Logo for University of Iowa Health Care This logo represents the University of Iowa Health Care

Nasreen A. Syed, MD

VAMC Active Medical Staff
Director, F.C. Blodi Eye Pathology Laboratory
Clinical Professor of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences
Clinical Professor of Pathology - Anatomic Pathology

Contact Information

Primary Office
233 MRC
Iowa City, IA 52242


BA, Biology/Chemistry, University of Missouri-Kansas City
MD, Combined BA/MD Program, University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Medicine
Internship, Internal Medicine, University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Medicine Affiliated Hospitals
Resident, Ophthalmology, Medical College of Wisconsin Affiliated Hospitals
Fellow, Ophthalmic Pathology and Uveitis, University of Wisconsin Medical School

Licensure and Certifications

Iowa Medical License - Iowa Board of Medicine
ABO Certification - American Board of Ophthalmology


Syed, N. A. (In Press). Basic and Clinical Science Course, Section 4, Ophthalmic Pathology and Intraocular Tumors, Chair, Editorial Committee

. N. A. Syed (Eds.) (Vols. Volume 4). San Francisco, CA: American Academy of Ophthalmology.

Syed, N. A. (In Press). Chapter 8, Sclera

. In N. A. Syed (Eds.) Basic and Clinical Science Course, Section 4. San Francisco, CA: American Academy of Ophthalmology.

Syed, N. A. (2020). The Eye. In Rubin's Pathology: Mechanisms of Human Disease. (Eighth Edition), pp. 1536-1557. Philadelphia PA: Wolters Kluwer


See TRO,, Stålhammar, G., Tang, T., Manusow, J. S., Jordan, D. R., Nerad, J. A., Kersten, R. C., Yonkers, M., Syed, N. A., Brownstein, S. & Grossniklaus, H. E. (2019). Primary ductal adenocarcinoma of the lacrimal gland: A review and report of five cases. Survey of ophthalmology. PMID: 31837385.

Radmall, B. R., Sampson, A. D., Syed, N. A. & Ko, A. C. (2019). Periocular Sebaceous Carcinoma Masquerading as an Intratarsal Cyst. Ophthalmic plastic and reconstructive surgery. PMID: 31770178.

Gong, D., Winn, B. J., Beal, C. J., Blomquist, P. H., Chen, R. W., Culican, S. M., Dagi Glass, L. R., Domeracki, G. F., Goshe, J. M., Jones, J. K., Khouri, A. S., Legault, G. L., Martin, T. J., Mitchell, K. T., Naseri, A., Oetting, T. A., Olson, J. H., Pettey, J. H., Reinoso, M. A., Reynolds, A. L., Siatkowski, R. M., SooHoo, J. R., Sun, G., Syed, M. F., Tao, J. P., Taravati, P., WuDunn, D. & Al-Aswad, L. A. (2019). Gender Differences in Case Volume Among Ophthalmology Residents. JAMA ophthalmology. PMID: 31318390.

Provencher, L. M., Fairbanks, A. M., Abramoff, M. D. & Syed, N. A. (2018). Urinary ß2-microglobulin and disease activity in patients with tubulointerstitial nephritis and uveitis syndrome. Journal of ophthalmic inflammation and infection, 8(1), 24. PMID: 30594950.

van der Heide, C. J., Alward, W. L., Flamme-Wiese, M., Riker, M., Syed, N. A., Anderson, M. G., Carter, K., Kuehn, M. H., Stone, E. M., Mullins, R. F. & Fingert, J. H. (2018). Histochemical analysis of glaucoma caused by a myoc mutation in a human donor eye. Ophthalmology Glaucoma. Ophthalmology Glaucoma, 1(2), 132-138. DOI: 10.1016/j.ogla.2018.08.004.

Scruggs, B., Quist, T., Syed, N. A. & Alward, W. L. (2018). Neovascular glaucoma. EyeRounds.org.

