Arlene V. Drack, MD

Portrait
Director, Pediatric Electroretinogram Service
Ronald V. Keech, MD, Associate Professor in Ophthalmic Genetics
Professor of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences
Professor of Pediatrics

Contact Information

Office
11290-C PFP
Iowa City, IA 52242
319-356-0382

Lab
4111 MERF
Iowa City, IA 52242
319-353-5507

Education

BS, Biology / Philosophy, University of Scranton
MD, Medicine, The Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine
Fellow, ITT International Fellow, Immunology, Det Norske Radiumhospitalet, University of Oslo
Internship, Transitional Internship, Georgetown University Medical Center
Fellow, Ophthalmic Genetics, Wilmer Institute, Johns Hopkins University
Resident, Ophthalmology, Georgetown University Medical Center
Fellow, Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, University of Iowa, Department of Ophthalmology
Fellow, Molecular Ophthalmic Genetics, University of Iowa

Licensure and Certifications

ABO Certification - American Board of Ophthalmology
NBME Diplomate - National Board of Medical Examiners

Education/Training Program Affiliations

Interdisciplinary Graduate Program in Genetics, Interdisciplinary Graduate Program in Neuroscience

Center, Program and Institute Affiliations

Institute for Vision Research, John and Marcia Carver Nonprofit Genetic Testing Laboratory

Research Summary

Arlene V. Drack, M.D. is a clinician scientist specializing in juvenile inherited eye diseases. She is the inaugural Ronald V. Keech Associate Professor in Pediatric Ophthalmic Genetics at the University of Iowa Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences. Her research focuses on inherited eye diseases that affect children, particularly in the development of novel treatments. She is experienced in subretinal injection of molecules to treat mouse models of retinal degeneration, as well as participating in human trials for retinal disorders. She co-directs both the clinical and rodent electroretinogram services at the University of Iowa. Her clinical practice includes the full scope of pediatric ophthalmology and strabismus, in addition to running specialized genetic eye disease clinics.

Publications

Miraldi Utz, V., Pfeifer, W., Longmuir, S. Q., Olson, R. J., Wang, K. & Drack, A. V. (2018). Presentation of TRPM1-Associated Congenital Stationary Night Blindness in Children. JAMA ophthalmology, 136(4), 389-398. PMID: 29522070.

Burnight, E. R., Giacalone, J. C., Cooke, J. A., Thompson, J. R., Bohrer, L. R., Chirco, K. R., Drack, A. V., Fingert, J. H., Worthington, K. S., Wiley, L. A., Mullins, R. F., Stone, E. M. & Tucker, B. A. (In Press). CRISPR-Cas9 genome engineering: Treating inherited retinal degeneration. Progress in retinal and eye research. PMID: 29578069.

Stunkel, M. L., Brodie, S. E., Cideciyan, A. V., Pfeifer, W. L., Kennedy, E. L., Stone, E. M., Jacobson, S. G. & Drack, A. V. (2018). Expanded retinal disease spectrum associated with autosomal recessive mutations in GUCY2D. American journal of ophthalmology, 190, 58-68. PMID: 29559409.

Russell, S., Bennett, J., Wellman, J. A., Chung, D. C., Yu, Z. F., Tillman, A., Wittes, J., Pappas, J., Elci, O., McCague, S., Cross, D., Marshall, K. A., Walshire, J., Kehoe, T. L., Reichert, H., Davis, M., Raffini, L., George, L. A., Hudson, F. P., Dingfield, L., Zhu, X., Haller, J. A., Sohn, E. H., Mahajan, V. B., Pfeifer, W., Weckmann, M., Johnson, C., Gewaily, D., Drack, A., Stone, E., Wachtel, K., Simonelli, F., Leroy, B. P., Wright, J. F., High, K. A. & Maguire, A. M. (2017). Efficacy and safety of voretigene neparvovec (AAV2-hRPE65v2) in patients with RPE65-mediated inherited retinal dystrophy: a randomised, controlled, open-label, phase 3 trial. Lancet (London, England), 390(10097), 849-860. PMID: 28712537.

Kemerley, A., Sloan, C., Pfeifer, W., Smith, R. & Drack, A. (2017). A novel mutation in ACTG1 causing Baraitser-Winter syndrome with extremely variable expressivity in three generations. Ophthalmic Genetics, 38(2), 152-156. PMID: 27096712.

Bertsch, M., Floyd, M., Kehoe, T., Pfeifer, W. & Drack, A. V. (2017). The clinical evaluation of infantile nystagmus: What to do first and why. Ophthalmic genetics, 38(1), 22-33. PMID: 28177849.

Drack, A. V. (2017). What I learned from Irene Hussels Maumenee. Ophthalmic genetics, 38(1), 1. PMID: 28177850.

