Gary L. Baumbach, MD

Portrait
Professor of Pathology

Contact Information

Primary Office: 1032 Medical Laboratories
Iowa City, IA 52242
319-384-4099

Education

BA, Wartburg College, Waverly, IA
MD, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA

Extern, Pathology, University of Iowa Hospitals & Clinics
Resident, Pathology, University of Iowa Hospitals & Clinics
Resident, Ophthalmology, University of Iowa Hospitals & Clinics
Fellow, Cardiovascular Research/Neuropathology, University of Iowa Hospitals & Clinics
Fellow, Neuropathology, University of Iowa Hospitals & Clinics

Licensure and Certifications

Neuropathology Special Qualification in Neuropathology - American Board of Pathology
Opthalmology - American Board of Ophthalmology
State of Iowa Medical License - Iowa Board of Medicine

Education/Training Program Affiliations

Interdisciplinary Graduate Program in Informatics

Research Summary

The long-term objective of studies in our laboratory is to clarify the relationship between morphology and function of blood vessels in the brain, and to understand the influence of structural changes produced by chronic hypertension and aging on function of the vessel wall. To achieve these goals, in vivo and in vitro methods are used to analyze cerebral vascular mechanics, and morphometric methods to quantitate components of the vessel wall. Hypotheses that are currently being tested include: 1) that contraction of smooth muscle in cerebral arterioles is augmented in early hypertension, prior to the development of vascular hypertrophy, and contraction may be affected by structural alterations that develop during prolonged hypertension, 2) that effects of chronic hypertension on smooth muscle contraction may be different with respect to vessel size and brain region, and 3) that effects of aging on structure and function of blood vessels in the brain may be similar, in some respects, to effects of chronic hypertension. In addition to these interests, our laboratory has recently undertaken a new direction with the aim of extending studies of vascular mechanics and structure to the cellular level. Initial efforts have focused on the use of confocal microscopy and computer-assisted image analysis to examine effects of mechanical deformation on focal and near contacts (focal adhesion sites) in vascular smooth muscle in tissue culture. Focal contacts provide anchorage sites essential for the maintenance of tension within the cell, and are involved in regulation of cell morphology, proliferation, migration, differentiation and responsiveness. It is anticipated that these studies will lead to greater understanding of the fundamental mechanisms that are involved in structural changes in the vessel wall as related to increases in mechanical stress that accompany chronic hypertension and aging.

Publications

Dayal, S., Baumbach, G. L., Arning, E., Bottiglieri, T., Faraci, F. M. & Lentz, S. R. (2017). Deficiency of superoxide dismutase promotes cerebral vascular hypertrophy and vascular dysfunction in hyperhomocysteinemia. PloS one, 12(4), e0175732. PMID: 28414812.

Nagahama, Y., Joshi, C., Dlouhy, B., Wu, A. Y., Abel, T. J., Baumbach, G. & Kawasaki, H. (2016). Functional hemispherotomy in Rasmussen syndrome in the absence of classic MRI findings. Epilepsy & behavior case reports, 7, 24-27. PMID: 28239546.

Baumbach, G. L., Rodionov, R. N., Dayoub, H., Lynch, C. M., Wilson, K. M., Stevens, J. W., Murry, D. J., Kimoto, M., Arning, E., Bottiglieri, T., Cooke, J. P., Baumbach, G. L., Faraci, F. M. & Lentz, S. R. (2010). Overexpression of dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase protects against cerebral vascular effects of hyperhomocysteinemia. Circulation research, 106(3), 551-8. PMID: 20019334.

Baumbach, G. L. (2009). NOX2 deficiency prevents angiotensin II-induced hypertrophy and inward remodeling in cerebral arterioles. (23), pp. 613.11. Faseb J.

Grigoryan, M., Geisler, S. D., St Louis, E. K., Baumbach, G. L. & Davis, P. H. (2009). Cerebral arteriolar thromboembolism in idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome. Archives of neurology, 66(4), 528-31. PMID: 19364940.

