Lauris C. Kaldjian, MD, PhD

Richard M. Caplan Chair in Biomedical Ethics and Medical Humanities
Professor of Internal Medicine - General Internal Medicine

Contact Information

Primary Office
1-106 MEB
Iowa City, IA 52242


MD, University of Michigan Medical School
M Div, Yale Divinity School
PhD, Religious Ethics, Yale University
Internship, Internal Medicine, Yale-New Haven Hospital
Resident, Internal Medicine, Yale-New Haven Hospital
Fellow, Infectious Disease, Yale University School of Medicine

Licensure and Certifications

Federal Controlled Substance Certification - United States Department of Justice, Drug Enforcement Administration
Basic Life Support - American Heart Association
Iowa Controlled Substance Certification - Iowa Board of Pharmacy
Iowa Medical License - Iowa Board of Medicine
Diplomat in Infectious Diseases - American Board of Internal Medicine
Diplomat in Internal Medicine - American Board of Internal Medicine

Education/Training Program Affiliations

Interdisciplinary Graduate Program in Translational Biomedicine, Program in Bioethics and Humanities


Greiner, A. M., Kaldjian, L. C. (2018). Rethinking medical oaths using the Physician Charter and ethical virtues. Medical Education. PMID: 29700846.

Kaldjian, L. C. (2018). A melodious life: How polyphony and the cantus firmus can illuminate Integrity. Touchstone.

Kaldjian, L. C. (2017). Concepts of health, ethics, and communication in shared decision making. Communication & Medicine, 14(1), 83-95.

Polacco, M. A., Shinkunas, L., Perencevich, E. N., Kaldjian, L. C. & Reisinger, H. S. (2015). See one, do one, teach one: hand hygiene attitudes among medical students, interns, and faculty. American Journal of Infection Control, 43(2), 159–161. PMID: 25637116.

DeCamp, M., Farber, N. J., Torke, A. M., George, M., Berger, Z., Keirns, C. C. & Kaldjian, L. C. (2014). Ethical challenges for accountable care organizations: a structured review. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 29(10), 1392–1399. PMID: 24664441.

Kaldjian, L. C. (2014). Patient care and population health: goals, roles and costs. (Vols. 3). (2), pp. 311. Journal of Public Health Research. PMID: 25343140.

Kaldjian, L. C. (2014). Practicing medicine and ethics: integrating wisdom, conscience, and goals of care. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press.

Secunda, K., Gordon, E. J., Sohn, M. W., Shinkunas, L. A., Kaldjian, L. C., Voigt, M. D. & Levitsky, J. (2013). National survey of provider opinions on controversial characteristics of liver transplant candidates. Liver Transplantation, 19(4), 395-403. PMID: 23197388.

Kaldjian, L. C. (2013). Clinical ethical discussions: three ethical reasons why they can be very challenging. Clinical Business Excellence, 12, 12-15.

Christine, P. J., Kaldjian, L. C. (2013). Communicating evidence in shared decision making. The Virtual Mentor, 15(1), 17-Sep. PMID: 23356800.

Kaldjian, L. C. (2013). Communicating moral reasoning in medicine as an expression of respect for patients and integrity among professionals. Communication & Medicine, 10(2), 177–183. PMID: 24851512.

Leira, E. C., Kaldjian, L. C., Ludwig, B. R., Torner, J. C., Olalde, H. M., Hacke, W. & Adams, H. P. (2012). Lack of international consensus on ethical aspects of acute stroke trials. Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases, 21(3), 200-4. PMID: 20719537.

Brandt, D. S., Shinkunas, L. A., Gehlbach, T. G. & Kaldjian, L. C. (2012). Understanding Goals of Care Statements and Preferences among Patients and Their Surrogates in the Medical ICU. Journal of Hospice and Palliative Nursing, 14(2), 126-132. PMID: 22423214.

