Christopher S. Cooper, MD

Portrait
Vice Chair
Senior Associate Dean for Medical Education
Professor of Urology
Professor of Pediatrics

Contact Information

Office
3251 RCP
Iowa City, IA 52242
319-356-2421

Primary Office
1216 MERF
Iowa City, IA 52242
319-335-8435

Education

BA, University of Iowa
MD, University of Iowa College of Medicine
Resident, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, Urology
Fellow, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Pediatric Urology

Licensure and Certifications

Pediatric Urology Subspecialty Certification - American Board of Urology

Research Summary

Dr. Cooper's research focuses on the etiology, diagnosis and treatment of fetal genitourinary anomalies and pediatric voiding dysfunction. Recently, Dr. Cooper's research studies have concentrated on the treatment decision-making process in children with vesicoureteral reflux (VUR). VUR is the retrograde flow of urine from the bladder into the ureter, due to incompetence of the vesicoureteral valve (between the bladder and the ureter), which can lead to bacterial infection in the kidney. Because severe VUR (high grade), if left untreated, can lead to kidney damage, and mild (low grade) VUR may spontaneously resolve, parents and clinicians face a dilemma in determining which treatment, if any, is best for each child. Treatment may range from antibiotic prophylaxis to surgical intervention. Because surgery carries an inherent risk in any child, and long-term antibiotic use is debatable, careful consideration of all variables in each case of VUR must be considered. To further the understanding of VUR and which children are likely to benefit from various forms of intervention, Dr. Cooper and colleagues are actively investigating factors which may determine whether spontaneous resolution without sequelae is likely, or if intervention is warranted. Age, gender, grade of reflux, laterality, renal scarring, cause of reflux, as well as more complex factors such as bladder volume and pressure at onset of reflux, and bladder and bowel function, are all taken into account. Dr. Cooper and coworkers have analyzed these aspects and reported numerous findings, including the creation of a computational model to predict VUR outcome. Other aspects of Dr. Cooper's ongoing clinical research include prenatal hydronephrosis, including participation in an international database, overactive bladder, and reconstructive genitourinary surgery.

Publications

Cooper, C. S., Storm, D. W. (In Press). Infection and inflammation of the pediatric genitourinary tract. In A. J. Wein , L. R. Kavoussi & A. C. Novick , A. W. Partin , C. A. Peters (Eds.) Campbell-Walsh Urology. (12) Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier.

Storm, D. W., Arlen, A. M. & Cooper, C. S. (In Press). Obstructive uropathy. In L. Jain , G. Suresh (Eds.) Clinical Care Paths in Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.

Cooper, C. S., Greenfield, S. P. (Eds.) (In Press). Pediatric Urology for Primary Care. Elk Grove Villiage, IL: American Academy of Pediatrics.

Lockwood, G., Cooper, C. S. (In Press). Urinary Tract Infections. In C. S. Cooper , S. P. Greenfield (Eds.) Pediatric Urology for Primary Care. American Academy of Pediatrics.

Arlen, A., Cooper, C. (In Press). Urinary Tract Infection USA. In P. Godbole , M. Koyle , D. Wilcox (Eds.) Guide to Pediatric Urology and Surgery in Clinical Practice. (2nd) New York: Springer.

Gaither, T. W., Cooper, C. S., Kornberg, Z., Baskin, L. S., Copp, H. L. (2018). Risk Factors for the Development of Bladder and Bowel Dysfunction. Pediatrics, 141(1). PMID: 29282207.

Caldamone, A. A., Cooper, C. S. (2017). The Institutional Review Board. (Vols. 13). (6), pp. 557-558. Journal of pediatric urology. PMID: 29153437.

Groth, T., See, W., Ramsay, S., Cooper, C. S. & Kryger, J. (In Press). The implications of fellowship expansion on future pediatric urologist surgical volumes. Journal of Pediatric Urology.

Arlen, A. M., Cooper, C. S. & Leong, T. (2017). Role of body mass index in school-aged children with lower urinary tract dysfunction: Does weight classification predict treatment outcome?. Journal of pediatric urology, 13(5), 454.e1-454.e5. PMID: 28483466.

Bevill, M. D., Bonnett, K., Arlen, A., Cooper, C., Baxter, C. & Storm, D. W. (2017). Outcomes and satisfaction in pediatric patients with Chait cecostomy tubes. Journal of Pediatric Urology, 13(4), 365-370. PMID: 28545800.

Cooper, C. S. (2017). Fat, demented and stupid: An unrecognized legacy of pediatric urology?. Journal of pediatric urology, 13(4), 341-344. PMID: 28688993.

Bonnett, K. M., Fuller, L. L., Cooper, C. S., Arlen, A. M. & Storm, D. W. (2017). The Iowa Voiding Improvement Partnership experience: Early observations with a collaborative pediatric uro-psychologic clinic. Journal of pediatric urology, 13(4), 391.e1-391.e6. PMID: 28729177.

Storm, D. W., Braga, L. H. & Cooper, C. S. (2018). Continuous Antibiotic Prophylaxis in Pediatric Urology. Urologic Clinics of North America, 45(4), 525-538. DOI: 10.1016/j.ucl.2018.06.001.

Arlen, A. M., Leong, T., Guidos, P. J., Alexander, S. E. & Cooper, C. S. (2017). Distal Ureteral Diameter Ratio is Predictive of Breakthrough Febrile Urinary Tract Infection. The Journal of Urology, 198(6), 1418-1423. PMID: 28694079.

Arlen, A. M., Kirsch, A. J., Leong, T. & Cooper, C. S. (2017). Validation of the ureteral diameter ratio for predicting early spontaneous resolution of primary vesicoureteral reflux. Journal of Pediatric Urology, 13(4), 383.e1-383.e6. PMID: 28256423.

Anwar, T., Cooper, C. S., Gerard, L. L., Storm, D. W. (2017). Factors affecting missed appointments in a pediatric urology outpatient clinic. (Vols. 4). (4), pp. 290-295. Urology Practice. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.urpr.2016.07.003.

Asghar, A. M., Leong, T., Cooper, C. S. & Arlen, A. M. (2017). Hospital-acquired urinary tract infections in neonatal ICU patients: Is voiding cystourethrogram necessary?. Urology, 105, 163-166. PMID: 28408336.

Zee, R. S., Herndon CDA,, Cooper, C. S., Kim, C., McKenna, P. H., Khoury, A. & Herbst, K. W. (2017). Time to resolution: A prospective evaluation from the Society for Fetal Urology hydronephrosis registry. Journal of Pediatric Urology, 13(3), 316.e1-316.e5. PMID: 28215834.