Halabi, C. M., Beyer, A. M., de Lange, W. J., Keen, H. L., Baumbach, G. L., Faraci, F. M. & Sigmund, C. D. (2008). Interference with PPAR gamma function in smooth muscle causes vascular dysfunction and hypertension. (Vols. 7). (3), pp. 215-26. Cell metabolism. PMID: 18316027.

Baumbach, G. L. (2008). Mechanisms of vascular remodeling.

Baumbach, G. L. (2008). Role of epidermal growth factor receptor on angiotensin II-induced hypertrophy and remodeling in cerebral arterioles. (11), pp. 1151.11. Faseb J.

Baumbach, G. L. (2008). Interference with PPAR? signaling causes cerebral vascular hypertrophy and remodeling. (39), pp. 567. Stroke.

Baumbach, G. L. (2008). Mechanisms of vascular remodeling.

Wakisaka, Y., Miller, J. D., Chu, Y., Baumbach, G. L., Wilson, S., Faraci, F. M., Sigmund, C. D. & Heistad, D. D. (2008). Oxidative stress through activation of NAD(P)H oxidase in hypertensive mice with spontaneous intracranial hemorrhage. Journal of cerebral blood flow and metabolism: Official Journal of the International Society of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism, 28(6), 1175-85. PMID: 18301433.

Baumbach, G. L., Beyer, A. M., Baumbach, G. L., Halabi, C. M., Modrick, M. L., Lynch, C. M., Gerhold, T. D., Ghoneim, S. M., de Lange, W. J., Keen, H. L., Tsai, Y. S., Maeda, N., Sigmund, C. D. & Faraci, F. M. (2008). Interference with PPARgamma signaling causes cerebral vascular dysfunction, hypertrophy, and remodeling. Hypertension, 51(4), 867-71. PMID: 18285614.

Baumbach, G. L. (2007). Deficiency of NOX-2 prevents cerebral vascular hypertrophy induced by hypertension but not nitric oxide inhibition. (21), pp. 960.14. Faseb J.

Baumbach, G. L., Didion, S. P. & Faraci, F. M. (2006). Hypertrophy of cerebral arterioles in mice deficient in expression of the gene for CuZn superoxide dismutase. Stroke; A Journal of Cerebral Circulation, 37(7), 1850-5. PMID: 16763183.

Didion, S. P., Lynch, C. M., Baumbach, G. L. & Faraci, F. M. (2005). Impaired endothelium-dependent responses and enhanced influence of Rho-kinase in cerebral arterioles in type II diabetes. Stroke; A Journal of Cerebral Circulation, 36(2), 342-7. PMID: 15637328.

Iida, S., Baumbach, G. L., Lavoie, J. L., Faraci, F. M., Sigmund, C. D. & Heistad, D. D. (2005). Spontaneous stroke in a genetic model of hypertension in mice. Stroke; A Journal of Cerebral Circulation, 36(6), 1253-8. PMID: 15914769.

Baumbach, G. L., Sigmund, C. D. & Faraci, F. M. (2004). Structure of cerebral arterioles in mice deficient in expression of the gene for endothelial nitric oxide synthase. Circulation research, 95(8), 822-9. PMID: 15388643.

Baumbach, G. L. (2004). Effects of chronic nitric oxide synthase inhibition on cerebral arterioles in Wistar-Kyoto rats. Hypertension, 22, 1-6.

Baumbach, G. L. (2004). Deficiency of the NADPH subunit, gp91phox, prevents cerebral vascular hypertrophy. (18), pp. A274-A275. Faseb J.

Baumbach, G. L. (2004). An experimental model of spontaneously hypertensive mouse. (35), pp. 329. Stroke.

Chillon, J. M., Baumbach, G. L. (2004). Effects of indapamide, a thiazide-like diuretic, on structure of cerebral arterioles in hypertensive rats. Hypertension, 43(5), 1092-7. PMID: 15007039.

