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Stephen R. Russell, MD

Portrait
Dina J Schrage Professor of Macular Degeneration Research
Service Director, Vitreoretinal Diseases and Surgery
Professor of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences

Contact Information

Primary Office: 11196I PFP
Iowa City, 52242
Phone: 319-356-4588

Education

BS, Electrical Engineering and Biology, Stanford University
MD, UCLA School of Medicine

Internship, Medicine, Harbor - UCLA School of Medicine
Resident, Ophthalmology, Bascom Palmer Eye Institute
Fellow, Vitreoretinal Diseases and Surgery, University of Iowa

Licensure and Certifications

ABO Certification - American Board of Ophthalmology
State of Iowa Medical License - Iowa Board of Examiners
California Medical License - Medical Board of California

Center, Program and Institute Affiliations

Carver Family Center for Macular Degeneration, Stephen A. Wynn Institute for Vision Research

Publications

Carey, A., Russell, S. R. (2016). Cost-Benefit Analysis of Intravitreal Anti-VEGF Medications for the Treatment of Neovascular Age-Related Macular Degeneration in a Treat-And-Extend Regimen. (Vols. 57). (ARVO Annual Meeting. Seattle, WA), pp. [Abstract Number: 4983 - Poster A0373]. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Sciences.

Maguire, M. G., Martin, D. F., Ying, G. S., Jaffe, G. J., Daniel, E., Grunwald, J. E., Toth, C. A., Ferris, F. L., I, I. I., Fine, S. L., Folk, J. C., Critser, D. B., Russell, S. R., Sinkey, C., Stockman, H. A., Taylor, B. & Walshire, J. (2016). Five-Year Outcomes with Anti-Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Treatment of Neovascular Age-Related Macular Degeneration: The Comparison of Age-Related Macular Degeneration Treatments Trials. Ophthalmology. DOI: 10.1016/j.ophtha.2016.03.045.
[PubMed]

Binkley, E. M., Watson, J. S., Russell, S. R., Mahajan, V. B., Boldt, H. C., Folk, J. C., Abramoff, M. D., Gehrs, K. M. & Sohn, E. H. (2016). Disease Recurrence Following Endophthalmitis Associated with Intravitreal Injection. (Vols. 57). (ARVO Annual Meeting. Seattle, WA), pp. [Abstract Number: 6372 - Poster C0159]. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Sciences.

Watson, J. S., Carey, A., Binkley, E. M., Boldt, H. C., Folk, J. C., Sohn, E. H., Mahajan, V. B., Gehrs, K. M. & Russell, S. R. (2016). Long term follow-up of Ocular Histoplasmosis in the Anti-VEGF Era. (Vols. 57). (ARVO Annual Meeting. Seattle, WA), pp. [Abstract Number: 4513 - Poster B0123]. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Sciences.

Chin, E., Almeida, D. R., Strohbehn, A., Mahajan, V. B., Russell, S. R. & Folk, J. C. (2015). Elevated intraocular pressure following pars plana vitrectomy due to trapped gas in the posterior chamber. Retinal Cases & Brief reports.
[PubMed]

Lenci, L. T., Chin, E. K., Carter, C., Russell, S. R. & Almeida, D. R. (2015). Ischemic retinal vasculitis associated with cataract surgery and intracameral vancomycin. Case Reports Ophthalmological Medicine 2015.
[PubMed]

Mahajan, V. B., Chin, E. K., Tarantola, R. M., Almeida, D. R., Somani, R., Boldt, H. C., Folk, J. C., Gehrs, K. M. & Russell, S. R. (2015). Macular Hole Closure With Internal Limiting Membrane Abrasion Technique. JAMA ophthalmology, 133(6), 635-41. DOI: 10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2015.204.
[PubMed]

Kucukevcilioglu, M., Patel, C. B., Stone, E. M. & Russell, S. R. (2015). Clinically detectable drusen domains in fibulin-5-associated age-related macular degeneration (AMD) : Drusen subdomains in fibulin-5 AMD. International Ophthalmology.
[PubMed]

Almeida, D. R., Chin, E. K., Tarantola, R. M., Folk, J. C., Boldt, H. C., Skeie, J. M., Mullins, R. F., Russell, S. R. & Mahajan, V. B. (2015). Effect of internal limiting membrane abrasion on retinal tissues in macular holes. Investigative ophthalmology & visual science, 56(5), 2783-9. DOI: 10.1167/iovs.14-16355.
[PubMed]

Almeida, D. R., Zhang, L., Chin, E. K., Mullins, R. F., Kucukevcilioglu, M., Critser, D. B., Sonka, M., Stone, E. M., Folk, J. C., Abràmoff, M. D. & Russell, S. R. (2015). Comparison of retinal and choriocapillaris thicknesses following sitting to supine transition in healthy individuals and patients with age-related macular degeneration. JAMA ophthalmology, 133(3), 297-303. DOI: 10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2014.5168.
[PubMed]

Almeida, D. R., Chin, E. K., Mears, K., Russell, S. R. & Mahajan, V. B. (2015). Spontaneous dislocation of a fluocinolone acetonide implant (Retisert) into the anterior chamber and its successful extraction in sympathetic ophthalmia. Retinal cases & brief reports, 9(2), 142-4. DOI: 10.1097/ICB.0000000000000119.
[PubMed]

Almeida, D. R., Chin, E. K., Rahim, K., Folk, J. C. & Russell, S. R. (2015). Factors associated with spontaneous release of vitreomacular traction. Retina (Philadelphia, Pa.), 35(3), 492-7. DOI: 10.1097/IAE.0000000000000346.
[PubMed]

Chin, E. K., Almeida, D. R., Roybal, C. N., Niles, P. I., Gehrs, K. M., Sohn, E. H., Boldt, H. C., Russell, S. R. & Folk, J. C. (2015). Oral mineralocorticoid antagonists for recalcitrant central serous chorioretinopathy. Clinical ophthalmology (Auckland, N.Z.), 9, 1449-56. DOI: 10.2147/OPTH.S86778.
[PubMed]

Almeida, D. R., Chin, E. K., Tarantola, R. M., Tegins, E. O., Lopez, C. A., Boldt, H. C., Gehrs, K. M., Sohn, E. H., Russell, S. R., Folk, J. C. & Mahajan, V. B. (2015). Long-term outcomes in patients undergoing vitrectomy for retinal detachment due to viral retinitis. Clinical ophthalmology (Auckland, N.Z.), 9, 1307-14. DOI: 10.2147/OPTH.S87644.
[PubMed]

Grunwald, J. E., Daniel, E., Huang, J., Ying, G. S., Maguire, M. G., Toth, C. A., Jaffe, G. J., Fine, S. L., Blodi, B., Klein, M. L., Martin, A. A., Hagstrom, S. A., Martin, D. F. & CATT Research Group (2014). Risk of geographic atrophy in the comparison of age-related macular degeneration treatments trials. Ophthalmology, 121(1), 150-61. DOI: 10.1016/j.ophtha.2013.08.015.
[PubMed]

Writing Group for the AREDS2 Research Group, Bonds, D. E., Harrington, M., Worrall, B. B., Bertoni, A. G., Eaton, C. B., Hsia, J., Robinson, J., Clemons, T. E., Fine, L. J. & Chew, E. Y. (2014). Effect of long-chain ?-3 fatty acids and lutein + zeaxanthin supplements on cardiovascular outcomes: results of the Age-Related Eye Disease Study 2 (AREDS2) randomized clinical trial. JAMA internal medicine, 174(5), 763-71. DOI: 10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.328.
[PubMed]

Chen, J. J., Sohn, E. H., Folk, J. C., Mahajan, V. B., Kay, C. N., Boldt, H. C. & Russell, S. R. (2014). Decreased macular thickness in nonproliferative macular telangiectasia type 2 with oral carbonic anhydrase inhibitors. Retina, 34(7), 1400-06. DOI: doi: 10.1097/IAE.0000000000000093.
[PubMed]

Comparison of Age-Related Macular Degeneration Treatments Trials (CATT) Research Group (2014). VEGFA and VEGFR2 Gene Polymorphisms and Response to Anti-Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Therapy Comparison of Age-Related Macular Degeneration Treatments Trials. JAMA Ophthalmology, 132(5), 521-527.
[PubMed]

van Dijk, H., Verbraak, F. D., Kok, P., Lesnik, S., Oberstein, R., Schlingermann, R., Russell, S. R. & Abramoff, M. D. (2014). Variability in photocoagulation treatment of diabetic macular oedema.

