Michael Flaum, MD

Portrait
Clinical Professor of Psychiatry

Contact Information

Office: 1-401 Medical Education Building
Iowa City, IA 52242
319-353-4340

Education

BS, Columbia University
MD, State University of New York

Resident, Psychiatry, New York University Medical Center
Fellow, Neurobiology (Clinical), Schizophrenia (Research), Department of Psychiatry, University of Iowa

Licensure and Certifications

Psychiatry certification - American Board of Psychiatry & Neurology

Research Summary

Public and Community Psychiatry; Schizophrenia and Psychotic Disorders; Motivational Interviewing

Publications

Flaum, M. A. (2017). When Will Telepsychiatry Reach Its "Tipping Point"?. Psychiatric services (Washington, D.C.), 68(12), 1205. PMID: 29191149.

Flaum, M. (2013). Telemental Health as a Solution to the Widening Gap between Supply and Demand for Mental Health Services. In K. Myer , C. L. Turvey (Eds.) Telemental Health: Clinical, Technical and Administrative Foundations for Evidence-Based Practice. pp. 11-25. Elsevier Inc.

Flaum, M. (2010). Strategies to close the "mortality gap". The American Journal of Psychiatry, 167(2), 120-1. PMID: 20123917.

Fiedorowicz, J. G., Epping, E. A. & Flaum, M. (2008). Toward defining schizophrenia as a more useful clinical concept. Current Psychiatry Reports, 10(4), 344-51. PMID: 18627674.

Carnahan, R. M., Lund, B. C., Perry, P. J., Chrischilled, E. A. & Flaum, M. (2007). Antipsychotic polytherapy in a state Medicaid program from 1990 to 2001. Journal of College of Psychiatric and Neurologic Pharmacists.

McCormick, L. M., Flaum, M. (2005). Diagnosing schizophrenia circa 2005: how and why?. Current Psychiatry Reports, 7(4), 311-5. PMID: 16098286.

Ho, B. C., Flaum, M., Hubbard, W., Arndt, S. & Andreasen, N. C. (2004). Validity of symptom assessment in psychotic disorders: information variance across different sources of history. Schizophrenia Research, 68(2-3), 299-307. PMID: 15099611.

Moser, D. J., Arndt, S., Kanz, J. E., Benjamin, M. L., Bayless, J. D., Reese, R. L., Paulsen, J. S. & Flaum, M. A. (2004). Coercion and informed consent in research involving prisoners. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 45(1), 1-9. PMID: 14671730.

Ho, B. C., Andreasen, N., Nopoulos, P., Arndt, S., Magnotta, V. A. & Flaum, M. (2003). Progressive structural brain abnormalities and their relationship to clinical outcome: a longitudinal magnetic resonance imaging study early in schizophrenia. Archives of General Psychiatry, 60(6), 585-94. PMID: 12796222.

Franck, N., O'Leary, D. S., Flaum, M., Hichwa, R. D. & Andreasen, N. C. (2002). Cerebral blood flow changes associated with Schneiderian first-rank symptoms in schizophrenia. The Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, 14(3), 277-82. PMID: 12154151.

Arndt, S., Turvey, C. & Flaum, M. (2002). Older offenders, substance abuse, and treatment. American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 10(6), 733-9. PMID: 12427582.

Chemerinski, E., Ho, B. C., Flaum, M., Arndt, S., Fleming, F. & Andreasen, N. C. (2002). Insomnia as a predictor for symptom worsening following antipsychotic withdrawal in schizophrenia. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 43(5), 393-6. PMID: 12216015.

Lund, B. C., Flaum, M., Adam, L. A. & Perry, P. J. (2002). Psychiatric prescribing trends and practices in Iowa's prisons. Psychiatric Services, 53(8), 1023-4. PMID: 12161679.

O'Leary, D. S., Block, R. I., Koeppel, J. A., Flaum, M., Schultz, S. K., Andreasen, N. C., Ponto, L. B., Watkins, G. L., Hurtig, R. R. & Hichwa, R. D. (2002). Effects of smoking marijuana on brain perfusion and cognition. Neuropsychopharmacology, 26(6), 802-16. PMID: 12007751.

