Lee A. Kral, PharmD

Adjunct Assistant Professor in Anesthesia
Adjunct Professor Clinical Pharmacy Practice
Adjunct Assistant Professor of Anesthesia - Chronic Pain Medicine
Adjunct Assistant Professor of Pharmacy Practice and Science

Contact Information

Primary Office
8476 JCP
200 Hawkins Drive
Iowa City, IA 52242


BS, Pharmacy, University of Iowa
PharmD, Pharmaceutical, University of Iowa
Resident, Pharmacy, University of Iowa, Carver College of Medicine


Kral, L. (2017). Building a Strong Foundation for Pain Management Stewardship. L. Kral (Eds.) Orlando, FL: American Society of Healthsystems Pharmacists Midyear Clinical Meeting.

Kral, L. (2017). Managing Pain in Opioid Use Disorder: Playing with Matches or Preventing a Forest Fire. L. Kral (Eds.) Orlando, FL: American Society of Healthsystems Pharmacists Midyear Clinical Meeting.

Kral, L. (Eds.) (2017). Optimizing Acute Pain Management in the Emergency Department and Short-stay Inpatient and Ambulatory Settings. Orlando, FL: American Society of Healthsystems Pharmacists (ASHP Advantage) Midyear Clinical Meeting.

Kral, L. (Eds.) (2017). Be a Superhero in Pain Management. New York, NY: Greater New York Hospital Association.

Kral, L. (2017). Wear Your Cape to Work: Pharmacist-Assisted Naloxone Dispensing. L. Kral (Eds.) Iowa: State professional pharmacy education meeting.

Kral, L. (2017). Pain Management Strategies in Patients with Opioid Use Disorder (OUD). L. Kral (Eds.) Phoenix, AZ: Greater New York Hospital Association.

Kral, L. (2017). Why Glial Cells Hurt – Talking to Patients About Chronic Pain. L. Kral (Eds.) Phoenix, AZ: College of Psychiatric and Neurologic Pharmacists Annual Meeting.

Kral, L. (2017). Naloxone and Medication Safety. L. Kral (Eds.) Des Moines, IA: IA PAS Spring Meeting.

Kral, L. (Eds.) (2017). The 3M Pharmacologic Challenge: Maximizing non-opioids, managing opioid withdrawaland medicating the methadone/Suboxone patient. Winfield, IL: American Society for Pain Management Nursing – Chicago Metropolitan Chapter.

Coulson, E., Kral, L. & Smelser, J. (2016). Evaluation of Bupivacaine Liposome use Over Standard Formulary Agents in an Academic Medical Center.

Kral, L. (2016). Pharmacotherapy for Chronic Pain Syndromes. L. Kral (Eds.) Iowa: IA PAS Fall Meeting.

Kral, L., Swaran Singh, T. S. (2016). Medical Management of Acute Pain. In F. Tennant , N. Kean (Eds.) Opioid Prescribing and Monitoring: How to Combat Opioid Abuse and Misuse Responsibly. Montclair, NJ: Practical Pain Management, Vertical Health LLC.

Oltrogge, P. K., Grieve, B., Kral, L. & Wibbenmeyer, L. (2016). Evaluation of Adjunctive Ketamine Infusions in Post-operative Burn Patients. (Vols. 44). pp. 475. Philadelphia, PA: Care Medicine.

Alldredge, B., Corelli, R. & Ernst, M. (2016). Pain and it's Management: Neuropathic Pain and Postherpetic Neuralgia. (10), pp. 7; 126-130. Applied Therapeutics.

Kral, L., Jackson, K. & Uritsky, T. (2015). A Practical Guide to Tapering Opioids. Mental Health Clinician.

Frederickson, T., Gordon, D., DePinto, M., Kral, L., Furnish, T., Gupta, R. & Austin, P. (2015). Reducing Adverse Drug Events Related to Opioids Implementation Guide. Society of Hospital Medicine.

Kral, L. (2013). New Approaches to the Challenge of Treating Postherpetic Neuralgia. www.powerpak.com.

Wibbenmeyer, L., Eid, A., Liao, J., Heard, J., Horsfield, A., Kral, L., Kealey, G. & Rosenquist, R. (2013). Neurontin is Ineffective in the Treatment of Pain in the Immediate Post Burn Period Abstract Accepted.

Xu, T., Kral, L. (2012). Evaluation of Postoperative Opioid Requirement in Opioid-Naive, Opioid "Resensitized" Patients Undergoing Lumbar Spine Surgery.

Herndon, C. M., Strassels, S. A., Strickland, J. M., Kral, L. A., Craig, D. S., Nesbit, S. A., Finley, R. S. & McPherson, M. L. (2012). Consensus recommendations from the strategic planning summit for pain and palliative care pharmacy practice. Journal of pain and symptom management, 43(5), 925-44.e1-10. PMID: 22560360.

(2012). Managing Adverse Drug Effects in Pain: Focus on Triptans and NSAIDS. Practical Pain Management.

Kral, L. (2008). Evaluation of Academic Detailing in Improving Physician Knowledge and Confidence in Opioid Prescribing at an Academic Medical Center.

Kral, L. (2007). Commonsense Use of Oxycodone. Pain Treatment Topics.

Krause, P., Kral, L. (2006). Efficacy and Tolerability of Methadone in Chronic Pain.

Kral, L. (2006). Safely Stopping Opioid Analgesics. Additional Treatment Forum.

Kral, L. (2006). Opioid Tapering: Safely Discontinuing Opioid Analgesics. Pain Treatment Topics.

Toombs, J. D., Kral, L. A. (2005). Methadone treatment for pain states. American family physician, 71(7), 1353-8. PMID: 15832538.

Kral, L. (1994). On-line Documentation and Reporting of Pharmacist Interventions.