Joseph A. Buckwalter IV, MS, MD

Portrait
Arthur Steindler Chair of Orthopaedic Surgery
Professor of Orthopedics and Rehabilitation

Contact Information

Primary Office
01008 JPP
Iowa City, IA 52242
319-356-2595

Education

BA, Psychology, University of Iowa
MS, Pathology, University of Iowa
MD, University of Iowa
Internship, Internal Medicine, University of Iowa
Resident, Orthopaedic, University of Iowa
Fellow, National Research Service Award Research Fellowship, University of Iowa
Resident, Orthopaedic Residency, University of Iowa

Licensure and Certifications

Diplomate of the American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery

Center, Program and Institute Affiliations

Specialized Center for Research in Osteoarthritis

Research Summary

Dr. Buckwalter's research interests over the last 40 years have focused on cell and matrix biology, aging changes in articular cartilage and their relationship to osteoarthritis, the mechanisms for transmitting mechanical signals to chondrocytes and the biologic pathways responsible for articular cartilage loss following joint injury. In addition to cell and matrix biology he has been involved in research based on the biomechanics of synovial joints and in particular how mechanical loads applied to articular cartilage lead to degradation of the tissue. He is also pursuing a number of approaches to maintaining and restoring synovial joints following joint injuries.

Publications

Bechtold, J., Williams, B., Weinstein, S., Polly, D., Pugely, A., Buckwalter, J., Albanese, S., Bozic, K., Snyder, B. (2017). The Pursuit of Scholarship: Why We Should Care About Resident Research. J Bone Joint Surg, 99A, 1964.

Akoh, C., Chang, J. & Buckwalter, J. (2017). Marjolin's Ulcer of the Tibia with Metastases to Pelvic Lymph Nodes. Iowa Ortho J, 37, 133-138. PMID: 5508282.

Zhou, C., Zheng, H., Buckwalter, J. & Martin, J. (2016). Enhanced Phagocytic Capacity Endows Chondrogenic Progenitor Cells With a Novel Scavenger Function Within Injured Cartilage. Osteoarthritis Cartilage, 24, 1648-1655. PMID: 27130155.

Buckwalter, J., Tolo, T. & O'Keefe, R. (2015). How Do You Know It Is True? Integrity in Research and Publications. J Bone Joint Surg,(97A), 86.

Buckwalter, J. A., Felson, D. T. (2015). Post-Traumatic Arthritis - Definitions and Burden of Disease. In S. A. Olsen , F. Guilak (Eds.) Post-Traumatic Arthritis - Pathogenesis, Diagnosis and Management. pp. 7-15. Springer.

Coleman, M. C., Buckwalter, J. A. & Martin, J. A. (2015). Potential Mechanisms of PA - Oxidative Stress. In S. A. Olsen , F. Guilak (Eds.) Post-Traumatic Arthritis - Pathogenesis, Diagnosis and Management. pp. 211-219. Springer.

Yu, Y., Buckwalter, J. & Martin, J. (2015). Use of Recombinant Human Stromal Cell-Derived Factor 1-loaded Fibrin/Hyaluronic Acid Hydrogel Networks to Achieve Functional Repair of Full-Thickness Bovine Articular Cartilage Via Homing of Chondrogenic Progenitor Cells. Arthritis Rheumatology, 67(5), 1274-1285, 2015.

Buckwalter, J. (2015). In Memorium: Victor M Goldberg MD. PMID: 26515476.

Ding, L., Guo, D., Homandberg, G. A., Buckwalter, J. A. & Martin, J. A. (2014). A single blunt impact on cartilage promotes fibronectin fragmentation and upregulates cartilage degrading stromelysin-1/matrix metalloproteinase-3 in a bovine ex vivo model. J Orthop Res, 32(6), 811-8. PMID: 24610678.

Jang, K. W., Ding, L., Seol, D., Lim, T. H., Buckwalter, J. A. & Martin, J. A. (2014). Low-intensity pulsed ultrasound promotes chondrogenic progenitor cell migration via focal adhesion kinase pathway. Ultrasound Med Biol, 40(6), 1177-86. PMID: 24612644.

Seol, D., Yu, Y., Choe, H., Jang, K., Brouillette, M. J., Zheng, H., Lim, T. H., Buckwalter, J. A. & Martin, J. A. (2014). Effect of Short-Term Enzymatic Treatment on Cell Migration and Cartilage Regeneration: In Vitro Organ Culture of Bovine Articular Cartilage. Tissue Eng Part A. PMID: 24428547.

Duchman, K. R., Lynch, C. F., Buckwalter, J. A. & Miller, B. J. (2014). Estimated Cause-specific Survival Continues to Improve Over Time in Patients With Chondrosarcoma. Clin Orthop Relat Res. PMID: 24706044.

Jang, K. W., Buckwalter, J. A. & Martin, J. A. (2014). Inhibition of cell-matrix adhesions prevents cartilage chondrocyte death following impact injury. J Orthop Res, 32(3), 448-54. PMID: 24249698.

Seol, D., Yu, Y., Choe, H., Jang, K., Brouillete, M. J., Zhen, H., Lim, T. H., Buckwalter, J. A. & Martin, J. A. (2014). Effect of short term enzymatic reatment on cell migration and cartilage generation: in vitro organ culture of bovine articular cartilage. Tissue Eng Part A, 20, 1807-1814. PMID: 24428547.

Duchman, K. R., Lynch, C. F., Buckwalter, J. A. & Miller, B. J. (2014). Estimated cause specific survival continues to improve over time in patients with chondrosarcoma. Clin Orthop Rel Res,(472), 2516-2525. PMID: 2470644.

Otero, J. E., Stevens, J. W., Malandra, A. E., Fredericks, D. C., Odgren, P. R., Buckwalter, J. A. & Morcuende, J. (2014). Osteoclast inhibition impairs chondrosarcoma growth and bone destruction. J orthop Res, 32, 1562-1571. PMID: 25125336.

Yu, Y., Zheng, H., Buckwalter, J. A. & Martin, J. A. (2014). Single cell sorting identifies progenitor cell population from full thickness bovine articular cartilage: Osteoarthritis cartilage. PMID: 25038490.

Nguyen, M. P., Pugely, A. J., Buckwalter, J. A. & Marsh, J. (2014). The 100 Year Celebration of Iowa Orthopaedics. Iowa Orthop J, 34, iii-x.

Miller, B. J., Lynch, C. F. & Buckwalter, J. A. (2013). Conditional survival is greater than overall survival at diagnosis in patients with osteosarcoma and Ewing's sarcoma. Clin Orthop Relat Res, 471(11), 3398-404. PMID: 23821136.

Miller, B. J., Cram, P., Lynch, C. F. & Buckwalter, J. A. (2013). Risk factors for metastatic disease at presentation with osteosarcoma: an analysis of the SEER database. J Bone Joint Surg Am, 95(13), e89. PMID: 23824394.

Wolff, K. J., Ramakrishnan, P. S., Brouillette, M. J., Journot, B. J., McKinley, T. O., Buckwalter, J. A. & Martin, J. A. (2013). Mechanical stress and ATP synthesis are coupled by mitochondrial oxidants in articular cartilage. J Orthop Res, 31(2), 191-6. PMID: 22930474.

Buckwalter, J. A., Wright, T. (2013). Editorial: Celebrating 30 Years of the Journal of Orthopaedic Research. J Ortho Res, 31(1), 1.

Otero, J. E., Graves, C. M., TeKippe, A., Buckwalter, J. A. & Miller, B. J. (2013). Factors affecting outcomes in patients treated surgically for upper extremity tumors and tumor-like lesions. Iowa Orthop J, 33, 119-29. PMID: 24027471.

Nystrom, l. M., Buckwalter, J. A., Syrbu, S. & Miller, B. J. (2013). Serum protein electrophoresis in the evaluation of lytic bone lesions. Iowa Orthop J, 33, 114-8. PMID: 24027470.

Buckwalter, J. A., Anderson, D. D., Tochigi, Y. & Martin, J. A. (2013). The Roles of Mechanical Stresses in the pathogenesis of osteoarthritis: Implications for the treatment of joint injuries. Cartilage, 4, 286-294. PMID: 25067995.

Tochigi, Y., Buckwalter, J. A. & Brown, T. D. (2013). Toward improved clinical relevance of cartilage insult models in the rabbit knee: surgical access to the habitual weight-bearing region. Iowa Orthop J, 33, 196-201. PMID: 24027483.

Buckwalter, J. A., Wright, T., Mogoanta, L. & Alman, B. (2012). Editorial: Plagiarism: An assult on the integrity of scientific research. J Ortho Res, 30(12), 1867-1868. PMID: 22912339.

Seol, D., McCabe, D. J., Choe, H., Zheng, H., Yu, Y., Jang, K., Walter, M. W., Lehman, A. D., Ding, L., Buckwalter, J. A. & Martin, J. A. (2012). Chondrogenic progenitor cells respond to cartilage injury. Arthritis Rheum, 64(11), 3626-37. PMID: 22777600.

Martin, C. T., Morcuende, J., Buckwalter, J. A. & Miller, B. J. (2012). Prereferral MRI use in patients with musculoskeletal tumors is not excessive. Clin Orthop Relat Res, 470(11), 3240-5. PMID: 22610528.

Sauter, E., Buckwalter, J. A., McKinley, T. O. & Martin, J. A. (2012). Cytoskeletal disolution blocks oxidant release and cell death in injured cartilage. J Orthop Res, 30(4), 593-598. PMID: 21928429.

Martin, J. A., Martini, A., Molinari, A., Morgan, W., Ramalingam, W., Buckwalter, J. A. & McKinley, T. O. (2012). Mitochondrial electron transport and glycolosis are coupled in articular cartilage. Osteoarthritis and Cartilage, 20(4), 323-329. PMID: 22305999.

Wolf, K. J., Ramakrishnan, S., Brouillette, M. J., Journot, B. J., McKinley, T. O., Buckwalter, J. A. & Martin, J. A. (2012). Mechanical stress and ATP synthesis are coupled by mitochondrial oxidants in articular cartilage. J Ortho Res, 31(2), 191-6. PMID: 22930474.

Buckwalter, J. A. (2012). The role of mechanical factors in the initiation and progression of osteoarthritis. HSS Journal, 8(1), 37-38. PMID: 23372526.

Rivera, J. C., Wenke, J. C., Buckwalter, J. A., Ficke, J. R. & Johnson, A. E. (2012). Posttraumatic osteoarthritis caused by battlefield injuries: The primary source of disability in warriors. J Amer Acad Ortho Surg, 20(Suppl 1), S64-S69. PMID: 22865140.

Malchenko, S., Seftor, E., Nikolsky, Y., Hasegawa, S., Kuo, S., Stevens, J., Poyarkov, S., Nikolskaya, T., Kucaba, T., Wang, M., Abdulkawy, H., Casavant, T., Morcuende, J., Buckwalter, J. A., Hohl, R. J., DeYoung, B. R., Kernsteine, K. H. & Bona, M. (2012). Putative multi-functional signature of lung metastases in dedifferentiated chondrosarcoma. Sarcoma, 2012, 820254. PMID: 22448124.

Bonasia, D. E., Martin, J. A., Marmotti, A., Amendola, R. L., Buckwalter, J. A., Rossi, R., Blonna, D., Adkisson, H. D. & Amendola, A. (2011). Cocultures of adult and juvenile chondrocytes compared with adult and juvenile chondral fragments: in vitro matrix production. Amer J Sports Med, 39(11), 2355-61. PMID: 21828366.

Chu, C. R., Beynnon, B. D., Buckwalter, J. A., Garrett, W. E., Katz, J. N., Rodeo, S. A., Spindler, K. P. & Stanton, R. A. (2011). Closing the gap between bench and bedside research for earth arthritis therapies (EARTH): Report from the AOSSM/NIH U-13 Post-Joint Injury Osteoarthritis. Amer J Sports Med, 39(7), 1569-1578. PMID: 21730208.

Ramakrishnan, P. S., Hong, J., Martin, J. A., Kurriger, G. L., Buckwalter, J. A. & Lim, T. H. (2011). Biomechanical disc culture system: feasibility study using rat intervertebral discs. Proc Inst Mech Eng H, 225(6), 611-20. PMID: 22034744.

Buckwalter, J. A., Wright, T. M. & Donahue, H. J. (2011). Editorial: A New Feature of the Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Research Perspectives. J Ortho Res, 29, 801. PMID: 21520253.

Anderson, D. D., Chubinskaya, S., Guilak, F., Martin, J. A., Oegema, T. R., Olsen, S. A. & Buckwalter, J. A. (2011). Post-traumatic osteoarthritis: improved understanding and opportunities for early intervention. J Orthop Res, 29(6), 802-809. PMID: 21520254.

Goldberg, V. M., Buckwalter, J. A., Halpin, M., Jiranek, W. L., Mihalko, W., Pinzur, M., Rohan, B., Vail, T., Walker, P., Windsor, R. & Wright, T. (2011). Recommendations of the ORASI FDA Osteoarthritis Working Group. Osteoarthritis and Cartilge, 19(5), 509-514. PMID: 21396462.

Tochigi, Y., Buckwalter, J. A., Martin, J. A., Hillis, S. L., Zhang, P., Vaseenon, T., Lehman, A. D. & Brown, T. D. (2011). Distribution and progression of chondrocyte damage in a whole organ model of human ankle intra-articular fracture. J Bone Joint Surg, 93A(6), 533-539. PMID: 21411703.

Buckwalter, J. A., Wright, T. M., Donahue, H. J. & Amadio, P. C. (2011). Editorial: Publishing the results of multiple experiments using the same methods and outcome measures. J Orthop Res, 29(2), 155-156.

Ding, L., Stroud, N., Buckwalter, J. A. & Martin, J. A. (2011). Blunt Impaction on Cartilage Induces Sequential but Non-linear Activiation of p38 and ERK MAP Kinases. In Poster 1937. Transactions 2011 Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society, Long Beach CA.

McCabe, D. J., Lehman, A. D., Amendola, J. A., Walter, M., Buckwalter, J. A. & Martin, J. A. (2011). Characterization of a Stem Cell-Like Population in Cartilage. In Poster 2059. Transactions 2011 Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society, Long Beach CA.

Zheng, H., Lehman, A. D., Laughlin, B., Buckwalter, J. A. & Martin, J. A. (2011). Chondrogenic Potential of Mesenchymal Progenitor Cells (MPCs) from Different Connective Tissues. In Poster 1729. Transactions 2011 Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society, Long Beach CA.

Reese, E. R., Loughlin, N. C., Martini, A. E., Heiner, A., Buckwalter, J. A., McKinley, T. O. & Martin, J. A. (2011). Kinetics of ATP Production Following Blunt Impact. In Poster 2163. Transactions 2011 Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society, Long Beach CA.

Tochigi, Y., McKinley, T. O., Brown, T. D. & Buckwalter, J. A. (2011). Total Medial Menisectomy for Modeling Chronic Cartilage Overloading in the Rabbit Knee In Vivo. In Poster 2013. Transactions 2011 Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society, Long Beach CA.

Buckwalter, J. A. (2011). Advances in Understanding Joint Function. Journal of Orthopaedic Research Virtual Issue.

Buckwalter, J. A. (2011). Editor: Advances in Understanding Joint Function. J Ortho Res Virtual Issue.

Salter, D. M., Buckwalter, J. A. & Sandell, L. J. (2011). Pathology of OA.

Salter, D. M., Buckwalter, J. A. & Sandell, L. J. (2011). Pathology of OA. In H. D. HenrotinY , H. Kawaguchi (Eds.) Osteoarthritis Research Society International (OARSI) Primer. Electronic Publication on OARSI website.

Salter, D. M., Buckwalter, J. A. & Sandell, L. J. (2011). Pathology of OA. In Y. Henrotin , D. Hunter & H. Kawaguchi (Eds.) Osteoarthritis Research Society International (OARSI) Primer. OARSI website.

Nguyen, M. P., Buckwalter, J. A. & Miller, B. J. (2011). Patterns of improvement following oncologic reconstruction compared to total knee arthroplasty and revision knee arthroplasty. Iowa Orthop J, 31, 160-165. PMID: 22096436.

Ding, L., Heying, E., Nicholson, N., Stroud, N. J., Homandberg, G. A., Buckwalter, J. A., Guo, D. & Martin, J. A. (2010). Mechanical impact induces cartilage degradation via mitogen activated protein kinases. Osteoarthritis Cartilage, 18(11), 1509-1517. PMID: 20813194.

Baker, K., Grainger, A., Niu, J., Clancy, M., Guermazi, A., Crema, M., Hughes, L., Buckwalter, J., Wooley, A., Nevitt, M. C. & Felson, D. T. (2010). Relation of synovitis to knee pain using contrast-enhanced MRIs. Ann Rheum Dis, 69(10), 1779-1783. PMID: 20472593.

Goodwin, W., McCabe, D., Sauter, E., Reese, M., Walter, M., Buckwalter, J. A. & Martin, J. A. (2010). Rotenone prevents impact-induced chondrocyte death. J Orthop Res, 28(8), 1057-1063. PMID: 20108345.

Ramakrishnan, P., Hecht, B. A., Pedersen, D. R., Lavery, M. R., Maynard, J., Buckwalter, J. A. & Martin, J. A. (2010). Oxidant conditioning protects cartilage from mechanically induced damage. J Orthop Res, 28(7), 914-920. PMID: 20058262.

Adkisson, H. D., Martin, J. A., Amendola, R. L., Milliman, Mauch, K. A., Katwal, A. B., Seyedin, M., Amendola, A., Streeter, P. R. & Buckwalter, J. A. (2010). The potential of human allogeneic juvenile chondrocytes for restoration of articular cartilage. Am J Sports Med, 38(7), 1324-1333. PMID: 20423988.

Flint, J. H., Sanchez-Navarro, C. F., Buckwalter, J. A. & Marsh, J. L. (2010). Intrapelvic migration of a Gamma nail lag screw: review of the possible mechanisms. Orthopedics, 33(4). PMID: 20415308.

Zheng, H., Gourronc, F., Buckwalter, J. A. & Martin, J. A. (2010). Nanog maintains human chondrocyte phenotype and function in vitro. J Orthop Res, 28, 516-521. PMID: 19834952.

Amendola, R. L., Hummel, J. D., Journot, B. J., Namati, E., Buckwalter, J. A. & Martin, J. A. (2010). A novel device to arthroscopically image chondrocytes. In Poster 873. Tranactions 56th Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society, New Orleans, LA.

Tochigi, Y., Buckwalter, J. A., Zhang, P., Vaseenon, T., Lehman, A. D., Martin, J. A. & Brown, T. D. (2010). Distribution and progression of chondrocyte damage in human ankle intraarticular fractures. In Poster 943. Transactions 56th Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society, New Orleans LA.

McCabe, D. J., Seol, D., Choe, H., Stroud, N. J., Buckwalter, J. A. & Martin, J. A. (2010). Do cartilage-derived stem cells repopulate dead zones in injured cartilage?. In Poster 949. Transactions 56th Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society, New Orleans LA.

Martini, A. M., Walter, W., McKinley, T. O., Buckwalter, J. A. & Martin, J. A. (2010). Effects of Chronic Rotenone Treatment on Cartilage Responses to Impact Injury. In Poster 945. Transactions 56th Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society, New Orleans LA.