Buckingham, E. M., Foley, M. A., Grose, C., Syed, N. A., Smith, M. E., Margolis, T. P., Thurtell, M. J. & Kardon, R. (2018). Identification of herpes zoster associated temporal arteritis among cases of giant cell arteritis. American journal of ophthalmology, 187(3), 51-60. PMID: 29294312.

Baker, M. S., Maltry, A. C., Syed, N. A. & Allen, R. C. (2018). Orbital implant exposure after Acanthamoeba panophthalmitis. American journal of ophthalmology case reports, 10, 48-50. PMID: 29780912.

Reddy, A. K., Baker, M. S., Maltry, A. C., Syed, N. A. & Allen, R. C. (2017). Immunopathology and histopathology of conjunctival biopsies in patients with presumed idiopathic punctal stenosis. The British journal of ophthalmology, 101(2), 213-217. PMID: 27073206.

McConnell, L. K., Syed, N. A., Zimmerman, M. B., Carter, K. D., Nerad, J. A., Allen, R. C. & Shriver, E. M. (2017). An Analysis of Conjunctival Map Biopsies in Sebaceous Carcinoma. Ophthalmic plastic and reconstructive surgery, 33(1), 17-21. PMID: 26836812.

Syed, N. (2015). Correction: Ketamine/Xylazine-Induced Corneal Damage in Mice. (Vols. 10). (9), pp. e0137559. PloS one. PMID: 26327227.

Koehn, D., Meyer, K. J., Syed, N. A. & Anderson, M. G. (2015). Ketamine/Xylazine-Induced Corneal Damage in Mice. PLoS One, 10(7). PMID: 26222692.

Sobel, R. K., Syed, N. A., Carter, K. D. & Allen, R. C. (2015). Optic Nerve Sheath Fenestration: Current Preferences in Surgical Approach and Biopsy. Ophthalmic plastic and reconstructive surgery, 31(4), 310-2. PMID: 26168208.

Kemp, P. S., Longmuir, S. Q., Gertsch, K. R., Larson, S. A., Olson, R. J., Langguth, A. M., Syed, N. A. & Oetting, T. A. (2015). Cataract surgery in children with uveitis: retrospective analysis of intraocular lens implantation with anterior optic capture. J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus, 52(2), 119-125. PMID: 25608281.

Chen, J. J., Singh, N., Brinkley, J. J., Maltry, A. C., Policeni, B. A., Syed, N. A., Allen, R. C., Longmuir, R. A. & Thurtell, M. J. (2015). Renal cell carcinoma metastatic to the orbit in a patient with Wegener granulomatosis [comment, letter]. Journal of neuro-ophthalmology : the official journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society, 35(1), 94-6. PMID: 25295684.

Chen, J. J., Kamberos, N. L., O'Dorisio, M. S., Syed, N. A. & Boldt, C. (2014). Choroidal schwannoma in a 6-month-old girl. JAAPOS, 18(2), 197-9. PMID: 24698624.

Azari, A., Syed, N. A. & Albert, D. M. (2014). Examining and processing eye specimens. In Methods in Molecular Biology. pp. 377-396. PMID: 25015161.

Baker, M. S., McAllister, A. R., Syed, N. A. & Allen, R. C. (2013). Keloidal Scarring in Hard Palate Grafts [Epub ahead of print]. Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg. PMID: 24317104.

Sobel, R. K., Syed, N. A., Carter, K. D. & Allen, R. C. (2012). The Value of Optic Nerve Sheath Biopsy at the time of Fenestration. Presented at American Academy of Ophthalmology Annual Meeting, Chicago, IL.

Vislisel, J., Syed, N. A. (2012). The Bedside Ocular Examination. EyeRounds.org.

Weed, M., Syed, N. A. (2012). Perioperative Corneal Abrasions: Systems-based review and analysis.

Warren, C. C., Risma, J., Allen, R. C. & Syed, N. A. (2011). Myeloid Sarcoma: 20 year old female with lid fullness and diplopia.