Zhang, L., Sonka, M., Folk, J. C., Russell, S. R. & Abràmoff, M. D. (2014). Quantifying disrupted outer retinal-subretinal layer in SD-OCT images in choroidal neovascularization. Investigative ophthalmology & visual science, 55(4), 2329-35. DOI: 10.1167/iovs.13-13048.
[PubMed]

Chin, E. K., Almeida, D. R., Sohn, E. H., Boldt, H. C., Mahajan, V. B., Gehrs, K. M., Russell, S. R. & Folk, J. C. (2014). Incomplete vitreomacular traction release using intravitreal ocriplasmin. Case reports in ophthalmology, 5(3), 455-62. DOI: 10.1159/000370024.
[PubMed]

Age-Related Eye Disease Study 2 (AREDS2) Research Group, Chew, E. Y., Clemons, T. E., Sangiovanni, J. P., Danis, R. P., Ferris, 3rd, F. L., Elman, M. J., Antoszyk, A. N., Ruby, A. J., Orth, D., Bressler, S. B., Fish, G. E., Hubbard, G. B., Klein, M. L., Chandra, S. R., Blodi, B. A., Domalpally, A., Friberg, T., Wong, W. T., Rosenfeld, P. J., Agrón, E., Toth, C. A., Bernstein, P. S. & Sperduto, R. D. (2014). Secondary analyses of the effects of lutein/zeaxanthin on age-related macular degeneration progression: AREDS2 report No. 3. JAMA ophthalmology, 132(2), 142-9. DOI: 10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2013.7376.
[PubMed]

AREDS2-HOME Study Research Group (2013). Randomized Trial of a Home Monitoring System for Early Detection of Choroidal Neovascularization Home Monitoring of the Eye (HOME) Study. Ophthalmology, 121(2), 535-544. DOI: 10.1016/j.ophtha.2013.10.027.
[PubMed]

Tozer, K., Roller, A. B., Chong, L. P., Sadda, S., Folk, J. C., Mahajan, V. B., Russell, S. R., Boldt, H. C. & Sohn, E. H. (2013). Combination therapy for neovascular age-related macular degeneration refractory to anti-vascular endothelial growth factor agents. Ophthalmology, 120(10), 2029-34. DOI: 10.1016/j.ophtha.2013.03.016.
[PubMed]

Cunningham, M. A., Tarantola, R. M., Folk, J. C., Sohn, E. H., Boldt, H. C., Graff, J. A., Elkins, K., Russell, S. R. & Mahajan, V. B. (2013). Proliferative vitreoretinopathy may be a risk factor in combined macular hole retinal detachment cases.. Retina (Philadelphia, Pa.), 33(3), 579-85. DOI: 10.1097/IAE.0b013e31826b0c41.
[PubMed]

Hagstrom, S. A., et al. & Comparison of AMD Treatments Trials Research Group (2013). Pharmacogenetics for genes associated with age-related macular degeneration in the Comparison of AMD Treatments Trials (CATT). Ophthalmology, 120(3), 593-9. DOI: 10.1016/j.ophtha.2012.11.037.
[PubMed]

GAP Study Group (2013). Longitudinal analysis of reticular drusen associated with geographic atrophy in age-related macular degeneration. Investigative ophthalmology & visual science, 54(6), 4054-60. DOI: 10.1167/iovs.12-11538.
[PubMed]

Cunningham, M. A., Tlucek, P., Folk, J. C., Boldt, H. C. & Russell, S. R. (2013). Sequential, acute noninfectious uveitis associated with separate intravitreal injections of bevacizumab and ranibizumab. Retinal cases & brief reports, 7(4), 355-8. DOI: 10.1097/ICB.0b013e3182964f7c.
[PubMed]

Comparison of Age-Related Macular Degeneration Treatments Trial (CATT) Research Group (2013). Characteristics of incident geographic atrophy in the complications of age-related macular degeneration prevention trial. Ophthalmology, 120(9), 1871-9. DOI: 10.1016/j.ophtha.2013.01.049.
[PubMed]

Chew, E. Y., Clemons, T. E., Agron, E., Sperduto, R. D., Sangiovanni, J. P., Kurinij, N., Davis, M. D., Folk, J. C. & Russell, S. R. (2013). Long-Term Effects of Vitamins C and E, beta-Carotene, and Zinc on Age-Related Macular Degeneration: AREDS Report No. 35. Ophthalmology, 120(8), 1604-1611. DOI: doi: 10.1016/j.ophtha.2013.01.021.
[PubMed]

Comparison of Age-Related Macular Degeneration Treatments Trials (CATT Research Group) (2013). Incidence of choroidal neovascularization in the fellow eye in the comparison of age-related macular degeneration treatments trials. Ophthalmology, 120(10), 2035-41. DOI: 10.1016/j.ophtha.2013.03.017.
[PubMed]

Bakall, B., Folk, J. C., Boldt, H. C., Sohn, E. H., Stone, E. M., Russell, S. R. & Mahajan, V. B. (2013). Aflibercept therapy for exudative age-related macular degeneration resistant to bevacizumab and ranibizumab. American journal of ophthalmology, 156(1), 15-22.e1. DOI: 10.1016/j.ajo.2013.02.017.
[PubMed]

Abramoff, M. D., Folk, J. C., Han, D. P., Walker, J. D., Williams, D. F., Russell, S. R., Massin, P., Cochener, B., Gain, P., Tang, L., Lamard, M., Moga, D. C., Quellec, G. & Niemeijer, M. (2013). Automated analysis of retinal images for detection of referable diabetic retinopathy. JAMA Ophthalmol, 131(3), 351-7. DOI: doi: 10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2013.1743.
[PubMed]

Ying, G. S., et al. & Comparison of Age-related Macular Degeneration Treatments Trials Research Group (2013). Baseline predictors for one-year visual outcomes with ranibizumab or bevacizumab for neovascular age-related macular degeneration. Ophthalmology, 120(1), 122-9. DOI: 10.1016/j.ophtha.2012.07.042.
[PubMed]

Tarantola, R. M., Tsui, J. Y., Graff, J. M., Russell, S. R., Boldt, H., Mahajan, V. B. & Folk, J. C. (2013). Intraoperative sclerotomy-related retinal breaks during 23-gauge pars plana vitrectomy. (Vols. 33). (1), pp. 136-142. Retina. DOI: doi: 10.1097/IAE.0b013e31825e1d62.
[PubMed]

Comparison of Age-related Macular Degeneration Treatments Trials Research Group (2013). Macular morphology and visual acuity in the comparison of age-related macular degeneration treatments trials. Ophthalmology, 120(9), 1860-70. DOI: 10.1016/j.ophtha.2013.01.073.
[PubMed]

van Dijk, H. W., Verbraak, F. D., Kok, P. H., Oberstein, S. Y., Schlingemann, R. O., Russell, S. R. & Abramoff, M. D. (2013). Variability in photocoagulation treatment of diabetic macular oedema. Acta Ophthalmol, 91(8), 722-727. DOI: doi: 10.1111/j.1755-3768.2012.02524.x.
[PubMed]

Niemeijer, M., van Ginneken, B., Russell, S. R., Suttorp-Schulten, M. & Abramoff, M. D. (2013). Automated detection and differentiation of drusen, exudates, and cotton-wool spots in digital color funds photographs for diabetic retinopathy diagnosis [reprint]. In The Best of Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science: The first 50 years 1962-2012. pp. 807-804. Bethesda, MD: ARVO.

Russell, S. R., Boldt, H. C., Folk, J. C., Sohn, E. H., Tarantola, R. M., Kay, C. N. & Mahajan, V. B. (2013). Elimination of Infusion Bubbles and Uncontrolled Reflux in the Alcon Constellation Vitrectomy vision System. Retina, 33(4), 803-6. DOI: doi: 10.1097/IAE.0b013e31826c20c6.
[PubMed]

Scheetz, T. E., Fingert, J. H., Wang, K., Kuehn, M. H., Knudtson, K. L., Alward, W. L., Boldt, H. C., Russell, S. R., Folk, J. C., Casavant, T. L., Braun, T. A., Clark, A. F., Stone, E. M. & Sheffield, V. C. (2013). A genome-wide association study for primary open angle glaucoma and macular degeneration reveals novel Loci. PloS one, 8(3), e58657. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0058657.
[PubMed]

Russell, S. R., Dvorak, L. (2013). The Lost Art of Retinal Drawing. Iowa Retinal Publishers.

(2012). Study Design and Baseline Characteristics (AREDS2 Report Number 1). Ophthalmology, 119, 2282-2289.

(2012). Optical Coherence Tomogrpahy Grading Reproducibility during the Comparison of Age-Related Macular Degeneration Treatment Trials. Ophthalmology, 119(12), 2549-22557.