Steyers, C. M., Martin, J. A. & Buckwalter, J. A. (2010). Glycolosis Inhibitors Sensitize Human Chondrocytes to Radiation in vitro. In Poster 1656. Transactions 56th Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society, New Orleans LA.

Heying, E., Ding, L., Stroud, N. J., Lehman, A. D., Buckwalter, J. A. & Martin, J. A. (2010). Inhibitors of Mitogen Activated Protein Kinases Rescue Chondrocytes from Blunt Impact-Induced Cell Death in Cartilage. In Poster 947. Transactions 56th Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society, New Orleans LA.

Ding, L., Stroud, N. J., Buckwalter, J. A. & Martin, J. A. (2010). Inhibitors of Mitogen Activated Protein Kinases Restore Proteoglycan Content in Blunt Impact Injured Cartilage. In Poster 946. Transactions 56th Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society, New Orleans LA.

Nicholson, N., Zheng, H., Guo, D., Homandberg, G., Buckwalter, J. A., McKinley, T. O. & Martin, J. A. (2010). microRNA Levels in Cartilage after Blunt Impact Injury. In Poster 948. Transactions 56th Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society, New Orleans LA.

Lehman, A. D., Wiechert, S. A., Stroud, N. J., Buckwalter, J. A. & Martin, J. A. (2010). Residence time of bovine articular chondrocyte DNA after cell death. In Poster 958. Transactions 56th Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society, New Orleans LA.

Jones, K. B., Piombo, V., Searby, C., Kurriger, G., Yang, B., Grabellus, F., Roughley, P. J., Morcuende, J. A., Buckwalter, J. A., Capecchi, M. R., Vortkamp, A. & Sheffield, V. C. (2010). A mouse model of osteochondromagenesis from clonal inactivation of Ext1 in chondrocytes. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA, 107(5), 2054-2059. PMID: 20080592.

Lack, W., Donigan, J. A., Morcuende, J., Buckwalter, J. & El-Khoury, G. Y. (2010). Conical utility of CT-guided biopsies in orthopaedic oncology. Iowa Orthop J, 30, 76-9. PMID: 21045975.

Teusink, M., El-Khoury, G. & Buckwalter, J. (2010). Lipoma arborescens of the subdeltoid bursa: a case report. Iowa Orthop J, 30, 177-8. PMID: 21045993.

Martini, A., Ramalingam, W., Walter, M., Buckwalter, J. A., McKinley, T. O. & Martin, J. A. (2010). Rotenone Inhibits ATP and Oxidant Production in Articular Cartilage. (Vols. 18). (suppl 2), pp. S113. Osteoarthritis and Cartilage.

Martin, J. A., McCabe, N., Walter, M., Buckwalter, J. A. & McKinley, T. O. (2009). N-Acetylcysteine Inhibits Post-Impact Chondrocyte Death in Osteochondral Implants. J Bone Joint Surg, 91A(8), 1890-1897. PMID: 19651946.

Carpenter, B., Amendola, R., Walker, M., Lim, T., McKinley, T., Buckwalter, J. & Martin, J. (2009). A Novel Method for 3-Dimensional Imaging of Cartilage Cracks. Transactions 55th Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society.

Ding, L., Stroud, N., McCabe, D., Buckwalter, J. & Martin, J. (2009). A Single Blunt Impact to Cartilage Activates MAP Kinases and NF-kappa-B Radially From the Impact Zone within 24 hours. Transactions 55th Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society.

Tochigi, Y., Martin, J., Rudert, J., McCabe, D., Goreham-Voss, C., Buckwalter, J. & Brown, T. (2009). Acute Pathology of Cartilage Injury in Human Ankle Intra-Articular Fractures. Transactions 55th Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society.

Mankin, H. J., Mow, V. C. & Buckwalter, J. A. (2009). Articular Cartilage Form and Function. In T. Einhorn , R. O’Keefe & J. A. Buckwalter (Eds.) Orthopaedic Basic Science. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. Rosemont IL.

Buckwalter, J. A. (2009). Articular Cartilage Injury and Osteoarthritis – Implications for Prevention and Treatment of Joint Injuries. pp. 197-198. Proceedings 2009 Annual Meeting American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons.

Buckwalter, J. A. (2009). Can Stratification of Injury Severity Predict Who Can Benefit from Chondroprotection?. pp. 246-249. Program AOSSN 2009 Annual Meeting.

Steyers, C., Ding, L., Martin, J. & Buckwalter, J. (2009). Effects of 2 D-Deoxyglucose on Human Chondrosarcoma Cells in Culture. Transactions 55th Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society.

Zeng, H., Gourranc, F., Buckwalter, J. & Martin, J. (2009). Nanog Sustains the Function of Human Chondrocytes During Long-Term Monolayer Culture. Transactions 55th Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society.

Jones, K., Searby, C., Kurriger, G., Roughley, P., Morcuende, J., Buckwalter, J. & Sheffield, V. (2009). Osteochondromagenesis: Loss of Heterozygosity Modeled Via Cre-Mediated Inversion of the Second Exon of EXT1 in Chondrocytes. Transactions 55th Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society.

Nicholson, N., Martin, J. & Buckwalter, J. (2009). The Effects of N-Acetyl Cysteine on Steady State Proteoglycan Content in Mechanically Injured Articular Cartilage. Transactions 55th Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society.

Brand, R., Buckwalter, J. A., Canale, S. T., Cooney WP 3rd, W. P., D'Ambrosia, R., Grana, W. A., Heckman, J. D., Hensinger, R. N., Koman, L. A., McCann, P. D., Poehling, G. G. & Thordarson, D. (2008). Patient care, professionalism, and relations with industry. J Surg Orthop Adv, 17(2), 67-8. PMID: 18549733.

Brand, R. A., Buckwalter, J. A., Wright, T. M., Canale, S., Cooney, W. P. & et al (2008). Editorial from journal editors: patient care, professionalism and relations with industry. Clin Orthop Relat Res, 466(3), 517-9. PMID: 18264839.

Buckwalter, J. A., Wright, T. M. (2008). Editorial: Orthopaedic surgeons, scientists and industry. J Orthop Res, 26(3), 279. PMID: 18320614.

Akeson, W., Buckwalter, J., Hayes, W. & Wright, T. (2008). Editoral: Celebrating 25 Years of Advancing Orthopaedic Research. J Orthop Res, 26, 141-142.

Hunziker, E. B., Kapfinger, E., Martin, J., Buckwalter, J. A. & Morales, T. I. (2008). Insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-binding protein (IGFBP-3) is closely associated with the chondrocyte nucleus in human articular cartilage. Osteoarthritis Cartilage, 16(2), 185-194. PMID: 17693100.

Ding, L., McCabe, D. J., Stroud, N. J., Buckwalter, J. A. & Martin, J. A. (2008). A single blunt impact stimulated activation of mitogen activated protein kinases in bovine chondrocytes. (Vols. 16). (suppl 4), pp. S83. Osteoarthritis Cartilage.

Tochigi, Y., McCabe, D. J., Martin, J. A., Rudert, J., Buckwalter, J. A. & Brown, T. D. (2008). Acute chondrocyte damage in human ankle intraarticular fracture. (Vols. 16). (suppl 4), pp. S99. Osteoarthritis Cartilage.

Nystrom, L., Raw, R., Buckwalter, J. & Morcuende, J. (2008). Acute intraoperative reactions during the injection of calcium sulfate bone cement for the treatment of unicameral bone cysts: A review of four cases. Iowa Orthop J, 28, 81-84. PMID: 19223954.

Lyon, C., Buckwalter, J. (2008). Case report: Full thickness skin necrosis after percutaneous radio-frequency ablation of a tibial osteoid osteoma. Iowa Orthop J, 28, 85-87. PMID: 19223955.

McCabe, D. J., Stroud, N. J., Ramaskrishnan, P. S., Buckwalter, J. A., Pedersen, D. R. & Martin, J. A. (2008). Intracellular oxidant production by chondrocytes in osteochondral explants following blunt impact injury. (Vols. 16). (suppl 4), pp. S91. Osteoarthritis Cartilage.

Baker, K., Grainger, A., Niu, J., Clancy, M., Guermazi, A., Crema, M., Hughes, L., Buckwalter, J., Nevitt, M. & Felson (2008). Synovitis increases the risk of knee pain irrespective of status of x-ray OA: The MOST Study. (Vols. 16). (suppl 4), pp. S204. Osteoarthritis Cartilage.

Jones, K. B., Buckwalter, J. A. (2007). SLICED Study Group: Reliability of histopathologic and radiologic grading of cartilaginous neoplasms in long bones. J Bone Joint Surg, 89(10), 2113-2123. PMID: 17908885.

Buckwalter, J. A. (2007). OARSI Commentary: The Role of Mechanical Instability in the Pathogenesis of Osteoarthritis. www.oarsi.org.

Buckwalter, J. A. (2007). The Role of Mechanical Instability in the Pathogenesis of Osteoarthritis. OARSI Commentary.

Kyriakos, M., El-Khoury, G. Y., McDonald, D. J., Buckwalter, J. A., Sundaram, M., DeYoung, B. & O'Brien, M. P. (2007). Osteoblastomatosis of bone. A benign, multifocal osteoblastic lesion, distinct from ostoid osteoma and osteoblastoma, radiologically simulating a vascular tumor. Skeletal Radiology, 36(3), 237-247. PMID: 16639626.

Aigner, T., Haag, J., Martin, J. & Buckwalter, J. A. (2007). Osteoarthritis: aging of matrix and cells – going for a remedy. Curr Drug Targets, 8(2), 325-351. PMID: 17305510.

Ramakrishnan, P., Zeng, H., Martin, J. A., Lim, T., Kurriger, G. & Buckwalter, J. A. (2007). A novel hydrogel for stem cell delivery to osteochondral defects. (Vols. 32). Trans 53nd Annual Meeting Orthopaedic Research Society.

Huang, M., Martin, J. A., Christiansen, C., Kurriger, G., Stroud, N., Moussavi-Harami, F. & Buckwalter, J. A. (2007). Age-related decline in osteochondral repair in a rat model. (Vols. 32). Trans 53nd Annual Meeting Orthopaedic Research Society.

Beecher, B. R., Martin, J. A., Pedersen, D. R., Heiner, A. D. & Buckwalter, J. A. (2007). Antioxidants block cyclic loading induced chondrocyte death. Iowa Orthop J, 27, 1-8. PMID: 17907423.

Buckwalter, J. A., Marsh, J. L., Brown, T., Amendola, A. & Martin, J. A. (2007). Articular Cartilage Injury. In R. Lanza , R. Langer , J. Vacanti (Eds.) Principles of Tissue Engineering. (3), pp. 897-907. Elsevier, Amsterdam, Boston, New York.

Buckwalter, J., Martin, J. (2007). Biology and biomechanics of aging joints – roles in osteoarthritis. (Vols. 15). (suppl C), pp. 12-13. Osteoarthritis Cartilage.

Stoltz, J., Lotz, M. & Buckwalter, J. (2007). Cartilage Engineering. In J. Buckwalter , M. Lotz & S. J-F (Eds.) Osteoarthritis, Inflammation and Degredation: A Continuum. pp. 280-286. IOS Press, Amsterdam.

Zheng, H., Martin, J. A., Duwayri, Y., Falcon, G. & Buckwalter, J. A. (2007). Impact of aging on rat bone marrow-derived stem cell chondrogenesis. J Gerontology: Biological Sciences, 62A, 136-148.

Amirtharaja, M., Martin, J. A., Steyers, C. & Buckwalter, J. A. (2007). Inhibition of telomerase sensitizes chondrosarcoma cells to radiation. (Vols. 32). Trans 53nd Annual Meeting Orthopaedic Research Society.

Martin, J. A., Pedersen, D., Heiner, A., Buckwalter, J. A. & Brown, T. (2007). N-acetyl cysteine protects cartilage from loading-induced proteoglycan loss. (Vols. 32). Trans 53nd Annual Meeting Orthopaedic Research Society.

Zeng, H., Martin, J. A., Gourronc, F. & Buckwalter, J. A. (2007). Nanog over-expression promotes the phenotypic stability of chondrocytes in monolayer culture. (Vols. 32). Trans 53nd Annual Meeting Orthopaedic Research Society.

Buckwalter, J. A., Ballard, W. T. (2007). Operative Treatment of Arthritis Chapter 43. In J. H. Klippel , J. H. Stone , L. J. Crofford , P. H. White (Eds.) Primer on the Rheumatic Diseases. (13), pp. 651-663. Springer.

Buckwalter, J. A., Ballard, W. T. (2007). Operative Treatment of Arthritis. Chapter 43. In J. H. Klippel , J. H. Stone , L. J. Crofford , P. H. White (Eds.) Primer on the Rheumatic Diseases. (13th Edition), pp. 651-663. Springer.

Buckwalter, J., Lotz, M., J-F, S. (Eds.) (2007). Osteoarthritis, Inflammation and Degredation: A Continuum. pp. 299 pages. IOS Press, Amsterdam.

Hecht, B., Martin, J. A., Pedersen, D., Heiner, A., Amendola, R. & Buckwalter, J. A. (2007). Oxidant pre-conditioning protects chondrocytes from mechanically-induced cell death. (Vols. 32). Trans 53nd Annual Meeting Orthopaedic Research Society.

Martin, J. A., Adkisson, R., Seyedin, M., Buckwalter, J. A. & Amendola, N. (2007). Supression of chondrogenesis in co-cultures of adult and juvenile chondrocytes. (Vols. 32). Trans 53nd Annual Meeting Orthopaedic Research Society.

Buckwalter, J., Lotz, M. & Stoltz, J. (2007). Theraputics and Osteoarthritis. In J. Buckwalter , M. Lotz & S. J-F (Eds.) Osteoarthritis, Inflammation and Degredation: A Continuum. pp. 287-298. IOS Press, Amsterdam.

Saltzman, C. L., Zimmerman, M. B., O'Rourke, M., Brown, T. D., Buckwalter, J. A. & Johnston, R. (2006). Impact of comorbidities on the measurement of health in patients with ankle osteoarthritis. J Bone Joint Surg, 88A(11), 2366-2372. PMID: 17079392.

Kasra, M., Merryman, W. D., Loveless, K. N., Goel, V. J., Martin, J. D. & Buckwalter, J. A. (2006). Frequency response of pig intervertebral disc cells subjected to dynamic hydrostatic pressure. J Orthop Res, 24(10), 1967-1973. PMID: 16900539.

Moussavi-Harami, F., Mollano, A., Martin, J. A., Ayoob, A., Domann, F. E., Gitelis, S. & Buckwalter, J. A. (2006). Intrinsic radiation resistance in human chondrosarcoma cells. Biochem Biophys Res Commun, 346(2), 379-385. PMID: 16765318.

Jones, K. B., Buckwalter, J. A., Frassica, F. J. & McCarthy, E. F. (2006). Intracortical chondroma: a report of two cases. Skeletal Radiololgy, 35(5), 298-301. PMID: 16284766.

Buckwalter, J. A., Martin, J. A. (2006). Osteoarthritis. Adv Drug Delivery Rev, 58(2), 150-167. PMID: 16530881.

Williams, R. D., Strunk, A. L. & Buckwalter, J. A. (2006). House calls at 30,000 feet. Obstet Gynecol, 107(4), 922-926. PMID: 16582133.

Segal, N. A., Buckwalter, J. A. & Amendola, A. (2006). Other surgical techniques for osteoarthritis. Best Practice Research Clin Rheum, 20(1), 155-176. PMID: 16483914.

Zeng, H., Martin, J. A. & Buckwalter, J. A. (2006). Age related effects on chondrogenic differentiation of rat bone marrow stromal cells. Trans 52nd Annual Meeting Orthopaedic Research Society.

Moussavi-Harami, S. F., Martin, J. A., Zeng, H. & Buckwalter, J. A. (2006). Aging effects on marrow stromal cell chemotaxis. Trans 52nd Annual Meeting Orthopaedic Research Society.

Buckwalter, J. A., Amendola, A. & Clark, C. R. (2006). Articular Cartilage and Meniscus: Biology, Biomechanics and Healing Response. In W. N. Scott (Eds.) Surgery of the Knee. (4), pp. 307-316. Churchill Livingstone Elsevier, Philadelphia PA.

Buckwalter, J. A., Einhorn, T. A. & Marsh, L. J. (2006). Bone and Joint Healing. In C. A. Rockwood , D. P. Green & R. W. Bucholz , J. D. Heckman (Eds.) Fractures. (6), pp. 297-311. Lippincott, Philadelphia PA.

Jones, K. B., DeYoung, B. R., Morcuende, J. A. & Buckwalter, J. A. (2006). Ethanol as a local adjuvant for giant cell tumor of bone. Iowa Ortho J, 26, 69-76. PMID: 16789453.

Ilgenfritz, R. M., Jones, K. B., Lueck, N. & Buckwalter, J. A. (2006). Intraosseous neurilemmoma involving the distal tibia and fibula: a case report. Iowa Ortho J, 26, 138-143. PMID: 16789465.

Buckwalter, J. A., Etienne, G. (2006). Osteoarthritis and Inflammatory Arthritis. In R. L. Barrak , R. D. Booth , J. H. Lonner , J. C. McCarthy , M. A. Mont , H. E. Rubash (Eds.) Hip and Knee Reconstruction. pp. 187-198. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Rosemont IL.

Moskowitz, R. W., Altman, R. D., Hochberg, M. C., Buckwalter, J. A., Goldberg, V. M. (Eds.) (2006). Osteoarthritis: Diagnosis and Medical/Surgical Management. (4), pp. 470 pages. Wolters Kluwer/Lippincott Williams & Wilkens, Philadelphia PA.

Jones, K. B., Buckwalter, J. A. & McCarthy, E. F. (2006). Parosteal osteosarcoma of the thumb metacarpal: a case report. Iowa Ortho J, 26, 134-137. PMID: 16789464.

Buckwalter, J. A., Martin, J. A. & Brown, T. D. (2006). Perspectives on chondrocyte mechanobiology and osteoarthritis. Biorheology, 43(3-4), 603-609. PMID: 16912432.

Martin, J. A., Buckwalter, J. A. (2006). Post-traumatic osteoarthritis: The role of stress induced chondrocyte damage. Bioreheology, 43(3-4), 517-521. PMID: 16912423.

Brown, T. D., Johnston, R. C., Saltzman, C. L., Marsh, J. L. & Buckwalter, J. A. (2006). Posttraumatic osteoarthritis: a first estimate of incidence, prevalence and burden of disease. J Ortho Trauma, 20(10), 739-744. PMID: 17106388.

Wolf, B. R., Buckwalter, J. A. (2006). Randomized surgical trials and “sham” surgery: relevance to modern orthopaedics and minimally invasive surgery. Iowa Ortho J, 26, 107-111. PMID: 16789458.

Shumacher, R. H., Chen, L. X. & Buckwalter, J. A. (2006). Secondary Osteoarthritis. In R. W. Moskowitz , R. D. Altman & M. C. Hochberg , J. A. Buckwalter , V. M. Goldberg (Eds.) Osteoarthritis: Diagnosis and Medical/Surgical Management. (4), pp. 233-253. Wolters Kluwer/Lippincott Williams & Wilkens, Philadelphia PA.