Kay, C. N., Tarantola, R. M., Gehrs, K. M., Folk, J. C., Mahajan, V. B., Boldt, H., Syed, N. A. & Russell, S. R. (2011). Uveitis following intravitreal bevacizumab: a non-infectious cluster. Ophthalmic Sur Lasers Imaging, 42(4), 292-6. PMID: 21800802.

Hong, E. S., Longmuir, R. A., Syed, N. A. & Allen, R. C. (2010). ANCA-associated granulomatous vasculitis* (Wegener’s Granulomatosis).

Longmire, M., Syed, N. A. & Allen, R. C. (2010). Churg-Strauss Syndrome with Orbital Inflammation.

Longmuir, S. Q., Syed, N. A. & Boldt, H. (2010). Diffuse anterior retinoblastoma without retinal involvement. Ophthalmology, 117(10), 2034-8. PMID: 20663567.

Ward, M. S., Syed, N. A. & Goins, K. M. (2010). Ocular Cicatricial Pemphigoid: atypical presentation as pseudopterygium and limbal stem cell deficiency.

Gandhi, N., Syed, N. A. & Allen, R. C. (2010). Dermoid Cyst.

Amado, D., Mingozzi, F., Hui, D., Bennicelli, J. L., Wei, Z., Chen, Y., Bote, E., Grant, R. L., Golden, J. A., Narfstrom, K., Syed, N. A., Orlin, S. E., High, K. A., Bennett, A. M. & Bennett, J. (2010). Safety and efficacy of subretinal readministration of a viral vector in large animals to treat congenital blindness. Sci Transl Med, 2(21), 21ra16. PMID: 20374996.

Rogers, G. M., Syed, N. A., Alward, W. L., Fernandez de Castro, J. & Jensen, L. (2010). Iris-Ciliary Body Melanoma: 57-year-old female with iris lesion.

Syed, N. A. (2010). Ophthalmic Pathology and Intraocular Tumors, Chapters 12, 13. In 7. Basic and Clinical Science, Section 4. American Academy of Ophthalmology.

Fernandez de Castro, J. P., Syed, N. A. (2009). Clinicopathologic Correlation: Ciliary Body Leiomyoma.

Kitzmann, A. S., Wagoner, M. D., Syed, N. A. & Goins, K. M. (2009). Donor-related Candida keratitis after Descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty. Cornea, 28(7), 825-8. PMID: 19574899.

Birkholz, E. S., Syed, N. A. & Wagoner, M. D. (2009). Corneal Stromal Dystrophies: A Clinicopathologic Review.

Wendel, L. J., Longmuir, S. Q. & Syed, N. A. (2009). Non-accidental Trauma: An unresponsive infant with bilateral retinal hemorrhages.

Eagle, R. C., Grossniklaus, H. E., Syed, N. A., Hogan, R. N., Lloyd, W. C. & Folberg, R. (2009). Inadvertent evisceration of eyes containing uveal melanoma. Arch Ophthalmol, 127(2), 141-5. PMID: 19204229.

Tagg, N. T., Lee, A. G., Syed, N. A. & Golnik, K. C. (2009). Artery, vein, neither, both?. Surv Ophthalmol, 54(3), 408-11. PMID: 19422967.

Eagle, R. C., Grossniklaus, H. E., Syed, N. A., Hogan, R. N., Lloyd, W. C. & Folberg, R. (2009). Evisceration of Blind, Painful Eyes With Occult Uveal Melanoma Not a Crime [Reply]. Archives of Ophthalmology, 127(9), 1228-1229. PMID: 19752442.

Karikari, I. O., Syed, N. A. & Cummings, T. J. (2009). Secretory meningiomas of the orbit. Orbit, 28(6), 408-11. PMID: 19929671.

Kitzmann, A. S., Goins, K. M., Syed, N. A. & Wagoner, M. D. (2008). Bilateral herpes simplex keratitis with unilateral secondary bacterial keratitis and corneal perforation in a patient with pityriasis rubra pilaris. Cornea, 27(10), 1212-4. PMID: 19034146.