Baumbach, G. L., Sigmund, C. D. & Faraci, F. M. (2003). Cerebral arteriolar structure in mice overexpressing human renin and angiotensinogen. Hypertension, 41(1), 50-5. PMID: 12511529.

Baumbach, G. L. (2003). Deficiency of copper-zinc superoxide dismutase promotes cerebral vascular hypertrophy. (17), pp. A63. Faseb J.

Baumbach, G. L. (2002). Superoxide contributes to vascular dysfunction in mice that express human renin and angiotensinogen. Am J Physiol, 283, H1589-H1576.

Baumbach, G. L. (2002). Autoregulation: Arterial and Intracranial pressure.

Baumbach, G. L. (2002). Deficiency of endothelial NO synthase promotes cerebra1l vascular hypertrophy. (16), pp. A1113. Faseb J.

Baumbach, G. L. (2002). Hyperhomocysteinemia promotes hypertrophy in cerebral arterioles. (Vols. 106). (Suppl II), pp. 216. Circulation.

Baumbach, G. L., Sigmund, C. D., Bottiglieri, T. & Lentz, S. R. (2002). Structure of cerebral arterioles in cystathionine beta-synthase-deficient mice. Circulation research, 91(10), 931-7. PMID: 12433838.

Greenlee, J. D., Ghodsi, A., Baumbach, G. L. & VanGilder, J. C. (2002). Synovial chondromatosis of the cervical spine. Case illustration. Journal of neurosurgery, 97(1 Suppl), 150. PMID: 12120642.

Chillon, J. M., Baumbach, G. L. (2001). Effects of an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor and a beta-blocker on cerebral arteriolar dilatation in hypertensive rats. Hypertension, 37(6), 1388-93. PMID: 11408382.

Baumbach, G. L. (2000). Effects of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors on cerebral vascular structure in chronic hypertension. J Hyperten, 18 Supp., S7-S11.

Baumbach, G. L. (2000). Methods for examining cerebrovascular disease in experimental models of hypertension.

Chillon, J. M., Baumbach, G. L. (1999). Effects of an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor and a beta-blocker on cerebral arterioles in rats. Hypertension, 33(3), 856-61. PMID: 10082499.

Garell, P. C., Menezes, A. H., Baumbach, G. L., Moore, S. A., Nelson, G., Mathews, K. & Afifi, A. K. (1998). Presentation, management and follow-up of Schilder's disease. Pediatric neurosurgery, 29(2), 86-91. PMID: 9792962.

Baumbach, G. L. (1997). Effects of treatment with an angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor and a ß-blocker on hypertrophy and remodeling of cerebral arterioles. (Vols. 15). (Suppl 4), pp. S89. J Hypertension.

Chillon, J. M., Ghoneim, S. & Baumbach, G. L. (1997). Effects of chronic nitric oxide synthase inhibition on cerebral arterioles in rats. Hypertension, 30(5), 1097-104. PMID: 9369262.

Baumbach, G. L. (1997). Mechanisms involved in the genesis of cerebral vascular damage in hypertension. In L. Hansson , W. H. Birkenhäger (Eds.) HANDBOOD OF HYPERTENSION: ASSESSMENT OF ORGAN DAMAGE. pp. 249-268. Elsevier Science.

Baumbach, G. L. (1997). Effects of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor on remodeling of cerebral arterioles. (11), pp. A217. Faseb J.

Baumbach, G. L. (1997). Autoregulation of cerebral blood flow. In K. M. Welch , L. R. Caplan , D. J. Reis , B. K. Siesjö , B. Weir (Eds.) Primer on Cerebrovascular Diseases. pp. 51-54. San Diego, Academic Press.

Baumbach, G. L. (1997). Constrictive remodeling: do concepts of remodeling during chronic hypertension apply to restenosis?. In A. Lafont , E. J. Topol (Eds.) Arterial Remodeling: A Critical Factor in Restenosis. pp. 21-30. Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Baumbach, G. L. (1996). Effects of increased pulse pressure on endothelium-dependent relaxation. (10), pp. A9. Faseb J.

