal Echocardiography in the Evaluation of Young Adults with Ischemic Stroke: Promises and Concerns. Cerebrovascular Diseases, 5(5), 323-327. DOI: 10.1159/000107875.

Adams, Jr., H. P. (1995). Prevencion del accidente cerebrovascular cardioembolico. Revista Argentina de Cardiologia, 63(4).

Adams, H. P., Bendixen, B. H. & Jacoby, M. R. (1995). Opinion 3: Can we individualize therapeutic decisions in high-risk patients? [in How should clinicians choose treatment for preventing stroke when therapeutic trials are not available to guide the situation, edited by Louis R. Caplan]. Eur Neurol, 35, 293-308.

Gresham, G. E., Duncan, P. W., Stason, W. B., Adams, Jr., H. P. & et al, (1995). Post-stroke rehabilitation: assessment, referral, and patient management. In United States Agency for Health Care Policy and Research (Eds.) Quick reference guide for clinicians. Rockville, MD: U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Agency for Health Care Policy and Research.

Adams, Jr, H. P. (1995). Use of anticoagulants or antiplatelet aggregating drugs in the prevention of ischemic stroke. Advances in internal medicine, 40, 503-31. PMID: 7747656.

Mayberg, M. R., Batjer, H. H., Dacey, R., Diringer, M., Haley, E. C., Heros, R. C., Sternau, L. L., Torner, J., Adams, H. P. & Feinberg, W. (1994). Guidelines for the management of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. A statement for healthcare professionals from a special writing group of the Stroke Council, American Heart Association. Circulation, 90(5), 2592-605. PMID: 7955232.

Mayberg, M. R., Batjer, H. H., Dacey, R., Diringer, M., Haley, E. C., Heros, R. C., Sternau, L. L., Torner, J., Adams, H. P. & Feinberg, W. (1994). Guidelines for the management of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. A statement for healthcare professionals from a special writing group of the Stroke Council, American Heart Association. Stroke; a journal of cerebral circulation, 25(11), 2315-28. PMID: 7974568.

Furberg, C. D., Adams, H. P., Applegate, W. B., Byington, R. P., Espeland, M. A., Hartwell, T., Hunninghake, D. B., Lefkowitz, D. S., Probstfield, J. & Riley, W. A. (1994). Effect of lovastatin on early carotid atherosclerosis and cardiovascular events. Asymptomatic Carotid Artery Progression Study (ACAPS) Research Group. Circulation, 90(4), 1679-87. PMID: 7734010.

Albanese, M. A., Clarke, W. R., Adams, H. P. & Woolson, R. F. (1994). Ensuring reliability of outcome measures in multicenter clinical trials of treatments for acute ischemic stroke. The program developed for the Trial of Org 10172 in Acute Stroke Treatment (TOAST). Stroke; a journal of cerebral circulation, 25(9), 1746-51. PMID: 8073453.

Adams, H. P., Brott, T. G., Crowell, R. M., Furlan, A. J., Gomez, C. R., Grotta, J., Helgason, C. M., Marler, J. R., Woolson, R. F. & Zivin, J. A. (1994). Guidelines for the management of patients with acute ischemic stroke. A statement for healthcare professionals from a special writing group of the Stroke Council, American Heart Association. Circulation, 90(3), 1588-601. PMID: 8087974.

Adams, H. P., Brott, T. G., Crowell, R. M., Furlan, A. J., Gomez, C. R., Grotta, J., Helgason, C. M., Marler, J. R., Woolson, R. F. & Zivin, J. A. (1994). Guidelines for the management of patients with acute ischemic stroke. A statement for healthcare professionals from a special writing group of the Stroke Council, American Heart Association. Stroke; a journal of cerebral circulation, 25(9), 1901-14. PMID: 8073477.

Adams, H. P., Brott, T. G., Crowell, R. M., Furlan, A. J., Gomez, C. R., Grotta, J., Helgason, C. M., Marler, J. R., Woolson, R. F. & Zivin, J. A. (1994). Guidelines for the management of patients with acute ischemic stroke. A statement for healthcare professionals from a special writing group of the Stroke Council, American Heart Association. Stroke, 25(9), 1901-1914. DOI: 10.1161/01.str.25.9.1901.

Kappelle, L. J., Adams, H. P., Heffner, M. L., Torner, J. C., Gomez, F. & Biller, J. (1994). Prognosis of young adults with ischemic stroke. A long-term follow-up study assessing recurrent vascular events and functional outcome in the Iowa Registry of Stroke in Young Adults. Stroke; a journal of cerebral circulation, 25(7), 1360-5. PMID: 8023350.

Feinberg, W. M., Albers, G. W., Barnett, H. J., Biller, J., Caplan, L. R., Carter, L. P., Hart, R. G., Hobson, R. W., Kronmal, R. A., Moore, W. S., Robertson, J., Adams, H. P. & Mayberg, M. (1994). Guidelines for the management of transient ischemic attacks. From the Ad Hoc Committee on Guidelines for the Management of Transient Ischemic Attacks of the Stroke Council of the American Heart Association. Stroke, 25(6), 1320–1335. PMID: 8203003.

Adams, H. P. (1994). Guidelines for the management of patients with acute ischemic stroke: a synopsis. A Special Writing Group of the Stroke Council, American Heart Association. Heart disease and stroke : a journal for primary care physicians, 3(6), 407-11. PMID: 7850166.

Adams, H. P. (1994). Concluding Remarks. Cerebrovascular Diseases, 4(4), 37-37. DOI: 10.1159/000108571.

Kappelle, L. J., Adams, H. P. (1994). Treatment of small deep infarcts of the brain. Heart disease and stroke : a journal for primary care physicians, 3(1), 47-51. PMID: 8137064.

Adams, Jr., H. P. (1994). Avoiding bias in clinical trials in cerebrovascular disease. (Vols. 2). (2-3) Ottawa Stroke Trials Registry Newsletter.

Adams, Jr., H. P., Gomez, F. J. (1994). Subarachnoid hemorrhage in young adults. In J. Biller , K. D. Mathews , B. B. Love (Eds.) Stroke in children and young adults. pp. Chapter 14. Boston, MA: Butterworth-Heinemann.

Adams, H. P., Bendixen, B. H. (1993). Low- versus high-dose aspirin in prevention of ischemic stroke. Clinical neuropharmacology, 16(6), 485-500. PMID: 9377584.

Hata, J. S., Ayres, R. W., Biller, J., Adams, H. P., Stuhlmuller, J. E., Burns, T. L., Kerber, R. E. & Vandenberg, B. F. (1993). Impact of transesophageal echocardiography on the anticoagulation management of patients admitted with focal cerebral ischemia. The American journal of cardiology, 72(9), 707-10. PMID: 8249849.

