Keith D. Carter, MD, FACS

Portrait
Lillian C. O'Brien and Dr. C.S. O'Brien Chair in Ophthalmology
Chairman and Head, Department of Ophthalmology
Professor of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences
Professor of Otolaryngology

Contact Information

Primary Office: 11136F PFP
Iowa City, IA 52242
319-356-2867

Education

BS, Pharmacy, Purdue University
MD, Medicine, Indiana University

Internship, Methodist Hospital
Resident, Ophthalmology, W.K. Kellogg Eye Center, University of Michigan
Fellow, Oculoplastics and Orbital Surgery, Department of Ophthalmology, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics

Licensure and Certifications

ABO Certification - American Board of Ophthalmology
NBME Diplomate - National Board of Medical Examiners

Publications

Chahal, H. S., Estrada, M., Sindt, C. W., Boehme, J. A., Greiner, M. A., Nerad, J. A., Carter, K. D., Allen, R. C. & Shriver, E. M. (2018). Scleral Contact Lenses in an Academic Oculoplastics Clinic: Epidemiology and Emerging Considerations. Ophthalmic plastic and reconstructive surgery, 34(3), 231-236. PMID: 28538612.

Evans, J. A., Clark, T. J., Zimmerman, M. B., Allen, R. C., Nerad, J. A., Carter, K. D. & Shriver, E. M. (2018). Rethinking Our Definition of Postoperative Success: A Comparative Analysis of Three Upper Eyelid Retraction Repair Techniques Using Novel Metrics to Capture Functional and Aesthetic Outcomes. Ophthalmic plastic and reconstructive surgery, 34(1), 55-63. PMID: 28195872.

(2018). President's Statement: The Value of Education, and the Satisfaction of Giving Back. EyeNet, 22(1), 14.

Clark, T. J., Klejch, W. J., Wang, K., Allen, R. C., Nerad, J. A., Carter, K. D. & Shriver, E. M. (2018). Hering's Law in Congenital Ptosis: Evaluation of the Contralateral Response to Unilateral Congenital Ptosis Repair. Ophthalmic plastic and reconstructive surgery, 34(3), 284-290. PMID: 28723733.

Provencher, L. M., Carter, K. D., Nerad, J. A. & Alward WLM, (2017). Upper Eyelid Splitting to Facilitate the Insertion of Glaucoma Drainage Devices. Journal of glaucoma, 26(11), e249-e251. PMID: 28930886.

McConnell, L. K., Syed, N. A., Zimmerman, M. B., Carter, K. D., Nerad, J. A., Allen, R. C. & Shriver, E. M. (2017). An Analysis of Conjunctival Map Biopsies in Sebaceous Carcinoma. Ophthalmic plastic and reconstructive surgery, 33(1), 17-21. PMID: 26836812.

Baker, M. S., Yin, V. T., Ivan, D., Allen, R. C., Carter, K. D., Esmaeli, B. & Shriver, E. M. (2017). Epidemiology and Prognosis of Primary Periocular Sweat Gland Carcinomas. Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, 33(2), 101-105. PMID: 26974419.

Shams, P. N., Policeni, B., Carter, K. D., Shriver, E. & Thurtell, M. J. (2016). Bilateral septic cavernous sinus thrombosis, congestive orbitopathy, and ischemic optic neuropathy. Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology, 51(2), e75-e7. PMID: 27085286.

Andrews, B. T., Smith, R. B., Thurston, T. E. & Carter, K. D. (2016). Orbital contracture repair using the radial forearm free flap: A nine and ten year follow-up. International Journal of Ophthalmology and Clinical Research, 3(2), article 057.

Kuiper, J. J., Zimmerman, M. B., Pagedar, N. A., Carter, K. D., Allen, R. C. & Shriver, E. M. (2016). Perception of patient appearance following various methods of reconstruction after orbital exenteration. Orbit (Amsterdam, Netherlands), 35(4), 187-192. PMID: 27341072.