Aldrich, A., Bosch, M. E., Fallet, R., Odvody, J., Burkovetskaya, M., Rama Rao, K. V., Cooper, J. D., Drack, A. V. & Kielian, T. (2016). Efficacy of phosphodiesterase-4 inhibitors in juvenile Batten disease (CLN3). Annals of neurology, 80(6), 909-923. PMID: 27804148.

Wiley, L. A., Burnight, E. R., Drack, A. V., Banach, B. B., Ochoa, D., Cranston, C. M., Madumba, R. A., East, J. S., Mullins, R. F., Stone, E. M. & Tucker, B. A. (2016). Using Patient-Specific Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells and Wild-Type Mice to Develop a Gene Augmentation-Based Strategy to Treat CLN3-Associated Retinal Degeneration. Human gene therapy, 27(10), 835-846. PMID: 27400765.

Traboulsi, E. I., Drack, A. V., El-Dairi, M. A., Berrocal, A. & Bothun, E. (2016). Difficult nonstrabismus problems in pediatric ophthalmology. Journal of American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, 20(4), e56. DOI: 10.1016/j.jaapos.2016.07.210.

Dumitrescu, A. V., Tran, J., Pfeifer, W., Kehoe, T., Kemerley, A., Hu, Z. & Drack, A. V. (2016). Genotype-phenotype correlation in patients with albinism. Journal of American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, 20(4), e14-e15. DOI: 10.1016/j.jaapos.2016.07.055.

Sheffield, V. C., Zhang, Q., Heon, E., Drack, A. V., Stone, E. M. & Carmi, R. (2016). The Bardet-Biedl Syndrome. In Epstein's Inborn Errors of Development. pp. 237-240. Oxford University Press (OUP). DOI: 10.1093/med/9780199934522.003.0021.

Drack, A. V., Mullins, R. F., Pfeifer, W. L., Augustine, E. F., Stasheff, S. F. & Hong, S. D. (2015). Immunosuppressive Treatment for Retinal Degeneration in Juvenile Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis (Juvenile Batten Disease). Ophthalmic Genetics, 36(4), 359-364. DOI: 10.3109/13816810.2014.886271.

Datta, P., Allamargot, C., Hudson, J. S., Andersen, E. K., Bhattarai, S., Drack, A. V., Sheffield, V. C. & Seo, S. (2015). Accumulation of non-outer segment proteins in the outer segment underlies photoreceptor degeneration in Bardet-Biedl syndrome. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 112(32), E4400-9. PMID: 26216965.

Ko, A. S., Pfeifer, W. L. & Drack, A. V. (2015). Is it Usher syndrome? Diagnosing children with hearing loss and ocular findings. Journal of American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, 19(4), e50. DOI: 10.1016/j.jaapos.2015.07.155.

Chung, D. C., Drack, A. V. (2015). RPE65-related inherited retinal degeneration gene therapy trials: background and current status, need for genetic testing, and future gene therapies for other retinal dystrophies. Journal of American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, 19(4), e70. DOI: 10.1016/j.jaapos.2015.07.227.

Datta, P., Allamargot, C., Hudson, J. S., Andersen, E. K., Bhattarai, S., Drack, A. V., Sheffield, V. C. & Seo, S. (2015). Accumulation of non-outer segment proteins in the outer segment underlies photoreceptor degeneration in Bardet-Biedl syndrome. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 112(32), E4400-4409. PMID: 26216965.

Nielsen, A. K., Drack, A. V. & Ostergaard, J. R. (2015). Cataract and glaucoma development in juvenile neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis (Batten disease). Ophthalmic Genet, 36(1), 39-42. PMID: 25365415.

Whitmore, S. S., Sohn, E. H., Chirco, K. R., Drack, A. V., Stone, E. M., Tucker, B. A. & Mullins, R. F. (2015). Complement activation and choriocapillaris loss in early AMD: Implications for pathophysiology and therapy. Prog Retin Eye Res, 45C, 1-29. PMID: 25486088.

Dumitrescu, A. V., Drack, A. V. (2015). Gene Therapy for Blinding Pediatric Eye Disorders. Adv Pediatr, 62(1), 185-210. PMID: 26205114.

Wiley, L. A., Burnight, E. R., Songstad, A. E., Drack, A. V., Mullins, R. F., Stone, E. M. & Tucker, B. A. (2015). Patient-specific induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) for the study and treatment of retinal degenerative diseases. Prog Retin Eye Res, 44, 15-35. PMID: 25448922.

Stunkel, M., Bhattarai, S., Kemerley, A., Stone, E. M., Wang, K., Mullins, R. F. & Drack, A. V. (2015). Vitritis in pediatric genetic retinal disorders. Ophthalmology, 122(1), 192-9. PMID: 25217415.

Drack, A. V. (2014). Exome sequencing and direct-to-consumer genetic testing: what it can tell your patients, you, and your little dog too. Journal of American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, 18(4), e41. DOI: 10.1016/j.jaapos.2014.07.133.