Adams, H. P. (1993). Trials of trials in acute ischemic stroke. The Humana Lecture. Stroke; a journal of cerebral circulation, 24(9), 1410-5. PMID: 8362441.

Gordon, D. L., Bendixen, B. H., Adams, H. P., Clarke, W., Kappelle, L. J. & Woolson, R. F. (1993). Interphysician agreement in the diagnosis of subtypes of acute ischemic stroke: implications for clinical trials. The TOAST Investigators. Neurology, 43(5), 1021-7. PMID: 8492920.

Haley, E. C., Kassell, N. F. & Torner, J. C. (1993). A randomized trial of nicardipine in subarachnoid hemorrhage: angiographic and transcranial Doppler ultrasound results. A report of the Cooperative Aneurysm Study. Journal of Neurosurgery, 78(4), 548–553. PMID: 8450327.

Adams, H. P. (1993). Handbook of Cerebrovascular Diseases. New York: Marcel Dekker.

Adams, H. P., Bendixen, B. H., Kappelle, L. J., Biller, J., Love, B. B., Gordon, D. L. & Marsh, E. E. (1993). Classification of subtype of acute ischemic stroke. Definitions for use in a multicenter clinical trial. TOAST. Trial of Org 10172 in Acute Stroke Treatment. Stroke; a journal of cerebral circulation, 24(1), 35-41. PMID: 7678184.

Kappelle, L. J., Adams, H. P., Torner, J. C. & Bendixen, B. H. (1993). Physician Attitudes towards Acute Stroke – A Comparison of Primary Care Physicians in Iowa and The Netherlands. Cerebrovascular Diseases, 3(6), 364-369. DOI: 10.1159/000108732.

Adams, Jr., H. P., Bendixen, B. H. & Kappelle, J. (1993). Asymptomatic cartoid artery stenosis: evaluation and treatment. In H. P. Adams, Jr. (Eds.) Handbook of cerebrovascular diseases. pp. 13-34. New York: Dekker.

Adams, Jr., H. P. (1993). Medical management options to prevent ischemic stroke. In H. P. Adams, Jr. (Eds.) Handbook of cerebrovascular diseases. pp. 359-384. New York: Dekker.

(1992). Guidelines for cardiopulmonary resuscitation and emergency cardiac care. Emergency Cardiac Care Committee and Subcommittees, American Heart Association. Part II. Adult basic life support. JAMA, 268(16), 2184–2198. PMID: 1404768.

(1992). Guidelines for cardiopulmonary resuscitation and emergency cardiac care. Emergency Cardiac Care Committee and Subcommittees, American Heart Association. Part III. Adult advanced cardiac life support. JAMA, 268(16), 2199–2241. PMID: 1404769.

ACAPS Group, (1992). Rationale and design for the Asymptomatic Carotid Artery Plaque Study (ACAPS). The ACAPS Group. Controlled Clinical Trials, 13(4), 293–314. PMID: 1330434.

Adams, H. P. (1992). Prevention of brain ischemia after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. Neurologic clinics, 10(1), 251-68. PMID: 1557006.

Adams, H. P., Woolson, R. F., Biller, J. & Clarke, W. (1992). Studies of Org 10172 in patients with acute ischemic stroke. TOAST Study Group. Haemostasis, 22(2), 99-103. PMID: 1379970.

Adams, H. P. (1992). Management of Acute Ischemic Stroke. In Heart-Brain Interactions. pp. 199-207. Springer Nature. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-76652-7_23.

Grotta, J. C., Norris, J. W. & Kamm, B. (1992). Prevention of stroke with ticlopidine: who benefits most? TASS Baseline and Angiographic Data Subgroup. Neurology, 42(1), 111-5. PMID: 1734290.

Adams, Jr., H. (1992). When a ruptured aneurysm causes subarachnoid hemorrhage. IM - Internal Medicine, 13(12), 42–46+51.

The Stroke Prevention in Atrial Fibrillation Investigators, (1992). Predictors of thromboembolism in atrial fibrillation: I. Clinical features of patients at risk. The Stroke Prevention in Atrial Fibrillation Investigators. Annals of Internal Medicine, 116(1), 1–5. PMID: 1727091.

The Stroke Prevention in Atrial Fibrillation Investigators, (1992). Predictors of thromboembolism in atrial fibrillation: II. Echocardiographic features of patients at risk. The Stroke Prevention in Atrial Fibrillation Investigators. Annals of Internal Medicine, 116(1), 6–12. PMID: 1727097.

Adams, Jr., H. P., Love, B. B. (1992). Medical management of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. In H. J. Barnett , et al (Eds.) Stroke: pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management. (2nd edition), pp. 1029-1054. New York: Churchill Livingstone.

Russell, J. W., Biller, J., Hajduczok, Z. D., Jones, M. P., Kerber, R. E. & Adams, H. P. (1991). Ischemic cerebrovascular complications and risk factors in idiopathic hypertrophic subaortic stenosis. Stroke; a journal of cerebral circulation, 22(9), 1143-7. PMID: 1822968.

Adams, H. P., Gordon, D. L. (1991). Epidemiology of and stroke-preventive strategies for atherothromboembolic brain infarction in the elderly. Clinics in geriatric medicine, 7(3), 401-16. PMID: 1868399.

Collaborators*, North American Symptomatic Carotid Endarterectomy Trial, (1991). Beneficial Effect of Carotid Endarterectomy in Symptomatic Patients with High-Grade Carotid Stenosis. New England Journal of Medicine, 325(7), 445–453. PMID: 1852179.

Stroke Prevention in Atrial Fibrillation Investigators, (1991). Stroke Prevention in Atrial Fibrillation Study. Final results. Circulation, 84(2), 527–539. PMID: 1860198.

Gordon, D. L., Hayreh, S. S. & Adams, H. P. (1991). Microangiopathy of the brain, retina, and ear: improvement without immunosuppressive therapy. Stroke; a journal of cerebral circulation, 22(7), 933-7. PMID: 1853414.

Adams, H. P. (1991). Carotid endarterectomy: a safe and effective therapy for elderly patients. Mayo Clinic proceedings. Mayo Clinic, 66(5), 539-43. PMID: 2030621.

Adams, H. P., Gordon, D. L. (1991). Nonaneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. Annals of neurology, 29(5), 461-2. PMID: 1859175.

Biller, J., Adams, H. P., Bruno, A., Love, B. B. & Marsh, E. E. (1991). Mortality in acute cerebral infarction in young adults--a ten-year experience. Angiology, 42(3), 224-30. PMID: 2018244.

Marsh, E. E., Biller, J., Adams, H. P. & Kaplan, J. M. (1991). Cerebral infarction in patients with nephrotic syndrome. Stroke; a journal of cerebral circulation, 22(1), 90-3. PMID: 1987676.

