Robert A. Robinson, MD, PhD

Portrait
Medical Director of UI Diagnostics Laboratories
Director of Anatomic Pathology
Vice Chair for Anatomic Pathology and Reference Laboratory Services
Professor of Pathology
Professor of Oral Pathology, Radiology, & Medicine

Contact Information

Primary Office: 5238-H Roy Carver Pavilion
Iowa City, IA 52242
319-356-4163

Education

BA, Chemistry, University of Missouri
MD, University of Missouri - Kansas City
PhD, Pathology, University of Minnesota

Resident, Pathology, Mayo Clinic

Center, Program and Institute Affiliations

Holden Comprehensive Cancer Center

Research Summary

Interests: Head and neck pathology, including surgical pathology and cytopathology.

Publications

Eppsteiner, R. W., Fowlkes, J. W., Anderson, C. M., Robinson, R. A. & Pagedar, N. A. (2017). Aggressive Salivary Malignancies at Early Stage: Outcomes and Implications for Treatment. The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology, 3489417702655. PMID: 28474964.

De Andrade, J. P., Lorenzen, A. W., Wu, V. T., Bogachek, M. V., Park, J. M., Gu, V. W., Sevenich, C. M., Cassady, V. C., Beck, A. C., Kulak, M. V., Robinson, R. A., Lal, G. & Weigel, R. J. (2017). Targeting the SUMO pathway as a novel treatment for anaplastic thyroid cancer. Oncotarget, 8(70), 114801-114815. PMID: 29383121.

Story, M., Kwon, S. K., Robinson, R. & Fortis, S. (2017). Acute cor pulmonale due to pulmonary tumour thrombotic microangiopathy from renal cell carcinoma. BMJ case reports, 2017. PMID: 28659364.

Wilson, T. C., MA, D., Tilak, A., Tesdahl, B. & Robinson, R. A. (2016). Next generation sequencing in salivary gland basal cell adenocarcinoma and basal cell adenoma. Head and Neck Pathology.

Reed, M. J., Sperry, S. M., Gailey, M. P., Jensen, C. S., Robinson, R. A., Funk, G. F. & Pagedar, N. A. (2016). Correlating thyroid cytology and histopathology: Implications for molecular testing. Head Neck. PMID: 26900030.

Brennan, T. A., Wilson, T. C., Hoffman, H. T. & Robinson, R. A. (2016). Epithelial–Mesenchymal Transition Protein Expression in Basal Cell Adenomas and Basal Cell Adenocarcinomas. Head Neck Pathol, 10(2), 176-181. PMID: PMC4838958.

Ma, D., Guseva, N. V., Dahmoush, L. & Robinson, R. A. (2016). Struma ovarii with malignant transformation and germline KIT mutation: A case report with review of the literature. Int J Gynecol Pathol. PMID: 27258816.

Kennedy, J. M., Robinson, R. A. (2016). Thyroid frozen sections in patients with preoperative FNAs: ?Review of surgeons' preoperative rationale, intraoperative decisions, and final outcome. J Clin Pathol, 145(5), 660-665. PMID: 27124950.

Buchakjan, M. R., Tasche, K. K., Robinson, R. A., Pagedar, N. A. & Sperry, S. M. (2016). Association of Main Specimen and Tumor Bed Margin Status With Local Recurrence and Survival in Oral Cancer Surgery. JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. PMID: 27423460.

Schopper, H. K., Stence, A., Ma, D., Pagedar, N. A. & Robinson, R. A. (2016). Single thyroid tumour showing multiple differentiated morphological patterns and intramorphological molecular genetic heterogeneity. J Clin Pathol.

Lanzel, E., Robinson, R. A., Zimmerman, M. B., Pourian, A. (2016). The use of immunohistochemistry in detection of perineural invasion in mucoepidermoid carcinoma. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol, 121(6), 636-642. PMID: 27068680.

Tesdahl, B. A., Wilson, T. C., Hoffman, H. T. & Robinson, R. A. (2015). Epithelial-mesenchymal transition protein expression in basal cell adenomas and basal cell adenocarcinomas. Head Neck Pathol. PMID: 26442856.

Stence, A. A., Gailey, M. P., Robinson, R. A., Jensen, C. S. & MA, D. (2015). Simultaneously detection of 50 mutations at 20 sites in the BRAF and RAS genes by multiplexed single-nucleotide primer extension assay using fine-needle aspirates of thyroid nodules. (Vols. 88). (4), pp. 351-358. Yale J Biol Med. PMID: 26604858.

Wilson, T. C., Robinson, R. A. (2015). Basal cell adenocarcinoma and basal cell adenoma of the salivary glands: a clinicopathological review of seventy tumors with comparison of morphologic features and growth control indices. Head Neck Pathol. PMID: 25141971.

Steussy, B., Gailey, M., Becker, K., Fuller, E., Jans, M., Lewis, S., Guerin, L., Kirby, P. & Robinson, R. (2015). Low-cost workflow improvement reduces gastrointestinal block use 17% by altering classic histotechnology testing. Am J Clin Pathol., 143(6), 861-864. PMID: 25972328.

Gailey, M. P., Bayon, R. & Robinson, R. A. (2014). Cribriform adenocarcinoma of minor salivary gland: A report of two cases with an emphasis on cytology. Diagn Cytopathol, 42(12), 1085-1090. PMID: 24550144.

Robinson, R. A. (2013). Utility of a partial autopsy: a case report of congenital laryngeal atresia. Pediatr Dev Pathol, 16(3), 229-31.

Simons, A. L., Lu, P., Gibson-Corley, K. N., Robinson, R. A., Meyerholz, D. K. & Colgan, J. D. (2013). The Justy mutant mouse strain produces a spontaneous murine model of salivary gland cancer with myoephithelial and basal cell differentiation. Lab Invest, 93(6), 711-719. PMID: 23608756.

Robinson, R. A. (2013). Solitary Bony Metastasis in Seminoma. J Clin Oncol, 1(16), 259-61. PMID: 23610111.

Bhama, A. R., Smith, R. J., Robinson, R. A. & Weigel, R. J. (2013). Preoperative evaluation of thyroglossal duct cysts: children versus adults-is ther a difference?. Am J Surg, 13. PMID: 24246260.

Halawi, A. M., Maley, J. E., Robinson, R. A., Swenson, C. & Graham, S. M. (2013). Craniofacial osteoma: clinical presentation and patterns of growth. Am J Rhinol Allergy, 27(2), 128-133.

Wudhikarn, K., Colling, C. W., Robinson, R. A. & Vaena, D. A. (2013). Solitary bony metastasis in semionoma. (Vols. 31). (16), pp. e259-261. J Clin Oncol. PMID: 23610111.

Robinson, R. A. (2012). Tumors of the Jaws AFIP Atlas of Tumor Pathology. (Vols. Series 4). (Fascicle 16) American Registry of Pathology.

Khachi, S., Gubbels, S. P., Robinson, R. A. & Hansen, M. R. (2011). Ganglion cyst presenting as an external auditory canal mass. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg, 144(1), 131-132. PMID: 2149340.

Gupta, H. T., Robinson, R. A., Murray, R. C., Karnell, L. H., Smith, R. J. & Hoffman, H. T. (2010). Degrees of dysplasia and the use of cidofovir in patients with recurrent respiratory papillomatosis. Laryngoscope, 120(4), 698-702. PMID: 20205173.

Lal, G., Hashimi, S., Smith, B. J., Lynch, C. F., Zhang, L., Robinson, R. A. & Weigel, R. J. (2009). Extracellular matrix 1 (ECM1) expression is a novel prognostic marker for poor long-term survival in breast cancer: a Hospital-based Cohort Study in Iowa. Annals of surgical oncology, 16(8), 2280-7. PMID: 19521735.

Robinson, R. A. (2009). Signaling pathways in adenoid cystic cancers: implications for treatment. Cancer Biol Ther, 8(20), 1947-1951.