Allen, R. C., Hong, E. S., Zimmerman, M. B., Morrison, L. A., Nerad, J. A. & Carter, K. D. (2015). Factors affecting eyelid crease formation before and after silicone frontalis suspension for adult-onset myogenic ptosis. Ophthalmic plastic and reconstructive surgery, 31(3), 227-32. PMID: 25198392.

Savage, M. W., Sobel, R. K., Hoffman, H. T., Carter, K. D., Finkelstein, M. W. & Shriver, E. M. (2015). Salivary gland dysfunction and nasolacrimal duct obstruction: stenotic changes following I-131 therapy. Ophthalmic plastic and reconstructive surgery, 31(3), e50-2. PMID: 24836449.

Neff, A. G., Carter, K. D. (2014). Benign Eyelid Lesions (Section 12, Chapter 12.9). In M. Yanoff , J. S. Duker (Eds.) Ophthalmology. pp. 1295-1305. Elsevier Saunders.

Clark, T. J., Renner, L. M., Sobel, R. K., Carter, K. D., Nerad, J. A., Allen, R. C. & Shriver, E. M. (2014). Intimate partner violence: an underappreciated etiology of orbital floor fractures. Ophthalmic plastic and reconstructive surgery, 30(6), 508-11. PMID: 24833455.

Sobel, R. K., Carter, K. D. & Allen, R. (2014). Bilateral lacrimal drainage obstruction and its association with secondary causes. Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg, 30(2), 152-156.

Chen, J. J., Hong, S., Kirby, P. A., Policeni, B. A., Carter, K. D. & Thurtell, M. J. (2014). Limited Wegener's Granulomatosis Presenting with an Isolated Abduction Deficit. Neuro-Ophthalmology, 38(3), 145-148. PMID: 27928291.

Reddy, A. K., Baker, M. S., Sobel, R. K., Whelan, D. A., Carter, K. D. & Allen, R. C. (2014). Survivors of Self-inflicted Gunshot Wounds to the Head: Characterization of Ocular Injuries and Health Care Costs. JAMA Ophthalmology, 132(6), 730-36. PMID: 24676273.

Rixen, J., Verdick, R., Allen, R. & Carter, K. (2013). Lateral canthotomy and cantholysis. EyeRounds.org.

Fellman, M., Carter, K., Call, C. B. & Esmaeli, B. (2013). Disease recurrence after intraarterial chemotherapy in 2 patients with adenoid cystic carcinoma of lacrimal gland. Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology, 48(2), e17-18. PMID: 23561610.

Call, C., Wise, R., Hansen, M., Carter, K. & Allen, R. (2012). In vivo examination of meibomian gland morphology in patients with facial nerve palsy using infrared meibography. Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg, 28(6), 396-400.

Sobel, R. K., Carter, K. D. & Allen, R. C. (2012). Periorbital edema: a puzzle no more?. Curr Opin Ophthalmol, 23(5), 405-414. PMID: 22729182.

Allen, R. C., Zimmerman, M. B., Watterberg, E. A., Morrison, L. A. & Carter, K. D. (2012). Primary bilateral silicone frontalis suspension for good levator function ptosis in oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy. Br J Ophthalmol, 96(6), 841-845. PMID: 22493036.

Lee, J., Carter, K. D. (2011). Chapter 6. Suture Materials and Needles. In T. A. Oetting (Eds.) Basic Principles of Ophthalmic Surgery, 2nd ed.. pp. 83-89. American Academy of Ophthalmology.

Call, C., Carter, K. & Allen, R. (2011). Meningiomas. EyeRounds.org.

Alsuhaibani, A. H., Carter, K. D., Policeni, B. & Nerad, J. A. (2011). Orbital volume and eye position changes after balanced orbital decompression. Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg, 27(3), 158-163. PMID: 20940662.

Alsuhaibani, A. H., Carter, K. D., Nerad, J. A. & Lee, A. G. (2011). Effect of optic nerve sheath fenestration on papilledema of the operated and the contralateral nonoperated eyes in idiopathic intracranial hypertension. Ophthalmology, 118(2), 412-4. PMID: 20801522.