Ostojic, J., Grozdanic, S. D., Syed, N. A., Hargrove, M. S., Trent 3rd, J. T., Kuehn, M. H., Kwon, Y. H., Kardon, R. H. & Sakaguchi, D. S. (2008). Patterns of distribution of oxygen-binding globins, neuroglobin and cytoglobin in human retina. Archives of Ophthalmology (Chicago, Ill.: 1960), 126(11), 1530-6. PMID: 19001220.

Ostojic, J., Grozdanic, S., Syed, N. A., Hargrove, M. S., Trent 3rd, J. T., Kuehn, M. H., Kardon, R. H., Kwon, Y. H. & Sakaguchi, D. S. (2008). Neuroglobin and cytoglobin distribution in the anterior eye segment: a comparative immunohistochemical study. J Histochem Cytochem, 56(9), 863-72. PMID: 18574250.

Shah, S. S., Al-Rajhi, A., Brandt, J. D., Mannis, M. J., Roos, B., Sheffield, V., Syed, N. A., Stone, E. M. & Fingert, J. H. (2008). Mutation in the SLC4A11 gene associated with autosomal recessive congenital hereditary endothelial dystrophy in a large Saudi family. Ophthalmic Genet, 29(1), 41-5. PMID: 18363173.

Syed, N. A., Shetlar, D. J. (2008). Ophthalmic Pathology. In N. A. Syed , D. J. Shetlar (Eds.) Albert and Jakobiec’s Principles and Practice of Ophthalmology. (3rd Edition), pp. 3543-3812.

Syed, N. A., Albert, D. M., Garner, A. & White, V. A. (2008). Principles of Pathology. In D. M. Albert , J. W. Miller (Eds.) Albert and Jakobiec’s Principles and Practice of Ophthalmology. (3rd Edition), pp. 3543-3576. Philadelphia: Saunders Elsevier.

Song, A., Carter, K. D., Syed, N. A., Song, J. & Nerad, J. A. (2008). Sebaceous cell carcinoma of the ocular adnexa: clinical presentations, histopathology, and outcomes. Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg, 24(3), 194-200. PMID: 18520834.

Mullins, R. F., Kuehn, M. H., Faidley, E. A., Syed, N. A. & Stone, E. M. (2007). Differential macular and peripheral expression of bestrophin in human eyes and its implication for best disease. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci, 48(7), 3372-80. PMID: 17591911.

Graff, J. M., Goins, K. M., Syed, N. A. & Sutphin, J. E. (2006). Acanthamoeba Keratitis: 39-year-old contact lens wearer with persisting keratitis and pain.

Goldstein, S. M., Katowitz, J. A. & Syed, N. A. (2006). The histopathologic effects of balloon dacryoplasty on the rabbit nasolacrimal duct. J AAPOS, 10(4), 333-5. PMID: 16935233.

Johnson, S., Nerad, J. & Syed, N. A. (2006). Sebaceous Cell Carcinoma: A Masquerade Syndrome.

Syed, N. A. (2006). Ophthalmic Pathology and Intraocular Tumors, Chapters 7, 8, 12. In Basic and Clinical Science, Section 4. American Academy of Ophthalmology.

Farjo, A. A., Halperin, G. I., Syed, N. A., Sutphin, J. E. & Wagoner, M. D. (2006). Salzmann's nodular corneal degeneration clinical characteristics and surgical outcomes. Cornea, 25(1), 11-5. PMID: 16331034.

Song, A., Syed, N. A., Kirby, P. A. & Carter, K. D. (2005). Giant cell angiofibroma of the ocular adnexae. Arch Ophthalmol, 123(10), 1438-43. PMID: 16219740.

O'Malley, E. E., Nerad, J. A. & Syed, N. A. (2005). Nodular Basal Cell Carcinoma: 49 year-old female with left lower lid lesion.

Tantri, A., Syed, N. A. & Weingeist, T. A. (2005). Metastatic Choroidal Lesion: 61 y.o. man presents with pain and blurry vision OD.