Amirtharajah, M., Martin, J. A., Steyers, C. M. & Buckwalter, J. A. (2006). Telomerase inhibition causes decreased chondrosarcoma and chondrocyte survival in culture. Trans 52nd Annual Meeting Orthopaedic Research Society.

Beecher, B. R., Martin, J. A., Heiner, A. & Buckwalter, J. A. (2006). Vitamin E blocks shear stress-induced chondrocyte death in articular cartilage. Trans 52nd Annual Meeting Orthopaedic Research Society.

Jones, K. B., Patel, P., DeYoung, B. & Buckwalter, J. A. (2005). Viscosupplementaion Pseudotumor. J Bone Joint Surg, 87A(5), 1113-1119. PMID: 15866978.

Goldberg, V. M., Buckwalter, J. A. (2005). Hyaluronans in the treatment of osteoarthritis of the knee: evidence for disease modifying activity. Osteoarthritis Cartilage, 13(3), 216-224. PMID: 15727888.

Buckwalter, J. A. (2005). 90th Birthday - Dr. Ignacio Posneti. Iowa Orthopaedic J, 25, XIV.

Buckwalter, J. A., Mankin, H. J. & Grodzinsky, A. J. (2005). Articular cartilage and osteoarthritis.

Buckwalter, J. A. (2005). Commentary: Impact of Iowa Orthopaedic Resident Research Projects – A Look at Three Projects from Twenty-Five Years Ago. Iowa Ortho J, 25, xiv.

Saltzman, C. L., Salamon, M. L., Blanchard, G. M., Huff, T., Hayes, A., Buckwalter, J. A. & Amendola, A. (2005). Epidemiology of ankle arthritis: report of a consecutive series of 639 patients from a tertiary orthopaedic center. Iowa Orthop J, 25, 44-46. PMID: 16089071.

Griffin, L. Y., Buckwalter, J. A. (Eds.) (2005). Essentials of Musculoskeletal Care, Section One – General Orthopaedics. pp. pp1-142. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Rosemont IL.

Buckwalter, J. A. (2005). Musculoskeletal Tissue Healing. In S. L. Weinstein , J. A. Buckwalter (Eds.) Turek's Orthopaedics: Principles and Their Application. (6), pp. 57-72. Lippincott, Philadelphia PA.

Buckwalter, J. A. (2005). Musculskeletal Neoplasms and Disorders That Resemble Neoplasms.

Buckwalter, J. A. (2005). Musculskeletal Tissues and the Musculoskeletal System. In S. L. Weinstein , J. A. Buckwalter (Eds.) Turek's Orthopaedics: Principles and Their Application. (6), pp. 3-56. Lippincott, Philadelphia PA.

Jones, K. B., Buckwalter, J. A. (2005). Severe periprosthetic cortical atrophy in the skeletally immature: a report of three cases. Iowa Orthop J, 25, 75-81. PMID: 16089078.

Buckwalter, J. A. (2005). Speech at 90th Birthday – Dr. Ignacio Ponseti. Iowa Ortho J, 25, xix.

Weinstein, S. L., Buckwalter, J. A. (Eds.) (2005). Turek's Orthopaedics: Principles and Their Application. (6), pp. 761 pages. Lippincott, Philadelphia PA.

Mollano, A., Hagy, M., Jones, K. & Buckwalter, J. A. (2004). Unusual osteochondroma of the medial clavicle causing subclavian vein thrombosis and brachial plexopathy. J Bone Joint Surg, 86A(12), 2747-2750. PMID: 15590864.

Martin, J. A., Brown, T. D., Heiner, A. D. & Buckwalter, J. A. (2004). Chondrocyte senescence, joint loading and osteoarthritis. Clin Orthop Rel Res, 427S, S96-S103. PMID: 15480082.

Buckwalter, J. A., Saltzman, C. & Brown, T. (2004). The impact of osteoarthritis: Implications for research. Clin Orthop Rel Res, 427S, S-6-S15. PMID: 15480076.

Buckwalter, J. A., Martin, J. A. (2004). Sports and osteoarthritis. Curr Opinion Rheumatology, 16(5), 634-639. PMID: 15314507.

Martin, J. A., DeYoung, B. R., Gitelis, S., Weydert, J. A., Klingelhutz, A. J., Kurriger, G. & Buckwalter, J. A. (2004). Telomerase reverse transcriptase subunit expression is associated with chondrosarcoma malignancy. Clin Orthop Rel Res,(426), 117-124. PMID: 15346061.

Jones, K. B., Morcuende, J. A., DeYoung, B. R., El-Khoury, G. E., Buckwalter, J. A. & Dietz, F. R. (2004). Unusual Presentation of Lipoblastoma as a Skin Dimple of the Thigh. J Bone Joint Surg, 86A(5), 1040-1046. PMID: 15118050.

Martin, J. A., Klingelhutz, A. J., Moussavi-Harmi, F. & Buckwalter, J. A. (2004). Effects of oxidative damage and telmomerase activity on human articular cartilage chondrocyte senscence. J Gerontology: Biol Sciences, 59, B324-36. PMID: 15071075.

Aigner, T., Rose, J., Martin, J. & Buckwalter, J. (2004). Aging theories of osteoarthritis – From epidemiology to molecular biology. Rejuvination Research, 7, 134-145. PMID: 15312300.

Buckwalter, J. A. (2004). Articular Cartilage Overview. In V. M. Goldberg , A. I. Kaplan (Eds.) Orthopaedic Tissue Engineering: Basic Science and Practice. pp. 179-199. Marcel Decker, New York.

Dirschl, D., Marsh, J. L., Buckwalter, J. A., Gelberman, R., Olsen, S. A., Brown, T. D. & Llinas, A. (2004). Articular fractures. Journal of American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, 12(6), 416-423. PMID: 15615507.

Fowler, T. P., Keener, J. & Buckwalter, J. A. (2004). Brucella osteomyelitis of the proximal tibia. Iowa Orthop J, 24, 30-32. PMID: 15296202.

Buckwalter, J. A. (2004). Can Tissue Engineering Help Orthopaedic Patients? Clinical Needs and Criteria for Success. In L. J. Sandell , A. J. Grodzinsky (Eds.) Tissue Engineering in Musculoskeletal Clinical Practice. pp. 3-16. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Rosemont IL.

Buckwalter, J. A. (2004). Editorial Comment: Cartilage degeneration and regeneration. Clin Orthop Rel Res, 427S, S26.

Morcuende, J. A., Gomez, P., Stack, J., Oji, G., Martin, J. A., Fredericks, D. C. & Buckwalter, J. A. (2004). Effect of chemotherapy on segmental bone healing enhanced by rhBMP-2. Iowa Orthop J, 24, 36-42. PMID: 15296204.

Martin, J. A., Heiner, A. D. & Buckwalter, J. A. (2004). High Shear Stress Induces p53 Expression and Apoptosis in Cartilage Explants. (Vols. 12S). pp. 47. Osteoarthritis and Cartilage.

Buckwalter, J. A., Brown, T. D. (2004). Joint injury, repair and remodeling: Roles in post-traumatic osteoarthritis. Clin Ortho Rel Res,(423), 7-16. PMID: 15232420.

Gourronc, F. A., Martin, J. A. & Buckwalter, J. A. (2004). Microarray analysis reveals malignancy-related markers in human chondrosarcoma. Trans 50th Annual Meeting Orthopaedic Research Society.

Moussavi-Harami, F., Duwayri, Y., Martin, J. A., Moussavi-Harami, F. & Buckwalter, J. A. (2004). Oxygen effects on senescence in chondrocytes and mesenchymal stem cells: consequences for tissue engineering. Iowa Orthop J, 24, 15-20. PMID: 15296200.

Buckwalter, J. A. (2004). Pathogenesis of Post-traumatic Osteoarthritis. (Vols. 12S). pp. 25-26. Osteoarthritis and Cartilage.

Martin, J. A., Brown, T., Heiner, A. & Buckwalter, J. A. (2004). Post-traumatic Osteoarthritis: The Role of Accelerated Chondrocyte Senescence. Biorheology, 41(3-4), 479-491. PMID: 15299279.

Martin, J. A., Brown, T., Heiner, A. & Buckwalter, J. A. (2004). Post-traumatic osteoarthritis: The role of accelerated chondrocyte senescence. In J. F. Stoltz (Eds.) Mechanobiology: Chondrocyte and Cartilage. pp. 479-491. IOS Press, Amsterdam.

Buckwalter, J. A., Ballard, T. W. (2004). Surgical Treatment of Joint Diseases. In L. Goldman , D. Ausiello (Eds.) Cecil Textbook of Medicine. (22), pp. 1721-1726. Saunders, Orlando FL.

Brand, R. A., Buckwalter, J. A., Talman, C. L. & Happe, D. G. (2003). Industrial support of orthopaedic research in the academic setting. Clin Ortho Rel Res,(412), 45-53. PMID: 12838051.

Buckwalter, J. A., Heckman, J. D. & Petrie, D. P. (2003). Aging of the North American population: new challenges for orthopaedics. J Bone Joint Surg, 85A(4), 748-758. PMID: 12672854.

Moussavi-Harami, F., Nickol, T. M., Martin, J. A., Dormann, F. E. & Buckwalter, J. A. (2003). Acridine Organge Increases Radiation Sensitivity of Human Chondrosarcoma Cell Line. Trans 49th Annual Meeting Orthopaedic Research Society.

Haft, G. F., Buckwalter, J. A. (2003). Aneurysmal bone cyst following tibial fracture: A case report. Iowa Ortho J, 23, 100-102. PMID: 14575259.

Buckwalter, J. A., Mow, V. C. & Mankin, H. J. (2003). Articular Cartilage. In J. Bernstein (Eds.) Musculoskeletal Medicine. pp. 15-23. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Rosemont IL.

Buckwalter, J. A., Mow, V. C. & Mankin, H. J. (2003). Articular Cartilage: Structure, Function, Metabolism, Injury and Osteoarthritis. In J. J. Callaghan , A. G. Rosenberg & H. E. Rubash , P. T. Simonian , T. L. Wickiewicz (Eds.) The Adult Knee. pp. 225-236. Lippincott, Philadelphia PA.

Stack, J., Fredericks, D., Martin, J., Nepola, J., Buckwalter, J. & Morcuende, J. A. (2003). Effect of Chemotherapy on Segmental Bone Healing Induced by rhBMP-2. (Vols. 28). Trans 49th Annual Meeting Orthopaedic Research Society.

Martin, J. A., Kurriger, G., Forrest, E., DeYoung, B. & Buckwalter, J. A. (2003). Immunohistochemical Detection of Telomerase in Human Chondrosarcomas. (Vols. 28). Trans 49th Annual Meeting Orthopaedic Research Society.

Mollano, A. V., Martin, J. A., Klingelhutz, A. J., Gourrone, F. A., Nickol, T. M. & Buckwalter, J. A. (2003). Inducible Expression of p16 in Chondrosarcoma Through Retroviral Gene Transfer. (Vols. 28). Trans 49th Annual Meeting Orthopaedic Research Society.

Buckwalter, J. A. (2003). Integration of science into orthopaedic practice: implications for solving the problem of articular cartilage repair. J Bone Joint Surg, 85A(Supplement 2), 1-7. PMID: 12721339.

Buckwalter, J. A. (2003). Iowa and Eugene, Oregon, Orthopaedics. Iowa Ortho J, 23, 123-129. PMID: 14575262.

Buckwalter, J. A., Martin, J. A., Olmstead, M., Athanasiou, K. A., Rosenwasser, M. P. & Mow, V. C. (2003). Osteochondral repair of primate knee femoral and patellar articular surfaces – Implications for preventing post-traumatic osteoarthritis. Iowa Ortho J, 23, 66-74. PMID: 14575253.

Buckwalter, J. A., Ballard, T. & Brooks, P. M. (2003). Principles of Arthritis Surgery. In M. C. Hochberg , A. J. Silman & J. S. Smolen , M. E. Wienblatt , M. H. Weisman (Eds.) Rheumatology. (3), pp. 531-542. Mosby, London, England.

Brooks, P. M., Buckwalter, J. A. (2003). Principles of Management of Patients with Rheumatic Disease.

Buckwalter, J. A. (2003). Sports, Joint Injury & Post-traumatic Osteoarthritis. J Orthop Sports Physical Therapy, 33, 578-588.

Buckwalter, J. A., Lohmander, L. S. (2003). Surgical approaches to preserving and restoring articular cartilage. In K. D. Brandt , M. Doherty , L. S. Lohmander (Eds.) Osteoarthritis. pp. 353-360. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Martin, J. A., Buckwalter, J. A. (2003). The Role of Chondrocyte Senescence in the Pathogenesis of Osteoarthritis and in Limiting Cartilage Repair. J Bone Joint Surg, 85A(Supplement 2), 106-110. PMID: 12721352.

Martin, J. A., Buckwalter, J. A. (2003). The role of tenascin-C in adaptation of tendons to compressive loading. Biorheology, 40(1-3), 321-329. PMID: 12454422.

Buckwalter, J. A. (2003). The Vienna heritage of Iowa orthopaedics. Iowa Ortho J, 23, 108-122. PMID: 14575261.

Buckwalter, J. A. (2002). Articular Cartilage Injuries. Clin Ortho Rel Res,(402), 21-37. PMID: 12218470.

Martin, J. A., Forest, E., Buckwalter, J. A., Klingelhutz, A. J., Whited, B., Gitelis, S., Wilke, A. & Buckwalter, J. A. (2002). Malignant transformation in human chondrosarcoma cells is supported by telomerase activation and tumor suppressor inactivation. Cell Growth and Differentiation, 13(9), 397-407. PMID: 12354749.

Felson, D. T., Buckwalter, J. A. (2002). Debridement and lavage for osteoarthritis of the knee. N Eng J Med, 347(2), 132-133. PMID: 12110742.

Martin, J. A., Miller, B. A., Scherb, M. B., Lembke, L. A. & Buckwalter, J. A. (2002). Co-localization of insulin-like growth factor binding protein 3 and fibronectin in human articular cartilage. Osteoarthritis Cartilage, 10(7), 556-563. PMID: 12127836.

Martin, J. A., Buckwalter, J. A. (2002). Co-localization of Insulin-like Growth Factor Binding Protein 3 and Fribronectin in Human Articular Cartilage. 4th ICRS Transactions – International Cartilage Repair Society, Toronto, Canada.

Martin, J. A., Buckwalter, J. A. (2002). Human chondrocyte senescence. 4th ICRS Transactions – International Cartilage Repair Society, Toronto, Canada.

Buckwalter, J. A. (2002). Apley’s System of Orthopaedics and Fractures. Arnold Publishers, London, Lancet,(8).

Hoffman, R. D., Saltzman, C. L. & Buckwalter, J. A. (2002). Outcome of lower extremity malignancy survivors treated with transfemoral amputation. Arch Phys Med Rehabil, 83(2), 177-182. PMID: 11833020.

Lee, G. H., Khoury, J. G., Bell, J. E. & Buckwalter, J. A. (2002). Adverse reactions to Osteoset bone graft substitute, the incidence in a consecutive series. Iowa Ortho J, 22, 35-38. PMID: 12180608.

Martin, J. A., Buckwalter, J. A. (2002). Aging & the pathogenesis of osteoarthritis – implications for cartilage repair. European Cells and Materials.

Martin, J. A., Buckwalter, J. A. (2002). Aging, articular cartilage chondrocyte senesence and osteoarthritis. Biogerontology, 3(5), 257-264. PMID: 12237562.

Buckwalter, J. A. (2002). Aging, Osteoarthritis and Chondrosarcomas. pp. 44. Asian Pacific 2002 Combined Orthopaedic Meeting Abstract Handbook.

Marsh, J. L., Buckwalter, J., Gelberman, R., Dirschl, D., Olson, S., Brown, T. D. & Llinias, A. (2002). AOA Symposium-Articular Fractures: Does an anatomic reduction really change the result?. (Vols. 84A). pp. 1259-1271. J Bone Joint Surg.

Buckwalter, J. A., Mow, V. C. (2002). Articular Cartilage. In J. C. DeLee , D. Drez , M. D. Miller (Eds.) Orthopaedic Sports Medicine Principles and Practice. pp. 67-87. Saunders, Philadelphia PA.

Buckwalter, J. A. (2002). Basic Science and Pathophysiology of Chondral Injuries. In J. R. Steadman , W. G. Rodkey , K. D. Plancher (Eds.) Management and Rehabilitation of Knee and Lower Extremity Problems-The Steadman Technique. Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, Philadephia.

Buckwalter, J. A. (2002). Biologic Joint Resurfacing. pp. 127. Asian Pacific 2002 Combined Orthopaedic Meeting Abstract Handbook.

Mollano, A. V., Martin, J. A. & Buckwalter, J. A. (2002). Chondrocyte senescence and telomere regulation: implications in cartilage aging and cancer. Iowa Ortho J, 22, 1-7. PMID: 12180600.

Martin, J. A., Buckwalter, J. A. (2002). Chondrocyte Senescence: Role in Osteoarthritis & Neoplasia. pp. 39. Proceedings of the Martix Biology Society of Australia and New Zealand.

Felson, D. T., Buckwalter, J. A. (2002). Debridement and Lavage for Osteoarthritis of the Knee. N Eng J Med, 347, 132-133.

Martin, J. A., Mitchell, K., Kingelhautz, A. & Buckwalter, J. A. (2002). Effect of telomerase and proto-oncogene expression on in vitro chondrocyte growth. J Gerontology: Biol Sci, 57B, 48-53.

Buckwalter, J. A., Woo, S. L. (2002). Effects of Medications in Sports Injuries at the Tissue Level. In J. C. DeLee , D. Drez , M. D. Miller (Eds.) Orthopaedic Sports Medicine Principles and Practice. pp. 50-56. Saunders, Philadelphia PA.

Buckwalter, J. A., Brandser, E. A. & Robinson, R. A. (2002). Elastofibroma. In C. Bulstrode , J. A. Buckwalter & A. Carr , L. Marsh , J. Fairbank , J. Wilson-MacDonald , G. Bowen (Eds.) Oxford Textbook of Orthopaedics and Traumatology. pp. 208-211. Oxford University Press, Oxford UK.

Bosch, P. P., Stevens, J. W., Noonan, K. J., Buckwalter, J. A. & Midura, R. J. (2002). Expression of CD44 in human neoplastic and normal hyaline cartilage. Iowa Ortho J, 22, 47-54. PMID: 12180611.

Buckwalter, J. A. (2002). Healing of Tendons and Ligaments. pp. 95. Asian Pacific 2002 Combined Orthopaedic Meeting Abstract Handbook.

Martin, J. A., Buckwalter, J. A. (2002). Human chondrocyte senescence and osteoarthritis. Biorheology, 39(1-2), 145-152. PMID: 12082277.

Martin, J. A., Buckwalter, J. A. (2002). Insulin-like Growth Factor Binding Protein 3 & Fibronectin Co-localize in Human Articular Cartilage. (Vols. 10). (Supplement A), pp. S33. Osteoarthritis and Cartilage.

Buckwalter, J. A., Brandser, E. A. & Robinson, R. A. (2002). Intramuscular Myxoma. In C. Bulstrode , J. A. Buckwalter & A. Carr , L. Marsh , J. Fairbank , J. Wilson-MacDonald , G. Bowen (Eds.) Oxford Textbook of Orthopaedics and Traumatology. pp. 142-144. Oxford University Press, Oxford UK.