White, T., O'Leary, D., Magnotta, V., Arndt, S., Flaum, M. & Andreasen, N. C. (2001). Anatomic and functional variability: The effects of filter size in group fMRI data analysis. NeuroImage, 13(4), 577-88. PMID: 11305887.

O'Leary, D. S., Block, R. I., Flaum, M., Schultz, S. K., Boles Ponto, L. L., Watkins, G. L., Hurtig, R. R., Andreasen, N. C. & Hichwa, R. D. (2000). Acute marijuana effects on rCBF and cognition: a PET study. NeuroReport, 11(17), 3835-41. PMID: 11117500.

Ho, B. C., Andreasen, N. C., Flaum, M., Nopoulos, P. & Miller, D. (2000). Untreated initial psychosis: its relation to quality of life and symptom remission in first-episode schizophrenia. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 157(5), 808-15. PMID: 10784476.

O'Leary, D. S., Flaum, M., Kesler, M. L., Flashman, L. A., Arndt, S. & Andreasen, N. C. (2000). Cognitive correlates of the negative, disorganized, and psychotic symptom dimensions of schizophrenia. The Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, 12(1), 4-15. PMID: 10678506.

Nopoulos, P., Flaum, M., O'Leary, D. & Andreasen, N. C. (2000). Sexual dimorphism in the human brain: evaluation of tissue volume, tissue composition and surface anatomy using magnetic resonance imaging. Psychiatry Research, 98(1), 1-13. PMID: 10708922.

Nopoulos, P., Miller, D. D., Flaum, M. & Andreasen, N. C. (2000). Issues in the assessment of negative symptom treatment response. In R. S. Keefe , J. P. McEvoy (Eds.) Negative Symptom and Cognitive Deficit Treatment Response in Schizophrenia. pp. 19-31. American Psyhiatric Press.

Andreasen, N., Nopoulos, P., O'Leary, D. S., Miller, D., Wassink, T. & Flaum, M. (1999). Defining the phenotype of schizophrenia: cognitive dysmetria and its neural mechanisms. Biological Psychiatry, 46(7), 908-20. PMID: 10509174.

Wassink, T., Andreasen, N., Nopoulos, P. & Flaum, M. (1999). Cerebellar morphology as a predictor of symptom and psychosocial outcome in schizophrenia. Biological Psychiatry, 45(1), 41-8. PMID: 9894574.

Magnotta, V. A., Andreasen, N. C., Schultz, S. K., Harris, G., Cizadlo, T., Heckel, D., Nopoulos, P. & Flaum, M. (1999). Quantitative in vivo measurement of gyrification in the human brain: changes associated with aging. Cerebral Cortex, 9(2), 151-60. PMID: 10220227.

Wassink, T. H., Flaum, M., Nopoulos, P. & Andreasen, N. C. (1999). Prevalence of depressive symptoms early in the course of schizophrenia. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 156(2), 315-6. PMID: 9989572.

Flaum, M., Amador, X. A., Andreasen, N. C., Arndt, S. V., Bracha, H. S., Edell, W., MCGlashan, T., McGorry, P., Pandurangi A, Robinson, D., Ontiveros, A. & Tohen, M. (1998). The DSM-IV field trails for schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders. In T. A. Widiger , A. J. Frances , H. A. Pincus (Eds.) DSM-IV Sourcebook, Volume 4. pp. 987-713. American Psychiatric Association.

Nopoulos, P., Flaum, M., Arndt, S. & Andreasen, N. (1998). Morphometry in schizophrenia revisited: height and its relationship to pre-morbid function. Psychological Medicine, 28(3), 655-63. PMID: 9626721.

Flashman, L. A., Andreasen, N. C., Flaum, M. & Swayze, V. W. (1998). Intelligence and regional brain volumes in noraml controls. Intelligence, 25, 149-160.