Struck, L. K., Biller, J., Bruno, A., Neiman, R. F., Loftus, C. M., Yuh, W. T., Marsh, III, E. E. & Adams, H. P. (1991). Superior Cerebellar Artery Territory Infarction. Cerebrovascular Diseases, 1(2), 71-75. DOI: 10.1159/000108820.

Kaplan, J. M., Biller, J. & Adams, H. P. (1991). Outcome in Nonseptic Spontaneous Superior Sagittal Sinus Thrombosis in Adults. Cerebrovascular Diseases, 1(4), 231-234. DOI: 10.1159/000108848.

Adams, H. P. (1991). Investigation of the Patient with Ischemic Stroke. Cerebrovascular Diseases, 1(1), 54-60. DOI: 10.1159/000108898.

Bruno, A., Adams, H., Biller, J., Graff-Radford, N. & Grimsman, K. (1991). Carotid artery findings associated with infarcts in different carotid vascular territories. Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases, 1(2), 99-102. DOI: 10.1016/s1052-3057(11)80009-1.

Eugene Marsh, E., Biller, J., Tranel, D., Adams, H. P. & Knepper, L. E. (1991). Etiology of stroke in Broca's aphasia. Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases, 1(2), 57-60. DOI: 10.1016/s1052-3057(11)80001-7.

Adams, H. P., Woolson, R. F. (1991). Clinical trials in acute ischemic stroke: Problems in design and interpretation. Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases, 1(3), 134-141. DOI: 10.1016/s1052-3057(10)80005-9.

Adams, H. P., Kassell, N. F., Boarini, D. J. & Kongable, G. (1991). The clinical spectrum of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases, 1(1), 3-8. DOI: 10.1016/s1052-3057(11)80014-5.

Adams, Jr., H. P., Biller, J. (1991). Ischemic cerebrovascular disease. In W. G. Bradley , et al (Eds.) Neurology in clinical practice. Vol. 2 : The neurological disorders. pp. 907-939. Boston, MA: Butterworth-Heinemann.

Biller, J., Adams, Jr., H. P. (1991). Transient ischemic attacks. In J. P. Kassirer (Eds.) Current therapy in internal medicine. (3rd edition), pp. 329-333. Philadelphia, PA: Dekker.

Gordon, D. L., Linhardt, R. & Adams, H. P. (1990). Low-molecular-weight heparins and heparinoids and their use in acute or progressing ischemic stroke. Clinical neuropharmacology, 13(6), 522-43. PMID: 1703455.

Adams, H. P. (1990). Calcium antagonists in the management of patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage: a review. Angiology, 41(11 Pt 2), 1010-6. PMID: 2248423.

Marsh, E. E., Biller, J., Adams, H. P., Marler, J. R., Hulbert, J. R., Love, B. B. & Gordon, D. L. (1990). Circadian variation in onset of acute ischemic stroke. Archives of neurology, 47(11), 1178-80. PMID: 2241613.

Greene, G. M., Godersky, J. C., Biller, J., Hart, M. N. & Adams, H. P. (1990). Surgical experience with cerebral amyloid angiopathy. Stroke; a journal of cerebral circulation, 21(11), 1545-9. PMID: 2237947.

Bruno, A., Biller, J., Adams, H. P. & Corbett, J. J. (1990). Retinal infarction during sleep and wakefulness. Stroke; a journal of cerebral circulation, 21(10), 1494-6. PMID: 2219216.

Massey, E. W., Biller, J., Davis, J. N., Adams, H. P., Marler, J. R., Goldstein, L. B., Alberts, M. & Bruno, A. (1990). Large-dose infusions of heparinoid ORG 10172 in ischemic stroke. Stroke; a journal of cerebral circulation, 21(9), 1289-92. PMID: 2396265.

Biller, J., Love, B. B., Marsh, E. E., Jones, M. P., Knepper, L. E., Jiang, D., Adams, H. P. & Gordon, D. L. (1990). Spontaneous improvement after acute ischemic stroke. A pilot study. Stroke; a journal of cerebral circulation, 21(7), 1008-12. PMID: 2368100.

Kassell, N. F., Torner, J. C., Jane, J. A., Haley, Jr, E. C. & Adams, H. P. (1990). The International Cooperative Study on the Timing of Aneurysm Surgery. Part 2: Surgical results. Journal of neurosurgery, 73(1), 37-47. PMID: 2191091.

Kassell, N. F., Torner, J. C., Haley, Jr, E. C., Jane, J. A., Adams, H. P. & Kongable, G. L. (1990). The International Cooperative Study on the Timing of Aneurysm Surgery. Part 1: Overall management results. Journal of neurosurgery, 73(1), 18-36. PMID: 2191090.

Love, B. B., Biller, J., Jones, M. P., Adams, H. P. & Bruno, A. (1990). Cigarette smoking. A risk factor for cerebral infarction in young adults. Archives of neurology, 47(6), 693-8. PMID: 2189378.

Olinger, C. P., Adams, H. P., Brott, T. G., Biller, J., Barsan, W. G., Toffol, G. J., Eberle, R. W. & Marler, J. R. (1990). High-dose intravenous naloxone for the treatment of acute ischemic stroke. Stroke; a journal of cerebral circulation, 21(5), 721-5. PMID: 2339451.

Loes, D. J., Biller, J., Yuh, W. T., Hart, M. N., Godersky, J. C., Adams, H. P., Keefauver, S. P. & Tranel, D. (1990). Leukoencephalopathy in cerebral amyloid angiopathy: MR imaging in four cases. AJNR. American journal of neuroradiology, 11(3), 485-8. PMID: 2112312.

(1990). Preliminary Report of the Stroke Prevention in Atrial Fibrillation Study. New England Journal of Medicine, 322(12), 863-868. DOI: 10.1056/nejm199003223221232.

Keyser, D. L., Biller, J., Coffman, T. T. & Adams, H. P. (1990). Neurologic complications of late prosthetic valve endocarditis. Stroke; a journal of cerebral circulation, 21(3), 472-5. PMID: 2309273.

Wiebers, D. O., Adams, H. P. & Whisnant, J. P. (1990). Animal models of stroke: are they relevant to human disease?. Stroke; a journal of cerebral circulation, 21(1), 1-3. PMID: 2405545.

Knepper, L., Biller, J., Adams, H. P., Yuh, W., Ryals, T. & Godersky, J. (1990). MR imaging of basilar artery occlusion. Journal of computer assisted tomography, 14(1), 32-5. PMID: 2298993.

Bruno, A., Corbett, J. J., Biller, J., Adams, H. P. & Qualls, C. (1990). Transient monocular visual loss patterns and associated vascular abnormalities. Stroke; a journal of cerebral circulation, 21(1), 34-9. PMID: 2300989.

