Cynthia A. Wong, MD

Portrait
Chair and Department Executive Officer
Professor of Anesthesia - Obstetrical Anesthesia

Contact Information

Primary Office
6618 JCP
200 Hawkins Drive
Iowa City, IA 52242
319-356-3868

Education

Diploma, John Marshall High School
American Field Service Exchange Student
BA, Biology and Chemistry, Indiana University
Other, Fellowship, Institute For Immunobiology and Immunochemistry, University of Wurzburg
MD, Medicine, University of Chicago, Pritzker School of Medicine
Internship, Rush-Presbyterian-St. Lukes Medical Center
Resident, Rush-Presbyterian-St. Luke's Medical Center
Fellow, Advanced Critical Care, Rush-Presbyterian-St. Luke's Medical Center

Publications

Wong, C. A. (2018). Chapter 56: Obstetric Pain. In J. C. Ballantyne , S. M. Fishman , J. P. Rathnell (Eds.) Bonica’s Management of Pain. (5), pp. 904-954. Philadelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer.

Nixon, H. C., Stariha, J., Farrer, J., Wong, C. A., Maisels, M. & Toledo, P. (2018). Resident competency and proficiency in combined spinal-epidural catheter placement is improved using a computer-enhanced visual learning program: a randomized controlled trial. Anesthesia and analgesia. PMID: 30286007.

Butwick, A. J., Wong, C. A. & Guo, N. (2018). Maternal body mass index and use of labor neuraxial analgesia: a population-based retrospective cohort study. Anesthesiology, 129(3), 448-458. PMID: 29939847.

Yan, H., Hu, L., Wu, Y., Fan, Q., Wong, C. A. & McCarthy, R. J. (2018). The association of targeted cell salvage blood transfusion during cesarean delivery with allogeneic packed red blood cell transfusions in a maternity hospital in China. Anesthesia and analgesia, 127(3), 706-713. PMID: 29505447.

Bissing, M. A., Lange, E. M., Davila, W. F., Wong, C. A., McCarthy, R. J., Stock, M. C. & Toledo, P. (2018). Status of women in academic anesthesiology: a 10-year update. Anesthesia and analgesia. PMID: 30096082.

Wong, C. A. (2018). Dantrolene and malignant hyperthermia carts: do we need them on maternity units?. (Vols. 129). (2), pp. 225-227. Anesthesiology. PMID: 29847427.

Wong, C. A., Girard, T. (2018). Undertreated or overtreated? Opioids for postdelivery analgesia. (Vols. 121). (2), pp. 339-342. British journal of anaesthesia. PMID: 30032870.

Mayes, L. M., Wong, C. A., Zimmer, S., Fernandez-Bustamante, A. & Bartels, K. (2018). Gender differences in career development awards in United States' anesthesiology and surgery departments, 2006-2016. BMC anesthesiology, 18(1), 95. PMID: 30049265.

Guglielminotti, J., Landau, R., Wong, C. A. & Li, G. (2018). Patient-, hospital-, and neighborhood-level factors associated with severe maternal morbidity during childbirth: a cross-sectional study in New York State 2013-2014. Maternal and child health journal. PMID: 30014373.

Lim, G., Facco, F. L., Nathan, N., Waters, J. H., Wong, C. A. & Eltzschig, H. K. (2018). A review of the impact of obstetric anesthesia on maternal and neonatal outcomes. Anesthesiology, 129(1), 192-215. PMID: 29561267.

Guglielminotti, J., Landau, R., Wong, C. A. & Li, G. (2018). Criticality of maternal complications during childbirths. Journal of patient safety. PMID: 29985887.

Higgins, N., Fitzgerald, P. C., van Dyk, D., Dyer, R. A., Rodriguez, N., McCarthy, R. J. & Wong, C. A. (2018). The effect of prophylactic phenylephrine and ephedrine infusions on umbilical artery blood pH in women with preeclampsia undergoing Cesarean delivery with spinal anesthesia: a randomized, double-blind trial. Anesthesia and analgesia, 126(6), 1999-2006. PMID: 28953494.

Lange, E. M., Wong, C. A., Fitzgerald, P. C., Davila, W. F., Rao, S., McCarthy, R. J. & Toledo, P. (2018). Effect of epidural infusion bolus delivery rate on the duration of labor analgesia: a randomized clinical trial. Anesthesiology, 128(4), 745-753. PMID: 29351097.

Lange, E. M., Segal, S., Pancaro, C., Wong, C. A., Grobman, W. A., Russell, G. B. & Toledo, P. (2017). Association between Intrapartum Magnesium Administration and the Incidence of Maternal Fever: A Retrospective Cross-sectional Study. Anesthesiology, 127(6), 942-52. PMID: 28863031.

Toledo, P., Pumarino, J., Grobman, W. A., Wong, C. A., Holl, J. L. & Hasnain-Wynia, R. (2017). Patients' preferences for labor analgesic counseling: A qualitative analysis. Birth, 44(4), 345-51. PMID: 28474356.

Lee, A. I., McCarthy, R. J., Toledo, P., Jones, M. J., White, N. & Wong, C. A. (2017). Epidural labor analgesia-fentanyl dose and breastfeeding Success: a randomized clinical trial. Anesthesiology, 127(4), 614-24. PMID: 28926440.

Ituk, U., Wong, C. A. (2017). Overview of neuraxial anesthesia. In R. Maniker , M. Crowley (Eds.) UpToDate. Alphen aan den Rijn, Netherlands .

Ituk, U., Wong, C. A. (2017). Epidural labor analgesia: Whence come our patients' misconceptions?. (Vols. 42). pp. 84-85. Journal of clinical anesthesia. PMID: 28841452.

Ituk, U., Wong, C. A. (2017). Epidural and combined spinal-epidural anesthesia: techniques. In R. Maniker , M. Crowley (Eds.) UpToDate. Rijn, Netherlands: Alphen aan den.

Bauchat, J. R., McCarthy, R. & Wong, C. A. (2017). In Response to 'a perspective on hypercapnia events after cesarean delivery in women receiving intrathecal morphine'. (Vols. 125). (1), pp. 356-7. Anesthesia and analgesia. PMID: 28617701.