Swanton, A. R., Arlen, A. M., Alexander, S. E., Kieran, K., Storm, D. W. & Cooper, C. S. (2017). Inter-rater reliability of distal ureteral diameter ratio compared to grade of VUR. Journal of Pediatric Urology, 13(2), 207.e1-207.e5. PMID: 28089295.

Garcia-Roig, M., Ridley, D. E., McCracken, C., Arlen, A. M., Cooper, C. S. & Kirsch, A. J. (2017). Vesicoureteral Reflux Index: Predicting Primary Vesicoureteral Reflux Resolution in Children Diagnosed after Age 24 Months. The Journal of Urology, 197(4), 1150-1157. PMID: 27939835.

Bevill, M., Kattula, A., Cooper, C. S. & Storm, D. W. (2017). The Modern Metabolic Stone Evaluation in Children. Urology, 101, 15-20. PMID: 27838366.

Bunting-Early, T. E., Shaikh, N., Woo, L., Cooper, C. S. & Figueroa, T. E. (2017). The need for improved detection of urinary tract infections in young children. Frontiers in Pediatrics, 5, 24. PMID: 28271057.

Shapiro, E., Cooper, C. S. & Greenfield, S. (2017). The American Academy of Pediatrics Workforce Survey for the Section on Urology 2015. Journal of Pediatric Urology, 13(1), 68-72. PMID: 28089294.

Cooper, C. S., Caldamone, A. A. (2017). Development of the certificate of added qualification in pediatric urology in the U.S. Guest Editorial. Canadian Urological Association Journal = Journal de l'Association des urologues du Canada, 11(1-2), 10-11. PMID: 28443136.

Frimberger, D., Bauer, S. B., Cain, M. P., Greenfield, S. P., Kirsch, A. J., Ramji, F., Mercado-Deane, M. G. & Cooper, C. S. (2016). Commentary: Establishing a standard protocol for the voiding cystourethrography (VCUG). (Vols. 12). (6), pp. 361. Journal of Pediatric Urology. PMID: 27908597.

Bertrand, L. A., Askeland, E. J., Mathews, K. D., Erickson, B. A. & Cooper, C. S. (2016). Prevalence and bother of patient-reported lower urinary tract symptoms in the muscular dystrophies. Journal of pediatric urology, 12(6), 398.e1-398.e4. PMID: 27567595.

Frimberger, D., Mercado-Deane, M. G., McKenna P, P., Austin, J., Austin, P., Cooper, C., Greenfield, S., Herndon, C., Herndon, T., MacNeily, A., Park, J., Wan, J., Annam, A., Bulas, D., Cassese, J., Milla, S., Seidel, F. & Cassady, C. (2016). Establishing a Standard Protocol for the Voiding Cystourethrography. Pediatrics, 138(5). PMID: 27940792.

Arlen, A. M., Alexander, S. E., Wald, M. & Cooper, C. S. (2016). Computer model predicting breakthrough febrile urinary tract infection in children with primary vesicoureteral reflux. Journal of pediatric urology, 12(5), 288.e1-288.e5. PMID: 27072485.

Zee, R. S., Herbst, K. W., Kim, C., McKenna, P. H., Bentley, T., Cooper, C. S. & Herndon, C. D. (2016). Urinary tract infections in children with prenatal hydronephrosis: A risk assessment from the Society for Fetal Urology Hydronephrosis Registry. Journal of pediatric urology, 12(4), 261.e1-7. PMID: 27290614.

Frimberger, D., Cooper, C. S., Ramji, F., Aston, C., Ramadan, M., Kieran, K., Storm, D. W., Sato, Y., Kropp, B. P. & Palmer, B. (2016). Multi-institutional Study Comparing the Height of Contrast During Performance of Voiding Cystourethrogram in Children. Urology, 93, 180-4. PMID: 27060431.

Arlen, A. M., Garcia-Roig, M., Weiss, A. D., Leong, T., Cooper, C. S. & Kirsch, A. J. (2016). Vesicoureteral Reflux Index: 2-Institution Analysis and Validation. The Journal of urology, 195(4 Pt 2), 1294-9. PMID: 25813448.

Koppen, I. J., von Gontard, A., Chase, J., Cooper, C. S., Rittig, C. S., Bauer, S. B., Homsy, Y., Yang, S. S. & Benninga, M. A. (2016). Management of functional nonretentive fecal incontinence in children: Recommendations from the International Children's Continence Society. Journal of pediatric urology, 12(1), 56-64. PMID: 26654481.

Storm, D. W., Cooper, C. S. (2016). Urinary tract infections in infants and children. In L. R. Kavoussi , A. C. Novick , A. W. Partin , C. A. Peters (Eds.) Campbell-Walsh Urology. (11) Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier.

Arlen, A. M., Cooper, C. S. (2016). Vesicoureteral reflux. In H. Rushton , A. Barakat (Eds.) Congenital Anomalies of the Kidney and Urinary Tract: Clinical Implications in Children. New York, NY: Springer.

Arlen, A. M., Cooper, C. S. (2015). Controversies in the management of vesicoureteral reflux. Current Urology Reports, 16(9), 64. PMID: 26199037.

Cooper, C. S., Alexander, S. E., Kieran, K. & Storm, D. W. (2015). Utility of the distal ureteral diameter on VCUG for grading VUR. Journal of pediatric urology, 11(4), 183.e1-6. PMID: 26189589.

Alexander, S. E., Arlen, A. M., Storm, D. W., Kieran, K. & Cooper, C. S. (2015). Bladder volume at onset of vesicoureteral reflux is an independent risk factor for breakthrough febrile urinary tract infection. The Journal of urology, 193(4), 1342-6. PMID: 25305355.

Alexander, S. E., Storm, D. W. & Cooper, C. S. (2015). Teasing in school locker rooms regarding penile appearance. The Journal of urology, 193(3), 983-7. PMID: 25281780.

Alexander, S. E., Storm, D. W. & Cooper, C. S. (2015). Teasing in school locker rooms regarding penile appearance. The Journal of urology, 193(3), 983-7. PMID: 25281780.

Crockett, C. D., Bertrand, L. A., Cooper, C. S., Rahhal, R. M., Liu, K., Zimmerman, M. B., Moore, S. A. & Mathews, K. D. (2015). Urologic and gastrointestinal symptoms in the dystroglycanopathies. Neurology, 84(5), 532-9. PMID: 25568299.