Buckwalter, J. A., Brandser, E. A. & Robinson, R. A. (2002). Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis. In C. Bulstrode , J. A. Buckwalter & A. Carr , L. Marsh , J. Fairbank , J. Wilson-MacDonald , G. Bowen (Eds.) Oxford Textbook of Orthopaedics and Traumatology. pp. 176-177. Oxford University Press, Oxford UK.

Buckwalter, J. A., Woo, S. L. (2002). Ligaments. In J. C. DeLee , D. Drez , M. D. Miller (Eds.) Orthopaedic Sports Medicine Principles and Practice. pp. 39-49. Saunders, Philadelphia PA.

Buckwalter, J. A., Woo, S. L. (2002). Meniscus. In J. C. DeLee , D. Drez , M. D. Miller (Eds.) Orthopaedic Sports Medicine Principles and Practice. pp. 87-98. Saunders, Philadelphia PA.

Buckwalter, J. A., Weber, K. L. (2002). Musculoskeletal Tumors and Lesions that Resemble Tumors. In C. Bulstrode , J. A. Buckwalter , A. Carr , L. Marsh , J. Fairbank , J. Wilson-MacDonald , G. Bowen (Eds.) Oxford Textbook of Orthopaedics and Traumatology. pp. 100-104. Oxford University Press, Oxford UK.

Buckwalter, J. A. (2002). Orthopaedics 2020. pp. 42. Asian Pacific 2002 Combined Orthopaedic Meeting Abstract Handbook.

Martin, J. A., Buckwalter, J. A. (2002). Osteoarthritis and Chondrocyte Senescence. (Vols. 10). (Supplement A), pp. S33-34. Osteoarthritis and Cartilage.

Bulstrode, C., Buckwalter, J. A., Carr, A., Marsh, L., Fairbank, J., Wilson-McDonald, J., Bowen, G. (Eds.) (2002). Oxford Textbook of Orthopaedics and Traumatology. (Vols. 3). pp. 2,774 pages. Oxford University Press, Oxford UK.

Buckwalter, J. A., Martin, J. A. (2002). Promoting Articular Cartilage Repair. In G. C. Tsokos , L. W. Moreland , G. M. Kammer , P. J-P , J. Martel-Pelletier , S. Gay (Eds.) Modern Theraputics in Rheumatic Diseases. pp. 201-214. Humana Press, Totowa New Jersey.

Buckwalter, J. A. (2002). Repair and Regeneration of Articular Cartilage: Potential Applications in Osteoarthrits and Evaluation of Outcomes. (Vols. 10). (Supplement A), pp. S15. Osteoarthritis and Cartilage.

Buckwalter, K. C., Buckwalter, J. A. (2002). Seeing older perioperative patients in 3-D: when your patient is demented, delerius, or depressed. Operative Tech Ortho, 12, 64-71.

Tearse, D. S., Buckwalter, J. A., Marsh, J. L. & Brandser, E. A. (2002). Stress Fractures. In C. Bulstrode , J. A. Buckwalter , A. Carr & L. Marsh , J. Fairbank , J. Wilson-MacDonald , G. Bowen (Eds.) Oxford Textbook of Orthopaedics and Traumatology. pp. 1759-1766. Oxford University Press, Oxford UK.

Bostrom, M. P., Buckwalter, J. A. (2002). The Physiology of Aging. In K. J. Koval (Eds.) Orthopaedic Knowledge Update 7. pp. 85-93. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Rosemont IL.

Heiner, A. D., Brown, T. D., Rossin, V. & Buckwalter, J. A. (2001). Frictional insertion kinetics of bone biopsy needles. J Biomech Eng, 123(6), 629-634. PMID: 11783735.

Buckwalter, J. A., Callaghan, J. J. & Rosier, R. N. (2001). From oranges and lemons to glucosamine and chondroitin sulfate: clinical observations stimulate basic research. J Bone Joint Surg, 83(8), 1266-1268. PMID: 11507135.

Jones, D. M., Marsh, J. L., Nepola, J. V., Jacobs, J. J., Skipor, A. K., Urban, R. M., Gilbert, J. L. & Buckwalter, J. A. (2001). Focal osteolysis at the junctions of a modular stainless-steel femoral intramedullary nail. J Bone Joint Surg, 83A(4), 537-548. PMID: 11315782.

Martin, J. A., Buckwalter, J. A. (2001). Telomere erosion and senescence in human articular cartilage chondrocytes. J Gerontology: Biol Sci, 56A(4), B172-B179. PMID: 11283188.

Buckwalter, J. A., Stanish, W. D., Rosier, R. N., Schneck, R. C., Dennis, D. A. & Coutts, R. D. (2001). The increasing need for nonoperative treatment of osteoarthritis. Clin Ortho Rel Res,(385), 36-45. PMID: 11302324.

Buckwalter, J. A. (2001). Arthralgia among women – the importance of early diagnosis. J Musculoskeletal Med, 18(69-77).

Buckwalter, J. A., Einhorn, T. A. & Marsh, J. L. (2001). Bone and Joint Healing. In C. A. Rockwood , D. P. Green & R. W. Bucholz , J. D. Heckman (Eds.) Fractures, Fifth Edition. pp. 245-271. Lippincott, Philadelphia PA.

Buckwalter, J. A. (2001). Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain. In J. D. Corson , R. C. Williamson (Eds.) Surgery. pp. 7:17.3-17.4. Mosby, London.

Buckwalter, J. A., Mow, V. C. & Hunziker, E. B. (2001). Concepts of Cartilage Repair in Osteoarthritis. In R. Moskowitz , V. M. Goldberg & D. Howell , R. Altman , J. A. Buckwalter (Eds.) Osteoarthritis: Diagnosis and Medical/Surgical Management. (3), pp. 101-114. Saunders, Philadelphia PA.

Choi, W. S., Martin, J. A., Stevens, J. W., Found, E. F., Buckwalter, J. A. & Goel, V. J. (2001). Distinct responses of annulus fibrosus and nucleus pulposus cells to growth factors. (Vols. 26). pp. 890. Trans 47th Meeting of the Ortho Res Soc.

Buckwalter, J. A., Wright, T. M. (2001). Editorial: Publishers and the success of the Journal of Orthopaedic Research. J Ortho Res, 19(1), 1.

Kasra, M., Martin, J. A., Wang, S., Goel, V., Choi, W., English, T. & Buckwalter, J. A. (2001). Effect of dynamic hydrostatic pressure on intervertebral disc cells: a rabbit model. (Vols. 26). pp. 875. Trans 47th Meeting of the Ortho Res Soc.

Buckwalter, J. A., Callaghan, J. J. & Rosier, R. N. (2001). From Oranges and Lemons To Glucosamine and Chondroitin Sulfate: Clinical Observations Stimulate Basic Research. J Bone and Joint Surg, 83A, 1266-1268.

Buckwalter, J. A., Webber, K. L. (2001). Malignant Tumors of Bone and Soft Tissue. In J. D. Corson , R. C. Williamson (Eds.) Surgery. pp. 7:16.1-7:16.10. Mosby, London.

Buckwalter, J. A., Ballard, T. W. (2001). Operative Treatment of Arthritis. In J. H. Klippel (Eds.) Primer on the Rheumatic Diseases. pp. 613-623. Arthritis Foundation, Atlanta GA.

Moskowitz, R. W., Howell, D. S., Altman, R. D., Buckwalter, J. A., Goldberg, V. M. (Eds.) (2001). Osteoarthritis: Diagnosis and Medical/Surgical Management. (3), pp. 674 pages. Saunders, Philadelphia PA.

Martin, J. A., Buckwalter, J. A. (2001). Roles of articular cartilage aging and chondrocyte senescence in the pathogenesis of osteoarthritis. Iowa Ortho J, 21, 1-7. PMID: 11813939.

Buckwalter, J. A. (2001). Tendon, Ligament, Meniscus and Skeletal Muscle Healing. In C. A. Rockwood , D. P. Green , R. W. Bucholz , J. D. Heckman (Eds.) Fractures. (5), pp. 273-284. Lippincott, Philadelphia PA.

Wolf, B. R., Buckwalter, J. A. (2001). Tibial stress fracture following fibular graft harvesting. Iowa Ortho J, 21, 68-72. PMID: 11813954.

Buckwalter, J. A. (2000). Advancing the science and art of orthopaedics- lessons from history. J Bone Joint Surg, 82A(12), 1782-1803. PMID: 11130651.

Callaghan, J. J., Buckwalter, J. A. & Schenk, R. C. (2000). Argument against use of food additives for osteoarthritis of the hip. Clin Ortho Rel Res,(381), 88-90. PMID: 11127674.

Felson, D. T., Lawrence, R. C., Dieppe, P. A., Hirsch, R., Helmick, C. G., Jordan, J. M., Kington, R. S., Lane, N. E., Nevitt, M. C., Zhang, Y., Sowers, M., McAlindon, T., Spector, T., Poole, A. R., Ynovski, S. Z., Ateshian, G., Sharma, L., Buckwalter, J. A., Brandt, K. & Fries, J. F. (2000). Osteoarthritis: New insights, Part I. The Disease and its risk factors. Ann Intern Med, 133(8), 635-646. PMID: 11033593.

Mehr, D., Pardubsky, P. D., Martin, J. A. & Buckwalter, J. A. (2000). Tenascin-C in tendon regions subjected to compression. J Ortho Res, 18(4), 537-545. PMID: 11052489.

Buckwalter, J. A. (2000). Arthur Steinder – Scholar, Teacher and Clinician. Clin Ortho Rel Res,(374), 171-182. PMID: 10818977.

Saltzman, C. L., Mcliff, T. E., Buckwalter, J. A. & Brown, T. D. (2000). Total ankle revisited. J Orthop Sports Phys Therapy, 30(2), 56-67. PMID: 10693083.

Herdon, J. H., Buckwalter, J. A. & Simon, M. A. (2000). American Orthopaedic Association - A Distinguished Tradition. Ortho Today, 20, 92-95.

Herndon, J. H., Buckwalter, J. A. & Simon, M. A. (2000). American Orthopaedic Association – a distinguished tradition. Ortho Today, 20, 92-95.

Mankin, H. J., Mow, V. C. & Buckwalter, J. A. (2000). Articular Cartilage Repair and Osteoarthritis. In J. A. Buckwalter , T. Einhorn & S. Simon (Eds.) Orthopaedic Basic Science - The Biology and Biomechanics of the Musculoskeletal System. pp. 471-488. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Rosemont, IL.

Mankin, H. J., Mow, V. C. & Buckwalter, J. A. (2000). Articular Cartilage Structure, Composition and Function. In J. A. Buckwalter , T. Einhorn & S. Simon (Eds.) Orthopaedic Basic Science - The Biology and Biomechanics of the Musculoskeletal System. pp. 443-470. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Rosemont, IL.

Mandelbaum, B. R., Teurlings, L. & Buckwalter, J. A. (2000). Bone Adaptation to Exercise. In W. E. Garrett , K. P. Speer & D. T. Kirkendall (Eds.) Principles and Practice of Orthopaedic Sports Medicine. pp. 75-85. Lippincott Williams and Wilkens, Philadelphia, PA.

Martin, J. A., Scherb, M. B., Lembke, L. A. & Buckwalter, J. A. (2000). Damage control mechanisms in articular cartilage: the role of the insulin-like growth factor I axis. Iowa Ortho J, 20, 1-10. PMID: 10934618.

Morcuende, J. A., Dobbs, M. B., Crawford, H. & Buckwalter, J. A. (2000). Diabetic muscle infarction. Iowa Ortho J, 20, 65-74. PMID: 10934627.

Heiner, A. D., Brown, T. D., Rossin, V. & Buckwalter, J. A. (2000). Frictional insertion kinetics of bone biopsy needles. (Vols. 25). pp. 1106. Trans 46th Meeting of the Ortho Res Soc.

Martin, J. A., Schroder, A. & Buckwalter, J. A. (2000). IGF binding protein-3 interacts with cartilage matrix proteins. (Vols. 25). pp. 1045. Trans 46th Meeting of the Ortho Res Soc.

Buckwalter, J. A., Boden, S. D., Eyre, D. R., Mow, V. C. & Weidenbaum, M. (2000). Intervertebral Disc Aging, Degeneration and Herniation. In J. A. Buckwalter , T. Einhorn , S. Simon (Eds.) Orthopaedic Basic Science - The Biology and Biomechanics of the Musculoskeletal System. pp. 557-566. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Rosemont, IL.

Buckwalter, J. A., Boden, S. D., Eyre, D. R., Mow, V. C. & Weidenbaum, M. (2000). Intervertebral Disc Structure, Composition and Function. In J. A. Buckwalter , T. Einhorn , S. Simon (Eds.) Orthopaedic Basic Science - The Biology and Biomechanics of the Musculoskeletal System. pp. 547-556. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Rosemont, IL.

Buckwalter, J. A., Einhorn, T., Simon, S. (Eds.) (2000). Orthopaedic Basic Science: The Biology and Biomechanics of the Musculoskeletal System. pp. 872 pages. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Rosemont, IL.

Felson, D. T., Lawrence, R. C., Dieppe, P. A., Hirsch, R., Helmick, C. G., Jordan, J. M., Kington, R. S., Lane, N. E., Nevitt, M. C., Zhang, Y., Sowers, M., McAlindon, T., Spector, T., Poole, A. R., Ynovski, S. Z., Ateshian, G., Sharma, L., Buckwalter, J. A., Brandt, K. & Fries, J. F. (2000). Osteoarthritis: New insights, Part 1. The Disease and its risk facotrs. Ann Int Med, 133, 635-646.

Buckwalter, J. A., Martin, J. A. & Mankin, H. J. (2000). Synovial Joint Degeneration and the Syndrome of Osteoarthritis. Instructional Course Lectures, 49, 481-489. PMID: 10829201.

Buckwalter, J. A., Lappin, D. R. (2000). The disproportionate impact of chronic arthralgia and arthritis among women. Clin Orthop Rel Res,(372), 159-168. PMID: 10738425.

Martin, J. A., Buckwalter, J. A. (2000). The role of chondrocyte-matrix interactions in maintaining and repairing articular cartilage. Biorheology, 37(1-2), 129-140. PMID: 10912185.

Martin, J. A., Buckwalter, J. A. (2000). The role of chondrocyte-matrix interactions in maintaining and repairing articular cartilage. In J. F. Stoltz (Eds.) Mechanobiology-Cartilage and Chondrocyte. pp. 129-140. I.O.S. Press, Amsterdam.

Buckwalter, J., Coutts, R., Hunziker, E. & Mow, V. C. (1999). Commentary: Articular cartilage. Clin Ortho Rel Res,(367 Suppl), 239-243.

Buckwalter, J. A. (1999). Evaluating methods of restoring cartilaginous articular surfaces. Clin Orthop Rel Res,(367S), 224-238. PMID: 10546649.

Lane, N. E., Buckwalter, J. A. (1999). Exercise and osteoarthritis. Current Opinion in Rheumatology, 11(5), 413-416. PMID: 10503663.

Wright, T. M., Buckwalter, J. A. & Hayes, W. C. (1999). Editorial: Writing for the Journal of Orthopaedic Research. J Ortho Res, 17(4), 459-466. PMID: 10459750.

Buckwalter, J. A. (1999). Editorial: Alfred R. Shands, Jr. (1899-1981) Responsibility and research in Orthopaedic Surgery. J Ortho Res, 17(3), 307-308.

Buckwalter, J. A. (1999). The critical role of articular cartilage aging in the development of osteoarthritis and in the results of efforts to restore cartilagenous articular surfaces. Osgood Lecture, Harvard Orthopaedic Journal, 1, 28-32.

Swiontkowski, M. F., Buckwalter, J. A., Keller, R. B. & Haralson, R. (1999). The outcomes movement in orthopaedic surgery: where are we and where we should go. J Bone Joint Surg, 81A(5), 732-740. PMID: 10360703.

Hurwitz, S. R., Buckwalter, J. A. (1999). Editorial: The orthopaedic surgeon scientist: an endangered species. J Ortho Res, 17, 155-156.

Buckwalter, J. A. (1999). Effects of early motion on healing of musculoskeletal tissues. Hand Clinics, 12(1), 13-24. PMID: 8655614.

Buckwalter, J. A., Saltzman, C. L. (1999). Ankle Osteoarthritis: Distinctive Characteristics. Instr Course Lectures, 48, 233-241. PMID: 10098048.

Buckwalter, J. A., Hunziker, E. B. (1999). Articular Cartilage Morphology and Biology. In C. W. Archer , B. Caterson , M. Benjamin , J. R. Ralphs (Eds.) Biology of the Synovial Joint. pp. 75-100. Harwood Academic Publishers, Amsterdam.

Buckwalter, J. A., Brand, R. A. (1999). Editorial: Arthur Steindler and orthopaedic research. J Ortho Res, 17(1), 1-2. PMID: 10073640.

Buckwalter, J. A. (1999). Introduction: Evolution of erythropoetin (rHuEPO) and blood management in Orthopedics. Orthopedics, 22, s103-s104.

Martin, J. A., Heiner, A. D., Brown, T. D., Schroder, A., Brand, R. A. & Buckwalter, J. A. (1999). Mechanical stress induces proMMP-3 protein expression in human articular cartilage. (Vols. 24). pp. 624. Trans 45th Meeting of the Ortho Res Soc.

Buckwalter, J. A. (1999). Musculoskeletal Soft Tissues. In M. E. Baratz , A. D. Watson , J. E. Imbriglia (Eds.) Orthopaedic Surgery: The Essentials. pp. 49-64. Thieme, New York.

Buckwalter, J. A. (1999). New Approaches to Articular Cartilage Repair and Regeneration. In C. W. Archer , B. Caterson , M. Benjamin , J. R. Ralphs (Eds.) Biology of the Synovial Joint. pp. 201-221. Harwood Academic Publishers, Amsterdam.

Buckwalter, J. A. (1999). Osteoarthritis – a disease caused by “wear and tear?”. Ortho Today, 19, 3-4.

Dobbs, M. B., Buckwalter, J. & Saltzman, C. (1999). Osteoporosis – the increasing role of the orthopaedist. Iowa Ortho J, 19, 43-52. PMID: 10847516.

Saltzman, C. L., Buckwalter, J. A. (1999). Overview: Ankle Arthritis: Emerging Concepts and Management Strategies. In Instructional Course Lectures. (Vols. 48). pp. 231. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Rosemont IL.

Koepp, H., Eger, W., Muehleman, C., Valdellon, A., Buckwalter, J. A., Keuttner, K. E. & Cole, A. A. (1999). Prevalence of articular cartilage degeneration in the ankle and knee joints of human organ donors. J Orthop Science, 4(6), 407-412. PMID: 10664423.

Buckwalter, J. A. (1999). Reg Cooper. Iowa Ortho J, 19, 1-10. PMID: 10847510.

Buckwalter, J. A. (1999). Rest vs activity in the treatment of patients with injured muscles, bones and joints. Medical University of South Carolina Orthopaedic Journal, II, 32-33.

