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IRENE Publications

Selected Research Faculty PubMed Publications
(Use the PMID number in PubMed to retrieve the abstract.)



  1. Carnahan RM, Daly JM, Minion S, Gryzlak B, Weckmann MT, Levy BT, Bay CP. A needs assessment of family physicians to inform development of educational resources on antipsychotic use in dementia. Journal of Primary Care & Community Health. 2019, 1-10. doi:10.1177/2150132719840113.
  2. Berry-Stoelzle M, Kim P, Daly JM. Rural primary care offices and cancer survivorship care: Part of the care trajectory for cancer survivors. Health Services Research & Managerial  Epidemiology. 2019;6:1-7.
  3. Al-naqeeb, J., Danner, S., Fagnan, L.J., Ramsey, K., Michaels, L., Mitchell, J., Branca, K., Morris, C., Nease, D., Zittleman, L., Levy, B., Daly, J., Hahn, D., Dolor, R., Williams, H., Chalmers, J. R., Hanifin, J., Tofte, S., Zuckerman, K. E., Hansis, K., Gundersen, M., Block, J., Karr, F., Dunbrasky, S., Siebe, K., Dillon, K., Cibotti, R., Lapidus, J., & Simpson, E. The burdon of childhood atopic dermatitis in the primary care setting: A report from the Meta-LARC Consortium. Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine. 2019;32:191-200.


  1. Fernald, D. H., Simpson, M. J., Nease, D. E., Hahn, D. L., Hoffman, A. E., Michaels, L. C., Fagnan, L. J., Daly, J. M., & Levy, B. T. (2018). What we learned about implementing community-created SMS tools in primary care practices: A report on a mixed-methods analysis from the INSTTEPP study. Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews, 5(4), 267-275.  https://digitalrepository.aurorahealthcare.org/jpcrr/vol5/iss4/3/
  2. Simpson, M. J., Daly, J. M., Fernald, D. H., Westfall, J. M., Michaels, L. C., Levy, B. T., Hahn, D. L., Fagnan, L. J., Nease, D. E. (2018). Translating self-management support tools into practice. Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews, 5(4), 276-286. https://digitalrepository.aurorahealthcare.org/jpcrr/vol5/iss4/4/
  3. Daly, J. M., Harrod, T. W., Judge, K., Michaels, L. C., Levy, B. T., Hahn, D. L., Fagnan, L. J., & Nease, D. E. (2018). Practice-based research networks ceding to a single institutional review board. Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews, 5(4), 304-310. https://digitalrepository.aurorahealthcare.org/jpcrr/vol5/iss4/7/
  4. Nease, D. E., Daly, J. M., Dickinson, L. M., Fernald, D. H., Hahn, D. L., Levy, B. T., Michaels, L. C., Simpson, M. J., Westfall, J. M., & Fagnan, L. J. (2018). Impact of a boot camp translation intervention on self-management support in primary care. Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews, 5(4), 256-266. https://digitalrepository.aurorahealthcare.org/jpcrr/vol5/iss4/2/
  5. Fagnan, L. J., Simpson, M. J., Daly, J. M., Michaels, L. C., Hahn, D. L., Levy, B. T., Fernald, D. H., Westfall, J. M., & Nease, D. E. (2018). PBRN research methodology: Disseminating boot camp translation among Meta-LARC networks. Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews, 5(4), 298-303. https://digitalrepository.aurorahealthcare.org/jpcrr/vol5/iss4/6/
  6. Daly JM, Levy BT, Calderon R, Hoffman-Zinnel D, Mohr T, Wynohrad L, Powers B. (2018). Strategies used and lessons learned by community assistants in organizing regional forums for cancer education in Iowa, USA. European Journal of Cancer Care. 27:e12868. Doi: 10.1111/ecc.12868.
  7. Daly JM, Levy BT, Calderon R, Hoffman-Zinnel D, Mohr T, Wynohrad L, Powers B. Strategies used and lessons learned by community assistants in organizing regional forums for cancer education in Iowa, USA. European Journal of Cancer Care. 2018;27:e12868. doi: 10.1111/ecc.12868
  8. Carter BL, Levy BT, Gryzlak B, Xu Y, Chrischilles E, Dawson JD, Vander Weg MW, Christensen AJ, James PA, Polgreen L. Cluster-andomized trial to evaluate a centralized clinical pharmacy service in private family medicine offices. Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality Outcomes. 2018;11(6):e004188. doi: 10. 1161/CIRCOUTCOMES.117.004188.
  9. Yang R, Carter BL, Gums TH, Gryzlak BM, Xu Y, Levy BT. Selection bias and subject refusal in a cluster-randomized controlled trial. BMC Medical Research Methodology. 2017 Jul 10;17(1):94. doi:10.1186/s12874-017-0368-7. PMID: 28693427; PMCID: PMC5504663.