Baumbach, G. L. (1996). Endothelium-derived factors and hypertrophy of cerebral arterioles. (Vols. 33). (Supp 2), pp. 32. J Vasc Res.

Mulvany, M. J., Baumbach, G. L., Aalkjaer, C., Heagerty, A. M., Korsgaard, N., Schiffrin, E. L. & Heistad, D. D. (1996). Vascular remodeling. (Vols. 28). (3), pp. 505-6. Hypertension. PMID: 8794840.

Baumbach, G. L. (1996). Effects of increased pulse pressure on cerebral arterioles. Hypertension, 27(2), 159-67. PMID: 8567036.

Chillon, J. M., Heistad, D. D. & Baumbach, G. L. (1996). Effects of endothelin receptor inhibition on cerebral arterioles in hypertensive rats. Hypertension, 27(3 Pt 2), 794-8. PMID: 8613242.

Baumbach, G. L. (1995). Functional and structural alterations of cerebral arterioles in chronic hypertension induced by nitric oxide synthesis inhibition. (Vols. 114). (Supp), pp. 127P. British J Pharmacol.

Baumbach, G. L. (1995). Remodeling of cerebral arterioles in Dahl-S hypertensive rats. (9), pp. A52. Faseb J.

Baumbach, G. L. (1995). Effects of nitric oxide inhibition on mechanics of cerebral arterioles in rats. (9), pp. A560. Faseb J.

Baumbach, G. L. (1995). Effects of stretching on focal adhesion sites in vascular smooth muscle. (9), pp. A606. Faseb J.

Heistad, D. D., Baumbach, G. L., Faraci, F. M. & Armstrong, M. L. (1995). Sick vessel syndrome: vascular changes in hypertension and atherosclerosis. Journal of human hypertension, 9(6), 449-53. PMID: 7473526.

Baumbach, G. L. (1995). Effects of increased pulse pressure on cerebral arterioles during aging. (9), pp. A25. Faseb J.

Heistad, D. D., Armstrong, M. L., Baumbach, G. L. & Faraci, F. M. (1995). Sick vessel syndrome. Recovery of atherosclerotic and hypertensive vessels. Hypertension, 26(3), 509-13. PMID: 7649590.

Baumbach, G. L. (1995). Effect of endothelin receptor inhibition on structure of cerebral arterioles in stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats. (26), pp. 524. Hypertension.

Baumbach, G. L. (1994). Volume-overload cardiac hypertrophy facilitates proportional coronary arteriolar growth. (8), pp. A72. Faseb J.

Baumbach, G. L. (1994). Effects of angiotensin inhibition on hypertrophy and remodeling of cerebral arterioles. (8), pp. A30. Faseb J.

Chen, Y., Torry, R. J., Baumbach, G. L. & Tomanek, R. J. (1994). Proportional arteriolar growth accompanies cardiac hypertrophy induced by volume overload. The American Journal of Physiology, 267(6 Pt 2), H2132-7. PMID: 7528989.

Baumbach, G. L. (1994). Changes in the cerebral circulation in chronic hypertension.

Baumbach, G. L., Faraci, F. M. & Heistad, D. D. (1994). Effects of local reduction in pressure on endothelium-dependent responses of cerebral arterioles. Stroke; A Journal of Cerebral Circulation, 25(7), 1456-61; discussion 1461-2. PMID: 8023363.

Hajdu, M. A., Baumbach, G. L. (1994). Mechanics of large and small cerebral arteries in chronic hypertension. The American Journal of Physiology, 266(3 Pt 2), H1027-33. PMID: 8160806.

Baumbach, G. L. (1993). Effects of increased pulse pressure on cerebral arterioles. (7), pp. A750. Faseb J.

Baumbach, G. L. (1993). Effects of hypertension on cerebral vessels. Hypertension Research, 16, 225-231.

Baumbach, G. L., Ghoneim, S. (1993). Vascular remodeling in hypertension. (Vols. 7). (1), pp. 137-42; discussion 143. Scanning microscopy. PMID: 8316787.

