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Lee A. Kral, PharmD

Adjunct Assistant Professor of Anesthesia - Chronic Pain Medicine
Adjunct Assistant Professor of Pharmacy Practice and Science

Contact Information

Primary Office
8476 JCP
200 Hawkins Drive
Iowa City, IA 52242


BS, Pharmacy, University of Iowa
PharmD, Pharmaceutical, University of Iowa
Resident, Pharmacy, University of Iowa, Carver College of Medicine


Coulson, E. E., Kral, L. A. (2020). The clinical pharmacist's role in perioperative surgical pain management. J Pain Palliat Care Pharmacother. PMID: 32162986.

Kral, L. A., Ku, J., Kematick, B. S. & Fudin, J. (2019). Pearls for opioid use in seriously ill patients. J Pain Palliat Care Pharmacother, 33(1-2), 54-58. PMID: 31592735.

Kral, L. A., Swaran Singh, T. S. (2016). Management of Acute Pain. In F. Tennant , N. Kean (Eds.) Opioid Prescribing and Monitoring: How to Combat Opioid Abuse and Misuse Responsibly. Montclair, NJ: Practical Pain Management.

Oltrogge, P. K., Grieve, B., Kral, L. A. & Wibbenmeyer, L. (2016). Evaluation of adjunctive ketamine infusions in post-operative burn patients. (Vols. 44). pp. 475. Philadelphia, PA: Care Medicine.

Alldredge, B. K., Corelli, R. L., Ernst, M. E. & Kral, L. A. (2016). Pain and it's management: neuropathic pain and postherpetic neuralgia. (10), pp. 7; 126-130. Applied Therapeutics.

Kral, L., Jackson, K. & Uritsky, T. (2015). A practical guide to tapering opioids. Mental Health Clinician.

Kral, L. A. (2015). Reducing adverse drug events related to opioids. T. W. Frederickson , D. B. Gordon , M. DePinto , L. A. Kral , T. Furnish , R. Gupta , P. N. Austin (Eds.) Society of Hospital Medicine.

Kral, L. A. (2013). New approaches to the challenge of treating postherpetic neuralgia. Power-Pak C.E..

Herndon, C. M., Strassels, S. A., Strickland, J. M., Kral, L. A., Craig, D. S., Nesbit, S. A., Finley, R. S. & McPherson, M. L. (2012). Consensus recommendations from the strategic planning summit for pain and palliative care pharmacy practice. J Pain Symptom Manage, 43(5), 925-44.e1-10. PMID: 22560360.

Kral, L. A. (2012). Managing adverse drug effects in pain: focus on triptans and NSAIDS. Practical Pain Management.

Kral, L. A. (2007). Commonsense Use of Oxycodone. Pain Treatment Topics.

Kral, L. A. (2006). Safely Stopping Opioid Analgesics. Additional Treatment Forum.

Kral, L. A. (2006). Opioid Tapering: Safely Discontinuing Opioid Analgesics. Pain Treatment Topics.

Toombs, J. D., Kral, L. A. (2005). Methadone treatment for pain states. Am Fam Physician, 71(7), 1353-1358. PMID: 15832538.