Buckwalter, J. A., Grodzinsky, A. J. (1999). The effects of loading on healing bone, fibrous tissue and muscle: clinical implications. J Amer Acad Ortho Surg, 7(5), 291-299. PMID: 10504356.

Buckwalter, J. A., Brandser, E. & Robinson, R. A. (1999). The variable presentation and natural history of Langerhans cell histiocytosis. Iowa Ortho J, 19, 99-105. PMID: 10847523.

Buckwalter, J. A., Wright, T. M. (1998). Editorial: Scientific progress and dissemination of research results: abstracts versus peer-reviewed publications. J Ortho Res, 16, 643-644. PMID: 9877385.

Martin, J. A., Buckwalter, J. A. (1998). Effects of fibronectin on articular cartilage chondrocyte proteoglycan synthesis and response to IGF-I. J Ortho Res, 16(6), 752-757. PMID: 9877401.

Buckwalter, J. A. (1998). Articular cartilage injuries and potential for healing. J Ortho Sports Phys Therapy, 28, 192-203. PMID: 9785255.

Buckwalter, J. A., Mankin, H. J. (1998). Articular cartilage repair and transplantation. Arth Rheum, 41(8), 1331-1342. PMID: 9704631.

Noonan, K. J., Hunzkier, E. B., Nessler, J. & Buckwalter, J. A. (1998). Changes in cell, matrix compartment and fibrillar collagen volumes between growth plate zones. J Ortho Res, 16(4), 500-508. PMID: 9747793.

Buckwalter, K. C., Buckwalter, J. A. (1998). Acute cognitive dysfunction (Delerium). Arch Amer Acad Ortho Surg, 2, 9-19.

Buckwalter, J. A., Hunzkier, E. B. (1998). Articular Cartilage Biology and Healing. In R. J. Johnson , J. Lombardo (Eds.) Current Review of Sports Medicine. pp. 133-149. Current Medicine, Philadelphia PA.

Buckwalter, J. A., Mankin, H. J. (1998). Articular Cartilage: Degeneration and Osteoarthritis, Repair, Regeneration and Transplantation. Instr Course Lectures, 47, 487-504. PMID: 9571450.

Buckwalter, J. A., Mankin, H. J. (1998). Articular Cartilage: Tissue design and Chondrocyte-Matrix Interactions. Instr Course Lectures, 47, 477-486. PMID: 9571449.

Athanasiou, K. A., Rosenwasser, M. P., Buckwalter, J. A., Olmstead, M. & Mow, V. C. (1998). Biomechanical modeling of repair articular cartilage: effects of passive motion on osteochondral defects in monkey knee joints. Tissue Engineering, 4(2), 185-195.

Buckwalter, K. C., Buckwalter, J. A. (1998). Chronic cognitive dysfunction (Dementia). Arch Amer Acad Ortho Surg, 2, 20-32.

Buckwalter, J. A. (1998). Do intervertebral discs deserve their bad reputation?. Iowa Ortho J, 18, 1-11. PMID: 9807702.

Pardubsky, P. D., Harris, C. L., Buckwalter, J. A., Brand, R. A. & Martin, J. A. (1998). Does Tenascin-C Help Chondrocytes Adapt to Mechanical Stress. pp. 214. Transactions of the Third Combined Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Societies of the USA, Canada, Europe and Japan, Hamamatsu, Japan.

Buckwalter, J. A. (1998). Epiphyseal and Physeal Proteoglycans. In J. A. Buckwalter , M. G. Ehrlich , L. J. Sandell , S. B. Trippel (Eds.) Skeletal Growth and Development: Clinical Issues and Basic Science Advances. pp. 225-240. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Rosemont IL.

Buckwalter, J. A., Lane, N. E. (1998). Exercise and the risk of osteoarthritis. Amer J Med Sports Premier, 55-58.

Lin, P. P., Buckwalter, J. A., Olmstead, M. & Caterson, B. (1998). Expression of proteoglycan epitopes in articular cartilage repair tissue. Iowa Ortho J, 18, 12-18. PMID: 9807703.

Buckwalter, J. A., Mooney, V. & Buckwalter, K. C. (1998). Loss of conditioning and mobility. Arch Amer Acad Ortho Surg, 2, 97-102.

Buckwalter, J. A., Brandser, E. A. (1998). Metastatic disease of the skeleton. (Vols. 4). pp. 9-12. Bone Depeche.

Khoury, J. G., Brandser, E. A., Found, E. M. & Buckwalter, J. A. (1998). Non-traumatic lesser trochanter avulsion: a report of three cases. Iowa Ortho J, 18, 150-154. PMID: 9807723.

Buckwalter, J. A. (1998). Overview: Disturbances of Skeletal Morphogenesis and Growth. In J. A. Buckwalter , M. G. Ehrlich , L. J. Sandell , S. B. Trippel (Eds.) In Skeletal Growth and Development: Clinical Issues and Basic Science Advances. pp. 377-378. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Rosemont IL.

Buckwalter, J. A. (1998). Overview: The changing practice of orthopaedic sports medicine - new populations of athletes and new treatments. In K. M. Chan , F. Fu , N. Maffulli , C. Rolf , M. Kurosaka , S. Liu (Eds.) In Controversies in Orthopaedic Sports Medicine. pp. 615-616. Williams and Wilkins Asia-Pacific, New Territories, Hong Kong.

Buckwalter, J. A., Ehrlich, M. G., Sandell, L. J. & Trippel, S. B. (1998). Preface - Skeletal Growth and Development: Clinical Issues and Basic Science Advances. In J. A. Buckwalter , M. G. Ehrlich , L. J. Sandell & S. B. Trippel (Eds.) In Skeletal Growth and Development: Clinical Issues and Basic Science Advances. pp. xvii-xix. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Rosemont IL.

Buckwalter, J. A., Fuchs, E. V., Holbrook, K. A., Lipsky, P., Steitz, J. A. & Teitlebaum, S. L. (1998). Report of the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIAMS) Intramural Research Program (IRP) Review Committee. pp. 42 pages. National Institute of Arthritis, Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases. Bethesda MD.

Buckwalter, J. A., Ehrlich, M. G., Sandell, L. J., Trippel, S. B. (Eds.) (1998). Skeletal Growth and Development: Clinical Issues and Basic Science Advances. pp. 688 pages. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Rosemont IL.

Hoffman, R. D., Buckwalter, J. A. (1998). Spontaneous calf hematoma: a report of two cases diagnosed with MRI. Iowa Ortho J, 18, 142-145. PMID: 9807721.

Buckwalter, J. A., Lohmander, S. (1998). Surgical Approaches to Restoring Articular Cartilage. In K. D. Brandt , M. Doherty , S. L. Lohmander (Eds.) Osteoarthritis. pp. 378-388. Oxford University Press, Oxford UK.

Neyt, J. G., Buckwalter, J. A. & Carroll, N. C. (1998). Use of animal models in musculoskeletal research. Iowa Ortho J, 18, 118-123. PMID: 9807717.

Buckwalter, J. A., Brandser, E. A. (1997). Stress and insufficiency fractures. Am Fam Phys, 56(1), 175-182. PMID: 9225673.

Martin, J. A., Ellerbroek, S. M. & Buckwalter, J. A. (1997). The age-related decline in chondrocyte response to insulin-like growth factor-I: The role of growth factor binding proteins. J Ortho Res, 15, 491-498. PMID: 9379257.

Buckwalter, J. A., Brandser, E. A. (1997). Metastatic disease of the skeleton. Am Fam Phys, 55(5), 1761-1768. PMID: 9105203.

Buckwalter, J. A., Wright, T. M., Frank, C. B., Martin, R. B., Sandell, L. J. & Trippel, S. B. (1997). Editorial: Scientific credibility requires complete presentation of methods. J Ortho Res, 15, 161.

Wright, T. M., Buckwalter, J. A., Frank, C. B., Martin, R. B., Sandell, L. J. & Trippel, S. B. (1997). Abbreviations, acronyms and jargon in the journal. Journal of Orthopaedic Research, 15, 323.

Buckwalter, J. A., Mankin, H. J. (1997). Articular cartilage I. Tissue design and chondrocyte-matrix interactions. J Bone Joint Surg, 79A, 600-611.

Buckwalter, J. A., Mankin, H. J. (1997). Articular cartilage II. Degeneration and osteoarthrosis, repair, regeneration and transplantation. J Bone Joint Surg, 79A, 612-632.

(1997). Cartilage Proteoglycan Aggregate. In An Electronic Companion to Biochemistry. Wells MA. Cognito Learning Media, NY, Carbohydrates – Real Life Examples.

Buckwalter, J. A., Lane, N. E. (1997). Chondral and osteochondral injuries: mechanisms of injury and repair response. Am J Sports Med, 25, 873-881.

Buckwalter, J. A. (1997). Chondral and osteochondral injuries: mechanisms of injury and repair response. Operative Techniques in Orthopaedic Surgery, 7, 263-269.

Buckwalter, J. A. (1997). Compartment Syndromes. In J. H. Klippel , P. A. Dieppe (Eds.) Rheumatology. pp. 14, 19-20. Mosby, London.

Buckwalter, J. A. (1997). Decreased mobility of aging: exercise is the antidote. Phys & Sportsmed, 25, 126-136.

Buckwalter, J. A., Lane, N. E. (1997). Does participation in sports cause osteoarthritis?. Iowa Ortho J, 17, 80-89. PMID: 9234978.

Wright, T. M., Buckwalter, J. A., Frank, C. B., Martin, R. B., Sandell, L. J. & Trippel, S. B. (1997). Editorial: Abreviations, acronyms and jargon in the journal. J Ortho Res, 15(3), 323.

Martin, J. A., Schnieders, M., Ellerbroek, S. & Buckwalter, J. A. (1997). Inhibition of IGF-I responses in human osteoarthritic cartilage: a cause for the progression of cartilage degeneration. (Vols. 22). pp. 498. Trans 43rd Meeting of the Ortho Res Soc.

Buckwalter, J. A. (1997). Maintaining and Restoring Mobility in Middle and Old Age: The Importance of the Soft Tissues. In AAOS Instructional Course Lectures. pp. 459-469. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Rosemont, IL.

Dieppe, P., Buckwalter, J. A. (1997). Management of Limb Osteoarthritis. In Rheumatology. (9), pp. 1-10. Mosby, London.

Buckwalter, J. A. (1997). Musculoskeletal Pain Due to Metastatic Disease. In J. H. Klippel , P. A. Dieppe (Eds.) Rheumatology. pp. 15-16. Mosby, London.

Marsh, J. L., Hill, G. & Buckwalter, J. (1997). Necrotic muscle at fasciotomy. (Vols. 21). pp. 545. Ortho Trans.

Morcuende, J. A., Buckwalter, J. A. (1997). New advances in the molecular biology of musculoskeletal neoplasms. Iowa Ortho J, 17, 115-120. PMID: 9234983.

Buckwalter, J. A. (1997). New Approaches to Cartilage Repair and Regeneration. (Vols. 36). (2), pp. 89. Connective Tiss Res.

Ballard, W. T., Buckwalter, J. A. (1997). Operative Treatment of Arthritis. In J. Klippel (Eds.) Primer on the Rheumatic Diseases. (11), pp. 443-449. Arthritis Foundation, Atlanta.

Goldberg, V. M., Buckwalter, J. A., Hayes, W. C. & Koval, K. J. (1997). Orthopaedic Challenges in an Aging Population. In AAOS Instructional Course Lectures. pp. 417-422. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Rosemont, IL.

Buckwalter, J. A. (1997). Pain Caused by Stress or Insufficiency Fractures. In J. H. Klippel , P. A. Dieppe (Eds.) Rheumatology. (43), pp. 6-7. Mosby, London.

Buckwalter, J. A., Ballard, W. T. & Brooks, P. M. (1997). Principles of Arthritis Surgery. In J. H. Klippel , P. A. Dieppe (Eds.) Rheumatology. (12), pp. 1-12. Mosby, London.

Brooks, P. M., Buckwalter, J. A. (1997). Principles of Managment of Patients with Rheumatic Disease. In J. H. Klippel , P. A. Dieppe (Eds.) Rheumatology. (1), pp. 1-4. Mosby, London.

Klippel, J. H., Dieppe, P. A., Buckwalter, J. A., Peterfy, C. (Eds.) (1997). Rheumatology Second Edition. Mosby, London.

Buckwalter, J. A. (1997). Stuart Weinstein - Advancing the specialty of orthopaedics. Iowa Ortho J, 17, v-xii. PMID: 9234968.

Newton, P. M., Mow, V. C., Buckwalter, J. A. & Albright, J. A. (1997). The effect of life long exercise on canine articular cartilage. Am J Sports Med, 25(3), 282-287. PMID: 9167804.

Callaghan, J. J., Buckwalter, J. A. (1997). Total Hip Replacement in Young People. In J. H. Klippel , P. A. Dieppe (Eds.) Rheumatology. (10-11) Mosby, London.

Buckwalter, J. A. (1997). Understanding Articular Cartilage: Structure, Metabolism, Response to Injury and Exercise, and Osteoarthritis. pp. 202-204. Proceedings National Athletic Trainers Association 48th Annual Meeting.

Buckwalter, J. A. (1997). Were the Hunter brothers wrong? Can surgical treatments repair articular cartilage?. Iowa Ortho J, 17, 1-13. PMID: 9234969.

Altman, R., Brandt, K., Hochberg, M., Moskowitz, R., Bellamy, N., Bloch, D. A., Buckwalter, J. A., Dougados, M., Ehrlich, G., Lequesne, M., Lohmander, S., Murphy, W. A., Rosario-Jansen, T., Schwartz, B. & Trippel, S. (1996). Design and conduct of clinical trials in patients with osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis Cartilage, 4(4), 217-243. PMID: 11048620.

Buckwalter, J. A., Hunziker, E. B. (1996). Healing of bones, cartilages, tendons and ligaments: a new era. Lancet, 348(suppl 2), sll18. PMID: 8973496.

Buckwalter, J. A. (1996). Introduction: A new challenge for sports medicine: the aging athlete. Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review, 4(3), 203-204.

Bucholz, R. W., Buckwalter, J. A. (1996). Orthopaedic Surgery. JAMA, 275(23), 1836-1837. PMID: 8642738.

Tang, L. H., Buckwalter, J. A. & Rosenberg, L. C. (1996). The effect of link protein concentration on articular cartilage proteoglycan aggregation. J Ortho Res, 14(2), 334-339. PMID: 8648515.

Buckwalter, J. A. (1996). Joint distraction for osteoarthritis. Lancet, 347(8997), 279-280. PMID: 8569359.

Buckwalter, J. A. (1996). New methods of treating chondral defects in the knee. AOSSM Sports Medicine Update, 10.

Buckwalter, J. A., Woo, S. L. (1996). Age related changes in ligaments and joint capsules: Implications for participation in sports. Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review, 4, 250-262.

Martin, J. A., Buckwalter, J. A. (1996). Age, Fibronectin and Cell Shape Affect Chondrocyte Responses to IGF-I.Transactions of The Biology of the Synovial Joint. pp. 64. University of Wales Cardiff, Wales.

Martin, J. A., Buckwalter, J. A. (1996). Aging and articular cartilage degeneration. Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review, 4, 263-275.

Buckwalter, J. A., Lane, N. E. (1996). Aging, sports and osteoarthritis. Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review, 4, 276-287.

Buckwalter, J. A. (1996). Bone and Soft Tissue Neoplasms. In A. L. Harwood-Nuss , C. H. Linden , R. C. Luten , S. M. Sheperd , A. B. Wolfson (Eds.) he Clinical Practice of Emergency Medicine. (2), pp. 207-211. Lippincott, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Buckwalter, J. A., Glimcher, M. J., Cooper, R. R. & Recker, R. (1996). Bone Biology I: Structure, Blood Supply, Cells, Matrix and Mineralization. In AAOS Instructional Course Lectures. pp. 371-386. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Rosemont. PMID: 8727757.

Buckwalter, J. A., Glimcher, M. J., Cooper, R. R. & Recker, R. (1996). Bone Biology II: Formation, Form, Modeling, Remodeling and Regulation of Cell Function. In AAOS Instructional Course Lectures. pp. 387-399. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Rosemont, IL. PMID: 8727758.

Buckwalter, J. A. (1996). Cartilage researchers tell progress: Technologies hold promise, but caution urged. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Bulletin, 44(2), 24-26.

Buckwalter, J. A., Wright, T. (1996). Co-editor. Journal of Orthopaedic Research, 14, 1.

Buckwalter, J. A. (1996). Editorial: Regenerating articular cartilage: why the sudden interest?. Orthopaedics Today, 16, 4-5.

Mankin, H. J., Buckwalter, J. A. (1996). Editorial: Restoring the osteoarthrotic joint. J Bone Joint Surg, 78(1), 1-2.

Spirt, A. A., Brand, R. A., Buckwalter, J. A. & Mohler, C. G. (1996). Enhancing the reliability of a valid histologic grading scale for articular cartilage repair. (Vols. 21). pp. 542. Trans 42rd Meeting of the Ortho Res Soc.

Martin, J. A., Buckwalter, J. A. (1996). Fibronectin and cell shape affect age-related decline in chondrocyte synthetic response to IGF-I. (Vols. 21). pp. 306. Trans 42nd Meeting Ortho Res Soc.

Buckwalter, J. A., Einhorn, T. A., Bolander, M. E. & Cruess, R. L. (1996). Healing of the Musculoskeletal Tissues. In C. A. Rockwood , D. P. Green , R. W. Bucholz & J. D. Heckman (Eds.) Fractures. (4), pp. 261-304. Lippincott, Philadelphia PA.

Brandser, E. A., Buckwalter, J. A. (1996). Imaging studies for diagnosing stress and insufficiency fractures. Iowa Orthop J, 16, 70-78. PMID: 9129276.

Pardubsky, P. D., Martin, J. A. & Buckwalter, J. A. (1996). Increased Loading Increases Tenascin Concentration in Human Tibial Articular Cartilage. pp. 96. Transactions of The Biology of the Synovial Joint, University of Wales Cardiff, Wales.

Buckwalter, J. A., Martin, J. A. (1996). Intervertebral Disc Degeneration and Back Pain. In J. W. Weinstein , S. L. Gordon (Eds.) New Approaches to Low Back Pain. pp. 607-623. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Rosemont, IL.

Buckwalter, J. A. (1996). Joint Distraction for Osteoarthritis. The Lancet, 347, 279-280.

Buckwalter, J. A. (1996). New Approaches to Cartilage Repair and Regeneration. Transactions of The Biology of the Synovial Joint. pp. 10. University of Wales Cardiff, Wales.

Bucholz, R. W., Buckwalter, J. A. (1996). Orthopaedics. JAMA, 275, 1836-1837.

Buckwalter, J. A. (1996). Overview: Basic and applied science issues of idiopathic low back pain. In J. N. Weinstein , S. L. Gordon (Eds.) In Low Back Pain: A Scientific and Clinical Overview. pp. 475-477. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Rosemont, IL.

Buckwalter, J. A., Glimcher, M. J., Cooper, R. R. & Recker, R. (1996). Reply to letter to the editor: Bone Biology, Part II. formation, form, modeling and remodeling. J Bone Joint Surg 77A:1276-1289, 1995; Buckwalter JA, Glimcher MJ, Cooper RR, Recker R. J Bone Joint Surg, 78A, 1945-1946.