Iseli, T. A., Karnell, L. H., Graham, S. M., Funk, G. F., Buatti, J. M., Gupta, A. K., Robinson, R. A. & Hoffman, H. T. (2009). Role of radiotherapy in adenoid cystic carcinoma of the head and neck. The Journal of laryngology and otology, 123(10), 1137-44. PMID: 19573256.

Robinson, R. A. (2009). Head and Neck Pathology: Atlas for Histologic and Cytologic Diagnosis. Lippincott Williams and Wilkins.

Dogru, S., Wilkinson, E. P., Robinson, R. A. & Smith, R. J. (2009). Middle ear adenoma with neuroendocrine differentiation (MEA-ND) in the pediatric population. International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology, 73(6), 895-8. PMID: 19303146.

Robinson, R. A., Gupta, H., Karnell, L. H., Smith, R. J. & Hoffman, H. T. (2009). Commentary on "Dysplasia in adults with recurrent respiratory papillomatosis: incidence and risk factors". The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology, 118(7), 486-7. PMID: 19708486.

Iseli, T. A., Karnell, L. H., Preston, T. W., Graham, S. M., Funk, G. F., Buatti, J. M., Gupta, A. K., Robinson, R. A. & Hoffman, H. T. (2008). Facial nerve sacrifice and radiotherapy in parotid adenoid cystic carcinoma. The Laryngoscope, 118(10), 1781-1786. PMID: 18758382.

Lal, G., Padmanabha, L., Nicholson, R., Smith, B. J., Zhang, L., Howe, J. R., Robinson, R. A. & O'Dorisio, M. S. (2008). ECM1 expression in thyroid tumors--a comparison of real-time RT-PCR and IHC. J Surg Res, 149(1), 62-68. PMID: 18374945.

Robinson, R. A., Vincent, S. D. (2008). Benign and Nonneoplastic Diseases of the Oral Cavity and Oropharynx. In E. L. Barnes , E. L. Barnes (Eds.) Surgical Pathology of the Head and Neck. (3rd ed.) CRC Press.

Smith, R. B., Robinson, R. A., Hoffman, H. T. & Graham, M. M. (2008). Preoperative FDG-PET imaging to assess the malignant potential of follicular neoplasms of the thyroid. Otolaryngology--head and neck surgery, 138(1), 101-106. PMID: 18165002.

Lueck, N. E., Robinson, R. A. (2008). High levels of expression of cytokeratin 5 are strongly correlated with poor survival in higher grades of mucoepidermoid carcinoma. J Clin Pathol, 61(7), 837-840. PMID: 18587014.

Bock, J. M., Lee, J. H., Robinson, R. A. & Hoffman, H. T. (2007). Migration of Cymetra after vocal fold injection for laryngeal paralysis. Laryngoscope, 117(12), 2251-2254. PMID: 17909445.

Wilkinson, E. P., Robinson, R. A. & Trask, D. K. (2007). Skull base thrombotic mycosis. Ear Nose Throat J, 86(3), 137. PMID: 17427771.

Provenzano, M. J., Yu, L., Hitchler, M. J., Fitzgerald, M. P., Robinson, R. A., Wayne, S., Ver Meer, M. & Domann, F. E. (2007). AP-2 participates in the transcriptional control of the amyloid precursor protein (APP) gene in oral squamous cell carcinoma. Exp Mol Pathol, 83(2), 277-282. PMID: 17651731.

Muirhead, D. M., Hoffman, H. T. & Robinson, R. A. (2006). Correlation of clinicopathological features with immunohistochemical expression of cell cycle regulatory proteins p16 and retinoblastoma: distinct association with keratinisation and differentiation in oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma. (Vols. 59). (7), pp. 711-715. J Clin Pathol. PMID: 16467168.

Guerin, L. A., Hoffman, H. T., Zimmerman, M. B. & Robinson, R. A. (2006). Decreased fragile histidine triad gene protein expression is associated with worse prognosis in oral squamous carcinoma. Arch Pathol Lab Med, 130(2), 158-164. PMID: 16454554.

White, M. L., Zhang, Y. & Robinson, R. A. (2006). Evaluating tumors and tumorlike lesions of the nasal cavity, the paranasal sinuses, and the adjacent skull base with diffusion-weighted MRI. J Comput Assist Tomogr, 30(3), 490-4955. PMID: 16778627.

Kurtz, K. A., Hoffman, H. T., Zimmerman, M. B. & Robinson, R. A. (2006). Decreased E-cadherin but not beta-catenin expression is associated with vascular invasion and decreased survival in head and neck squamous carcinomas. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg, 134(1), 142-146. PMID: 16399195.

Wayne, S., Robinson, R. A. (2006). Upper aerodigestive tract squamous dysplasia: correlation with p16, p53, pRb, and Ki-67 expression. Arch Pathol Lab Med, 130(9), 1309-1314. PMID: 16948516.

Hoffman, H. T., Porter, K., Karnell, L. H., Cooper, J. S., Weber, R. S., Langer, C. J., Ang, K. K., Gay, G., Stewart, A. & Robinson, R. A. (2006). Laryngeal cancer in the United States: changes in demographics, patterns of care, and survival. The Laryngoscope, 116(9 Pt 2 Suppl 111), 1-13. PMID: 16946667.

Robinson, R. A. (2005). Loss of heterozygosity and protein expression in oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma. United States Canadian Academy of Pathology Annual Meeting..

Henson, J. D., Hannay, J. A., McCarthy, S. W., Royds, J. A., Yeager, T. R., Robinson, R. A., Wharton, S. B., Jellinek, D. A., Arbuckle, S. M., Yoo, J., Robinson, B. G., Learoyd, D. L., Stalley, P. D., Bonar, S. F., Yu, D., Pollock, R. E. & Reddel, R. R. (2005). A robust assay for alternative lengthening of telomeres in tumors shows the significance of alternative lengthening of telomeres in sarcomas and astrocytomas. Clin Cancer Res, 11(1), 217-225. PMID: 15671549.

Robinson, R. A. (2005). Upper Aerodigestive Tract Squamous Dysplasia: Correlation with p16, p53, pRb, and Ki-67 Expression. United States Canadian Academy of Pathology Annual Meeting.

Robinson, R. A. (2005). Cadherin but not B-Catenin expression is associated with vascular invasion and decreased survival in head and neck squamous carcinomas. United States Canadian Academy of Pathology Annual Meeting.

Robinson, R. A. (2005). Correlation of clinicopathologic features with immunohistochemical expression of cell cycle regulatory proteins p16 and Rb: Distinct association with keratinization and differentiation in oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma. United States Canadian Academy of Pathology Annual Meeting.

Gaut, A. W., Jay, A. P., Robinson, R. A., Goh, J. P. & Graham, S. M. (2005). Invasive glomus tumor of the nasal cavity. Am J otolaryngol, 26(3), 207-209. PMID: 15858779.

Kurtz, K. A., Hoffman, H. T., Zimmerman, M. B. & Robinson, R. A. (2005). Perineural and vascular invasion in oral cavity squamous carcinoma: increased incidence on re-review of slides and by using immunohistochemical enhancement. Arch Pathol Lab Med, 129(3), 354-359. PMID: 15737030.

Gerke, H., Robinson, R. A. & Luo, P. (2005). Diagnosis of focal metastasis to the adrenal gland by EUS-guided core biopsy. Gastrointest Endosc, 62(3), 469-471. PMID: 16111980.

Gaut, A. W., Jay, A. P., Robinson, R. A., Goh, J. P. & Graham, S. M. (2005). Invasive glomus tumor of the nasal cavity. Am J Otolaryngol, 26(3), 207-209.

Wemer, R. D., Lee, J. H., Hoffman, H. T., Robinson, R. A. & Smith, R. J. (2005). Case of progressive dysplasia concomitant with intralesional cidofovir administration for recurrent respiratory papillomatosis. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol, 114(11), 836-839. PMID: 16358603.

Davis, D. A., Kurtz, K. A. & Robinson, R. A. (2005). Ultrarapid staining for cutaneous melanoma: study and protocol. Dermatol Surg, 31(7 Pt 1), 753-756; discussion 756. PMID: 16029700.

