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Robert Westermann, MD

Portrait
Assistant Professor of Orthopedics and Rehabilitation

Contact Information

Primary Office
2701 Prairie Meadow Drive
Iowa City, IA 52242
319-678-8448

Education

BS, Pacific Lutheran University
MD, University of Washington
Resident, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics
Fellow, Cleveland Clinic

Publications

Compton, J., Slattery, M., Coleman, M. & Westermann, R. (2020). Iatrogenic Articular Cartilage Injury in Arthroscopic Hip and Knee Videos and the Potential for Cartilage Cell Death when Simulated in a Bovine Model. Arthroscopy : the journal of arthroscopic & related surgery : official publication of the Arthroscopy Association of North America and the International Arthroscopy Association. PMID: 32145300.

O'Reilly, O. C., Day, M. A., Cates, W. T., Baron, J. E., Glass, N. A. & Westermann, R. W. (2020). Female Team Physician Representation in Professional and Collegiate Athletics. The American journal of sports medicine, 48(3), 739-743. PMID: 31922898.

Kern, M., Neuhauser, C., Maack, T., Han, M., Usher, W. & Westermann, R. (2020). A Comparison of Rendering Techniques for 3D Line Sets with Transparency. IEEE transactions on visualization and computer graphics. PMID: 32092009.

Khazi, Z. M., Cates, W. T., Shamrock, A. G., An, Q., Duchman, K. R., Westermann, R. W. & Wolf, B. R. (2020). Arthroscopic débridement has similar 30-day complications compared with open arthrotomy for the treatment of native shoulder septic arthritis: a population-based study. Journal of shoulder and elbow surgery. PMID: 32057658.

Khazi, Z. M., Shamrock, A. G., Hajewski, C., Glass, N., Wolf, B. R., Duchman, K. R., Westermann, R. W. & Bollier, M. (2020). Preoperative opioid use is associated with inferior outcomes after patellofemoral stabilization surgery. Knee surgery, sports traumatology, arthroscopy : official journal of the ESSKA, 28(2), 599-605. PMID: 31650313.

Shamrock, A. G., Wolf, B. R., Ortiz, S. F., Duchman, K. R., Bollier, M. J., Carender, C. N. & Westermann, R. W. (2020). Preoperative Validation of the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System in Patients With Articular Cartilage Defects of the Knee. Arthroscopy : the journal of arthroscopic & related surgery : official publication of the Arthroscopy Association of North America and the International Arthroscopy Association, 36(2), 516-520. PMID: 31901394.

Scott, E. J., Anthony, C. A., Rooney, P., Lynch, T. S., Willey, M. C. & Westermann, R. W. (2020). Mobile Phone Administration of Hip-Specific Patient-Reported Outcome Instruments Correlates Highly With In-office Administration. The Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, 28(1), e41-e46. DOI: 10.5435/JAAOS-D-18-00708.

Gulbrandsen, T. R., Khazi, Z. M., Bollier, M., Wolf, B., Larson, C., Duchman, K., An, Q. & Westermann, R. W. (2019). Preoperative Performance of Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System in Patients with Meniscal Root Tears. The journal of knee surgery. PMID: 31887762.

Baron, J. E., Shamrock, A. G., Cates, W. T., Cates, R. A., An, Q., Wolf, B. R., Bollier, M. J., Duchman, K. R. & Westermann, R. W. (2019). Graft Preparation with Intraoperative Vancomycin Decreases Infection After ACL Reconstruction: A Review of 1,640 Cases. The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American volume, 101(24), 2187-2193. PMID: 31609893.

Cychosz, C., Khazi, Z. M., Karam, M., Duchman, K., Willey, M. & Westermann, R. (2019). Validation of a novel hip arthroscopy simulator: establishing construct validity. Journal of hip preservation surgery, 6(4), 385-389. PMID: 32015891.

Weiss, S., Chu, M., Thuerey, N. & Westermann, R. (2019). Volumetric Isosurface Rendering with Deep Learning-Based Super-Resolution. IEEE transactions on visualization and computer graphics. PMID: 31796410.

Khazi, Z. M., Cates, W. T., An, Q., Duchman, K. R., Wolf, B. R. & Westermann, R. W. (2019). Arthroscopy Versus Open Arthrotomy for Treatment of Native Hip Septic Arthritis: An Analysis of 30-Day Complications. Arthroscopy : the journal of arthroscopic & related surgery : official publication of the Arthroscopy Association of North America and the International Arthroscopy Association. PMID: 31757679.

Khazi, Z. M., Lu, Y., Shamrock, A. G., Duchman, K. R., Westermann, R. W. & Wolf, B. R. (2019). Opioid use following shoulder stabilization surgery: risk factors for prolonged use. PMID: 31401129.

Hajewski, C. J., Westermann, R. W., Holte, A., Shamrock, A., Bollier, M. & Wolf, B. R. (2019). Impact of a Standardized Multimodal Analgesia Protocol on Opioid Prescriptions After Common Arthroscopic Procedures. Orthopaedic journal of sports medicine, 7(9), 2325967119870753. PMID: 31598527.

O'Connor, M., Steinl, G. K., Padaki, A. S., Duchman, K. R., Westermann, R. W. & Lynch, T. S. (2019). Outcomes of Revision Hip Arthroscopic Surgery: A Systematic Review and Metaanalysis. American Journal of Sports Medicine. PMID: 31503501.

Khazi, Z. M., An, Q., Duchman, K. R. & Westermann, R. W. (2019). Incidence and Risk Factors for Venous Thromboembolism Following Hip Arthroscopy: A Population-Based Study. Arthroscopy, 35(8), 2380-2384. PMID: 31395174.

Westermann, R. W., Spindler, K. P., Wolf, B. R. & MOON Group, (2019). No Difference Between Posterolateral Corner Repair and Reconstruction With Concurrent ACL Surgery: Results From a Prospective Multicenter Cohort. Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine. PMID: 31431898.

Shamrock, A. G., Day, M. A., Duchman, K. R., Glass, N. & Westermann, R. W. (2019). Medial Patellofemoral Ligament Reconstruction in Skeletally Immature Patients: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine, 7(7). PMID: 31384615.

Carender, C. N., Bollier, M. J., Wolf, B. R., Duchman, K. R., An, Q. & Westermann, R. W. (2019). Preoperative Performance of PROMIS in Patients With Patellofemoral Malalignment and Chondral Disease. Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine, 7(7). PMID: 31317048.

Day, M. A., Owens, J. M., Rosneck, J. T. & Westermann, R. W. (2019). Return to Collegiate Hockey After Repair of Chronic Biceps Femoris Tendon Transection at the Knee: A Case Report. JBJS Case Connect. PMID: 31274643.

DeMik, D. E., Rojas, E. O., Anthony, C. A., Bedard, N. A., Dowdle, S. B., Bollier, M., Wolf, B. R. & Westermann, R. W. (2019). Opioid Prescription Refills After Osteochondral Procedures of the Knee. Arthroscopy, 35(7), 2083-2088. PMID: 31167739.

Kanzler, M., Rautenhaus, M. & Westermann, R. (2019). A Voxel-Based Rendering Pipeline for Large 3D Line Sets. IEEE transactions on visualization and computer graphics, 25(7), 2378-2391. PMID: 29993748.

Arras, P., Frank, P., Leike, R., Westermann, R. & Enßlin, T. A. (2019). Unified radio interferometric calibration and imaging with joint uncertainty quantification. Astronomy and Astrophysics, 627. DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201935555.