Adams, Jr., H., Hass, W., Easton, J., Pryse-Philipps, W., Mo lony, B., Anderson, S. & Kamm, B. (1990). Results of the ticlopidine-aspirin stroke study. Sang Thrombose Vaisseaux, 2(4 SUPPL.), 28–30.

Adams, Jr., H. P. (1990). Management of acute cerebral infarction. In P. R. Weinstein , A. I. Faden (Eds.) Protection of the brain from ischemia. pp. 151-161. Baltimore, MD: Williams & Wilkins.

Biller, J., Adams, Jr., H. P. (1990). Transient ischemic attacks. In R. T. Johnson (Eds.) Current therapy in neurologic disease--3. pp. 173-177. Philadelphia, PA: B.C. Decker.

Marsh III, E. E., Adams, Jr., H. P. (1990). Transient ischemic attacks. In C. W. Barton , H. M. Schumaker , M. L. Callaham (Eds.) Decision making in emergency medicine. pp. 314-315. Philadelphia, PA: Decker.

Marsh III, E. E., Adams, Jr., H. P. (1990). Cerebral infarction. In C. W. Barton , H. M. Schumaker , M. L. Callaham (Eds.) Decision making in emergency medicine. pp. 316-317. Philadelphia, PA: Decker.

Knepper, L. E., Biller, J., Tranel, D., Adams, H. P. & Marsh, E. E. (1989). Etiology of stroke in patients with Wernicke's aphasia. Stroke; a journal of cerebral circulation, 20(12), 1730-2. PMID: 2595736.

Marsh, E. E., Adams, H. P., Biller, J., Wasek, P., Banwart, K., Mitchell, V. & Woolson, R. (1989). Use of antithrombotic drugs in the treatment of acute ischemic stroke: a survey of neurologists in practice in the United States. Neurology, 39(12), 1631-4. PMID: 2586780.

Adams, H. P., Amery, W. K. (1989). Clinical trial methodology in stroke. Stroke; a journal of cerebral circulation, 20(9), 1276-8. PMID: 2672429.

Hass, W. K., Easton, J. D., Adams, H. P., Pryse-Phillips, W., Molony, B. A., Anderson, S. & Kamm, B. (1989). A randomized trial comparing ticlopidine hydrochloride with aspirin for the prevention of stroke in high-risk patients. Ticlopidine Aspirin Stroke Study Group. The New England journal of medicine, 321(8), 501-7. PMID: 2761587.

Barsan, W. G., Olinger, C. P., Adams, H. P., Brott, T. G., Eberle, R., Biller, J., Biros, M. & Marler, J. (1989). Use of high dose naloxone in acute stroke: possible side-effects. Critical care medicine, 17(8), 762-7. PMID: 2752771.

Graff-Radford, N. R., Torner, J., Adams, H. P. & Kassell, N. F. (1989). Factors associated with hydrocephalus after subarachnoid hemorrhage. A report of the Cooperative Aneurysm Study. Archives of neurology, 46(7), 744-52. PMID: 2742543.

Brott, T., Adams, H. P., Olinger, C. P., Marler, J. R., Barsan, W. G., Biller, J., Spilker, J., Holleran, R., Eberle, R. & Hertzberg, V. (1989). Measurements of acute cerebral infarction: a clinical examination scale. Stroke; a journal of cerebral circulation, 20(7), 864-70. PMID: 2749846.

Brott, T., Marler, J. R., Olinger, C. P., Adams, H. P., Tomsick, T., Barsan, W. G., Biller, J., Eberle, R., Hertzberg, V. & Walker, M. (1989). Measurements of acute cerebral infarction: lesion size by computed tomography. Stroke; a journal of cerebral circulation, 20(7), 871-5. PMID: 2749847.

Gent, M., Blakely, J. A., Easton, J. D., Ellis, D. J., Hachinski, V. C., Harbison, J. W., Panak, E., Roberts, R. S., Sicurella, J. & Turpie, A. G. (1989). The Canadian American Ticlopidine Study (CATS) in thromboembolic stroke. Lancet (London, England), 1(8649), 1215–1220. PMID: 2566778.

Bruno, A., Graff-Radford, N. R., Biller, J. & Adams, H. P. (1989). Anterior choroidal artery territory infarction: a small vessel disease. Stroke; a journal of cerebral circulation, 20(5), 616-9. PMID: 2718201.

Biller, J., Bruno, A., Adams, H. P., Godersky, J. C., Loftus, C. M., Mitchell, V. L., Banwart, K. J. & Jones, M. P. (1989). A randomized trial of aspirin or heparin in hospitalized patients with recent transient ischemic attacks. A pilot study. Stroke; a journal of cerebral circulation, 20(4), 441-7. PMID: 2648650.

Warner, D. S., Sokoll, M. D., Maktabi, M., Godersky, J. C. & Adams, H. P. (1989). Nicardipine HCl: clinical experience in patients undergoing anaesthesia for intracranial aneurysm clipping. Canadian journal of anaesthesia = Journal canadien d'anesthésie, 36(2), 219-23. PMID: 2706715.

Biller, J., Massey, E. W., Marler, J. R., Adams, H. P., Davis, J. N., Bruno, A., Henriksen, R. A., Linhardt, R. J., Goldstein, L. B. & Alberts, M. (1989). A dose escalation study of ORG 10172 (low molecular weight heparinoid) in stroke. Neurology, 39(2 Pt 1), 262-5. PMID: 2464774.

Tomsick, T. A., Brott, T. G., Olinger, C. P., Barsan, W., Spilker, J., Eberle, R. & Adams, H. (1989). Hyperdense middle cerebral artery: incidence and quantitative significance. Neuroradiology, 31(4), 312-5. PMID: 2797422.

Adams, H. P., Marsh, E. E. (1989). Intraparenchymal hemorrhage. Current Opinion in Neurology & Neurosurgery, 2(1), 52-60.

Biller, J., Adams, H. P. (1989). Non-infectious granulomatous angiitis of the central nervous system. In P. J. Vinken , G. W. Bruyn , H. L. Klawans , J. F. Toole (Eds.) Handbook of Clinical Neurology. pp. 387–400. New York: Elsevier.

Adams, Jr., H. P. (1989). Diagnosi clinica differenziole tra ischemia cerebrale cardioembolica e aterotrombotica in Ischemia Cerebrale e Cardiopate. In G. Pinelli , G. Di Pasquale (Eds.) Ischemia cerebrale e cardiopatie. pp. 43-47. Roma: Il Pensiero Scientifico.

Adams, Jr., H. P. (1989). Medical treatment of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. In M. Fisher (Eds.) Medical therapy of acute stroke. pp. 253-280. New York: Dekker.

Adams, Jr., H. P., Biller, J. (1989). Stroke. In American Academy of Family Physicians (Eds.) AAFP home study a self assessment. (1989) Kansas City, MO: American Academy of Family Physicians.