Cavalcanti, M. G., Veltrini, V. C., Ruprecht, A., Vincent, S. D. & Robinson, R. A. (2005). Squamous-cell carcinoma arising from an odontogenic cyst--the importance of computed tomography in the diagnosis of malignancy. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod, 100(3), 365-368. PMID: 16122667.

Reed, K. L., Conzemius, M. G., Robinson, R. A. & Brown, T. D. (2004). Osteocyte-based image analysis for quantitation of histologically apparent femoral head osteonecrosis: application to an emu model. Comput Methods Biomech Biomed Engin, 7(1), 25-32. PMID: 14965877.

Robinson, R. A. (2004). The amount of the area of tumor examined influences detectors of perineural and vascular invasion. United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology Annual Meeting.

Hoffman, H. T., Robinson, R. A., Spiess, J. L. & Buatti, J. (2004). Update in management of head and neck sarcoma. Curr Opin Oncol, 16(4), 333-341. PMID: 15187888.

Field, R. W., Smith, B. J., Platz, C. E., Robinson, R. A., Neuberger, J. S., Brus, C. P. & Lynch, C. F. (2004). Lung cancer histologic type in the surveillance, epidemiology, and end results registry versus independent review. J Natl Cancer Inst, 96(14), 1105-7. PMID: 15265973.

Kolareth, A., Robinson, R. A. (2003). Pathologic Quiz Case: A 28-Year-Old man with an Impacted Tooth. Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine, 127(3e), 173-174. PMID: 12653614.

Ranguelov, R. D., Robinson, R. A. (2003). Pathologic quiz case: A 70-year-old woman with an asymptomatic oropharyngeal mass. Arch Pathol Lab Med, 127(1e), 53-55.

Robinson, R. A. (2003). Immunohistochemistry increases the detection of perineural invasion in head and neck squamous cell carcinomas. United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology Annual Meeting.

Ranguelov, R. D., Robinson, R. A. (2003). A 70-year-old woman with an asymptomatic oropharyngeal mass. Arch Pathol Lab Med,(16), 1181-1188.

Bashir, A. A., Robinson, R. A., Benda, J. A. & Smith, R. B. (2003). Sinonasal adenocarcinoma: immunohistochemical marking and expression of oncoproteins. Head & Neck, 25(9), 763-771. PMID: 12953313.

Robinson, R. A. (2003). Epidermal growth factor receptor, RAF-1 and cell proliferation and differentiation in mucoepidermoid carcinoma. United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology Annual Meeting.

Griffin, M. C., Robinson, R. A. & Trask, D. K. (2003). Validation of tissue microarrays using p53 immunohistochemical studies of squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx. Mod Pathol, 16(12), 1181-1188. PMID: 14681317.

Smith, R. B., Apostolakis, L. W., Karnell, L. H., Koch, B. B., Robinson, R. A., Zhen, W., Menck, H. R. & Hoffman, H. T. (2003). National Cancer Data Base report on osteosarcoma of the head and neck. Cancer, 98(8), 1670-80. PMID: 14534884.

Lee, J. H., Barich, F., Karnell, L. H., Robinson, R. A., Zhen, W. K., Gantz, B. J. & Hoffman, H. T. (2002). National Cancer Data Base report on malignant paragangliomas of the head and neck. Cancer, 94(3), 730-7. PMID: 11857306.

Robinson, R. A. (2002). Sinonasal adenocarcinoma: expression of differentiation markers and oncoproteins. United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology Annual Meeting.

Robinson, R. A. (2002). Presentation, Treatment, and Outcome of Oral Cavity Cancer: A National Cancer Data Base Report. Head & Neck, 24(2), 165-180.

Conzemius, M. G., Brown, T. D., Zhang, Y. & Robinson, R. A. (2002). A new animal model of femoral head osteonecrosis: one that progresses to human-like mechanical failure. Journal of Orthopaedic Research, 20(2), 303-309.

Robinson, R. A. (2002). Examining more tissue blocks increases detection of perineural and lymphatic-vascular invasion in T1 and T2 squamous cell carcinomas of the head and neck. United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology Annual Meeting.

Robinson, R. A. (2002). Salivary Clear Cell Tumors - A Clinico-pathologic Study. Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine, 126, 676-685.

Yoo, J., Park, S. Y., Robinson, R. A., Kang, S. J., Ahn, W. S. & Kang, C. S. (2002). ras Gene Mutations and expression of Ras Signal Transduction Mediators in Gastric Adenocarcinomas. Arch Pathol Lab Med, 126(9), 1096-1100. PMID: 12204060.

Conzemius, M. G., Brown, T. D., Zhang, Y. & Robinson, R. A. (2002). A new animal model of femoral head osteonecrosis: one that progresses to human-like mechanical failure. Journal of orthopaedic research : official publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society, 20(2), 303-9. PMID: 11918310.

Robinson, R. A. (2002). Down regulation of RAF-1 protein expression in mucoepidermoid carcinomas of the head and neck. United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology Annual Meeting.

Cooley, M. L., Hoffman, H. T. & Robinson, R. A. (2002). Discrepancies in frozen section mucosal margin tissue in laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma. Head & Neck, 24(3), 262-267. PMID: 11891958.

Crook, T. W., Robinson, R. A. (2002). Dysphagia in a patient with a history of large B-cell lymphoma: esophageal disease with negative biopsy findings. Diagnostic Cytopathology, 26(3), 167-9. PMID: 11892022.

Robinson, R. A. (2002). Carcinosarcoma of the salivary glands: clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical analysis. United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology Annual Meeting.

Robinson, R. A. (2002). Angiogenesis & maspin expression in oral verrucous and non-verrucous squamous carcinoma. United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology Annual Meeting.

Robinson, R. A. (2001). A national survey of sinonasal cancer: Presentation, treatment, and outcome. Journal of Registry Management, 28(4), 182-189.

Fasig, J. H., Robinson, R. A., McCulloch, T. M., Fletcher, M. S. & Miller, C. K. (2001). Spindle cell lipoma of the parotid: fine needle aspiration and histologic findings. Arch Pathol Lab Med, 125(6), 820-821. PMID: 11371240.

Funk, G. F., Karnell, L. H., Robinson, R. A., Zhen, W. K., Trask, D. K. & Hoffman, H. T. (2001). Presentation, Treatment, and Outcome of Oral Cavity Cancer: A National Cancer Data Base Report. Head and Neck, 24(2), 165-180.

Koch, B. B., Trask, D. K., Hoffman, H. T., Karnell, L. H., Robinson, R. A., Zhen, W. & Menck, H. R. (2001). National survey of head and neck verrucous carcinoma: patterns of presentation, care, and outcome. Cancer, 92(1), 110-20. PMID: 11443616.

Ubaidat, M. A., Robinson, R. A., Belding, P. J. & Merryman, D. J. (2001). Sialadenoma Papilliferum of the Hard Palate: Report of 2 cases and immunohistochemical evaluation. Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine, 125(12), 1595-1597. PMID: 11735698.

Lessard, J. L., Robinson, R. A. & Hoffman, H. T. (2001). Differential expression of ras signal transduction mediators in verrucous and squamous cell carcinomas of the upper aerodigestive tract. Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine, 125(9), 1200-1203. PMID: 11520272.

Yoo, J., Robinson, R. A. (2000). H-ras gene mutations in salivary gland mucoepidermoid carcinomas. Cancer, 88(3), 518-23. PMID: 10649241.

Field, R. W., Steck, D. J., Smith, B. J., Brus, C. P., Fisher, E. L., Neuberger, J. S., Platz, C. E., Robinson, R. A., Woolson, R. F. & Lynch, C. F. (2000). Residential radon gas exposure and lung cancer: the Iowa Radon Lung Cancer Study. American journal of epidemiology, 151(11), 1091-102. PMID: 10873134.

Yoo, J., Robinson, R. A. (2000). Expression of Telomerase Activity and Telomerase RNA in Human Soft Tissue Sarcomas. Arch Pathol Lab Med, 124(3), 393-397.