  1. Ely, J. W., Levy. B. T., Daly, J., & Xu, Y. (2016). Patient beliefs about colon cancer screening. Journal of Cancer Education, 31(1), 39-46.


  1. Daly JM, Bay CP, Levy BT, Carnahan RM. Caring for people with dementia and challenging behaviors in nursing homes: A needs assessment geriatric nursing. Geriatric Nursing, 2015;36(3):182-91.
  2. Levy BT, Wolff CK, Niles P, Morehead H, Xu Y, Daly JM. Radon testing: Community engagement by a rural family medicine office. J Am Board Fam Med. 2015;28(5):617-23. Link to Article
  3. Daly JM, Levy BT, Moss CA, Bay CP. System strategies for colorectal cancer screening at federally qualified health centers. Am J Public Health. 2015;105(1):212–9.
  4. Daly JM, Levy BT, Xu Y. Free fecal immunochemical test disbursement in eight family physician offices. J Community Health. 2015 May 16. [Epub ahead of print]
  5. Daly JM, Xu Y, Levy BT. iPad use in Iowa Research Network family physician offices. J Prim Care Community Health. 2015;6(2):137–41.
  6. Ely JW, Levy BT, Daly J, Xu Y. Patient beliefs about colon cancer screening. J Cancer Educ. 2015 Jan 27. [Epub ahead of print]
  7. Carter BL, Levy BT, Gryzlak B, Chrischilles, EA, Vander Weg MW, Christensen AJ, James PA, Moss CA, Parker CP, Gums T, Finkelstein RJ, Xu Y, Dawson JD, Polgreen LA. A centralized cardiovascular risk service to improve guideline adherence in private primary care offices. Contemp Clin Trials 2015;43:25-32.
  8. Campbell-Voytal K, Daly JM, Nagykaldi ZJ, Aspy CB, Dolor RJ, Fagnan LJ, Levy BT, Palac HL, Michaels L, Patterson VB, Kano M, Smith PD, Sussman AL, Williams R, Sterling P, O'Beirne M, Neale AV. Team science approach to developing consensus on research good practices for practice-based research networks: A case study. Clinical and Translational Science, 2015;8:632–637.
  9. Dolor RJ, Campbell-Voytal, K, Daly J, Nagykaldi ZJ, O’Beirne M, Sterling P, Fagnan LJ, Levy B, Michaels L, Louks HA, Smith P, Aspy CB, Patterson VB, Kano M, Sussman AL, Williams R, Neale AV. Practice-Based Research Network Research Good Practices (PRGPs): Summary of recommendations. Clinical and Translational Science. 2015;8:638–646.


  1. Daly JM, Xu Y, Levy BT. Colon polyp model use for educating about colorectal cancer screening in the Iowa Research Network. J Cancer Educ. 2014;29(2):401–6.
  2. Gaglioti A, Cozad A, Wittrock S, Stewart K, Lampman M, Ono S, et al. Non-VA primary care providers' perspectives on comanagement for rural veterans. Mil Med. 2014;179(11):1236–43.