Ismail, S., Wong, C., Rajan, P. & Vidovich, M. I. (2017). ST-elevation acute myocardial infarction in pregnancy: 2016 update. Clinical cardiology, 40(6), 399-406. PMID: 28191905.

Toledo, P., Duce, L., Adams, J., Ross, V. H., Thompson, K. M. & Wong, C. A. (2017). Diversity in the American Society of Anesthesiologists leadership. Anesthesia and analgesia, 124(5), 1611-6. PMID: 28277321.

Wong, C. A. (2017). Neuraxial labor analgesia: does it influence the outcomes of labor?. Anesthesia and analgesia, 124(5), 1389-91. PMID: 28426580.

Gerlach, B., Shah, A. M., Lee, M. T., Wong, C. A., Sullivan, J. T. & Toledo, P. (2017). Publication rate of Abstracts Presented at the Society for Obstetric Anesthesia and Perinatology Annual Meetings 2010-2014. Anesthesia and analgesia, 124(3), 887-9. PMID: 28151821.

Van de Velde, M., Wong, C. A. (2017). Obstetric anaesthesia. (Vols. 31). (1), pp. 1-2. Best practice & research. Clinical anaesthesiology. PMID: 28625298.

Wong, C. A., Higgins, N. (2017). Terapias alternativas no farmacológicas del dolor asociado al trabajo de parto. In Casos clínicos en Anesthesia Obstétrica. pp. 51-61. Elsevier Spain.

Klumpner, T. T., Lange, E. M., Ahmed, H. S., Fitzgerald, P. C., Wong, C. A. & Toledo, P. (2016). An in vitro evaluation of the pressure generated during programmed intermittent epidural bolus injection at varying infusion delivery speeds. Journal of clinical anesthesia, 34, 632-7. PMID: 27687462.

Mhyre, J. M., Wong, C. A. (2016). The Anesthesia Workforce and Levels of Maternal Care. Anesthesia and analgesia, 122(6), 1763-5. PMID: 27195625.

Hu, L. Q., Flood, P., Li, Y., Tao, W., Zhao, P., Xia, Y., Pian-Smith, M. C., Stellaccio, F. S., Ouanes, J. P., Hu, F. & Wong, C. A. (2016). No pain labor and delivery: a global health initiative's impact on clinical outcomes in China. Anesthesia and analgesia, 122(6), 1931-8. PMID: 27195636.

Guglielminotti, J., Deneux-Tharaux, C., Wong, C. A. & Li, G. (2016). Hospital-level factors associated with anesthesia-related adverse events in Cesarean deliveries, New York state, 2009-2011. Anesthesia and analgesia, 122(6), 1947-56. PMID: 27195637.

Toledo, P., McLean, S., Duce, L., Wong, C. A., Schubert, A. & Ward, D. S. (2016). Evaluation of the Foundation for Anesthesia Education and Research Medical Student Anesthesia Research Fellowship Program Participants' Scholarly Activity and Career Choices. Anesthesiology, 124(5), 1168-73. PMID: 26928347.

Klumpner, T. T., Toledo, P., Wong, C. A. & Farrer, J. R. (2016). Interscapular pain associated with neuraxial labour analgesia: a case series. Canadian journal of anaesthesia, 63(4), 475-9. PMID: 26634280.

Wong, C. A., Scott, S., Jones, R. L., Walzer, J. & Geller, S. (2016). The state of Illinois obstetric hemorrhage project: pre-project and post-training examination scores. The journal of maternal-fetal & neonatal medicine: the official journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetr, 29(5), 845-9. PMID: 25758626.

DeLeon, A. M., Wong, C. A. (2016). Spinal anesthesia: technique. M. Crowley , S. B. Jones (Eds.) Alphen aan den Rijn: In UpToDate.

Toledo, P., Wong, C. A. (2016). Primary Spoken Language and Neuraxial Labor Analgesia Use Among Hispanic Medicaid Recipients. Anesthesia and analgesia, 122(1), 204-9. PMID: 26646349.

Patel, S. K., Gordon, E. J., Wong, C. A., Grobman, W. A., Goucher, H. & Toledo, P. (2015). Readability, Content, and Quality Assessment of Web-Based Patient Education Materials Addressing Neuraxial Labor Analgesia. Anesthesia and analgesia, 121(5), 1295-300. PMID: 26252170.

Guglielminotti, J., Wong, C. A., Landau, R. & Li, G. (2015). Temporal Trends in Anesthesia-related Adverse Events in Cesarean Deliveries, New York State, 2003-2012. Anesthesiology, 123(5), 1013-23. PMID: 26448472.

Bauchat, J. R., McCarthy, R. J., Koski, T. R. & Wong, C. A. (2015). Labor Analgesia Consumption and Time to Neuraxial Catheter Placement in Women with a History of Surgical Correction for Scoliosis: A Case-Matched Study. Anesthesia and analgesia, 121(4), 981-7. PMID: 25794113.

Pinyavat, T., Rosenberg, H., Lang, B. H., Wong, C. A., Riazi, S., Brady, J. E., Sun, L. S. & Li, G. (2015). In reply. (Vols. 123). (3), pp. 732-3. Anesthesiology. PMID: 26284868.

Wong, A. E., Kwaan, H. C., Grobman, W. A., Weiss, I. & Wong, C. A. (2015). Microparticle source and tissue factor expression in pregnancy. Annals of hematology, 94(8), 1285-90. PMID: 25823853.

Peralta, F., Higgins, N., Lange, E., Wong, C. A. & McCarthy, R. J. (2015). The Relationship of Body Mass Index with the Incidence of Postdural Puncture Headache in Parturients. Anesthesia and analgesia, 121(2), 451-6. PMID: 25993388.

Wong, C. A. (2015). Anaesthesia for preterm Caesarean delivery: is it different from term deliveries?. (Vols. 115). (2), pp. 166-8. British journal of anaesthesia. PMID: 26170344.

Goucher, H., Wong, C. A., Patel, S. K. & Toledo, P. (2015). Cell Salvage in Obstetrics. Anesthesia and analgesia, 121(2), 465-8. PMID: 26197375.

Lavoie, A., McCarthy, R. J. & Wong, C. A. (2015). The ED90 of prophylactic oxytocin infusion after delivery of the placenta during cesarean delivery in laboring compared with nonlaboring women: an up-down sequential allocation dose-response study. Anesthesia and analgesia, 121(1), 159-64. PMID: 25902327.