Yoo, J., Robinson, R. A. (2000). RAS Gene Mutations in Salivary Gland Tumors. Arch Pathol Lab Med, 124(6), 836-839. PMID: 10835516.

Hoffman, H. T., Quets, J., Toshiaki, T., Funk, G. F., McCulloch, T. M., Graham, S. M., Robinson, R. A., Schuster, M. E. & Yuh, W. T. (2000). Functional magnetic resonance imaging using iron oxide particles in characterizing head and neck adenopathy. The Laryngoscope, 110(9), 1425-30. PMID: 10983936.

Koch, B. B., Kamell, L. H., Hoffman, H. T., APostolakis, L. W., Robinson, R. A., Zhen, W. & Menck, H. R. (2000). National Cancer Database Report on Chondrosarcoma of the Head and Neck. Head Neck, 22(4), 408-425. PMID: 10862026.

Wang, B. Y., Lawson, w., Robinson, R. A., Perez-Ordonez, B. & Brandwein, M. (1999). Malignant Melanomas of the Parotid: Comparison of Survival for Patients with Metastases From Known vs Unknown Primary Tumor Sites. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg, 125(6), 635-639. PMID: 10367919.

Buckwalter, J. A., Brandser, E. & Robinson, R. A. (1999). The variable presentation and natural history of Langerhans cell histiocytosis. The Iowa orthopaedic journal, 19, 99-105. PMID: 10847523.

Scott, S. N., Graham, S. M., Sato, Y. & Robinson, R. A. (1999). Brown tumor of the palate in a patient with primary hyperparathyroidism. The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology, 108(1), 91-4. PMID: 9930547.

Yoo, J., Robinson, R. A. & Lee, J. Y. (1999). H-ras and K-ras gene mutations in primary human soft tissue sarcoma: concomitant mutations of the ras genes. Modern pathology : an official journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc, 12(8), 775-80. PMID: 10463479.

Vasef, M. A., Brynes, R. K., Sturm, M., Bromley, C. & Robinson, R. A. (1999). Expression of cyclin D1 in parathyroid carcinomas, adenomas, and hyperplasias: a paraffin immunohistochemical study. Modern pathology : an official journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc, 12(4), 412-6. PMID: 10229506.

Nguyen, B. C., Stanford, W., Thompson, B. H., Rossi, N. P., Kernstine, K. H., Kern, J. A., Robinson, R. A., Amorosa, J. K., Mammone, J. F. & Outwater, E. k. (1999). Multicenter Clinical Trial of Ultrasmall Superparamagnetic Iron Oxide in the Evaluation of Mediastinal Lymph Nodes in Patients with Primary Lung Carcinoma. J Magn Reson Imaging, 10(3), 468-473. PMID: 10508310.

Robinson, R. A. (1999). Are we failing in molecular genetic testing?. American journal of clinical pathology, 112(1), 3-Nov. PMID: 10396280.

Hoffman, H. T., Karnell, L. H., Robinson, R. A., Pinkston, J. A. & Menck, H. R. (1999). National Cancer Data Base Report on Cancer of the Head and Neck: Acinic Cell Carcinoma. Head & Neck, 21(4), 297-309. PMID: 10376748.

Victoria, L. V., Hoffman, H. T. & Robinson, R. A. (1998). Granular cell tumour of the larynx. The Journal of laryngology and otology, 112(4), 373-6. PMID: 9659502.

Raab, S. S., Slagel, D. D. & Robinson, R. A. (1998). The utility of histological examination of tissue removed during elective joint replacement. A preliminary assessment. The Journal of bone and joint surgery. American volume, 80(3), 331-5. PMID: 9531199.

Jaffe, D. M., Solomon, N. P., Robinson, R. A., Hoffman, H. T. & Luschei, E. S. (1998). Comparison of concentric needle versus hooked-wire electrodes in the canine larynx. Otolaryngology--head and neck surgery : official journal of American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, 118(5), 655-62. PMID: 9591865.

Hoffman, H. T., Karnell, L. H., Funk, G. F., Robinson, R. A. (1998). The National Cancer Data Base Report on Cancer of the Head and Neck. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg,(124), 951-962. PMID: 9738803.

Beaty, M. M., Funk, G. F., Karnell, L. H., Graham, S. M., McCulloch, T. M., Hoffman, H. T. & Robertson, R. S. (1998). Risk factors for malignancy in adult tonsils. Head Neck, 20(5), 399-403. PMID: 9663667.

O'Reilly, P. E., Raab, S. S., Niemann, T. H., Rodgers, J. R. & Robinson, R. A. (1997). p53, proliferating cell nuclear antigen, and Ki-67 expression in extrauterine leiomyosarcomas. Modern pathology : an official journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc, 10(2), 91-7. PMID: 9127313.

Devaiah, A. K., Hoffman, H. T., Robinson, R. A. & Carter, K. (1997). Oral botryomycosis: a case report. The Journal of laryngology and otology, 111(1), 77-9. PMID: 9292141.

Thomas, P. A., Oykutlu, D., Pou, B., Tyler, D., Oberley, L. W., Robinson, R. A. & Lenel, J. C. (1997). Immunohistochemical Characterization of Antioxidant Enzymes in Human Breast Cancer. Pathology oncology research : POR, 3(4), 278-286. PMID: 11173648.

Raab, S. S., Snider, T. E., Potts, S. A., McDaniel, H. L., Robinson, R. A., Nelson, D. L., Sigman, J. D. & Thomas, P. A. (1997). Atypical glandular cells of undetermined significance. Diagnostic accuracy and interobserver variability using select cytologic criteria. American journal of clinical pathology, 107(3), 299-307. PMID: 9052380.

Johnson, R. E., Sigman, J. D., Funke, G. F., A, R. R. & T, H. H. (1997). Quantification of surgical margin shrinkage in the oral cavity. Head Neck, 19(4), 281-286.

Raab, S. S., Robinson, R. A., Jensen, C. S., Ozkutlu, D., O'Reilly, P. O., Savell, V. H. & Thomas, P. A. (1997). Mucinous Tumors of the Ovary: interobserver diagnostic variability and utility of sectioning protocols. Arch Pathol Lab Med, 121(11), 1192-1198. PMID: 9372748.

Powell, S. M., Yankowitz, J. & Robinson, R. A. (1997). Prenatal diagnosis of a fetal head and neck neoplasm: differential diagnosis, management, and histology. Prenatal diagnosis, 17(11), 1071-6. PMID: 9399357.

Raab, S. S., Robinson, R. A., Snider, T. E., McDaniel, H. L., Sigman, J. D., Leigh, C. J. & Thomas, P. A. (1997). Telepathologic review: utility, diagnostic accuracy, and interobserver variability on a difficult case consultation service. Modern pathology : an official journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc, 10(6), 630-5. PMID: 9195582.

Christenson, L., Yankowitz, J. & Robinson, R. A. (1997). Prenatal diagnosis of Klippel-Trénaunay-Weber syndrome as a cause for in utero heart failure and severe postnatal sequelae. Prenatal diagnosis, 17(12), 1176-80. PMID: 9467816.

Williams, L. J., Yankowitz, J., Robinson, R. A. & Benda, J. A. (1997). Nasopharyngeal teratoma - Report of a case with prenatal diagnosis and postnatal management. The Journal of reproductive medicine, 42(9), 587-92. PMID: 9336757.

Netser, J. C., Robinson, R. A., Smith, R. J. & Raab, S. S. (1997). Value-based pathology: a cost-benefit analysis of the examination of routine and nonroutine tonsil and adenoid specimens. American journal of clinical pathology, 108(2), 158-65. PMID: 9260756.

Press, M. F., Bernstein, L., Thomas, P. A., Meisner, L. F., Zhou, J. Y., Ma, Y., Hung, G., Robinson, R. A., Harris, C., El-Naggar, A., Slamon, D. J., Phillips, R. N., Ross, J. S., Wolman, S. R. & Flom, K. J. (1997). HER-2/neu gene amplification characterized by fluorescence in situ hybridization: poor prognosis in node-negative breast carcinomas. Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology, 15(8), 2894-904. PMID: 9256133.