Haeberle, H. S., Bartschat, N. I., Navarro, S. M., Rooney, P. W., Rosneck, J., Westermann, R. W. & Ramkumar, P. N. (2019). Hip Arthroscopy: A Social Media Analysis of Patient Perception. Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine, 7(6). PMID: 31245432.

Lynch, T. S., Minkara, A., Aoki, S., Bedi, A., Bharam, S., Clohisy, J., Harris, J., Larson, C., Nepple, J., Nho, S., Philippon, M., Rosneck, J., Safran, M., Stubbs, A. J., Westermann, R. W. & Byrd, J. (2019). Best Practice Guidelines for Hip Arthroscopy in Femoroacetabular Impingement: Results of a Delphi Process. Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. PMID: 31167739.

MacIejewski, R., Seo, J. & Westermann, R. (2019). Guest Editors' Introduction: Special Section on IEEE PacificVis 2019. (Vols. 25). (6), pp. 2155-2156. IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics. DOI: 10.1109/TVCG.2019.2905484.

Hajewski, C. J., Glass, N. A., Westermann, R. W., Bollier, M., Wolf, B. R. & Hettrich, C. (2019). Performance of the PROMIS After Operative Interventions for Shoulder Instability. Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine, 7(5). PMID: 31205969.

Cleaveland Clinic Sports Knee Group,, Bessette, M. C., Westermann, R. W., Davis, A., Farrow, L., Hagen, M. S., Miniaci, A., Nickoderm, R., Parker, R., Rosneck, J., Saluan, P., Spindler, K. P., Stearns, K. & Jones, M. H. (2019). Predictors of Pain and Function Before Knee Arthroscopy. Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine, 7(5). PMID: 31205963.

Tariq, M. B., Vega, J. F., Westermann, R. W., Jones, M. & Spindler, K. P. (2019). Arthroplasty studies with greater than 1000 participants: analysis of follow-up methods. Arthroplasty Today, 5(2), 243-250. PMID: 31286051.

Westermann, R. W., Day, M. A., Duchman, K. R., Glass, N. A., Lynch, T. S. & Lynch, J. T. (2019). Trends in Hip Arthroscopic Labral Repair: An American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery Database Study. Arthroscopy, 1413-1419. PMID: 30979629.

Westermann, R. W., Spindler, K. P., Huston, L. J., Wolf, B. R. & MOON Knee Group, (2019). Outcomes of Grade III Medial Collateral Ligament Injuries Treated Concurrently With Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: A Multicenter Study. Arthroscopy, 35(5), 1466-1472. PMID: 30878328.

Ruccius, B., Kraus, T., Westermann, R., Heckel, T., Marz, M. & Wagner, B. (2019). A Cascaded Control Concept for Modular Multilevel Converters with Capacitor Voltage Estimation using a Kalman Filter. In ICPE 2019 - ECCE Asia - 10th International Conference on Power Electronics - ECCE Asia. pp. 1198-1204.

Westermann, R. W., Spindler, K. P., Huston, L. J., Amendola, A., Andrish, J. T., Brophy, R. H., Flanigan, D. C., Jones, M. H., Kaeding, C. C., Marx, R. G., Matava, M. J., McCarty, E. C., Parker, R. D., Reinke, E. K., Vidal, A. F., Wolcott, M. L., Wright, R. W. & Wolf, B. R. (2019). Outcomes of Grade III Medial Collateral Ligament Injuries Treated Concurrently With Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: A Multicenter Study. Arthroscopy - Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery, 35(5), 1466-1472. PMID: 30878328.

Maciejewski, R., Seo, J. & Westermann, R. (2019). Guest editors' introduction: Special section on IEEE PacificVis 2019. In IEEE Pacific Visualization Symposium. (Vols. 2019-April). pp. XIV-XV. DOI: 10.1109/PacificVis.2019.00006.

Frasson, A., Ender, M., Weiss, S., Kanzler, M., Pandrey, A., Schumacher, J. & Westermann, R. (2019). Visual exploration of circulation rolls in convective heat flows. In IEEE Pacific Visualization Symposium. (Vols. 2019-April). pp. 202-211. DOI: 10.1109/PacificVis.2019.00031.

Maciejewski, R., Seo, J., Westermann, R., Wu, H. Y. & Beck, F. (2019). Welcome from the Chairs. In IEEE Pacific Visualization Symposium. (Vols. 2019-April). pp. XII-XIII. DOI: 10.1109/PacificVis.2019.00005.

Westermann, R. W., Spindler, K. P. & MOON Group, (2019). Outcomes following ACL Reconstruction with Grade III MCL injuries: Outcomes from a Multicenter Cohort. Arthroscopy. PMID: 30878328.

Aiken, T., Goetz, J., Westermann, R., Willey, M. & Brown, T. (2019). Patient Age and Hip Morphology Alter Joint Mechanics in Computational Models of Patients With Hip Dysplasia. Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research. DOI: 10.1097/CORR.0000000000000621.

Brown, M., Westermann, R., Hagen, M., Strnad, G., Rosneck, J., Spindler, K. & Lynch, T. (2019). Validation of Novel Surgical Data Capturing System After Hip Arthroscopy. Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. PMID: 30768484.

Westermann, R. (2019). Editorial Commentary: Scoping Knees With Osteoarthritis and Opioid Dependence? Brace Yourself for Postop Pain. Arthroscopy, 35(2), 581-582. PMID: 30712633.

Westermann, R., Spindler, K., MOON Group, & Wolf, B. (In Press). Posterolateral Corner Repair versus Reconstruction: 6-year Outcomes from a Prospective Multicenter Cohort. Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine.

Westermann, R. (2019). Editorial Commentary: When Performing Cartilage Restoration, Please Don't Put Down the Osteotomy Saw!. Arthroscopy, 35(1), 147-148. PMID: 30611342.

Burnett, R. A., Westermann, R. W., Duchman, K., Amendola, N., Hettrich, C., Wolf, B., Glass, N. & Bollier, M. (2019). Intra-Articular Pathology Associated with Acute and Chronic Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction. Iowa Orthopaedic Journal, 39(1), 101-106. PMID: 31413683.

West, C. R., Bedard, N. A., Duchman, K. R., Westermann, R. W. & Callaghan, J. J. (2019). Rates and Risk Factor for Revision Hip Arthroscopy. Iowa Orthopaedic Journal, 39(1), 95-99. PMID: 31413682.

West, C. R., Bedard, N. A., Duchman, K. R., Westermann, R. W. & Callaghan, J. J. (2019). Rates and Risk Factors for Revision Hip Arthroscopy. The Iowa orthopaedic journal, 39(1), 95-99. PMID: 31413682.

Zhao, Y., Barnes, N., Chen, B., Westermann, R., Kong, X. & Lin, C. (2019). Preface. In Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics). (Vols. 11901 LNCS). pp. v. DOI: 10.1017/CBO9780511524318.001.

Zhao, Y., Barnes, N., Chen, B., Westermann, R., Kong, X. & Lin, C. (2019). Preface. In Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics). (Vols. 11902 LNCS). pp. V.

Zhao, Y., Barnes, N., Chen, B., Westermann, R., Kong, X. & Lin, C. (2019). Preface. In Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics). (Vols. 11903 LNCS). pp. v.

Reinbold, C., Kumpf, A. & Westermann, R. (2019). Visualizing the Stability of 2D Point Sets from Dimensionality Reduction Techniques. Computer Graphics Forum. DOI: 10.1111/cgf.13806.