  1. Daly JM, Xu Y, Levy BT. Patients whose physicians recommend colonoscopy and those who follow through. J Prim Care Community Health. 2013 Apr 1;4(2):83–94. doi: 10.1177/2150131912464887. PMID:23799714.
  2. Daly JM, Bay C, Levy BT. Use of fecal immunochemical tests in the Iowa Research Network. J Cancer Educ. 2013 Sep;28(3):397–401. doi: 10.1007/s13187-012-0439-8. PMC3755054. PMID: 23686686.
  3. Levy BT, Xu Y, Daly JM, Ely JW. A randomized controlled trial to improve colon cancer screening in rural family medicine: an Iowa Research Network (IRENE) study. J Am Board Fam Med. 2013 Sep-Oct;26(5):486–497. doi: 10.3122/jabfm.2013.05.130041. PMID: 24004700.
  4. Charlton ME, Mengeling MA, Halfdanarson TR, Makki NM, Malhotra A, Klutts JS, Levy BT, Kaboli PJ. Evaluation of a home-based colorectal cancer screening intervention in a rural state. J Rural Health. 2013 Oct 25. doi: 10.1111/jrh.12052. PMID: 24164375. 


  1. Levy BT, Daly JM, Schmidt EJ, Xu Y. The Need for Office Systems to Improve Colorectal Cancer Screening. J Prim Care Com Health.Prepublished January 4, 2012;DOI: 10.1177/2150131911423103.
  2. Daly JM, Levy BT, Xu Y. Quality of Colonoscopy Services for Physicians in the Iowa Research Network. Fam Med. 2012;44(3):164-170.
  3. Daly JM, Xu Y, Ely JW, Levy BT. A Randomized Colorectal Cancer Screening Intervention Trial in the Iowa Research Network (IRENE): Study Recruitment Methods and Baseline Results. J Am Board Fam Med.2012;25(1):63-72.
  4. Daly JM, Xu Y, Levy BT, Bedell DA, Marquardt MD, Vonderhaar KM, James PA. Implementation of a Diabetes Management Program for Patients in a Rural Primary Care Office. J Prim Care Com Health.2012;3(2):88-98.
  5. Carter BL, Bosworth HB, Green BB. The hypertension team: The role of the pharmacist, nurse, and teamwork in hypertension therapy. J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich). 2012 Jan;14(1):51–65. doi: 10.1111/j.1751-7176.2011.00542.x. PMC3257828. PMID: 22235824. 
  6. Ely JW, Kaldjian LC, D'Alessandro DM. Diagnostic errors in primary care: lessons learned. J Am Board Fam Med. 2012 Jan-Feb;25(1):87–97. doi: 10.3122/jabfm.2012.01.110174. PMID: 22218629.
  7. Levy BT, Daly JM, Xu Y, Ely JW. Mailed fecal immunochemical tests plus educational materials to improve colon cancer screening rates in Iowa Research Network (IRENE) practices. J Am Board Fam Med. 2012 Jan-Feb;25(1):73–82. doi: 10.3122/jabfm.2012.01.110055. PMID: 22218627.
  8. Daly JM, Xu Y, Ely JW, Levy BT. A randomized colorectal cancer screening intervention trial in the Iowa Research Network: Study recruitment methods and baseline results. J Am Board Fam Med. 2012 Jan-Feb;25(1):63–72. doi: 10.3122/jabfm.2012.01.110054. PMID: 22218626.
  9. Daly JM(1), Levy BT, Xu Y. Quality of colonoscopy services for physicians in the Iowa research network. Fam Med. 2012 Mar;44(3):164–70. PMID: 22399478.
  10. Daly JM, Xu Y, Levy BT, Bedell DA, Marquardt MD, Vonderhaar KM, James PA. Implementation of a diabetes management program for patients in a rural primary care office. J Prim Care Community Health.2012 Apr 1;3(2):88–98. doi: 10.1177/2150131911421347. PMID: 23803451.
  11. Daly JM, Xu Y, Levy BT. Patient and physician management of self-monitoring of blood glucose: An Iowa research network study. J Diabetes Sci Technol. 2012 May 1;6(3):718–720. PMC3440063. PMID: 22768906. 
  12. Levy BT, Daly JM, Schmidt EJ, Xu Y. The need for office systems to improve colorectal cancer screening. J Prim Care Community Health.2012 Jul 1;3(3):180–186. doi: 10.1177/2150131911423103. PMID: 23803779. 
  13. Kulchaitanaroaj P, Brooks JM, Ardery G, Newman D, Carter BL. Incremental costs associated with physician and pharmacist collaboration to improve blood pressure control. Pharmacotherapy. 2012 Aug;32(8):772–780. doi: 10.1002/j.1875-9114.2012.01103.x.PMC3545410. PMID: 23307525.
  14. Daly J. Fecal immunochemical tests for colorectal cancer screening. Am J Nurs. 2012 Oct;112(10):67–69. PMID: 23013704.  