Gertsch, K. R., Larson, S. A., Longmuir, S. Q., Olson, R. J., Stone, E. M. & Drack, A. V. (2014). PAX6-associated congenital cataracts without aniridia. Journal of American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, 18(4), e29-e30. DOI: 10.1016/j.jaapos.2014.07.096.

Zhang, Y., Seo, S., Bhattarai, S., Bugge, K., Searby, C. C., Zhange, Q., Drack, A. V., Stone, E. M. & Sheffield, V. C. (2014). BBS mutations modify phenotypic expression of CEP290-related ciliopathies. Hum Mol Genet, 23(1), 40-51. PMID: 23943788.

Shubert, C., Pryds, A., Zeng, S., Xie, Y., Bailey, Freund, K., Spaide, R. F., Merriam, J. C., Barbazetto, I., Slakter, J. S., Chang, S., Munch, I. C., Drack, A. V., Hernandez, J., Yzer, S., Merriam, J. E., Linneberg, A., Larsen, M., Yannuzzi, L. A., Mullins, R. F. & Allikmets, R. (2014). Cadherin 5 is Regulated by Corticosteroids and Associated with Central Serous Chorioretinopathy. Human Mutation, 35(7), 859-67. PMID: 24665005.

Burnight, E. R., Wiley, L. A., Drack, A. V., Braun, T. A., Anfinson, K. R., Kaalberg, E. E., Halder, J. A., Affatigato, L. M., Mullins, R. F., Stone, E. M. & Tucker, B. A. (2014). CEP290 gene transfer rescues Leber congenital amaurosis cellular phenotype. Gene Ther, 21(7), 662-72. PMID: 24807808.

Drack, A. V., Rabinowitz, Y. & Cotlier, E. (2014). Congenital cataracts and genetic anomalies of the lens, Chapter 137. In D. L. Rimoin , R. E. Pyeritz & B. Korf (Eds.) Emery and Rimoin's Principles and Practice of Medical Genetics. pp. 137.1-137.25. Waltham, Mass.: Academic Press.

Mullins, R. F., Khanna, A., Shoo, D. P., Tucker, B. A., Sohn, E. H., Drack, A. V. & Stone, E. M. (2014). Is age-related macular degeneration a microvascular disease?. Adv Exp Med Biol, 801, 283-289. PMID: 24664709.

Ramachandran, P. S., Ghattarai, S., Singh, P., Boudreau, R. L., Thompson, S., Laspada, A. R., Drack, A. V. & Davidson, B. L. (2014). RNA interference-based therapy for spinocerebellar ataxia type 7 retinal degeneration. (Vols. 9). (4), pp. e95362. PloS one. PMID: 24759684.

Kemp, P. S., Larson, S. A. & Drack, A. V. (2014). Strabismus surgery in patients receiving warfarin anticoagulation. J AAPOS, 18(1), 84-6. PMID: 24568993.

Whitmore, S. S., Wagner, A. H., DeLuca, A. P., Drack, A. V., Stone, E. M., Tucker, B. A., Zeng, S., Braun, T. A., Mullins, R. F. & Scheetz, T. E. (2014). Transcriptomic analysis across nasal, temporal, and macular regions of human neural retina and RPE/choroid by RNA-Seq. Exp Eye Res, 129, 93-106. PMID: 25446321.

Pan, Y., Bhattarai, S., Modestou, M., Drack, A. V., Chetkovich, D. M. & Baker, S. A. (2014). TRIP8b Is Required for Maximal Expression of HCN1 in the Mouse Retina. PloS one, 9(1), e85850. PMID: 24409334.

Mullins, R. F., Khanna, A., Schoo, D. P., Tucker, B. A., Sohn, E. H., Drack, A. V. & Stone, E. M. (2014). Is Age-Related Macular Degeneration a Microvascular Disease?. In Retinal Degenerative Diseases. pp. 283-289. Springer Nature. DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4614-3209-8_36.

McAnany, J. J., Genead, M. A., Walia, S., Drack, A. V., Stone, E. M., Koenekoop, R. K., Traboulsi, E. L., Smith, A., Weleber, R. G., Jacobson, S. G. & Fishman, G. A. (2013). Visual Acuity Changes in Patients With Leber Congenital Amaurosis and Mutations in CEP290. JAMA Ophthalmol., 131(2), 178-82. PMID: 23411883.

Drack, A. V. (2013). Should your patients get whole genome sequencing? Should you?. Journal of American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, 17(1), e34. DOI: 10.1016/j.jaapos.2012.12.127.

Drack, A. V., Miller, J. N. & Pearce, D. A. (2013). A Novel c.1135_1138delCTGT Mutation in CLN3 Leads to Juvenile Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis. (Vols. 28). (9), pp. 1112-1116. J Child Neurol. PMID: 23877479.