Rautenhaus, M., Bottinger, M., Siemen, S., Hoffman, R., Kirby, R. M., Mirzargar, M., Rober, N. & Westermann, R. (2018). Visualization in Meteorology-A Survey of Techniques and Tools for Data Analysis Tasks. IEEE transactions on visualization and computer graphics, 24(12), 3268-3296. PMID: 29990196.

Westermann, R. (2018). Measuring agency costs over the business cycle. Management Science, 64(12), 5748-5768. DOI: 10.1287/mnsc.2017.2813.

Westermann, R. W., Spindler, K. P., Hettrich, C. M. & Wolf, B. R. (In Press). Outcomes Following Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction with Grade 3 Medial Collateral Ligament Injuries: Is There a Role for Medial Collateral Ligament Repair? 2-year Data From the MOON Group. Arthroscopy.

Scott, E., Thomas-Aitken, H., Glass, N., Westermann, R., Goetz, J. (2018). Unaddressed Cam Deformity is Associated with Elevated Joint Contact Stress After Periacetabular Osteotomy. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, 100(20), 131. PMID: 30334890.

Westermann, R., Hu, J., Hagen, M., Willey, M., Lynch, T. & Rosneck, J. (2018). Epidemiology and Detrimental Impact of Opioid Use in Patients Undergoing Arthroscopic Treatment of Femoroacetabular Impingement Syndrome. Arthroscopy, 34(10), 2832-2836. PMID: 30195961.

O'Connor, M., Minkara, A., Westermann, R., Rosneck, J. & Lynch, T. (2018). Return to Play after Hip Arthroscopy: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. The American Journal of Sports Medicine, 46(11), 2780-2788. PMID: 29595996.

Ramkumar, P., Frangiamore, S., Navarro, S., Lynch, T., Forney, M., Kaar, S., Akhavan, S., Moutzouros, V., Westermann, R., Farrow, L. & Schickendantz, M. (2018). Interobserver and Intraobserver Reliability of an MRI-Based Classification System for Injuries to the Ulnar Collateral Ligament. American Journal of Sports Medicine, 11(2755-2760). PMID: 30070584.

Day, M. A., Westermann, R. W., Bedard, N. A., Glass, N. A. & Wolf, B. R. (2018). Trends Associated with Open Versus Arthroscopic Rotator Cuff Repair. Hospital for Special Surgery Journal, 12(2), 133-136. PMID: 31327943.

Kern, M., Hewson, T., Schafler, A., Westermann, R. & Rautenhaus, M. (2018). Interactive 3D Visual Analysis of Atmospheric Fronts. IEEE transactions on visualization and computer graphics. PMID: 30130207.

Kumpf, A., Rautenhaus, M., Riemer, M. & Westermann, R. (2018). Visual Analysis of the Temporal Evolution of Ensemble Forecast Sensitivities. IEEE transactions on visualization and computer graphics. PMID: 30136957.

Mehta, M., Swindell, H., Westermann, R., Rosneck, J. & Lynch, T. (2018). Assessing the Readability of Online Information About Hip Arthroscopy. Arthroscopy, 34(7), 2142-2149. PMID: 29631940.

O'Connor, M., Minkara, A., Westermann, R., Rosneck, J. & Lynch, T. (2018). Outcomes of Joint Preservation Procedures for Cartilage Injuries in the Hip: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine, 6(6). PMID: 29942815.

Scott, E., Westermann, R. W., Glass, N., Hettrich, C. M., Bollier, M. & Wolf, B. R. (2018). Performance of PROMIS in patients after Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction. Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine, 6(5). PMID: 29854864.

Hancock, K., Westermann, R. W., Shamrock, A., Wolf, B. R., Duchman, K. D. & Amendola, A. (2018). Trends in Articular Cartilage Treatments of the Knee: An American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery Database Study. Journal of Knee Surgery. PMID: 29490400.

Wu, J., Aage, N., Westermann, R. & Sigmund, O. (2018). Infill Optimization for Additive Manufacturing-Approaching Bone-Like Porous Structures. IEEE transactions on visualization and computer graphics, 24(2), 1127-1140. PMID: 28129160.

Westermann, R. W., Day, M., Duchman, K. R., Pugely, A. J., Gao, Y., Bollier, M. & Wolf, B. R. (2018). Comparison of Short-term Complications After Rotator Cuff Repair: Open Versus Arthroscopic. Arthroscopy, 34(4), 1130-1136. PMID: 29305290.

(2018). Systematic Review and Meta analysis of Outcomes After Hip Arthroscopy in Femoroacetabular Impingement. American Journal of Sports Medicine. PMID: 29373805.

(In Press). The Incidence of Glenohumeral Bone and Cartilage Lesions at the Time of Shoulder Stabilization Surgery: A Comparison of Primary and Revision Surgery Patients. American Journal of Sports Medicine, 46(10), 2449-2456. PMID: 29985051.

Burnett, R., Westermann, R., Bedard, N., Liu, S. & Callaghan, J. (2018). Ganglion Cyst as a Rare Complication of Hip Arthroscopy Resolved with a THA: A Case Report. Iowa Orthopaedic Journal, 38, 87-91. PMID: 30104929.

Westermann, R., Lynch, T. (2018). Young Adult Hip Injuries in Athletes: Where Are We in 2018?. Journal of Hip Surgery, 2(3), 109-110. DOI: 10.1055/s-0038-1675196.

Boddapati, V., Confino, J., Fu, M., Duchman, K., Westermann, R. & Lynch, T. (2018). Increasing Age Is Not Independently Associated with Increased 30-Day Morbidity after Hip Arthroscopy. Journal of Hip Surgery, 2(3), 117-125. DOI: 10.1055/s-0038-1673374.

Westermann, R., Wolf, B. (2018). Chapter 97 Meniscal Repair with ACLR. In The Anterior Cruciate Ligament: Reconstruction and Basic Science. DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-323-38962-4.00101-6.

Westermann, R., Parker, R. (2018). Endoscopic Hamstring ACL Reconstruction. In F. Azar (Eds.) Illustrated Tips and Tricks in Sports Medicine Surgery. pp. 339-350.

Westermann, R. W., Lynch, T. S. (2018). Young Adult Hip Injuries in Athletes: Where are We in 2018? Part 2. The Journal of Hip Surgery, 155-155.

Sonnenfeld, J. J., Trofa, D. P., Westermann, R. W., Hagen, M., Rosneck, J. & Lynch, T. S. (2018). Outcome Measures in Hip Arthroscopy. The Journal of Hip Surgery, 167-175.

Hagen, M. S., Westermann, R. W., Lynch, T. S. & Rosneck, J. (2018). Rehabilitation for Femoroacetabular Impingement: Conservative Care and Postoperative Practice. The Journal of Hip Surgery, 2(4), 189-193.

Westermann, R. W., Bessette, M. C., Lynch, T. S. & Rosneck, J. (2018). Does Closure of the Capsule Impact Outcomes in Hip Arthroscopy? A Systematic Review of Comparative Studies. The Iowa orthopaedic journal, 38, 93-99. PMID: 30104930.

Burnett, R. A., Westermann, R., Bedard, N., Liu, S. & Callaghan, J. J. (2018). Ganglion Cyst as a Rare Complication of Hip Arthroscopy Resolved With THA: A Case Report. The Iowa orthopaedic journal, 38, 87-91. PMID: 30104929.