Arlen, A. M., Cooper, C. S. (2015). Pediatric cryptorchidism, hydroceles and hernias. In S. D. Graham , T. E. Keane (Eds.) Glenn’s Urologic Surgery. (8) Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Cooper, C. S. (2014). Fetal urology. (Vols. 10). (6), pp. 1000. Journal of pediatric urology. PMID: 25468362.

Nguyen, H. T., Benson, C. B., Bromley, B., Campbell, J. B., Chow, J., Coleman, B., Cooper, C., Crino, J., Darge, K., Herndon, C. D., Odibo, A. O., Somers, M. J. & Stein, D. R. (2014). Multidisciplinary consensus on the classification of prenatal and postnatal urinary tract dilation (UTD classification system). Journal of pediatric urology, 10(6), 982-98. PMID: 25435247.

El Bcheraoui, C., Zhang, X., Cooper, C. S., Rose, C. E., Kilmarx, P. H. & Chen, R. T. (2014). Rates of adverse events associated with male circumcision in U.S. medical settings, 2001 to 2010. JAMA pediatrics, 168(7), 625-34. PMID: 24820907.

Kieran, K., Cooper, C. S. (2014). In Role of bladder dysfunction in vesicoureteral reflux. (9), pp. 197-204. Current Bladder Dysfunction Reports.

Storm, D. W., Cooper, C. S. (2014). Hematuria, gross and microscopic: Pediatric. In L. Gomella (Eds.) The 5-Minute Urology Consult. Philadelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer.

Nepple, K. G., Cooper, C. S. (2014). Multicystic dysplastic kidney. In R. Rabinowitz , W. C. Hulbert , R. A. Mevorach (Eds.) Pediatric Urology for the Primary Care Physician. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press.

Kieran, K., Cooper, C. S. (2014). Urinary tract infection: pediatric. In L. Gomella (Eds.) The 5-Minute Urology Consult. Philadelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer.

Arlen, A., Cooper, C. S. (2014). Vesicoureteral reflux. In L. Gomella (Eds.) The 5-Minute Urology Consult. Philadelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer.

Cooper, C. S. (2013). Commentary to 'Prevalence and risk factors for renal scars in children with febrile UTI and/or VUR: a cross-sectional observational study of 565 consecutive patients'. Journal of pediatric urology, 9(6 Pt A), 864; discussion 865-6. PMID: 23352898.

Askeland, E. J., Arlen, A. M., Erickson, B. A., Mathews, K. D. & Cooper, C. S. (2013). Urological manifestations of Duchenne muscular dystrophy. The Journal of urology, 190(4 Suppl), 1523-8. PMID: 23357214.

Burgers, R. E., Mugie, S. M., Chase, J., Cooper, C. S., von Gontard, A., Rittig, C. S., Homsy, Y., Bauer, S. B. & Benninga, M. A. (2013). Management of functional constipation in children with lower urinary tract symptoms: report from the Standardization Committee of the International Children's Continence Society. The Journal of urology, 190(1), 29-36. PMID: 23313210.

Cooper, C. S., Birusingh, K. K., Austin, J. C., Knudson, M. J. & Brophy, P. D. (2013). Distal ureteral diameter measurement objectively predicts vesicoureteral reflux outcome. Journal of Pediatric Urology, 9(1), 99-103. PMID: 22236467.

Cooper, C. S. (2012). Individualizing management of vesicoureteral reflux. Nephro-urology monthly, 4(3), 530-4. PMID: 23573480.

Arlen, A. M., Pakalniskis, B. L. & Cooper, C. S. (2012). Asymptomatic chronic partial obstruction of a normal ureter following dextranomer/hyaluronic acid copolymer (Deflux®) injection for grade I vesicoureteral reflux. J Pediatr Urol, 8, e27-30.

Arlen, A. M., Boyt, M. A. & Cooper, C. S. (2012). School nurse perceptions and knowledge of pediatric toileting. J Pediatr Urol, 8, 205-8.

Braasch, M. R., Griffith, T. S., Cooper, C. S. & Austin, J. C. (2011). Description of a novel murine model for ileocystoplasty and early histologic changes. ScientificWorldJournal, 11, 1325-31.

Arlen, A. M., Cooper, C. S., Morcuende, J. & Austin, J. (2011). Safety and efficacy of spica casts for immobilization following initial bladder closure in classic bladder exstrophy. J Pediatr Urol, 7, 456-9.

Nepple, K. G., Arlen, A. M., Austin, J. & Cooper, C. S. (2011). The prognostic impact of an abnormal initial renal ultrasound on early reflux resolution. J Pediatr Urol, 7, 462-6.

Cooper, C. S. (2011). VUR survivor guide for the pediatric urologist (or, how the west was won). (32), pp. 4-5. Dialogues Pediatric Urology.

Austin, J. C., Cooper, C. S. (2010). Vesicoureteral reflux: who benefits from correction. Urol Clin North Am, 37(2), 243-52. PMID: 20569802.

Crozier, S. R., Inskip, H. M., Barker, M. E., Lawrence, W. T., Cooper, C. S. & Robinson, S. M. (2010). Development of a 20-item food frequency questionnaire to assess a 'prudent' dietary pattern among young women in Southampton. Eur J Clin Nutr, 64(1), 99-104. PMID: 19756032.

Austin, J., Cooper, C. S. (2010). Vesicoureteral reflux: who benefits from correction?. Urol Clin North Am, 37, 243-52.

Cooper, C. S. (2009). Diagnosis and management of vesicoureteral reflux in children. Nat Rev Urol, 6(9), 481-9. PMID: 19668250.

Janda, G. M., Nepple, K. G., Cooper, C. S. & Austin, J. C. (2009). Supernumerary kidney in a child with OEIS complex. Urology, 74(2), 305-7. PMID: 19371928.

Shiraishi, K., Matsuyama, H., Nepple, K. G., Wald, M., Niederberger, C. S., Austin, C. J. & Cooper, C. S. (2009). Validation of a prognostic calculator for prediction of early vesicoureteral reflux resolution in children. J Urol, 182(2), 687-90; discussion 690-1.

Barker, M., Lawrence, W. T., Skinner, T. C., Haslam, C. O., Robinson, S. M., Inskip, H. M., Margetts, B. M., Jackson, A. A., Barker, D. J. & Cooper, C. S. (2008). Constraints on food choices of women in the UK with lower educational attainment. Public Health Nutr, 11(12), 1229-37. PMID: 18298884.