Watkins, L. M., Carter, K. D. & Nerad, J. A. (2011). Ocular adnexal lymphoma of the extraocular muscles: case series from the University of Iowa and review of the literature. Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg, 27(6), 471-176. PMID: 22072211.

Alsuhaibani, A. H., Carter, K. D., Policeni, B. & Nerad, J. A. (2011). Effect of orbital bony decompression for Graves' orbitopathy on the volume of extraocular muscles. Br J Ophthalmol, 95(9), 1255-1258. PMID: 21216797.

Nerad, J. A., Carter, K. D. & Alford, M. A. (2009). Rapid Diagnosis in Ophthalmology. In Duker , Macsai (Eds.) Oculoplastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Mosby Elsevier.

Neff, A. G., Carter, K. D. (2009). Benign Eyelid Lesions. In Ophthalmology. Elsevier Saunders.

Rogers, G. M., Oetting, T. A., Lee, A. G., Grignon, C., Greenlee, E., Johnson, A. T., Beaver, H. A. & Carter, K. D. (2009). Impact of a structured surgical curriculum on ophthalmic resident cataract surgery complication rates. J Cataract Refract Surg, 35(11), 1956-1960. PMID: 19878829.

Lee, A. G., Oetting, T., Beaver, H. A., Carter, K. D. & Task Force on the ACGME Competencies at the University of Iowa Department of Ophthalmology (2009). The ACGME Outcome Project in ophthalmology: practical recommendations for overcoming the barriers to local implementation of the national mandate. Surv Ophthalmol, 54(4), 507-517. PMID: 19539838.

Allen, R. C., Jaramillo, J., Black, R., Sandoval, D., Morrison, L., Qualls, C., Carter, K. D. & Nerad, J. A. (2009). Clinical characterization and blepharoptosis surgery outcomes in Hispanic New Mexicans with oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy. Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg, 25(2), 103-8. PMID: 19300150.

Song, A., Carter, K. D., Syed, A. A., Song, J. & Nerad, J. A. (2008). Sebaceous cell carcinoma of the ocular adnexa: clinical presentations, histopathology, and outcomes. Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg, 3, 194-200. PMID: 18520834.

Song, A., Carter, K. D., Nerad, J. A., Boldt, C. & Folk, J. (2008). Steroid-induced ptosis: case studies and histopathologic analysis. Eye (Lond), 22(4), 491-5. PMID: 17220825.

Alsuhaibani, A. H., Carter, K. D., Nerad, J. A. & Lee, A. G. (2008). Prostate carcinoma metastasis to extraocular muscles. Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg, 24(3), 233-5. PMID: 18520846.

Lee, A. G., Golnik, K. C., Oetting, T. A., Beaver, H. A., Boldt, H. C., Olson, R., Greenlee, E., Abramoff, M. D., Johnson, A. T. & Carter, K. D. (2008). Re-engineering the resident applicant selection process in ophthalmology: a literature review and recommendations for improvement. Surv Ophthalmol, 53(2), 164-176. PMID: 18348881.

Lee, A. G., Beaver, H. A., Boldt, H. C., Olson, R. J., Oetting, T. A., Abramoff, M. D. & Carter, K. D. (2007). Teaching and assessing professionalism in ophthalmology residency training programs. Surv Ophthalmol, 52(3), 300-314. PMID: 17472805.

Lee, A. G., Greenlee, E., Oetting, T. A., Beaver, H. A., Johnson, A., Boldt, H., Abramoff, M. D., Olson, R. J. & Carter, K. D. (2007). Assessing cataract surgical competency. Ophthalmology, 7, 1415-1416. PMID: 17475334.

Lee, A. G., Beaver, H. A., Greenlee, E., Oetting, T. A., Boldt, H. C., Olson, R., Abramoff, M. & Carter, K. D. (2007). Teaching and assessing systems-based competency in ophthalmology residency training programs. Surv Ophthalmol, 52(6), 680-689. PMID: 18029274.