  1. Daly JM, Ely JW, Levy BT, Smith TC, Merchant ML, Bergus GR, Jogerst GJ. Primary Care Clinicians' Perspectives on Management of Skin and Soft Tissue Infections: An Iowa Research Network Study. J Rural Health.2011;27(3):319-328.
  2. Daly JM, Jones J, Gereau P, Levy BT. Non-Response Error in Mail Surveys: Top Ten Problems. Nurs Res Prac. 2011.
  3. Daly JM, Levy BT, Ely JW, Swanson K, Bergus GR, Jogerst GJ, Smith TC. Management of Skin and Soft Tissue Infections in Community Practice before and After Implementing a "Best Practice" Approach: An Iowa Research Network (IRENE) Intervention Study. J Am Board Fam Med.2011;24(5):524-533.


  1. Daly JM, Levy BT, Joshi M, Xu Y, Jogerst GJ. Patient Clock Drawing and Accuracy of Self-Report Compared with Chart Review for Colorectal Cancer (CRC) Screening. Arch Gerontol Geriatr. 2010;50(3):341-344.
  2. Daly JM, Levy BT, Merchant ML, Wilbur J. Mailed Fecal-Immunochemical Test for Colon Cancer Screening. J Comm Health.2010;35(3):235-239.
  3. Levy BT, Daly JM, Luxon B, Merchant ML, Xu Y, Levitz C, Wilbur J. The "Iowa Get Screened" Colon Cancer Screening Program. J Prim Care Com Health. 2010;1(1):43-49.
  4. Witry MJ, Doucette WR, Daly JM, Levy BT, Chrischilles EA. Family Physician Perceptions of Personal Health Records. Perspect Health Info Manag. 2010;7:1d.


  1. Daly JM, Hartz AJ, Xu Y, Levy BT, James PA, Merchant ML, Garrett RE. An Assessment of Attitudes, Behaviors, and Outcomes of Patients with Type 2 Diabetes. J Am Board Fam Med. 2009;22(3):280-290.
  2. Daly JM, Levy BT, Merchant ML. Colorectal Cancer Screening Guidelines and Consumers' Concerns with Specimen Collection. Am J Nurs.2009;109(10):60-62.
  3. Levy BT, Hartz AJ, Woodworth G, Xu Y, Sinift SD. Interventions to Improving Osteoporosis Screening: An Iowa Research Network (IRENE) Study. J Am Board Fam Med. 2009;22(4):360-367.