Baumbach, G. L., Hajdu, M. A. (1993). Mechanics and composition of cerebral arterioles in renal and spontaneously hypertensive rats. Hypertension, 21(6 Pt 1), 816-26. PMID: 8500863.

Hajdu, M. A., McElmurry, R. T., Heistad, D. D. & Baumbach, G. L. (1993). Effects of aging on cerebral vascular responses to serotonin in rats. The American Journal of Physiology, 264(6 Pt 2), H2136-40. PMID: 8322944.

Baumbach, G. L. (1992). Cerebral vascular changes during chronic hypertension: good guys and bad guys. J Hypertension, 10 (Suppl), S71-S75.

Baumbach, G. L. (1992). Effects of aging on cerebral vascular responses to serotonin and angiotensin.

Baumbach, G. L. (1992). Increases in arterial pulse pressure produce hypertrophy of cerebral arterioles. (6), pp. A2017. Faseb J.

Fujii, K., Weno, B. L., Baumbach, G. L. & Heistad, D. D. (1992). Effect of antihypertensive treatment on focal cerebral infarction. Hypertension, 19(6 Pt 2), 713-6. PMID: 1534316.

Baumbach, G. L. (1992). Increases in arterial pulse pressure: a determinant of cerebral vascular hypertrophy. (20), pp. 429. Hypertension.

Baumbach, G. L. (1991). Cerebral arterioles in renal hypertension: Implications for stroke. (22), pp. 136. Stroke.

Baumbach, G. L. (1991). Arterial pressure and endothelial-dependent cerebral vasodilatation. (18), pp. 390-391. Hypertension.

Baumbach, G. L. (1991). Effect of arterial pressure on endothelial-dependent responses of cerebral arterioles. (5), pp. A659. Faseb J.

Baumbach, G. L., Siems, J. E. & Heistad, D. D. (1991). Effects of local reduction in pressure on distensibility and composition of cerebral arterioles. Circulation research, 68(2), 338-51. PMID: 1991342.

Hajdu, M. A., Heistad, D. D., Ghoneim, S. & Baumbach, G. L. (1991). Effects of antihypertensive treatment on composition of cerebral arterioles. (Vols. 18). (4 Suppl), pp. II15-21. Hypertension. PMID: 1833321.

Hajdu, M. A., Heistad, D. D. & Baumbach, G. L. (1991). Effects of antihypertensive therapy on mechanics of cerebral arterioles in rats. Hypertension, 17(3), 308-16. PMID: 1825647.

Baumbach, G. L. (1991). Is pulse pressure a stimulus for altered vascular structure in chronic hypertension?. Hypertension, 18(6), 728-9. PMID: 1743753.

Baumbach, G. L., Heistad, D. D. (1991). Adaptive changes in cerebral blood vessels during chronic hypertension. Journal of Hypertension, 9(11), 987-91. PMID: 1661770.

Heistad, D. D., Lopez, J. A. & Baumbach, G. L. (1991). Hemodynamic determinants of vascular changes in hypertension and atherosclerosis. Hypertension, 17(4 Suppl), III7-11. PMID: 2013497.

Baumbach, G. L. (1991). Effect of antihypertensive treatment on focal cerebral infarction. (18), pp. 421. Hypertension.

Baumbach, G. L. (1991). Mechanical properties of large and small cerebral arterioles in chronic hypertension. (5), pp. A662. Faseb J.

Baumbach, G. L. (1990). Pulse pressure: a risk factor for cerebral vascular hypertrophy in hypertension. (16), pp. 335. Hypertension.

Baumbach, G. L. (1990). Effects of aging on cerebral arterioles. (21), pp. 159. Stroke.

Baumbach, G. L. (1990). Mechanics and composition of cerebral arterioles in renal hypertension. (4), pp. A553. Faseb J.

Baumbach, G. L. (1990). Effects of treatment of hypertension on cerebral arterioles.

Baumbach, G. L. (1990). Effects of antihypertensive treatment on hypertrophy and remodeling of cerebral arterioles. (4), pp. A553. Faseb J.