Kacmar, R. M., De Oliveira, Jr, G. S., McCarthy, R. J. & Wong, C. A. (2015). Status of obstetric anesthesiology fellowship research education in the USA and Canada: a 2013 survey of fellowship program directors. (Vols. 24). (2), pp. 193-4. International journal of obstetric anesthesia. PMID: 25554674.

Mhyre, J. M., Wong, C. A. (2015). The Society for Obstetric Anesthesia and Perinatology 2014 Annual Meeting: the First Annual Virginia Apgar Collection. (Vols. 120). (5), pp. 959-61. Anesthesia and analgesia. PMID: 25899253.

Wong, C. A., Shafer, S. L. (2015). Dittrick's Missing Editorial About Apgar's Score. (Vols. 120). (5), pp. 962. Anesthesia and analgesia. PMID: 25899254.

Hu, L. Q., Zhang, J., Wong, C. A., Cao, Q., Zhang, G., Rong, H., Li, X. & McCarthy, R. J. (2015). Impact of the introduction of neuraxial labor analgesia on mode of delivery at an urban maternity hospital in China. International journal of gynaecology and obstetrics: the official organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, 129(1), 17-21. PMID: 25579749.

Patel, S., Wong, C. A. (2015). Optimal postcesarean delivery pain management. ASRA News. American Society of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, 17-19.

Patel, S., Wong, C. A. (2015). Optimal postcesarean delivery pain management. pp. 17-19. ASRA News. American Society of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine.

Pinyavat, T., Rosenberg, H., Lang, B. H., Wong, C. A., Riazi, S., Brady, J. E., Sun, L. S. & Li, G. (2015). Accuracy of malignant hyperthermia diagnoses in hospital discharge records. Anesthesiology, 122(1), 55-63. PMID: 25272246.

Lange, E. M., Shah, A. M., Braithwaite, B. A., You, W. B., Wong, C. A., Grobman, W. A. & Toledo, P. (2015). Readability, content, and quality of online patient education materials on preeclampsia. Hypertension in pregnancy, 34(3), 383-90. PMID: 26153628.

Becker, E. L., Klumpner, T. T., Peralta, F., Montaque, E., Wong, C. A. & Toledo, P. (2015). Optimal characteristics of an obstetric anesthesia paper vs. electronic hand-off tool. J Womens Health, Issues Care, 4(3).

Bauchat, J., Wong, C. A. (2015). Neuraxial labor analgesia and effect on labor. In A. Santos , J. Epstein , K. Chaudhuri (Eds.) In Obstetric Anesthesia.. pp. 78-101. New York: McGraw Hill.

Wong, C. A. (2015). Anesthesia: a comprehensive review. Br J Anaesth,(115), 151-152.

DeLeon, A., De Oliveira, G. S., Kalayil, M., Narang, S., McCarthy, R. J. & Wong, C. A. (2014). The incidence of coagulopathy in pregnant patients with intrahepatic cholestasis: should we delay or avoid neuraxial analgesia?. Journal of clinical anesthesia, 26(8), 623-7. PMID: 25439411.

Ducloy-Bouthors, A. S., Susen, S., Wong, C. A., Butwick, A., Vallet, B. & Lockhart, E. (2014). Medical advances in the treatment of postpartum hemorrhage. Anesthesia and analgesia, 119(5), 1140-7. PMID: 25329026.

Wong, C. A. (2014). Podcast: OpenAnesthesia article of the month—August 2014, Epidural labor analgesia is associated with a decreased risk of postpartum depression: a prospective cohort study, and the editorial Double duty: does epidural labor analgesia reduce both pain and postpartum depression?.

Wong, C. A. (2014). Podcast: OpenAnesthesia article of the month—March 2014, obstetric anesthesia collection.

Lee, A. I., Wong, C. A., Healy, L. & Toledo, P. (2014). Impact of a third stage of labor oxytocin protocol on cesarean delivery outcomes. International journal of obstetric anesthesia, 23(1), 18-22. PMID: 24332518.

Cambic, C. R., Avram, M. J., Gupta, D. K. & Wong, C. A. (2014). Effect of ritonavir-induced cytochrome P450 3A4 inhibition on plasma fentanyl concentrations during patient-controlled epidural labor analgesia: a pharmacokinetic simulation. International journal of obstetric anesthesia, 23(1), 45-51. PMID: 24333052.

King, T. L., Wong, C. A. (2014). Nitrous oxide for labor pain: is it a laughing matter?. (Vols. 118). (1), pp. 12-4. Anesthesia and analgesia. PMID: 24356155.

Chestnut, D. C., Wong, C. A., Tsen, L. C., Ngan Kee, W. D. & Mhyre, J. (2014). Obstetric Anesthesia Principles and Practice. (5) Philadelphia: Saunders Elsevier.

Wong, C. A. (2014). Epidural and spinal labor analgesia/anesthesia for labor and vaginal delivery. In D. C. Chestnut , C. A. Wong , L. C. Tsen , W. D. Ngan Kee , Y. Beilin , J. Mhyre (Eds.) Obstetric Anesthesia Principles and Practice. (5), pp. 457-517. Philadelphia, PA .

Rebello, E., Wong, C. A. (2014). Women of ASA: History, status and scope. In American Society of Anesthesiologists Newsletter. (Vols. 78). (5), pp. 58-60. American Society of Anesthesiologists.

Chestnut, D. C., Wong, C. A., Tsen, L. C., Ngan Kee, W. D., Beilin, Y. & Mhyre, J. (2014). Obstetric Anesthesia Principles and Practice. (5th edition) Philadelphia: Saunders Elsevier.

Rebello, E., Wong, C. A. (2014). Women of ASA: History, status and scope. (Vols. 78). (5), pp. 58-60. American Society of Anesthesiologists Newsletter.

Wong, C. A. (2013). Editorial comment: cardiac arrest from local anesthetic toxicity after a field block and transversus abdominis plane block: a consequence of miscommunication between the anesthesiologist and surgeon and probable local anesthetic systemic toxicity in a postpartum patient with acute Fatty liver of pregnancy after a transversus abdominis plane block. A & A case reports, 1(5), 77-8. PMID: 25612089.