Nepple, K. G., Knudson, M. J., Austin, J. C., Wald, M., Makhlouf, A. A., Niederberger, C. S. & Cooper, C. S. (2008). Adding renal scan data improves the accuracy of a computational model to predict vesicoureteral reflux resolution. J Urol, 180(4 Suppl), 1648-52; discussion 1652. PMID: 18715584.

Nepple, K. G., Knudson, M. J., Cooper, C. S. & Austin, J. C. (2007). Symptomatic calcification of subureteral collagen ten years after injection. Urology, 69(5), 982.e1-2. PMID: 17482948.

Allen, H. A., Austin, J. C., Boyt, M. A., Hawtrey, C. E. & Cooper, C. S. (2007). Initial trial of timed voiding is warranted for all children with daytime incontinence. Urology, 69(5), 962-5. PMID: 17482943.

Nepple, K. G., Cooper, C. S. (2007). Overactive bladder in children. K. J. Kreder , R. R. Dmochowski (Eds.) The Overactive Bladder: Diagnosis and Management/Informa Press, London.

Cooper, C. S. (2007). Ureteral anomalies and their surgical management. S. G. Docimo , D. A. Canning , A. E. Khoury (Eds.) (5th ed) Clinical Pediatric Urology/Informa Healthcare, Ltd, London.

Gallagher, B., Cooper, C. S. (2007). Bilateral testicular masses: an unusual presentation of neuroblastoma. Helix Review Series Urology, 2, 18-20.

Cooper, C. S. (2007). Lordelo P, et al. Lower urinary tract dysfunction in children: what do preschool teachers know about it?. (Vols. 33). pp. 388. Int Braz J Urol.

Nepple, K. G., Cooper, C. S. (2007). Modified Cecil-Culp repair of urethrocutaneous fistula. A. Hadidi , A. F. Azmy (Eds.) (2nd ed) Hypospadias Surgery-Art and Science/Univ of Glasgow Press, UK.

Van Arendonk, K. J., Madsen, M. T., Austin, J. C., Hawtrey, C. E., Graham, M. M. & Cooper, C. S. (2007). Nuclear cystometrogram-determined bladder pressure at onset of vesicoureteral reflux predicts spontaneous resolution. Urology, 69, 767-770.

Gallagher, B., Vibhakar, R., Rao, S. & Cooper, C. S. (2006). Bilateral testicular masses: an unusual presentation of neuroblastoma. Urology, 68, 672, e15-17.

Cooper, C. S. (2006). Cook A et al. Pediatric renal cell carcinoma: single institution 25-year case series and initial experience with partial nephrectomy. (Vols. 175). pp. 1460. J Urol.

Koyle, M. A., Clement, M., Cooper, C. S., Grady, R. & Kirsch, A. (2006). Critical appraisal: antibiotic prophylaxis and endoscopic injection for VUR. Issues in Urology, May/June, 123-130.

Cooper, C. S. (2006). Double-J stent insertion across the vesico-ureteral junction: is it a valuable initial approach in neonates and infants with severe primary nonrefluxing megaureter?. (Vols. 68). pp. 875-876. Urology.

Cooper, C. S. (2006). Morris MS et al, Fibrin sealant as tissue glue: preliminary experience in complex genital reconstructive surgery. (Vols. 67). pp. 691-692. Urology.

Cooper, C. S. (2006). What good, or harm, comes from prophylactic antibiotics in children with vesicoureteral reflux?. Nat Clin Practice Urol, 3, 416-417.

Van Arendonk, K., Austin, J. C., Boyt, M. & Cooper, C. S. (2005). Improved efficacy of extended release anticholinergics in children with daytime urinary incontinence. North Central Section Annual Meeting.

Cooper, C. S., Snyder III, H. M. (2005). The Mitrofanoff principle in continent urinary diversion. K. J. Kreder , A. Stone (Eds.) (2nd ed) Urinary Diversion/Taylor & Francis, Ltd, London.

Cooper, C. S., Williams, R. (2005). Urology. L. W. Way , G. Doherty (Eds.) Current Surgical Diagnosis and Treatment/McGraw-Hill Medical, NY.

Cooper, C. S., Austin, J. C. (2004). Vesicoureteral reflux: who benefits from surgery?. Urol Clin North Am, 31(3), 535-41, x. PMID: 15313063.

Koyle, M. A., Clement, M., Cooper, C. S., Grady, R. & Kirsch, A. (2004). A critical appraisal of antibiotic prophylaxis and endoscopic injection for vesicoureteral reflux. American Academy of Pediatrics Annual Meeting.

Landgraf, J. M., Abidari, J., Cilento Jr., B. G., Cooper, C. S., Schulman, S. L. & Ortenberg, J. (2004). Coping, commitment, and attitude: quantifying the everyday burden of enuresis on children and their families. Pediatrics, 113, 334-344.

Bartel, T., Juweid, M., Cooper, C. S. & Graham, M. M. (2004). Is it still justified to use F+20 diuretic renography (F+20 dr) as initial technique of choice in infants and children with suspected urinary tract obstruction (UTO)?. Society of Nuclear Medicine Annual Meeting.

Wang, D. S., Bird, V. G., Cooper, C. S., Austin, J. C. & Winfield, H. (2004). Laparoscopic upper pole heminephrectomy for ectopic ureter: initial experience. Can J Urol, 11, 2141-2145.

Cooper, C. S., Docimo, S. (2004). Pediatric cryptorchidism, hydroceles and hernias. S. D. Graham , T. E. Keane , J. Glenn (Eds.) (6th edition) Glenn’s Urologic Surgery/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, PA.

Cooper, C. S., Elder, J. (2004). Pediatric renal tumors. E. D. Avner , W. E. Harmon , P. Niaudet (Eds.) (5th ed) Pediatric Nephrology/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, PA.

Cooper, C. S., Hedican, S. P. (2003). Mini-percutaneous ultrasonic nephrolithotripsy for pediatric staghorn calculi. J Urol, 170, 1336-1337.

Gerard, L. L., Cooper, C. S., Duethman, K. S., Gordley, B. M. & Kleiber, C. M. (2003). Effectiveness of lidocaine lubricant for discomfort during pediatric urethral catheterization. J Urol, 170(2 Pt 1), 564-7. PMID: 12853831.

Gatti, J. M., Cooper, C. S. & Kirsch, A. J. (2003). Bimanual digital rectal examination for the evaluation of the nonpalpable testis. J Urol, 170(1), 207-10.

Gerard, L. L., Cooper, C. S., Deuthman, K. S., Gordley, B. M. & Kleiber, C. (2003). Effectiveness of lidocaine lubricant for children’s discomfort with urethral catheterization. Society of Pediatric Nurses 13th Annual Conference, Best Research Poster Award.