Nopoulos, P., Swayze, V., Flaum, M. & Andreasen, N. C. (1998). Incidence of ectopic gray matter in patients with schizophrenia and healthy control subjects studied with MRI. The Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, 10(3), 351-3. PMID: 9706544.

Gold, S., Christian, B., Arndt, S., Zeien, G., Cizadlo, T., Johnson, D. L., Flaum, M. & Andreasen, N. C. (1998). Functional MRI statistical software packages: a comparative analysis. Human Brain Mapping, 6(2), 73-84. PMID: 9673664.

Ho, B. C., Nopoulos, P., Flaum, M., Arndt, S. & Andreasen, N. C. (1998). Two-year outcome in first-episode schizophrenia: predictive value of symptoms for quality of life. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 155(9), 1196-201. PMID: 9734542.

Flaum, M., Andreasen, N. C. & Widiger, T. A. (1998). Schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders in DSM-IV: Final Overview. In T. A. Widiger , A. J. Frances & H. A. Pincus (Eds.) DSM-IV Sourcebook, Volume 5. pp. 1007-18. American Psychiatric Association.

Andreasen, N. C., O'Leary, D. S., Flaum, M., Nopoulos, P., Watkins, G. L., Boles Ponto, L. L. & Hichwa, R. D. (1997). Hypofrontality in schizophrenia: distributed dysfunctional circuits in neuroleptic-naïve patients. Lancet, 349(9067), 1730-4. PMID: 9193383.

Nopoulos, P., Swayze, V., Flaum, M., Ehrhardt, J. C., Yuh, W. T. & Andreasen, N. C. (1997). Cavum septi pellucidi in normals and patients with schizophrenia as detected by magnetic resonance imaging. Biological Psychiatry, 41(11), 1102-8. PMID: 9146821.

Andreasen, N. C., Flaum, M., Schultz, S., Duzyurek, S. & Miller, D. (1997). Diagnosis, methodology and subtypes of schizophrenia. Neuropsychobiology, 35(2), 61-3. PMID: 9097293.

Schultz, S. K., Miller, D. D., Oliver, S. E., Arndt, S., Flaum, M. & Andreasen, N. C. (1997). The life course of schizophrenia: age and symptom dimensions. Schizophrenia Research, 23(1), 15-23. PMID: 9050124.

Gupta, S., Andreasen, N., Arndt, S., Flaum, M., Hubbard, W. C. & Ziebell, S. (1997). The Iowa Longitudinal Study of Recent Onset Psychosis: one-year follow-up of first episode patients. Schizophrenia Research, 23(1), 1-13. PMID: 9050123.

Nopoulos, P., Flaum, M. & Andreasen, N. C. (1997). Sex differences in brain morphology in schizophrenia. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 154(12), 1648-54. PMID: 9396941.

Ho, B. C., Andreasen, N. & Flaum, M. (1997). Dependence on public financial support early in the course of schizophrenia. Psychiatric Services, 48(7), 948-50. PMID: 9219306.

Flaum, M., Andreasen, N. C. (1997). Psychiatry. More choices for treating voices. Lancet, 350 Suppl 3, SIII22. PMID: 9465197.

Arndt, S., Gold, S., Cizadlo, T., Zheng, J., Ehrhardt, J. C. & Flaum, M. (1997). A method to determine activation thresholds in fMRI paradigms. Psychiatry Research, 75(1), 15-22. PMID: 9287370.

Andreasen, N. C., O'Leary, D., Arndt, S. V., Cizadlo, T. & Nopolous, P. (1996). Neural substrates of frontal function in schizophrenia. In R. J. Beninger , T. Palomo , T. Archer (Eds.) Dopamine Disease States. pp. 523-536. Universidad Complutense, Fundacion Cerebro y Mente.

Kirkpatrick, B., Amador, X. F., Flaum, M., Yale, S. A., Gorman, J. M., Carpenter, W. T., Tohen, M. & McGlashan, T. (1996). The deficit syndrome in the DSM-IV Field Trial: I. Alcohol and other drug abuse. Schizophrenia Research, 20(1-2), 69-77. PMID: 8794495.