Peralta, F., Wong, C. A. (2013). Interventional radiology in the pregnant patient for obstetric and nonobstetric indications: organizational, anesthetic, and procedural issues. Current opinion in anaesthesiology, 26(4), 450-5. PMID: 23756912.

Wong, C. A. (2013). Podcast: OpenAnesthesia: Virtual grand rounds in obstetric anesthesia. In Maternal mortality.

Brandom, B. W., Bina, S., Wong, C. A., Wallace, T., Visoiu, M., Isackson, P. J., Vladutiu, G. D., Sambuughin, N. & Muldoon, S. M. (2013). Ryanodine receptor type 1 gene variants in the malignant hyperthermia-susceptible population of the United States. Anesthesia and analgesia, 116(5), 1078-86. PMID: 23558838.

Toledo, P., Sun, J., Peralta, F., Grobman, W. A., Wong, C. A. & Hasnain-Wynia, R. (2013). A qualitative analysis of parturients' perspectives on neuraxial labor analgesia. International journal of obstetric anesthesia, 22(2), 119-23. PMID: 23462298.

Toledo, P., Nixon, H. C., Mhyre, J. M., Wong, C. A. & Weinberg, G. (2013). Brief report: availability of lipid emulsion in United States obstetric units. Anesthesia and analgesia, 116(2), 406-8. PMID: 23267002.

Flood, P., Wong, C. A. (2013). Chronic pain secondary to childbirth: does it exist?. (Vols. 118). (1), pp. 16-8. Anesthesiology. PMID: 23249926.

Wong, C. A. (2013). The effects on the fetus of early versus late regional analgesia. In Y. Ginosar , F. Reynolds , S. H. Halpern , C. P. Weiner (Eds.) Anesthesia and the Fetus. pp. 270-6. Oxford, England: Wiley-Blackwell.

Wong, C. A. (2013). Current management of labor pain. In M. L. Chin , R. B. Fillingim , T. J. Ness (Eds.) Pain in Women. pp. 109-21. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.

Braveman, F. R., Scavone, B. M., Blessing, M. E. & Wong, C. A. (2013). Obstetric Anesthesia. In P. G. Barash , B. F. Cullen , R. K. Stoelting & M. K. Cahalan , M. C. Stock , R. Ortega (Eds.) Clinical Anesthesia. (7), pp. 1144-77. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Wong, C. A., Devlieger, R. (2013). Neurological disease and neurological catastrophes. In M. Van de Velde , H. Scholefield , L. A. Plante (Eds.) Maternal Critical Care: A Multidisciplinary Approach. pp. 285-300. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.

Wong, C. A. (2012). The influence of analgesia on labor--is it related to primary cesarean rates?. Seminars in perinatology, 36(5), 353-6. PMID: 23009968.

Lirk, P., Haller, I. & Wong, C. A. (2012). Management of spinal anaesthesia-induced hypotension for caesarean delivery: a European survey. (Vols. 29). (9), pp. 452-3. European journal of anaesthesiology. PMID: 22472628.

Bauchat, J. R., McCarthy, R. J., Koski, T. R., Cambic, C. R., Lee, A. I. & Wong, C. A. (2012). Prior lumbar discectomy surgery does not alter the efficacy of neuraxial labor analgesia. Anesthesia and analgesia, 115(2), 348-53. PMID: 22584548.

Sullivan, J. T., Higgins, N., Toledo, P., Scavone, B. M., McCarthy, R. J. & Wong, C. A. (2012). The effect of intravenous magnesium therapy on the duration of intrathecal fentanyl labor analgesia. International journal of obstetric anesthesia, 21(3), 212-6. PMID: 22632744.

Wong, C. A. (2012). The promise of pharmacogenetics in labor analgesia…tantalizing, but not there yet. (Vols. 21). (2), pp. 105-8. International journal of obstetric anesthesia. PMID: 22405670.

Toledo, P., Eosakul, S. T., Goetz, K., Wong, C. A. & Grobman, W. A. (2012). Decay in blood loss estimation skills after web-based didactic training. Simulation in healthcare: journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare, 7(1), 18-21. PMID: 22228284.

Toledo, P., Sun, J., Grobman, W. A., Wong, C. A., Feinglass, J. & Hasnain-Wynia, R. (2012). Racial and ethnic disparities in neuraxial labor analgesia. Anesthesia and analgesia, 114(1), 172-8. PMID: 22075013.

Wong, C. A., Higgins, N. (2012). Neurologic injury. In X. Wu , P. E. Hess , N. E. Oriol , Y. Li (Eds.) Obstetric Anesthesia Principles and Clinical Perspective [Chinese]. pp. 230-42. Beijing: People's Medical Publishing House.

Ananth, A., Wong, C. A. (2012). Reflections on leadership: Results of a survey by the Committee on Professional Diversity. American Society of Anesthesiologists, 76, 52-3.

Ananth, A., Wong, C. A. (2012). Reflections on leadership: Results of a survey by the Committee on Professional Diversity. (76), pp. 52-53. American Society of Anesthesiologists Newsletter.

Wong, C. A. (2011). Saving mothers' lives: the 2006-8 anaesthesia perspective. (Vols. 107). (2), pp. 119-22. British journal of anaesthesia. PMID: 21757547.

Paech, M. J., Doherty, D. A., Christmas, T. & Wong, C. A. (2011). The volume of blood for epidural blood patch in obstetrics: a randomized, blinded clinical trial. Anesthesia and analgesia, 113(1), 126-33. PMID: 21596867.

Dhawan, R., Kacha, A., Chaney, M. A., Fox, A. A. & Wong, C. A. (2011). Case 2--2011: Acute myocardial infarction in a pregnant patient requiring coronary artery bypass graft surgery. Journal of cardiothoracic and vascular anesthesia, 25(2), 353-61. PMID: 21295495.

Wong, C. A., McCarthy, R. J. & Hewlett, B. (2011). The effect of manipulation of the programmed intermittent bolus time interval and injection volume on total drug use for labor epidural analgesia: a randomized controlled trial. Anesthesia and analgesia, 112(4), 904-11. PMID: 21430035.

Agarwal, D., Wong, C. A. & Toledo, P. (2011). Transcutaneous carbon dioxide measurements and maternal pain scores in laboring parturients. (Vols. 20). (2), pp. 195-6. International journal of obstetric anesthesia. PMID: 21310604.