Stone, E. M., Aldave, A. J., Drack, A. V., MacCumber, M. W., Sheffield, V. C., Traboulsi, E. & Weleber, R. G. (2013). Author reply: To PMID 22944025. Ophthalmology, 120(10), e73. PMID: 24090960.

Drack, A. V., Mullins, R. & Seo, S. (2013). Bardet Biedl Syndrome. In M. E. Hartnett , M. Trese & A. Capone (Eds.) Pediatric Retina. (2), pp. 259-268. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Drack, A. V., Rabinowitz, Y. & Cotlier, E. (2013). Congenital cataracts and genetic anomalies of the lens. In D. L. Rimoin , R. E. Pyeritz & B. Korf (Eds.) Emery and Rimoin’s Principles and Practice of Medical Genetics. pp. Chapter137: 1-25. Waltham, Mass.: Academic Press.

Drack, A. V., Rabinowitz, Y. & Cotlier, E. (2013). Congenital cataracts and genetic anomalies of the lens. (Chapter 137). In D. L. Rimoin , R. E. Pyeritz & B. Korf (Eds.) Emery and Rimoin's Principles and Practice of Medical Genetics. pp. 1-25. Waltham, Mass: Academic Press.

Chamling, X., Seo, S., Bugge, K., Searby, C., Guo, D. F., Drack, A. V., Rahmouni, K. & Sheffield, V. C. (2013). Ectopic Expression of Human BBS4 Can Rescue Bardet-Biedl Syndrome Phenotypes in Bbs4 Null Mice. PLoS One, 8(3), e59101. PMID: 23554981.

Seo, S., Bhattarai, S., Gratie, D., Stone, E. M., Sheffield, V., Mullins, R. F. & Drack, A. V. (2013). Gene therapy in a mouse model of Bardet Biedl Syndrome type I. IOVS. PMID: 23900607.

Tucker, B. A., Mullins, R. F., Streb, L. M., Anfinson, K., Eyestone, M. E., Kaalberg, E., Riker, M. J., Drack, A. V., Braun, T. A. & Stone, E. M. (2013). Patient-specific iPSC-derived photoreceptor precursor cells as a means to investigate retinitis pigmentosa. eLife, 2, e00824. PMID: 23991284.

Drack, A., Mullins, R. & Seo, S. (2013). Retinitis Pigmentosa Syndromes: Bardet-Biedl Syndrome. In M. E. Hartnett , M. Trese & A. Capone (Eds.) Pediatric Retina. (2nd), pp. 259-268. Philadelphia, MA: Lippincott.

Drack, A. V., Mullins, R. & Seo, S. (2013). Retinitis Pigmentosa Syndromes: Bardet-Biedl Syndrome. In M. E. Harnett , M. Trese & A. Capone (Eds.) Pediatric Retina (2nd ed). (2nd), pp. 259-268. Philadelphia, MA: Lippincott Williams & Williams.

Seo, S., Mullins, R. F., Dumitrescu, A. V., Bhattarai, S., Gratie, D., Wang, K., Stone, E. M., Sheffield, V. C. & Drack, A. V. (2013). Subretinal gene therapy of mice with Bardet-Biedl Syndrome type 1. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci, 54(9), 6118-6132. PMID: 23900607.

Drack, A. V. (2013). Traumatic iritis. In D. B. Granet , S. L. Robbins , L. J. Baber (Eds.) Challenging Cases in Pediatric Ophthalmology. Elk Grove Village, IL: American Academy of Pediatrics.

Stone, E. M., Aldave, A. J., Drack, A. V., Maccumber, M. W., Sheffield, V., Traboulsi, E. & Weleber, R. G. (2012). Recommendations for genetic testing of inherited eye diseases: report of the American Academy of Ophthalmology task force on genetic testing. Ophthalmology, 119(11), 2408-10. PMID: 22944025.

Dumitrescu, A. V., Milunsky, J. M., Longmuir, S. Q. & Drack, A. V. (2012). A family with branchio-oculo-facial syndrome with primarily ocular involvement associated with mutation of the TFAP2A gene. Ophthalmic Genet, 33(2), 100-6. PMID: 22191992.

Drack, A. V., Dumitrescu, A. V., Bhattarai, S., Gratie, D., Stone, E. M., Mullins, R. & Sheffield, V. C. (2012). TUDCA slows retinal degeneration in two different mouse models of retinitis pigmentosa and prevents obesity in Bardet-Biedl type 1 mice. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci, 53(1), 396-402. PMID: 22110077.

Dumitrescu, A. V., Moga, D. C., Olson, R. J., Longmuir, S. Q. & Drack, A. V. (2012). Author Reply. Ophthalmology, 119(5), 1089-90. PMID: 22551612.

Zhang, M. S., Hutchinson, A. K., Drack, A. V., Cleveland, J. & Lambert, S. R. (2012). Improved Ocular Alignment with Adjustable Sutures in Adults Undergoing Strabismus Surgery. Ophthalmology, 119(2), 396-402. PMID: 22036633.