Kern, M., Hewson, T., Sadlo, F., Westermann, R. & Rautenhaus, M. (2018). Robust Detection and Visualization of Jet-Stream Core Lines in Atmospheric Flow. IEEE transactions on visualization and computer graphics, 24(1), 893-902. PMID: 28866511.

Kumpf, A., Tost, B., Baumgart, M., Riemer, M., Westermann, R. & Rautenhaus, M. (2018). Visualizing Confidence in Cluster-Based Ensemble Weather Forecast Analyses. IEEE transactions on visualization and computer graphics, 24(1), 109-119. PMID: 28866576.

Scott, E., Westermann, R. W. & Rosneck, J. (2017). A posterior labral cyst associated with an anterior labral tear of the hip. Skeletal Radiology. PMID: 29273830.

Duchman, K. R., Westermann, R. W., Glass, N. A., Bedard, N. A., Mather III, R. C. & Amendola, A. (2017). Who Is Performing Hip Arthroscopy?: An Analysis of the American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery Part-II Database. The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, 99(24), 2103-2109. PMID: 29257016.

Buckwalter, J. A., Westermann, R., Mooers, B., Karam, M. & Wolf, B. (2017). Timing of Surgical Reduction and Stabilization of Talus Fracture-Dislocations. American journal of orthopedics (Belle Mead, N.J.), 46(6), E408-E413. PMID: 29309454.

Smucny, M., Westermann, R. W., Winters, M. & Schickendantz, M. S. (2017). Non-operative management of ulnar collateral ligament injuries in the throwing athlete. The Physician and Sports Medicine, 45(3), 234-238. PMID: 28730863.

Westermann, R. W., Anthony, C., Bedard, N. & Wolf, B. R. (2017). Opioid Consumption after Rotator Cuff Repair. Arthroscopy, 33(8), 1467-1472. PMID: 28571723.

Anthony, C., Westermann, R. W., Bedard, N., Glass, N., Bollier, M., Hettrich, C. & Wolf, B. R. (2017). Opioid Demand Before and After ACL Reconstruction. American Journal of Sports Medicine, 45(13), 3098-3103. PMID: 28806097.

Bedard, N. A., Pugely, A., Westermann, R. W., Duchman, K. R., Glass, N. A. & Callaghan, J. J. (2017). Opioid Use After Total Knee Arthroplasty: Trends and Risk Factors for Prolonged Use. The Journal of Arthroplasty, 32(8), 2390-2394. PMID: 28413136.

Hanley, J., Westermann, R. W., Cook, S., Amendola, A., Wolf, B. R. & Bollier, M. (2017). Factors associated with knee stiffness following surgical management of multi-ligament knee injuries. The Journal of Knee Surgery, 30(6), 549-554. PMID: 27788528.

Westermann, R. W., Jones, M., Wasserstein, D. & Spindler, K. P. (2017). Clinical and Radiographic Outcomes of Meniscus Surgery from the MOON Group. Connective Tissue Research, 58(3-4), 366-372. PMID: 28282214.

Westermann, R. W., Duchman, K. R., Glass, N., Amendola, A. & Wolf, B. R. (2017). All-Inside Versus Inside-Out Meniscal Repair with Concurrent Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: A Meta-Regression Analysis. American Journal of Sports Medicine, 45(3), 719-724. PMID: 27159291.

Westermann, R. W., Duchman, K. R., Graves, C., Schick, C. & Weinstein, S. L. (2017). What Does a Shoulder MRI Cost the Consumer?. Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, 475(3), 580-584. PMID: 27896680.

Westermann, R. W., Spindler, K. P., Hettrich, C. M. & Wolf, B. R. (2017). Outcomes Following ACL and Grade III MCL Injuries: Is there a Role for MCL Repair?. (Vols. 5). (3 suppl 3) Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine. PMID: PMC5400215.

Buckwalter, J. A., Westermann, R. W. & Amendola, A. (2017). Complete Proximal Hamstring Avulsions: Is There a Role for Conservative Management? A Systematic Review of Acute Repairs and Non-Operative Management. BMJ's Journal of ISAKOS: Joint Disorders & Orthopaedic Sports Medicine. DOI: 10.1136/jisakos-2016-000105.

Westermann, R. W., Wolf, B. R. & Elkins, J. (2017). Optimizing Graft Placement in Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: A Finite Element Analysis. Journal of Knee Surgery, 30(2), 97-106. PMID: 27119966.

Anthony, C., Pugely, A. J., Westermann, R. W., Gao, Y., Wolf, B. R. & Amendola, A. (2017). Complications and Risk Factors for Morbidity in Elective Hip Arthroscopy: A Review of 1325 Cases. American Journal of Orthopaedics, 46(1), E1-E9. PMID: 28235115.

Bedard, N. A., Pugely, A. J., Elkins, J., Duchman, K. R., Westermann, R. W., Gao, Y. & Callaghan, J. J. (2017). The John N. Insall Award: Do Intraarticlular Injections Increase the Risk of Infection After TKA?. Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, 475(1), 45-52. PMID: 26970991.

Duchman, K. R., Anthony, C., Westermann, R. W., Pugely, A. J., Gao, Y. & Hettrich, C. M. (2017). Total Shoulder Arthroplasty: Is Less Time in the Hospital Better?. Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, 37, 109-116. PMID: 28852344.

Gholson, J. J., Goetz, D. D., Westermann, R. W., Hart, J. & Callaghan, J. J. (2017). Management of Painful Patellar Clunk and Crepitance: Results at a Mean Follow-Up of Five Years. The Iowa Orthopaedic Journal, 37, 171-175. PMID: 28852353.

Burnett, R., Westermann, R. W., Duchman, K. R., Bollier, M., Hettrich, C. M. & Wolf, B. R. (2017). Timing of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction and Implications for Meniscus Pathology and Treatment: Results from a Prospective Cohort, Arthroscopy. (Vols. 33). (6), pp. e8. The Journal of Arthroscopic & Related Surgery.

Duchman, K., Westermann, R. & Wolf, B. (2017). Operative Strategies for Ulnar Collateral Ligament Insufficiency. In R. Tashjian (Eds.) The Unstable Elbow: An Evidence-Based Approach to Evaluation and Management.

Ferstl, F., Kanzler, M., Rautenhaus, M. & Westermann, R. (2017). Time-Hierarchical Clustering and Visualization of Weather Forecast Ensembles. IEEE transactions on visualization and computer graphics, 23(1), 831-840. PMID: 27875197.

Kanzler, M., Ferstl, F. & Westermann, R. (2016). Line density control in screen-space via balanced line hierarchies. Computers and Graphics (Pergamon), 61, 29-39. DOI: 10.1016/j.cag.2016.08.001.

Reichl, F., Weiss, J. & Westermann, R. (2016). Memory-Efficient Interactive Online Reconstruction From Depth Image Streams. Computer Graphics Forum, 35(8), 108-119. DOI: 10.1111/cgf.12779.

Demir, I., Jarmea, M. & Westermann, R. (2016). Visualizing the central tendency of ensembles of shapes. In SA 2016 - SIGGRAPH ASIA 2016 Symposium on Visualization. DOI: 10.1145/3002151.3002165.

Dick, C., Rogowsky, M. & Westermann, R. (2016). Solving the Fluid Pressure Poisson Equation Using Multigrid-Evaluation and Improvements. IEEE transactions on visualization and computer graphics, 22(11), 2480-92. PMID: 26841399.

Wu, J., Wang, C. C., Zhang, X. & Westermann, R. (2016). Self-supporting rhombic infill structures for additive manufacturing. CAD Computer Aided Design, 80, 32-42. DOI: 10.1016/j.cad.2016.07.006.

Westermann, R. W., Anthony, C. A., Ducman, K. R., Pugely, A. J., Gao, Y., Hettrich, C. M., Amendola, A. & Wolf, B. R. (In Press). Infection Following Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: An Analysis of 6,389 Cases. The Journal of Knee Surgery. PMID: 27780287.

Westermann, R. W., Lynch, T. S. & Spidler, K. P. (2016). Hot Topics in the Multicenter Orthopaedics Outcome Network: Anterior Cruciate Ligament. The Journal of Knee Surgery, 29(7), 539-542. PMID: 27642774.

Westermann, R. W., Kerr, Z. Y., Wehr, P. & Amendola, A. (2016). Increasing Lower Extremity Injury Rates Across the 2009-2010 to 2014-2015 Seasons of NCAA Football: An Unintended Consequence of the "Targeting" Rule Used to Prevent Concussion?. American Journal of Sports Medicine, 44(12), 3230-3236. PMID: 27511792.

Wu, J., Kramer, L. & Westermann, R. (2016). Shape interior modeling and mass property optimization using ray-reps. Computers and Graphics (Pergamon), 58, 66-72. DOI: 10.1016/j.cag.2016.05.003.

Westermann, R. W., Sybrowsky, C., Ramme, A., Amendola, A. & Wolf, B. R. (2016). Three-Dimensional Characterization of the Anterior Cruciate Ligament's Femoral Footprint. The journal of knee surgery, 29(5), e1. PMID: 27285181.

Westermann, R. W., Hancock, K., Buckwalter, J. A., Kopp, B. & Wolf, B. R. (2016). Return to Sports After Operative Management of Osteochondritis Dissecans of the Capitellum: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine, 4(6). PMID: 27482526.

Ferstl, F., Kanzler, M., Rautenhaus, M. & Westermann, R. (2016). Visual Analysis of Spatial Variability and Global Correlations in Ensembles of Iso-Contours. Computer Graphics Forum, 35(3), 221-230. DOI: 10.1111/cgf.12898.

Demir, I., Kehrer, J. & Westermann, R. (2016). Screen-space silhouettes for visualizing ensembles of 3D isosurfaces. In IEEE Pacific Visualization Symposium. (Vols. 2016-May). pp. 204-208. DOI: 10.1109/PACIFICVIS.2016.7465271.

Ferstl, F., Ando, R., Wojtan, C., Westermann, R. & Thuerey, N. (2016). Narrow band FLIP for liquid simulations. In Computer Graphics Forum. (Vols. 35). (2), pp. 225-232. DOI: 10.1111/cgf.12825.

Westermann, R., Wolf, B. (2016). Mapping a Biomechanical "Safe Zone" for Femoral Anterior Cruciate Ligament Graft Placement: A Finite Element Analysis. Journal of Knee Surgery and AANA Resident/Fellow Basic Science Award Paper. PMID: 27119966.

Westermann, R. W., Wehr, P. & Amendola, A. (2016). Unintended Consequences of Concussion Prevention in NCAA Football. (Vols. 4). (3) Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine. DOI: 10.1177/2325967116s00073.

Wu, J., Dick, C. & Westermann, R. (2016). A System for High-Resolution Topology Optimization. IEEE transactions on visualization and computer graphics, 22(3), 1195-208. PMID: 26600063.

Treib, M., Bürger, K., Wu, J. & Westermann, R. (2016). Compression and heuristic caching for GPU particle tracing in turbulent vector fields. In Communications in Computer and Information Science. pp. 144-165. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-29971-6_8.

Westermann, R. W., Anthony, C. A., Duchman, K. R., Pugely, A. J., Gao, Y. & Hettrich, C. M. (2016). Incidence, Causes and Predictors of 30-day Readmission After Shoulder Arthroplasty. Iowa Orthopaedic Journal, 36, 70-4. PMID: 27528839.

Westermann, R., Wolf, B. (In Press). Complications of Shoulder Arthroscopy. In Rockwood and Matsen's The Shoulder.

(2016). Football's Concussion Prevention Efforts May be Spurring More Leg Injuries. Health Day News for Healthier Living.

(2016). Football's Concussion Rules May Be Causing More Leg Injuries. NewsMax.

(2016). Rise in lower extremity injuries possible result of new concussion prevention rules. Science Daily.

(2016). Collegiate Concussion Prevention Rules May Increase Rates of Post-Traumatic OA. Rheumatology Advisor.

(2016). Could NCAA Football Concussion Prevention Tackling Rules Lead to Lower-Body Injuries?. International Business Times.

(2016). NCAA Concussion Tackling Rules May Be Increasing Lower Extremity Injuries. Clinical Pain Advisor.

(2016). New NCAA Concussion Rules May Have Spurred a Rise in Lower-Extremity Injuries. Physical Therapy Products.

Ferstl, F., Bürger, K. & Westermann, R. (2016). Streamline Variability Plots for Characterizing the Uncertainty in Vector Field Ensembles. IEEE transactions on visualization and computer graphics, 22(1), 767-76. PMID: 26390476.

Jarema, M., Kehrer, J. & Westermann, R. (2016). Comparative visual analysis of transport variability in flow ensembles. Journal of WSCG, 24(1), 25-34.

Jarema, M., Demir, I., Kehrer, J. & Westermann, R. (2015). Comparative visual analysis of vector field ensembles. In 2015 IEEE Conference on Visual Analytics Science and Technology, VAST 2015 - Proceedings. pp. 81-88. DOI: 10.1109/VAST.2015.7347634.

Westermann, R., Wolf, B. (2015). Rotator Cuff: Chapter 16: Indications for Repair: Who Really Needs Surgery?. In J. Kelly IV (Eds.) Elite Techniques in Shoulder Arthroscopy. Springer International Publishing.

Bedard, N. A., Pugely, A. J., Duchman, K. R., Westermann, R. W., Gao, Y. & Callaghan, J. J. (2015). When Hip Scopes Fail, They Do So Quickly. The Journal of Arthroplasty, 31(6), 1183-7. PMID: 26775065.

Duchman, K. R., Westermann, R. W., Spindler, K., MOON Group, & Wolf, B. R. (2015). The Fate of Meniscus Tears Left in Situ at the Time of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: A 6-year Follow-Up Study from the MOON Cohort. American Journal of Sports Medicine, 43(11), 2688-95. PMID: 26430058.

Duchman, K. D., Westermann, R. W., Spindler, K., MOON KNEE GROUP, & Wolf, B. R. (2015). The Fate of Meniscus Tears Left in situ at the time of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: A 6-year Follow-up Study from the MOON cohort. Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine. PMID: 26430058.

Westermann, R. W., Daniel, J. W., Callaghan, J. J. & Amendola, A. (2015). Arthroscopic Management of Popliteal Tendon Dysfunction in Total Knee Arthroplasty. Arthroscopy Techniques, 4(5), e565-e568. PMID: 26900555.

Wu, J., Westermann, R. & Dick, C. (2015). A Survey of Physically Based Simulation of Cuts in Deformable Bodies. Computer Graphics Forum, 34(6), 161-187. DOI: 10.1111/cgf.12528.

Westermann, R. W., Duchmann, K. D. & Amendola, A. (2015). Trends in Articular Cartilage Treatments of the Knee: An American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery Database Study. Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine. DOI: 10.1177/2325967115s00120.