Kim, S. K., Ibarra, M. S., Syed, N. A., Sulewski, M. E. & Orlin, S. E. (2005). Development of epithelial downgrowth several decades after intraocular surgery. Cornea, 24(1), 108-9. PMID: 15604876.

Glazer-Hockstein, C., Syed, N. A., Warhol, M. & Gausas, R. E. (2004). Malignant solitary fibrous tumor metastatic to the orbit. Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg, 20(6), 471-3. PMID: 15599253.

Szyfelbein, K., Kozakewicz, H. P., Syed, N. A. & Zembowicz, A. (2004). Phakomatous choristoma of the eyelid: a report of a case. J Cutan Pathol, 31(7), 506-8. PMID: 15239682.

Volpe, J. K., Hall, J. K., Galetta, S. L., Liu, G. T., Syed, N. A. & Balcer, L. J. (2003). Unilateral temporal artery biopsy: Author reply. PMID: 14597549.

Sharma, A., Ibarra, M. S., Piltz-Seymour, J. R. & Syed, N. A. (2003). An unusual case of uveitis-glaucoma-hyphema syndrome. Am J Ophthalmol, 135(4), 561-3. PMID: 12654386.

Hall, J. K., Volpe, N. J., Galetta, S. L., Liu, G. T., Syed, N. A. & Balcer, L. J. (2003). The role of unilateral temporal artery biopsy. Ophthalmology, 110(3), 543-8. PMID: 12623818.

Schocket, L. S., Syed, N. A. & Fine, S. L. (2002). Primary adrenal lymphoma with choroidal metastases. Am J Ophthalmol, 134(5), 775-6. PMID: 12429262.

Wilson, M. W., Moshfeghi, D. M., Haik, B. G., Syed, N. A. & Morris, W. R. (2002). Choroidal osteoma in a patient with contralateral persistent hyperplastic primary vitreous. Retina, 22(3), 358-60. PMID: 12055473.

Dubielzig, R. R., Grendahl, R. L., Orcutt, J. C., Syed, N. A. & Simons, K. B. (2002). Metastases. In R. Pfeiffer Jr. , K. B. Simons (Eds.) Ocular Tumors in Animals and Humans.. pp. 337-378. Blackwell Publishing.

Goldsmith, J. D., van de Rign, M. & Syed, N. A. (2001). Orbital hemangiopericytoma and solitary fibrous tumor: a morphologic continuum. Int J Surg Pathol, 9(4), 295-302. PMID: 12574845.

Albert, D., Syed, N. A. & Cancer Committee, College of American Pathologists (2001). Protocol for the examination of specimens from patients with retinoblastoma: a basis for checklists. Arch Pathol Lab Med, 125(9), 1183-8. PMID: 11520268.

Albert, D., Syed, N. A. & Cancer Committee, College of American Pathologists (2001). Protocol for the examination of specimens from patients with uveal melanoma: a basis for checklists. Arch pathol Lab Med, 125(9), 1177-82. PMID: 11520267.

Gupta, A. R., Dejneka, N. S., D'Amato, R. J., Yang, Z., Syed, N. A., Maguire, A. M. & Bennett, J. (2001). Strain-dependent anterior segment neovascularization following intravitreal gene transfer of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF). J Gene Med, 3(3), 252-9. PMID: 11437330.

Syed, N. A., Smith, J. E., John, S. K., Seabra, M. C., Aquirre, G. D. & Milam, A. H. (2001). Evaluation of retinal photoreceptors and pigment epithelium in a female carrier of choroideremia. Ophthalmology, 108(4), 711-20. PMID: 11297488.

Huang, Y., Cideciyan, A. V., Aleman, T. S., Banin, E., Huang, J., Syed, N. A., Petters, R. M., Wong, F., Milam, A. H. & Jacobson, S. G. (2000). Optical coherence tomography (OCT) abnormalities in rhodopsin mutant transgenic swine with retinal degeneration. Exp Eye Res, 70(2), 247-51. PMID: 10655151.

Goldstein, S. M., Syed, N. A., Milam, A. H., Maguire, A. M., Lawton, T. J. & Nichols, C. W. (1999). Cancer-associated retinopathy. Arch Ophthalmol, 117(12), 1641-5. PMID: 10604671.