Robinson, R. A. (1996). K-ras mutations and the diagnosis of pancreatic carcinoma. American journal of clinical pathology, 105(3), 257-259. PMID: 8602603.

Robinson, R. A. (1996). Mucinous tumors of the ovary: Interobserver variability and cost-benefit of sectioning protocols. United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology Annual Meeting.

Robinson, R. A. (1996). Evaluation of Ki-67 (MIB-1) in Hydropic Degeneration and partial and complete hydatidiform mole. Pediatr Pathol Lab Med,(16), 41-50.

Robinson, R. A. (1996). Telepathology: Utility, diagnostic accuracy and interobserver variability on a difficult case consultation service. United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology Annual Meeting.

Cheville, J. C., Robinson, R. & Benda, J. A. (1996). Evaluation of Ki-67 (MIB-1) in placentas with hydropic change and partial and complete hydatidiform mole. Pediatr Pathol Lab Med, 16(1), 41-50. PMID: 8963630.

Robinson, R. A. (1996). Interphase chromosomal aberrations in colonic preneoplastic and neoplastic lesions associated with ulcerative colitis. United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology Annual Meeting.

Cheville, J. C., Robinson, R. A. & Benda, J. A. (1996). p53 expression in placentas with hydropic change and hydatidiform moles. Modern pathology : an official journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc, 9(4), 392-6. PMID: 8729978.

Rubright, W. C., Hoffman, H. T., Lewis, C. F., Kohout, F. J., Robinson, R. A., Graham, S., Funk, G. & McCulloch, T. (1996). Risk Factors for Advanced-Stage Oral Cavity Cancer. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg, 122(6), 621-626. PMID: 8639293.

Robinson, R. A. (1996). Immunohistochemical (IC) characterization of antioxidant enzymes in human breast cancers. United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology Annual Meeting.

Persons, D. L., Robinson, R. A., Hsu, P. H., Seelig, S. A., Borell, T. J., Hartmann, L. C. & Jenkins, R. B. (1996). Chromosome-specific aneusomy in carcinoma of the breast. Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research, 2(5), 883-8. PMID: 9816245.

Robinson, R. A. (1996). Atypical glandular cells of undetermined significance (AGUS): Diagnostic accuracy and interobserver variability using select criteria. United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology Annual Meeting.

Robinson, R. A. (1996). EBV BCL-2 and p53 expression in nasopharyngeal carcinomas. United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology Annual Meeting.

Robinson, R. A. (1996). Cost effectiveness of the histologic examination of tonsils and adenoids (T&A). United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology Annual Meeting.

Robinson, R. A. (1995). Antioxidant Enzyme Activity in Soft Tissue Sarcomas. United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology.

Hughes, J. H., Cohen, M. B. & Robinson, R. A. (1995). p53 immunoreactivity in primary and metastatic prostatic adenocarcinoma. Modern pathology : an official journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc, 8(5), 462-6. PMID: 7675761.

Redleaf, M. I., Bauman, N. M., Robinson, R. A. & Gantz, B. J. (1995). Medullary carcinoma of the thyroid metastatic to the temporal bone. The Journal of laryngology and otology, 109(12), 1200-3. PMID: 8551158.

Hughes, J. H., Robinson, R. A. (1995). p53 expression in Bowen's disease and in microinvasive squamous cell carcinoma of the skin. Modern pathology : an official journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc, 8(5), 526-9. PMID: 7675772.

Gulley, M. L., Sargeant, K. P., Grider, D. J., Eagan, P. A., Davey, D. D., Damm, D. D., Robinson, R. A., Vandersteen, D. P., McGuff, H. S. & Banks, P. M. (1995). Lymphomas of the oral soft tissues are not preferentially associated with latent or replicative Epstein-Barr virus. Oral surgery, oral medicine, oral pathology, oral radiology, and endodontics, 80(4), 425-31. PMID: 8521106.

Cheville, J. C., Greiner, T., Robinson, R. A. & Benda, J. A. (1995). Ploidy analysis by flow cytometry and fluorescence in situ hybridization in hydropic placentas and gestational trophoblastic disease. Human pathology, 26(7), 753-7. PMID: 7628847.

Niemann, T. H., Raab, S. S., Lenel, J. C., Rodgers, J. R. & Robinson, R. A. (1995). p53 protein overexpression in smooth muscle tumors of the uterus. Human pathology, 26(4), 375-9. PMID: 7705814.

Krieg, J. C., Buckwalter, J. A., Peterson, K. K., el-Khoury, G. Y. & Robinson, R. A. (1995). Extensive growth of an osteochondroma in a skeletally mature patient - A case report. The Journal of bone and joint surgery. American volume, 77(2), 269-73. PMID: 7844135.

Robinson, R. A. (1995). DNA Extraction from Archived Specimens by Sonication.

Robinson, R. A. (1995). Atomic Force Microscopy Utilization in Three Dimensional Surface Analysis of Fixed Tissues. United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology.

Robinson, R. A. (1995). K-ras mutations and diagnosis of pancreatic carcinoma. Editorial. Am J Clin Pathol, 105, 1200-1203.

Robinson, R. A. (1995). P53, PCNA and Ki-67 Expression in Extrauterine Leiomyosarcomas. United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology.

Robinson, R. A. (1995). Evaluation of Ki67 and P53 in Hydropic Degeneration (HD), Partial Mole (PM), and Complete Mole (CM), with Ploidy Confirmed by Fluorescence In Situ Hybridization (FISH). United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology.

Robinson, R. A. (1995). Mucinous Tumors of the Ovary: Interobserver Variability and Clinical Utility of Histologic Processing. United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology.

Robinson, R. A. (1994). p53 Protein Expression in Adenocarcinoma of the Prostate. United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology.

Robinson, R. A. (1994). Human Papillomavirus (HPV) and P53 Expression in Cervical Dysplasia. United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology.

Robinson, R. A. (1994). p53 Protein Expression in the Irradiated Prostate. United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology.

Redleaf, M. I., Robinson, R. A. (1994). Pathologic quiz case: Renal cell carcinoma metastatic to the mandible. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg, 120(7), 770-772. PMID: 8018331.

Robinson, R. A. (1994). p53 Protein Overexpression in Smooth Muscle Tumors of the Uterus. United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology.

Robinson, R. A. (1994). Chromosome 7 Analysis by Fluorescent In Situ Hybridization (FISH) Analysis of Early Invasive Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Skin. United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology.

Kern, J. A., Slebos, R. J., Top, B., Rodenhuis, S., Lager, D., Robinson, R. A., Weiner, D. & Schwartz, D. A. (1994). C-erbB-2 expression and codon 12 K-ras mutations both predict shortened survival for patients with pulmonary adenocarcinomas. The Journal of clinical investigation, 93(2), 516-20. PMID: 7906694.

Robinson, R. A. (1994). Confocal Microscopy Use for Accurate Chromosome Counting in Fluorescent In Situ Hybridization (FISH) of Paraffin Tissue Sections. United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology.

Sandlow, J., Cohen, M. B., Robinson, R. A., Dreicer, R. & Williams, R. D. (1994). DNA ploidy and P-glycoprotein expression as predictive factors of response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy for invasive bladder cancer. Urology, 43(6), 787-91. PMID: 7910989.

Bonney, W. W., Robinson, R. A., Anderson-Sprecher, R. A. & Osborne, J. W. (1994). Crypt cell thymidine incorporation in ileal urinary pouch. Preliminary report. Scandinavian journal of urology and nephrology, 28(2), 147-51. PMID: 7939465.

Iakoubova, O. K., Wilke, W. W., Burgart, L. J., Slagel, D. D., Wittchow, R. J., Lager, D. J., Heller, M. J. & Robinson, R. A. (1994). Oncogene amplification screening by labeled primer multiplex polymerase chain reaction. Modern pathology : an official journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc, 7(7), 784-9. PMID: 7824514.

Robinson, R. A. (1994). Chromosome 7 Abnormalities in Preneoplastic Squamous Lesions of the Cervix. United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology.