Drack, A. V. (2012). Trauma leading to pain, photophobia, and small pupil. In D. B. Granet , S. L. Robbins , L. J. Baber (Eds.) Challenging Cases in Pediatric Ophthalmology. pp. 305-311. Elk Grove Village, IL: American Academy of Pediatrics.

Dumitrescu, A. V., Moga, D. C., Longmuir, S. Q., Olson, R. J. & Drack, A. V. (2011). Prevalence and characteristics of abnormal head posture in children with Down syndrome: a 20-year retrospective, descriptive review. Ophthalmology, 118(9), 1859-64. PMID: 21665280.

Capo, H., Repka, M. X., Edmond, J. C., Drack, A. V., Blumenfield, L. & Sjatkowski, R. M. (2011). Optic nerve abnormalities in children: a practical approach. J AAPOS, 15(3), 281-90. PMID: 21683634.

Lachke, S. A., Alkuraya, F. S., Kneeland, S. C., Ohn, T., Aboukhalil, A., Howell, G. R., Saadi, I., Cavallesco, R., Yue, Y., Tsai, A. C., Nair, K. S., Cosma, M. I., Smith, R. S., Hodges, E., Alfadhli, S. M., Al-Hajeri, A., Shamseldin, H. E., Behbehani, A., Hannon, G. J., Bulyk, M. L., Drack, A. V., Anderson, P. J., John, S. W. & Maas, R. L. (2011). Mutations in the RNA granule component TDRD7 cause cataract and glaucoma. Science, 331(6024), 1571-6. PMID: 21436445.

Milunsky, J. M., Maher, T. M., Zhao, G., Wang, Z., Mulliken, J. B., Chitayat, D., Clemens, M., Stalker, H. J., Bauer, M., Burch, M., Chénier, S., Cunningham, M. L., Drack, A. V., Janssens, S., Karlea, A., Klatt, R., Kini, U., Klein, O., Lachmeijer, A. M., Megarbane, A., Mendelsohn, N. J., Meschino, W. S., Mortier, G. R., Parkash, S., Ray, C. R., Roberts, A., Roberts, A., Reardon, W., Schnur, R. E., Smith, R., Splitt, M., Tezcan, K., Whiteford, M. L., Wong, D. A., Zori, R. & Lin, A. E. (2011). Genotype-phenotype analysis of the branchio-oculo-facial syndrome. Am J Med Genet A, 155A(1), 22-32. PMID: 21204207.

Narkewicz, M. R., Rosenthal, P., Schwarz, K. B., Drack, A. V., Margolis, T., Repka, M. X. & PEDS-C Study Group (2010). Ophthalmologic complications in children with chronic hepatitis C treated with pegylated interferon. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr, 51(2), 183-6. PMID: 20512062.

Drack, A. V., Lambert, S. R. & Stone, E. M. (2010). From the Laboratory to the Clinic: Molecular Genetic Testing in Pediatric Ophthalmology. Am J Ophthal, 149(1), 10-17. PMID: 20103038.

Zein, W. M., Drack, A. V. (2010). Inheritance of Refractive Errors. In E. I. Traboulsi (Eds.) Genetic Diseases of the Eye (2nd ed). pp. 245-254. New York: Oxford University Press.

Walia, S., Fishman, G. A., Jacobson, S. G., Aleman, T. S., Koenekoop, R. K., Traboulsi, E. I., Weleber, R. G., Pennesi, M. E., Heon, E., Drack, A. V., Lam, B., Allikmets, R. & Stone, E. M. (2010). Visual Acuity in Patients with Leber Congenital Amaurosis and Early Childhood-Onset Retinitis Pigmentosa. Ophthalmol, 117(6), 1190-8. PMID: 20079931.

Drack, A. V., Johnston, R. & Stone, E. M. (2009). Which Leber congenital amaurosis patients are eligible for gene therapy trials?. J AAPOS, 13(5), 463-5. PMID: 19840725.

Hink, E. M., Oliver, S. C., Drack, A. V., Hawes, M. J., Wojno, T. H., On, A. V. & Durairaj, V. D. (2008). Pediatric golf-related ophthalmic injuries. Arch Ophthalmol, 126(9), 1252-6. PMID: 18779486.

Drack, A. V. (2008). Refractive Errors in Children. In D. M. Albert , J. W. Miller (Eds.) Albert & Jacobiec's Principles and Practice of Ophthalmology (3rd ed). pp. 4145-4158. Philadelphia: Elsevier.

Drack, A. V. (2007). Refractive Errors in Children.

Curtis, T. H., Stout, A. U., Drack, A. V. & Durairaj, V. D. (2006). Giant orbital cysts after strabismus surgery. Am J Ophthalmol, 142(4), 697-9. PMID: 17011875.

