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Kathleen A. Sluka, PT, PhD, FAPTA

Portrait
Professor of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Science

Contact Information

Primary Office
1-248 Medical Education Building
Iowa City, IA 52242
319-335-9791

Education

BS, Physical Therapy, Georgia State University
PhD, Anatomy, University of Texas Medical Branch

Licensure and Certifications

Physical Therapy #02557 - Iowa Department of Public Health Bureau of Professional Licensure (Board of Physical and Occupational Therapy)

Education/Training Program Affiliations

Interdisciplinary Graduate Program in Molecular Medicine, Interdisciplinary Graduate Program in Neuroscience, Interdisciplinary Graduate Program in Translational Biomedicine, Medical Scientist Training Program

Research Summary

Dr. Sluka's laboratory studies the peripheral and central mechanisms of chronic musculoskeletal pain, and non-pharmacological treatment for chronic pain. These studies involve the use of animal models of muscle pain developed and characterized in Dr. Sluka's laboratory, as well as projects in human subjects. We use a variety of techniques to address these questions including cell culture, molecular biology, genetic manipulations, behavioral pharmacology, and standard clinical trial methodology. Our overall goals are to improve the management of pain for people with a variety of musculoskeletal pain conditions by discovering the underlying mechanisms that lead to the development of chronic pain, discovering new therapies for pain management, and improving the use of currently available treatment for pain.

Publications

Post, A. A., Rio, E. K., Sluka, K. A., Moseley, G. L., Bayman, E. O., Hall, M. M., de Cesar Netto, C., Wilken, J. M., Danielson, J. F. & Chimenti, R. L. (2020). Effect of Pain Education and Exercise on Pain and Function in Chronic Achilles Tendinopathy: Protocol for a Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Randomized Trial. JMIR Res Protoc, 9(11), 319111. PMID: 33141102.

Sorenson, L. B., Gazerani, P., Sluka, K. A. & Graven-Nielsen, T. (2020). Repeated Injections of Low-Dose Nerve Growth Factor (NGF) in Healthy Humans Maintain Muscle Pain and Facilitate Ischemic Contraction-Evoked Pain. Pain Med, pnaa315. PMID: 33111942.

Louw, A., Sluka, K. A., Nijs, J., Courtney, C. A. & Zimney, K. (2020). Revisiting the Provision of Pain Neuroscience Education: An Adjunct Intervention for Patients, but a Primary Focus for Clinical Education. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther, 1-12. PMID: 33076759.

Wang, D., Merkle, S. L., Lee, J. E., Sluka, K. A., Rakel, B. A., Graven-Nielsen, T. & Frey Law, L. A. (2020). Multisensory Sensitivity is Related to Deep-Tissue but Not Cutaneous Pain Sensitivity in Healthy Individuals. J Pain Res, 13, 2493-2508. PMID: 33116791.

Merriwether, E. N., Agalave, N. M., Dailey, D. L., Rakel, B. A., Kolker, S. J., Lenert, M. E., Spagnola, W. H., Lu, Y., Geasland, K. M., Allen, L. H., Burton, M. D. & Sluka, K. A. (2020). IL-5 mediates monocyte phenotype and pain outcomes in fibromyalgia. Pain. PMID: 33003107.

Sluka, K. A., Danielson, J., Rasmussen, L. A. & Kolker, S. J. (In Press). Regular physical activity reduces the percentage of spinally projecting neurons that express mu-opioid receptors from the RVM in mice. Pain Rep.

Lesnak, J. B., Inoue, S., Lima, L., Rasmussen, L. A. & Sluka, K. A. (2020). Testosterone protects against the development of widespread muscle pain in mice. Pain. PMID: 32658149.

Khataei, T., Harding, A. M., Janahmadi, M., El-Geneidy, M., Agha-Alinejad, H., Rajabi, H., Snyder, P. M., Sluka, K. A. & Benson, C. J. (2020). ASICs are required for immediate exercise-induced muscle pain and are downregulated in sensory neurons by exercise training. J Appl Physiol (1985), 129(1), 17-26. PMID: 32463731.

Chimenti, R. L., Hall, M. M., Dilger, C. P., Merriwether, E. N., Wilken, J. M. & Sluka, K. A. (2020). Local Anesthetic Injection Resolves Movement Pain, Motor Dysfunction, and Pain Catastrophizing in Individuals With Chronic Achilles Tendinopathy: A Nonrandomized Clinical Trial. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther, 50(6), 334-343. PMID: 32349638.

Raja, S. N., Carr, D. B., Cohen, M., Finnerup, N. B., Flor, H., Gibson, S., Keefe, F. J., Mogil, J. S., Ringkamp, M., Sluka, K. A., Song, X., Stevens, B., Sullivan, M. D., Tutelman, P. R., Ushida, T. & Vader, K. (2020). The revised International Association for the Study of Pain definition of pain: concepts, challenges, and compromises. Pain. PMID: 32694387.

Hadlandsmyth, K., Dailey, D. L., Rakel, B. A., Zimmerman, M. B., Vance, C. G., Merriwether, E. N., Chimenti, R. L., Geasland, K. M., Crofford, L. J. & Sluka, K. A. (2020). Somatic symptom presentations in women with fibromyalgia are differentially associated with elevated depression and anxiety. J Health Psychol, 25(6), 819-829. PMID: 29076404.

Dailey, D. L., Vance, C. G., Rakel, B. A., Zimmerman, M. B., Embree, J., Merriwether, E. N., Geasland, K. M., Chimenti, R. L., Williams, J. M., Golchha, M., Crofford, L. J. & Sluka, K. A. (2020). Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation Reduces Movement-Evoked Pain and Fatigue: A Randomized, Controlled Trial. Arthritis Rheumatol, 72(5), 824-836. PMID: 31738014.

Oliveira-Fusaro, M. C., Gregory, N. S., Kolker, S. J., Rasmussen, L., Allen, L. H. & Sluka, K. A. (2020). P2X4 receptors on muscle macrophages are required for development of hyperalgesia in an animal model of activity-induced muscle pain. Mol Neurobiol, 57(4), 1917-1929. PMID: 31898158.

Schutte, D. L., Mukhopadhyay, N., Holwerda, T., Sluka, K. A., Rakel, B. A. & Govil, M. (2020). Genetic predictors of knee pain in persons with mild to moderate osteoarthritis. Res Gerontol Nurs, 13, 1-12. PMID: 32286672.

Sato, K. L., Sanada, L. S., da Silva, M. D., Okubo, R. & Sluka, K. A. (2020). Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, acupuncture, and spinal cord stimulation on neuropathic, inflammatory and, noninflammatory pain in rat models. Korean J Pain, 33(2), 121-130. PMID: 32235012.

Merkle, S. L., Sluka, K. A. & Frey-Law, L. A. (2020). The interaction between pain and movement. J Hand Ther, 33(1), 60-66. PMID: 30025839.

Govil, M., Mukhopadhyay, N., Holwerda, T., Sluka, K. A., Rakel, B. A. & Schutte, D. L. (2020). Effects of genotype on TENS effectiveness in controlling knee pain in persons with mild to moderate osteoarthritis. Eur J Pain, 24(2), 398-412. PMID: 31661578.

Lesnak, J. B., Sluka, K. A. (2020). Mechanism of exercise-induced analgesia: what we can learn from physically active animals. ????Pain Rep, 5, e850.

Lesnak, J., Sluka, K. A. (2019). Chronic non-inflammatory muscle pain: central and peripheral mediators. Curr Opin Physiol, 11, 67-74. PMID: 31998857.

Gewandter, J. S., Chaudari, J., Ibegbu, C., Kitt, R., Serventi, J., Burke, J., Culakova, E., Kolb, N., Sluka, K. A., Tejani, M. A. & Mohile, N. A. (2019). Wireless transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation device for chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy: an open-label feasibility study. Support Care Cancer, 27(5), 1765-1774. PMID: 30151681.

Vance, C. G., Chimenti, R. L., Dailey, D. L., Hadlandsmyth, K., Zimmerman, M. B., Geasland, K. M., Williams, J. M., Merriwether, E. N., Alemo Munters, L., Rakel, B. A., Crofford, L. J. & Sluka, K. A. (2018). Development of a method to maximize the transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation intensity in women with fibromyalgia. J Pain Res, 11, 2269-2278. PMID: 30349353.

Sluka, K. A., Frey-Law, L. & Hoeger Bement, M. (2018). Exercise-induced pain and analgesia? Underlying mechanisms and clinical translation. Pain, 159 Suppl 1, S91-S97. PMID: 30113953.

Merriwether, E. N., Frey Law, L. A., Rakel, B. A., Zimmerman, M. B., Dailey, D. L., Vance, C. G., Golchha, M., Geasland, K. M., Chimenti, R., Crofford, L. J. & Sluka, K. A. (2018). Physical activity is related to function and fatigue but not pain in women with fibromyalgia: baseline analyses from the Fibromyalgia Activity Study with TENS (FAST). Arthritis Res Ther, 20(1), 199. PMID: 30157911.

Gregory, N. S., Gautam, M., Benson, C. J. & Sluka, K. A. (2018). Acid Sensing Ion Channel 1a (ASIC1a) Mediates Activity-induced Pain by Modulation of Heteromeric ASIC Channel Kinetics. Neuroscience, 386, 166-174. PMID: 29964154.

James, G., Sluka, K. A., Blomster, L., Hall, L., Schmid, A. B., Shu, C. C., Little, C. B., Melrose, J. & Hodges, P. W. (2018). Macrophage polarization contributes to local inflammation and structural change in the multifidus muscle after intervertebral disc injury. Eur Spine J, 27(8), 1744-1756. PMID: 29948327.