Gatti, J. M., Cooper, C. S. & Kirsch, A. J. (2003). Bimanual digital rectal exam in the evaluation of non-palpable testis. J Urol, 170, 207-210.

Mindrup, S., Cooper, C. S., Hodroff, M. & Hawtrey, C. E. (2003). Comparison of relative renal function by renal scintigraphy and lateralized creatinine clearance in children with bilateral vesicoureteral reflux. Urology, 61, 816-819.

Cooper, C. S. (2003). Duplicated ureters and ureteroceles. J. P. Gearhart (Eds.) Pediatric Urology/Humana Press, NJ.

Gerard, L. L., Cooper, C. S., Duethman, K., Gordley, B. & Kleiber, C. (2003). Effectiveness of lidocaine lubricant for children's discomfort during urethral catheterization. J Urol, 170, 564-567.

Gerard, L. L., Cooper, C. S., Deuthman, K. S., Gordley, B. M. & Kleiber, C. (2003). Effectiveness of lidocaine lubricant for children’s discomfort during urethral catheterization. American Urological Association Annual Meeting.

Cooper, C. S., Hawtrey, C. E. (2003). Modified Cecil-Culp repair of urethrocutaneous fistula. A. Hadidi , A. F. Azmy (Eds.) Hypospadias Surgery- Art and Science/Univ of Glasgow Press, UK.

Cooper, C. S., Kryger, J. V., Docimo, S. G. & Hedican, S. P. (2003). Outcome of laparoscopy following non-diagnostic open exploration for cryptorchidism. American Urological Association Annual Meeting.

Nelson, J. D., Boyt, M., Cooper, C. S., Hawtrey, C. E. & Austin, J. C. (2003). Results of biofeedback therapy for pediatric urinary incontinence. American Academy of Pediatrics Annual Meeting.

Sherbondy, A., Cooper, C. S., Kalinowski, S., Boyt, M. & Hawtrey, C. E. (2003). Variability in microwave sterilization technique for catheters in a single clinic population with neurogenic bladders. J Urol, 168, 562-564.

Cooper, C. S., Hedican, S. P. (2002). Mini-percutaneous ultrasonic lithotripsy for pediatric staghorn calculi. Society for Fetal Urology Meeting.

Cooper, C. S., Hawtrey, C. E., Gerard, L., Grahm, M. & Madsen, M. (2002). The predictive value of bladder pressure at the onset of reflux determined by nuclear cystometrogram. American Academy of Pediatrics Annual Mtg.

Erickson, B., Cooper, C. S. & Boyt, M. A. (2002). The utility of Miralax® for constipation in children with dysfunctional elimination. American Academy of Pediatrics Annual Meeting.

Cooper, C. S., Hawtrey, C. E., Gerard, L., Grahm, M. & Madsen, M. (2002). The predictive value of bladder pressure at the onset of reflux determined by nuclear cystometrogram. North Central Section American Urological Association Annual Meeting.

Burns, J. A., Cooper, C. S. & Austin, J. C. (2002). Cystic dysplasia of the testis associated with ipsilateral renal agenesis and contralateral crossed ectopia. Urology, 60(2), 344. PMID: 12137846.

Sherbondy, A. L., Cooper, C. S., Kalinowski, S. E., Boyt, M. A. & Hawtrey, C. E. (2002). Variability in catheter microwave sterilization techniques in a single clinic population. J Urol, 168(2), 562-4. PMID: 12131310.

Abousally, C. T., Boyt, M. A. & Cooper, C. S. (2002). Elementary school teacher survey: Pediatric toileting in public schools. 4th Annual Student Interdisciplinary Health Research Poster Session, Award winning poster..

Cooper, C. S., Andrews, J. I., Hansen, W. F. & Yankowitz, J. (2002). Antenatal hydronephrosis: evaluation and outcome. Curr Urol Rep, 3(2), 131-8. PMID: 12084205.

Hansen, W. F., Cooper, C. S. & Yankowitz, J. (2002). Ureterocele causing anhydramnios successfully treated with percutaneous decompression. Obstet Gynecol, 99(5 suppl 1), 953-956.

Williams, R., Cooper, C. S. & Donovan, J. F. (2002). Urology. L. W. Way , G. Doherty (Eds.) (11th edition) Current Surgical Diagnosis and Treatment/McGraw-Hill, CT.

Rippentrop, J. M., Cooper, C. S. & Hawtrey, C. E. (2002). Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis in a VURD kidney. J Urol, 167, 1431-1432.

Mindrup, S. R., Cooper, C. S., Hodroff, M. A. & Hawtrey, C. E. (2002). Comparison of renal function by renal scintigraphy and lateralized creatinine clearance in children with bilateral vesicoureteral reflux. American Urological Association Annual Meeting.

Block, C. A., Cooper, C. S. & Hawtrey, C. E. (2002). Long-term efficacy of periurethral collagen injection for the treatment of urinary incontinence secondary to myelomeningocele. Society for Pediatric Urology Annual Meeting.

Block, C., Cooper, C. S. & Hawtrey, C. E. (2002). Long-term efficacy of preriurethral Contigen® injections in patients with meningomyelocele. J Urol, 169, 327-329.

Wittkopf, J. E., Cooper, C. S. & Hawtrey, C. E. (2002). Penile agenesis with separated scrotum and normal renal function in one of identical twins. J Urol, 167, 687-688.

Cooper, C. S., Hansen, W. F. & Yankowitz, J. (2001). Ureterocele causing anhydramnios successfully treated with percutaneous decompression. Society for Fetal Urology, Fall Meeting.

Rippentrop, J. M., Cooper, C. S. & Hawtrey, C. E. (2001). Xanthogranulomatous Pyelonephritis in a VURD Kidney Following Prenatal Intervention. (Vols. 8). (No 2) Society for Fetal Urology, Spring Meeting.

Cooper, C. S. (2001). Your Practice Online. Medem, Your Practice Online.

Cooper, C. S., Noh, P. H., Zderic, S. A. & Huff, D. S. (2001). Abnormal testicular histology in Michelin tire syndrome. Clin Dysmorphol, 10, 75-76.

Ehle, J. J., Cooper, C. S., Peche, W. J. & Hawtrey, C. E. (2001). Application of the Cecil-Culp repair for treatment of urethrocutaneous fistulas after hypospadias surgery. Urology, 57, 347-350.

Cooper, C. S. (2001). Clinical Practice Guideline: Diagnosis, treatment and evaluation of the initial urinary tract infection in young children. UIHC: Currents, 2(4).