Goetz, S. P., Niemann, T. H., Robinson, R. A. & Cohen, M. B. (1994). Hematopoietic Elements Associated With Adrenal Glands: A Study of the Spectrum of Change in Nine Cases. Arch Pathol Lab Med, 118(9), 895-896. PMID: 8080359.

Ryken, T. C., Robinson, R. A. & VanGilder, J. C. (1994). Familial occurrence of subependymoma - Report of two cases. Journal of neurosurgery, 80(6), 1108-11. PMID: 8189269.

Robinson, R. A. (1994). Chromosome 7 Aberrations in Epithelial Dysplasia of the Larynx. United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology.

Wilke, W. W., Heller, M. J., Iakoubova, O. K. & Robinson, R. A. (1994). Use of thiazole orange homodimer as an alternative to ethidium bromide for DNA detection in agarose gels. Modern pathology : an official journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc, 7(3), 385-7. PMID: 8058712.

Readleaf, M. I., Bauer, C. A. & Robinson, R. A. (1994). Fine Needle Detection of CMV parotitis in a person with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg, 120(4), 414-416. PMID: 8166971.

Robinson, R. A. (1993). Use of Thiazole Orange Homodimer as a Nonmutagenic Alternative to Ethidium Bromide in Agarose Gels. United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology.

Robinson, R. A. (1993). Use of the Single Nucleotide Primer Extension Method for Detection of Genomic Mutations in Human Neoplasia. United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology.

Robinson, R. A. (1993). Screening for Genomic Point Mutations in Formalin-Fixed, Paraffin-Embedded Material by Denaturing Gradient Gel Electrophoresis (DGGE). United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology.

Tali, E. T., Yuh, W. T., Nguyen, H. D., Feng, G., Koci, T. M., Jinkins, J. R., Robinson, R. A. & Hasso, A. N. (1993). Cystic acoustic schwannomas: MR characteristics. AJNR. American journal of neuroradiology, 14(5), 1241-7. PMID: 8237710.

Wilke, W. W., Robinson, R. A. & Kennard, C. D. (1993). H-ras-1 gene mutations in basal cell carcinoma: automated direct sequencing of clinical specimens. Modern pathology : an official journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc, 6(1), 15-9. PMID: 8426854.

Robinson, R. A. (1993). Oncogene Amplification Screening by Labeled Primary Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction (LP-MPCR) in Thin Gels. United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology.

Bonney, W. W., Robinson, R. A. & Theobald, R. J. (1993). Topical Effect of Intravesical Oxybutynin. J Urol,(150), 1522-1525.

Robinson, R. A. (1993). Morphometric Studies in Early Stage Breast Cancer with an Intraductal Component Using Computerized Image Analysis. Radiat Oncology Invest,(1), 153-166.

Robinson, R. A. (1993). Mutations of the H-ras-1 Gene and p53 Overexpression in Soft Tissue Sarcomas. United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology.

Robinson, R. A. (1993). Genomic p53 Mutations in Squamous Cell Carcinomas of the Larynx. United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology.

Robinson, R. A. (1993). Elevated Expression of the p53 protein and Detection of p53 Gene Point Mutations in Minimally Invasive Squamous Cell Carcinomas (SCC) of the Skin. United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology.

Robinson, R. A. (1993). Clinicopathologic Correlation of Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen (PCNA) and Neu Expression in Pulmonary Adenocarcinoma. United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology.

Robinson, R. A. (1993). Oligonucleotide Ligation Assay: Clinical Assay: Clinical Applications for Point Mutation Determination. United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology.

Robinson, R. A. (1993). P53 Overexpression in Pediatric Embryonal Sarcoma of the Liver. Society for Pediatric Pathology.

Wilke, W., Maillet, M. & Robinson, R. A. (1993). H-ras-1 point mutations in soft tissue sarcomas. Modern pathology : an official journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc, 6(2), 129-32. PMID: 8483882.

Buller, R. E., Anderson, B., Connor, J. P. & Robinson, R. A. (1993). Familial ovarian cancer. Gynecologic oncology, 51(2), 160-6. PMID: 7903948.

Robinson, R. A. (1993). Mutations of the H-ras-1 Gene and p53 Overexpression in Soft Tissue Sarcomas. United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology.

Robinson, R. A. (1993). Identification of Human Papillomavirus DNA in Young Patients with Upper Aerodigestive Tract Squamous Cell Carcinoma (SCC) with No Other Associated Risk Factors. United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology.

Robinson, R. A. (1992). H-Ras Mutations in Astrocytomas: Correlation with Other Oncogene Abnormalities. United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology.

Robinson, R. A. (1992). H-ras-1 Point Mutations in Basal Cell Carcinomas: Determination by Automated Direct Sequencing. United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology.

Robinson, R. A. (1992). Oncogene Abnormalities in Sarcomas: A Clinicopathologic Study with Use of Oncogene Panels. United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology.

Robinson, R. A. (1992). H-RAS-1 Point Mutations in Soft Tissue Sarcomas. United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology.

Burgart, L. J., Robinson, R. A., Heller, M. J., Wilke, W. W., Iakoubova, O. K. & Cheville, J. C. (1992). Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction. Mod Pathol,(5), 320-323. PMID: 1323106.

Robinson, R. A. (1992). Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen (PCNA) Expression in Astrocytomas: Correlation with Oncogenic Abnormalities. United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology.

Robinson, R. A. (1992). Genomic Sequencing of Human Tumors: Advantages and Pitfalls of Use of an Automated DNA Sequencer. United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology.

Doornbos, J. F., Hussey, D. H., Robinson, R. A., Wen, B. C. & Vigliotti, A. P. (1992). Results of radical perineal prostatectomy with adjuvant brachytherapy. Radiology, 184(2), 333-9. PMID: 1620824.

Robinson, R. A. (1992). Defining the limits of DNA cytometry. American journal of clinical pathology, 98(3), 275-7. PMID: 1529960.

Heller, M. J., Robinson, R. A., Burgart, L. J., TenEyck, C. J. & Wilke, W. W. (1992). DNA extraction by sonication: a comparison of fresh, frozen, and paraffin-embedded tissues extracted for use in polymerase chain reaction assays. Modern pathology : an official journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc, 5(2), 203-6. PMID: 1574499.

Robinson, R. A. (1992). Genomic Alternations in Sarcomas. International Academy of Pathology.

Maillet, M. W., Robinson, R. A. & Burgart, L. J. (1992). Genomic alterations in sarcomas: a histologic correlative study with use of oncogene panels. Modern pathology : an official journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc, 5(4), 410-4. PMID: 1495946.

Kern, J. A., Robinson, R. A., Gazdar, A., Torney, L. & Weiner, D. B. (1992). Mechanisms of p185HER2 expression in human non-small cell lung cancer cell lines. American journal of respiratory cell and molecular biology, 6(4), 359-63. PMID: 1312850.

Goetz, S. P., Robinson, R. A. & Landas, S. K. (1992). Extraskeletal myxoid chondrosarcoma of the pleura - Report of a case clinically simulating mesothelioma. American journal of clinical pathology, 97(4), 498-502. PMID: 1553915.

Robinson, R. A. (1991). Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction Assays: Potential Clinical and Practical Uses. United States Canadian Academy of Pathology Annual Meeting.

Selke, F. W., Laszewski, M. J., Robinson, R. A., Davis, R. & Rossi, N. P. (1991). Hemangiopericytoma of the sternum. Arch Pathol Lab Med, 115(3), 242-244. PMID: 2001163.

Robinson, R. A. (1991). Follicular Neoplasms of the Thyroid: A Clinicopathologic Comparison of Neoplasms Diagnosed as Follicular Carcinoma and Follicular Adenoma with 10-Year Minimum Follow-Up. United States Canadian Academy of Pathology Annual Meeting.

Hawes, D., Robinson, R. A. & Wira, R. (1991). Pseudomyxoma peritonei from metastatic colloid carcinoma of the breast. Gastrointestinal radiology, 16(1), 80-2. PMID: 1846836.