Higgins, N., Leong, E., Park, C. S., Facco, F. L., McCarthy, R. J. & Wong, C. A. (2011). The Berlin Questionnaire for assessment of sleep disordered breathing risk in parturients and non-pregnant women. International journal of obstetric anesthesia, 20(1), 22-5. PMID: 21123046.

Bauchat, J. R., Higgins, N., Wojciechowski, K. G., McCarthy, R. J., Toledo, P. & Wong, C. A. (2011). Low-dose ketamine with multimodal postcesarean delivery analgesia: a randomized controlled trial. International journal of obstetric anesthesia, 20(1), 3-9. PMID: 21224020.

Fitzgerald, C. M., Wong, C. A. (2011). Pelvic girdle and lower back pain in pregnancy. In S. D. Waldman (Eds.) Pain Management. (2), pp. 775-80. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders Elsevier.

Bauchat, J., Wong, C. A. (2011). Pain management during pregnancy and lactation. In H. Benzon , S. N. Raja , S. M. Fishman , S. Liu , S. P. Cohen (Eds.) Essentials of Pain Medicine. (3), pp. 249-52. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier.

Wong, C. A. (2011). Neuraxial labor analgesia and pregnancy outcome: fact and fiction. In M. A. Rosenblatt (Eds.) ASA Refresher Courses in Anesthesiology. (Vols. 39). pp. 156-61. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Wong, C. A., Denholm, B. (2011). Malignant hyperthermia: diagnosis, treatment and prevention. (Vols. 37). pp. 17-22. Anesthesiology News.

Deleon, A. M., Wong, C. A. (2010). Levobupivacaine versus bupivacaine: is there as winner?. (Vols. 76). (12), pp. 979-81. Minerva anestesiologica. PMID: 21102396.

Cambic, C. R., Wong, C. A. (2010). Labour analgesia and obstetric outcomes. British journal of anaesthesia, 105 Suppl 1, i50-60. PMID: 21148655.

Scavone, B. M., McCarthy, R. J., Wong, C. A. & Sullivan, J. T. (2010). The influence of time of day of administration on duration of opioid labor analgesia. Anesthesia and analgesia, 111(4), 986-91. PMID: 19897803.

Cambic, C. R., Scavone, B. M., McCarthy, R. J., Eisenberg, P., Sanchez, E. M., Sullivan, J. T. & Wong, C. A. (2010). A retrospective study of positive antibody screens at delivery in Rh-negative parturients. Canadian journal of anaesthesia, 57(9), 811-6. PMID: 20661682.

Wong, C. A. (2010). Advances in labor analgesia. International journal of women's health, 1, 139-54. PMID: 21072284.

Wong, C. A., McCarthy, R. J., Blouin, J. & Landau, R. (2010). Observational study of the effect of mu-opioid receptor genetic polymorphism on intrathecal opioid labor analgesia and post-cesarean delivery analgesia. International journal of obstetric anesthesia, 19(3), 246-53. PMID: 20171873.

Wong, C. A. (2010). Nerve injuries after neuraxial anaesthesia and their medicolegal implications. Best practice & research. Clinical obstetrics & gynaecology, 24(3), 367-81. PMID: 20053587.

Wong, C. A. (2010). National Institutes of Health Consensus Development conference statement: vaginal birth after cesarean: new insights March 8-10, 2010. Obstetrics and gynecology, 115(6), 1279-95. PMID: 20502301.

Toledo, P., McCarthy, R. J., Burke, C. A., Goetz, K., Wong, C. A. & Grobman, W. A. (2010). The effect of live and web-based education on the accuracy of blood-loss estimation in simulated obstetric scenarios. American journal of obstetrics and gynecology, 202(4), 400.e1-5. PMID: 20035920.

Wong, C. A. (2010). General anesthesia is unacceptable for elective cesarean section. International journal of obstetric anesthesia, 19(2), 209-12. PMID: 20171082.

Wong, C. A., Scavone, B. M., Sullivan, J. T. & McCarthy, R. J. (2010). Early labor neuraxial analgesia: effects on the progress and outcome of labor. (Vols. 112). (4), pp. 1053-4; author reply 1054-5. Anesthesiology. PMID: 20357569.

Cunningham, F. G., Bangdiwala, S. I., Brown, S. S., Dean, T. M., Frederiksen, M., Rowland Hogue, C. J., King, T., Spencer Lukacz, E., McCullough, L. B., Nicholson, W., Petit, N. F., Probstfield, J. L., Viguera, A. C., Wong, C. A. & Zimmet, S. C. (2010). NIH consensus development conference draft statement on vaginal birth after cesarean: new insights. NIH consensus and state-of-the-science statements, 27(3), 1-42. PMID: 20228855.

Wong, C. A. (2010). Ask the experts: Obstetric anesthesia. Podcast: OpenAnesthesia.

Wong, C. A. (2010). NIH panel on VBAC. American Society of Anesthesiologists, 74, 16-7.

Wong, C. A. (2010). Anesthesia & Analgesia Guide to Authors. pp. 525-38. Anesthesia and Analgesia.

Wong, C. A. (2010). NIH panel on VBAC. (74), pp. 16-17. American Society of Anesthesiologists Newsletter.

Dugan-Kim, M., Connell, S., Stika, C., Wong, C. A. & Gossett, D. R. (2009). Epistaxis of pregnancy and association with postpartum hemorrhage. Obstetrics and gynecology, 114(6), 1322-5. PMID: 19935036.

Benhamou, D., Wong, C. (2009). Neuraxial anesthesia for cesarean delivery: what criteria define the "optimal" technique?. (Vols. 109). (5), pp. 1370-3. Anesthesia and analgesia. PMID: 19843772.

Morton, C. M., Rosenow, J., Wong, C. & Kirschner, K. L. (2009). Intrathecal baclofen administration during pregnancy: a case series and focused clinical review. PM & R: the journal of injury, function, and rehabilitation, 1(11), 1025-9. PMID: 19942189.

Sullivan, J. T., Grobman, W. A., Bauchat, J. R., Scavone, B. M., Grouper, S., McCarthy, R. J. & Wong, C. A. (2009). A randomized controlled trial of the effect of combined spinal-epidural analgesia on the success of external cephalic version for breech presentation. International journal of obstetric anesthesia, 18(4), 328-34. PMID: 19682886.