Mindrup, S. R., Cooper, C. S., Hodroff, M. & Hawtrey, C. E. (2001). Comparison of relative renal function by renal scintigraphy and lateralized creatinine clearance in children with bilateral vesicoureteral reflux. American Urological Association Annual Meeting.

Cooper, C. S., Docimo, S. (2001). Cryptorchidism. Up To Date: Cryptorchidism.

Cooper, C. S., Abousally, C. T., Boyt, M. A. & Hawtrey, C. E. (2001). Elementary school teacher survey: Pediatric toileting in public schools. American Urological Association Annual Meeting.

Zenni, M. K., Cooper, C. S., Hutcheson, J. C., Fenig, D. M., Snyder III, H. M. & Hawtrey, C. E. (2001). Intravesical Jackson-Pratt drain for urinary diversion after augmentation cystoplasty. J Urol, 165, 1233-1234.

Kirsch, A. J., Cooper, C. S., Gatti, J., Scherz, H., Canning, D. A., Zderic, S. A. & Snyder III, H. M. (2001). Laser tissue soldering for hypospadias repair: results of a controlled prospective clinical trial. J Urol, 165, 574-577.

Cooper, C. S., Schwartz, I. P., Suh, D. & Kirsch, A. J. (2001). Optimal solder and power density for diode laser tissue soldering (LTS). Lasers Surg Med, 29, 53-61.

Cooper, C. S., Snyder III, H. M. (2001). Pediatric neoplasia. R. M. Weiss , N. George , P. M. O’Reilly (Eds.) Comprehensive Urology/Mosby, St. Louis.

Kirsch, A. J., Snyder III, H. M. & Cooper, C. S. (2001). Pediatric Urologic Gynecology. Pediatric Urologic Gynecology.

Cooper, C. S., Gallagher, B. & Carson, M. (2001). Prepubertal Testicular Neoplasms. E-medicine, Prepubertal Testicular Neoplasms.

Cooper, C. S., Noh, P. H. & Snyder III, H. M. (2001). Preservation of urethral plate spongiosum: technique to reduce hypospadias fistulas. Urology, 57, 351-354.

Hutcheson, J. C., Cooper, C. S., Canning, D. A., Zderic, S. A. & Snyder III, H. M. (2001). The use of vesicostomy as permanent urinary diversion in the child with myelomeningocele. J Urol, 166, 2351-2352.

Cooper, C. S., Snyder III, H. M. (2001). Ureteral anomalies. J. Y. Gillenwater , J. T. Grayhack , S. S. Howards , M. E. Mitchell (Eds.) (4th edition) Adult and Pediatric Urology/Harcourt Health Sciences, Philadelphia.

Cooper, C. S., Snyder III, H. M. (2001). Ureteral duplication, ectopy and ureteroceles. J. P. Gearhart , R. C. Rink , P. D. Mouriquand (Eds.) Pediatric Urology/WB Saunders, Philadelphia.

Cooper, C. S., Snyder, H. M. (2000). Pediatric reconstructive surgery. Curr Opin Urol, 10(3), 195-9. PMID: 10858896.

Zenni, M. K., Cooper, C. S., Fenig, D. M., Hutcheson, J. C. & Hawtrey, C. E. (2000). Intravesical Jackson-Pratt (JP) drain for urinary diversion following augmentation cystoplasty. American Urological Association Annual Meeting.

Hutcheson, J., Cooper, C. S., Noh, P. H. & Snyder III, H. M. (2000). Preservation of the abortive spongiosum in hypospadias repair. American Urological Association Annual Meeting.

Kirsch, A. J., Cooper, C. S., Gatti, J. M. & Scherz, H. C. (2000). Sutureless laser tissue soldering for hypospadias repair: long-term results of a prospective clinical trial. Lasers in Surgery and Medicine Annual Meeting.

Gatti, J. M., Cooper, C. S. & Kirsch, A. J. (2000). Sutureless tubularized incised plate urethroplasty using laser tissue soldering. American Urological Association Annual Meeting.

Noh, P. H., Cooper, C. S., Snyder, H. M., Zderic, S. A., Canning, D. A. & Huff, D. S. (2000). Testicular volume does not predict germ cell count in patients with cryptorchidism. J Urol, 163(2), 593-6.

Cooper, C. S. (2000). Undescended Testicle. Virtual Hospital Parent Information.

Cooper, C. S. (2000). Voiding Dysfunction. Virtual Hospital Parent Information.

Cooper, C. S. (2000). Hydrocele. Virtual Hospital Parent Information.

Cooper, C. S. (2000). Hypospadias. Virtual Hospital Parent Information.

Ehle, J. J., Hutcheson, J. C. & Cooper, C. S. (2000). Idiopathic congenital megascrotum. Urol Int, 65, 218-219.

Cooper, C. S., Passerini-Glazel, G., Hutcheson, J. C., Iafrate, M., Camuffo, C., Milani, C. & Snyder III, H. M. (2000). Long-term follow-up of endoscopic incision of ureteroceles: intravesical versus extravesical. J Urol, 164, 1097-1100.

Harris, C. F., Cooper, C. S., Hutcheson, J. C. & Snyder III, H. M. (2000). Appendicovesicostomy: the mitrofanoff procedure-a 15-year perspective. J Urol, 164, 1097-1100.

Cooper, C. S. (2000). Reflux/Ureteral Reimplantation. Virtual Hospital Parent Information.

Noh, P. H., Cooper, C. S., Snyder III, H. M., Zderic, S. A., Canning, D. A. & Huff, D. S. (2000). Testicular volume does not predict germ cell counts in patients with undescended testes. J Urol, 163, 593-596.

Hutcheson, J. C., Cooper, C. S. & Snyder III, H. M. (2000). The anatomical approach to inguinal orchiopexy. J Urol, 164, 1702-1704.

Cooper, C. S., Chung, B. I., Kirsch, A. J., Canning, D. A. & Snyder III, H. M. (2000). The outcome of stopping prophylactic antibiotics in older children with vesicoureteral reflux. J Urol, 162, 269-273.

Cooper, C. S., Jaffe, W. I., Huff, D. S., Canning, D. A., Zderic, S. A., Meadows, A., D'Angio, G. J. & Snyder III, H. M. (2000). The role of renal salvage procedures for bilateral Wilms tumor: a 15-year review. J Urol, 163, 265-268.

Cooper, C. S., Noh, P. H. & Snyder III, H. M. (1999). Preservation and incorporation of abortive spongiosum with the onlay island flap. North Central Section American Urological Association Annual Meeting.