Price, T. J., Basbaum, A. I., Bresnahan, J., Chambers, J. F., De Koninck, Y., Edwards, R. R., Ji, R. R., Katz, J., Kavelaars, A., Levine, J. D., Porter, L., Schechter, N., Sluka, K. A., Terman, G. W., Wager, T. D., Yaksh, T. L. & Dworkin, R. H. (2018). Transition to chronic pain: opportunities for novel therapeutics. Nat Rev Neurosci, 19(7), 383-384. PMID: 29765159.

Chimenti, R. L., Frey Law, L. A. & Sluka, K. A. (2018). A Mechanism-Based Approach to Physical Therapist Management of Pain. Phys Ther, 98(5), 302-314. PMID: 29669091.

Hadlandsmyth, K., Zimmerman, M. B., Wajid, R., Sluka, K. A., Herr, K., Clark, C. R., Noiseux, N. O., Callaghan, J. J. & Rakel, B. A. (2018). Longitudinal Postoperative Course of Pain and Dysfunction Following Total Knee Arthroplasty. Clin J Pain, 34(4), 332-338. PMID: 28731957.

Resende, L., Merriwether, E., Rampazo, É. P., Dailey, D., Embree, J., Deberg, J., Liebano, R. E. & Sluka, K. A. (2018). Meta-analysis of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation for relief of spinal pain. Eur J Pain, 22(4), 663-678. PMID: 29282846.

Bobinski, F., Teixeira, J. M., Sluka, K. A. & Santos, A. R. (2018). Interleukin-4 mediates the analgesia produced by low-intensity exercise in mice with neuropathic pain. Pain, 159(3), 437-450. PMID: 29140923.

Keefe, F. J., Ballantyne, J., Blyth, F., Coghill, R. C., Dickenson, A., Dionne, C. E., Eccleston, C., Finnerup, N. B., Kuner, R., Seminowicz, D. A. & Sluka, K. A. (2018). Publishing the best basic and applied pain science: open science and PAIN. (Vols. 159). (4), pp. 405-406. Pain. PMID: 29443726.

Quintans-Júnior, L. J., Brito, R. G., Quintans, J. S., Santos, P. L., Camargo, Z. T., Barreto, P. A., Arrigoni-Blank, M. F., Lucca-Júnior, W., Scotti, L., Scotti, M. T., Kolker, S. J. & Sluka, K. A. (2018). Nanoemulsion Thermoreversible Pluronic F127-Based Hydrogel Containing Hyptis pectinata (Lamiaceae) Leaf Essential Oil Produced a Lasting Anti-hyperalgesic Effect in Chronic Noninflammatory Widespread Pain in Mice. Mol Neurobiol, 55(2), 1665-1675. PMID: 28194646.

Cooper, N. A., Rakel, B. A., Zimmerman, M. B., Tonelli, S. M., Herr, K. A., Clark, C. R., Noiseux, N. O., Callaghan, J. J. & Sluka, K. A. (2017). Predictors of multidimensional functional outcomes after total knee arthroplasty. J Orthop Res, 35(12), 2790-2798. PMID: 28471509.

Teixeira, J. M., Bobinski, F., Parada, C. A., Sluka, K. A. & Tambeli, C. H. (2017). P2X3 and P2X2/3 Receptors Play a Crucial Role in Articular Hyperalgesia Development Through Inflammatory Mechanisms in the Knee Joint Experimental Synovitis. Mol Neurobiol, 54(8), 6174-6186. PMID: 27709491.

Lima, L. V., DeSantana, J. M., Rasmussen, L. A. & Sluka, K. A. (2017). Short-duration physical activity prevents the development of activity-induced hyperalgesia through opioid and serotoninergic mechanisms. Pain, 158(9), 1697-1710. PMID: 28621702.

Brito, R. G., Rasmussen, L. A. & Sluka, K. A. (2017). Regular physical activity prevents development of chronic muscle pain through modulation of supraspinal opioid and serotonergic mechanisms. Pain Rep, 2(5), e618. PMID: 29392233.

Inoue, S., Johanek, L. M. & Sluka, K. A. (2017). Lack of Analgesic Synergy of the Cholecystokinin Receptor Antagonist Proglumide and Spinal Cord Stimulation for the Treatment of Neuropathic Pain in Rats. Neuromodulation, 20(6), 534-542. PMID: 28393429.

Merriwether, E. N., Rakel, B. A., Zimmerman, M. B., Dailey, D. L., Vance, C. G., Darghosian, L., Golchha, M., Geasland, K. M., Chimenti, R., Crofford, L. J. & Sluka, K. A. (2017). Reliability and Construct Validity of the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) Instruments in Women with Fibromyalgia. Pain Med, 18(8), 1485-1495. PMID: 27561310.

Lima, L. V., Abner, T. S. & Sluka, K. A. (2017). Does exercise increase or decrease pain? Central mechanisms underlying these two phenomena. J Physiol, 595(13), 4141-4150. PMID: 28369946.

Hadlandsmyth, K., Sabic, E., Zimmerman, M. B., Sluka, K. A., Herr, K. A., Clark, C. R., Noiseux, N. O., Callaghan, J. J., Geasland, K. M., Embree, J. L. & Rakel, B. A. (2017). Relationships among pain intensity, pain-related distress, and psychological distress in pre-surgical total knee arthroplasty patients: a secondary analysis. Psychol Health Med, 22(5), 552-563. PMID: 27216314.

Frey Law, L. A., Sluka, K. A. (2017). How does physical activity modulate pain?. Pain, 158(3), 369-370. PMID: 28135214.

Sluka, K. A., Clauw, D. J. (2016). Neurobiology of fibromyalgia and chronic widespread pain. Neuroscience,(338), 114-129. PMID: 27291641.

Corrêa, J. B., Costa, L. O., Oliveira, N. T., Lima, W. P., Sluka, K. A. & Liebano, R. E. (2016). Effects of the carrier frequency of interferential current on pain modulation and central hypersensitivity in people with chronic nonspecific low back pain: A randomized placebo-controlled trial. Eur J Pain, 20(10), 1653-1666. PMID: 27150263.

Gong, W. Y., Abdelhamid, R. E., Carvalho, C. S. & Sluka, K. A. (2016). Resident Macrophages in Muscle Contribute to Development of Hyperalgesia in a Mouse Model of Noninflammatory Muscle Pain. J Pain, 17(10), 1081-1094. PMID: 27377621.

Noehren, B., Shuping, L., Jones, A., Akers, D. A., Bush, H. M. & Sluka, K. A. (2016). Somatosensory and Biomechanical Abnormalities in Females With Patellofemoral Pain. Clin J Pain, 32(10), 915-919. PMID: 26626291.

Frey-Law, L. A., Bohr, N. L., Sluka, K. A., Herr, K., Clark, C. R., Noiseux, N. O., Callaghan, J. J., Zimmerman, M. B. & Rakel, B. A. (2016). Pain sensitivity profiles in patients with advanced knee osteoarthritis. Pain, 157(9), 1988-1999. PMID: 27152688.

Kosek, E., Cohen, M., Baron, R., Gebhart, G. F., Mico, J. A., Rice, A. S., Rief, W. & Sluka, K. A. (2016). Do we need a third mechanistic descriptor for chronic pain states?. Pain, 157(7), 1382-1386. PMID: 26835783.

Cooper, N. A., Scavo, K. M., Strickland, K. J., Tipayamongkol, N., Nicholson, J. D., Bewyer, D. C. & Sluka, K. A. (2016). Prevalence of gluteus medius weakness in people with chronic low back pain compared to healthy controls. Eur Spine J, 25(4), 1258-1265. PMID: 26006705.

Gong, W. Y., Johanek, L. M. & Sluka, K. A. (2016). A Comparison of the Effects of Burst and Tonic Spinal Cord Stimulation on Hyperalgesia and Physical Activity in an Animal Model of Neuropathic Pain. Anesth Analg, 122(4), 1178-1185. PMID: 26859873.

Dailey, D. L., Frey Law, L. A., Vance, C. G., Rakel, B. A., Merriwether, E. N., Darghosian, L., Golchha, M., Geasland, K. M., Spitz, R., Crofford, L. J. & Sluka, K. A. (2016). Perceived function and physical performance are associated with pain and fatigue in women with fibromyalgia. Arthritis Res Ther, 18, 68. PMID: 26979999.

Quintans-Júnior, L. J., Araújo, A. A., Brito, R. G., Santos, P. L., Quintans, J. S., Menezes, P. P., Serafini, M. R., Silva, G. F., Carvalho, F. M., Brogden, N. K. & Sluka, K. A. (2016). ß-caryophyllene, a dietary cannabinoid, complexed with ß-cyclodextrin produced anti-hyperalgesic effect involving the inhibition of Fos expression in superficial dorsal horn. Life Sci, 149, 34-41. PMID: 26883973.

Gregory, N. S., Brito, R. G., Fusaro, M. C. & Sluka, K. A. (2016). ASIC3 Is Required for Development of Fatigue-Induced Hyperalgesia. Mol Neurobiol, 53(2), 1020-1030. PMID: 25577172.

Subharwal, R., Rasmussen, L., Sluka, K. A. & Chapleau, M. W. (2016). Exercise prevents development of autonomic dysregulation and hyperalgesia in a mouse model of chronic muscle pain. Pain, 157(2), 387-398. PMID: 26313406.