Lee, A. G., Greenlee, E., Oetting, T. A., Beaver, H. A., Johnson, A. T., Boldt, H. C., Abramoff, M., Olson, R. & Carter, K. D. (2007). The Iowa ophthalmology wet laboratory curriculum for teaching and assessing cataract surgical competency. Ophthalmology, 114(7), e21-26. PMID: 17475332.

Lee, J., Carter, K. D. (2006). Chapter 6. Suture Materials and Needles. In T. A. Oetting (Eds.) Basic Principles of Ophthalmic Surgery. pp. 83-89. American Academy of Ophthalmology.

Song, A., Carter, K. D. (2006). Bilateral traumatic globe subluxation. Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg, 22(2), 136-7. PMID: 16550062.

Lee, A. G., Boldt, H., Golnik, K. C., Arnold, A. C., Oetting, T. A., Beaver, H. A., Olson, R. J., Zimmerman, M. B. & Carter, K. D. (2006). Structured journal club as a tool to teach and assess resident competence in practice-based learning and improvement. Ophthalmology, 113(3), 497-500. PMID: 16458971.

Lee, A. G., Carter, K. D. (2006). OCEX reliability. Ophthalmology, 113(4), 717. PMID: 16581438.

Oetting, T. A., Lee, A. G., Beaver, H. A., Johnson, A., Boldt, H., Olson, R. J. & Carter, K. D. (2006). Teaching and assessing surgical competency in ophthalmology training programs. Ophthalmic Surg Lasers Imaging, 37(5), 384-393. PMID: 17017198.

Holloman, E. L., Carter, K. D. (2005). Modification of the Cutler-Beard procedure using donor achilles tendon for upper eyelid reconstruction. Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg, 21(4), 267-70. PMID: 16052138.

Song, A., Syed, N. A., Kirby, P. A. & Carter, K. D. (2005). Giant cell angiofibroma of the ocular adnexae. Arch Ophthalmol, 123(10), 1438-1443. PMID: 16219740.

Golnik, K. C., Lee, A. G. & Carter, K. D. (2005). Assessment of ophthalmology resident on-call performance. Ophthalmology, 112(7), 1242-1246. PMID: 15921753.

Lee, A. G., Boldt, H. C., Golnik, K. C., Arnold, A. C., Oetting, T. A., Beaver, H. A., Olson, R. J. & Carter, K. D. (2005). Using the Journal Club to teach and assess competence in practice-based learning and improvement: a literature review and recommendation for implementation. Surv Ophthalmol, 50(6), 542-548. PMID: 16263369.

Graham, S. M., Carter, K. D. (2005). Response of visual loss in allergic fungal sinusitis to oral corticosteroids. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol, 114(3), 247-9. PMID: 15825578.

Lee, A. G., Carter, K. D. (2004). Managing the new mandate in resident education: a blueprint for translating a national mandate into local compliance. Ophthalmology, 111(10), 1807-12. PMID: 15465540.

Brown, C. L., Graham, S. M., Griffin, M. C., Smith, R. J., Carter, K. D., Nerad, J. A. & Bauman, N. M. (2004). Pediatric medial subperiosteal orbital abscess: medical management where possible. Am J Rhinol, 18(5), 321-7. PMID: 15586805.

Neff, A. G., Carter, K. D. (2004). Benign Eyelid Lesions. In Ophthalmology. Elsevier Saunders.

Graham, S. M., Carter, K. D. (2003). Major complications of endoscopic sinus surgery: a comment. Br J Ophthalmol, 87(3), 374. PMID: 12598472.

Graham, S. M., Brown, C. L., Carter, K. D., Song, A. & Nerad, J. A. (2003). Medial and lateral orbital wall surgery for balanced decompression in thyroid eye disease. Laryngoscope, 113(7), 1206-9. PMID: 12838020.