Strakowski, S. M., Flaum, M., Amador, X., Bracha, H. S., Pandurangi, A. K., Robinson, D. & Tohen, M. (1996). Racial differences in the diagnosis of psychosis. Schizophrenia Research, 21(2), 117-24. PMID: 8873779.

Flaum, M. (1996). Making sense of schizophrenia. Hospital Practice, 31(11), 51-2, 55-6, 59-60 passim. PMID: 8941161.

Amador, X. F., Friedman, J. H., Kasapis, C., Yale, S. A., Flaum, M. & Gorman, J. M. (1996). Suicidal behavior in schizophrenia and its relationship to awareness of illness. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 153(9), 1185-8. PMID: 8780423.

Flaum, M., Schultz, S. K. (1996). When does amphetamine-induced psychosis become schizophrenia?. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 153(6), 812-5. PMID: 8633695.

Flaum, M. (1996). Nosological comments on culture and organic and psychotic disorders. In J. E. Messich , A. Kleinman , H. Fabrega Jr , D. Parron (Eds.) Culture and Psychiatric Diagnosis: A DSM-IV Perspective. pp. 75-78. American Psychiatric Association.

Flaum, M., Schultz, S. K. (1996). The core symptoms of schizophrenia. Annals of Medicine, 28(6), 525-31. PMID: 9017111.

Flashman, L. A., Flaum, M., Gupta, S. & Andreasen, N. C. (1996). Soft signs and neuropsychological performance in schizophrenia. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 153(4), 526-32. PMID: 8599401.

Andreasen, N., Swayze, V., O'Leary, D. S., Nopoulos, P., Cizadlo, T., Harris, G., Arndt, S. & Flaum, M. (1995). Abnormalities in midline attentional circuitry in schizophrenia: evidence from magnetic resonance and positron emission tomography. European Neuropsychopharmacology, 5 Suppl, 37-41. PMID: 8775757.

Andreasen, N. C., Flaum, M. (1995). Nosology, phenomenology, and diagnosis. In M. H. Sacks , W. H. Sledge , C. Warren (Eds.) Core Readings in Psychiatry: An Annotated Guide to the Literature. pp. 113-128. American Psychiatric Association.

Andreasen, N. C., Arndt, S., O'Leary, D., Flaum, M. & Nopolous, P. (1995). Clinical presentation and cognitive dysfunction in schizophrenia. In N. Brunello , G. Racagni , S. Z. Langer , J. Mendlewicz (Eds.) Critical Issues in the treatment of schizophrenia. pp. 1-8. International Academy for Biomedical and Drug Research.

Flaum, M., Andreasen, N. C. (1995). Brain morphology in schizotypal personality as assessed by magnetic resonance imaging. In A. Raine , Lencz , S. Mednick (Eds.) Schizotypal Personality. pp. 385-405. Cambridge University Press.

Andreasen, N. C., Roy, M. A. & Flaum, M. (1995). Positive and negative symptoms. In S. R. Hirsch , D. R. Weinberger (Eds.) Schizophrenia. pp. 28-45. Blackwell Science Ltd..

Flaum, M., Swayze, V. W., O'Leary, D. S., Yuh, W. T., Ehrhardt, J. C., Arndt, S. V. & Andreasen, N. C. (1995). Effects of diagnosis, laterality, and gender on brain morphology in schizophrenia. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 152(5), 704-14. PMID: 7726310.

Roy, M. A., Flaum, M. & Andreasen, N. C. (1995). No difference found between winter- and non-winter-born schizophrenic cases. Schizophrenia Research, 17(3), 241-8. PMID: 8664203.

Flaum, M., Andreasen, N. (1995). The reliability of distinguishing primary versus secondary negative symptoms. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 36(6), 421-7. PMID: 8565446.

Flaum, M., O'Leary, D. S., Swayze, V. W., Miller, D. D., Arndt, S. & Andreasen, N. C. (1995). Symptom dimensions and brain morphology in schizophrenia and related psychotic disorders. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 29(4), 261-76. PMID: 8847654.

