Health Issues Playing the Marimba - Repetitive Motion, Posture, and More -- Music and Medicine on MondayClick Here

Transnasal Laryngoscopy in COVID-19 Era - Method for Additional Protection with Disposable Mask

Update 8-09-2020: The Negative Pressure Face Shield ('NPFS') offers advantages over the technique depicted below

and is described with an on-line publication:

and a video of use of the NPFS: Negative Pressure Face Shield (NPFS) for Transnasal Laryngoscopy to Mitigate Dispersion of Bioaerosol in COVID Era

with a checklist of equipment used: Checklist for NPFS


See also: Transnasal Laryngoscopy in COVID-19 Era - Video - Additional HCW Protection (Health Care Worker)

Return to: N95 Respirators (HEPA or High-Efficiency-Particulate-Air Filter Respirators) as Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)

Otolaryngology COVID 19 Resources

Abbreviations Addressing COVID-19 Explained

References: (see Otolaryngology COVID 19 Resources for more complete references)

Chan JYK et al. There is no routine head and neck exam during  the COVID-19 pandemic. Authorea. April 06, 2020. DOI: [ADDED 15 APRIL 2020]

Cheng X, Liu J, Li N, et al. Otolaryngology Providers Must Be Alert for Mild and Asymptomatic COVID-19 Patients. Accepted for publication in Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery. [ADDED 6 April 2020]

Cui C, Yao Q, Zhao Y, et al. Approaching Otolaryngology Patients during the COVID-19 Pandemic. Accepted for publication in Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery. [ADDED 6 April 2020]

Givi B, Schiff B, Chinn S, et al. Safety Recommendations for Evaluation and Surgery of the Head and Neck During the COVID-19 Pandemic. JAMA Otolaryngology Head & Neck Surgery. 2020. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2020.0780 [ADDED 31 March 2020]

Kowalski LP, Sanabria A, Ridge JA, et al. COVID-19 pandemic: Effects and evidence-based recommendations for otolaryngology and head and neck surgery practice. Head and Neck. 2020. doi: 10.1002/hed.26164 [ADDED 15 April 2020]

Lu D, Wang H, Yu R, et al. Integrated infection control strategy to minimize nosocomial infection of coronavirus disease 2019 among ENT healthcare workers. February 18, 2020. Accessed March 21, 2020.

Meccariello G and Gallo O. What ENT doctors should know about COVID-19 contagion risks. Authorea. April 09, 2020. DOI: [ADDED 15 April 2020]

Parhar H et al.. Topical Preparations to Reduce SARS-CoV-2 Aerosolization in Head and Neck Mucosal Surgery. Authorea. April 08, 2020. DOI: