Research and development has long been a central part of the department’s efforts. We have strong programs in Bioengineering and Basic biological research. The work produced in these areas has led to new technology and procedures. The department also has a long history of clinical research including studying the long term results and the natural history of disorders such as scoliosis, hip disease, and fractures. The Sports Medicine research team promotes projects that focus on ACL injury, shoulder instability, rotator cuff injury, patellofemoral joint dysfunction, knee rehabilitation, post-traumatic osteoarthritis, and concussion.