Rautenhaus, M., Kern, M., Schäfler, A. & Westermann, R. (2015). Three-dimensional visualization of ensemble weather forecasts - Part 1: The visualization tool Met.3D (version 1.0). Geoscientific Model Development, 8(7), 2329-2353. DOI: 10.5194/gmd-8-2329-2015.

Rautenhaus, M., Grams, C. M., Schäfler, A. & Westermann, R. (2015). Three-dimensional visualization of ensemble weather forecasts - Part 2: Forecasting warm conveyor belt situations for aircraft-based field campaigns. Geoscientific Model Development, 8(7), 2355-2377. DOI: 10.5194/gmd-8-2355-2015.

(2015). Thirty-day unplanned readmission rates low after shoulder, knee arthroscopy. Orthopedics Today/Healio.

(2015). No Need to Treat Stable Meniscus Tears During ACL Surgery, New Research Shows. AOSSM News Release/AAOS Headline News Now.

Anthony, C., Westermann, R. W., Pugely, A. J., Gao, Y., Wolf, B. R. & Hettrich, C. (2015). What are Risk Factors for 30-day Morbidity and Transfusion in Total Shoulder Arthroplasty?: A Review of 1,922 Cases. Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, 473(6), 2099-105. PMID: 25524429.

Westermann, R. W., Pugely, A., Gao, Y., Ries, Z., Martin, C. T., Amendola, A. & Wolf, B. R. (2015). Causes and Predictors of 30-day Readmission after Shoulder and Knee Arthroscopy: An Analysis of 15,167 Cases. Arthroscopy, 31(6), 1035-1040. PMID: 26048765.

Westermann, R. W., Tritz, A., Grosso, K., Giblin, M. & Wolf, B. R. (2015). Evaluation of Men's and Woman's Gymanastics Injuries: A 10-year Observational Study. Sports Health, 7(2), 161-5. PMID: 25984262.

Westermann, R. W., Pugely, A., Gao, Y., Ries, Z., Martin, C. T., Amendola, A. & Wolf, B. R. (2015). What Leads to Hospital Readmission after Shoulder or Knee Arthroscopy?. AAOS Now Daily Edition.

Willey, M. C., Haleem, A., Karam, M. D., Westermann, R. W. & Marsh, J. L. (2015). Standard Antibiotic Prophylaxis Does Not Target MRSA in Open Tibia Fractures. AAOS Now Daily Addition.

Westermann, R. W., Pugely, A., Martin, C. T., Gao, Y., Wolf, B. R. & Hettrich, C. (2015). Reverse Shoulder Arthroplasty in the United States: A Comparison of National Volume, Patient Demographics, Complications, and Surgical indications. Iowa Orthopadic Journal, 35, 1-7. PMID: 26361437.

Mooers, B. R., Westermann, R. W. & Wolf, B. R. (2015). Outcomes Following Suture-Anchor Repair of Pectoralis Major Tears: A Case Series and Review of the Literature. Iowa Orthopaedic Journal, 35, 8-12. PMID: 26361438.

(2015). Presurgical Opioids Heighten Addiction Risk, Complications. Medscape.

Treib, M., Bürger, K., Wu, J. & Westermann, R. (2015). Analyzing the effect of lossy compression on particle traces in turbulent vector fields. In IVAPP 2015 - 6th International Conference on Information Visualization Theory and Applications; VISIGRAPP, Proceedings. pp. 279-288.

Westermann, R. W., Wolf, B. R. (2015). Indications for repair: Who really needs surgery?. In Elite Techniques in Shoulder Arthroscopy: New Frontiers in Shoulder Preservation. pp. 181-192. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-25103-5_16.

Demir, I., Westermann, R. (2015). Vector-to-closest-point octree for surface ray-casting. In VMV 2015 - Vision, Modeling and Visualization. pp. 65-72. DOI: 10.2312/vmv.20151259.

Demir, I., Dick, C. & Westermann, R. (2014). Multi-Charts for Comparative 3D Ensemble Visualization. IEEE transactions on visualization and computer graphics, 20(12), 2694-703. PMID: 26356983.

Schick, C., Westermann, R. W., Gao, Y., ACESS GROUP, & Wolf, B. R. (2014). Thromboembolism Following Shoulder Arthroscopy: A Retrospective Review. Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine, 2(11). PMID: 26535285.

Westermann, R., Wright, R., Spindler, K., Houston, L. & MOON Knee Group, (2014). Good Success Rate at 6 Years Following Meniscal Repair with Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction. MD Conference Express.

Westermann, R. W., Chamanni, R., Goets, J., Femino, J., Amendola, A. & Phistikul, P. (2014). The Effect of Suture-Button Fixation on Syndesmotic Malreduction: A Cadaveric Study. The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery, 96(20), 1732-8. PMID: 25320200.

Ferstl, F., Westermann, R. & Dick, C. (2014). Large-Scale Liquid Simulation on Adaptive Hexahedral Grids. IEEE transactions on visualization and computer graphics, 20(10), 1405-17. PMID: 26357387.

Westermann, R. W., Martin, W. & Wolf, B. R. (2014). Double Graft Anatomic Acromioclavicular Reconstruction: Surgical Technique and Early Results. Techniques in Shoulder & Elbow Surgery, 15(3).

Westermann, R. W., Wright, R. W., Spindler, K. P., Houston, L. J., MOON KNEE GROUP, & Wolf, B. R. (2014). Meniscal Repair with Concurrent Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: Operative Success and Patient Outcomes at 6 Year Follow-up. American Journal of Sports Medicine, 42(9), 2184-92. PMID: 25023440.

Westermann, R. W., Pugely, A., Martin, C. T., Gao, Y., Wolf, B. R. & Hettrich, C. M. (2014). Increasing Primary Shoulder Arthroplasty in the United States: An Analysis of 66,485 cases. SECEC Congress Proceedings.

Westermann, R. W., Wright, R. W., Houston, L. J., MOON KNEE GROUP, & Wolf, B. R. (2014). Meniscal Repair with Concurrent Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: Operative Success and Patient Outcomes at 6-year Follow-up. (Vols. 42). (9), pp. 2184-92. Orthopaedic Journal Sports Medicine. PMID: 25023440.

(2014). High success rates seen for combined meniscal, ACL repair. Orthopedics Today/Healio.

(2014). Study identifies reoperation rate, characteristics of meniscal tears left during ACL reconstruction. Orthopedics Today/Healio.

Westermann, R. W., Wright, R. W., Houston, L. J., MOON KNEE GROUP, & Wolf, B. R. (2014). Meniscal Repair with Concurrent Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: Operative Success and Patient Outcomes at 6-Year Follow-up. Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine, 2(2 Suppl). PMID: 25023440.

Georgii, J., Eder, M., Bürger, K., Klotz, S., Ferstl, F., Kovacs, L. & Westermann, R. (2014). A computational tool for preoperative breast augmentation planning in aesthetic plastic surgery. IEEE journal of biomedical and health informatics, 18(3), 907-19. PMID: 24132029.

Westermann, R. W., Sybrowsky, C., Ramme, A. J., Amendola, A. & Wolf, B. R. (2014). Three-Dimensional Characterization of the Anterior Cruciate Ligament Femoral Footprint. The Journal of Knee Surgery, 27(1), 53-8. PMID: 23765876.

Westermann, R. W., Wolf, B. R. (2014). Extensive Posterior-Inferior Heterotopic Ossification in Chronic Grade V Acromioclavicular Injury Blocking Reduction During Surgical Repair: A Report of Two Cases. HSS Journal, 10(2), 186-190. PMID: 25050103.