Buckwalter, J. A. (1996). The evidence for overuse/overloading of joints in the genesis and progression of osteoarthritis. Current Orthopaedics, 10, 220-224.

Buckwalter, J. A. (1996). Timothy Wright, Co-Editor of the Journal of Orthopaedic Research. Journal of Orthopaedic Research, 14, 1.

Martin, J., Brandser, E. A., Shin, M. J. & Buckwalter, J. A. (1995). Fatigue fracture of the sacrum in a child. Can Assoc Radiol J, 46(6), 468-470. PMID: 7583730.

Buckwalter, J. A. (1995). Pharmacologic treatment of soft tissue injuries. J Bone Joint Surg, 77A(12), 1902-1914. PMID: 8550662.

Buckwalter, J. A. (1995). Aging and degeneration of the human intervertebral disc. Spine, 20(11), 1307-1314. PMID: 7660243.

Buckwalter, J. A. (1995). The challenge of success for the Journal of Orthopaedic Research. J Orthop Res, 13(3), 307-308. PMID: 7602390.

Krieg, J. C., Buckwalter, J. A., Peterson, K. K., El-Khoury, G. Y. & Robinson, R. A. (1995). Extensive growth of an osteochondroma in a skeletally mature patient. J Bone Joint Surg, 77A(2), 269-273. PMID: 7844135.

Buckwalter, J. A. (1995). Osteoarthritis and articular cartilage use, disuse and abuse: experimental studies. J Rheumatol, 22(Suppl 43), 13-15. PMID: 7752117.

Hart, R. A., Diamandakis, V., El-Khoury, G. & Buckwalter, J. A. (1995). A stress fracture of the scapular body in a child. Iowa Orthop J, 15, 228-232. PMID: 7634039.

Buckwalter, J. A. (1995). Activity vs rest in the treatment of bone, soft tissue and joint injuries. Iowa Orthop J, 15, 29-42. PMID: 7634042.

Buckwalter, J. A., Glimcher, M. J., Cooper, R. R. & Recker, R. (1995). Bone biology. part I. structure, blood supply, cells, matrix and mineralization. J Bone Joint Surg, 77A, 1256-1275.

Buckwalter, J. A., Glimcher, M. J., Cooper, R. R. & Recker, R. (1995). Bone biology. part II. formation, form, modeling and remodeling. J Bone Joint Surg, 77A, 1276-1289.

Buckwalter, J. A., Martin, J. (1995). Degenerative Joint Disease. In Clinical Symposia. (2), pp. 2-32. Medical Education and Publications Ciba-Geigy, Summit, NJ.

Buckwalter, J. A. (1995). Editorial: Should bone, soft-tissue and joint injuries be treated with rest or activity?. J Orthop Res, 13, 155-156.

Buckwalter, J. A. (1995). Editorial: The Editorship of Wilson Hayes. J Orthop Res, 13, 813.

Buckwalter, J. A., Lane, N. E. & Gordon, S. L. (1995). Exercise as a Cause of Osteoarthritis. In K. E. Keuttner , V. M. Goldberg (Eds.) Osteoarthritic Disorders. pp. 405-417. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Rosemont, IL.

Bosch, P. P., Buckwalter, J. A., Midura, R. J. & Stevens, J. W. (1995). Identification of CD44 isoforms expressed in chondrocytes from normal and neoplastic cartilage. (Vols. 20). pp. 392. Trans 41st Meeting Ortho Res Soc.

Buckwalter, J. A. (1995). Overview: Molecular versus tissue, versus organ repair (functional repair). In K. E. Keuttner , V. M. Goldberg (Eds.) In Osteoarthritic Disorders. pp. 311-313. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Rosemont, IL.

Buckwalter, J. A. (1995). Peer review of scientific articles. J Orthop Res, 13, 1.

Dieppe, P., Altman, R. D., Buckwalter, J. A., Felson, D. T., Hascall, V., Lohmander, L. S., Peterfly, C. G., Roos, H. & Keuttner, K. E. (1995). Standardization of methods used to assess the progression of osteoarthritis of the hip or knee joints. In K. E. Keuttner , V. M. Goldberg (Eds.) Osteoarthritic Disorders. pp. 481-496. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Rosemont, IL.

Buckwalter, J. A., Lohmander, S. (1995). Surgical Treatment of Osteoarthritis. In K. E. Keuttner , V. M. Goldberg (Eds.) Osteoarthritic Disorders. pp. 379-394. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Rosemont, IL.

Buckwalter, J. A., Lohmander, S. (1994). Operative treatment of osteoarthrosis: Current practice and future development. J Bone Joint Surg, 76A, 1405-1418. PMID: 8077274.

Buckwalter, J. A., Roughley, P. J. & Rosenberg, L. C. (1994). Age-related changes in cartilage proteoglycans: Quantitative electron microscopic studies. Micros Res Tech, 28(5), 398-408. PMID: 7919527.

Buckwalter, J. A., Callaghan, J. J. & Blair, W. F. (1994). Adrian E Flatt - Surgeon and Scholar. Iowa Orthop J, 14, 22-30. PMID: 7719774.

Martin, J. A., Buckwalter, J. A. (1994). Age-related changes in the growth factor sensitivity of articular cartilage. pp. 2. Program Fifth Annual Geriatric Research Conference, University of Iowa.

(1994). Cartilage Proteoglycan Aggregate. In Biochemistry. Moran LA, Scrimgeor KG. pp. 9-43. Neil Patterson N, Englewood Cliffs, NJ.

Buckwalter, J. A., Woo, L. (1994). Effects of Medications in Sports Injuries. In J. C. DeLee , D. Drez (Eds.) Orthopaedic Sports Medicine: Principles and Practice. pp. 73-81. Saunders, Philadelphia, PA.

Buckwalter, J. A., Woo, L. (1994). Effects of Repetitive Loading and Motion on the Musculoskeletal Tissues. In J. C. DeLee , D. Drez (Eds.) Orthopaedic Sports Medicine: Principles and Practice. pp. 60-72. Saunders, Philadelphia, PA.

Mankin, H. J., Mow, V. C., Buckwalter, J. A., Iannotti, J. P. & Radcliff, A. (1994). Form and Function of Articular Cartilage. In S. R. Simon (Eds.) Orthopaedic Basic Science. pp. 1-44. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Rosemont, IL.

Buckwalter, J. A., Mow, V. C. (1994). Injuries to Meniscus. In J. C. DeLee , D. Drez (Eds.) Orthopaedic Sports Medicine: Principles and Practice. pp. 108-121. Saunders, Philadelphia, PA.

Buckwalter, J. A. (1994). Joint Over-loading and osteoarthritis. A Cause and Effect Relationship. Program Combined Meeting of the Australian New Zealand Orthopaedic Research Society.

Buckwalter, J. A., Woo, L. (1994). Ligaments. In J. C. DeLee , D. Drez (Eds.) Orthopaedic Sports Medicine: Principles and Practice. pp. 46-59. Saunders , Philadelphia, PA.

Buckwalter, J. A. (1994). Musculoskeletal Neoplasms and Disorders that Resemble Neoplasms. In S. L. Weinstein , J. A. Buckwalter (Eds.) Turek's Orthopaedics: Principles and Their Application. pp. 289-338. Lippincott, Philadelphia, PA.

Buckwalter, J. A. (1994). Musculoskeletal Tissues and the Musculoskeletal System. In S. L. Weinstein , J. A. Buckwalter (Eds.) Turek's Orthopaedics: Principles and Their Application. pp. 13-67. Lippincott, Philadelphia, PA.

Bonfiglio, M., Buckwalter, J. A. (1994). Musculoskeletal Tumors. In C. R. Clark , M. Bonfiglio (Eds.) Orthopaedics. pp. 351-372. Churchill Livingston, NY.

Marsh, J. L., Buckwalter, J. A. & Evarts, C. M. (1994). Nonunion, Delayed Union, Malunion and Avascular Necrosis. In C. H. Epps (Eds.) Complications in Orthopaedic Surgery. (3), pp. 183-211. Lippincott, Philadelphia.

Buckwalter, J. A. (1994). Physicians act on family violence. Get new role to identify and prevent incidents. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Bulletin, 42, 32-33.

Buckwalter, J. A., Mow, V. C. & Radcliffe, A. (1994). Restoration of injured or degenerated articular cartilage. J Amer Acad Ortho Surg, 2, 192-201.

Buckwalter, J. A., Mow, V. C. (1994). Sports Injuries to Articular Cartilage. In J. C. DeLee , D. Drez (Eds.) Orthopaedic Sports Medicine: Principles and Practice. pp. 82-107. Saunders, Philadelphia, PA.

Buckwalter, J. A. (1994). The Specialty of Orthopaedics. In S. L. Weinstein , J. A. Buckwalter (Eds.) Turek's Orthopaedics: Principles and Their Application. pp. 3-11. Lippincott, Philadelphia, PA.

Weinstein, S. L., Buckwalter, J. A. (Eds.) (1994). Turek's Orthopaedics: Principles and Their Application. (5), pp. 708 pages. Lippincott, Philadelphia PA.

Buckwalter, J. A., Woo, S. L., Goldberg, V. M., Hadley, E. C., Booth, F., Oegema, T. R. & Eyre, D. R. (1993). Soft Tissue Aging and Musculoskeletal Function. J Bone Joint Surg, 75A, 1533-1548. PMID: 8408143.

Lane, N. E., Buckwalter, J. A. (1993). Exercise: A Cause of Osteoarthritis?. Osteoarthriits. Rheumatic Disease Clinics of North America, 19(3), 617-633. PMID: 8210578.

Buckwalter, J. A. (1993). A New Theory of Skeletal Growth. (Vols. 67). (8), pp. S1198. J Japanese Orthopaedic Association.

Arnoczky, S. P., Matyas, J. R., Buckwalter, J. A. & Amiel, D. (1993). Anatomy of the Anterior Cruciate Ligament. In D. W. Jackson , S. P. Arnoczky , C. B. Frank & W. SL-Y , T. M. Simon (Eds.) The Anterior Cruciate Ligament: Current and Future Concepts. pp. 5-22. Raven, New York.

Buckwalter, J. A. (1993). Animal Use In Medical Research. (Vols. 67). (8), pp. S1204. J Japanese Orthopaedic Association.

Buckwalter, J. A., Woo, S. L. (1993). Drug treatment of soft tissue injuries: efficacy and tissue effects. Iowa Orthop J, 13, 40-48. PMID: 7820751.

Massengill, A. D., Sundaram, M., Kathol, M. H., El-Khoury, G. Y., Buckwalter, J. A. & Wade, T. P. (1993). Elastofibroma dorsi: a radiological diagnosis. Skeletal Radiol, 22(2), 121-123. PMID: 8438182.

Buckwalter, J. A. (1993). Exercise and Arthritis. pp. 47-49. American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine 1993 Program.

Murray, P., Youel, L. & Buckwalter, J. (1993). Hematogenous Osteomyelitis. (Vols. 17). pp. 484-485. Ortho Trans.

Liu, P. P., Buckwalter, J. A. & Olmstead, M. (1993). Monoclonal antibody 7D4 is a marker for articular cartilage repair in rabbits and monkeys. (Vols. 18). pp. 262. Trans 38th Meeting Ortho Res Soc.

Buckwalter, J. A., Goldberg, V., S-LY, W. (Eds.) (1993). Musculoskeletal Soft-Tissue Aging: Impact on Mobility. pp. 423 pages. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Rosemont IL.

Buckwalter, J. A. (1993). Orthopaedic Research Funding in North America. (Vols. 17). pp. 84. Ortho Trans.

Buckwalter, J. A., Pita, J. C., Muller, F. J. & Nessler, J. (1993). Structural differences between two populations of articular cartilage proteoglycan aggregates. J Orthop Res, 12(1), 144-148. PMID: 8113937.

Buckwalter, J. A. (1993). The Impact on Mobility of Age-related changes in the Musculoskeletal Soft Tissues. In J. A. Buckwalter , V. M. Goldberg , W. SL-Y (Eds.) Musculoskeletal Soft-Tissue Aging: Impact on Mobility. pp. xv-xix. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Rosemont, IL.

Buckwalter, J. A., Woo, S. L. (1993). The Response of Ligaments to Exercise. In S. L. Gordon , X. Gonzalez Mestre , W. E. Garrett (Eds.) Sports and Exercise in Mid-Life. pp. 133-154. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Rosemont, Illinois.

Newhouse, K. E., El-Khoury, G. Y. & Buckwalter, J. A. (1992). Occult sacral fractures in osteopenic patients. J Bone Joint Surg, 74A, 1472-1477. PMID: 1364816.

Cohen, B., Chorney, G. S., Phillips, D. P., Dick, H. M., Buckwalter, J. A., Radcliffe, A. & Mow, V. C. (1992). The microstructural tensile properties and biochemical composition of the bovine distal femoral growth plate. J Ortho Res, 10(2), 263-275. PMID: 1740744.

Hale, J. E., Brown, T. D., Rudert, M. J., Mohler, C. G., Brand, R. A. & Buckwalter, J. A. (1992). Alterations of contact stress and tissue histomorphometry in size-dependent osteochondral defect repair. (Vols. 25). (6), pp. 653. J Biomech.

Buckwalter, J. A., Goldberg, V. & Heath, N. (1992). Building the Future of Orthopaedics: Strengthening Orthopaedic Research. pp. 55 pages. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. Park Ridge, Illinois.

Buckwalter, J. A., Mow, V. C. (1992). Cartilage Repair in Osteoarthritis. In R. W. Moskowitz , D. S. Howell , V. M. Goldberg , H. J. Mankin (Eds.) Osteoarthritis: Diagnosis and Management. (2), pp. 71-107. Saunders.

Pita, J. C., Muller, F. J., Manicourt, D. H., Buckwalter, J. A. & Radcliff, A. (1992). Early changes in experimental osteoarthritis and joint disuse atrophy. In K. E. Kuettner , R. Schleyerbach , J. G. Peyron , V. C. Hascall (Eds.) Articular Cartilage and Osteoarthritis. pp. 455-469. Raven.

Jebson, P. J., Buckwalter, J. A., Blair, W. F. & Platz, C. E. (1992). Hand metastases from renal carcinoma. Iowa Orthop J, 12, 85-87.

Murray, P. M., Youel, L. & Buckwalter, J. A. (1992). Hematogenous epiphyseal osteomyelitis: Three case reports and literature review. Iowa Orthop J, 12, 75-79.

Buckwalter, J. A. (1992). Mechanical Injuries of Articular Cartilage. In G. Finerman (Eds.) Biology and Biomechanics of the Traumatized Synovial Joint. pp. 83-96. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Park Ridge, IL.

Buckwalter, J. A. (1992). Mechanical injuries of articular cartilage. Iowa Orthop J, 12, 50-57.

Mohler, C. G., Hale, J. E., Rudert, M. J., Brand, R. A., Brown, T. D. & Buckwalter, J. A. (1992). Size-dependent relationships between contact stresses, histomorphometry, and repair tissue properties in healing osteochondral defects. (Vols. 17). pp. 208. Trans 38th Meeting Ortho Res Soc.

Buckwalter, J. A., Pita, J. C. & Muller, F. J. (1992). Structural differences between two populations of articular cartilage proteoglycan aggregates. In K. E. Kuettner , R. Schleyerbach & J. G. Peyron , V. C. Hascall (Eds.) Articular Cartilage and Osteoarthritis. pp. 685. Raven.

Buckwalter, J. A. (1992). The American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery 1992-1997. pp. 78 pages. American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery. Chapel Hill, North Carolina.

Newton, P. M., Mow, V. C., Buckwalter, J. A., Albright, J. P. & Martin, R. (1992). The effect of long-term intensive exercise on the mechanical and structural properties of articular cartilage. (Vols. 16). pp. 299. Ortho Trans.

Brown, T. D., Pope, D. F., Hale, J. E., Buckwalter, J. A. & Brand, R. A. (1991). Effects of Osteochondral defect size on cartilage contact stress. J Ortho Res, 9(4), 559-567. PMID: 2045983.

Pita, J. C., Muller, F. J., Manicourt, D. H., Buckwalter, J. A. & Ratcliffe, A. (1991). Early matrix changes in experimental and human osteoarthritis. pp. 42. Program International Workshop on Articular Cartilage and Osteoarthritis.

Buckwalter, J. A., Pita, J. C. & Muller, F. J. (1991). Structural differences between two populations of articular cartilage proteoglycan aggregates. pp. 92. Program International Workshop on Articular Cartilage and Osteoarthritis.

Mow, V. C., Radcliffe, A., Rosenwasser, M. P. & Buckwalter, J. A. (1991). Experimental studies on repair of large osteochondral defects at a high weight bearing area of the knee joint: a tissue engineering study. J Biomechanical Engineering, 113(2), 198-207. PMID: 1875694.

Athanasiou, K. A., Rosenwasser, M. P., Buckwalter, J. A., Malinin, T. I. & Mow, V. C. (1991). Interspecies comparisons of in situ intrinsic mechanical properties of distal femoral cartilage. J Ortho Res, 9(3), 330-340. PMID: 2010837.

McGuire, S. M., Vanable, E. D., McGuire, M. H., Buckwalter, J. A. & Douglass, C. W. (1991). Is there a link between fluoridated water and osteosarcoma?. J Am Dental Assoc, 122(4), 39-45. PMID: 2022786.

Buckwalter, J. A. (1991). Cartilage. In R. Dulbecco (Eds.) Encyclopedia of Human Biology. pp. 201-215. Academic Press.

Brown, T. D., Pope, D. F., Hale, J. E., Buckwalter, J. A. & Brand, R. A. (1991). Cartilage contact stress as a function of osteochondral defect size. (Vols. 16). pp. 361. Trans 37th Meeting Ortho Res Soc.

Buckwalter, J. A., Pita, J. C. & Muller, F. J. (1991). Electron microscopic demonstration of two populations of articular cartilage proteoglycan aggregates. (Vols. 16). pp. 303. Trans 37th Meeting Ortho Res Soc.

Buckwalter, J. A., Cruess, R. L. (1991). Healing of the Musculoskeletal Tissues. In C. A. Rockwood , D. P. Green (Eds.) Fractures. pp. 181-222. Lippincott, Philadelphia.

Woo, S. L., Buckwalter, J. A. (1991). Ligament and Tendon Autografts and Allografts. In G. E. Friedlaender , V. M. Goldberg (Eds.) Bone and Cartilage Allografts. pp. 103-121. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Park Ridge, IL.

Peterson, K. K., Renfrew, D. L., Federson, R. M. & Buckwalter, J. A. (1991). Magnetic resonance imaging of myxoid containing tumors. Skel Radiology, 20(4), 245-250. PMID: 1853214.

Buckwalter, J. A. (1991). Neoplasms of Bone and Soft Tissue. In A. Harwood-Nuss , C. Linden , R. C. Luten , G. Sternbach , A. B. Wolfson (Eds.) The Clinical Practice of Emergency Medicine. pp. 175-178. Lippincott, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Buckwalter, J. A. (1991). The Inside World of the Intervertebral Disc. In Proceedings of the Society for Back Pain Research. pp. 11-18. Society for Back Pain Research, Hastings, England.