Robinson, R. A. (1991). Oncogene Abnormalities in Astrocytomas: EGF-R Gene Alone Appears to be More Frequently Amplified and Rearranged Compared to Other Protooncogenes. United States Canadian Academy of Pathology Annual Meeting.

Williams, J. M., Robinson, R. A. & Solursh, M. (1991). Immunohistochemical localization of TGF-B1 during morphogenetic movements of the developing mouse palate. Journal of craniofacial genetics and developmental biology, 11(3), 138-45. PMID: 1761646.

Robinson, R. A. (1991). CMV Detection in Histologically Negative Open Lung Biopsy Specimens by Use of PCR: A Clinicopathologic Study with Follow Up. United States Canadian Academy of Pathology Annual Meeting.

Selke, F. W., Laszewwski, M. J., Robinson, R. R., Davis, R. & Rossi, N. P. (1991). Hemangiopericytoma of the sternum. Arch Pathol Lab Med, 115(3), 242-243. PMID: 2001163.

Yuh, W. T., Buehner, L. S., Kao, S. C., Robinson, R. A., Dolan, K. D. & Phillips, J. J. (1991). Magnetic resonance imaging of pediatric head and neck cystic hygromas. The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology, 100(9 Pt 1), 737-42. PMID: 1952667.

Heller, M. J., Burgart, L. J., Anderson, M. E., Greiner, T. C. & Robinson, R. A. (1991). An Efficient Method for the Extraction of DNA from Formalin-Fixed, Paraffin-Embedded Tissue by Sonication. Bio-Techniques,(11), 372-374, 376-377. PMID: 1931037.

Burgart, L. J., Heller, M. J., Reznicek, M. J., Greiner, T. C., Teneyck, C. J. & Robinson, R. A. (1991). Cytomegalovirus detection in bone marrow transplant patients with idiopathic pneumonitis. A clinicopathologic study of the clinical utility of the polymerase chain reaction on open lung biopsy specimen tissue. American journal of clinical pathology, 96(5), 572-6. PMID: 1659181.

Robinson, R. A. (1991). An Improved Rapid Technique of DNA Extraction for Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) Assay.

Headley, D. B., Gapany, M., Dawson, D. E., Kruse, G. D., Robinson, R. A. & McCabe, B. F. (1991). The Effect of Hyperbaric Oxygen on Growth of Human Squamous Cell Carcinoma Xenografts. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg, 117(11), 1269-1272. PMID: 1747231.

Mayr, N. A., Staples, J. J., Robinson, R. A., Vanmetre, J. E. & Hussey, D. H. (1991). Morphometric studies in intraductal breast carcinoma using computerized image analysis. Cancer, 67(11), 2805-12. PMID: 1851048.

Boesen, P. V., Laszewski, M. J., Robinson, R. A. & Dawson, D. E. (1991). Squamous cell carcinoma in an inverted papilloma of the buccal mucosa. The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology, 100(9 Pt 1), 748-50. PMID: 1952669.

Robinson, R. A. (1991). Traumatic Osteolysis of the Clavicle. American Roentgen Ray Society.

Justin, E. P., Seabold, J. E., Robinson, R. A., Walker, W. P., Gurll, N. J. & Hawes, D. R. (1991). Insular carcinoma: a distinct thyroid carcinoma with associated iodine-131 localization. Journal of nuclear medicine : official publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine, 32(7), 1358-63. PMID: 2066790.

Mayr, N. A., Staples, J. J., Robinson, R. A. & VanMetre, J. E. (1990). Intraductal breast carcinoma - Initial Results of a Morphometric Study Using Computerized Digital Image Analysis. Clin Oncol,(2), 66-70.

Robinson, R. A. (1990). Mechanisms of p185neu overexpression in non-small cell human lung cancer cell lines. Am Assoc Cancer Res.

Bonney, W. W., Robinson, R. A. (1990). Use of absorbable staples in continent ileal pouches. Urology,(35), 57-62.

Weiner, D. B., Nordberg, J., Robinson, R. A., Nowell, P. C., Gazdar, A., Greene, M. I., Williams, W. V., Cohen, J. A. & Kern, J. A. (1990). Expression of the neu gene-encoded protein (P185neu) in human non-small cell carcinomas of the lung. Cancer research, 50(2), 421-5. PMID: 1967224.

Staples, J. J., Robinson, R. A., Wen, B. C. & Hussey, D. H. (1990). Hemangiopericytoma--the role of radiotherapy. International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics, 19(2), 445-51. PMID: 2394622.

Robinson, R. A. (1990). DNA flow cytometry is a predictor of survival in astrocytomas. Am Assoc Neurosurg.

Cheville, J. C., Clamon, G. H. & Robinson, R. A. (1990). Silver-stained nucleolar organizer regions in the differentiation of prostatic hyperplasia, intraepithelial neoplasia, and adenocarcinoma. Modern pathology : an official journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc, 3(5), 596-8. PMID: 1700418.

Kern, J. A., Schwartz, D. A., Nordberg, J. E., Weiner, D. B., Greene, M. I., Torney, L. & Robinson, R. A. (1990). p185neu expression in human lung adenocarcinomas predicts shortened survival. Cancer research, 50(16), 5184-7. PMID: 1974168.

Maves, M., Aquiar, S., Massanari, S. M. & Robinson, R. M. (1989). Case report and review of the literature. Head Neck,(113), 274-278.

Robinson, R. A. (1989). p185neu expression in human non-small cell lung carcinoma predicts diminished survival. Am Assoc Cancer Res.

Maves, M. D., Massanari, R. M. & Robinson, R. A. (1989). Botryomycosis - Case report and review of the literature. Head and Neck, 11, 274-278. PMID: 2656585.

Robinson, R. A. (1989). Hemangiopericytoma: The Role of Radiation Therapy. (Vols. 17). (1 Suppl) Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics.

Lager, D. J., O'Connor, J. C., Robinson, R. A., Brown, R. C. & Urdaneta, L. F. (1989). Factitious microcalcifications in breast biopsy material: laboratory-induced error by use of tattoo powder for specimen mammography. Journal of surgical oncology, 40(4), 281-2. PMID: 2927141.

Fischer, J. R., Abdul-Karim, F. W. & Robinson, R. A. (1989). Intraparotid Nodular Fasciitis. Arch Pathol Lab Med,(113), 1276-1278. PMID: 2818150.

Greiner, T. C., Robinson, R. A. & Maves, M. D. (1989). Adenoid cystic carcinoma - A clinicopathologic study with flow cytometric analysis. American journal of clinical pathology, 92(6), 711-20. PMID: 2556015.

Garner, S. L., Robinson, R. A., Maves, M. D. & Barnes, C. H. (1989). Salivary gland carcinosarcoma: true malignant mixed tumor. The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology, 98(8 Pt 1), 611-4. PMID: 2764443.

Robinson, R. A. (1988). Urethral Neoplasms in Females - Poster Presentation. American Society of Clinical Pathologists.

Sahin, A., Robinson, R. A. (1988). Papillae formation in parathyroid adenoma. A source of possible diagnostic error. Arch Pathol Lab Med,(112), 99-100. PMID: 3337625.

Hoffman, H. T., Karnell, L. H., Funk, G. F., Robinson, R. A. & Menck, H. R. (1988). The National Cancer Data Base report on cancer of the head and neck. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg., 9(124), 951-962. PMID: 9738803.

Robinson, R. A. (1988). Nuclear DNA Content in Paraffin Embedded Adenoid Cystic Carcinomas of the Head and Neck. Society of Analytical Cytology.

Lager, D. J., Goeken, J. A., Kemp, J. D. & Robinson, R. A. (1988). Squamous metaplasia of the prostate - An immunohistochemical study. American journal of clinical pathology, 90(5), 597-601. PMID: 2459960.

Dale, J. C., Robinson, R. A. (1988). Malakoplakia of the parotid gland. The Journal of laryngology and otology, 102(8), 737-40. PMID: 3418232.