Thomas, R. D., Graham, S. M., Carter, K. D. & Nerad, J. A. (2003). Management of the orbital floor in silent sinus syndrome. Am J Rhinol, 17(2), 97-100. PMID: 12751704.

Patel, A. D., Alford, M. & Carter, K. D. (2002). Persistent visual loss following retrobulbar hemorrhage. Can J Ophthalmol, 37(1), 34-36. PMID: 11865956.

Carter, K. D., Alford, M. A., Murphy, M. L. & Neff, A. G. (2002). Eyelids. In D. H. Gold , R. A. Lewis (Eds.) Clinical Eye Atlas. pp. Section 1, pp 1-94. AMA Press.

Graham, S. M., Thomas, R. D., Carter, K. D. & Nerad, J. A. (2002). The transcaruncular approach to the medial orbital wall. Laryngoscope, 112(6), 986-9. PMID: 12160296.

Collaborative Ocular Melanoma Study Group (2001). Cause-specific mortality coding. methods in the collaborative ocular melanoma study coms report no. 14. Controlled Clinical Trials, 22(3), 248-262. PMID: 11384789.

Collaborative Ocular Melanoma Study Group (2001). Collaborative ocular melanoma study (COMS) randomized trial of I-125 brachytherapy for medium choroidal melanoma. I. Visual acuity after 3 years COMS report no. 16. Ophthalmology, 108(2), 348-366. PMID: 11158813.

Alford, M. A., Nerad, J. A. & Carter, K. D. (2001). Predictive value of the initial quantified relative afferent pupillary defect in 19 consecutive patients with traumatic optic neuropathy. Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg, 17(5), 323-7. PMID: 11642487.

Collaborative Ocular Melanoma Study Group (2001). Assessment of metastatic disease status at death in 435 patients with large choroidal melanoma in the Collaborative Ocular Melanoma Study (COMS): COMS report no. 15. Archives of Ophthalmology, 119(5), 670-676. PMID: 11346394.

Simpson, J. L., Alford, M. A., Carter, K. D. & Keech, R. V. (1999). Metastatic rhabdomyosarcoma presenting as an isolated lateral rectus restriction. J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus, 36(2), 90-91. PMID: 10204136.

Graham, S. M., Carter, K. D. (1999). Combined-approach orbital decompression for thyroid-related orbitopathy. Clin Otolaryngol Allied Sci, 24(2), 109-13. PMID: 10225154.

Carter, K. D., Graham, S. M. & Carpenter, K. M. (1999). Ophthalmic manifestations of allergic fungal sinusitis. Am J Ophthalmol, 127(2), 189-95. PMID: 10030562.

Neff, A. G., Carter, K. D. (1999). Benign Eyelid Lesions. In M. Yanoff , J. S. Duker (Eds.) Ophthalmology. pp. Section 7, Chapter 11, pp 1-14. Mosby International.

Alford, M. A., Carter, K. D. & Nerad, J. A. (1999). Prevention of lacrimal stent prolapse using a silicone sleeve. Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg, 15(3), 227-228. PMID: 10355843.

Levin, L. A., Beck, R. W., Joseph, M. P., Seiff, S., Kraker, R., International Optic Nerve Trauma Study Group, & Carter, K. D. (1999). The treatment of traumatic optic neuropathy: the International Optic Nerve Trauma Study. Ophthalmology, 106(7), 1268-1277. PMID: 10406604.

Graham, S. M., Chee, L., Alford, M. A. & Carter, K. D. (1999). New techniques for surgical decompression of thyroid-related orbitopathy. Ann Acad Med Singapore, 28(4), 494-7. PMID: 10561759.

Carter, K. D., Nerad, J. A. & Whitaker, D. C. (1999). Clinical factors influencing periocular surgical defects after Mohs micrographic surgery. Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg, 15(2), 83-91. PMID: 10189634.

Carter, K. D., Carter, J. A. (1998). Orbital Defect: Tissue-Integration Reconstruction. In P. Branemark , D. E. Tolman (Eds.) Osseointegration In Craniofacial Reconstruction. pp. Chapter 15, 179-186. Quintessence Publishing Co.