(2012). ProVision: Ophthalmic Multiple-Choice Questions with Discussions. (5 (print and online)) San Francisco: American Academy of Ophthalmology.

Martin, D. F., et al. & Comparison of Age-related Macular Degeneration Treatments Trials (CATT) Research Group (2012). Ranibizumab and bevacizumab for treatment of neovascular age-related macular degeneration: two-year results. Ophthalmology, 119(7), 1388-98. DOI: 10.1016/j.ophtha.2012.03.053.
[PubMed]

Herman, W. H., et al. & DCCT/EDIC Research Group (2012). Use of the Michigan Neuropathy Screening Instrument as a measure of distal symmetrical peripheral neuropathy in Type 1 diabetes: results from the Diabetes Control and Complications Trial/Epidemiology of Diabetes Interventions and Complications. Diabetic medicine : a journal of the British Diabetic Association, 29(7), 937-44. DOI: 10.1111/j.1464-5491.2012.03644.x.
[PubMed]

Schweitzer, D., Gaillard, E. R., Dillon, J., Mullins, R. F., Russell, S. R., Hoffman, B., Peters, S., Hammer, M. & Biskup, C. (2012). Time-Resolved Autofluorescence Imaging of Human Donor Retina Tissue from Donors with Significant Extramacular Drusen. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci, 53(7), 3376-3386. DOI: doi: 10.1167/iovs.11-8970.
[PubMed]

(2012). Photographic Assessment of Baseline Fundus Morphologic Features in the Comparison of Age-related Macular Degeneration Treatments Trials. Ophthalmology, 119, 1634-1641.

Tozer, K., Roller, A. B., Chong, L. P., Sadda, S., Folk, J. C., Mahajan, V. B., Russell, S. R., Boldt, H. C. & Sohn, E. H. (2012). Addition of Photodynamic Therapy for the Treatment of Neovacular AMD Refractory to Anti-VEGF Agents. Ophthalmology.

Cideciyan, A. V., Swider, M., Aleman, T. S., Feuer, W. J., Schwartz, S. B., Russell, R. C., Steinberg, J. D., Stone, E. M. & Jacobson, S. G. (2012). Macular Function in Macular Degenerations: Repeatability of Microperimetry as a Potential Outcome Measure for ABCA4-Associated Retinopathy Trials. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci, 53(2), 841-52. DOI: doi: 10.1167/iovs.11-8415.
[PubMed]

Davis, A. S., Folk, J. C., Russell, S. R., Sohn, E. H., Boldt, H., Stone, E. M. & Mahajan, V. B. (2012). Intravitreal bevacizumab for peripapillary choroidal neovascular membranes.. (Vols. 130). (8), pp. 1073-1075. Arch Ophthalmol. DOI: doi: 10.1001/archophthalmol.2012.465.
[PubMed]

Johnson, M. W., Brucker, A. J., Chang, S., Gandorfer, A., Kampik, A., Kuppermann, B. D., Russell, S. R., Spaide, R. F. & Thompson, J. T. (2012). Vitreomacular disorders: pathogenesis and treatment.. Retina, 32(Suppl 2), S173. DOI: doi: 10.1097/IAE.0b013e31826f3742.
[PubMed]

Christopher, M., Moga, D. C., Russell, S. R., Folk, J. C., Scheetz, T. E. & Abramoff, M. D. (2012). Validation of tablet-based evaluation of color fundus images.. Retina, 32(8), 1629-1635. DOI: doi: 10.1097/IAE.0b013e3182483361.
[PubMed]

Skeie, J. M., Brown, E. N., Martinez, H. D., Russell, S. R., Birkholz, E. S., Folk, J. C., Boldt, H., Gehrs, K. M., Stone, E. M., Wright, M. E. & Mahajan, V. B. (2012). Proteomic analysis of vitreous biopsy techniques.. Retina, 32(10), 2141-2149. DOI: doi: 10.1097/IAE.0b013e3182562017.
[PubMed]

Russell, S. R. (2012). What we know (and do not know) about vitreoretinal adhesion.. Retina, 32(Suppl 2), S181-186. DOI: doi: 10.1097/IAE.0b013e31825bf014.
[PubMed]

(2011). Levels of Oxidized LDL and Advanced Glycation End Products-Modified LDL in Circulating Immune Complexes Are Strongly Associated With Increased Levels of Carotid Intima-Media Thickness and Its Progression in Type 1 Diabetes. Diabetes, 60(2), 582-589.

(2011). Biomedical Risk Factors for Decreased Cognitive Functioning in Type 1 Diabetes: An 18 Year Follow-Up of the DCCT Cohort. Diabetologia, 54, 245-255.

(2011). T(1) Mapping of the Gadolinium-Enhanced Myocardium: Adjustment for Factors Affecting Interpatient Comparison. Magnetic Resonance in Medicine, 65, 1407-1415.

Schmitz-Valckenberg, S., Fleckenstein, M., Göbel, A. P., Hohman, T. C., Holz, F. G. (2011). Optical coherence tomography and autofluorescence findings in areas with geographicatrophy due to age-related macular degeneration. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci, 52(1), 1-6.
[PubMed]

Quellec, G., Russell, S. R. & Abramoff, M. D. (2011). Optimal filter framework for automated, instantaneous detection of lesions in retinal images. IEEE Trans Med Imaging, 30(2), 523-33. DOI: doi: 10.1109/TMI.2010.2089383.
[PubMed]

Mahajan, V. B., Tarantola, R. M., Graff, J. M., Boldt, H., Abramoff, M. D., Russell, S. R. & Folk, J. C. (2011). Sutureless triplanar sclerotomy for 23-gauge vitrectomy. Arch Ophthalmol, 129(5), 585-90. DOI: doi: 10.1001/archophthalmol.2011.101.
[PubMed]

Murakami, K., Koide, M., Dumont, T. M., Russell, S. R., Tranmer, B. I. & Wellman, G. C. (2011). Subarachnoid Hemorrhage Induces Gliosis and Increased Expression of the Pro-inflammatory Cytokine High Mobility Group Box 1 Protein. Transl Stroke Res, 2(1), 72-79.

Jacobson, S. G., Cideciyan, A. V., Gibbs, D., Sumaroka, A., Roman, A. J., Aleman, T. S., Schwartz, S. B., Olivares, M. B., Russell, R. C., Steinberg, J. D., Kenna, M. A., Kimberling, W. J., Rehm, H. L. & Williams, D. S. (2011). Retinal Disease Course in Usher Syndrome 1B due to MYO7A Mutations. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci, 52(11), 7924-36. DOI: doi: 10.1167/iovs.11-8313.
[PubMed]

(2011). Progression of Carotid Artery Intima-Media Thickness During 12 Years in the Diabetes Control and Complications Trial/Epidemiology of Diabetes Interventions and Complications (DCCT/EDIC) Study. Diabetes, 60(2), 607-613.

(2011). Effect of Intensive Glycemic Therapy on Erectile Function in Men With Type 1 Diabetes. Journal of Urology, 185, 1828-1834.

(2011). Gaps in the Glycation Gap Hypothesis. Clin Chemistry, 57, 150-152.

(2011). Determining Stability of Stored Samples Retrospectively: The Validity of Glycated Albumin. Clinical Chemistry, 57, 286-290.

(2011). Comparison of Digital and Film Grading of Diabetic Retinopathy Severity in the Diabetes Control and Complications Trial/Epidemiology of Diabetes Interventions and Complications (DCCT/EDIC) Study. Arch Ophthalmol, 129(6), 718-726.

Dvorak, L., Russell, S. R. (2011). Retinal Drawing: A Lost Art of Medicine. The Permanente Journal, 15(3), 74-75.
[PubMed]

(2011). Long-term Renal Outcomes of Patients with Type 1 Diabetes and Microalbuminuria: An Analysis of the DCCT/EDIC Cohort. Archives of Internal Medicine, 171, 412-420.

(2011). Ranibizumab and Bevacizumab for Neovascular Age-Related Macular Degeneration. N Engl J Med, 10, 1056.