Wong, C. A. (2009). Labor analgesia: is there an ideal technique?. (Vols. 109). (2), pp. 296-8. Anesthesia and analgesia. PMID: 19608793.

Toledo, P., McCarthy, R. J., Ebarvia, M. J., Huser, C. J. & Wong, C. A. (2009). The interaction between epidural 2-chloroprocaine and morphine: a randomized controlled trial of the effect of drug administration timing on the efficacy of morphine analgesia. Anesthesia and analgesia, 109(1), 168-73. PMID: 19535707.

Landau, R., Carvalho, B., Wong, C., Smiley, R., Tsen, L. & Van de Velde, M. (2009). Elevation of uterine basal tone and fetal heart rate abnormalities after labor analgesia: a randomized controlled trial. (Vols. 113). (6), pp. 1374, author reply 1374-5. Obstetrics and gynecology. PMID: 19461449.

Wong, C. A. (2009). Interaction between epidural 2-chloroprocaine and morphine. In Podcast: OpenAnesthesia articles of interest.

Wong, C. A., McCarthy, R. J., Sullivan, J. T., Scavone, B. M., Gerber, S. E. & Yaghmour, E. A. (2009). Early compared with late neuraxial analgesia in nulliparous labor induction: a randomized controlled trial. Obstetrics and gynecology, 113(5), 1066-74. PMID: 19384122.

Wojciechowski, K. G., Avram, M. J., Raikoff, K., McCarthy, R. J. & Wong, C. A. (2009). A comparison of epinephrine concentrations in local anesthetic solutions using a "wash" versus measured technique. Anesthesia and analgesia, 108(4), 1243-5. PMID: 19299794.

Chestnut, D. C., Polley, L. S., Tsen, L. C. & Wong, C. A. (2009). Obstetric Anesthesia Principles and Practice. (4) Philadelphia, PA: Mosby Elsevier.

Toledo, P., Wong, C. A. (2009). Book review: Analgesia, Anaesthesia and Pregnancy: A Practical Guide. Anesthesia and analgesia, 108(2), 1723.

Muir, H. A., Wong, C. A. (2009). Preterm labor and delivery. In D. C. Chestnut , L. S. Polley , L. C. Tsen , C. A. Wong (Eds.) Obstetric Anesthesia Principles and Practice. (4), pp. 749-77. Philadelphia, PA: Mosby Elsevier.

Wong, C. A. (2009). Obstetric pain. In J. C. Ballantyne , J. P. Rathmell , S. M. Fishman (Eds.) Bonica's Management of Pain. (4), pp. 791-806. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Wong, C. A., Nathan, N. & Brown, D. L. (2009). Spinal, epidural, and caudal anesthesia: Anatomy, physiology, and technique. In D. C. Chestnut , L. S. Polley & L. C. Tsen , C. A. Wong (Eds.) Obstetric Anesthesia Principles and Practice. (4), pp. 223-45. Philadelphia, PA: Mosby Elsevier.

Wong, C. A. (2009). Epidural and spinal labor analgesia/anesthesia for labor and vaginal delivery. In D. C. Chestnut , L. S. Polley , L. C. Tsen , C. A. Wong (Eds.) Obstetric Anesthesia Principles and Practice. (4), pp. 429-92. Philadelphia, PA: Mosby Elsevier.

Braveman, F. R., Scavone, B. M., Wong, C. A. & Santos, A. C. (2009). Obstetric anesthesia. In P. G. Barash , B. F. Cullen , R. K. Stoelting & M. K. Cahalan , M. C. Stock (Eds.) Clinical Anesthesia. (6), pp. 1137-70. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Wong, C. A. (2008). Advances in Women's Health: Epidural anesthesia and challenges in Pain Control. ReachMD, XM RadioHost: Lisa Mazzullo.

Toledo, P., McCarthy, R. J., Ebarvia, M. J. & Wong, C. A. (2008). A retrospective case-controlled study of the association between request to discontinue second stage labor epidural analgesia and risk of instrumental vaginal delivery. International journal of obstetric anesthesia, 17(4), 304-8. PMID: 18617390.

Wong, C. A. (2008). Introducing focused reviews in obstetric anesthesiology: a new series. (Vols. 107). (3), pp. 746-7. Anesthesia and analgesia. PMID: 18713876.

Wong, C. A., Stock, M. C. (2008). The status of women in academic anesthesiology: a progress report. Anesthesia and analgesia, 107(1), 178-84. PMID: 18635486.

Toledo, P., McCarthy, R. J., Hewlett, B. J., Fitzgerald, P. C. & Wong, C. A. (2007). The accuracy of blood loss estimation after simulated vaginal delivery. Anesthesia and analgesia, 105(6), 1736-40, table of contents. PMID: 18042876.

Wong, C. A., McCarthy, R. J., Fitzgerald, P. C., Raikoff, K. & Avram, M. J. (2007). Gastric emptying of water in obese pregnant women at term. Anesthesia and analgesia, 105(3), 751-5. PMID: 17717235.

Yilmaz, M., Wong, C. A. (2007). Technique of Neuraxial Anesthesia. In C. A. Wong (Eds.) Spinal and Epidural Anesthesia.. pp. 27-73. New York, New York: McGraw-Hill.

Benzon, H. T., Candido, K. D. & Wong, C. A. (2007). Postoperative neuraxial analgesia. In C. A. Wong (Eds.) Spinal and Epidural Anesthesia. pp. 325-46. New York, New York: McGraw-Hill.

Wong, C. A. (2007). Spinal and Epidural Anesthesia. New York, New York: McGraw-Hill.

Scavone, B. S., Ratliff, J. & Wong, C. A. (2007). Physiologic effects of neuraxial anesthesia. In C. A. Wong (Eds.) Spinal and Epidural Anesthesia. pp. 111-26. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Diaz, N., Wong, C. A. (2007). Neuraxial anesthesia for general surgery. In C. A. Wong (Eds.) Spinal and Epidural Anesthesia. pp. 221-7. New York, New York: McGraw-Hill.