Prall, F. R., Drack, A. V., Taylor, M., Ku, L., Olson, J. L., Gregory, D., Mestroni, L. & Mandava, N. (2006). Ophthalmic manifestations of Danon disease. Ophthalmology, 113(6), 1010-3. PMID: 16751040.

Sands, R., Drack, A. V. (2006). Pediatric Ophthalmology, Chapter 15: Eye.

Drack, A. V. (2006). Retinopathy of prematurity. Adv Pediatr, 53, 211-26. PMID: 17089868.

Drack, A. V. (2005). Pediatric Ophthalmology, Chapter 13. In D. Palay , J. Krachmer (Eds.) Primary Care Ophthalmology, 2nd ed. St Louis: Mosby.

Lambert, S. R., Drack, A. V. & Hutchinson, A. K. (2004). Longitudinal changes in the refractive errors of children with tears in Descemet's membrane following forceps injuries. J AAPOS, 8(4), 368-70. PMID: 15314599.

Dubois, L., Drack, A. V. (2004). Ocular Genetics. Refinements (JCAHPO modules), 4(1), 1-12.

Sands, R., Drack, A. V. & Eisenbaum, A. (2004). Pediatric Ophthalmology.

Dracl, A. V. (2002). Heritable disorders of RPE, Bruch's membrane, and the choriocapillaris. In K. W. Wright , P. Spiegel (Eds.) Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus. (2), pp. 523-38. Springer.

Drack, A. V. (2002). Myopia. In K. W. Wright , P. Spiegel (Eds.) Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus (2nd ed). pp. 644-653. New York: Springer.

Reddy, C., Drack, A. V. (2002). Nonvascular Hamartomas. In K. W. Wright , P. Spiegel (Eds.) Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus (2nd ed). pp. 576-583. New York: Springer.

Drack, A. V. (2002). Patterns of Retinal Disease in Children. In K. W. Wright , P. Spiegel (Eds.) Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus (2nd ed.). pp. 654-671. New York: Springer.

Drack, A. V., Kimura, A. (2002). Retinitis Pigmentosa and Associated Disorders. In K. W. Wright , P. Spiegel (Eds.) Pediatric Ophthalmology and Stabismus (2nd ed.). pp. 420-448. New York: Springer.

Ober, R., Palmer, E., Wright, K. & Drack, A. V. (2002). Retinopathy of Prematurity. In K. Wright , P. Spiegel (Eds.) Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus. Springer.

Kerrison, J. B., Giorda, R., Lenart, T. D., Drack, A. V. & Maumenee, I. H. (2001). Clinical and genetic analysis of a family with X-linked congenital nystagmus (NYS1). Ophthalmic Genet, 22(4), 241-8. PMID: 11803490.

Nucci, P., Drack, A. V. (2001). Refractive surgery for unilateral high myopia in children. J AAPOS, 5(6), 348-51. PMID: 11753253.

Lambert, S. R., Lynn, M., Drews-Botsch, C., Loupe, D., Plager, D. A., Medow, N. B., Wilson, M. E., Buckley, E. G., Drack, A. V. & Fawcett, S. L. (2001). A comparison of grating visual acuity, strabismus, and reoperation outcomes among children with aphakia and pseudophakia after unilateral cataract surgery during the first six months of life. J AAPOS, 5(2), 70-5. PMID: 11304812.

Drack, A. V., Nucci, P. (2001). Refractive surgery in children. Ophthalmology Clinics of North America, 14(3), 457-466. PMID: 11705146.

Bech-Hansen, N. T., Naylor, M. J., Maybaum, T. A., Sparkes, R. L., Koop, B., Birch, D. G., Bergen, A. A., Prinsen, C. F., Polomeno, R. C., Gal, A., Drack, A. V., Musarella, M. A., Jacobson, S. G., Young, R. S. & Weleber, R. G. (2000). Mutations in NYX, encoding the leucine-rich proteoglycan nyctalopin, cause X-linked complete congenital stationary night blindness. Nat Genet, 26(3), 319-23. PMID: 11062471.

Mendicino, M. E., Lynch, M. G., Drack, A. V., Beck, A. D., Harbin, T., Pollard, Z., Vela, M. A. & Lynn, M. J. (2000). Long-term surgical and visual outcomes in primary congenital glaucoma: 360 degrees trabeculotomy versus goniotomy. J AAPOS, 4(4), 205-10. PMID: 10951295.

Whitfill, C. R., Drack, A. V. (2000). Avoidance and treatment of retinopathy of prematurity. Semin Pediatr Surg, 9(2), 103-5. PMID: 10807233.

Lambert, S. R., Capone, A., Cingle, K. A. & Drack, A. V. (2000). Cataract and phthisis bulbi after laser photoablation for threshold retinopathy of prematurity. Am J Ophthalmol, 129(5), 585-91. PMID: 10844048.

Lenart, T. D., Drack, A. V., Tarnuzzer, R. W., Fernandes, A. & Lambert, S. R. (2000). Heterochromia after pediatric cataract surgery. J AAPOS, 4(1), 40-5. PMID: 10675870.