Kaldjian, L. C., Rosenbaum, M. E., Shinkunas, L. A., Woodhead, J. C., Antes, L. M., Rowat, J. A. & Forman-Hoffman, V. L. (2012). Through students' eyes: ethical and professional issues identified by third-year medical students during clerkships. Journal of Medical Ethics, 38(2), 130-2. PMID: 21947811.

Kaldjian, L. C., Shinkunas, L. A., Forman-Hoffman, V. L., Rosenbaum, M. E., Woodhead, J. C., Antes, L. M. & Rowat, J. A. (2012). Do Medical Students Recall and Use the Language of Ethics They are Taught Preclinically Once They are in the Clinical Training Environment? An Empirical Study in Ethics Education. AJOB Primary Research, 4(2), 23-30. DOI: 10.1080/21507716.2012.757258.

Ely, J. W., Kaldjian, L. C. & D'Alessandro, D. M. (2012). Diagnostic errors in primary care: lessons learned. Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM, 25(1), 87-97. PMID: 22218629.

Kaldjian, L. C. (2012). Patients and borders, money and mission: responding to medically needy persons from other countries who lack financial resources. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine, 55(2), 186-200. PMID: 22643757.

Ellingson, K., Polgreen, P. M., Schneider, A., Shinkunas, L., Kaldjian, L. C., Wright, D., Thomas, G. W., Segre, A. M., Herman, T., McDonald, L. C. & Sinkowitz-Cochran, R. (2011). Healthcare personnel perceptions of hand hygiene monitoring technology. Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology, 32(11), 1091-6. PMID: 22011536.

Haberle, T. H., Shinkunas, L. A., Erekson, Z. D. & Kaldjian, L. C. (2011). Goals of care among hospitalized patients: a validation study. The American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care, 28(5), 335-41. PMID: 21097876.

Gehlbach, T. G., Shinkunas, L. A., Forman-Hoffman, V. L., Thomas, K. W., Schmidt, G. A. & Kaldjian, L. C. (2011). Code status orders and goals of care in the medical ICU. Chest, 139(4), 802-9. PMID: 21292755.

Kaldjian, L. C., Broderick, A. (2011). Developing a policy for do not resuscitate orders within a framework of goals of care. Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety, 37(1), 9-Nov. PMID: 21306061.

Kaldjian, L. C., Shinkunas, L. A., Bern-Klug, M. & Schultz, S. K. (2010). Dementia, goals of care, and personhood: a study of surrogate decision makers' beliefs and values. The American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care, 27(6), 387-97. PMID: 20167835.

Kaldjian, L. C. (2010). Teaching practical wisdom in medicine through clinical judgement, goals of care, and ethical reasoning. Journal of Medical Ethics, 36(9), 558-62. PMID: 20817821.

Sarrazin, M. V., Cannon, K. T., Rosenthal, G. E. & Kaldjian, L. C. (2009). Racial differences in mortality among veterans hospitalized for exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Journal of the National Medical Association, 101(7), 656-62. PMID: 19634586.

Kaldjian, L. C., Erekson, Z. D., Haberle, T. H., Curtis, A. E., Shinkunas, L. A., Cannon, K. T. & Forman-Hoffman, V. L. (2009). Code status discussions and goals of care among hospitalized adults. Journal of Medical Ethics, 35(6), 338-42. PMID: 19482974.

Cannon, K. T., Sarrazin, M. V., Rosenthal, G. E., Curtis, A. E., Thomas, K. W. & Kaldjian, L. C. (2009). Use of mechanical and noninvasive ventilation in black and white chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients within the Veterans Administration health care system. Medical Care, 47(1), 129-33. PMID: 19106742.

Kaldjian, L. C., Curtis, A. E., Shinkunas, L. A. & Cannon, K. T. (2008). Goals of care toward the end of life: a structured literature review. The American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care, 25(6), 501-11. PMID: 19106284.

Kaldjian, L. C., Forman-Hoffman, V. L., Jones, E. W., Wu, B. J., Levi, B. H. & Rosenthal, G. E. (2008). Do faculty and resident physicians discuss their medical errors?. Journal of Medical Ethics, 34(10), 717-22. PMID: 18827101.