Gordon, D. B., de Leon-Casasola, O. A., Wu, C. L., Sluka, K. A., Brennan, T. J. & Chou, R. (2016). Research Gaps in Practice Guidelines for Acute Postoperative Pain Management in Adults: Findings From a Review of the Evidence for an American Pain Society Clinical Practice Guideline. J Pain, 17(2), 158-166. PMID: 26719073.

Chou, R., Gordon, D. B., de Leon-Casasola, O. A., Rosenberg, J. M., Bickler, S., Brennan, T. J., Carter, T., Cassidy, C. L., Chittenden, E. H., Degenhardt, E., Griffith, S., Manworren, R., McCarberg, B., Montgomery, R., Murphy, J., Perkal, M. F., Suresh, S., Sluka, K. A., Strassels, S., Thirlby, R., Viscusi, E., Walco, G. A., Warner, L., Weisman, S. J. & Wu, C. L. (2016). Management of Postoperative Pain: A Clinical Practice Guideline From the American Pain Society, the American Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine, and the American Society of Anesthesiologists' Committee on Regional Anesthesia, Executive Committee, and Administrative Council. J Pain, 17(2), 131-157. PMID: 26827847.

Leung, A., Gregory, N. S., Allen, L. A. & Sluka, K. A. (2016). Regular physical activity prevents chronic pain by altering resident muscle macrophage phenotype and increasing interleukin-10 in mice. Pain, 157(1), 70-79. PMID: 26230740.

Sluka, K. A. (2016). Mechanisms and Management of Pain for the Physical Therapist. K. A. Sluka (Eds.) (2nd Edition) Wolters Kluwer.

Bobinski, F., Ferreira, T. A., Cordova, M. M., Dombrowski, P. A., da Cunha, C., Santo, C. C., Poli, A., Pires, R. G., Martins-Silva, C., Sluka, K. A. & Santos, A. R. (2015). Role of brainstem serotonin in analgesia produced by low-intensity exercise on neuropathic pain after sciatic nerve injury in mice. Pain, 156(12), 2595-2606. PMID: 26447701.

Abdelhamid, R. E., Sluka, K. A. (2015). ASICs Mediate Pain and Inflammation in Musculoskeletal Diseases. Physiology (Bethesda), 30(6), 449-459. PMID: 26525344.

Gregory, N. S., Whitley, P. E. & Sluka, K. A. (2015). Effect of Intramuscular Protons, Lactate, and ATP on Muscle Hyperalgesia in Rats. PLoS One, 10(9), e0138576. PMID: 26378796.

Vance, C. G., Rakel, B. A., Dailey, D. L. & Sluka, K. A. (2015). Skin impedance is not a factor in transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation effectiveness. J Pain Res, 8, 571-580. PMID: 26316808.

Corrêa, J. B., Costa, L. O., de Oliveira, N. T., Sluka, K. A. & Liebano, R. E. (2015). Central sensitization and changes in conditioned pain modulation in people with chronic nonspecific low back pain: a case-control study. Exp Brain Res, 233(8), 2391-2399. PMID: 25963754.

Sluka, K. A., Gregory, N. S. (2015). The dichotomized role for acid sensing ion channels in musculoskeletal pain and inflammation. Neuropharmacology, 94, 58-63. PMID: 25582293.

Johnson, M. I., Paley, C. A., Howe, T. E. & Sluka, K. A. (2015). Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation for acute pain. Cochrane Database Syst Rev, 6, CD006142. PMID: 26075732.

Rakel, B., Vance, C. G., Zimmerman, M. B., Petsas-Blodgett, N., Amendola, A. & Sluka, K. A. (2015). Mechanical hyperalgesia and reduced quality of life occur in people with mild knee osteoarthritis pain. Clin J Pain, 31(4), 315-322. PMID: 24866856.

Dailey, D. L., Keffala, V. J. & Sluka, K. A. (2015). Do cognitive and physical fatigue tasks enhance pain, cognitive fatigue and physical fatigue in people with fibromyalgia?. Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken), 67(2), 288-296. PMID: 25074583.

da Silva, M. D., Bobinski, F., Sato, K. L., Kolker, S. J., Sluka, K. A. & Santos, A. R. (2015). IL-10 cytokine released from M2 macrophages is crucial for analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects of acupuncture in a model of inflammatory muscle pain. Mol Neurobiol, 51(1), 19-31. PMID: 24961568.

Hoeger Bement, M. K., Sluka, K. A. (2015). The current state of physical therapy pain curricula in the United States: a faculty survey. J Pain, 16(2), 144-152. PMID: 25463698.

Noehren, B., Dailey, D. L., Rakel, B. A., Vance, C. G., Zimmerman, M. B., Crofford, L. J. & Sluka, K. A. (2015). Effect of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation on pain, function, and quality of life in fibromyalgia: a double-blind randomized clinical trial. Phys Ther, 95(1), 129-140. PMID: 25212518.

Brito, R. G., Araujo, A. A., Quintans, J. S., Sluka, K. A. & Quintans-Junior, L. J. (2015). Enhanced analgesic activity by cyclodextrins - a systematic review and meta-analysis. Expert Opin Drug Deliv, 12(10), 1677-1688. PMID: 26159048.

Sluka, K. A. (2015). Pain Management Introduction: Physical Interventions of Pain Management and Potential Processes. In G. Jull , A. Moore , D. Falla , J. Lewis , C. McCarthy , M. Sterline (Eds.) Grieve’s Modern Musculoskeletal Physiotherapy. (4th Edition), pp. 269-276. London: Elsevier.

Gereau 4th, R. W., Sluka, K. A., Maixner, W., Savage, S. R., Price, T. J., Murinson, B. B., Sullivan, M. D. & Fillingim, R. B. (2014). A pain research agenda for the 21st century. J Pain, 15(12), 1203-1214. PMID: 25419990.

Rakel, B. A., Zimmerman, M. B., Geasland, K., Embree, J., Clark, C. R., Noiseux, N. O., Callaghan, J. J., Herr, K., Walsh, D. & Sluka, K. A. (2014). Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation for the control of pain during rehabilitation after total knee arthroplasty: A randomized, blinded, placebo-controlled trial. Pain, 155(12), 2599-2611. PMID: 25270585.

Sato, K. L., Johanek, L. M., Sanada, L. S. & Sluka, K. A. (2014). Spinal cord stimulation (SCS) improves decreased physical activity induced by nerve injury. Behav Neurosci, 128(5), 625-632. PMID: 24911318.

Glass, N., Segal, N. A., Sluka, K. A., Torner, J. C., Nevitt, M. C., Felson, D. T., Bradley, L. A., Neogi, T., Lewis, C. E. & Frey-Law, L. A. (2014). Examining sex differences in knee pain: the multicenter osteoarthritis study. Osteoarthritis Cartilage, 22(8), 1100-1106. PMID: 24999111.

Noiseux, N. O., Callaghan, J. J., Clark, C. R., Zimmerman, M. B., Sluka, K. A. & Rakel, B. A. (2014). Preoperative predictors of pain following total knee arthroplasty. J Arthroplasty, 29(7), 1383-1387. PMID: 24630598.

Gong, W., Johanek, L. M. & Sluka, K. A. (2014). Spinal cord stimulation reduces mechanical hyperalgesia and restores physical activity levels in animals with noninflammatory muscle pain in a frequency-dependent manner. Anesth Analg, 119(1), 186-195. PMID: 24797123.

Gardner, S. E., Blodgett, N. P., Hillis, S. L., Borhart, E., Malloy, L., Abbott, L., Pezzella, P., Jensen, M., Sommer, T., Sluka, K. A. & Rakel, B. A. (2014). HI-TENS reduces moderate-to-severe pain associated with most wound care procedures: a pilot study. Biol Res Nurs, 16(3), 310-319. PMID: 23956353.

Gong, W., Kolker, S. J., Usachev, Y., Walder, R. Y., Boyle, D. L., Firestein, G. S. & Sluka, K. A. (2014). Acid-sensing ion channel 3 decreases phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinases and induces synoviocyte cell death by increasing intracellular calcium. Arthritis Res Ther, 16(3), R121. PMID: 24923411.

Sanada, L. S., Sato, K. L., Machado, N. L., Carmo Ede, C., Sluka, K. A. & Fazan, V. P. (2014). Cortex glial cells activation, associated with lowered mechanical thresholds and motor dysfunction, persists into adulthood after neonatal pain. Int J Dev Neurosci, 35, 55-63. PMID: 24667146.

Vance, C. G., Dailey, D. L., Rakel, B. A. & Sluka, K. A. (2014). Using TENS for pain control: the state of the evidence. Pain Manag, 4(3), 197-209. PMID: 24953072.

Hoeger Bement, M. K., St Marie, B. J., Nordstrom, T. M., Christensen, N., Mongoven, J. M., Koebner, I. J., Fishman, S. M. & Sluka, K. A. (2014). An interprofessional consensus of core competencies for prelicensure education in pain management: curriculum application for physical therapy. Phys Ther, 94(4), 451-465. PMID: 24309615.

Sato, K. L., Johanek, L. M., Sanada, L. S. & Sluka, K. A. (2014). Spinal cord stimulation reduces mechanical hyperalgesia and glial cell activation in animals with neuropathic pain. Anesth Analg, 118(2), 464-472. PMID: 24361846.

Gregory, N. S., Sluka, K. A. (2014). Anatomical and physiological factors contributing to chronic muscle pain. Curr Top Behav Neurosci, 20, 327-348. PMID: 24633937.