  1. Anderson M, Hartz AJ, Nordin TA, Rosenbaum ME, Noyes R,Jr, James PA, Ely JW, Agarwal N, Anderson S. Community Physicians' Strategies for Patients with Medically Unexplained Symptoms. Fam Med.2008;40(2):111-118.
  2. Bergus GR, Weber CA, Ernst ME, Ernst EJ. Do Antibiotics Affect the Quality of Life of Patients with Upper Respiratory Tract Illnesses? it might Depend on One's Luck. Int J Clin Pract. 2008;62(6):855-859.
  3. Carter BL, Bergus GR, Dawson JD, Farris KB, Doucette WR, Chrischilles EA, Hartz AJ. A Cluster Randomized Trial to Evaluate physician/pharmacist Collaboration to Improve Blood Pressure Control.J Clin Hypertens. 2008;10(4):260-271.
  4. Carter BL, Farris KB, Abramowitz PW, Weetman DB, Kaboli PJ, Dawson JD, James PA, Christensen AJ, Brooks JM. The Iowa Continuity of Care Study: Background and Methods. Am J Health Syst Pharm.2008;65(17):1631-1642.
  5. Ernst ME, Weber CA, Dawson JD, O'Connor MA, Lin W, Carter BL, Bergus GR. How Well does a Shortened Time Interval Characterize Results of a Full Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring Session? J Clin Hypertens. 2008;10(6):431-435.
  6. Fravel MA, Ernst ME, Weber CA, Dawson JD, Carter BL, Bergus GR. Influence of Patient Characteristics on Success of Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring. Pharmacotherapy. 2008;28(11):1341-1347.
  7. Levy BT, Joshi M, Xu Y, Daly JM, James PA. Perceptions of Iowa Family Physicians regarding Colorectal Cancer Screening. Med Care. 2008;46(9 Suppl 1):S103-8.
  8. Milchak JL, Carter BL, Ardery G, Dawson JD, Harmston M, Franciscus CL, Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation,and Treatment of High Blood Pressure. Physician Adherence to Blood Pressure Guidelines and its Effect on Seniors Pharmacotherapy.2008;28(7):843-851.
  9. Von Muenster SJ, Carter BL, Weber CA, Ernst ME, Milchak JL, Steffensmeier JJ, Xu Y. Description of Pharmacist Interventions during Physician-Pharmacist Co-Management of Hypertension. Pharm World Sci. 2008;30(1):128-135.
  10. Weber CA, Leloux MR, Carter BL, Farris KB, Xu Y. Reduction in Adverse Symptoms as Blood Pressure Becomes Controlled. Pharmacotherapy.2008;28(9):1104-1114.


  1. Ardery G, Carter BL, Milchak JL, Bergus GR, Dawson JD, James PA, Franciscus CL, Kim Y. Explicit and Implicit Evaluation of Physician Adherence to Hypertension Guidelines. J Clin Hypertens. 2007;9(2):113-119.
  2. Ely JW, Osheroff JA, Maviglia SM, Rosenbaum ME. Patient-Care Questions that Physicians are Unable to Answer. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2007;14(4):407-414.
  3. Levy BT, Nordin TA, Sinift SD, Rosenbaum ME, James PA. Why Hasn't this Patient been Screened for Colon Cancer? an Iowa Research Network Study. J Am Board Fam Med. 2007;20(5):458-468.
  4. Carter BL, Hartz AJ, Bergus GR, Dawson JD, Doucette WR, Stewart JJ, Xu Y. Relationship between Physician Knowledge of Hypertension and Blood Pressure Control. J Clin Hypertens. 2006;8(7):481-486.


  1. Ernst ME, Carter BL, Goerdt CJ, Steffensmeier JJ, Phillips BB, Zimmerman MB, Bergus GR. Comparative Antihypertensive Effects of Hydrochlorothiazide and Chlorthalidone on Ambulatory and Office Blood Pressure. Hypertension. 2006;47(3):352-358.
  2. Hartz AJ, Kent S, James PA, Xu Y, Kelly MW, Daly JM. Factors that Influence Improvement for Patients with Poorly Controlled Type 2 Diabetes. Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2006;74(3):227-232.
  3. Levy BT, Dawson JD, Hartz AJ, James PA. Colorectal Cancer Testing among Patients Cared for by Iowa Family Physicians. Am J Prev Med.2006;31(3):193-201.
  4. Milchak JL, Carter BL, Ardery G, Black HR, Bakris GL, Jones DW, Kreiter CD. Development of Explicit Criteria to Measure Adherence to Hypertension Guidelines. J Hum Hypertens. 2006;20(6):426-433.
  5. Nordin TA, Hartz AJ, Noyes R,Jr, Anderson MC, Rosenbaum ME, James PA, Ely JW, Agarwal N, Levy BT. Empirically Identified Goals for the Management of Unexplained Symptoms. Fam Med. 2006;38(7):476-482.
  6. Zillich AJ, Milchak JL, Carter BL, Doucette WR. Utility of a Questionnaire to Measure Physician-Pharmacist Collaborative Relationships. J Am Pharm Assoc. 2006;46(4):453-458.