Kaldjian, L. C., Jones, E. W., Wu, B. J., Forman-Hoffman, V. L., Levi, B. H. & Rosenthal, G. E. (2008). Reporting medical errors to improve patient safety: a survey of physicians in teaching hospitals. Archives of Internal Medicine, 168(1), 40-6. PMID: 18195194.

Kaldjian, L. C. (2008). Review of: Biotechnology and the Human Good. In , C. B. Mitchell , E. D. Pellegrino , J. B. Elshtain , J. F. Kilner , S. B. Rae (Eds.) Am J Bioethics. (6), pp. 55-6. Georgetown University Press.

Kaldjian, L. C., Jones, E. W., Wu, B. J., Forman-Hoffman, V. L., Levi, B. H. & Rosenthal, G. E. (2007). Disclosing medical errors to patients: attitudes and practices of physicians and trainees. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 22(7), 988-96. PMID: 17473944.

Kaldjian, L. C., Jones, E. W., Rosenthal, G. E., Tripp-Reimer, T. & Hillis, S. L. (2006). An empirically derived taxonomy of factors affecting physicians' willingness to disclose medical errors. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 21(9), 942-8. PMID: 16918739.

Jones, E. W., Kaldjian, L. C. & Forman-Hoffman, V. (2006). Factors associated with gastrostomy tube feeding in dementia: a structured literature review. Alzheimer's & Dementia, 2(3), 234-42. PMID: 19595892.

Kaldjian, L. C., Jones, E. W. & Rosenthal, G. E. (2006). Facilitating and impeding factors for physicians' error disclosure: a structured literature review. Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient safety / Joint Commission Resources, 32(4), 188-98. PMID: 16649649.

Kaldjian, L. C., Jekel, J. F., Bernene, J. L., Rosenthal, G. E., Vaughan-Sarrazin, M. & Duffy, T. P. (2004). Internists' attitudes towards terminal sedation in end of life care. Journal of Medical Ethics, 30(5), 499-503. PMID: 15467087.

Kaldjian, L. C., Wu, B. J., Kirkpatrick, J. N., Thomas-Geevarghese, A. & Vaughan-Sarrazin, M. (2004). Medical house officers' attitudes toward vigorous analgesia, terminal sedation, and physician-assisted suicide. The American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care, 21(5), 381-7. PMID: 15510576.

Kaldjian, L. C., Jekel, J. F., Bernene, J. L., Rosenthal, G. E., Vaughan-Sarrazin, M. & Duffy, T. P. (2002). Should disagreement about physician-assisted suicide discourage professional societies from engaging in public debate? A survey of 677 Connecticut internists. Connecticut Medicine, 66(10), 603-9. PMID: 12448213.

Sofair, A. N., Kaldjian, L. C. (2000). Eugenic sterilization and a qualified Nazi analogy: the United States and Germany, 1930-1945. Annals of Internal Medicine, 132(4), 312-9. PMID: 10681287.

Kaldjian, L. C., Wu, B. J., Jekel, J. F., Kaldjian, E. P. & Duffy, T. P. (1999). Insertion of femoral-vein catheters for practice by medical house officers during cardiopulmonary resuscitation. The New England Journal of Medicine, 341(27), 2088-91. PMID: 10615084.

Kaldjian, L. C. (1999). A theological response to physician-assisted suicide. Theology Today (Princeton, N.J.), 56(2), 197-209. PMID: 12484406.

Kaldjian, L. C., Jekel, J. F. & Friedland, G. (1998). End-of-life decisions in HIV-positive patients: the role of spiritual beliefs. AIDS (London, England), 12(1), 103-7. PMID: 9456260.

Kaldjian, L. C. (1996). Persistent vegetative state in Connecticut: legal history and the presentation of a case. Connecticut Medicine, 60(8), 485-94. PMID: 8823980.

Barry, M., Kaldjian, L. C. (1993). Neurocysticercosis. Seminars in Neurology, 13(2), 131-43. PMID: 8356346.