Thorne, J., Syed, N. A. (1999). Iritis. In Current Concepts in Ophthalmology. pp. 36-40. Pennsylvania Academy of Ophthalmology.

Syed, N. A., Albert, D. M. (1999). Surgical pathology of ophthalmic plastic surgery. In D. M. Albert (Eds.) Ophthalmic Surgery: Principles and Techniques. Blackwell Science, Malden, MA,.

Norose, K., Clark, J. I., Syed, N. A., Basu, A., Heber-Katz, E., Sage, E. H. & Hose, C. C. (1998). SPARC deficiency leads to early-onset cataractogenesis. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci, 39(13), 2674-80. PMID: 9856777.

Syed, N. A., Windle, J. J., Darjatmoko, S. R., Lokken, J. M., Steeves, R. A., Chappell, R., Wallow, I. H., Koop, B. A., Mangold, G., Howes, K. A. & Albert, D. M. (1998). Transgenic mice with pigmented intraocular tumors: tissue of origin and treatment. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci, 39(13), 2800-5. PMID: 9856795.

Mills, M. D., Syed, N. A. (1998). Retinoblastoma in an eye with congenital uveal coloboma. J AAPOS, 2(5), 303-4. PMID: 10646753.

Galetta, S. L., Balcer, L. J., Lieberman, A. P., Syed, N. A., Lee, J. M. & Oberholtzer, J. C. (1997). Refractory giant cell arteritis with spinal cord infarction. Neurology, 49(6), 1720-3. PMID: 9409378.

Syed, N. A., Nork, T. M., Poulsen, G. L., Riis, R. C., George, C. & Albert, D. M. (1997). Retinoblastoma in a dog. Arch Ophthalmol, 115(6), 758-63. PMID: 9194728.

Brandt, C. R., Imesch, P. D., Robinson, N. L., Syed, N. A., Untawale, S., Darjatmoko, S. R., Chappell, R. J., Heinzelman, P. & Albert, D. M. (1997). Treatment of spontaneously arising retinoblastoma tumors in transgenic mice with an attenuated herpes simplex virus mutant. Virology, 229(1), 283-91. PMID: 9123872.

Slusker-Shternfeld, I., Syed, N. A. & Sires, B. A. (1997). Invasive spindle cell carcinoma of the conjunctiva. PMID: 9046272.

Brandt, C. R., Imesch, P., Spencer, B., Eliassi-Rad, B., Syed, N. A., Untawale, S., Robinson, N. L. & Albert, D. M. (1997). The herpes simplex virus type 1 ribonucleotide reductase is required for acute retinal disease. Arch Virol, 142(5), 883-96. PMID: 9191855.

Wilkerson, C. L., Syed, N. A., Fisher, M. R., Robinson, N. L., Wallow, I. H. & Albert, D. M. (1996). Melanocytes and iris color. Light microscopic findings. Arch Ophthalmol, 114(4), 437-42. PMID: 8602782.

Sabb, P. C., Syed, N. A., Sires, B. S., Lemke, B. N., Dortzbach, R. K. & Albert, D. M. (1996). Primary orbital myxoid liposarcoma presenting as orbital pain. Arch Ophthalmol, 114, 353-4. PMID: 8600903.

Syed, N. A., Chandler, J. W. (1995). Bacterial conjunctivitis. In R. A. Hyndiuk , K. F. Tabbara (Eds.) Infections of the Eye. (Second Edition) Little, Brown and Co, Boston.

Syed, N. A., Gohigian, G. M. (1995). Pathogenesis and clinical signs of conjunctival infection. In R. A. Hyndiuk , K. F. Tabbara (Eds.) Infections of the Eye. (Second Edition) Little, Brown and Co., Boston.

Syed, N. A., Hyndiuk, R. A. (1992). Infectious conjunctivitis. Infect Dis Clin North Am, 6(4), 789-805. PMID: 1460263.