Davis, L. K., Meyer, K. J., Schindler, E. I., Beck, J. S., Rudd, D. S., Grundstad, A. J., Scheetz, T. E., Braun, T. A., Fingert, J. H., Alward, W. L., Kwon, Y. H., Folk, J. C., Russell, S. R., Wassink, T. H., Sheffield, V. & Stone, E. M. (2011). Copy number variations and primary open-angle glaucoma. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci, 52(10), 7122-7133. DOI: doi: 10.1167/iovs.10-5606.
[PubMed]

Russell, S. R., Dvorak, L. (2011). Retinal drawing: a lost art of medicine.. Perm J, 15(3), 74-75.
[PubMed]

Schmitz-Valckenberg, S., Alten, F., Steinberg, J. S., Jaffe, G. J., Fleckenstein, M., Mukesh, B. N., Hohman, T. C., Holz, F. G., Russell, S. R. & Geographic Atrophy Progression (GAP) Study Group (2011). Reticular drusen associated with geographic atrophy in age-related macular degeneration. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci, 52(9), 5009-5015.
[PubMed]

Quellec, G., Russell, S. R., Scheetz, T. E., Stone, E. M. & Abramoff, M. D. (2011). Computational quantification of complex fundus phenotypes in age-related macular degeneration and Stargardt's disease. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci, 52(6), 2976-2981. DOI: doi: iovs.10-6232 [pii] 10.1167/iovs.10-6232.
[PubMed]

Mahajan, V. B., Elkins, K. A., Russell, S. R., Boldt, H., Gehrs, K. M., Weingeist, T. A., Stone, E. M., Abramoff, M. D., Liu, D. & Folk, J. C. (2011). Bilateral intravitreal injection of antivascular endothelial growth factor therapy. Retina, 31(1), 31-35. DOI: doi: 10.1097/IAE.0b013e3181ed8c80.
[PubMed]

Roller, A. B., Folk, J. C., Patel, N. M., Boldt, H. C., Russell, S. R., Abramoff, M. D. & Mahajan, V. B. (2011). Intravitreal Bevacizumab for Treatment of Proliferative and Nonproliferative Type 2 Idiopathic Macular Telangiectasia. Retina, 31(9), 1848-55. DOI: doi: 10.1097/IAE.0b013e31820d3feb.
[PubMed]

Meyer, K. K., Davis, L. K., Schindler, E. L., Beck, J. S., Rudd, D. S., Grundstad, A. J., Scheetz, T. E., Braun, T. A., Fingert, J. H., Alward, W. L., Kwon, Y. H., Folk, J. C., Russell, S. R., Wassink, T. H., Stone, E. M. & Sheffield, V. (2011). Genome-wide analysis of copy number variants in age-related macular degeneration. (Vols. 129). (1), pp. 91-100. Hum Genet. DOI: doi: 10.1007/s00439-010-0904-6.
[PubMed]

Tarantola, R. M., Folk, J. C., Shah, S. S., Boldt, H., Abramoff, M. D., Russell, S. R. & Mahajan, V. B. (2011). Intraoperative choroidal detachment during 23-gauge vitrectomy. Retina, 31(5), 893-901. DOI: doi: 10.1097/IAE.0b013e3181f4429b.
[PubMed]

(2011). Myocardial Structure, Function and Scar in Patients with Type 1 Diabetes. Circulation.

Roller, A. B., Folk, J. C., Patel, N. M., Boldt, H., Russell, S. R., Abramoff, M. D. & Mahajan, V. B. (2011). Intravitreal bevacizumab for treatment of proliferative and nonproliferative type 2 idiopathic macular telangiectasia. Retina, 31(9), 1848-1855.
[PubMed]

(2011). The Long-Term Effects of Type 1 Diabetes Treatment And Complications On Health-Related Quality-Of-Life: A 21 Year Follow-Up Of The Diabetes Control And Complications Trial/Epidemiology Of Diabetes Interventions And Complications Cohort. Journal of the American Medical Association.

(2011). Subject Characteristics and Study Features Associated with High Retention Rates in a Longitudinal Investigation of Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus. Clinical Trials.

Kay, C. N., Tarantola, R. M., Gehrs, K. M., Folk, J. C., Mahajan, V. B., Boldt, H., Syed, N. A. & Russell, S. R. (2011). Uveitis following intravitreal bevacizumab: a non-infectious cluster. Ophthalmic Surg Lasers Imaging, 42(4), 292-296. DOI: doi: 10.3928/15428877-20110603-04.
[PubMed]

Quellec, G., Russell, S. R., Seddon, J. M., Reynolds, R., Scheetz, T. E., Mahajan, V. B., Stone, E. M. & Abramoff, M. D. (2011). Automated discovery and quantification of image-based complex phenotypes: a twin study of drusen phenotypes in age-related macular degeneration. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci, 52(12), 9195-9206. DOI: doi: 10.1167/iovs.10-6793.
[PubMed]

Schmitz-Valckenberg, S., Alten, F., Steinberg, J. S., Jaffe, G. J., Fleckenstein, M., Mukesh, B. N., Hohman, T. C., Holz, F. G. (2011). Reticular drusen associated with geographic atrophy in age-related macular degeneration. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci, 52(9), 5009-15.

(2010). Effect of prior intensive therapy in type 1 Diabetes on 10-Year Progression of retinopathy in the DCCT/EDIC: comparison of adults and adolescents. Diabetes, 59(5), 1244-1253.

(2010). Effect of prior intensive insulin treatment during the Diabetes Control and Complications Trial (DCCT) on peripheral neuropathy in type 1 diabetes during the Epidemiology of Diabetes Interventions and Complications (EDIC) Study. Diabetes Care, 33(5), 1090-1096.

Agurto, C., Murray, V., Barriga, E., Murrillo, S., Pattichis, M., Davis, H., Russell, S., Abramoff, M. & Soliz, P. (2010). Multiscale AM-FM Methods for Diabetic Retinopathy Lesion Detection. IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging, 29(2), 502-512. DOI: doi: 10.1109/TMI.2009.2037146.
[PubMed]

Quellec, G., Abramoff, M. D. & Russell, S. R. (2010). Use of a twin dataset to identify AMD-related visual patterns controlled by genetic factors. Proceedings of the SPIE -The International Society for Optical Engineering (Progress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging Medical Imaging 2009: Biomedical Applications in Molecular, Structural, and Functional Imaging), 7624, 76240K.

Quellec, G., Russell, S. R. & Abramoff, M. D. (2010). Optimal Filter Framework for Automated, Instantaneous Detection of LEsions in Retinal Images. IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging, 1-11.

(2010). Disparity in the management of Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) Risk Factors by Sex in DCCT/EDIC. Diabet Med, 27(4), 451-458.

(2010). Vibration Perception Threshold as a Measure of Distal Symmetrical Peripheral Neuropathy in Type 1 Diabetes. Diabetes Care, 33, 2635-2641.

(2010). The Associations of Apolipoprotein E and Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Polymorphisms and Cognitive Function in Type 1 diabetes based on an 18-year follow-up of the DCCT cohort. Diabet Med, 27(1), 15-22.

(2010). Early Urinary Markers of Diabetic Kidney Disease: A Nested Case-Control Study From the DCCT. American Journal of Kidney Diseases, 55, 824-834.

Abràmoff, M. D., Reinhardt, J. M., Russell, S. R., Folk, J. C., Mahajan, V. B., Niemeijer, M. & Quellec, G. (2010). Automated early detection of diabetic retinopathy. Ophthalmology, 117(6), 1147-54. DOI: doi: S0161-6420(10)00325-8 [pii] 10.1016/j.ophtha..
[PubMed]

Skeie, J. M., Fingert, J. H., Russell, S. R., Stone, E. M. & Mullins, R. F. (2010). Complement component C5a activates ICAM-1 expression on human choroidal endothelial cells. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci, 51(10), 5336-5342. DOI: doi: 10.1167/iovs.10-5322.
[PubMed]

(2010). Development and progression of renal insufficiency with and without albuminuria in adults with type 1 diabetes in the diabetes control and complications trial and the epidemiology of diabetes interventions and complications study. Diabetes Care, 33(7), 1536-1543.

Roller, A. B., Mahajan, V. B., Boldt, H., Abramoff, M. D., Russell, S. R. & Folk, J. C. (2010). Effects of vitrectomy on age-related macular degeneration. Ophthalmology, 117(7), 1381-6. DOI: doi: S0161-6420(09)01295-0 [pii] 10.1016/j.ophtha..
[PubMed]

(2010). Comparison of urinary albumin-creatinine ratio and albumin excretion rate in the Diabetes Control and Complications Trial/Epidemiology of Diabetes Interventions and Complications study. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol, 5(7), 1235-1242.

Abramoff, M. D., Niemeijer, M. & Russell, S. R. (2010). Automated detection of diabetic retinopathy: barriers to translation into clinical practice. Expert Rev Med Devices, 7(2), 287-96. DOI: doi: 10.1586/erd.09.76.
[PubMed]

(2010). DCCT and EDIC studies in type 1 diabetes: lessons for diabetic neuropathy regarding metabolic memory and natural history. Curr Diab Rep, 10(4), 276-282.