Adams, Jr., H. P., Hass, W. K., Easton, J. D., Molony, B. A. & Ticlopidine-Aspirin Stroke Study Group, (1989). The Ticlopidine-Aspirin stroke study. In Excerpta Medica. (1989) Amsterdam: Excerpta Medica.

Adams, Jr., H. P., Torner, J. C. (1989). Statistical considerations of trials of management of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemmorrhage. In W. K. Amery , M. Bousser , F. C. Rose (Eds.) Clinical trial methodology in stroke. pp. 148-165. London: Bailliere Tindall.

Barsan, W. G., Brott, T. G., Olinger, C. P., Adams, H. P., Haley, E. C. & Levy, D. E. (1988). Identification and entry of the patient with acute cerebral infarction. Annals of emergency medicine, 17(11), 1192-5. PMID: 3142316.

Knepper, L. E., Biller, J., Adams, H. P. & Bruno, A. (1988). Neurologic manifestations of atrial myxoma. A 12-year experience and review. Stroke; a journal of cerebral circulation, 19(11), 1435-40. PMID: 3188128.

Adams, H. P., Kassell, N. F., Kongable, G. A. & Torner, J. C. (1988). Intracranial operation within seven days of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. Results in 150 patients. Archives of neurology, 45(10), 1065-9. PMID: 3178527.

Biller, J., Godersky, J. C. & Adams, H. P. (1988). Management of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. Stroke; a journal of cerebral circulation, 19(10), 1300-5. PMID: 3176090.

Bruno, A., Adams, H. P., Biller, J., Rezai, K., Cornell, S. & Aschenbrener, C. A. (1988). Cerebral infarction due to moyamoya disease in young adults. Stroke; a journal of cerebral circulation, 19(7), 826-33. PMID: 3260417.

Bruno, A., Adams, H. P. (1988). Neurologic problems in renal transplant recipients. Neurologic clinics, 6(2), 305-25. PMID: 3047543.

Loftus, C. M., Biller, J., Godersky, J. C., Adams, H. P., Yamada, T. & Edwards, P. S. (1988). Carotid endarterectomy in symptomatic elderly patients. Neurosurgery, 22(4), 676-80. PMID: 3374779.

Adams, H. P., Olinger, C. P., Marler, J. R., Biller, J., Brott, T. G., Barsan, W. G. & Banwart, K. (1988). Comparison of admission serum glucose concentration with neurologic outcome in acute cerebral infarction. A study in patients given naloxone. Stroke; a journal of cerebral circulation, 19(4), 455-8. PMID: 3363574.

Flamm, E. S., Adams, H. P., Beck, D. W., Pinto, R. S., Marler, J. R., Walker, M. D., Godersky, J. C., Loftus, C. M., Biller, J. & Boarini, D. J. (1988). Dose-escalation study of intravenous nicardipine in patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. Journal of neurosurgery, 68(3), 393-400. PMID: 3343611.

Biller, J., Yuh, W. T., Mitchell, G. W., Bruno, A. & Adams, H. P. (1988). Early diagnosis of basilar artery occlusion using magnetic resonance imaging. Stroke; a journal of cerebral circulation, 19(3), 297-306. PMID: 3354012.

Bruno, A., Yuh, W. T., Biller, J., Adams, H. P. & Cornell, S. H. (1988). Magnetic resonance imaging in young adults with cerebral infarction due to moyamoya. Archives of neurology, 45(3), 303-6. PMID: 3341954.

Beck, D. W., Adams, H. P., Flamm, E. S., Godersky, J. C. & Loftus, C. M. (1988). Combination of aminocaproic acid and nicardipine in treatment of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. Stroke; a journal of cerebral circulation, 19(1), 63-7. PMID: 3336904.

Biller, J., Jones, M. P., Bruno, A., Adams, H. P. & Banwart, K. (1988). Seasonal variation of stroke--does it exist?. Neuroepidemiology, 7(2), 89-98. PMID: 3374731.

Adams, H. P., Torner, J. C., Haley, E. C. & Kassell, N. F. (1988). Predicting cerebral ischemia after subarachnoid hemorrhage. Influences of CT, neurological condition and antifibrinolytic therapy. In R. H. Wilkins (Eds.) Cerebral Vasospasm. pp. 1-7. New York: Raven Press.

Flamm, E. S., Adams, H. P. (1988). Nicardipine for prevention of cerebral vasospasm and infarction following aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. Results of a dose escalation study. In R. H. Wilkins (Eds.) Cerebral Vasospasm. pp. 495-501. New York: Raven Press.

Adams, Jr., H. P. (1988). Diagnosis approach for patients with acute cerebral ischemia. In A. Andreoli (Eds.) Vasculopathe Cerebrali Ischemiche. pp. 13-27. Verona: Edizioni Libreria.

Adams, Jr., H. P. (1988). Medical treatment of acute cerebral infarction. In A. Andreoli (Eds.) Vasculopathe Cerebrali Ischemiche. pp. 67-73. Verona: Edizioni Libreria.

Adams, Jr., H. P. (1988). Centers for acute treatment of stroke. In A. Andreoli (Eds.) Vasculopathe Cerebrali Ischemiche. pp. 75-78. Verona: Edizioni Libreria.

Adams, Jr., H. P., Biller, J. (1988). Hemorrhagic intracranial vascular disease. In R. J. Joynt (Eds.) Clinical Neurology. (Revised edition, 1988), pp. 16:1-64. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott.

Biller, J., Toffol, G. J., Kassell, N. F., Adams, H. P., Beck, D. W. & Boarini, D. J. (1987). Spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage in young adults. Neurosurgery, 21(5), 664-7. PMID: 3696399.

Adams, H. P., Kassell, N. F., Torner, J. C. & Haley, E. C. (1987). Predicting cerebral ischemia after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage: influences of clinical condition, CT results, and antifibrinolytic therapy. A report of the Cooperative Aneurysm Study. Neurology, 37(10), 1586-91. PMID: 3658161.

Biller, J., Johnson, M. R., Adams, H. P., Kerber, R. E., Corbett, J. J., Bruno, A. & Leth, R. J. (1987). Further observations on cerebral or retinal ischemia in patients with right-left intracardiac shunts. Archives of neurology, 44(7), 740-3. PMID: 3593064.

Toffol, G. J., Biller, J. & Adams, H. P. (1987). Nontraumatic intracerebral hemorrhage in young adults. Archives of neurology, 44(5), 483-5. PMID: 3579658.

Biller, J., Adams, H. P. (1987). Diagnosis of stroke in young adults. Postgraduate medicine, 81(5), 141-4, 149-51. PMID: 3562368.

Adams, Jr., H. P. (1987). Recent developments in the diagnosis and treatment of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemmorrhage. Key Neurology and Neurosurgery, 9.