Collaborative Ocular Melanoma Study Group (1998). Histopathologic characteristics of uveal melanomas in eyes enucleated from the Collaborative Ocular Melanoma Study. COMS report no. 6. Am J Ophthalmol, 125(6), 745-766. PMID: 9645714.

Collaborative Ocular Melanoma Study Group (1998). The Collaborative Ocular Melanoma Study (COMS) randomized trial of pre-enucleation radiation of large choroidal melanoma I: characteristics of patients enrolled and not enrolled. COMS report no. 9. Am J Ophthalmol, 125(6), 767-778. PMID: 9645715.

Collaborative Ocular Melanoma Study Group, (1998). The Collaborative Ocular Melanoma Study (COMS) randomized trial of pre-enucleation radiation of large choroidal melanoma II: initial mortality findings. COMS report no. 10. Am J Ophthalmol, 125(6), 779-796. PMID: 9645716.

Graham, S. M., Carter, K. D. (1997). Combined endoscopic and subciliary orbital decompression for thyroid-related compressive optic neuropathy. Rhinology, 35(3), 103-7. PMID: 9403938.

Devaiah, A. K., Hoffman, H. T., Robinson, R. A. & Carter, K. D. (1997). Oral botryomycosis: a case report. J Laryngol Otol, 111(1), 77-79. PMID: 9292141.

Carter, K. D. (1995). Lid Retraction, Chapter 59. In F. H. Roy (Eds.) Master Techniques in Ophthalmic Surgery. pp. 431-440. Williams & Wilkins.

Carter, K. D., Nerad, J. A. (1995). Primary Acquired Nasolacrimal Duct Obstruction. In Stephen (Eds.) Principle and Practice of Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, vol.2. pp. Chapter 77, 784-796. W B Saunders.

Funk, G. F., Hoffman, H. T. & Carter, K. D. (1993). Special considerations in the management of malignant skin lesions about the eye. Otolaryngol Clin North Am, 26(2), 215-30. PMID: 8460039.

Howard, G. R., Nerad, J. A., Carter, K. D. & Whitaker, D. C. (1992). Clinical characteristics associated with orbital invasion of cutaneous basal cell and squamous cell tumors of the eyelid. Am J Ophthalmol, 113(2), 123-33. PMID: 1550179.

Engelken, J. D., Yuh, W. T., Carter, K. D. & Nerad, J. A. (1992). Optic nerve sarcoidosis: MR findings. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol, 13(1), 228-30. PMID: 1595450.

Carter, K. D., Howard, G. R. (1992). Chapter 11: Trauma. In M. Vrabec , G. Florackis (Eds.) Ophthalmic Essentials. pp. 410-435. Blackwell Scientific Publications.

Leatherbarrow, B., Nerad, J. A., Carter, K. D., Pe'er, J. & Spencer, J. (1992). Lenticular choristoma. British Journal of Ophthalmology, 76(8), 507-508. PMID: 1390539.

Carter, K. D., Nerad, J. A. (1992). Free Skin Grafts in Periocular and Orbital Surgery. In J. Bardach , H. Elkadi (Eds.) Local Skin Flaps and Grafts in Head and Neck Reconstruction. pp. 255-261. St Louis: Mosby Year Book.

Brackup, A. A., Nerad, J. A. & Carter, K. D. (1992). Orbital metastasis from a malignant melanoma arising in a giant congenital melanocytic nevus. Orbit, 11(3), 123-130.

Nerad, J. A., Carter, K. D. (1992). Management of the Anophthalmic Socket. Focal Points: Clinical Modules for Ophthalmologist, 10.

Carter, K. D., Nerad, J. A. (1992). Plain Roentgenogram Evaluation of Orbital Disease. In W. Tasman , E. A. Jaeger , J. V. Linberg , J. S. Freeman Jr (Eds.) Duane’s Clinical Ophthalmology. pp. Vol. 2, Chapter 23. J.B. Lippincott Company.