Westermann, R. W., DeBerardino, T. & Amendola, A. (2014). Minimizing Alteration of Posterior Tibial Slope During Opening Wedge High Tibial Osteotomy: A Protocol with Experimental Validation in Paired Cadaveric Knees. Iowa Orthopadic Journal, 34, 16-23. PMID: 25328454.

Wu, J., Westermann, R. & Dick, C. (2014). Real-time haptic cutting of high-resolution soft tissues. Studies in health technology and informatics, 196, 469-75. PMID: 24732558.

Westermann, R. W., Sybrowsky, C., Ramme, A. J., Amendola, A. & Wolf, B. R. (2013). Three Dimensional Characterization of the Femoral Footprint of the Posterior Crucuate Ligament. Arthroscopy, 29(11), 1811-6. PMID: 24209678.

Pfaffelmoser, T., Mihai, M. & Westermann, R. (2013). Visualizing the variability of gradients in uncertain 2D scalar fields. IEEE transactions on visualization and computer graphics, 19(11), 1948-61. PMID: 24029913.

Westermann, R. W., Wolf, B. R. & Wahl, C. J. (2013). Does Lateral Knee Geometry Influence Bone Bruise Patterns after Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury? A Report of Two Cases. Iowa Orthopadic Journal, 33, 217-220. PMID: 24027487.

Westermann, R. W., Wolf, B. R. & Elkins, J. (2013). Effect of ACL Reconstruction Graft Size on Simulated Lachman Testing: A Finite Element Analysis. Iowa Orthopadic Journal, 33, 70-77. PMID: 24027464.

Treib, M., Burger, K., Reichl, F., Meneveau, C., Szalay, A. & Westermann, R. (2012). Turbulence Visualization at the Terascale on Desktop PCs. IEEE transactions on visualization and computer graphics, 18(12), 2169-77. PMID: 26357124.

Wahl, C. J., Westermann, R. W., Blaisdell, G. Y. & Cizik, A. M. (2012). An Association of Lateral Knee Sagittal Anatomic Factors with Non-Contact ACL Injury: Sex or Geometry?. The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery American, 94(3), 217-26. PMID: 22298053.

Wahl, C. J., Westermann, R. W., Blaisdell, G. Y. & Cizik, A. M. (2012). An association of lateral knee sagittal anatomic factors with non-contact ACL injury: Gender or Geometry?. (Vols. 27). (5), pp. e66. Arthroscopy: The Journal of Arthroscopic & Related Surgery. PMID: 22298053.

Wahl, C. J., Westermann, R. W., Blaisdell, G. Y. & Cizik, A. M. (2012). An association of lateral knee sagittal anatomic factors with non-contact ACL injury: sex or geometry?. The Journal of bone and joint surgery. American volume, 94(3), 217-26. PMID: 22298053.

Fluck, O., Vetter, C., Wein, W., Kamen, A., Preim, B. & Westermann, R. (2011). A survey of medical image registration on graphics hardware. Computer methods and programs in biomedicine, 104(3), e45-57. PMID: 21112118.

Dick, C., Burgkart, R. & Westermann, R. (2011). Distance visualization for interactive 3D implant planning. IEEE transactions on visualization and computer graphics, 17(12), 2173-82. PMID: 22034336.

Dick, C., Georgii, J. & Westermann, R. (2011). A Hexahedral Multigrid Approach for Simulating Cuts in Deformable Objects. IEEE transactions on visualization and computer graphics, 17(11), 1663-75. PMID: 21173453.

Karakas, E., Steinfeldt, T., Gockel, A., Westermann, R. & Bartsch, D. K. (2011). Dangerous minimally invasive surgery: correct proposal. (Vols. 25). (8), pp. 2771-2. Surgical endoscopy. PMID: 21359888.

Karakas, E., Steinfeldt, T., Gockel, A., Schlosshauer, T., Dietz, C., Jäger, J., Westermann, R., Sommer, F., Richard, H. R., Exner, C., Sesterhenn, A. M. & Bartsch, D. K. (2011). Transoral thyroid and parathyroid surgery--development of a new transoral technique. Surgery, 150(1), 108-15. PMID: 21458014.

Karakas, E., Steinfeldt, T., Gockel, A., Westermann, R. & Bartsch, D. K. (2011). Transoral parathyroid surgery--feasible!. (Vols. 25). (5), pp. 1703-5. Surgical endoscopy. PMID: 21052723.

Westermann, R. W., Blaisdell, G. Y. & Wahl, C. J. (2011). Novel Risk Factors for Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury: Short Lateral Tibial Length and Decreased Lateral Tibial Plateau Radius of Curvature. (Vols. 59). (1), pp. 88-217. Journal of Investigative Medicine. DOI: 10.231/JIM.0b013e31820501bd.

Westermann, R. W., Blaisdell, G. Y., Meyer, L. D. & Wahl, C. J. (2011). The Relationship Between Lateral Tibial Plateau Geometry and the Incidence of Concurrent Meniscal Damage During Non-Contact ACL Injury. (Vols. 59). (1), pp. 218-223. Journal of Investigative Medicine. DOI: 10.231/JIM.0b013e3182050314.

Fraedrich, R., Auer, S. & Westermann, R. (2010). Efficient high-quality volume rendering of SPH data. IEEE transactions on visualization and computer graphics, 16(6), 1533-40. PMID: 20975195.

Jeong, W. K., Schneider, J., Turney, S. G., Faulkner-Jones, B. E., Meyer, D., Westermann, R., Reid, R. C., Lichtman, J. & Pfister, H. (2010). Interactive histology of large-scale biomedical image stacks. IEEE transactions on visualization and computer graphics, 16(6), 1386-95. PMID: 20975179.

Ferstl, F., Bürger, K., Theisel, H. & Westermann, R. (2010). Interactive separating streak surfaces. IEEE transactions on visualization and computer graphics, 16(6), 1569-77. PMID: 20975199.

Bürger, K., Krüger, J. & Westermann, R. (2010). Sample-based surface coloring. IEEE transactions on visualization and computer graphics, 16(5), 763-76. PMID: 20616392.

Karakas, E., Steinfeldt, T., Gockel, A., Westermann, R., Kiefer, A. & Bartsch, D. K. (2010). Transoral thyroid and parathyroid surgery. Surgical endoscopy, 24(6), 1261-7. PMID: 20033730.

Fraedrich, R., Schneider, J. & Westermann, R. (2009). Exploring the millennium run--scalable rendering of large-scale cosmological datasets. IEEE transactions on visualization and computer graphics, 15(6), 1251-8. PMID: 19834196.

Bürger, K., Ferstl, F., Theisel, H. & Westermann, R. (2009). Interactive streak surface visualization on the GPU. IEEE transactions on visualization and computer graphics, 15(6), 1259-66. PMID: 19834197.

Dick, C., Georgii, J., Burgkart, R. & Westermann, R. (2009). Stress tensor field visualization for implant planning in orthopedics. IEEE transactions on visualization and computer graphics, 15(6), 1399-406. PMID: 19834214.

Bürger, K., Krüger, J. & Westermann, R. (2008). Direct volume editing. IEEE transactions on visualization and computer graphics, 14(6), 1388-95. PMID: 18988988.

Georgii, J., Westermann, R. (2006). A generic and scalable pipeline for GPU tetrahedral grid rendering. IEEE transactions on visualization and computer graphics, 12(5), 1345-52. PMID: 17080871.