Gregory, N. S., Gibson-Corley, K., Frey Law, L. A. & Sluka, K. A. (2013). Fatigue-enhanced hyperalgesia in response to muscle insult: induction and development occur in a sex-dependent manner. Pain, 154(12), 2668-2676. PMID: 23906552.

Gregory, N. S., Harris, A. L., Robinson, C. R., Dougherty, P. M., Fuchs, P. N. & Sluka, K. A. (2013). An overview of animal models of pain: disease models and outcome measures. J Pain, 14(11), 1255-1269. PMID: 24035349.

Liebano, R. E., Vance, C. G., Rakel, B. A., Lee, J. E., Cooper, N. A., Marchand, S., Walsh, D. M. & Sluka, K. A. (2013). Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation and conditioned pain modulation influence the perception of pain in humans. Eur J Pain, 17(10), 1539-1546. PMID: 23650092.

Dailey, D. L., Rakel, B. A., Vance, C. G., Liebano, R. E., Amrit, A. S., Bush, H. M., Lee, K. S., Lee, J. E. & Sluka, K. A. (2013). Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation reduces pain, fatigue and hyperalgesia while restoring central inhibition in primary fibromyalgia. Pain, 154(11), 2554-2562. PMID: 23900134.

Sluka, K. A., Mense, S. (2013). Animal Models of Muscle Pain In: Pain Models: Translational Relevance and Applications. H. O. Handwerker , L. Arendt-Nielsen (Eds.) Washington, DC: IASP Press.

Alves, I. G., da Cruz, K. M., Mota, C. M., de Santana, D. S., Gaujac, D. P., de Carvalho, V. C., Reis, L. C., Sluka, K. A., Quintans-Junior, L. J., Antoniolli, A. R., Desantana, J. M., Badauê-Passos Jr, D. & de Santana-Filho, V. J. (2013). Experimental hypothyroidism during pregnancy affects nociception and locomotor performance of offspring in rats. Eur J Pain, 17(9), 1291-1298. PMID: 23536325.

Sluka, K. A., Bjordal, J. M., Marchand, S. & Rakel, B. A. (2013). What makes transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation work? Making sense of the mixed results in the clinical literature. Phys Ther, 93(10), 1397-1402. PMID: 23641031.

Pratt, D., Fuchs, P. N. & Sluka, K. A. (2013). Assessment of avoidance behaviors in mouse models of muscle pain. Neuroscience, 248, 54-60. PMID: 23747349.

Fishman, S. M., Young, H. M., Lucas Arwood, E., Chou, R., Herr, K., Murinson, B. B., Watt-Watson, J., Carr, D. B., Gordon, D. B., Stevens, B. J., Bakerjian, D., Ballantyne, J. C., Courtenay, M., Djukic, M., Koebner, I. J., Mongoven, J. M., Paice, J. A., Prasad, R., Singh, N., Sluka, K. A., St Marie, B. & Strassels, S. A. (2013). Core competencies for pain management: results of an interprofessional consensus summit. Pain Med, 14(7), 971-981. PMID: 23577878.

Santos, C. M., Francischi, J. N., Lima-Paiva, P., Sluka, K. A. & Resende, M. A. (2013). Effect of transcutaneous electrical stimulation on nociception and edema induced by peripheral serotonin. Int J Neurosci, 123(7), 507-515. PMID: 23336713.

Correa, J. B., Costa, L. O., de Oliveira, N. T., Sluka, K. A. & Liebano, R. E. (2013). Effects of the carrier frequency of interferential current on pain modulation in patients with chronic nonspecific low back pain: a protocol of a randomised controlled trial. BMC Musculoskelet Disord, 14, 195. PMID: 23802771.

Sluka, K. A. (2013). Effects of physical activity on laboratory pain: Studies on animals. In P. Ekkekakis (Eds.) The Routledge Handbook of Physical Activity and Mental Health. New York, New York: Taylor and Francis.

Sluka, K. A., Rasmussen, L. A., Edgar, M. M., O'Donnell, J. M., Walder, R. Y., Kolker, S. J., Boyle, D. L. & Firestein, G. S. (2013). Acid-sensing ion channel 3 deficiency increases inflammation but decreases pain behavior in murine arthritis. Arthritis Rheum, 65(5), 1194-1202. PMID: 23335302.

Sato, K. L., King, E. W., Johanek, L. M. & Sluka, K. A. (2013). Spinal cord stimulation reduces hypersensitivity through activation of opioid receptors in a frequency-dependent manner. Eur J Pain, 17(4), 551-561. PMID: 23065849.

Sluka, K. A., O'Donnell, J. M., Danielson, J. & Rasmussen, L. A. (2013). Regular physical activity prevents development of chronic pain and activation of central neurons. J Appl Physiol (1985), 114(6), 725-733. PMID: 23271699.

Sluka, K. A. (2013). Peripheral and central mechanisms of chronic musculoskeletal pain. Pain Manag, 3(2), 103-107. PMID: 24504260.

Lu, Y., Whiteis, C. A., Sluka, K. A., Chapleau, M. W. & Abboud, F. M. (2013). Responses of glomus cells to hypoxia and acidosis are uncoupled, reciprocal and linked to ASIC3 expression: selectivity of chemosensory transduction. J Physiol, 591(4), 919-932. PMID: 23165770.

Boyan, B. D., Tosi, L. L., Coutts, R. D., Enoka, R. M., Hart, D. A., Nicolella, D. P., Berkley, K. J., Sluka, K. A., Kwoh, C. K., O'Connor, M. I., Kohrt, W. M. & Resnick, E. (2013). Addressing the gaps: sex differences in osteoarthritis of the knee. Biol Sex Differ, 4(1), 4. PMID: 23374401.

Boyan, B. D., Hart, D. A., Enoka, R. M., Nicolella, D. P., Resnick, E., Berkley, K. J., Sluka, K. A., Kwoh, C. K., Tosi, L. L., O'Connor, M. I., Coutts, R. D. & Kohrt, W. M. (2013). Hormonal modulation of connective tissue homeostasis and sex differences in risk for osteoarthritis of the knee. Biol Sex Differ, 4(1), 3. PMID: 23374322.

DeSantana, J. M., da Cruz, K. M. & Sluka, K. A. (2013). Animal models of fibromyalgia. Arthritis Res Ther, 15(6), 222. PMID: 24314231.

Sluka, K. A., Arendt-Nielsen, L. (2013). Widespread Chronic Pain: Underlying Mechanisms and Clinical Implications. In B. Taylor , D. Finn (Eds.) Behavioral Neurobiology of Chronic Pain. New York, New York: Springer.

Nicolella, D. P., O'Connor, M. I., Enoka, R. M., Boyan, B. D., Hart, D. A., Resnick, E., Berkley, K. J., Sluka, K. A., Kwoh, C. K., Tosi, L. L., Coutts, R. D., Havill, L. M. & Kohrt, W. M. (2012). Mechanical contributors to sex differences in idiopathic knee osteoarthritis. Biol Sex Differ, 3(1), 28. PMID: 23259740.

Sluka, K. A., Berkley, K. J., O'Connor, M. I., Nicolella, D. P., Enoka, R. M., Boyan, B. D., Hart, D. A., Resnick, E., Kwoh, C. K., Tosi, L. L., Coutts, R. D. & Kohrt, W. M. (2012). Neural and psychosocial contributions to sex differences in knee osteoarthritic pain. Biol Sex Differ, 3(1), 26. PMID: 23244577.

Rakel, B. A., Blodgett, N. P., Zimmerman, M. B., Logsden-Sackett, N., Clark, C., Noiseaux, N., Callaghan, J., Herr, K., Geasland, K., Yang, X. & Sluka, K. A. (2012). Predictors of postoperative movement and resting pain following total knee replacement. Pain, 153(11), 2192-2203. PMID: 22840570.

Boyan, B. D., Tosi, L., Coutts, R., Enoka, R., Hart, D. A., Nicolella, D. P., Berkley, K., Sluka, K. A., Kwoh, K., O'Connor, M. I. & Kohrt, W. (2012). Sex differences in osteoarthritis of the knee. J Am Acad Orthop Surg, 20(10), 668-669. PMID: 23027696.

Sato, K. L., Sanada, L. S., Rakel, B. A. & Sluka, K. A. (2012). Increasing intensity of TENS prevents analgesic tolerance in rats. J Pain, 13(9), 884-890. PMID: 22858165.

Walder, R. Y., Radhakrishnan, R., Loo, L., Rasmussen, L. A., Mohapatra, D. P., Wilson, S. P. & Sluka, K. A. (2012). TRPV1 is important for mechanical and heat sensitivity in uninjured animals and development of heat hypersensitivity after muscle inflammation. Pain, 153(8), 1664-1672. PMID: 22694790.

Vance, C. G., Rakel, B. A., Blodgett, N. P., DeSantana, J. M., Amendola, A., Zimmerman, M. B., Walsh, D. M. & Sluka, K. A. (2012). Effects of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation on pain, pain sensitivity, and function in people with knee osteoarthritis: a randomized controlled trial. Phys Ther, 92(7), 898-910. PMID: 22466027.

Oliveira, L. R., de Melo, V. U., Macedo, F. N., Barreto, A. S., Badaue-Passos Jr, D., Viana dos Santos, M. R., Dias, D. P., Sluka, K. A., DeSantana, J. M. & Santana-Filho, V. J. (2012). Induction of chronic non-inflammatory widespread pain increases cardiac sympathetic modulation in rats. Auton Neurosci, 167(1-2), 45-49. PMID: 22266357.

Sluka, K. A., Danielson, J., Rasmussen, L. & DaSilva, L. F. (2012). Exercise-induced pain requires NMDA receptor activation in the medullary raphe nuclei. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 44(3), 420-427. PMID: 21795998.