Chaqour, B., Cooper, C. S., Howard, P. S. & Maracak, E. J. (1999). Modulation of Wilms’ tumor gene (WT1) expression by mechanical forces: the expression of Wilms’ tumor 1 protein in the developing bladder. Society for Basic Urologic Research.

Harris, C. F., Cooper, C. S., Hutcheson, J. C., Canning, D. A. & Snyder III, H. M. (1999). Appendicovesicostomy—the Mitrofanoff procedure: a 15-year perspective. American Urological Association Annual Meeting.

Jaffee, W. I., Cooper, C. S., Canning, D. A., Zderic, S. A., Snyder III, H. M., Meadows, A. & D'Angio, G. (1999). Bilateral Wilms’ tumor (BWT) managed with partial nephrectomy: a fifteen-year review. American Urological Association Annual Meeting.

Noh, P. H., Cooper, C. S., Huff, D. S., Zderic, S. A., Canning, D. A. & Snyder III, H. M. (1999). Correlation of testicular volume and germ cell counts in 1213 patients with undescended testes. Society of Pediatric Urology Annual Meeting.

Snyder III, H. M., Haag, M. J., Cooper, C. S. & Hutcheson, J. C. (1999). Endoscopic management of ureteroceles. American Urological Association Annual Meeting.

Noh, P. H., Cooper, C. S., Zderic, S. A., Snyder III, H. M. & Canning, D. A. (1999). Prognostic factors in patients with prune belly syndrome. American Urological Association Annual Meeting.

Cooper, C. S., Chaqour, B., Howard, P. S. & Macarak, E. J. (1999). The expression of Wilms’ tumor 1 protein in the developing bladder. American Urological Association Annual Meeting.

Chung, B., Cooper, C. S., Kirsch, A. J., Canning, D. A. & Snyder III, H. M. (1999). The outcome of stopping prophylactic antibiotics in older children with persistent reflux. American Urological Association Annual Meeting.

Kirsch, A. J., Cooper, C. S., Canning, D. A., Zderic, S. A., Snyder III, H. M. & Scherz, H. C. (1999). Laser tissue soldering for hypospadias repair: results of a prospective clinical trial. American Society for Lasers Medicine and Surgery Annual Meeting.

Noh, P. H., Cooper, C. S. & Snyder III, H. M. (1999). Conservative management of cystic dysplasia of the testis. J Urol, 162, 2145.

Cooper, C. S., Kirsch, A. J. & Snyder III, H. M. (1999). Early diagnosis and management of neonatal abdominoscrotal hydroceles. Urol Int, 62, 61-63.

Schanne, F. J., Cooper, C. S. & Canning, D. A. (1999). False-positive pregnancy test associated with gonadoblastoma. Urology, 54, 162.

Cooper, C. S., Passerini-Glazel, G., Hutcheson, J. C., Iafrate, M., Camuffo, C., Milani, C. & Snyder III, H. M. (1999). Long-term followup of endoscopic incision of ureteroceles: intravesical versus extravesical. American Association of Pediatrics Annual Meeting.

Cooper, C. S. (1999). Pediatric Urology. Beansprout Network Pediatric Urology Web Page.

Cooper, C. S. (1999). Pediatric Urology. UIHC Pediatric Urology.

Noh, P. H., Cooper, C. S., Zderic, S. A., Canning, D. A. & Snyder III, H. M. (1999). Prognostic factors for long-term renal function in boys with the prune-belly syndrome. J Urol, 162, 1399-1401.

Gould, J., Cooper, C. S. (1999). Schistosomiasis of childhood. Clin Infect Dis, 28, 987.

Cooper, C. S., Snyder III, H. M. (1999). Classic papers in pediatric urology. E. W. Gerharz , M. Emberton , T. O'Brien (Eds.) Classic Papers in Urology/Isis Medical Media, Ltd, UK.

Chaquor, B., Cooper, C. S., Howard, P. S. & Marcarak, E. J. (1998). Differential expression of the Wilms’ tumor suppressor and EGR-1 genes during bladder outlet obstruction. American Society for Cell Biology Annual Meeting.

Hawtrey, C. E., Cooper, C. S. (1998). Renal function and adynamic ureters. North Central Section AUA Annual Meeting.

Kirsch, A. J., Cooper, C. S., Canning, D. A., Snyder III, H. M. & Zderic, S. A. (1998). Results of a prospective randomized clinical trial of laser tissue soldering for hypospadias repair. American Association of Pediatrics Annual Meeting.

Kirsch, A. J., Cooper, C. S., Schanne, F. J. & Snyder III, H. M. (1998). Approach to testis sparing surgery in children. American Urological Association Annual Meeting.

Kirsch, A. J., Cooper, C. S., Canning, D. A., Snyder III, H. M. & Zderic, S. A. (1998). Preliminary results of a prospective randomized clinical trial of laser tissue soldering for hypospadias repair. American Society for Lasers Medicine and Surgery Annual Meeting.

Cooper, C. S., Perry, P. J., Sparks, A. E., MacIndoe, J. H., Yates, W. R. & Williams, R. (1998). Effect of exogenous testosterone on prostate volume, serum and semen prostate specific antigen levels in healthy young men. J Urol, 159, 441-443.

Cooper, C. S., Upmeyer, S. N. & Winokur, P. L. (1998). Identification of single amino acids in the human papillomavirus 11 E2 protein critical for the transactivation or replication functions. Virology, 241, 312-322.

Cooper, C. S., Roth, J. A. & Kirsch, A. J. (1998). Intestinotesticular ligament associated with cryptorchidism. Urology, 52, 890.

Jaffe, W. I., Cooper, C. S., Johnson, J. O. & Kirsch, A. J. (1998). Ovarian torsion mimicking urological disease. J Urol, 160, 2160.

Cooper, C. S., Canning, D. A., Snyder III, H. M. & Cromblehom, T. M. (1998). Temporary resolution of oligohydramnios following bladder tap. Society for Fetal Urology Annual Meeting.

Cooper, C. S., Donovan, Jr., J. F., Lawton, W. J. & Winfield, H. (1997). Laparoscopic nephrectomy for treatment of renovascular hypertension. American Urological Association Annual Meeting.

Cooper, C. S., Donovan, Jr., J. F., Terrell, R. B., Cohen, M. B. & Winfield, H. (1997). Lower extremity joint replacement as a contraindication to laparoscopic pelvic lymph node dissection. American Urological Association Annual Meeting.

