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Basic Pedigree Symbols

Living Unaffected female: Clear circle

Living Unaffected male: Clear square

Unknown gender: Clear diamond

Pregnancy symbols:

  • Use a diamond if the gender is not yet known, a circle or a square if the gender is known.
  • A triangle is used for any pregnancy not carried to term.
  • Include gestational age, or estimated date of delivery (EDD) for all pregnancies.
  • Pregnancy (P), Stillbirth (SB), Spontaneous abortion (SAB), Termination of pregnancy (TOP), Ectopic pregnancy (ECT).
Gender unknown
Female fetus
Female fetus
Male fetus
Male fetus


Living Affected female: Black circle

Living Affected male: Black square

Adoption, place brackets around the adopted individual. A dashed offspring line indicates the individual was adopted into the family, and a solid line indicates the individual was adopted out of the family.

Adopted into family male
Adopted out of family male

Deceased: symbol with a diagonal line

Deceased male
Deceased female

Individual with multiple diagnoses