Gautam, M., Benson, C. J., Ranier, J. D., Light, A. R. & Sluka, K. A. (2012). ASICs Do Not Play a Role in Maintaining Hyperalgesia Induced by Repeated Intramuscular Acid Injections. Pain Res Treat, 2012, 817347. PMID: 22191025.

Tonelli, S. M., Rakel, B. A., Cooper, N. A., Angstom, W. L. & Sluka, K. A. (2011). Women with knee osteoarthritis have more pain and poorer function than men, but similar physical activity prior to total knee replacement. Biol Sex Differ, 2, 12. PMID: 22074728.

Walder, R. Y., Gautam, M., Wilson, S. P., Benson, C. J. & Sluka, K. A. (2011). Selective targeting of ASIC3 using artificial miRNAs inhibits primary and secondary hyperalgesia after muscle inflammation. Pain, 152(10), 2348-2356. PMID: 21843914.

Moran, F., Leonard, T., Hawthorne, S., Hughes, C. M., McCrum-Gardner, E., Johnson, M. I., Rakel, B. A., Sluka, K. A. & Walsh, D. M. (2011). Hypoalgesia in response to transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) depends on stimulation intensity. J Pain, 12(8), 929-935. PMID: 21481649.

de Resende, M. A., Silva, L. F., Sato, K., Arendt-Nielsen, L. & Sluka, K. A. (2011). Blockade of opioid receptors in the medullary reticularis nucleus dorsalis, but not the rostral ventromedial medulla, prevents analgesia produced by diffuse noxious inhibitory control in rats with muscle inflammation. J Pain, 12(6), 687-697. PMID: 21330219.

Pantaleao, M. A., Laurino, M. F., Gallego, N. L., Cabral, C. M., Rakel, B. A., Vance, C. G., Sluka, K. A., Walsh, D. M. & Liebano, R. E. (2011). Adjusting pulse amplitude during transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) application produces greater hypoalgesia. J Pain, 12(5), 581-590. PMID: 21277840.

Liebano, R. E., Rakel, B. A., Vance, C. G., Walsh, D. M. & Sluka, K. A. (2011). An investigation of the development of analgesic tolerance to TENS in humans. Pain, 152(2), 335-342. PMID: 21144659.

Dannecker, E. A., Sluka, K. A. (2011). Pressure and activity-related allodynia in delayed-onset muscle pain. Clin J Pain, 27(1), 42-47. PMID: 20842023.

Gautam, M., Benson, C. J. & Sluka, K. A. (2010). Increased response of muscle sensory neurons to decreases in pH after muscle inflammation. Neuroscience, 170(3), 893-900. PMID: 20691768.

Da Silva, L. F., Walder, R. Y., Davidson, B. L., Wilson, S. P. & Sluka, K. A. (2010). Changes in expression of NMDA-NR1 receptor subunits in the rostral ventromedial medulla modulate pain behaviors. Pain, 151(1), 155-161. PMID: 20688433.

Kolker, S. J., Walder, R. Y., Usachev, Y., Hillman, J., Boyle, D. L., Firestein, G. S. & Sluka, K. A. (2010). Acid-sensing ion channel 3 expressed in type B synoviocytes and chondrocytes modulates hyaluronan expression and release. Ann Rheum Disease, 69(5), 903-909. PMID: 19933746.

Da Silva, L. F., DeSantana, J. M. & Sluka, K. A. (2010). Activation of NMDA receptors in the brainstem, rostral ventromedial medulla, and nucleus reticularis gigantocellularis mediates mechanical hyperalgesia produced by repeated intramuscular injections of acidic saline in rats. J Pain, 11(4), 378-387. PMID: 19853525.

Rakel, B. A., Cooper, N., Adams, H. J., Messer, B. R., Frey Law, L. A., Dannen, D. R., Miller, C. A., Polehna, A. C., Ruggle, R. C., Vance, C. G., Walsh, D. M. & Sluka, K. A. (2010). A new transient sham TENS device allows for investigator blinding while delivering a true placebo treatment. J Pain, 11(3), 230-238. PMID: 19945354.

Walder, R. Y., Rasmussen, L. A., Rainier, J. D., Light, A. R., Wemmie, J. A. & Sluka, K. A. (2010). ASIC1 and ASIC3 play different roles in the development of hyperalgesia after inflammatory muscle injury. J Pain, 11(3), 210-218. PMID: 20015700.

Sluka, K. A., Rasmussen, L. A. (2010). Fatiguing exercise enhances hyperalgesia to muscle inflammation. Pain, 148(2), 188-197. PMID: 19632780.

DeSantana, J. M., da Silva, L. F. & Sluka, K. A. (2010). Cholecystokinin receptors mediate tolerance to the analgesic effect of TENS in arthritic rats. Pain, 148(1), 84-93. PMID: 19944533.

Hoeger Bement, M. K., Vance, C. G. & Sluka, K. A. (2010). Managing Wound Related Pain In: Wound Healing: Alternatives in Management, 4th Edition. J. M. McCullough , L. C. Kloth (Eds.) FA Davis Publishers.

McNearney, T. A., Sluka, K. A., Ahn, C., Reveille, J. D., Fischbach, M. & Mayes, M. D. (2010). Plasma endogenous enkephalin levels in early systemic sclerosis: clinical and laboratory associations. Clin Exp Rheumatol, 28(2 Suppl 58), S7-11. PMID: 20576209.

DeSantana, J. M., Da Silva, L. S., De Resende, M. A. & Sluka, K. A. (2009). Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation at both high and low frequencies activates ventrolateral periaqueductal grey to decrease mechanical hyperalgesia in arthritic rats. Neuroscience, 163(4), 1233-1241. PMID: 19576962.

Sluka, K. A. (2009). Is it possible to develop an animal model of fibromyalgia?. Pain, 146(1-2), 3-4. PMID: 19695780.

Sluka, K. A., Winter, O. C. & Wemmie, J. A. (2009). Acid-sensing ion channels: A new target for pain and CNS diseases. Curr Opin Drug Discov Devel, 12(5), 693-704. PMID: 19736627.

Radhakrishnan, P., Sluka, K. A. (2009). Increased glutamate and decreased glycine release in the rostral ventromedial medulla during induction of a pre-clinical model of chronic widespread muscle pain. Neurosci Lett, 457(3), 141-145. PMID: 19429181.

Cowan, S., McKenna, J., McCrum-Gardner, E., Johnson, M. I., Sluka, K. A. & Walsh, D. M. (2009). An investigation of the hypoalgesic effects of TENS delivered by a glove electrode. J Pain, 10(7), 694-701. PMID: 19398378.

Sluka, K. A., Turk, D. C. (2009). Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Older Adults with Chronic Pain. (Vols. 89). (5), pp. 470-472. Phys Ther. PMID: 19411242.

Walsh, D. M., Howe, T. E., Johnson, M. I. & Sluka, K. A. (2009). Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation for acute pain. Cochrane Database Syst Rev,(2), CD006142. PMID: 19370629.

Maeda, Y., Ikeuchi, M., Wacnik, P. & Sluka, K. A. (2009). Increased c-fos immunoreactivity in the spinal cord and brain following spinal cord stimulation is frequency-dependent. Brain Res, 1259, 40-50. PMID: 19161992.

Ikeuchi, M., Kolker, S. J. & Sluka, K. A. (2009). Acid-sensing ion channel 3 expression in mouse knee joint afferents and effects of carrageenan-induced arthritis. J Pain, 10(3), 336-342. PMID: 19185546.

DeSantana, J. M., Sluka, K. A. & Lauretti, G. R. (2009). High and low frequency TENS reduce postoperative pain intensity after laparoscopic tubal ligation: a randomized controlled trial. Clin J Pain, 25(1), 12-19. PMID: 19158541.

Sluka, K. A. (2009). Pain Mechanisms and Management for the Physical Therapist. K. A. Sluka (Eds.) Seattle, WA: IASP Press - International Association for the Study of Pain.

DeSantana, J. M., Walsh, D. M., Vance, C. G., Rakel, B. A. & Sluka, K. A. (2008). Effectiveness of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation for treatment of hyperalgesia and pain. Curr Rheumatol Rep, 10(6), 492-499. PMID: 19007541.

Arendt-Nielsen, L., Sluka, K. A. & Nie, H. L. (2008). Experimental muscle pain impairs descending inhibition. Pain, 140(3), 465-471. PMID: 18977598.

Frey Law, L. A., Sluka, K. A., McMullen, T., Lee, J. E., Arendt-Nielsen, L. & Graven-Nielsen, T. (2008). Acidic buffer induced muscle pain evokes referred pain and mechanical hyperalgesia in humans. Pain, 140(2), 254-264. PMID: 18835099.

Desantana, J. M., Sluka, K. A. (2008). Central mechanisms in the maintenance of chronic widespread noninflammatory muscle pain. Curr Pain Headache Rep, 12(5), 338-343. PMID: 18765138.

Maeda, Y., Wacnik, P. W. & Sluka, K. A. (2008). Low frequencies, but not high frequencies of bi-polar spinal cord stimulation reduce cutaneous and muscle hyperalgesia induced by nerve injury. Pain, 138(1), 143-152. PMID: 18207326.

Frey Law, L. A., Evans, S., Knudtson, J., Nus, S., Scholl, K. & Sluka, K. A. (2008). Massage reduces pain perception and hyperalgesia in experimental muscle pain: a randomized, controlled trial. J Pain, 9(8), 714-721. PMID: 18455480.