Sullivan, J. T., Grouper, S., Walker, M. T., Parrish, T. B., McCarthy, R. J. & Wong, C. A. (2006). Lumbosacral cerebrospinal fluid volume in humans using three-dimensional magnetic resonance imaging. Anesthesia and analgesia, 103(5), 1306-10. PMID: 17056974.

Wong, C. A., Fragen, R. J., Fitzgerald, P. & McCarthy, R. J. (2006). A comparison of the SNAP II and BIS XP indices during sevoflurane and nitrous oxide anaesthesia at 1 and 1.5 MAC and at awakening. British journal of anaesthesia, 97(2), 181-6. PMID: 16720676.

Scavone, B. M., Sproviero, M. T., McCarthy, R. J., Wong, C. A., Sullivan, J. T., Siddall, V. J. & Wade, L. D. (2006). Development of an objective scoring system for measurement of resident performance on the human patient simulator. Anesthesiology, 105(2), 260-6. PMID: 16871059.

Wong, C. A., Ratliff, J. T., Sullivan, J. T., Scavone, B. M., Toledo, P. & McCarthy, R. J. (2006). A randomized comparison of programmed intermittent epidural bolus with continuous epidural infusion for labor analgesia. Anesthesia and analgesia, 102(3), 904-9. PMID: 16492849.

Wong, C. A., Peaceman, A. M. (2006). Effect of early epidural analgesia on labor: cutting through the confusion. Contemporary OB/GYNE,(51), 64-70.

Wong, C. A., Peaceman, A. M. (2006). Effect of early epidural analgesia on labor: cutting through the confusion. (51), pp. 64-70. Contemporary OB/GYNE.

Scavone, B. M., Wong, C. A. (2005). Why does prophylactic epidural blood patch fail to demonstrate efficacy in preventing post-dural puncture headache in parturients after dural puncture?. (Vols. 103). (4), pp. 900; author reply 900. Anesthesiology. PMID: 16192788.

Marcus, R. J., Wong, C. A., Lehor, A., McCarthy, R. J., Yaghmour, E. & Yilmaz, M. (2005). Postoperative epidural morphine for postpartum tubal ligation analgesia. Anesthesia and analgesia, 101(3), 876-81, table of contents. PMID: 16116007.

Wong, C. A., Scavone, B. M., Peaceman, A. M., McCarthy, R. J., Sullivan, J. T., Diaz, N. T., Yaghmour, E., Marcus, R. J., Sherwani, S. S., Sproviero, M. T., Yilmaz, M., Patel, R., Robles, C. & Grouper, S. (2005). The risk of cesarean delivery with neuraxial analgesia given early versus late in labor. The New England journal of medicine, 352(7), 655-65. PMID: 15716559.

Wong, C. A., Fragen, R. J., Fitzgerald, P. C. & McCarthy, R. J. (2005). The association between propofol-induced loss of consciousness and the SNAP index. Anesthesia and analgesia, 100(1), 141-8. PMID: 15616068.

Wong, C. A. (2005). Audio-Digest Foundation: OB Clinical Forum. (Vols. 47). (10) Audio-Digest Anesthesiology.

Wong, C. A. (2005). Pregnancy management: anesthesia. In I. Blickstein , L. G. Keith (Eds.) Multiple Pregnancy: Epidemiology, Gestation & Perinatal Outcome. (2), pp. 683-91. London, England: Taylor & Francis.

Scavone, B. M., Wong, C. A., Sullivan, J. T., Yaghmour, E., Sherwani, S. S. & McCarthy, R. J. (2004). Efficacy of a prophylactic epidural blood patch in preventing post dural puncture headache in parturients after inadvertent dural puncture. Anesthesiology, 101(6), 1422-7. PMID: 15564951.

Wong, C. A. (2004). Neurologic deficits and labor analgesia. Regional anesthesia and pain medicine, 29(4), 341-51. PMID: 15305254.

Wong, C. A., Scavone, B. M., Slavenas, J. P., Vidovich, M. I., Peaceman, A. M., Ganchiff, J. N., Strauss-Hoder, T. & McCarthy, R. J. (2004). Efficacy and side effect profile of varying doses of intrathecal fentanyl added to bupivacaine for labor analgesia. International journal of obstetric anesthesia, 13(1), 19-24. PMID: 15321435.

Wong, C. A. (2004). Pain management during pregnancy and lactation. In H. T. Benzon , S. N. Raja , R. E. Molloy , S. Liu , S. M. Fishman (Eds.) Essentials of Pain Medicine and Regional Anesthesia. (2), pp. 264-8. New York, New York: Churchill Livingstone.

Sullivan, J. T., Wong, C. A. (2004). The obese parturient. In H. Garcia (Eds.) Anesthetic Management of the Obese Patient. London, England: Greenwich Medical Media.

Wong, C. A. (2004). Anesthesia in high-risk obstetrics. In J. J. Sciarra (Eds.) Gynecology & Obstetrics. (2004), pp. 91. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Wong, C. A., Cariaso, D., Johnson, E. C., Leu, D. & McCarthy, R. J. (2003). Body habitus does not influence spread of sensory blockade after the intrathecal injection of a hypobaric solution in term parturients. Canadian journal of anaesthesia, 50(7), 689-93. PMID: 12944443.

Plunkett, B. A., Lin, A., Wong, C. A., Grobman, W. A. & Peaceman, A. M. (2003). Management of the second stage of labor in nulliparas with continuous epidural analgesia. Obstetrics and gynecology, 102(1), 109-14. PMID: 12850615.

Calimaran, A. L., Strauss-Hoder, T. P., Wang, W. Y., McCarthy, R. J. & Wong, C. A. (2003). The effect of epidural test dose on motor function after a combined spinal-epidural technique for labor analgesia. Anesthesia and analgesia, 96(4), 1167-72, table of contents. PMID: 12651678.

Wong, C. A., Scavone, B. M., Dugan, S., Smith, J. C., Prather, H., Ganchiff, J. N. & McCarthy, R. J. (2003). Incidence of postpartum lumbosacral spine and lower extremity nerve injuries. Obstetrics and gynecology, 101(2), 279-88. PMID: 12576251.

Wong, C. A. (2003). Combined spinal-epidural labor analgesia. In Techniques in Regional Anesthesia and Pain Management. pp. 181-8.

Wong, C. A., Loffredi, M., Ganchiff, J. N., Zhao, J., Wang, Z. & Avram, M. J. (2002). Gastric emptying of water in term pregnancy. Anesthesiology, 96(6), 1395-400. PMID: 12170052.