Buckwalter, J. A. (1990). Presidential address for the Orthopaedic Research Society. Building on Our Strengths. J Ortho Res, 8, 917-920. PMID: 2213349.

McClain, R., Buckwalter, J. & Platz, C. E. (1990). Synovial sarcoma of the knee: Missed diagnosis despite biopsy and arthroscopic synovectomy. J Bone Joint Surg, 72A, 1092-1094. PMID: 2166738.

Buckwalter, J. A. (1990). Medical researchers must be ethical. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Bulletin, 38, 27-31.

Buckwalter, J. A. (1990). Arthroscopic Treatment of Osteoarthritic Knee Joints. In K. D. Brandt (Eds.) Cartilage Changes in Osteoarthritis. pp. 137-141. Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana.

Caterson, B., Buckwalter, J. (1990). Articular Cartilage Repair and Remodeling. In A. Maroudas , K. Kuettner (Eds.) Methods of Cartilage Research. pp. 313-318. Academic Press, London.

Buckwalter, J. A., Drez, D. A., Garrett, W. W. & Paulos, L. E. (1990). Articular surface injuries. In Meeting Abstracts, Symposia and Instructional Çourses. pp. 55-56. 16th Annual Meeting of the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine.

Berger, R. A., Buckwalter, J. A. (1990). Calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate crystal deposition patterns in triangular fibrocartilage complex. Orthopaedics, 13(1), 75-80. PMID: 2153953.

Athansiou, K. A., Rosenwasser, M. P., Spiker, R. L., Buckwalter, J. A. & Mow, V. C. (1990). Effects of passive motion on the material properties of healing articular cartilage. (Vols. 15). pp. 159. Trans 36th Meeting Ortho Res Soc.

Wang, C. w., Weiss, J. A., Albright, J. P., Buckwalter, J. A., Martin, R. & Woo, S. L. (1990). Life-long exercise and aging effects on canine medical collateral ligament. (Vols. 15). pp. 518. Trans 36th Meeting Ortho Res Soc.

Buckwalter, J. A. (1990). Medical research ethics. Iowa Orthop J, 10, 14-18.

Caterson, B., Buckwalter, J. (1990). Overview: Articular Cartilage Repair and Remodelling. In A. Maroudas , K. Kuettner (Eds.) Methods In Cartilage Research. pp. 313-318. Academic Press, London.

Buckwalter, J. A., Rosenberg, L. C. & Hunziker, E. (1990). Overview: Articular Cartilage: Composition Structure, Response to Injury and Methods of Facilitating Repair. In Ewing (Eds.) The Science of Arthroscopy. pp. 19-56. Raven Press, New York.

Leadbetter, W. B., Buckwalter, J. A., Gordon, S. L. (Eds.) (1990). Sports-Induced Inflammation. pp. 798 pages. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Park Ridge IL.

Mow, V. C., Setton, L. A., Radcliff, A., Howell, D. S. & Buckwalter, J. A. (1990). Structure-Function Relationship of Articular Cartilage and the Effects of Joint Instability and Trauma on Cartilage. In K. D. Brandt (Eds.) Cartilage Changes in Osteoarthritis. pp. 22-42. Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana.

Leadbetter, W. B., Buckwalter, J. A., Clancy, W. G. & Pearl, A. J. (1990). Symposium on sports induced soft tissue inflammation. In Meeting Abstracts, Symposia and Instructional Courses. pp. 55-56. 16th Annual Meeting of the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine.

Berger, R. A., Buckwalter, J. A. (1989). A posterior surgical approach to the proximal humerus. J Bone Joint Surg, 71A, 407-410. PMID: 2925714.

Buckwalter, J. A., Rosenberg, L. C. & Ungar, R. (1989). Age related changes in link protein function. (Vols. 14). pp. 33. Trans 35th Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society.

Buckwalter, J. A., Smith, K. C., Kazarien, L. E., Rosenberg, L. C. & Ungar, R. (1989). Articular cartilage and intervertebral disc proteoglycans differ in structure. J Ortho Res, 7(1), 146-151. PMID: 2908907.

(1989). Bovine Fetal Proteoglycan Aggregates. In Glycoprotein Biochemistry (Structures and Function), Cole CR, Smith CA. (Vols. 17). (4), pp. 179-189. Biochemical Education.

Buckwalter, J. A. (1989). Education, evaluation and orthopaedic excellence. Orthopaedic Surgeons Bulletin, 37, 20-22.

Athanasiou, K. A., Spiker, R. L., Buckwalter, J. A., Rosenwasser, M. P. & Mow, V. C. (1989). Finite element biphasic modeling of repair articular cartilage. B. Rubinsky (Eds.) (Vols. 15). pp. 95-96. Advances in Bioengineering, ASME.

Buckwalter, J. A., Sjolund, R. D. (1989). Growth of cornstalks and long bones: Does longitudinal bone growth depend on a matrix directed hydraulic mechanism. Iowa J Ortho, 9, 25-31.

Athanasiou, K. A., Rosenwasser, M. P., Buckwalter, J. A. & Mow, V. C. (1989). Interspecies comparisons of in situ biomechanical properties of knee joint cartilage. (Vols. 14). pp. 149. Trans 35th Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society.

Eyre, D., Benya, P., Buckwalter, J., Caterson, B., Heinegard, D., Oegema, T., Pearce, R., Pope, M. & Urban, J. (1989). Intervertebral Disc: Basic Science Perspectives. In J. W. Frymoyer , S. L. Gordan (Eds.) New Perspective on Low Back Pain. pp. 147-214. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Park Ridge, Illinois.

Buckwalter, J. A., Pedrini-Mille, A., Dobrowolski, A. M., Olmstead, M. & Grood, E. (1989). Species differences in articular cartilage matrices. (Vols. 14). pp. 155. Trans 35th Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society.

Woo, S. L., Buckwalter, J. A. (1988). AAOS/NIH/ORS workshop. Injury and repair of the musculoskeletal soft tissues. Savannah, Georgia, June 18-20, 1987. J Ortho Res, 6(6), 907-931. PMID: 3171771.

Buckwalter, J. A., Rosenberg, L., Coutts, R., Hunziker, E., Reddi, A. H. & Mow, V. (1988). Articular Cartilage Injury and Repair. In S. L. Woo , J. A. Buckwalter (Eds.) Chapter 11 In Injury and Repair of the Musculoskeletal Soft Tissues. pp. 462-482. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Park Ridge, Illinois.

Buckwalter, J. A., Hunziker, E., Rosenberg, L., Coutts, R., Adams, M. & Eyre, D. (1988). Articular Cartilage: Composition and Structure. In S. L. Woo , J. A. Buckwalter (Eds.) Chapter 9, In Injury and Repair of the Musculoskeletal Soft Tissues. pp. 405-425. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Park Ridge, Illinois.

Buckwalter, J. A., Bonfiglio, M., El-khoury, G. & Platz, C. C. (1988). Case report 490 - Monostatic fibrous dysplasia of the pubis. Skeletal Radiol, 17(5), 361-363. PMID: 3175696.

Buckwalter, J. A., Rosenberg, L. C. (1988). Electron microscopic studies of cartilage proteoglycans. Electron Micro Rev, 1(1), 87-112. PMID: 3155020.

Ghosh, P. (Eds.) (1988). Human Intervertebral Disc Proteoglycans. In Proteoglycans of the Intervertebral Disc. McDevitt CA. In Biology of the Intervertebral Disc. (Vols. 1). pp. 151-170. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL.

SL-Y, W., Buckwalter, J. A. (Eds.) (1988). Injury and Repair of the Musculoskeletal Soft Tissues. pp. 548 pages. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Park Ridge IL.

Woo, S. Y., Buckwalter, J. A. (1988). Preface: Injury and Repair of the Musculskeletal Soft Tissues. In Injury and Repair of the Musculoskeletal Soft Tissues. W. SL-Y , J. A. Buckwalter (Eds.) American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Park Ridge IL.

Bowen, V. A., Buckwalter, J. A., Craig, E. V., Nunley, J. A., Rock, M. G., Stulberg, B. N. & Whitehill, R. (1988). Report of the 1987 ABC traveling fellows. J Bone Joint Surg, 70A, 784-789.

Buckwalter, J. A., Rosenberg, L. C. & Ungar, R. (1987). Changes in proteoglycan aggregates during cartilage mineralization. Calc Tiss Intl, 41(4), 228-236. PMID: 3119178.

Buckwalter, J. A., Roughley, P. J. (1987). Age related changes in human articular cartilage proteoglycans. (Vols. 12). pp. 152. Trans 33rd Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society.

Buckwalter, J. A., Mower, D. (1987). Alterations of growth plate associated with slowing of bone growth. (Vols. 12). pp. 490. Trans 33rd Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society.

Berger, R. A., Buckwalter, J. A. (1987). An analysis of calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate crystal deposits in triangular fibrocartilage complexes. Iowa Ortho J, 7, 46-51.

Buckwalter, J. A., Cooper, R. R. (1987). Bone Structure and Function. In AAOS Instructional Course Lectures, XXXVI. pp. 27-48. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Park Ridge, Illinois.

Buckwalter, J. A., Mower, D. & Schaeffer, J. (1987). Differences in matrix vesicle concentration among growth plate zones. J Ortho Res, 5(2), 157-163. PMID: 3572586.

Buckwalter, J. A., Ehrlich, M. G., Armstrong, A. L. & Mankin, H. J. (1987). Electron microscopic analysis of articular cartilage proteoglycan degradation by growth plate enzymes. J Ortho Res, 5, 128-132.

Peterson, M. S., Song, R., Buckwalter, J. A. & Platz, C. E. (1987). Muscle involvement by liposarcomas influences prognosis. (Vols. 12). pp. 346. Trans 33rd Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society.

(1987). Musculoskeletal System Part I. In The Ciba Collection of Medical Illustrations. (Vols. 8). Netter FH, Ciba-Geigy, Summit, New Jersey.

Weiler, J. M., Albright, J. P. & Buckwalter, J. A. (1987). Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in sports medicine. In A. J. Lewis , D. E. Furst (Eds.) Chapter 5 In Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory drugs. Mechanisms and Clinical Use. pp. 7-88. Marcel Decker, New York.

Hunziker, E. B., Schenk, R. K. (1987). Proteoglycan Aggregate from Growth Plate. In Structural Organization of Proteoglycans in Cartilage. Biology of Proteoglycans. pp. 157. Academic Press.

Netter, F. H., Ciba-Geigy,, Summit, N. J. (Eds.) (1987). Proteoglycan Aggregate. Musculoskeletal System Part I.

Buckwalter, J. A., Maynard, J. A. & Vailas, A. (1987). Skeletal Fibrous Tissues. In J. A. Albright , R. A. Brand (Eds.) Chapter 14 In The Scientific Basis of Orthopaedics. pp. 387-405. Appleton-Lange, Norwalk.

Buckwalter, J. A., Cooper, R. R. (1987). The cells and matrices of skeletal connective tissues. In J. A. Albright , R. A. Brand (Eds.) Chapter 1 In The Scientific Basis of Orthopaedics. pp. 1-29. Appleton-Lange, Norwalk.

Buckwalter, J. A., Thonar, J. A. (1987). The effect of keratanase on cartilage proteoglycan structure. (Vols. 12). pp. 151. Trans 33rd Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society.

Buckwalter, J. A. (1986). Use of computers to test orthopaedic knowledge. Ortho Clinics North Amer, 17(4), 1-8. PMID: 3763184.

Thonar, E. J., Buckwalter, J. A. & Kuettner, K. E. (1986). Maturation related differences in the structure and composition of proteoglycans synthesized by chondrocytes from bovine articular cartilage. J Biol Chem, 261(5), 2467-2474. PMID: 3080435.

Buckwalter, J. A., Mower, D., Ungar, R., Schaeffer, J. & Ginsberg, B. (1986). Morphometric analysis of chondrocyte hypertrophy. J Bone Joint Surg, 68A, 243-255. PMID: 3944163.

Rosenberg, L. C., Buckwalter, J. A. (1986). Cartilage proteoglycans. In K. E. Kuettner , R. Schleyerbach , V. C. Hascall (Eds.) Articular Cartilage Biochemistry. (39-57) Raven, New York.

Buckwalter, J. A., Rosenberg, L. & Ungar, R. (1986). Changes in growth plate proteoglycans and matrix mineralization. (Vols. 11). pp. 153. Trans 32nd Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society.

(1986). Contributor: Orthopaedic Science - A Resource and Self-Study Guide for the Practitioner. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons.

Buckwalter, J. A., Mower, D. & Schafer, J. (1986). Differences in the distribution of matrix vesicles among growth plate zones. (Vols. 11). pp. 155. Trans 32nd Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society.

Buckwalter, J. A. (1986). Is arthroscopic debridement and cartilage abrasion therapy effective in the treatment of osteoarthritis of the knee?. Articulations: A Rheumatologists Forum, 2(3).

Blair, W. F., Shurr, D. G. & Buckwalter, J. A. (1986). Metacarpophalangeal joint arthroplasty with a metallic hinged prosthesis. In J. Dobyns (Eds.) Yearbook of Hand Surgery. Yearbook Medical Publishers.

Wernimont, T., Buckwalter, K. C. & Buckwalter, J. A. (1986). Orthopaedic problems and sexual adjustments. Mediguide to Orthopaedics, 7, 1-6.

Hardingham, T. E. (Eds.) (1986). Proteoglycan Aggregates. In Structure and Biosynthesis of Proteoglycans. (Vols. 10). pp. 143-183. Rheumatology.

Buckwalter, J. A., Rosenberg, L. C. (1986). Structural changes in reassembled growth plate aggregates. J Ortho Res, 4(1), 1-9. PMID: 3950799.

Buckwalter, J. A., Smith, K. C., Kazarien, L. E., Rosenberg, L. & Ungar, R. (1986). Structural differences between articular cartilage and intervertebral disc proteoglycans. (Vols. 11). pp. 420. Trans 32nd Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society.

Buckwalter, J. A., Choi, H., Tang, L., Rosenberg, L. & Ungar, R. (1986). The effect of link protein concentration on proteoglycan aggregation. (Vols. 11). pp. 98. Trans 32nd Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society.

Liu, Y. K., Goel, V. K., DeJong, A., Njus, G., Nishiyama, K. & Buckwalter, J. A. (1985). Torsional fatigue of the lumbar intervertebral joints. Spine, 10(10), 894-900. PMID: 3832457.

Buckwalter, J. A., Mower, D., Ungar, R., Schaeffer, J. & Ginsberg, B. (1985). Growth plate chondrocyte profiles and their orientation. J Bone Joint Surg, 67A, 942-955. PMID: 3894369.

Buckwalter, J. A., Pedrini, A., Tudisco, C. & Pedrini, V. (1985). Proteoglycans of human infant intervertebral disc. Electron microscopic and biochemical studies. J Bone Joint Surg, 67A, 284-294. PMID: 3968121.

Buckwalter, J. A., Thonar, E. J. & Kuettner, K. E. (1985). Age related changes in articular cartilage proteoglycans. (Vols. 9). pp. 235-236. Ortho Trans.

Buckwalter, J. A., Thonar, E. J. & Kuettner, K. E. (1985). Age related changes in articular cartilage proteoglycans. (Vols. 10). pp. 49. Trans of the 31st Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society.

Buckwalter, J. A., Kuettner, K. E. & Thonar, E. J. (1985). Age related changes in articular cartilage proteoglycans: Electron microscopic studies. J Ortho Res, 3(3), 251-257. PMID: 4032100.

Thonar, E. J., Stanescu, V., Sweet, M. B., Buckwalter, J. A., Pita, J. & Kuettner, K. E. (1985). Cartilage proteoglycans in the dogfish. (Vols. 10). pp. 57. Trans of the 31st Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society.

Buckwalter, J. A., Ehrlich, M. G., Armstrong, A. & Mankin, H. J. (1985). Electron microscopic analysis of proteoglycan degradation by growth plate enzymes. (Vols. 10). pp. 180. Trans of the 31st Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society.

Song, K., Buckwalter, J. A. (1985). Focal myositis presenting as a soft tissue mass. Iowa J orthop, 5, 114-115.

Blair, W. F., Buckwalter, J. A., Mickelson, M. & Omer, G. E. (1985). Lymphangioma of the forearm and hand. In J. H. Dobyns , R. A. Chase (Eds.) Yearbook of Hand Surgery. pp. 114-115. Yearbook Medical Publishers, Inc, Chicago.

Buckwalter, J. A., Bonfiglio, M. (1985). Orthopaedic Diagnosis: Clinical Radiological and Pathological Correlates. Springer Verleg, J Bone Joint Surg, 67A, 989.

Buckwalter, J. A., Mower, D., Ungar, R., Schaeffer, J. & Ginsberg, B. (1985). The mechanism of growth plate cell hypertrophy. (Vols. 10). pp. 202. Trans of the 31st Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society.

Blair, W. F., Buckwalter, J. A. (1984). Chondromyxoid fibroma in a carpal bone. Clin Ortho Rel Res, 188, 199-202. PMID: 6467715.

Dryer, R. F., Blair, W. F., Shurr, D. G. & Buckwalter, J. A. (1984). Proximal interphalangeal joint arthroplasty. Clin Ortho Rel Res,(185), 187-194. PMID: 6705377.

Buckwalter, J. A., Rosenberg, L. C. & Teng, L. H. (1984). The effect of link protein on proteoglycan aggregate structure. J Biol Chem, 259(9), 5361-5363. PMID: 6715345.

Foucar, E., Buckwalter, J. A. & El-Khoury, G. V. (1984). Gout presenting as a femoral cyst. J Bone Joint Surg, 69A, 294-297. PMID: 6693459.

Buckwalter, J. A. (1984). Arthritis and Cartilagenous Repair. In Resources for Basic Science Educators VI. An Integrated Approach to Biomaterials and Soft Tissue Repair. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons.

Njus, N., Weinstein, S. L. & Buckwalter, J. A. (1984). Ignacio Ponseti. Iowa J Orthop, 4, 6-9.

Blair, W. F., Shurr, D. G. & Buckwalter, J. A. (1984). Metacarpal phalangeal joint arthroplasty with a silastic spacer. (Vols. 8). pp. 383. Ortho Trans.

Blair, W., Shurr, D. G. & Buckwalter, J. A. (1984). Metacarpal phalangeal joint arthroplasty with the metallic hinged prosthesis. Clin Ortho Rel Res, 184, 156-163.

Blair, W. F., Shurr, D. G. & Buckwalter, J. A. (1984). Metacarpal phalangeal joint implant arthroplasty with a silastic spacer. J Bone Joint Surg, 66A, 365-370.

Mow, V. C., Mak, A. F., Lai, W. M., Rosenberg, L. C., Tang, L. H. (Eds.) (1984). Proteoglycan Aggregate. In Viscoelastic Properties of Proteoglycan Subunits and Aggregates in Varying Solution Concentrations. (Vols. 17). pp. 325-338. J Biomech.

Buckwalter, J. A., Pedrini-Mille, A., Pedrini, V. A. & Tudisco, C. (1984). Proteoglycans of human infant intervertebral disc - Composition, aggregation and molecular architecture. (Vols. 8). pp. 250-251. Ortho Trans.