Drack, A. V., Alcorn, D. & Lingua, R. (2000). Potential Use of LASIK in children. J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus, 37(6), 354-360. PMID: 11392410.

Moore, C., Drack, A. V. (2000). Prism adaptation in decompensated monofixation syndrome. Am Orthop J, 50, 80-84.

Hutcheson, K. A., Drack, A. V., Ellish, N. J. & Lambert, S. R. (1999). Anterior hyaloid face opacification after pediatric Nd:YAG laser capsulotomy. J AAPOS, 3(5), 303-7. PMID: 10532576.

Drack, A. V., Petronio, J. & Capone, A. (1999). Unilateral retinal hemorrhages in documented cases of child abuse. Am J Ophthalmol, 128(3), 340-4. PMID: 10511029.

Chang, J. H., Spraul, C. W., Lynn, M. L., Drack, A. V. & Grossniklaus, H. E. (1998). The two-stage mutation model in retinal hemangioblastoma. Ophthalmic Genet, 19(3), 123-30. PMID: 9810567.

Drack, A. V. (1998). Inheritance of Refractive Errors. In E. Traboulski (Eds.) Genetic diseases of the eye, Chapter 9. pp. 163-174. St Louis: Mosby.

Drack, A. V. (1998). Preventing blindness in premature infants. New Engl J Med, 338(22), 1620-1621. PMID: 9603802.

Hutcheson, K., Drack, A. V. (1998). The diagnosis and management of the child who doesn't see. Focal Points (American Academy of Ophthalmology), 16(2), 1-14.

Hutcheson, K. A., Drack, A. V. & Lambert, S. R. (1997). Balloon dilatation for treatment of resistant nasolacrimal duct obstruction. J AAPOS, 1(4), 241-4. PMID: 10532771.

Sorkin, J. A., Shoffner, J. M., Grossniklaus, H. E., Drack, A. V. & Lambert, S. R. (1997). Strabismus and mitochondrial defects in chronic progressive external ophthalmoplegia. Am J Ophthalmol, 123(2), 235-42. PMID: 9186130.

Drack, A. V. (1997). Infantile Cataracts. Indications for systemic and genetic workup. Am Orthoptic Journal, 47, 2-7.

Drack, A. V. (1997). Pediatric Ophthalmology, Chapter 12. In D. A. Palay , J. H. Krachmer (Eds.) Ophthalmology for the Primary Care Physician. pp. 169-207. St Louis: Mosby.

Drack, A. V. (1996). Basics of Inheritance. In Duane's Foundations of Clinical Ophthalmology (rev ed.), Chapter 51. (Revised Edition), pp. 1-17. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott.

Lambert, S. R., Drack, A. V. (1996). Infantile cataracts. Surv Ophthalmol, 40(6), 427-58. PMID: 8724637.

Sorkin, J. A., Davis, P. C., Meacham, L. R., Parks, J. S., Drack, A. V. & Lambert, S. R. (1996). Optic nerve hypoplasia: Absence of posterior pituitary bright signal on magnetic resonance imaging correlates with diabetes insipidus. Correspondence, 122, 717-723. PMID: 8909213.

Drack, A. V. (1995). Congenital and Childhood Macular Lesions. International Ophthalmology Clinics, 35(4), 1-8. PMID: 8847186.

Drack, A. V. (1995). Myopia. In K. Wright , F. Ellis , M. Mets , M. Del Monte , E. Buckley , E. Stone (Eds.) Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus. pp. 555-561. St Louis: Mosby.

Drack, A. V., Stone, E. M. (1995). Patterns of Retinal Disease in Children. In K. Wright , F. Ellis , M. Mets , M. Del Monte , E. Buckley , E. Stone (Eds.) Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus. pp. 563-580. Mosby.

Kimura, A. E., Drack, A. V. & Stone, E. M. (1995). Retinitis Pigmentosa and Associated Disorders. In K. W. Wright (Eds.) Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus. pp. 449-66. St Louis: Mosby.

Stone, E. M., Nichols, B. E., Kimura, A. E., Weingeist, T. A., Drack, A. V. & Sheffield, V. C. (1994). Clinical features of a Stargardt-like dominant progressive macular dystrophy with genetic linkage to chromosome 6q. Arch Ophthalmol, 112(6), 765-72. PMID: 8002834.

Drack, A. V., Kutschke, P. J., Stair, S. & Scott, W. E. (1994). Compliance with safety glasses wear in monocular children. J Ophthalmic Nurs Technol, 13(2), 77-82. PMID: 7966376.

Reddy, V. M., Capone Jr, A. & Drack, A. V. (1994). The role of light toxicity in retinopathy of prematurity and congenital cataract. Am J Ophthalmol, 117(2), 262-264. PMID: 8116759.

Capone, A., Drack, A. V. (1994). Transient lens change after diode laser retinal photoablation for retinopathy of prematurity. Am J Ophthalmol, 118(4), 533-535. PMID: 7943140.

Nichols, B. E., Drack, A. V., Vandenburgh, K., Kimura, A. E., Sheffield, V. C. & Stone, E. M. (1993). A 2 base pair deletion in the RDS Gene Associated with Butterfly-Shaped pigment dystrophy of the fovea. Hum Mol Genet, 2(5), 601-3. PMID: 8251014.

Nichols, B. E., Sheffield, V. C., Vandenburgh, K., Drack, A. V., Kimura, A. E. & Stone, E. M. (1993). Butterfly-shaped pigment dystrophy of the fovea is caused by a point mutation in codon 167 of the RDS gene. Nature Genetics, 3(2), 202-207. PMID: 8485574.

Johnson, A. T., Drack, A. V., Kwitek, A. E., Cannon, R. L., Stone, E. M. & Alward, W. L. (1993). Clinical features and linkage analysis of a family with autosomal dominant juvenile glaucoma. Ophthalmology, 100(4), 524-529. PMID: 8479711.

Drack, A. V., Keech, R. V. (1993). Complete cataract. In G. W. Cibis , A. C. Tongue , M. L. Stass-Isern (Eds.) Decision making in pediatric ophthalmology. pp. 36-7. St Louis: Mosby.

Drack, A. V., Kutschke, P. J., Stair, S. & Scott, W. E. (1993). Compliance with safety glasses wear in monocular children. J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus, 30(4), 249-52. PMID: 8410576.

Sheffield, V. C., Stone, E. M., Alward, W. L., Drack, A. V., Johnson, A. T., Streb, L. M. & Nichols, B. E. (1993). Genetic linkage of familial open angle glaucoma to chromosome 1q21-q31. Nat Genet, 4(1), 47-50. PMID: 8513321.

Drack, A. V., Keech, R. V. (1993). Partial cataract. In G. W. Cibis , A. C. Tongue , M. L. Stass-Isern (Eds.) Decision making in pediatric ophthalmology. pp. 32-5. St Louis: Mosby.

Drack, A. V., Scott, W. E. (1992). A curved, hinged ruler for measurement along the globe. Arch Ophthalmol, 110(8), 1175. PMID: 1497535.

Drack, A. V., Traboulsi, E. I. & Maumenee, I. H. (1992). Progression of Retinopathy in olivopontocerebellar atrophy with retinal degeneration. Arch Ophthalmol, 110(5), 712-713. PMID: 1580852.

Drack, A. V., Burke, J. P., Pulido, J. S. & Keech, R. V. (1992). Transient punctuate lenticular opacities as a complication of argon laser photoablation in an infant with retinopathy of prematurity. Am J Ophthalmol, 113(5), 583-584. PMID: 1575234.

Drack, A. V., Traboulsi, E. I. (1991). Systemic associations of pigmentary retinopathy. Int Ophthalmol Clin, 31(3), 35-59. PMID: 1880001.

Chrousos, G. A., Drack, A. V., Young, M., Kattah, J. & Sirdofsky, M. (1990). Neuroretinitis in cat scratch disease. J Clin Neuroophthalmol, 10(2), 92-4. PMID: 2141865.

O'Neil, J. F., Drack, A. V. (1990). Rubella: German Measles. In D. H. Gold , T. A. Weingeist (Eds.) The Eye and Systemic Disease. pp. 269-272. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Co.

O'Neil, J. F., Drack, A. V. (1990). The Eye and Rubella. In D. H. Gold , T. A. Weingeist (Eds.) The Eye and Systemic Disease. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Co.

Weinstein, J. M., Drack, A. V., VerHoeve, J. N. & Balaban, C. D. (1988). Saccade amplitude and direction influences on the human presaccadic potential. Clin Vision Science, 3(3), 203-212.

Vinson, J. A., Possanza, C. J. & Drack, A. V. (1988). The effect of ascorbic acid on galactose induced cataracts. Nutrition Reports Int, 33, 665-66.

Weinstein, J. M., Williams, G. R., Drack, A. V., Stank, T. M. & Balaban, C. D. (1984). Cortical evoked potentials preceding voluntary saccadic eye movements. Neuro-Ophthalmol, 4(3), 169-176.

Ruud, E., Beiske, K., Drack, A. V., Steen, H. B. & Godal, T. (1984). Different fate of antibodies to surface IgM and IgD in germinal centre cell-associated lymphomas. Scand J Immunol, 19(5), 447-455. PMID: 6427920.

Beiske, K., Ruud, E., Drack, A. V., Marton, P. F. & Godal, T. (1984). Induction of maturation of human B-cell lymphomas in vitro: morphologic changes in relation to immunoglobulin and DNA synthesis. Am J Pathol, 115(3), 362-374. PMID: 6375389.