Tranel, D., Biller, J., Damasio, H., Adams, H. P. & Cornell, S. H. (1987). Global aphasia without hemiparesis. Archives of neurology, 44(3), 304-8. PMID: 3827682.

Smoker, W. R., Biller, J., Hingtgen, W. L., Adams, H. P. & Toffol, G. J. (1987). Angiography of nonhemorrhagic cerebral infarction in young adults. Stroke; a journal of cerebral circulation, 18(4), 708-11. PMID: 3603596.

Adams, H. P. (1987). Antifibrinolytics in aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. Do they have a role? Maybe. Archives of neurology, 44(1), 114-5. PMID: 3800711.

Biller, J., Ionasescu, V., Zellweger, H., Adams, H. P. & Schultz, D. T. (1987). Frequency of cerebral infarction in patients with inherited neuromuscular diseases. Stroke; a journal of cerebral circulation, 18(4), 805-7. PMID: 3603608.

Kassel, N. F., Boarini, D. J. & Adams, Jr, H. P. (1987). Intracranial and cervical vascular injuries. In P. R. Cooper (Eds.) Head Injury. (2nd), pp. 327–54. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins.

Adams, Jr., H. P., Biller, J. (1987). Diagnosis and treatment of transient ischemic attacks. Modern Medicine, 54-61.

Adams, Jr., H. P., Toffol, G. (1987). Cerebral infarction and transient ischemic attack. In Current Therapy in Emergency Medicine. (1987), pp. 306-309. Toronto: B.C. Decker.

Bruno, A., Adams, Jr., H. P. (1987). Role of calcium ion blockers in aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. Hosp Therapy, 12, 58-65.

Biller, J., Hingtgen, W. L., Adams, H. P., Smoker, W. R., Godersky, J. C. & Toffol, G. J. (1986). Cervicocephalic arterial dissections. A ten-year experience. Archives of neurology, 43(12), 1234-8. PMID: 3778258.

Biller, J., Adams, H. P., Johnson, M. R., Kerber, R. E. & Toffol, G. J. (1986). Paradoxical cerebral embolism: eight cases. Neurology, 36(10), 1356-60. PMID: 3762944.

Adams, H. P. (1986). Antifibrinolytic therapy for prevention of recurrent aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. Seminars in neurology, 6(3), 309-15. PMID: 3332435.

Adams, H. P., Butler, M. J., Biller, J. & Toffol, G. J. (1986). Nonhemorrhagic cerebral infarction in young adults. Archives of neurology, 43(8), 793-6. PMID: 3729759.

Biller, J., Adams, H. P. (1986). Cerebrovascular disorders associated with pregnancy. American family physician, 33(6), 125-32. PMID: 3716965.

Butler, M. J., Adams, H. P. & Hiratzka, L. F. (1986). Recurrent cerebral embolism from a right atrial myxoma. Annals of neurology, 19(6), 608-9. PMID: 3729317.

Biller, J., Adams, H. P., Boarini, D., Godersky, J. C., Smoker, W. R. & Kongable, G. (1986). Intraluminal clot of the carotid artery. A clinical-angiographic correlation of nine patients and literature review. Surgical neurology, 25(5), 467-77. PMID: 3961664.

Sand, J. J., Biller, J., Corbett, J. J., Adams, H. P. & Dunn, V. (1986). Partial dorsal mesencephalic hemorrhages: report of three cases. Neurology, 36(4), 529-33. PMID: 3960328.

Simmons, Z., Biller, J., Adams, H. P., Dunn, V. & Jacoby, C. G. (1986). Cerebellar infarction: comparison of computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. Annals of neurology, 19(3), 291-3. PMID: 3963774.

Adams, H. P., Dawson, G., Coffman, T. J. & Corry, R. J. (1986). Stroke in renal transplant recipients. Archives of neurology, 43(2), 113-5. PMID: 3511893.

Adams, H. P., Olinger, C. P., Barsan, W. G., Butler, M. J., Graff-Radford, N. R., Brott, T. G., Biller, J., Damasio, H., Tomsick, T. & Goldberg, M. (1986). A dose-escalation study of large doses of naloxone for treatment of patients with acute cerebral ischemia. Stroke; a journal of cerebral circulation, 17(3), 404-9. PMID: 3715936.

Biller, J., Adams, H. P., Dunn, V., Simmons, Z. & Jacoby, C. G. (1986). Dichotomy between clinical findings and MR abnormalities in pontine infarction. Journal of computer assisted tomography, 10(3), 379-85. PMID: 3700737.

Adams, H. P. (1986). Early management of the patient with recent aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. Stroke; a journal of cerebral circulation, 17(6), 1068-70. PMID: 3810703.

Biller, J., Johnson, M. R., Adams, H. P., Kerber, R. E., Toffol, G. J. & Butler, M. J. (1986). Echocardiographic evaluation of young adults with nonhemorrhagic cerebral infarction. Stroke; a journal of cerebral circulation, 17(4), 608-12. PMID: 3738939.

Toffol, G. J., Biller, J. & Adams, H. P. (1986). Interhemispheric subdural hematoma. The Journal of emergency medicine, 4(2), 103-7. PMID: 3794268.

Ross, M. A., Biller, J., Adams, H. P. & Dunn, V. (1986). Magnetic resonance imaging in Wallenberg's lateral medullary syndrome. Stroke; a journal of cerebral circulation, 17(3), 542-5. PMID: 3715957.

Biller, J., Graff-Radford, N. R., Smoker, W. R., Adams, H. P. & Johnston, P. (1986). MR imaging in "lacunar" hemiballismus. Journal of computer assisted tomography, 10(5), 793-7. PMID: 3745551.

Biller, J., Gentry, L. R., Adams, H. P. & Morris, D. C. (1986). Spontaneous hemorrhage in the medulla oblongata: clinical MR correlations. Journal of computer assisted tomography, 10(2), 303-6. PMID: 3950157.

Toffol, G. J., Biller, J., Adams, H. P. & Smoker, W. R. (1986). The predicted value of arteriography in nontraumatic intracerebral hemorrhage. Stroke; a journal of cerebral circulation, 17(5), 881-3. PMID: 3764958.

Flamm, E. S., Adams, Jr., H. P. (1986). The use of calcium channel blocker nicardipine for subarachnoid hemorrhage. In H. Kikuchi (Eds.) Intracranial aneurysms : surgical timing and techniques : proceedings of the First International Workshop on Intracranial Aneurysms (IWIA) held on 2-4 April 1986 in Tokyo. pp. 216-227. Niigata: Nishimura.

Biller, J., Sand, J. J., Corbett, J. J., Adams, H. P. & Dunn, V. (1985). Syndrome of the paramedian thalamic arteries: clinical and neuroimaging correlation. Journal of clinical neuro-ophthalmology, 5(4), 217-23. PMID: 2934424.