Andreasen, N. C., Arndt, S., Miller, D., Flaum, M. & Nopoulos, P. (1995). Correlational studies of the Scale for the Assessment of Negative Symptoms and the Scale for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms: an overview and update. Psychopathology, 28(1), 7-17. PMID: 7871123.

Nopoulos, P. C., Flaum, M., Andreasen, N. C. & Swayze, V. W. (1995). Gray matter heterotopias in schizophrenia. Psychiatry Research, 61(1), 11-4. PMID: 7568565.

Arndt, S., Andreasen, N. C., Flaum, M., Miller, D. & Nopoulos, P. (1995). A longitudinal study of symptom dimensions in schizophrenia. Prediction and patterns of change. Archives of General Psychiatry, 52(5), 352-60. PMID: 7726715.

Flaum, M. (1995). The diagnosis of Schizophrenia. In C. L. Shriqui , H. A. Nasrallah (Eds.) Contemporary Issues in the Treatment of Schizophrenia. pp. 83-108. American Psychiatric Association.

Nopoulos, P., Torres, I., Flaum, M., Andreasen, N. C., Ehrhardt, J. C. & Yuh, W. T. (1995). Brain morphology in first-episode schizophrenia. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 152(12), 1721-3. PMID: 8526236.

Gupta, S., Rajaprabhakaran, R., Arndt, S., Flaum, M. & Andreasen, N. C. (1995). Premorbid adjustment as a predictor of phenomenological and neurobiological indices in schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Research, 16(3), 189-97. PMID: 7488564.

Andreasen, N., Arndt, S., Alliger, R., Miller, D. & Flaum, M. (1995). Symptoms of schizophrenia. Methods, meanings, and mechanisms. Archives of General Psychiatry, 52(5), 341-51. PMID: 7726714.

Andreasen, N. C., Flaum, M. (1995). The schizophrenia specturm: Perspectives from neuroimaging. In A. Marneros , N. C. Andreasen , M. T. Tsuang (Eds.) Psychotic Continuum. pp. 91-106. Springer-Verlag.

McGorry, P. D., Mihalopoulos, C., Henry, L., Dakis, J., Jackson, H. J., Flaum, M., Harrigan, S., McKenzie, D., Kulkarni, J. & Karoly, R. (1995). Spurious precision: procedural validity of diagnostic assessment in psychotic disorders. American Journal of Psychiatry, 152(2), 220-3. PMID: 7840355.

Gupta, S., Andreasen, N. C., Arndt, S., Flaum, M., Schultz, S. K., Hubbard, W. C. & Smith, M. (1995). Neurological soft signs in neuroleptic-naive and neuroleptic-treated schizophrenic patients and in normal comparison subjects. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 152(2), 191-6. PMID: 7840351.

Arndt, S., Tyrrell, G., Woolson, R. F., Flaum, M. & Andreasen, N. C. (1994). Effects of errors in a multicenter medical study: preventing misinterpreted data. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 28(5), 447-59. PMID: 7897616.

Andreasen, N. C., Swayze, V. W., Flaum, M., O'Leary, D. S., Alliger, R. J. & Cohen, G. (1994). The neural mechanisms of mental phenomena. In N. C. Andreasen (Eds.) Schizophrenia: From Mind to Molecule. pp. 49-92. American Psychiatric Association.

Andreasen, N. C., Flaum, M. (1994). The concept of schizophrenia and the development of DSM-IV. In T. Moroji , K. Yamamoto (Eds.) Contemporary Issues in the Treatment of Schizophrenia. pp. 3-14. Elsevier.

Andreasen, N. C., Flaum, M. (1994). Characteristic symptoms of schizophrenia. In T. A. Widiger (Eds.) DSM-IV Sourcebook, Volume 1. pp. 351-380. American Psychiatric Association.

Flaum, M., Andreasen, N. C., Swayze, V. W., O'Leary, D. S. & Alliger, R. J. (1994). IQ and brain size in schizophrenia. Psychiatry Research, 53(3), 243-57. PMID: 7870846.