Ikeuchi, M., Kolker, S. J., Burnes, L. A., Walder, R. Y. & Sluka, K. A. (2008). Role of ASIC3 in the primary and secondary hyperalgesia produced by joint inflammation in mice. Pain, 137(3), 662-669. PMID: 18343037.

Desantana, J. M., Santana-Filho, V. J., Guerra, D. R., Sluka, K. A., Gurgel, R. Q. & da Silva Jr., W. M. (2008). Hypoalgesic effect of the transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation following inguinal herniorrhaphy: a randomized, controlled trial. J Pain, 9(7), 623-629. PMID: 18387854.

Tillu, D. V., Gebhart, G. F. & Sluka, K. A. (2008). Descending facilitatory pathways from the RVM initiate and maintain bilateral hyperalgesia after muscle insult. Pain, 136(3), 331-339. PMID: 17764841.

Burnes, L. A., Kolker, S. J., Danielson, J. F., Walder, R. Y. & Sluka, K. A. (2008). Enhanced muscle fatigue occurs in male but not female ASIC3 -/- mice. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol, 294(4), R1347-R1355. PMID: 18305024.

Desantana, J. M., Santana-Filho, V. J. & Sluka, K. A. (2008). Modulation between high- and low-frequency transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation delays the development of analgesic tolerance in arthritic rats. Arch Phys Med Rehabil, 89(4), 754-760. PMID: 18374009.

Hingne, P. M., Sluka, K. A. (2008). Blockade of NMDA receptors prevents analgesic tolerance to repeated transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) in rats. J Pain, 9(3), 217-225. PMID: 18061543.

Yokoyama, T., Ushida, T., Yamasaki, F., Inoue, S. & Sluka, K. A. (2008). Epidural puncture can be confirmed by the Queckenstedt-test procedure in patients with cervical spinal canal stenosis. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand, 52(2), 265-261. PMID: 17999711.

Walder, R. Y., Sluka, K. A. (2008). Chapter 6: Bilateral, long-lasting hyperalgesia due to repeated excitation of muscle nociceptors: a role for ASIC3. In Fundamentals of Musculoskeletal Pain. pp. 91-102. IASP Press.

Walder, R. Y., Sluka, K. A. (2008). Centering on central mechanisms in the development and maintenance of chronic widespread muscle pain. J Musculoskelet Pain, 16(1-2), 107-113. DOI: 10.1080/10582450801960438.

Sluka, K. A., Skyba, D. A., Hoeger Bement, M. K., Audette, K. M. & Radhakrishnana, R. (2008). Chapter 17: Second messenger pathways in pain. In: Molecular Pain. Higher Education Press, Springer, China.

Sluka, K. A., Westlund, K. N. (2008). Neurological Regulation of Inflammation In: Kelley's Textbook of Rheumatology, 7th Ed.

Sluka, K. A. (2008). The Neurobiology of Pain and Foundations for Electrical Stimulation for Pain Control In: Clinical Electrophysiology. A. J. Robinson , L. Snyder-Mackler (Eds.) pp. 107-149. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; Philadelphia.

Yokoyama, T., Lisi, T. L., Moore, S. A. & Sluka, K. A. (2007). Muscle fatigue increases the probability of developing hyperalgesia in mice. J Pain, 8(9), 692-699. PMID: 17627895.

Bement, M. K., Sluka, K. A. (2007). Co-localization of p-CREB and p-NR1 in spinothalamic neurons in a chronic muscle pain model. Neurosci Lett, 418(1), 22-27. PMID: 17395373.

Sluka, K. A., Radhakrishnan, R., Benson, C. J., Eshcol, J. O., Price, M. P., Babinski, K., Audette, K. M., Yeomans, D. C. & Wilson, S. P. (2007). ASIC3 in muscle mediates mechanical, but not heat, hyperalgesia associated with muscle inflammation. Pain, 129(1-2), 102-112. PMID: 17134831.

Yokoyama, T., Maeda, Y., Audette, K. M. & Sluka, K. A. (2007). Pregabalin reduces muscle and cutaneous hyperalgesia in two models of chronic muscle pain in rats. J Pain, 8(5), 422-429. PMID: 17293165.

Moss, P., Sluka, K. A. & Wright, A. (2007). The initial effects of knee joint mobilization on osteoarthritic hyperalgesia. Man Ther, 12(2), 109-118. PMID: 16777467.

Maeda, Y., Lisi, T. L., Vance, C. C. & Sluka, K. A. (2007). Release of GABA and activation of GABA(A) in the spinal cord mediates the effects of TENS in rats. Brain Res, 1136(1), 43-50. PMID: 17234163.

Hingne, P. M., Sluka, K. A. (2007). Differences in waveform characteristics have no effect on the anti-hyperalgesia produced by transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) in rats with joint inflammation. J Pain, 8(3), 251-255. PMID: 17169615.

Hoeger Bement, M. K., Sluka, K. A. (2007). Pain: Perception and mechanisms In: Scientific Foundations and Principles of Practice in Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation. Magee , Zachazewski , Quillen (Eds.) Saunders-Elsevier Health Sciences.

Sluka, K. A., Skyba, D. A., Hoeger Bement, M. K., Audette, K. M. & Radhakrishnan, R. (2007). Chapter 17: Second Messenger Pathways in Pain In: Molecular Pain. M. Zhuo (Eds.) (Part V), pp. pp 219-234. Springer New York. DOI: 10.1007/978-0-387-75269-3_17.

Yokoyama, T., Sadahiro, T., Sluka, K. A., Yamashita, K., Tokoroyama, H. & Manabe, M. (2007). Tethered cord syndrome discovered in preoperative examination. J Anesth, 21(2), 270-272. PMID: 17458659.

Vance, C. G., Radhakrishnan, R., Skyba, D. A. & Sluka, K. A. (2007). Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation at both high and low frequencies reduces primary hyperalgesia in rats with joint inflammation in a time-dependent manner. Phys Ther, 87(1), 44-51. PMID: 17142641.

Yokoyama, T., Yamashita, K., Manabe, M. & Sluka, K. A. (2006). Tracheobronchomalacia-like lung collapse during three separate trials of general anesthesia. Anesth Analg, 103(4), 1039-1040. PMID: 17000829.

Sluka, K. A., Lisi, T. L. & Westlund, K. N. (2006). Increased release of serotonin in the spinal cord during low, but not high, frequency transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation in rats with joint inflammation. Arch Phys Med Rehabil, 87(8), 1137-1140. PMID: 16876561.

Sluka, K. A., Skyba, D. A., Radhakrishnan, R., Leeper, B. J. & Wright, A. (2006). Joint mobilization reduces hyperalgesia associated with chronic muscle and joint inflammation in rats. J Pain, 7(8), 602-607. PMID: 16885017.

Sluka, K. A., Audette, K. M. (2006). Activation of protein kinase C in the spinal cord produces mechanical hyperalgesia by activating glutamate receptors, but does not mediate chronic muscle-induced hyperalgesia. Mol Pain, 2, 13. PMID: 16584564.

Vadakkan, K. I., Wang, H., Ko, S. W., Zastepa, E., Petrovic, M. J., Sluka, K. A. & Zhuo, M. (2006). Genetic reduction of chronic muscle pain in mice lacking calcium/calmodulin-stimulated adenylyl cyclases. Mol Pain, 2, 7. PMID: 16503978.

Lisi, T. L., Sluka, K. A. (2006). A new electrochemical HPLC method for analysis of enkelphalins and endomorphins. J Neurosci Methods, 150(1), 74-79. PMID: 16051372.

Moss, P., Sluka, K. & Wright, A. (2006). Chapter 73: Passive joint movement produces local and widespread hypoalgesic effects in subjects with knee osteoarthritis. In Proceedings of the 11th World Congress on Pain. pp. 843-850. Seattle, WA: IASP Press.

Sluka, K. A., Westlund, K. N. (2006). Nocifensive behaviors (muscle and joint). In Encyclopedic Reference of Pain.

Sluka, K. A. (2006). Opioids and muscle pain. In Encyclopedic Reference of Pain.

Sluka, K. A. (2006). TENS, mechanisms of action. In Encyclopedic Reference of Pain.

Ainsworth, L., Budelier, K., Clinesmith, M., Fiedler, A., Landstrom, R., Leeper, B. J., Moeller, L., Mutch, S., O'Dell, K., Ross, J., Radhakrishnan, R. & Sluka, K. A. (2006). Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) reduces chronic hyperalgesia induced by muscle inflammation. Pain, 120(1-2), 182-187. PMID: 16360266.

Skyba, D. A., Lisi, T. L. & Sluka, K. A. (2005). Excitatory amino acid concentrations increase in the spinal cord dorsal horn after repeated intramuscular injection of acidic saline. Pain, 119(1-3), 142-149. PMID: 16297556.

Sluka, K. A., Vance, C. G. & Lisi, T. L. (2005). High-frequency, but not low-frequency, transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation reduces aspartate and glutamate release in the spinal cord dorsal horn. J Neurochem, 95(6), 1794-1801. PMID: 16236028.

Radhakrishnan, R., Sluka, K. A. (2005). Deep tissue afferents, but not cutaneous afferents, mediate transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation-induced antihyperalgesia. J Pain, 6(10), 673-680. PMID: 16202960.

Bement, M. K., Sluka, K. A. (2005). Low-intensity exercise reverses chronic muscle pain in the rat in a naloxone-dependent manner. Arch Phys Med Rehabil, 86(9), 1736-1740. PMID: 16181935.