Rauen, M., Russell, S. R., Tauber, S. & Goins, K. M. (2010). Surgical management of a posterior dislocated intraocular lens after descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty. Cornea, 29(3), 350-3. DOI: doi: 10.1097/ICO.0b013e3181ab96d4.
[PubMed]

Scoles, D., Gray, D. C., Wolfe, R., Gee, B., Geng, Y., Masella, B. D., Hunter, J., Libby, R., Russell, S., Williams, D. R. & Merigan, W. (2009). In-vivo imaging of retinal nerve fiber layer vasculature: imaging-histology comparison. BMC Ophthalmol, 23(9), 9.

Ying, G. S., Maguire, M. G., Alexander, J., Martin, R. W., Antoszyk, A. N. & Complications of Age-related Macular Degeneration Prevention Trial (2009). Complications of Age-related Macular Degeneration Prevention Trial Research Group. Description of the Age-Related Eye Disease Study 9-step severity scale applied to participants in the Complications of Age-related Macular Degeneration Prevention Trial. Arch Ophthalmol, 127(9), 1147-51.
[PubMed]

Garvin, M. K., Abramoff, M. D., Xiaodong, W., Russell, S. R., Burns, T. I. & Sonka, M. (2009). Automated 3-D Intraretinal Layer Segmentation of Macular Spectral-Domain Optical Coherence Tomography Images. IEEE Trans Med Imaging.

Garvin, M. K., Abràmoff, M. D., Wu, X., Russell, S. R., Burns, T. L. & Sonka, M. (2009). Automated 3-D intraretinal layer segmentation of macular spectral-domain optical coherence tomography images. IEEE Trans Med Imaging, 28(9), 1436-47.
[PubMed]

Mahajan, V. B., Russell, S. R. & Stone, E. M. (2009). A new macular dystrophy with anomalous vascular development, pigment spots, cystic spaces, and neovascularization. Arch Ophthalmol, 127(11), 1449-1457.
[PubMed]

Maguire, M. G., Ying, G. S., McCannel, C. A., Liu, C., Dai, Y. & Complications of Age-Related Macular Degeneration Prevention Trial (CAPT) Research Group (2009). Statin use and the incidence of advanced age-related macular degeneration in the Complications of Age-related Macular Degeneration Prevention Trial. (Vols. 116). (12), pp. 2381-5. Ophthalmology.
[PubMed]

Acton, S. T., Soliz, P., Russell, S. & Pattichis, M. S. (2008). Content based image retrieval: the foundation for future case-based and evidence-based ophthalmology. IEEE International Conference on Multimedia and Expo, 541-544.

Soliz, P., Russell, S. R., Abramoff, M. D., Murillo, S., Pattichis, M. & Davis, H. (2008). Independent component analysis for vision-inspired classification of retinal images with age-related macular degeneration. IEEE Southwest Symposium on Image Analysis and Interpretation, 65-68.

Garvin, M. K., Abramoff, M. D., Kardon, R., Russell, S. R., Xiadong, W. & Sonka, M. (2008). Intraretinal Layer Segmentation of Macular Optical Coherence Tomography Images Using Optimal 3-D Graph Search. IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging, 1495-1505.

Abràmoff, M. D., Niemeijer, M., Suttorp-Schulten, M. S., Viergever, M. A., Russell, S. R. & van Ginneken, B. (2008). Evaluation of a system for automatic detection of diabetic retinopathy from color fundus photographs in a large population of patients with diabetes. Diabetes Care, 31(2), 193-8.
[PubMed]

(2008). Risk factors for choroidal neovascularization and geographic atrophy in the complications of age-related macular degeneration prevention trial. Ophthalmology (Epub 2008 May 27), 115(9), 1474-9, 1479. e1-6.
[PubMed]

Ying, G. S., Maguire, M. G., Liu, C., Antoszyk, A. N. & Complications of Age-Related Macular Degeneration Prevention Trial Research Group (2008). Night vision symptoms and progression of age-related macular degeneration in the Complications of Age-related Macular Degeneration Prevention Trial. Ophthalmology (Epub 2008 Jul 31), 115(11), 1876-82.
[PubMed]

Garvin, M. K., Abramoff, M. D., Kardon, R., Russell, S. R., Wu, X. & Sonka, M. (2008). Intraretinal layer segmentation of macular optical coherence tomography images using optimal 3-D graph search. IEEE Trans Med Imaging, 27(10), 1495-505.
[PubMed]

Maguire, M. G., Alexander, J., Fine, S. L. (2008). Characteristics of choroidal neovascularization in the complications of age-related macular degeneration prevention trial. Ophthalmology (Epub 2008 May 16), 115(9), 1468-73, 1473.e1-2.
[PubMed]

Niemeijer, M., van Ginneken, B., Russell, S. R., Suttorp-Schulten, M. S. & Abràmoff, M. D. (2007). Automated detection and differentiation of drusen, exudates, and cotton-wool spots in digital color fundus photographs for diabetic retinopathy diagnosis. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci, 48(5), 2260-7.
[PubMed]

Davis, B., Russell, S., Abramoff, M., Nemeth, S. C., Barriga, E. S. & Soliz, P. (2007). Identification of spectral phenotypes in age-related macular degeneration patients. Ophthalmic Technologies XVII, 6426, 64261.

Steffensmeier, A. C., Azar, A. E., Fuller, J. J., Muller, B. A. & Russell, S. R. (2007). Vitreous injections of pegaptanib sodium triggering allergic reactions. Am J Ophthalmol, 143(3), 512-3.
[PubMed]

Kaiser, P. K., Goldberg, M. F., Davis, A. A. (2007). Posterior juxtascleral depot administration of anecortave acetate. Surv Ophthalmol, 52(S1), S62-S69.

Russell, S. R., et al (2007). Section 8: Retina/Vitreous. In ProVision, Series 4: Preferred Responses in Ophthalmology. San Francisco, CA: American Academy of Ophthalmology.

Russell, S. R., Hudson, H. L., Jerdan, J. A. (2007). Anecortave acetate for the treatment of exudative age-related macular degeneration — a review of clinical outcomes. Surv Ophthalmol, 52(Suppl 1), S79-90.
[PubMed]

Russell, S. R., Hudson, H. L., Jerdan, J. A. (2007). Anecortave acetate for the treatment of exudative age-related macular degeneration – a review of clinical outcomes. Surv Ophthalmol, 52, S79-S90.

Russell, S. R., Hudson, H. L. & Jerdan, J. A. (2007). Anecortave acetate for the treatment of exudative age-related macular degeneration--a review of clinical outcomes. Surv Ophthalmol, 52 Suppl 1, S79-90.
[PubMed]

Gold, B., Merriam, J. E., Zernant, J., Hancox, L. S., Taliber, A. J., Gehrs, K., Cramer, K., Neel, J., Bergeron, J., Barile, G. R., Smith, R. T. (2006). Variation in factor B (BF) and complement component 2 (C2) genes is associated with age-related macular degeneration. Nature Genetics, 38(4), 458-462.

Gold, B., Merriam, J. E., Zernant, J., Hancox, L. S., Taiber, A. J., Gehrs, K., Cramer, K., Neel, J., Bergeron, J., Barile, G. R., Smith, R. T., Hageman, G. S., Dean, M. & Allikmets, R. (2006). Variation in the factor B (BF) and complement component 2 (C2) genes is associated with age-related macular degeneration. Nat Genet, 38, 458-462.

Allen, R. C., Russell, S. R., Schulter, M. L. & Oetting, T. A. (2006). Retained posterior segment indocyanine green dye after phacoemulsification. J Cataract Refract Surg, 32, 357-360.

Allen, R. C., Russell, S. R., Streb, L. M., Alsheikheh, A. & Stone, E. M. (2006). Phenotypic heterogeneity associated with a anovel mutation (Gly112Glu) in the Norrie disease protein. Eye, 20, 234-241.

Barriga, E. S., Russell, S., Abramoff, M., Brittain, R., Waymire, R., Edwards, A., Engstrom, R., Davis, B. & Soliz, P. (2006). A training system for photodynamic therapy using modeling and simulation. 19th IEEE International Symposium on Computer-Based Medical Systems. CBMS, 206, 646-652.

(2006). Laser treatment in patients with bilateral large drusen: The Complications of Age-Related Macular Degeneration Prevention Trial. Ophthalmology, 113, 1874-1986.