Adams, H. P., The EC/IC Bypass Study Group, (1985). Failure of Extracranial–Intracranial Arterial Bypass to Reduce the Risk of Ischemic Stroke. New England Journal of Medicine, 313(19), 1191–1200. PMID: 2865674.

Putman, S. F., Adams, H. P. (1985). Usefulness of heparin in initial management of patients with recent transient ischemic attacks. Archives of neurology, 42(10), 960-2. PMID: 4038103.

Graff-Radford, N. R., Adams, H. P., Smoker, W. R., Biller, J. & Boarini, D. J. (1985). Unruptured fusiform aneurysms of the posterior circulation with thalamic infarction. Neurosurgery, 17(3), 495-9. PMID: 4047364.

Adams, H. P., Kassell, N. F. & Torner, J. C. (1985). Usefulness of computed tomography in predicting outcome after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage: a preliminary report of the Cooperative Aneurysm Study. Neurology, 35(9), 1263-7. PMID: 4022373.

Yamada, T., Graff-Radford, N. R., Kimura, J., Dickins, Q. S. & Adams, H. P. (1985). Topographic analysis of somatosensory evoked potentials in patients with well-localized thalamic infarctions. Journal of the neurological sciences, 68(1), 31-46. PMID: 3989579.

Kassell, N. F., Kongable, G. L., Torner, J. C., Adams, H. P. & Mazuz, H. (1985). Delay in referral of patients with ruptured aneurysms to neurosurgical attention. Stroke; a journal of cerebral circulation, 16(4), 587-90. PMID: 4024172.

Biller, J., Adams, H. P., Godersky, J. C. & Johnson, R. (1985). Preeclampsia complicated by cerebral hemorrhage and brain abscess. Journal of neurology, 232(6), 378-80. PMID: 4078605.

Kimura, J., Wilkinson, J., Damasio, H., Adams, H. R., Shivapour, E. & Yamada, T. (1985). Blink reflex in patients with hemispheric cerebrovascular accident (CVA). Journal of the Neurological Sciences, 67(1), 15-28. DOI: 10.1016/0022-510x(85)90018-8.

Torner, J., Kassell, N., Adams, H., Woolson, R. & Frankowski, R. (1985). Reliability of neurological grading scales in subarachnoid hemorrhage: Report of the Cooperative Aneurysm Study. In F. Plum , W. Pulsinelli (Eds.) Cerebrovascular diseases. pp. 77-82. New York: Raven Press.

Tippin, J., Adams, H. P. & Smoker, W. R. (1984). Early computed tomographic abnormalities following profound cerebral hypoxia. Archives of neurology, 41(10), 1098-100. PMID: 6477220.

Adams, H. P., Putman, S. F., Kassell, N. F. & Torner, J. C. (1984). Prevalence of diabetes mellitus among patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage. Archives of neurology, 41(10), 1033-5. PMID: 6477209.

Adams, H. (1984). Clinical Manifestations and Diagnosis of Subarachnoid Hemorrhage. Seminars in Neurology, 4(03), 304-314. DOI: 10.1055/s-2008-1041562.

Adams, H. (1984). Medical Management of the Patient with Recent Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage. Seminars in Neurology, 4(03), 343-353. DOI: 10.1055/s-2008-1041564.

Kassell, N. F., Torner, J. C. & Adams, H. P. (1984). Antifibrinolytic therapy in the acute period following aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. Preliminary observations from the Cooperative Aneurysm Study. Journal of neurosurgery, 61(2), 225-30. PMID: 6737046.

Damasio, H., Eslinger, P. & Adams, H. (1984). Aphasia Following Basal Ganglia Lesions: New Evidence. Seminars in Neurology, 4(02), 151-161. DOI: 10.1055/s-2008-1041544.

Adams, H. P., Kassell, N. F. & Mazuz, H. (1984). The patient with transient ischemic attacks--is this the time for a new therapeutic approach?. Stroke; a journal of cerebral circulation, 15(2), 371-5. PMID: 6230779.

Boarini, D. J., Kassell, N. F. & Adams, Jr., H. P. (1984). Parenchymatous hemorrhage in the brain. In R. F. Edlich , B. B. Haury & D. A. Spkyer (Eds.) Current Emergency Therapy '84. pp. 648-651. Norwalk, CT: Appleton-Century-Crofts.

Adams, H. P., Kassell, N. F., Torner, J. C. & Sahs, A. L. (1983). CT and clinical correlations in recent aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage: a preliminary report of the Cooperative Aneurysm Study. Neurology, 33(8), 981-8. PMID: 6683821.

Adams, H. P., Putman, S. F., Corbett, J. J., Sires, B. P. & Thompson, H. S. (1983). Amaurosis fugax: the results of arteriography in 59 patients. Stroke; a journal of cerebral circulation, 14(5), 742-4. PMID: 6658958.

Adams, H. P., Damasio, H. C., Putman, S. F. & Damasio, A. R. (1983). Middle cerebral artery occlusion as a cause of isolated subcortical infarction. Stroke; a journal of cerebral circulation, 14(6), 948-52. PMID: 6658999.

Adams, H. P., Aschenbrener, C. A., Kassell, N. F., Ansbacher, L. & Cornell, S. H. (1982). Intracranial hemorrhage produced by spontaneous dissecting intracranial aneurysm. Archives of neurology, 39(12), 773-6. PMID: 7138320.

Kassell, N. F., Peerless, S. J., Durward, Q. J., Beck, D. W., Drake, C. G. & Adams, H. P. (1982). Treatment of ischemic deficits from vasospasm with intravascular volume expansion and induced arterial hypertension. Neurosurgery, 11(3), 337-43. PMID: 7133349.

Adams, H. P. (1982). Current status of antifibrinolytic therapy for treatment of patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. Stroke; a journal of cerebral circulation, 13(2), 256-9. PMID: 7039006.

Adams, H. P. (1982). Current views on medical management of aneurysms. International anesthesiology clinics, 20(2), 31-8. PMID: 7085107.

Kassel, N. F., Boarini, D. J. & Adams, Jr, H. P. (1982). Intracranial and cervical vascular injuries. In P. R. Cooper (Eds.) Head Injury. (1st), pp. 275-301. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins.

Torner, J. C., Kassell, N. F., Wallace, R. B. & Adams, H. P. (1981). Preoperative prognostic factors for rebleeding and survival in aneurysm patients receiving antifibrinolytic therapy: report of the Cooperative Aneurysm Study. Neurosurgery, 9(5), 506-13. PMID: 7322311.

Adams, H. P., Sahs, A. L. (1981). Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. Modern concepts of cardiovascular disease, 50(9), 49-54. PMID: 7347373.