Wong, C. A., Norris, M. C. (2002). Acute situations, obstetrics. In Textbook of Regional Anesthesia. pp. 471-504. Philadelphia, PA: WB Saunders.

Benzon, H. T., Wong, C. A. (2001). Postdural puncture headache: mechanisms, treatment, and prevention. (Vols. 26). (4), pp. 293-5. Regional anesthesia and pain medicine. PMID: 11464343.

Wong, C. A. (2001). Analgesia and anesthesia for labor and delivery. In J. J. Sciarra (Eds.) Gynecology & Obstetrics. pp. 90. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Wong, C. A., Scavone, B. M., Loffredi, M., Wang, W. Y., Peaceman, A. M. & Ganchiff, J. N. (2000). The dose-response of intrathecal sufentanil added to bupivacaine for labor analgesia. Anesthesiology, 92(6), 1553-8. PMID: 10839903.

Gin, T., Ngan-Kee, W. D., Siu, Y. K., Stuart, J. C., Tan, P. E. & Lam, K. K. (2000). Alfentanil given immediately before the induction of anesthesia for elective cesarean delivery. Anesthesia and analgesia, 90(5), 1167-72. PMID: 10781473.

Traynor, J. D., Dooley, S. L., Seyb, S., Wong, C. A. & Shadron, A. (2000). Is the management of epidural analgesia associated with an increased risk of cesarean delivery?. American journal of obstetrics and gynecology, 182(5), 1058-62. PMID: 10819827.

Wong, C. A., Slavenas, P. (1999). The incidence of transient radicular irritation after spinal anesthesia in obstetric patients. Regional anesthesia and pain medicine, 24(1), 55-8. PMID: 9952096.

Wong, C. A. (1999). Unintentional subdural injections. In H. T. Benzon , S. N. Raja , R. E. Molloy , D. Borsook , G. Strichartz (Eds.) Essentials of Pain Medicine. pp. 455-7. New York, New York: Churchill Livingstone.

Wong, C. A. (1999). Back pain after epidural chloroprocaine injection. In H. T. Benzon , S. N. Raja , R. E. Molloy , D. Borsook , G. Strichartz (Eds.) Essentials of Pain Medicine. pp. 462-3. New York, New York: Churchill Livingstone.

Wong, C. A. (1999). Intrathecal opioid injections for postoperative pain. In H. T. Benzon , S. N. Raja , R. E. Molloy , D. Borsook , G. Strichartz (Eds.) Essentials of Pain Medicine. pp. 151-4. New York: Churchill Livingstone.

Wong, C. A. (1999). Transient radiculitis after subarachnoid lidocaine injection. In H. T. Benzon , S. N. Raja , R. E. Molloy , D. Borsook , G. Strichartz (Eds.) Essentials of Pain Medicine. pp. 464-6. New York, New York: Churchill Livingstone.

Wong, C. A. (1996). Coagulation testing. Current opinion in anesthesiology, 9(6), 495-8.

Wong, C. A., Benzon, H. & Kim, C. (1996). Bilateral radicular pain after epidural lidocaine. (Vols. 21). (6), pp. 600-1. Regional anesthesia. PMID: 8956403.

Green, D., Wong, C. A. & Twardowski, P. (1996). Efficacy of hemostatic agents in improving surgical hemostasis. Transfusion medicine reviews, 10(3), 171-82. PMID: 8809968.

Wong, C. A., Glassenberg, R. & Liu, S. (1996). Reply to Comments on thromboelastography study [letter]. (Vols. 21). pp. 494-5. Regional anesthesia.

Wong, C. A., Liu, S. & Glassenberg, R. (1995). Comparison of thrombelastography with common coagulation tests in preeclamptic and healthy parturients. Regional anesthesia, 20(6), 521-7. PMID: 8608071.

Green, D., Sanders, J., Eiken, M., Wong, C. A., Frederiksen, J., Joob, A., Palmer, A., Trowbridge, A., Woodruff, B. & Moerch, M. (1995). Recombinant aprotinin in coronary artery bypass graft operations. The Journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery, 110(4 Pt 1), 963-70. PMID: 7475162.

Benzon, H. T., Wong, C. A., Wong, H. Y., Brooke, C. & Wade, L. (1994). The effect of low-dose bupivacaine on postoperative epidural fentanyl analgesia and thrombelastography. Anesthesia and analgesia, 79(5), 911-7. PMID: 7978409.

Wong, C. A., Franklin, M. L. & Wade, L. D. (1994). Coagulation tests, blood loss, and transfusion requirements in platelet-rich plasmapheresed versus nonpheresed cardiac surgery patients. Anesthesia and analgesia, 78(1), 29-36. PMID: 8267176.

Wong, C. A. (1991). Physiologic effects of anesthesia in the post-operative ICU patient. In M. Shekelton , K. Litwack (Eds.) Critical care nursing of the surgical patient. pp. 29-40. Philadelphia, PA: WB Saunders.

Tuman, K. J., McCarthy, R. J., Wong, C. A., Labarge, A. M., Spiess, B. D. & Ivankovich, A. D. (1990). Comparative effects of esmolol and verapamil in a model of a supraventricular tachydysrhythmia. Anesthesiology, 73(3), 467-73. PMID: 1975485.

Wong, C. A. (1990). Preoperative patient preparation. Journal of post anesthesia nursing, 5(3), 149-56. PMID: 2355362.

Tuman, K. J., Spiess, B. D., Wong, C. A. & Ivankovich, A. D. (1988). Sufentanil-midazolam anesthesia in malignant hyperthermia. Anesthesia and analgesia, 67(4), 405-8. PMID: 2895595.

Spiess, B. D., Wong, C. A., Tuman, K. J. & Ivankovich, A. D. (1988). High frequency positive-pressure ventilation for anterior thoracic spine fusion after a previous pneumonectomy. Anesthesia and analgesia, 67(4), 411-4. PMID: 3354878.

Feinstein, J. M., Berkelhamer, J. E., Gruszka, M. E., Wong, C. A. & Carey, A. E. (1986). Factors related to early termination of breast-feeding in an urban population. Pediatrics, 78(2), 210-5. PMID: 3737298.