(2006). Laser treatment in patients with bilateral large drusen: the complications of age-related macular degeneration prevention trial. Ophthalmology, 113(11), 1974-86.
[PubMed]

Slakter, J. S., Bochow, T. W., D' Amico, D. J., Marks, B., Jerdan, J., Sullivan, E. K., Robertson, S. M., Slakter, J. S., Sullins, G., Zilliox, P. (2006). Anecortave acetate (15 milligrams) versus photodynamic therapy for treatment of subfoveal neovascularization in age-related macular degeneration. Ophthalmology, 113(1), 3-13.

Yi, C., Pan, X., Russell, S., Agarwal, A. & Sternberg, JR, P. (2006). Diagnostic and Therapeutic Challenges. Retina, 26, 688-692.

Bochow, T. W., Harper III, C. A., Marks, B. B., Trost, E., Sullivan, E. K. (2005). Reflux of study medication affects the clinical outcomes of anecortave acetate for depot suspension in the treatment of patients with exudative age-related macular degeneration (AMD). In Program Summary Book for 2005 annual meeting. pp. 102. Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology.

Yang, S., Barriga, S., Erry, G., Raman, B., Russell, S., Mitra, S. & Soliz, P. (2005). Retinal image deconvolution: revealing hidden structures and pathology. In Program Summary Book for 2005 annual meeting. pp. 15. Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology.

Raman, B., Russell, S., Verdugo-Gazdik, M., Nemeth, S., Wolf, S., Soliz, P. & Butler, E. (2005). The effect of fundus image quality on detecting clinically significant features in fundus imaging. In Program Summary Book for 2005 annual meeting. pp. 12. Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology.

Barriga, E. S., Zamora, G., Russell, S. & Soliz, P. (2005). Detection of spectral variations using independent component analysis of hyperspectral images in patients with age-related macular degeneration. In Program Summary Book for 2005 annual meeting. pp. 67. Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology.

Chapper, J. D., Mullins, R. F., Russell, S. R. & Guymon, C. A. (2005). Characterization of nano-structured polymers for fabricating and ocular microvascular stent. pp. 176. Characterization of nano-structured polymers for fabricating and ocular microvascular stent for 2005 annual meeting.

Hoyng, C. B., Vingerling, J. R., Hooymans, J., Klamerus, K. J., Younis, H., Khalil, D., Scassellati-Sforzolini, B., Russell, S. & Schlingemann, R. O. (2005). AG-013958 (VEGFR inhibitor) achieves effective choroidal concentrations with minimal systemic effects in cynomolgus monkeys and humans with age-related macular disease. In Program Summary Book for 2005 annual meeting. pp. 102. Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology.

Patel, C. B., Stone, E. M., Duffel, P. G. & Russell, S. R. (2005). Clinically detectable drusen substructure in fibulin 5 associated age-related macular degeneration. In Program Summary Book for 2005 annual meeting. pp. 10. Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology.

Kwon, Y. H., Rickman, D. W., Baruah, S., Zimmerman, M. B., Kim, C. S., Boldt, H., Russell, S. R. & Hayreh, S. S. (2005). Vitreous and retinal amino acid concentrations in experimental central retinal artery occlusion in the primate. Eye (Lond), 19(4), 455-63.
[PubMed]

Benche, I., Madden, S., Nemeth, S., Russell, S., Verdugo-Gadzik, M., Wolf, S. & Soliz, P. (2005). Assessment of fill-rate statistics to automatically segment and classify choroidal neovascular lesions in age-related macular degeneration. In Program Summary Book for 2005 annual meeting. pp. 67. Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology.

Hageman, G. S., Anderson, D. H., Johnson, L. V., Hancox, L. S., Taiber, A. J., Hardisty, L. I., Hageman, J. L., Stockman, H. A., Borchardt, J. D., Gehrs, K. M., Smith, R. J., Silvestri, G., Russell, S. R., Klaver, C. C., Barbazetto, I., Chang, S., Yannuzzi, L. A., Barile, G. R., Merriam, J. C., Smith, R. T., Olsh, A. K., Bergeron, J., Zernant, J., Merriam, J. E., Gold, B., Dean, M. & Allikmets, R. (2005). A common haplotype in the complement regulatory gene factor H (HF1/CFH) predisposes individuals to age-related macular degeneration. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 102(20), 7227-32.
[PubMed]

Stone, E. M., Braun, T. A., Russell, S. R., Kuehn, M. H., Lotery, A. J., Moore, P. A., Eastman, C. G., Casavant, T. L. & Sheffield, V. C. (2004). Missense variations in the fibulin 5 gene are associated with a specific phenotype of age related macular degeneration. New Enlg J Med, 351, 346-356.

(2004). The complications of age-related macular degeneration prevention trial (CAPT): rationale, design and methodology. Clinical Trials, 1, 91-107.

Fu, A., Brod, R. D., Russell, S. R., Bowie, E., Park, D. W. & Polk, T. D. (2004). Diagnostic and Therapeutic Challenges. Retina, 24, 790-795.

Franklin, A. J., Setton, T. L., Kuchemann, C. L., Russell, S. R. & Kohn, E. C. (2004). CAI is a potent inhibitor of neovascularization and imparts neuroprotection in a mouse model of ischemic retinopathy. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci, 45, 3756-3766.

Maguire, M. (2004). Baseline characteristics, the 25-Item National Eye Institute Visual Functioning Questionnaire, and their associations in the Complications of Age-Related Macular Degeneration Prevention Trial (CAPT). Ophthalmology, 111(7), 1307-16.
[PubMed]

Russell, S. R., Gupta, R. R., Folk, J. C., Mullins, R. F. & Hageman, G. S. (2004). Comparison of color to fluorescein angiographic images from patients with early-adult onset grouped drusen suggests drusen substructure. Am J Ophthalmol, 137(5), 924-30.
[PubMed]

Kitchens, J. W., Lotery, A., Russell, S. R., Clark, A. F. & Stone, E. M. (2003). Anecortave acetate monotherapy for the treatment of occult and minimally classic choroidal neovascularization in age-related macular degeneration. (Vols. 2). pp. 5093. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 2003 meeting program.

D'Amico, D. J., Goldberg, M. F., Hudson, H., Jerdan, J. A., Krueger, D. S., Luna, S. P., Robertson, S. M., Russell, S., Singerman, L., Slakter, J. S., Yannuzzi, L., Zilliox, P. & The Anecortave Acetate Clinical Study Group (2003). Anecortave acetate as monotherapy for treatment of subfoveal neovascularization in age-related macular degeneration: twelve-month clinical outcomes. Ophthalmology, 110, 2372-2385.

(2003). Laser treatment in fellow eyes with large drusen: updated findings from a pilot randomized clinical trial. Ophthalmology, 110, 971-978.

Prenner, J. L., Rosenblatt, B. J., Tolentino, M. J., Ying, G. S., Javornik, N. B., Maguire, M. G., Ho, A. C. (2003). Risk factors for choroidal neovascularization and vision loss in the fellow eye study of CNVPT. Retina, 23, 307-314.

Lotery, A. J., Yang, G. S., Mullins, R. F., Russell, S. R., Schmidt, M., Stone, E. M., Lindbloom, J. D., Chiorini, J. A., Kotin, R. M. & Davidson, B. L. (2003). Adeno-associated virus type 5: transduction efficiency and cell-type specificity in the primate retina. Hum Gene Ther, 14, 1663-1671.

D'Amico, D. J., Goldberg, M. F., Hudson, H., Jerdan, J. A., Krueger, D. S., Luna, S. P., Robertson, S. M., Russell, S., Singerman, L., Slakter, J. S., Yannuzzi, L., Zilliox, P. (2003). Anecortave acetate as monotherapy for treatment of subfoveal neovascularization in age-related macular degeneration: twelve-month clinical outcomes. Ophthalmology, 110, 2372-2385.

Honkanen, R. A., Baruah, S., Zimmerman, M. B., Khanna, C. L., Weaver, Y. K., Narkiewicz, J., Waziri, R., Gehrs, K. M., Weingeist, T. A., Boldt, H., Folk, J. C., Russell, S. R. & Kwon, Y. H. (2003). Vitreous amino acid concentrations in patients with glaucoma undergoing vitrectomy. Arch Ophthalmol, 121(2), 183-8.
[PubMed]

(2003). Anecortave acetate as monotherapy for the treatment of subfoveal lesions in patients with exudative age-related macular degeneration (AMD): Interim (month 6) analysis of clinical safety and efficacy. Retina, 23, 14-23.

(2003). Anecortave acetate as monotherapy for the treatment of subfoveal lesions in patients with exudative age-related macular degeneration (AMD): Interim (month 6) analysis of clinical safety and efficacy. Retina, 23, 14-23.