Kassell, N. F., Boarini, D. J., Adams, H. P., Sahs, A. L., Graf, C. J., Torner, J. C. & Gerk, M. K. (1981). Overall management of ruptured aneurysm: comparison of early and late operation. Neurosurgery, 9(2), 120-8. PMID: 7266809.

Gross, C. E., Adams, H. P., Sokoll, M. D. & Yamada, T. (1981). Use of anticoagulants, electroencephalographic monitoring, and barbiturate cerebral protection in carotid endarterectomy. Neurosurgery, 9(1), 1-5. PMID: 7279167.

Hitchon, P. W., Kassell, N. F., Gross, C. E., Adams, H. P. & Hill, T. R. (1981). Influence of superficial temporal artery to middle cerebral artery bypass on cerebral blood flow in dogs with middle cerebral artery occlusion. Stroke, 12(2), 224-8. PMID: 7233468.

Adams, H. P., Kassell, N. F., Torner, J. C., Nibbelink, D. W. & Sahs, A. L. (1981). Early management of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. A report of the Cooperative Aneurysm Study. Journal of neurosurgery, 54(2), 141-5. PMID: 7005404.

Adams, H. P. (1981). Transient ischemic attacks: differentiation and treatment. Postgraduate medicine, 69(2), 157-60, 163-6. PMID: 7454646.

Adams, H. P., Nibbelink, D. W., Torner, J. C. & Sahs, A. L. (1981). Antifibrinolytic therapy in patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. A report of the cooperative aneurysm study. Archives of neurology, 38(1), 25-9. PMID: 7458720.

Adams, H. P., Gross, C. E. (1981). Embolism distal to stenosis of the middle cerebral artery. Stroke; a journal of cerebral circulation, 12(2), 228-9. PMID: 7233469.

Kassell, N. F., Adams, H. P., Torner, J. C. & Sahs, A. L. (1981). Influence of timing of admission after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage on overall outcome. Report of the cooperative aneurysm study. Stroke; a journal of cerebral circulation, 12(5), 620-3. PMID: 7303046.

Adams, Jr., H. P., Nibbelink, D. W., Torner, J. C. & Sahs, A. L. (1981). Antifibrinolytic therapy in patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage in aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. In Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage : report of the cooperative study. pp. 331-340. Baltimore, MD: Urban & Schwarzenberg.

Torner, J. C., Kassell, N. F., Adams, H. P. & Wallace, R. B. (1981). Factors affecting prognosis in the acute period following subarachnoid hemorrhage. Cooperative aneurysm study. In J. S. Meyer , et al (Eds.) Cerebral vascular disease, 3 : proceedings of the 10th International Salzburg Conference, September 24-27, 1980. pp. 80-83. Amsterdam ; Oxford ; Princeton: Excerpta Medica.

Adams, Jr., H. P., Kassell, N. F., Torner, J. C., Nibbelink, D. W. & Sahs, A. L. (1981). Early management of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage: a report of the Cooperative Aneurysm Study. In J. S. Meyer , et al (Eds.) Cerebral vascular disease, 3 : proceedings of the 10th International Salzburg Conference, September 24-27, 1980. pp. 84-87. Amsterdam ; Oxford ; Princeton: Excerpta Medica.

Kassell, M. F., Adams, H. P., Torner, J. C., Graf, C. J., Sahs, A. L. & Gerk, M. K. (1981). Overall management of results for ruptured aneurysm. Comparison of Early and Late Operation. In J. S. Meyer , et al (Eds.) Cerebral vascular disease, 3 : proceedings of the 10th International Salzburg Conference, September 24-27, 1980. pp. 88-91. Amsterdam ; Oxford ; Princeton: Excerpta Medica.

Kassell, N. F., Peerless, S. J., Drake, C. G., Boarini, D. J. & Adams, H. P. (1980). Treatment of ischemic deficits from cerebral vasospasm with high dose barbiturate therapy. Neurosurgery, 7(6), 593-7. PMID: 6163107.

Wilkinson, J. T., Adams, H. P. & Wright, C. B. (1980). Convulsions after carotid endarterectomy. JAMA : the journal of the American Medical Association, 244(16), 1826-8. PMID: 7420686.

Adams, H. P., Kassell, N. F. & Sahs, A. L. (1980). Intracranial aneurysms and subarachnoid hemorrhage. Journal of the Iowa Medical Society, 70(1), 19-21. PMID: 7354220.

Adams, H. P., Jergenson, D. D., Kassell, N. F. & Sahs, A. L. (1980). Pitfalls in the recognition of subarachnoid hemorrhage. JAMA : the journal of the American Medical Association, 244(8), 794-6. PMID: 7392188.

Kassell, N. F., Adams, Jr., H. P. (1980). Intracranial hemorrhage. In H. F. Conn (Eds.) Current therapy: latest approved methods of treatment for the practicing physician. (1980), pp. 695-697. Phil: Saunders.

Kassell, N. F., Peerless, S. J., Drake, C. G., Adams, Jr., H. P. & Wilkins, R. H. (1980). High dose barbiturate therapy of cerebral vasospasm: Preliminary results. In Cerebral arterial spasm : proceedings of the second international workshop, Amsterdam, the Netherlands, 1979. pp. 628–633. Baltimore, MD: Williams & Wilkins.

Kassell, N. F., Peerless, S. J., Durward, Q. J., Beck, D. W., Drake, C. G. & Adams, Jr., H. P. (1980). Neurological deterioration from cerebral vasospasm: Treatment with induced arterial hypertension. In Cerebral arterial spasm : proceedings of the second international workshop, Amsterdam, the Netherlands, 1979. pp. 665–672. Baltimore, MD: Williams & Wilkins.

Adams, H. P., Kassell, N. F., Wisoff, H. S. & Drake, C. G. (1979). Intracranial saccular aneurysm and moyamoya disease. Stroke; a journal of cerebral circulation, 10(2), 174-9. PMID: 442141.

Adams, Jr, H. P., Bösch, E. P. (1979). Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia. In P. Vinken , G. Bruyn (Eds.) Handbook of Clinical Neurology. pp. 257–284. Elsevier-North Holland.

Fincham, R. W., Adams, H. P. (1977). Brain tumor as a cause of epilepsy. American family physician, 16(4), 165-7. PMID: 910668.

Adams, H. P. (1977). Carotid stenosis and coexisting ipsilateral intracranial aneurysm. A problem in management. Archives of neurology, 34(8), 515-6. PMID: 889489.

Adams, H. P., Subbiah, B. & Bosch, E. P. (1977). Neurologic aspects of hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia. Report of two cases. Archives of neurology, 34(2), 101-4. PMID: 836178.

Adams, Jr., H. P. (1974). Dantrolene. In Iowa Neurology. Iowa City, IA: University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, Department of Neurology.