Schwartz, T. L., Carter, K. D., Judisch, G. F., Nerad, J. A. & Folberg, R. (1991). Congenital macronodular juvenile xanthogranuloma of the eyelid. Ophthalmology, 98(8), 1230-3. PMID: 1923358.

Nerad, J. A., Hurtig, R. R., Carter, K. D., Bulgarelli, D. M. & Yeager, D. C. (1991). A system for measurement of prosthetic eye movements using a magnetic search coil technique. Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg, 7(1), 31-40. PMID: 2018747.

Munden, P. M., Carter, K. D. & Nerad, J. A. (1991). The oculocardiac reflex during enucleation. Am J Ophthalmol, 111(3), 378-379. PMID: 2000914.

Munden, P. M., Kardon, R. H., Denison, C. E. & Carter, K. D. (1991). Palpebral fissure responses to topical adrenergic drugs. Am J Ophthalmol, 111(6), 706-10. PMID: 2039040.

Nerad, J. A., Carter, K. D., LaVelle, W. E., Fyler, A. & Brånemark, P. I. (1991). The osseointegration technique for the rehabilitation of the exenterated orbit. Arch Ophthalmol, 109(7), 1032-8. PMID: 2064560.

Carter, K. D., Frueh, B. R., Hessburg, T. P. & Musch, D. C. (1991). Long-term efficacy of orbital decompression for compressive optic neuropathy of Graves' eye disease. Ophthalmology, 98(9), 1435-42. PMID: 1945321.

Yuh, W. T., Hanigan, M. T., Nerad, J. A., Ehrhardt, J. C., Carter, K. D., Kardon, R. H. & Shellock, F. G. (1991). Extrusion of eye socket magnetic implant after MR imaging: potential hazard to patient with eye prosthesis. J Magn Reson Imaging, 1(6), 711-3. PMID: 1823177.

Brackup, A. B., Carter, K. D., Nerad, J. A., Folk, J. C. & Pulido, J. S. (1991). Long-term follow-up of severely injured eyes following globe rupture. Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg, 7(3), 194-7. PMID: 1911526.

Pulido, J. S., Folberg, R., Carter, K. D. & Coonan, P. (1990). Histoplasma capsulatum endophthalmitis after cataract extraction. Ophthalmology, 97(2), 217-20. PMID: 2326010.

Warren, R. C., Nerad, J. A. & Carter, K. D. (1990). Punch biopsy technique for the ophthalmologist. Arch Ophthalmol, 108(6), 778-779. PMID: 2350271.

Howard, G. R., Nerad, J. A. & Carter, K. D. (1990). Superior ophthalmic vein enlargement and proptosis caused by middle cranial fossa lipoma. Am J Ophthalmol, 110(6), 705-706. PMID: 2248341.

Green, B. F., Kraft, S. P., Carter, K. D., Buncic, J. R., Nerad, J. A. & Armstrong, D. (1990). Intraorbital wood. Detection by magnetic resonance imaging. Ophthalmology, 97(5), 608-11. PMID: 2188193.

Carter, K. D., Nelson, C. C. & Martonyi, C. L. (1988). Size variation of the lacrimal punctum in adults. Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg, 4(4), 231-3. PMID: 3154744.

Nerad, J. A., Carter, K. D. & Folberg, R. (1988). Simple dacryops. Arch Ophthalmol, 106(8), 1129. PMID: 3401142.

Gum, K. B., Carter, K. D. & Vine, A. K. (1988). Massive bilateral retinal vascular occlusion secondary to thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura. Retina, 8(3), 185-7. PMID: 2976518.

Carter, K. D., Morgan, C. M. & Otto, M. H. (1987). Neisseria mucosa endophthalmitis. Am J Ophthalmol, 104(6), 663-664. PMID: 3500646.

Carter, K. D., Nerad, J. A. (1987). Fluctuating visual loss secondary to orbital emphysema. Am J Ophthalmol, 104(6), 664-665. PMID: 3688110.