Hess, C. L., Russell, S. R. (2002). Optics of Contact Lens (case 2).

Lotery, A. J., Derksen, T. A., Russell, S. R., Mullins, R. F., Sauter, S., Affatigato, L. M., Stone, E. M. & Davidson, B. L. (2002). Gene transfer to the nonhuman primate retina with recombinant feline immunodeficiency virus vectors. Hum Gene Ther, 13, 689-696.

(2002). Beneficial effects of intensive therapy of diabetes during adolescence: outcomes after the conclusion of the Diabetes Control and Complications Trial. J Pediatr, 139, 804-812.

Singerman, L. J., Yannuzzi, L. A., Russell, S., Hudson, H. L., Jerdan, J. (2001). Sub-tenon’s retrobulbar anecortave acetate with and without Visudyne photodynamic therapy (PDT) in patients with subfoveal choroidal neovascularization (CNV) in age-related macular degeneration (AMD). (Vols. 42). (4), pp. S231. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci.

Kwon, Y. H., Rickman, D. W., Baruah, S., Waziri, R., Kim, C. S., Zimmerman, M. B., Russell, S. R. & Hayreh, S. S. (2001). Vitreous amino acid levels in experimental central retinal artery occlusion in primates. (Vols. 42). (4), pp. S745. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci.

Russell, S. R. (2001). Low vision evaluation.

Honkanen, R. A., Weaver, Y. K., Baruah, S., ZImmerman, M. B., Gehrs, K. M., Boldt, H. C., Weingeist, T. A., Russell, S. R., Folk, J. C. & Kwon, Y. H. (2001). Vitreous amino acid levels in patients with glaucoma undergoing vitrectomy. (Vols. 42). (4), pp. S314. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci.

Russell, S. R. (2001). Optics and Lens (case 1).

Russell, S. R., Lotery, A. J., Derksen, T. A., Davidson, B. L. & Stone, E. M. (2001). A manual, remotely actuated injector for subretinal gene therapy in non-human primates. (Vols. 42). (4), pp. S126. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci.

Oh, K. T., Christmas, N. J. & Russell, S. R. (2001). Late recurrence and choroidal neovascular¬ization in multiple evanescent white dot syndrome. Retina, 21, 182-184.

Russell, S. R., Hageman, G. S. (2001). Optic disc, foveal, and extrafoveal damage due to surgical separation of the vitreous. Arch Ophthalmol, 119(11), 1653-8.
[PubMed]

Allen, R. C., Kherani, A., Russell, S. R., Kwon, Y. H. & Oetting, T. A. (2001). Cryptophacolytic glaucoma in two patients with ectopia lentis et pupillae. (Vols. 9). pp. 81-82. MEJO.

Russell, S. R. (2001). Incontinentia pigmenti (Bloch-Sulzberger Syndrome). In Color Atlas of the Eye in Systemic Disease. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Lotery, A. J., Derksen, T. A., Mullins, R. F., Kopp, K. K., Rosenow, J. R., Stone, E. M., Davidson, B. L., Sauter, S. & Russell, S. R. (2001). Evaluation of lentiviral vectors as possible agents for gene therapy to the neurosensory retina in a non-human primate model. (Vols. 42). (4), pp. S345. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci.

Allen, R. C., Russell, S. R., Andorf, J. L. & Stone, E. M. (2000). Phenotypic heterogeneity associated with a novel mutation (Gly112Glu) in the Norrie disease protein (NDP). Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci, 41(4), S30.

(2000). Retinopathy and nephropathy in patients with type 1 diabetes four years after a trial of intensive therapy. N Engl J Med, 342, 381-389.

Russell, S. R., Gehrs, K. M. & Hess, C. L. (2000). Estimate and measure of the region of view and myopia resulting from vitreous gas. Retina, 20(3), 282-8.
[PubMed]

Russell, S. R., Gupta, R. R., Folk, J. C., Mullins, R. F. & Hageman, G. S. (2000). Comparison of color drusen images to fluorescein angiographic hyperfluorescent lesions in early adult onset (basal laminar) drusen. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci, 41(4), S169.

Russell, S. R., Weingeist, T. A. (2000). Diagnostic and therapeutic challenges [case report]. Retina, 20, 295-296.

Mullins, R. F., Russell, S. R., Anderson, D. H. & Hageman, G. S. (2000). Drusen associated with aging and age-related macular degeneration contain proteins common to extracellular deposits associated with atherosclerosis, elastosis, amyloidosis, and dense deposit disease. FASEB J, 14(7), 835-46.
[PubMed]

Russell, S. R., Mullins, R. F., Schneider, B. L. & Hageman, G. S. (2000). Location, substructure, and composition of basal laminar drusen compared with drusen associated with aging and age-related macular degeneration. Am J Ophthalmol, 129(2), 205-14.
[PubMed]

Russell, S. R. (1999). Full thickness macular hole.

Folk, J. C., Russell, S. R. (1999). Can laser photocoagulation of eyes with high-risk drusen prevent vision loss from age-related macular degeneration? [Guest Editorial]. Ophthalmology, 106, 1241-1242.

Franklin, A. J., Masiero, L., Russell, S. R., Kuchemann, C. L. & Kohn, E. C. (1999). Carboxyamido-triazole is a potent inhibitor of retinal neovascularization. (Vols. 40). (4), pp. S705. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci.

Hageman, G. S., Mullins, R. F., Russell, S. R., Johnson, L. V. & Anderson, D. H. (1999). Vitronectin is a constituent of ocular drusen and the vitronectin gene is expressed in human retinal pigmented epithelial cells. FASEB J, 13(3), 477-84.
[PubMed]

Russell, S. R. (1998). von Hippel-Lindau disease.

Polk, T. D., Russell, S. R., Gehrs, K. M. & Folk, J. C. (1997). Letter to the Editor Sustained-release ganciclovir implants represent an effective treatment option for many patients with cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis. Retina, 17, 463-464.

Russell, S. R., Hageman, G. S. (1997). Insoluble interphotoreceptor matrix in human vitreous following rhegmatogenous retinal detachment. Am J Ophthalmol, 123, 386-391.

Franklin, A. J., Kuehn, M. H., Warner, R. B., Thompsen, J., Russell, S. R., Rickman, C. B. & Hageman, G. S. (1997). Evaluation of differentially-expressed RPE gene transcripts as candidates for age-related macular degeneration. (Vols. 38). (4), pp. S352. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci.

Mullins, R. F., Schneider, B. L., Russell, S. R. & Hageman, G. S. (1997). Drusen possess unique glycoconjugate cores. (Vols. 38). (4), pp. S354. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci.

Franklin, A., Dunphy, C. H. & Russell, S. (1997). Caring for an elderly woman with a hypopyon. Argus, 2(8), 24-25.

Russell, S. R., Polk, T. D., Kolder, H. E., Gehrs, K. M., Boldt, H. C. & Folk, J. C. (1997). Estimation and measurement of the region of view and induced myopia which results from viewing through intravitreous gas. (Vols. 38). (4), pp. S669. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci.

Russell, S. R., Kincaid, M. C. & Hageman, G. S. (1996). Pathological consequences of mechanically-induced posterior vitreous detachment. (Vols. 37). (3), pp. S497. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci.

Niesman, M. R., Russell, S. R., Ivester, F. & Lopez, N. (1996). Early monocyte depletion fails to prevent PVR in a rabbit model of the disease. (Vols. 37). (3), pp. S393. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci.

Albers, J. W., Brown, M. B., Sima, A. A. & Greene, D. A. (1996). Frequency of median mononeuropathy in patients with mild diabetic neuropathy in the early diabetes intervention trial (EDIT). Muscle Nerve, 19(2), 140-6.
[PubMed]

Albers, J. W., Brown, M. B., Sima, A. A. & Greene, D. A. (1996). Nerve conduction measures in mild diabetic neuropathy in the Early Diabetes Intervention Trial: the effects of age, sex, type of diabetes, disease duration, and anthropometric factors. Neurology, 46(1), 85-91.
[PubMed]

Som, A., Gehrs, K. G., Russell, S. R. & Bassi, C. J. (1995). Short-wavelength automated perimetry in early age-related macular degeneration. (Vols. 36). (4), pp. S233. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci.

Niesman, M. R., Russell, S. R. & Hageman, G. S. (1995). Secretion of cytokines and growth factors by cultured human hyalocites and epiretinal membrane explants. (Vols. 36). (4), pp. S204. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci.

Hageman, G. S., Russell, S. R. (1994). Chondroitinase-mediated disinsertion of the primate vitreous body. (Vols. 35). (4), pp. S1260. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci.