King, E. W., Audette, K., Athman, G. A., Nguyen, H. O., Sluka, K. A. & Fairbanks, C. A. (2005). Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation activates peripherally located alpha-2A adrenergic receptors. Pain, 115(3), 364-373. PMID: 15911163.

Radhakrishnan, R., Sluka, K. A. (2005). Acetazolamide, a carbonic anhydrase inhibitor, reverses inflammation-induced thermal hyperalgesia in rats. J Pharmacol Exp Ther, 313(2), 921-927. PMID: 15743922.

Skyba, D. A., Radhakrishnan, R. & Sluka, K. A. (2005). Characterization of a method for measuring primary hyperalgesia of deep somatic tissue. J Pain, 6(1), 41-47. PMID: 15629417.

Radhakrishnan, R., Bement, M. K., Skyba, D. A., Sluka, K. A. & Kehl, L. J. (2004). Models of muscle pain: carrageenan model and acidic saline model. Curr Protoc Pharmacol, Chapter 5, Unit 5.35. PMID: 22294122.

Skyba, D. A., Radhakrishnan, R., Hoeger Bement, M. K. & Sluka, K. A. (2004). The cAMP pathway and pain: potential targets for drug development. Drug Discovery Today: Disease Models, 1(2), 115-119. DOI: 10.1016/j.ddmod.2004.07.003.

Sluka, K. A., Price, M. P., Breese, N. M., Stucky, C. L., Wemmie, J. A. & Welsh, M. J. (2003). Chronic hyperalgesia induced by repeated acid injections in muscle is abolished by the loss of ASIC3, but not ASIC1. Pain, 106(3), 229-239. PMID: 14659506.

Radhakrishnan, R., Sluka, K. A. (2003). Spinal muscarinic receptors are activated during low or high frequency TENS-induced antihyperalgesia in rats. Neuropharmacology, 45(8), 1111-1119. PMID: 14614954.

Skyba, D. A., Radhakrishnan, R., Rohlwing, J. J., Wright, A. & Sluka, K. A. (2003). Joint manipulation reduces hyperalgesia by activation of monoamine receptors but not opioid or GABA receptors in the spinal cord. Pain, 106(1-2), 159-168. PMID: 14581123.

Hoeger Bement, M. K., Skyba, D. A., Radhakrishnan, R. & Sluka, K. A. (2003). Review: central sensitization and musculoskeletal pain. Seminars in Pain Medicine, 1(3), 139-149. DOI: 10.1016/S1537-5897(03)00045-4.

Radhakrishnan, R., King, E. W., Dickman, J. K., Herold, C. A., Johnston, N. F., Spurgin, M. L. & Sluka, K. A. (2003). Spinal 5-HT(2) and 5-HT(3) receptors mediate low, but not high, frequency TENS-induced antihyperalgesia in rats. Pain, 105(1-2), 205-213. PMID: 14499437.

Radhakrishnan, R., Moore, S. A. & Sluka, K. A. (2003). Unilateral carrageenan injection into muscle or joint induces chronic bilateral hyperalgesia in rats. Pain, 104(3), 567-577. PMID: 12927629.

Hoeger Bement, M. K., Sluka, K. A. (2003). Phosphorylation of CREB and mechanical hyperalgesia is reversed by blockade of the cAMP pathway in a time-dependent manner after repeated intramuscular acid injections. J Neurosci, 23(13), 5437-5445. PMID: 12843242.

Lisi, T. L., Westlund, K. N. & Sluka, K. A. (2003). Comparison of microdialysis and push-pull perfusion for retrieval of serotonin and norepinephrine in the spinal cord dorsal horn. J Neurosci Methods, 126(2), 187-194. PMID: 12814843.

Saito, F., Moore, S. A., Barresi, R., Henry, M. D., Messing, A., Ross-Barta, S. E., Cohn, R. D., Williamson, R. A., Sluka, K. A., Sherman, D. L., Brophy, P. J., Schmelzer, J. D., Low, P. A., Wrabetz, L., Feltri, M. L. & Campbell, K. P. (2003). Unique role of dystroglycan in peripheral nerve myelination, nodal structure, and sodium channel stabilization. Neuron, 38(5), 747-758. PMID: 12797959.

Sluka, K. A., Walsh, D. (2003). Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation: basic science mechanisms and clinical effectiveness. J Pain, 4(3), 109-121. PMID: 14622708.

Chandran, P., Sluka, K. A. (2003). Development of opioid tolerance with repeated transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation administration. Pain, 102(1-2), 195-201. PMID: 12620611.

Sluka, K. A., Chandran, P. (2002). Enhanced reduction in hyperalgesia by combined administration of clonidine and TENS. Pain, 100(1-2), 183-190. PMID: 12435471.

Zahn, P. K., Sluka, K. A. & Brennan, T. J. (2002). Excitatory amino acid release in the spinal cord caused by plantar incision in the rat. Pain, 100(1-2), 65-76. PMID: 12435460.

Sluka, K. A., Rohlwing, J. J., Bussey, R. A., Eikenberry, S. A. & Wilken, J. M. (2002). Chronic muscle pain induced by repeated acid injection is reversed by spinally administered mu- and delta-, but not kappa-, opioid receptor agonists. J Pharmacol Exp Ther, 302(3), 1146-1150. PMID: 12183674.

Skyba, D. A., King, E. W. & Sluka, K. A. (2002). Effects of NMDA and non-NMDA ionotropic glutamate receptor antagonists on the development and maintenance of hyperalgesia induced by repeated intramuscular injection of acidic saline. Pain, 98(1-2), 69-78. PMID: 12098618.

Sluka, K. A. (2002). Stimulation of deep somatic tissue with capsaicin produces long-lasting mechanical allodynia and heat hypoalgesia that depends on early activation of the cAMP pathway. J Neurosci, 22(13), 5687-5693. PMID: 12097520.

Sluka, K. A., Hoeger, M. K. & Skyba, D. A. (2002). Basic science mechanisms of physical therapy treatments for pain. In M. A. Giamberaridino (Eds.) Pain 2002 An Updated Review: A Refresher Course. Seattle: ASP Press.

Price, M. P., McIlwrath, S. L., Xie, J., Cheng, C., Qiao, J., Tarr, D. E., Sluka, K. A., Brennan, T. J., Lewin, G. R. & Welsh, M. J. (2001). The DRASIC cation channel contributes to the detection of cutaneous touch and acid stimuli in mice. Neuron, 32(6), 1071-1083. PMID: 11754838.

Kalra, A., Urban, M. O. & Sluka, K. A. (2001). Blockade of opioid receptors in the rostral ventral medulla prevents antihyperalgesia produced by transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS). J Pharmacol Exp Ther, 298(1), 257-263. PMID: 11408550.

King, E. W., Sluka, K. A. (2001). The effect of varying frequency and intensity of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation on secondary mechanical hyperalgesia in an animal model of inflammation. J Pain, 2(2), 128-133. PMID: 14622834.

Wright, A., Sluka, K. A. (2001). Nonpharmacological treatments for musculoskeletal pain. Clin J Pain, 17(1), 33-46. PMID: 11289087.

Ma, Y. T., Sluka, K. A. (2001). Reduction in inflammation-induced sensitization of dorsal horn neurons by transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation in anesthetized rats. Exp Brain Res, 137(1), 94-102. PMID: 11310176.

Patterson, S. L., Sluka, K. A. & Arnold, M. A. (2001). A novel transverse push-pull microprobe: in vitro characterization and in vivo demonstration of the enzymatic production of adenosine in the spinal cord dorsal horn. J Neurochem, 76(1), 234-246. PMID: 11145997.

Sluka, K. A., Wright, A. (2001). Knee joint mobilization reduces secondary mechanical hyperalgesia induced by capsaicin injection into the ankle joint. Eur J Pain, 5(1), 81-87. PMID: 11394925.

Sluka, K. A. (2001). The basic science mechanisms of TENS and clinical implications. APS Bulletin, 1, 10-13.

Sluka, K. A., Kalra, A. & Moore, S. M. (2001). Unilateral intramuscular injections of acidic saline produce a bilateral, long-lasting hyperalgesia. Muscle Nerve, 24(1), 37-46. PMID: 11150964.

Sluka, K. A. (2000). Systemic morphine in combination with TENS produces an increased antihyperalgesia in rats with acute inflammation. J Pain, 1(3), 204-211. PMID: 14622619.

Gopalkrishnan, P., Sluka, K. A. (2000). Effect of varying frequency, intensity, and pulse duration of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation on primary hyperalgesia in inflamed rats. Arch Phys Med Rehabil, 81(7), 984-990. PMID: 10896017.

Sluka, K. A., Judge, M. A., McColley, M. M., Reveiz, P. M. & Taylor, B. M. (2000). Low frequency TENS is less effective than high frequency TENS at reducing inflammation-induced hyperalgesia in morphine-tolerant rats. Eur J Pain, 4(2), 185-193. PMID: 10957699.

Sluka, K. A., Deacon, M., Stibal, A., Strissel, S. & Terpstra, A. (1999). Spinal blockade of opioid receptors prevents the analgesia produced by TENS in arthritic rats. J Pharmacol Exp Ther, 289(2), 840-846. PMID: 10215661.

Sluka, K. A., Christy, M. R., Peterson, W. L., Rudd, S. L. & Troy, S. M. (1999). Reduction of pain-related behaviors with either cold or heat treatment in an animal model of acute arthritis. Arch Phys Med Rehabil, 80(3), 313-317. PMID: 10084440.