Cooper, C. S., Donovan, Jr., J. F., Terrell, R. B., Cohen, M. B. & Winfield, H. (1997). Hip and knee replacement as a relative contraindication to laparoscopic pelvic lymph node dissection. J Urol, 158, 128-130.

Donovan, Jr., J. F., Cooper, C. S., Lund, G. O. & Winfield, H. (1997). Laparoscopic nephrectomy of a horseshoe kidney. J Endourol, 11, 181-184.

Cooper, C. S., Rier, K. & Donovan, Jr., J. F. (1997). Pyeloduodenal fistula associated with a ureteropelvic junction obstruction. Surgery, 121, 355-356.

Cooper, C. S., Snyder, O. B. & Hawtrey, C. E. (1997). Bilateral neonatal testicular torsion. Clin Pediatr, 36, 653-656.

Cooper, C. S., Hawtrey, C. E. (1997). Fibroepithelial polyp of the ureter. Urology, 50, 280-281.

Cooper, C. S., Turner, J. W. (1997). Focal xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis in a 12-year-old Alaskan native. J Urol, 157, 632-633.

Tuveson, C. C., Cooper, C. S., Upmeyer, S. N., Longoria, W. & Winokur, P. L. (1996). Effects of mutations in the human papillomavirus E2 protein on viral replication, transactivation and E1 DNA binding. Society of Basic Urologic Research Annual Meeting.

Cooper, C. S., Donodvan, Jr., J. F., Terrell, R. B., Cohen, M. B. & Winfield, H. (1996). Lower extremity joint replacement as a contraindication to laparoscopic pelvic lymph node dissection. North Central Section American Urological Association Annual Meeting.

Cooper, C. S., MacIndoe, J. H., Perry, P. J., Yates, W. R., Sparks, A. E. & Williams, R. (1996). Effects of exogenous testosterone on prostate volume, serum total and free prostate specific antigen (PSA) levels and semen PSA levels in healthy young men. American Urological Association Annual Meeting.

Cooper, C. S., MacIndoe, J. H., Perry, P. J., Yates, W. R. & Williams, R. (1996). The effect of exogenous testosterone on total and free prostate specific antigen levels in healthy young men. J Urol, 156, 438-442.

Cooper, C. S., Kwon, E. D. & Donovan, Jr., J. F. (1996). Traumatic ureteroduodenal fistula. J Trauma, 41, 553-555.

Cooper, C. S., Sandlow, J. I. (1996). Azoospermia in a 46,XX/47,XXX phenotypic male. Urology, 48, 947-948.

Dreicer, R., Cooper, C. S. & Williams, R. (1996). Management of prostate and bladder cancer in the elderly. Urol Clin North Am, 23, 87-97.

Cooper, C. S., Cohen, M. B. & Donovan, Jr., J. F. (1996). Splenectomy complicating left nephrectomy. J Urol, 155, 30-36.

Cooper, C. S., Upmeyer, S. N. & Winokur, P. K. (1995). Functional analysis of mutations in the human papillomavirus 11 E2 protein. American Federation for Clinical Research Annual Meeting.

Cooper, C. S., Upmeyer, S. N. & Winokur, P. K. (1995). Functional analysis of mutations in the human papillomavirus 11 E2 protein. American Urological Association Annual Meeting.

MacIndoe, J. H., Cooper, C. S., Perry, P. J., Yates, W. R. & Williams, R. (1995). The effect of exogenous testosterone on prostate specific antigen levels in healthy young men. American Urological Association Annual Meeting.

Donovan Jr., J. F., Cooper, C. S., Kwon, E. D., Sandlow, J. L. & Sparks, A. E. (1995). Preservation of fertility in the testicular cancer patient: considerations before and after cancer therapy. D. Schnorr , S. A. Loening , L. Weissbach (Eds.) Testis Cancer/Blackwell Wissenschafts-Verlag, Berlin.

Cooper, C. S., Donovan, Jr., J. F. (1994). Nephrectomies complicated by splenectomy over a ten-year period. North Central Section American Urological Association Annual Meeting.

See, W. A., Cooper, C. S. & Forest, P. K. (1994). A phase I/II trial of perioperative, systemic, single dose cyclophosphamide for the prevention of superficial bladder tumor recurrence. Western Section American Urological Association Annual Meeting.

Cooper, C. S., Fisher, R. J. & See, W. A. (1994). Laparoscopic practice patterns and complication rates in the year following formal training. American Urological Association Annual Meeting.

See, W. A., Cooper, C. S. & Fisher, R. J. (1994). Urological laparoscopic practice patterns 1 year after formal training. J Urol, 151, 1595-1598.

See, W. A., Cooper, C. S. & Fisher, R. J. (1994). Complication rates associated with the introduction of new technology into the clinical health care setting correlate with operator experience and training. Proceedings of the International Society for Optical Engineering Annual Meeting.

See, W. A., Cooper, C. S. & Fisher, R. J. (1993). Early and late predictors of laparoscopic complication rates following a formal training course in laparoscopic surgery. North Central Section American Urological Association Annual Meeting.

See, W. A., Cooper, C. S. & Fisher, R. J. (1993). Predictors of laparoscopic complications after formal training in laparoscopic surgery. JAMA, 270, 2689-2692.

See, W. A., Cooper, C. S. & Crist, S. A. (1992). Urine from iatrogenically traumatized bladders promotes transitional carcinoma cell growth in a manner consistent with a growth factor dependent mechanism. American Urologic Association Annual Meeting.

Cooper, C. S., See, W. A. (1992). The impact of iatrogenic urothelial trauma on urinary levels of transforming growth factor-alpha. J Urol, 147, 1647-1649.

See, W. A., Cooper, C. S. & Crist, S. A. (1991). Urine from iatrogenically traumatized bladders promotes transitional carcinoma cell growth in a manner consistent with a growth factor dependent mechanism. Society for Basic Urologic Research Fall Symposium.

Cooper, C. S., See, W. A. (1991). The impact of iatrogenic urothelial trauma on urinary levels of transforming growth factor-alpha in an animal model. American Urological Association Annual Meeting.

See, W. A., Cooper, C. S. & Sargent, E. R. (1991). Urinary levels of transforming growth factor-alpha in response to surgical bladder injury. American Association for Cancer Research.

Ehle, J. J., Hutcheson, J. C., Snyder, H. M. & Cooper, C. S. Idiopathic congenital dysmorphic megascrotum. Urol Int, 65(4), 218-9. PMID: 11112875.

Nepple, K. G., Cooper, C. S. Pediatric Voiding Dysfunction. Up to Date: Pediatric Voiding Dysfunction.