Buckwalter, J. A., Pedrini-Mille, A., Pedrini, V. A. & Tudisco, C. (1984). Proteoglycans of human infant intervertebral disc - Composition, aggregation and molecular architecture. (Vols. 9). pp. 116. Trans of 30th Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society.

Buckwalter, J. A. (1983). The structure of human chondrosarcoma proteoglycans. J Bone Joint Surg, 65A, 858-874. PMID: 6193122.

Blair, W. F., Buckwalter, J. A., Mickelson, M. R. & Omer, G. E. (1983). Lymphangioma of the forearm and hand. J Hand Surg, 8(4), 399-405. PMID: 6350419.

Dietz, F. R., Ponseti, I. V. & Buckwalter, J. A. (1983). Morphometric study of clubfoot tendon sheaths. J Pediatric Ortho, 3(3), 311-318. PMID: 6874928.

Blair, W. F., Shurr, D. G. & Buckwalter, J. A. (1983). Functional status in ulnar deficiency. J Pediatric Ortho, 3(1), 37-40. PMID: 6841601.

Buckwalter, J. A., Rosenberg, L. C. (1983). Age related changes in cartilage proteoglycan structure. (Vols. 7). pp. 242. Ortho Trans.

Buckwalter, J. A., Rosenberg, L. C. (1983). Age related changes in cartilage proteoglycan structure. (Vols. 8). pp. 1. Transactions of the 29th Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society.

Buckwalter, J. A. (1983). Articular Cartilage. In American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Instructional Course Lectures XXXII, Chapter 16. pp. 349-370. CV Mosby, St Louis.

Buckwalter, J. A. (1983). Cartilage Proteoglycan Structure and the Role of Proteoglycans in Growth Plate. pp. 327-338. Resources for Basic Science Educators, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Monterey Seminar.

Blair, W. F., Buckwalter, J. A. (1983). Congenital malposition of the flexor pollicis longus. J Hand Surg, 8(1), 93-94. PMID: 6827063.

Liu, K. Y., Njus, G. O., Buckwalter, J. A. & Wakano, K. (1983). Fatigue response of lumbar intervertebral joints under axial cyclic loading. Spine, 8(8), 857-865. PMID: 6230741.

Blair, W. F., Shurr, D. G. & Buckwalter, J. A. (1983). Functional status in ulnar deficiency. (Vols. 7). pp. 65-66. Ortho Trans.

Blair, W. F., Shurr, D. G. & Buckwalter, J. A. (1983). Functional status in ulnar deficiency. (Vols. 8). pp. 220-221. Proceedings Amer Assoc for Hand Surg, J Hand Surg.

Thorpe, M. A., Buckwalter, J. A. (1983). Hematogenous proteus mirabilis osteomyelitis. Orthopaedics, 6, 865-867.

Shurr, D. G., Cooper, R. R., Buckwalter, J. A. & Cook, T. M. (1983). Hemipelvectomy and hip disarticulation: A prosthetic follow-up. Iowa J Orthop, 3, 71-75.

Pontatelli, W. R., Albright, J. P., Martin, R. K., Buckwalter, J. A. & Maynard, J. A. (1983). Meniscus suture repair. (Vols. 8). pp. 58. Trans of the 29th Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society.

(1983). Proteoglycan Aggregate. In Proteoglycans as Organizers of the Intercellular Matrix. (Vols. 11). pp. 613-622. Muir H, Seventeenth CIBA Medal Lecture, Biochemical Society Transactions.

Grodzinsky, A. J. (Eds.) (1983). Proteoglycan Aggregates. In Electromechanical and Physiochemical Properties of Connective Tissue. (Vols. 9). pp. 133-199. CRC Critical Reviews in Biomedical Engineering.

Buckwalter, J. A. (1983). Proteoglycan structure and calcifying cartilage. Clin Ortho Rel Res,(172), 185-210. PMID: 6337000.

Buckwalter, J. A. (1983). Skeletal reconstruction following tumor surgery: Vascularized bone grafts. Prog Clin Biol Res, 132D, 399-405. PMID: 6356147.

Buckwalter, J. A., Rosenberg, L. C. (1983). Structural changes during development in bovine fetal epiphyseal cartilage: Electron microscopic studies of proteoglycan monomers and aggregates. Collagen Rel Res, 3, 489-504.

Trout, J. J., Buckwalter, J. A. & Moore, K. C. (1982). Ultrastructure of human intervertebral disc II Cells of the nucleus pulposus. Anat Rec, 204(4), 307-314. PMID: 7181135.

Buckwalter, J. A., Poole, A. R., Reiner, A. & Rosenberg, L. C. (1982). Immunoferritin binding to proteoglycan monomers. An electron microscopic study. J Biol Chem, 257(5), 10529-10532. PMID: 7107621.

Buckwalter, J. A., Rosenberg, L. C. (1982). Electron microscopic studies of cartilage proteoglycans: Direct evidence for the variable length of the chondroitin sulfate rich region of the proteoglycan subunit core protein. J Biol Chem, 257(16), 9830-9839. PMID: 6809744.

Buckwalter, J. A. (1982). Mineralization of osteoid: The role of bone cells. pp. 17-20. The American Society for Bone and Mineral Research Program.

Ali, N. M., Green, L. & Buckwalter, J. A. (1982). Effective management of frostbite with sympathetic blockade. Regional Anes, 7, 128-130.

Buckwalter, J. A. (1982). Fine structural studies of human intervertebral disc. In A. A. White , S. L. Gordon (Eds.) Proceedings of the Workshop on Idiopathic Low Back Pain. pp. 108-143. CV Mosby, St Louis.

Shurr, D. G., Cooper, R. R., Buckwalter, J. A. & Blair, W. F. (1982). Juvenile amputees: Classification and revision rates. Iowa J Orthop, 2, 101-104.

Shurr, D. G., Cooper, R. R., Buckwalter, J. A. & Blair, W. F. (1982). Juvenile amputees: Classification and revision rates. Orthotics and Prosthetics, 36, 22-28.

Trout, J. J., Buckwalter, J. A. & Moore, K. C. (1982). Morphologic changes in human intervertebral disc with age. (Vols. 95). pp. 118A. J Cell Biol.

Buckwalter, K. C., Wernimont, T. M. & Buckwalter, J. A. (1982). Musculoskeletal conditions and sexuality I. Sexuality and Disability, 5(3), 131-142.

Buckwalter, K. C., Wernimont, T. M. & Buckwalter, J. A. (1982). Musculoskeletal conditions and sexuality II. Sexuality and Disability, 5(4), 195-207.

Dryer, R. F., Buckwalter, J. A. & Shurr, D. G. (1982). Proximal interphalangeal joint prosthetic arthroplasty. In Functional radiographic correlation. (Vols. 6). pp. 76. Ortho Trans.

Dryer, R. F., Buckwalter, J. A., Shurr, D. G. & Flatt, A. E. (1982). Proximal interphalangeal joint prosthetic arthroplasty: Long-term follow up. (Vols. 6). pp. 351. Ortho Trans.

Dryer, R. F., Buckwalter, J. A. & Shurr, D. G. (1982). Proximal interphalangeal joint prosthetic arthroplasty: Long-term follow-up. pp. 77. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Program 49th Annual meeting.

Liu, K. Y., Buckwalter, J. A., Njus, G. O. & Wakano, K. (1982). Radiographic and morphologic correlates of compression fatigue failure of lumbar intervertebral joints. (Vols. 6). pp. 34. Ortho Trans.

Buckwalter, J. A. (1982). Skeletal reconstruction following resection of malignant bone tumors. pp. 154. Proceedings of the 13th International Cancer Congress.

Buckwalter, J. A. (1982). Skeletal reconstruction following resection of malignant bone tumors. Trans 6:76.

Rosenberg, L. C., Mow, V. C., Buckwalter, J. A. & Poole, A. R. (1982). Structure and Function of Proteoglycans in Developing Cartilage. In W. H. Akeson , P. Borstein , M. J. Glimcher (Eds.) Heritable Disorders of Connective Tissue. pp. 285-305. CV Mosby, St Louis.

Coleman, D. A., Blair, W. F., Buckwalter, J. A. & Weinstein, S. L. (1982). The free autogenous vascularized fibula graft. Iowa J Orthop, 2, 70-75.

Buckwalter, J. A., Rosenberg, L. C. (1982). The influence of link protein on proteoglycan aggregate structure. (Vols. 6). pp. 243. Ortho Trans.

Buckwalter, J. A., Rosenberg, L. C. (1982). The influence of link protein on proteoglycan aggregate structure. (Vols. 7). pp. 114. Trans of the 28th Annual meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society.

Trout, J. J., Buckwalter, J. A., Moore, K. C. & Landis, S. K. (1982). Ultrastructure of human intervertebral disc I Changes in notocordal cells with age. (Vols. 14). pp. 359-369. Tissue and Cell.

Buckwalter, J. A., Flatt, A. E., Shurr, D. G., Dryer, R. F. & Blair, W. F. (1981). The absent fifth metacarpal. J Hand Surg, 6(4), 364-367. PMID: 7252111.

Roughley, P. J., McNicol, D. & Buckwalter, J. A. (1981). The presence of a cartilage-like proteoglycan in adult human meniscus. Biochem J, 197(1), 77-83. PMID: 6895594.

Buckwalter, J. A., Schumacher, R., Albright, J. P. & Cooper, R. R. (1981). The validity of orthopaedic in-training examination scores. J Bone Joint Surg, 63A, 1001-1006. PMID: 7240314.

Dryer, R. F., Buckwalter, J. A. & Carney, S. (1981). Lyme arthritis in the midwest. J Iowa Med Soc, 71(6), 249-252. PMID: 7264402.

Lepse, P., Buckwalter, J. A. (1981). Fractures of the scaphoid: Important but easily missed injuries. J Iowa Med Soc, 71(3), 101-107. PMID: 7205032.

Buckwalter, J. A., Schumacher, R., Albright, J. P. & Cooper, R. R. (1981). Application of an educational taxonomy to evaluation of cognitive performance in orthopaedics. J Med Ed, 56(2), 115-121. PMID: 7463444.

Buckwalter, J. A. (1981). Arthur Steindler: Founder of Iowa Orthopaedics. Iowa J Orthop, 1, 5-12.

Shurr, D. G., Cooper, R. R., Buckwalter, J. A. & Blair, W. F. (1981). Congenital terminal transverse amputations of the upper extremity. Iowa J Orthop, 1, 70-72.

Shurr, D. G., Cooper, R. R., Buckwalter, J. A. & Blair, W. F. (1981). Congenital terminal transverse amputations of the upper extremity. Orthotics and Prosthetics, 35, 22-25.

Dryer, R. F., Buckwalter, J. A. & Sprague, B. L. (1981). Coonrad hinged total elbow replacement. Orthopaedics, 4, 763-768.

Dryer, R. F., Buckwalter, J. A. & Sprague, B. L. (1981). Coonrad total elbow arthroplasty. pp. 52. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Program 48th Annual meeting.

Buckwalter, J. A., Waeckerle, J. F. (1981). Extremity Trauma. In Advanced Trauma Management (ATM) Manual. pp. 91-109. Emergency Medical Services Learning Resources Center, Univ of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa.

Buckwalter, J. A., Shurr, D. G., Flatt, A. E. & Dryer, R. F. (1981). Finger joint implants: Twenty year follow-up evaluation. pp. 92. American Society for Surgery of the Hand Program 36th Annual meeting.

Dryer, R. F., Buckwalter, J. A. & L, B. (1981). Hinged total elbow replacement. (Vols. 5). pp. 399. Ortho Trans.

Buckwalter, K. C., Buckwalter, J. A. (1981). Pain assessment and management in the patient with a fracture. J Nursing Care, 14, 17-20.

(1981). Proteoglycan Aggregate from Fetal Epiphysis. In Biochemistry. (2), pp. 200. Stryer L, Freeman, San Francisco, CA.

Buckwalter, J. A., Rosenberg, L. C. (1981). Proteoglycan aggregate structure in mineralizing cartilage. (Vols. 5). pp. 220. Ortho Trans.

Buckwalter, J. A., Rosenberg, L. C. (1981). Proteoglycan aggregate structure in mineralizing cartilage. (Vols. 6). pp. 38. Trans of the 27th Annual meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society.

Buckwalter, J. A. (1980). Electron microscopic studies of cartilage proteoglycans. pp. 28. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Program 47th Annual meeting.

Buckwalter, J. A., Rosenberg, L. C. (1980). Proteoglycan subunit structure. (Vols. 4). pp. 244. Ortho Trans.

Buckwalter, J. A., Rosenberg, L. C. (1980). Proteoglycan subunit structure. (Vols. 5). pp. 141. Trans of the 26th Annual meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society.

Dryer, R. F., Buckwalter, J. A. (1980). Scaphotrapezial trapezoidal arthrosis. Orthopaedics, 3, 213-215.

Buckwalter, J. A. (1980). Structural and Dynamic Bases of Hand Surgery. Lippincott, J Bone Joint Surg, 62A(2), 156.

Rosenberg, L. C., Pal, S. & Buckwalter, J. A. (1980). Structural changes related to malignancy in proteoglycans from cartilage neoplasms. Alabama J Med Sci, 17(3-4), 283-292. PMID: 7435862.

Dryer, R. F., Buckwalter, J. A. & Sprague, B. L. (1980). Treatment of chronic elbow instability. Clin Orthop,(148), 254-255. PMID: 7379402.

Dryer, R. F., Buckwalter, J. A., Flatt, A. E. & Bonfiglio, M. (1979). Ewing's sarcoma of the hand. J Hand Surg, 4(4), 372-374. PMID: 469216.

Buckwalter, J. A., Dryer, R. F. & Mickelson, M. R. (1979). Juxta-articular cysts of the knee. J Bone Joint Surg, 61A, 465. PMID: 429427.

Buckwalter, J. A., Maynard, J. A. & Cooper, R. R. (1979). Banded structures in human nucleus pulposus. Clin Orthop,(139), 259-266. PMID: 455842.

Buckwalter, J. A. (1979). The molecular architecture of chondrosarcoma proteoglycans. (Vols. 3). pp. 235. Ortho Trans.

Buckwalter, J. A. (1979). The molecular architecture of chondrosarcoma proteoglycans. (Vols. 4). pp. 172. Transactions of the 25th Annual meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society.

Buckwalter, J. A., Maynard, J. A. & Cooper, R. R. (1978). Sheathing of collagen fibrils in human intervertebral discs. J Anat, 125((Pt 3)), 615-8. PMID: 640962.

Buckwalter, J. A., El-Khoury, G. Y. & Flatt, A. E. (1978). Dysplasia epiphysealis hemimelica of the ulna. Clin Orthop,(135), 36-38. PMID: 709949.

Buckwalter, J. A., Maynard, J. A. & Cooper, R. R. (1978). Sheathing of collagen fibrils in intervertebral discs. (Vols. 66). pp. 62789. Biological Abstracts.

Buckwalter, K. C., Buckwalter, J. A. (1977). Pain associated with orthopaedic conditions. In A. K. Jacox (Eds.) Pain: A Source Book for Nurses and Other Health Professionals. pp. 435-541. Little, Brown and Co., Boston.

Buckwalter, J. A., Mickelson, M. R. & Emersen, R. L. (1977). Ulnar nerve palsy in Paget's disease. Clin Orthop,(127), 212-213. PMID: 912983.

Buckwalter, J. A., Cooper, R. R. & Maynard, J. A. (1976). Elastic fibers in human intervertebral discs. J Bone Joint Surg, 58A, 73-76. PMID: 1249115.

Buckwalter, J. A., Cooper, R. R. & Maynard, J. A. (1976). Ultrastructure of human intervertebral disc--new findings.

Buckwalter, J. A., Holloway, L. D. & Kent, T. H. (1974). Basic principles for self-instructional materials. Biomedical Communications, 2, 28.

Buckwalter, J. A., Kent, T. H. & Clarke, W. R. (1974). Scholastic ability vs attitude, time and performance on programmed instruction. J Med Ed, 49(6), 584-588. PMID: 4835577.

Buckwalter, J. A., Kent, T. H. (1974). Classification and complications of inflammation. In T. H. Kent (Eds.) General Pathology: A Programmed Text (5.1). Little, Brown and Co., Boston.

Kent, T. H., Cassady, D. M. & Buckwalter, J. A. (1974). Degeneration. In T. H. Kent (Eds.) General Pathology: A Programmed Text (9.1). Little, Brown and Co., Boston.

Nordin, J. D., Kent, T. H. & Buckwalter, J. A. (1974). Developmental abnormalities: Teratogenic, genetic, and chromosomal. In T. H. Kent (Eds.) General Pathology: A Programed Text (10.1). Little, Brown and Co., Boston.

Buckwalter, J. A., Kent, T. H. (1974). Factors which modify inflammation. In T. H. Kent (Eds.) General Pathology: A Programmed Text (4.1). Little, Brown and Co., Boston.

Nordin, J. D., Kent, T. H. & Buckwalter, J. A. (1974). Healing. In T. H. Kent (Eds.) General Pathology: A Programmed Text (8.1). Little, Brown and Co., Boston.

Buckwalter, J. A., Kent, T. H. (1974). Inflammation: The vascular and cellular response to injury. In T. H. Kent (Eds.) General Pathology: A Programmed Text (2.1). Little, Brown and Co., Boston.

Buckwalter, J. A., Kent, T. H. (1974). Inflammatory cells: Structure and Function. In T. H. Kent (Eds.) General Pathology: A Programmed Text (3.1). Little, Brown and Co, Boston.

Kent, T. H., Cassady, D. M. & Buckwalter, J. A. (1974). Necrosis. In T. H. Kent (Eds.) General Pathology: A Programmed Text (7.1). Little, Brown and Co., Boston.

Buckwalter, J. A., Kent, T. H. (1974). Systemic manifestations of inflammation. In T. H. Kent (Eds.) General Pathology: A Programmed Text (6.1). Little, Brown and Co., Boston.

Buckwalter, J. A., Kent, T. H. (1974). The introduction to pathology. In T. H. Kent (Eds.) General Pathology: A Programmed Text (1.1). Little, Brown and Co, Boston.

Buckwalter, J. A., Kent, T. H. (1973). Prognosis and surgical pathology of colon cancer. Surg Gynec Obstet , 136(3), 465-72. PMID: 4688811.

Buckwalter, J. A., Kent, T. H. (1973). Essential information for a surgical pathology report on colonic cancer. Arch Path, 95, 366-370.

Kent, T. H., Buckwalter, J. A. (1973). The effect of overt vs. covert response to introductory programmed texts in pathology on scores, time, and affect. Rochester, New York: The Rochester Clearing House, The University of Rochester, 88-89.

Buckwalter, J. A., Kent, T. H. (1973). The use of programmed texts for efficient attainment of competence levels for problem solving in pathology. Rochester, New York: The Rochester Clearing House, The University of Rochester, 77-84.

Kent, T. H., Taylor, D. D. & Buckwalter, J. A. (1972). Field test of programmed texts for teaching general pathology. J Med Ed, 47(11), 873-878. PMID: 5087143.

Buckwalter, J. A., Kent, T. H. (1972). Ectopic submucosal glands in the colon. Arch Path, 93(6), 562-564. PMID: 5025040.

Buckwalter, J. A. (1972). Analysis of Surgical Pathology of Colon Cancer. University of Iowa.