Andreasen, N., Nopoulos, P., Schultz, S. K., Miller, D., Gupta, S., Swayze, V. & Flaum, M. (1994). Positive and negative symptoms of schizophrenia: Past, present, and future. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 384, 51-9. PMID: 7879644.

Amador, X. F., Flaum, M., Andreasen, N. C., Strauss, D. H., Yale, S. A., Clark, S. C. & Gorman, J. M. (1994). Awareness of illness in schizophrenia and schizoaffective and mood disorders. Archives of General Psychiatry, 51(10), 826-36. PMID: 7944872.

Andreasen, N. C., Harris, G., Cizadlo, T., Arndt, S., O'Leary, D. S., Swayze, V. & Flaum, M. (1994). Techniques for measuring sulcal/gyral patterns in the brain as visualized through magnetic resonance scanning: BRAINPLOT and BRAINMAP. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 91(1), 93-7. PMID: 8278413.

Nopoulos, P., Flashman, L., Flaum, M., Arndt, S. & Andreasen, N. (1994). Stability of cognitive functioning early in the course of schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Research, 14(1), 29-37. PMID: 7893619.

Andreasen, N. C., Flashman, L., Flaum, M., Arndt, S., Swayze, V., O'Leary, D. S., Ehrhardt, J. C. & Yuh, W. T. (1994). Regional brain abnormalities in schizophrenia measured with magnetic resonance imaging. The Journal of the American Medical Association, 272(22), 1763-9. PMID: 7966925.

Strakowski, S. M., Tohen, M., Flaum, M. & Amador, X. (1994). Substance abuse in psychotic disorders: associations with affective syndromes. Schizophrenia Research, 14(1), 73-81. PMID: 7893624.

Andreasen, N. C., Arndt, S., Swayze, V., Cizadlo, T., Flaum, M., O'Leary, D., Ehrhardt, J. C. & Yuh, W. T. (1994). Thalamic abnormalities in schizophrenia visualized through magnetic resonance image averaging. Science, 266(5183), 294-8. PMID: 7939669.

Miller, D. D., Flaum, M., Arndt, S., Fleming, F. & Andreasen, N. C. (1994). Effect of antipsychotic withdrawal on negative symptoms in schizophrenia. Neuropsychopharmacology, 11(1), 11-20. PMID: 7945739.

Roy, M. A., Flaum, M. A., Gupta, S., Jaramillo, L. & Andreasen, N. C. (1994). Epidemiological and clinical correlates of familial and sporadic schizophrenia. Acta psychiatrica Scandinavica, 89(5), 324-8. PMID: 8067271.

Roy, M. A., Flaum, M. A., Arndt, S. V., Crowe, R. R. & Andreasen, N. C. (1994). Magnetic resonance imaging in familial versus sporadic cases of schizophrenia. Psychiatry Research, 54(1), 25-36. PMID: 7701026.

Houlihan, D. J., Flaum, M., Arnold, S. E., Keshavan, M. & Alliger, R. (1994). Further evidence for olfactory identification deficits in schizophrenia. Schizophrenia research, 12(2), 179-82. PMID: 8043528.

Amador, X. F., Strauss, D. H., Yale, S. A., Flaum, M. M., Endicott, J. & Gorman, J. M. (1993). Assessment of insight in psychosis. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 150(6), 873-9. PMID: 8494061.

Andreasen, N. C., Flaum, M., Swayze, V., O'Leary, D. S., Alliger, R., Cohen, G., Ehrhardt, J. & Yuh, W. T. (1993). Intelligence and brain structure in normal individuals. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 150(1), 130-4. PMID: 8417555.

Andreasen, N. C., Rezai, K., Alliger, R., Swayze, V. W., Flaum, M., Kirchner, P., Cohen, G. & O'Leary, D. S. (1992). Hypofrontality in neuroleptic-naive patients and in patients with chronic schizophrenia. Assessment with xenon 133 single-photon emission computed tomography and the Tower of London. Archives of General Psychiatry, 49(12), 943-58. PMID: 1360199.

Andreasen, N. C., Flaum, M. & Arndt, S. (1992). The Comprehensive Assessment of Symptoms and History (CASH). An instrument for assessing diagnosis and psychopathology. Archives of General Psychiatry, 49(8), 615-23. PMID: 1637251.

Andreasen, N. C., Flaum, M., Arndt, S. V., Alliger, R. J., Miller, D. D. & O'Leary, D. S. (1992). Positive and negative symptoms and syndromes: Assessment and biological correlates. In F. P. Ferrero , A. Haynal , N. Sartorius (Eds.) Schizophrenia and Affective Psychosis. Nosology in Contemporary Psychiatry. pp. 79-87. John Libbey CIC.

Flaum, M. A., Andreasen, N. C. & Arndt, S. (1992). The Iowa prospective longitudinal study of recent-onset psychoses. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 18(3), 481-90. PMID: 1411335.

Arndt, S., Tyrrell, G., Flaum, M. & Andreasen, N. C. (1992). Comorbidity of substance abuse and schizophrenia: the role of pre-morbid adjustment. Psychological Medicine, 22(2), 379-88. PMID: 1615105.

Andreasen, N., Flaum, M. (1991). Schizophrenia: the characteristic symptoms. Schizophr Bull, 17(1), 27-49. PMID: 2047788.

Andreasen, N. C., Flaum, M. (1991). Schizophrenia: the characteristic symptoms. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 17(1), 27-49. PMID: 2047788.

Andreasen, N. C., Flaum, M., Arndt, S. V., Alliger, R. J. & Swayze, V. W. (1991). Positive and Negative Symptoms: Assessment and validity. In A. Marneros , N. C. Andreasen , M. T. Tsuang (Eds.) Negative vs. Positive Schizophrenia. pp. 28-51. Springer-Verlag.

Flaum, M., Andreasen, N. C. (1991). Diagnostic criteria for schizophrenia and related disorders: options for DSM-IV. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 17(1), 133-56. PMID: 2047783.

Flaum, M., Arndt, S. & Andreasen, N. C. (1991). The reliability of "bizarre" delusions. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 32(1), 59-65. PMID: 2001621.

Andreasen, N., Swayze, V., Flaum, M., Alliger, R. & Cohen, G. (1990). Ventricular abnormalities in affective disorder: clinical and demographic correlates. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 147(7), 893-900. PMID: 2356874.

Flaum, M. (1990). Neuroleptics and schizophrenia. Iowa Medicine, 80(2), 60-2. PMID: 1968448.

Nopoulos, P., Flaum, M. & Miller, D. (1990). Clozapine induced NMS without rigidity. Annals of Clinical Psychiatry, 2, 251-254.

Andreasen, N. C., Flaum, M., Swayze, V. W., Tyrrell, G. & Arndt, S. (1990). Positive and negative symptoms in schizophrenia- A critical reappraisal. Archives of General Psychiatry, 47(7), 615-21. PMID: 2360855.

Andreasen, N. C., Flaum, M. A. (1990). Schizophrenia and related psychotic disorders. Hospital and Cmmunity Psychiatry, 41(9), 954-6. PMID: 2210704.

Andreasen, N. C., Swayze, V. W., Flaum, M., Yates, W. R., Arndt, S. & McChesney, C. (1990). Ventricular enlargement in schizophrenia evaluated with computed tomographic scanning. Effects of gender, age, and stage of illness. Archives of General Psychiatry, 47(11), 1008-15. PMID: 2241503.

Flaum, M., Arndt, S. & Andreasen, N. C. (1990). The role of gender in studies of ventricle enlargement in schizophrenia: a predominantly male effect. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 147(10), 1327-32. PMID: 2400001.

Menza, M. A., Easton, J., Flaum, M. A., Frank, D. L., Goldberg, I. C. & Michell, M. Y. (1988). Approaches to the treatment of lithium-resistant mania. Psychiatric Medicine, 6(4), 73-87. PMID: 2907168.