Sluka, K. A. (1998). Blockade of N- and P/Q-type calcium channels reduces the secondary heat hyperalgesia induced by acute inflammation. J Pharmacol Exp Ther, 287(1), 232-237. PMID: 9765342.

Rees, H., Sluka, K. A., Urban, L., Walpole, C. J. & Willis, W. D. (1998). The effects of SDZ NKT 343, a potent NK1 receptor antagonist, on cutaneous responses of primate spinothalamic tract neurones sensitized by intradermal capsaicin injection. Exp Brain Res, 121(3), 355-358. PMID: 9746141.

Sluka, K. A., Willis, W. D. (1998). Increased spinal release of excitatory amino acids following intradermal injection of capsaicin is reduced by a protein kinase G inhibitor. Brain Res, 798(1-2), 281-286. PMID: 9666148.

Sluka, K. A., Bailey, K., Bogush, J., Olson, R. & Ricketts, A. (1998). Treatment with either high or low frequency TENS reduces the secondary hyperalgesia observed after injection of kaolin and carrageenan into the knee joint. Pain, 77(1), 97-102. PMID: 9755024.

Willis, W. D., Sluka, K. A., Rees, H. & Westlund, K. (1998). Chapter 25: A Contribution of Dorsal Root Reflexes to Peripheral Inflammation. In P. Rudomin , R. Romo , L. M. Mendell (Eds.) In: Presynaptic Inhibition and Neural Control. pp. 424-439. New York: Oxford University Press.

Sluka, K. A. (1997). Activation of the cAMP transduction cascade contributes to the mechanical hyperalgesia and allodynia induced by intradermal injection of capsaicin. Br J Pharmacol, 122(6), 1165-1173. PMID: 9401782.

Sluka, K. A., Rees, H., Chen, P. S., Tsuruoka, M. & Willis, W. D. (1997). Capsaicin-induced sensitization of primate spinothalamic tract cells is prevented by a protein kinase C inhibitor. Brain Res, 772(1-2), 82-86. PMID: 9406958.

Sluka, K. A. (1997). Blockade of calcium channels can prevent the onset of secondary hyperalgesia and allodynia induced by intradermal injection of capsaicin in rats. Pain, 71(2), 157-164. PMID: 9211477.

Sluka, K. A., Rees, H., Chen, P. S., Tsuruoka, M. & Willis, W. D. (1997). Inhibitors of G-proteins and protein kinases reduce the sensitization to mechanical stimulation and the desensitization to heat of spinothalamic tract neurons induced by intradermal injection of capsaicin in the primate. Exp Brain Res, 115(1), 15-24. PMID: 9224830.

Sluka, K. A., Willis, W. D. (1997). The effects of G-protein and protein kinase inhibitors on the behavioral responses of rats to intradermal injection of capsaicin. Pain, 71(2), 165-178. PMID: 9211478.

Sluka, K. A., Milton, M. A., Willis, W. D. & Westlund, K. N. (1997). Differential roles of neurokinin 1 and neurokinin 2 receptors in the development and maintenance of heat hyperalgesia induced by acute inflammation. Br J Pharmacol, 120(7), 1263-1273. PMID: 9105701.

Sluka, K. A., Rees, H. (1997). The neuronal response to pain. Physiotherapy Theory and Practice, 13(1), 3-22. DOI: 10.3109/09593989709036445.

Rees, H., Sluka, K. A., Lu, Y., Westlund, K. N. & Willis, W. D. (1996). Dorsal root reflexes in articular afferents occur bilaterally in a chronic model of arthritis in rats. J Neurophysiol, 76(6), 4190-4193. PMID: 8985913.

Sluka, K. A. (1996). Pain mechanisms involved in musculoskeletal disorders. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther, 24(4), 240-254. PMID: 8892139.

Willis, W. D., Sluka, K. A., Rees, H. & Westlund, K. N. (1996). Cooperative mechanisms of neurotransmitter action in central nervous sensitization. Prog Brain Res, 110, 151-166. PMID: 9000723.

Willis, W. D., Sluka, K. A., Rees, H. & Westlund, K. N. (1996). Chapter 12: Cooperative mechanisms of neurotransmitter actions in central sensitization. In G. Carli , M. Zimmerman (Eds.) In: Towards the Neurobiology of Chronic Pain, Progress in Brain Research. pp. 151-166. Amsterdam: Elsevier. DOI: 10.1016/S0079-6123(08)62572-8.

Sluka, K. A., Rees, H., Westlund, K. N. & Willis, W. D. (1995). Fiber types contributing to dorsal root reflexes induced by joint inflammation in cats and monkeys. J Neurophysiol, 74(3), 981-989. PMID: 7500166.

Sluka, K. A., Willis, W. D. & Westlund, K. N. (1995). The role of dorsal root reflexes in neurogenic inflammation. Pain Forum, 4(3), 141-149. DOI: org/10.1016/S1082-3174(11)80045-0.

Rees, H., Sluka, K. A., Westlund, K. N. & Willis, W. D. (1995). The role of glutamate and GABA receptors in the generation of dorsal root reflexes by acute arthritis in the anaesthetized rat. J Physiol, 484(Pt 2), 437-445. PMID: 7602536.

Sluka, K. A., Jordan, H. H., Willis, W. D. & Westlund, K. N. (1994). Differential effects of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) and non-NMDA receptor antagonists on spinal release of amino acids after development of acute arthritis in rats. Brain Res, 664(1-2), 77-84. PMID: 7895049.

Sluka, K. A., Willis, W. D. & Westlund, K. N. (1994). Inflammation-induced release of excitatory amino acids is prevented by spinal administration of a GABAA but not by a GABAB receptor antagonist in rats. J Pharmacol Exp Ther, 271(1), 76-82. PMID: 7965759.

Sluka, K. A., Jordan, H. H. & Westlund, K. N. (1994). Reduction in joint swelling and hyperalgesia following post-treatment with a non-NMDA glutamate receptor antagonist. Pain, 59(1), 95-100. PMID: 7854809.

Sluka, K. A., Lawand, N. B. & Westlund, K. N. (1994). Joint inflammation is reduced by dorsal rhizotomy and not by sympathectomy or spinal cord transection. Ann Rheum Dis, 53(5), 309-314. PMID: 8017984.

Rees, H., Sluka, K. A., Westlund, K. N. & Willis, W. D. (1994). Do dorsal root reflexes augment peripheral inflammation?. Neuroreport, 5(7), 821-824. PMID: 8018857.

Sluka, K. A., Willis, W. D. & Westlund, K. N. (1994). Central Control of Peripheral Joint Inflammation and Heat Hyperalgesia. Prog Pain Res Manag, 2(5), 359-371. PMID: 24634572.

Sluka, K. A., Westlund, K. N. (1993). Behavioral and immunohistochemical changes in an experimental arthritis model in rats. Pain, 55(3), 367-377. PMID: 7510059.

Sluka, K. A., Willis, W. D. & Westlund, K. N. (1993). Joint inflammation and hyperalgesia are reduced by spinal bicuculline. Neuroreport, 5(2), 109-112. PMID: 8110997.

Sluka, K. A., Westlund, K. N. (1993). Spinal cord amino acid release and content in an arthritis model: the effects of pretreatment with non-NMDA, NMDA, and NK1 receptor antagonists. Brain Res, 627(1), 89-103. PMID: 7904887.

Sluka, K. A., Westlund, K. N. (1993). Centrally administered non-NMDA but not NMDA receptor antagonists block peripheral knee joint inflammation. Pain, 55(2), 217-225. PMID: 7906027.

Sluka, K. A., Westlund, K. N. (1993). An experimental arthritis model in rats: the effects of NMDA and non-NMDA antagonists on aspartate and glutamate release in the dorsal horn. Neurosci Lett, 149(1), 99-102. PMID: 8097022.

Sluka, K. A., Westlund, K. N. (1992). An experimental arthritis in rat: dorsal horn aspartate and glutamate increases. Neurosci Lett, 145(2), 141-144. PMID: 1361220.

Sluka, K. A., Westlund, K. N. (1992). Spinal projections of the locus coeruleus and the nucleus subcoeruleus in the Harlan and the Sasco Sprague-Dawley rat. Brain Res, 579(1), 67-73. PMID: 1623408.

Dougherty, P. M., Sluka, K. A., Sorkin, L. S., Westlund, K. N. & Willis, W. D. (1992). Neural changes in acute arthritis in monkeys. I. Parallel enhancement of responses of spinothalamic tract neurons to mechanical stimulation and excitatory amino acids. Brain Res Brain Res Rev, 17(1), 1-13. PMID: 1638273.

Westlund, K. N., Sun, Y. C., Sluka, K. A., Dougherty, P. M., Sorkin, L. S. & Willis, W. D. (1992). Neural changes in acute arthritis in monkeys. II. Increased glutamate immunoreactivity in the medial articular nerve. Brain Res Brain Res Rev, 17(1), 15-27. PMID: 1353392.

Sluka, K. A., Dougherty, P. M., Sorkin, L. S., Willis, W. D. & Westlund, K. N. (1992). Neural changes in acute arthritis in monkeys. III. Changes in substance P, calcitonin gene-related peptide and glutamate in the dorsal horn of the spinal cord. Brain Res Brain Res Rev, 17(1), 29-38. PMID: 1379098.

Sorkin, L. S., Westlund, K. N., Sluka, K. A., Dougherty, P. M. & Willis, W. D. (1992). Neural changes in acute arthritis in monkeys. IV. Time-course of amino acid release into the lumbar dorsal horn. Brain Res Brain Res Rev, 17(1), 39-50. PMID: 1638274.