Kriger, J., Schneider, J. & Westermann, R. (2006). ClearView: An interactive context preserving hotspot visualization technique. IEEE transactions on visualization and computer graphics, 12(5), 941-8. PMID: 17080820.

Krüger, J., Kipfer, P., Kondratieva, P. & Westermann, R. (2005). A particle system for interactive visualization of 3D flows. IEEE transactions on visualization and computer graphics, 11(6), 744-56. PMID: 16270866.

Grady, L., Schiwietz, T., Aharon, S. & Westermann, R. (2005). Random walks for interactive organ segmentation in two and three dimensions: implementation and validation. Medical image computing and computer-assisted intervention : MICCAI ... International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention, 8(Pt 2), 773-80. PMID: 16686030.

Hiemisch, A., Ehlers, A. & Westermann, R. (2002). Mindsets in social anxiety: a new look at selective information processing. Journal of behavior therapy and experimental psychiatry, 33(2), 103-14. PMID: 12472174.

Themann, C., Alvarez Fischer, D., Gross, S., Westermann, R., Weihe, E., Kuschinsky, K., Schäfer, H. & Ferger, B. (2002). Effect of repeated treatment with high doses of selegiline on behaviour, striatal dopaminergic transmission and tyrosine hydroxylase mRNA levels. Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's archives of pharmacology, 365(1), 22-8. PMID: 11862330.

Alvarez Fischer, D., Schäfer, M. K., Ferger, B., Gross, S., Westermann, R., Weihe, E. & Kuschinsky, K. (2001). Sensitization to the behavioural effects of cocaine: alterations in tyrosine hydroxylase or endogenous opioid mRNAs are not necessarily involved. Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's archives of pharmacology, 363(3), 288-94. PMID: 11284443.

Halfter, H., Lotfi, R., Westermann, R., Young, P., Ringelstein, E. B. & Stögbauer, F. T. (1998). Inhibition of growth and induction of differentiation of glioma cell lines by oncostatin M (OSM). Growth factors (Chur, Switzerland), 15(2), 135-47. PMID: 9505169.

Schutter, E. M., Kenemans, P., Sohn, C., Kristen, P., Crombach, G., Westermann, R., Môbus, V., Kaufmann, M., Caffier, H. & Schmidt-Rhode, P. (1994). Diagnostic value of pelvic examination, ultrasound, and serum CA 125 in postmenopausal women with a pelvic mass. An international multicenter study. Cancer, 74(4), 1398-406. PMID: 8055463.

Unsicker, K., Grothe, C., Westermann, R. & Wewetzer, K. (1992). Cytokines in neural regeneration. Current opinion in neurobiology, 2(5), 671-8. PMID: 1422124.

Hansen, B., Lietzke, R., Unsicker, K. & Westermann, R. (1992). Developmental and strain-specific heterogeneity of rat adrenal chromaffin cells recognized by a monoclonal antibody against intact chromogranin B. International journal of developmental neuroscience : the official journal of the International Society for Developmental Neuroscience, 10(3), 183-95. PMID: 1442167.

Unsicker, K., Westermann, R. (1992). Basic fibroblast growth factor promotes transmitter storage and synthesis in cultured chromaffin cells. Brain research. Developmental brain research, 65(2), 211-6. PMID: 1349269.

Krüppel, T., Westermann, R. & Lueken, W. (1991). Calcium-dependent transient potassium outward current in the marine ciliate Euplotes vannus. Biochimica et biophysica acta, 1062(2), 193-8. PMID: 1900722.

Otto, D., Grothe, C., Westermann, R. & Unsicker, K. (1991). Basic FGF and its actions on neurons: a group account with special emphasis on the parkinsonian brain. Advances in experimental medicine and biology, 296, 239-47. PMID: 1781330.

Unsicker, K., Grothe, C., Otto, D. & Westermann, R. (1991). Basic fibroblast growth factor in neurons and its putative functions. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 638, 300-5. PMID: 1664687.

Westermann, R., Johannsen, M., Unsicker, K. & Grothe, C. (1990). Basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) immunoreactivity is present in chromaffin granules. Journal of neurochemistry, 55(1), 285-92. PMID: 2192016.

Grothe, C., Zachmann, K., Unsicker, K. & Westermann, R. (1990). High molecular weight forms of basic fibroblast growth factor recognized by a new anti-bFGF antibody. FEBS letters, 260(1), 35-8. PMID: 2298295.

Westermann, R., Unsicker, K. (1990). Basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) and rat C6 glioma cells: regulation of expression, absence of release, and response to exogenous bFGF. Glia, 3(6), 510-21. PMID: 2148553.

Westermann, R., Grothe, C. & Unsicker, K. (1990). Basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), a multifunctional growth factor for neuroectodermal cells. Journal of cell science. Supplement, 13, 97-117. PMID: 2084119.

Unsicker, K., Blottner, D., Gehrke, D., Grothe, C., Heymann, D., Stögbauer, F. & Westermann, R. (1990). Characterization of trophic factors stored and secreted by neurons. Advances in experimental medicine and biology, 265, 63-73. PMID: 2198781.

Blottner, D., Westermann, R., Grothe, C., Böhlen, P. & Unsicker, K. (1989). Basic Fibroblast Growth Factor in the Adrenal Gland. The European journal of neuroscience, 1(5), 471-478. PMID: 12106132.

Westermann, R., Mollenhauer, J., Johannsen, M. & Unsicker, K. (1989). Laminin and other basal lamina proteins with neurite promoting activity in medium conditioned by C6 glioma cells. International journal of developmental neuroscience : the official journal of the International Society for Developmental Neuroscience, 7(2), 219-30. PMID: 2711877.

Westermann, R., Stögbauer, F., Unsicker, K. & Lietzke, R. (1988). Calcium-dependence of chromogranin A-catecholamine interaction. FEBS letters, 239(2), 203-6. PMID: 3181426.

Westermann, R., Hardung, M., Meyer, D. K., Ehrhard, P., Otten, U. & Unsicker, K. (1988). Neuronotrophic factors released by C6 glioma cells. Journal of neurochemistry, 50(6), 1747-58. PMID: 3373213.

Landsman, D., Srikantha, T., Westermann, R. & Bustin, M. (1986). Chromosomal protein HMG-14. Complete human cDNA sequence and evidence for a multigene family. The Journal of biological chemistry, 261(34), 16082-6. PMID: 3782107.

Buhr, J., Vogel, H., Scheuch, K., Knothe, M., Scholz, A. & Westermann, R. U. (1986). [Changes in functional and psychological disorders in a 5-year period in teachers and managers]. Zeitschrift fur die gesamte Hygiene und ihre Grenzgebiete, 32(9), 569-71. PMID: 3798988.

Hager, W., Mecklenbräuker, S., Möller, H. & Westermann, R. (1985). [Emotional content, imagery, concreteness and meaningfulness of 580 adjectives: contribution to the standardization and evaluation of relation hypotheses]. Archiv fur Psychologie, 137(2), 75-97. PMID: 4038039.

Westermann, R., Grossbach, U. (1984). Localization of nuclear proteins related to high mobility group protein 14 (HMG 14) in polytene chromosomes. Chromosoma, 90(5), 355-65. PMID: 6439496.

Hager, W., Westermann, R. (1983). Ordinality and disordinality of first-order interaction in ANOVA. Archiv fur Psychologie, 135(4), 341-59. PMID: 6679261.

Westermann, R. (1982). Empirical test of scale type resulting from the Power Law for heaviness. Perceptual and motor skills, 55(3 Pt 2), 1167-73. PMID: 7167306.