  1. Bentler SE, Hartz AJ, Kuhn EM. Prospective Observational Study of Treatments for Unexplained Chronic Fatigue. J Clin Psychiatry.2005;66(5):625-632.
  2. Bergus GR, Hartz AJ, Noyes R,Jr, Ward MM, James PA, Vaughn T, Kelley PL, Sinift SD, Bentler SE, Tilman E. The Limited Effect of Screening for Depressive Symptoms with the PHQ-9 in Rural Family Practices. J Rural Health. 2005;21(4):303-309.
  3. Ely JW, Osheroff JA, Chambliss ML, Ebell MH, Rosenbaum ME. Answering Physicians' Clinical Questions: Obstacles and Potential Solutions. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2005;12(2):217-224.
  4. Ernst EJ, Ernst ME, Hoehns JD, Bergus GR. Women's Quality of Life is Decreased by Acute Cystitis and Antibiotic Adverse Effects Associated with Treatment. Health Qual Life Outcomes. 2005;3:45.
  5. Levy BT, Merchant ML. Factors Associated with Higher Clinical Skills Experience of Medical Students on a Family Medicine Preceptorship.Fam Med. 2005;37(5):332-340.


  1. Hartz AJ, Bentler SE, Noyes R, Jr, Hoehns JD, Logemann CD, Sinift SD, Butani Y, Wang W, Brake KA, Ernst ME, Kautzman HA. Randomized Controlled Trial of Siberian Ginseng for Chronic Fatigue. Psychol Med.2004;34(1):51-61.


  1. Hartz AJ, Bentler SE, Brake KA, Kelly MW. The Effectiveness of Citalopram for Idiopathic Chronic Fatigue. J Clin Psychiatry.2003;64(8):927-935.


  1. Ely JW, Osheroff JA, Ebell MH, Chambliss ML, Vinson DC, Stevermer JJ, Pifer EA. Obstacles to Answering Doctors' Questions about Patient Care with Evidence: Qualitative Study. Br Med J. 2002;324(7339):710.
  2. Levy BT, Merchant ML. Differences in Clinical Experiences Based on Gender of Third-Year Medical Students in a Required Family Medicine Preceptorship. Acad Med. 2002;77(12 Pt 1):1241-1246.


  1. Levy BT, Hartz AJ, Merchant ML, Schroeder BT. Quality of a Family Medicine Preceptorship is significantly Associated with Matching into Family Practice. Fam Med. 2001;33(9):683-690.


  1. Ely JW, Osheroff JA, Ebell MH, Bergus GR, Levy BT, Chambliss ML, Evans ER. Analysis of Questions Asked by Family Physicians regarding Patient Care. West J Med. 2000;172(5):315-319.
  2. Ernst ME, Kelly MW, Hoehns JD, Swegle JM, Buys LM, Logemann CD, Ford JK, Kautzman HA, Sorofman BA, Pretorius RW. Prescription Medication Costs: A Study of Physician Familiarity. Arch Fam Med.2000;9(10):1002-1007.
  3. Hartz AJ, Noyes R,Jr, Bentler SE, Damiano PC, Willard JC, Momany ET. Unexplained Symptoms in Primary Care: Perspectives of Doctors and Patients. Gen Hosp Psychiat. 2000;22(3):144-152.
  4. Klepser TB, Doucette WR, Horton MR, Buys LM, Ernst ME, Ford JK, Hoehns JD, Kautzman HA, Logemann CD, Swegle JM, Ritho M, Klepser ME. Assessment of Patients' Perceptions and Beliefs regarding Herbal Therapies. Pharmacotherapy. 2000;20(1):83-87.


  1. Ely JW, Osheroff JA, Ebell MH, Bergus GR, Levy BT, Chambliss ML, Evans ER. Analysis of Questions Asked by Family Doctors regarding Patient Care. Br Med J. 1999;319(7206):358-361.