Russell, S. R., Bassi, C. J., Painter, J. A., Eberhardt, C. M., Taboada, J. & Peters, D. R. (1994). Amplitude and variability of the laser pattern electroretinographic response from different retinal areas. (Vols. 35). (4), pp. S1439. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci.

Russell, S. R., Crapotta, J. A. & Zerbolio Jr, D. J. (1993). Letter to the Editor: Surgical removal of subfoveal neovascularization. Ophthalmology, 100, 795-797.

Russell, S. R., Crapotta, J. A. & Serbolio Jr, D. J. (1993). Letter to the Editor: Surgical removal of subfoveal neovascularization. Ophthalmology, 100, 795-797.

Russell, S. R., Crapotta, J. A. (1993). Macular epiretinal membranes.

Sima, A. A., Greene, D. A., Brown, M. B., Hohman, T. C., Hicks, D., Graepel, G. J., Bochenek, W. J., Beg, M. & Gonen, B. (1993). Effect of hyperglycemia and the aldose reductase inhibitor tolrestat on sural nerve biochemistry and morphometry in advanced diabetic peripheral polyneuropathy. The Tolrestat Study Group. J Diabetes Complications, 7(3), 157-69.
[PubMed]

Crapotta, J. A., Bassi, C. J. & Russell, S. R. (1993). Electroretinographic alterations following penetrating wound may result from decreased eyewall resistance. (Vols. 4). (4), pp. S1118. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci.

Santiago, J. V., Snksen, P. H., Boulton, A. J., Macleod, A., Beg, M., Bochenek, W., Graepel, G. J. & Gonen, B. (1993). Withdrawal of the aldose reductase inhibitor tolrestat in patients with diabetic neuropathy: effect on nerve function. The Tolrestat Study Group. J Diabetes Complications, 7(3), 170-8.
[PubMed]

Albert, S. G., Gomez, C. R., Russell, S. R., Chaitman, B. R., Bernbaum, M. & Kong, B. A. (1993). Cerebral and ophthalmic artery hemodynamic responses in diabetes mellitus. Diabetes Care, 16, 476-482.

Russell, S. R., Hageman, G. S. (1992). Role of insoluble interphotoreceptor matrix in eliciting vitreous cellular proliferations in the human. (Vols. 55). pp. S237. Experimental Eye Research.

Lazerus, H. S., Russell, S. R., Zahn, S. & Hageman, G. S. (1992). Histochemical evidence for vitreous hyalocytes as components of pathologic vitreous membranes. (Vols. 33). (4), pp. S858. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci.

Russell, S. R., Hageman, G. S. (1992). Hemorrhagic detachment of the internal limiting membrane following penetrating ocular injury. Retina, 12, 346-350.

Russell, S. R., Hageman, G. S. (1992). Chondroitin sulfate-induced generation of epiretinal membranes. Arch Ophthalmol, 110, 1000-1006.

Hageman, G. S., Russell, S. R. (1992). Enzymatic disinsertion of the primate vitreous body. (Vols. 55). pp. S216. Experimental Eye Research.

Russell, S. R., Hageman, G. S. (1991). Insoluble interphotoreceptor matrix is present in human vitreous following rhegmatogenous retinal detachment. (Vols. 32). (4), pp. S878. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci.

Russell, S. R., Hermsen, V. M. (1991). Idiopathic juxtafoveal retinal telangiectasis. In Laser Surgery in Ophthalmology: Practical Applications. New York: Appleton & Lange.

Russell, S. R., Hermsen, V. M. (1991). Primary retinal telangiectasis (Coats’ syndrome). In Laser Surgery in Ophthalmology: Practical Applications. New York: Appleton & Lange.

Russell, S. R., Hermsen, V. M. (1991). Angiomatosis retinae. In Laser Surgery in Ophthalmology: Practical Applications. New York: Appleton & Lange.

Russell, S. R., Hermsen, V. M. (1991). Acquired retinal macroaneurysms. In Laser Surgery in Ophthalmology: Practical Applications. New York: Appleton & Lange.

Russell, S. R., Shepherd, J. D. & Hageman, G. S. (1991). Distribution of glycoconjugates in the human retinal internal limiting membrane. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci, 32, 1986-1995.

Russell, S. R., Hermsen, V. M. (1991). Choroidal Hemangioma. In Laser Surgery in Ophthalmology: Practical Applications. New York: Appleton & Lange.

Russell, S. R. (1990). Letter to the Editor: Retinal Macroaneurysms treated with yellow dye laser. Retina, 10, 229.

Russell, S. R., Hageman, G. S. (1990). Intravitreal injection of insoluble interphotoreceptor matrix constituents induces epiretinal membrane formation in monkeys. (Vols. 31). (4), pp. S197. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci.

Bennett, S. R., Folk, J. C., Kimura, A. E., Russell, S. R., Stone, E. M. & Raphtis, B. (1990). Autosomal dominant neovascular inflammatory vitreoretinopathy. Ophthalmology, 97, 1125-1136.

Blodi, C. F., Russell, S. R., Pulido, J. S. & Folk, J. C. (1990). Direct and feeder vessel photocoagulation of retinal angiomas with dye yellow laser. Ophthalmology, 97, 791-797.

Russell, S. R., Blodi, C. F. & Folk, J. C. (1989). Vitrectomy for complicated retinal detachments secondary to branch retinal vein occlusions. Am J Ophthalmol, 108, 6-9.

Russell, S. R., Hageman, G. S. (1989). Lectin-based characterization of glycoconjugates in chondroitin sulfate induced epiretinal and intravitreal membranes. (Vols. 30). (3), pp. S394. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci.

Russell, S. R. (1989). Book Review: Ophthalmic Lasers. Am J Ophthalmol, 108(3), 472.

Folk, J. C., Russell, S. R. (1988). Appropriate wavelengths for posterior segment laser photocoagulation. American Academy of Ophthalmology, VI(Module 7).

Russell, S. R., Olsen, K. R. & Folk, J. C. (1988). Predictors of scleral rupture and the role of vitrectomy in severe blunt ocular trauma. Am J Ophthalmol, 105(3), 253-7.
[PubMed]

Richards, D. W., Russell, S. R. & Anderson, D. R. (1988). A method for improved biometry of the anterior chamber with a Scheimpflug technique. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci, 29(12), 1826-35.
[PubMed]

Russell, S. R., Blodi, C. F. & Coonan, P. (1987). Letter to the Editor: Vitreous amyloidosis. Ophthalmology, 94, 1672.

Russell, S. R., Folk, J. C. (1987). Branch retinal artery occlusion following dye yellow photocoagulation of an arterial macroaneurysm. Am J Ophthalmol, 104, 186-187.

Tanenbaum, M., Russell, S. R., Richmond, P. & Gass, J. (1987). Calcified cytoid bodies in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Retina, 7, 84-88.

Blumenkranz, M. S., Russell, S. R., Robey, M. G., Kott-Blumenkranz, R. & Penneys, N. (1986). Risk factors in age-related maculopathy complicated by choroidal neovascularization. Ophthalmology, 93(5), 552-8.
[PubMed]

Blumenkranz, M. S., Russell, S. R., Robey, M., Kott-Blumenkranz, R. & Goldberg, R. (1985). Risk factors in age related maculopathy. (Vols. 92). (8), pp. 82. Ophthalmology.

Russell, S. R., Anderson, D. R., Fantes, F. E. & Buus, D. (1985). Numerical calculation of anterior segment dimensions using the scheimpflug camera. (Vols. 26). (3), pp. S108. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci.

Klyce, S. D., Russell, S. R. (1982). Water and electrolyte transport in epithelia: Modeling nonlinear systems. (Vols. 41). (4), pp. 1266. Fed Proc.

Klyce, S. D., Russell, S. R. (1980). The viscous flow theory: An adjunct to the standing gradient hypothesis. (Vols. 39). (3), pp. 378. Fed Proc.

Klyce, S. D., Russell, S. R. (1979). Cytoplasmic standing gradients could link epithelial Jv to solute transport. Biophys, 25, 95a.

Klyce, S. D., Russell, S. R. (1979). Numerical solution of coupled transport equations applied to corneal hydration dynamics. J Physiol, 292, 107-134.

Klyce, S. D., Russell, S. R. (1978). System for monitoring the thickness of transparent layered structures. Rev Scient Instrum, 49, 1318-1321.

Russell, S. R. (1977). Automatic measurement of corneal thickness in vitro. In Abstracts of 2nd Annual Undergraduate Research Conference. University of Santa Clara.