Robinson, R. A. (1988). Analysis of Nuclear DNA Content and Histological Grading of Adenoid Cystic Carcinomas of the Head and Neck. American Society of Clinical Pathologists.

Robinson, R. A. (1987). Chondroma of Larynx. American Academy of Otolaryngology.

Robinson, R. A. (1987). Spindle cell "carcinomas" of the head and neck: An immunohistochemical and electron microscopic study. International Academy of Pathology Meeting.

O'Connor, J. C., Robinson, R. A. (1987). Review of diseases presenting as "midline granuloma". Clinical implications for the appropriate workup of patients with midline granuloma syndrome with emphasis on recent diagnostic advances in lymphoid neoplasms that present as midline destructive lesions. Acta oto-laryngologica. Supplementum, 439, 16-Jan. PMID: 3321882.

Robinson, R. A. (1987). Follicular carcinoma of the thyroid: A clinicopathologic study with 10 year minimum followup. nternational Academy of Pathology Meeting.

Robinson, R. A. (1987). Prostate squamous metaplasia: Immunohistochemical characterization. American Society of Clinical Pathologists.

Robinson, R. A. (1987). Characterization of colloid-like material in parathyroid adenomas. American Society of Clinical Pathologists.

Bonney, W. W., Robinson, R. A., Lachenbruch, P. A. & Culp, D. A. (1987). Yield of cancer tissue from prostatic needle biopsy. Urology, 29(2), 153-6. PMID: 3811093.

Hart, M. N., Linthicum, D. S., Waldschmidt, M. M., Tassell, S. K., Schelper, R. L. & Robinson, R. A. (1987). Experimental autoimmune inflammatory myopathy. Journal of neuropathology and experimental neurology, 46(5), 511-21. PMID: 3625232.

Hyman, B. T., Landas, S. K., Ashman, R. F., Schelper, R. L. & Robinson, R. A. (1987). Warfarin-related purple toes syndrome and cholesterol microembolization. The American journal of medicine, 82(6), 1233-7. PMID: 3605140.

Robinson, R. A. (1987). Tubulocystic adenocarcinoma arising in the nasal cavity. The Journal of laryngology and otology, 101(6), 607-10. PMID: 3598363.

Robinson, R. A. (1986). Paradoxical binding of vasoactive amines to cultured cerebral microvessel-derived endothelial cells. pp. Abstract #1510. Fed Proc 45.

Robinson, R. A. (1986). Immunosuppression to extend duration of SRCA. Am Cancer Res.

Robinson, R. A. (1986). Preliminary characterization of a transformed mouse cerebral microvessel endothelial cell line. Lab Invest,(54), 579-588.

Bonney, W. W., Johnson, J., Robinson, R. A., Lachenbruch, P. A. & Leafgreen, R. (1986). Stability of sublines in the R3327-H rat prostatic tumor. The Journal of urology, 136(6), 1335-42. PMID: 3773119.

Robinson, R. A. (1986). Hepatic teratoma in an anencephalic fetus. Arch Pathol Lab Med,(110), 655-657.

Robinson, R. A., Teneyck, C. J. & Hart, M. N. (1986). Growth control in cerebral microvessel-derived endothelial cells. Brain research, 384(1), 114-20. PMID: 3491656.

Robinson, R. A. (1986). Salivary gland carcinosarcoma: The true malignant mixed tumor. American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery.

Robinson, R. A. (1986). Glomerular hyperplasia in glioblastoma: Origin from smooth muscle cells. pp. 327. Am Assoc Neuropathologists.

Robinson, R. A. (1985). Tumor heterogeneity and subline stability. (Abstract #45) Fed Proc 44.

Clamon, G., Loh, P. M., White, M. & Robinson, R. A. (1985). Development and characterization of a human ovarian cancer cell line which clones without agar in vitro. Gynecologic oncology, 20(1), 92-9. PMID: 2981193.

Robinson, R. A. (1985). Tumor detection in surgical biopsies by specific fluorescence. Proc Am Assoc Cancer Res.

Robinson, R. A. (1985). Characterization of a human ovarian carcinoma cell line. Gynecol Oncol, 20, 92-99.

Robinson, R. A. (1985). Effect of treatment dose and schedule in the SRCA. Fed Proc 44, #4292.

Robinson, R. A. (1984). Prostatic needle biopsy for chemosensitivity testing. Proc Am Assoc Cancer Res.

Robinson, R. A. (1984). Growth control of cerebral microvessel derived smooth muscle cells. (Vols. Suppl). (8A), pp. 255. J Cell Biochem.

Robinson, R. A. (1984). Prostatic tumor cell heterogeneity. Proc Am Assoc Cancer Res.

Robinson, R. A. (1984). Subrenal capsule assay of tumor growth. Proc Am Assoc Cancer Res.

Loh, P. M., Clamon, G. H., Robinson, R. A., White, M. L., Hukku, B., Rossi, N. P. & Peterson, W. D. (1984). Establishment and characterization of four new human non-small cell lung cancer cell lines. Cancer research, 44(8), 3561-9. PMID: 6744280.

Robinson, R. A. (1984). Growth control in mouse cerebral microvessel derived endothelial cells. (Vols. 43). (4), pp. 972. Fed Proc Abstracts.

Blair, W. F., Robinson, R. A. & Buckwalter, J. A. (1984). Chondromyxoid fibroma in a carpal bone. Clinical orthopaedics and related research,(188), 199-202. PMID: 6467715.

Clamon, G. H., Robinson, R. A. & Olberding, E. B. (1984). Prolonged remission of metastatic malignant fibrous histiocytoma induced by combination chemotherapy. Journal of surgical oncology, 26(2), 113-4. PMID: 6330457.

Robinson, R. A. (1984). Chondrosarcoma of the epiglottis with pulmonary metastases. American Academy of Otolaryngology.

Robinson, R. A. (1982). Growth factors, growth factor receptors and cell cycle control mechanisms in chemically trnasformed cells. Fed Proc,(41), 3008-3011.

Robinson, R. A., Branum, E. L., Volkenant, M. E. & Moses, H. L. (1982). Cell cycle variation in 125I-labeled epidermal growth factor binding in chemically transformed cells. Cancer research, 42(7), 2633-8. PMID: 6979383.

Robinson, R. A., Abdou, N. L. & Abdou, N. I. (1981). Immunoregulatory T-cell dysfunction in polyclonal gammopathy. Journal of clinical immunology, 1(1), 45-9. PMID: 6460783.

Robinson, R. A. (1981). Epidermal growth factor receptors in chemically transformed cells. (Vols. Suppl). (5), pp. 237. J Supramol Struct Cell Biol.

Moses, H. L., Branum, E. L., Proper, J. A. & Robinson, R. A. (1981). Transforming growth factor production by chemically transformed cells. Cancer research, 41(7), 2842-8. PMID: 6265069.

Kyle, R. A., Robinson, R. A. & Katzmann, J. A. (1981). The clinical aspects of biclonal gammopathies - Review of 57 cases. The American journal of medicine, 71(6), 999-1008. PMID: 6797297.

Robinson, R. A., Volkenant, M. E., Ryan, R. J. & Moses, H. L. (1981). Decreased epidermal growth factor binding in cells growth arrested in G1 by nutrient deficiency. Journal of cellular physiology, 109(3), 517-24. PMID: 6459329.

Robinson, R. A. (1980). Cell cycle and chemical transformation effects on epidermal growth factor receptors. (Vols. Suppl). (4), pp. 168. J Supramol Struct.

Robinson, R. A. (1979). Epidermal growth factor receptors in chemically transformed and non-transformed cells in culture. (20), pp. 177. Cancer.

Robinson, R. A. (1978). Suppressor T-cell dysfunction in polyclonal gammopathy (PG). (Vols. 52 Suppl). (1), pp. 142. Blood.

Jacobs, D. S., Robinson, R. A., Clark, G. M. & Tucker, J. M. (1977). Clinical significance of the isomorphic pattern of the isoenzymes of serum lactate dehydrogenase. Annals of clinical and laboratory science, 7(5), 411-21. PMID: 900865.