Loftus, C. M., Greene, G. M., Detwiler, K. N., Baumbach, G. L. & Heistad, D. D. (1990). Studies of collateral perfusion to canine middle cerebral artery territory. The American journal of Physiology, 259(2 Pt 2), H560-6. PMID: 2386228.

Heistad, D. D., Mayhan, W. G., Coyle, P. & Baumbach, G. L. (1990). Impaired dilatation of cerebral arterioles in chronic hypertension. Blood vessels, 27(5-Feb), 258-62. PMID: 2242446.

Faraci, F. M., Baumbach, G. L. & Heistad, D. D. (1990). Cerebral circulation: humoral regulation and effects of chronic hypertension. Journal of the American Society of Nephrology : JASN, 1(1), 53-7. PMID: 2104251.

Hajdu, M. A., Heistad, D. D., Siems, J. E. & Baumbach, G. L. (1990). Effects of aging on mechanics and composition of cerebral arterioles in rats. Circulation research, 66(6), 1747-54. PMID: 2344672.

Norbeck, T. B. (1990). Rising health care costs: telling the truth!. (Vols. 54). (3), pp. 142-6. Connecticut medicine. PMID: 2108840.

Baumbach, G. L. (1989). Effects of aging on endothelium dependent responses of cerebral arterioles. (3), pp. A683. Faseb J.

Baumbach, G. L. (1989). Effect of arterial pressure on cerebral arterioles. (3), pp. A549. Faseb J.

Baumbach, G. L. (1989). Mechanics of cerebral arterioles in renal hypertension. (14), pp. 352. Hypertension.

Baumbach, G. L. (1989). Effects of aging on mechanics of cerebral arterioles. (3), pp. A846. Faseb J.

Baumbach, G. L. (1989). Digestion techniques for exposure of smooth muscle cells in cerebral arterioles. (47), pp. 942-943. EMSA.

Baumbach, G. L. (1989). Effect of sympathetic nerves on composition and distensibility of cerebral arterioles in rats. J Physiol (London),(416), 123-140.

Baumbach, G. L., Siems, J. E., Faraci, F. M. & Heistad, D. D. (1989). Mechanics and composition of arterioles in brain stem and cerebrum. The American Journal of Physiology, 256(2 Pt 2), H493-501. PMID: 2916682.

Baumbach, G. L., Heistad, D. D. (1989). Remodeling of cerebral arterioles in chronic hypertension. (Vols. 13). (6 Pt 2), pp. 968-72. Hypertension. PMID: 2737731.

Baumbach, G. L. (1989). Remodeling of cerebral arterioles in chronic hypertension. (20), pp. 133. Stroke.

Williams, J. K., Baumbach, G. L., Armstrong, M. L. & Heistad, D. D. (1989). Hypothesis: vasoconstriction contributes to amaurosis fugax. Journal of cerebral blood flow and metabolism : official journal of the International Society of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism, 9(1), 111-6. PMID: 2910892.

Faraci, F. M., Choi, J., Baumbach, G. L., Mayhan, W. G. & Heistad, D. D. (1989). Microcirculation of the area postrema: Permeability and vascular responses. Circulation research, 65(2), 417-25. PMID: 2752549.

Baumbach, G. L. (1989). Myogenic mechanisms in the cerebral circulation. J Hypertens,(7 Supp), S61-S64.

Baumbach, G. L. (1989). Trophic role of sympathetic nerves during hypertension. In J. Seylaz , R. Sercombe (Eds.) Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Neurotransmission and Cerebrovascular Function. pp. 279-291. Excerpta Medica.

Baumbach, G. L. (1988). Mechanics of cerebral arterioles in chronic hypertension. In Proceeding of the Second International Symposium on Resistance Arteries. pp. 355-361. Halpern, W., Pegram, B. L., Brayden, J., MacKay, K., McLaughlin, M. and Osol, G..

Baumbach, G. L. (1988). Effect of sympathetic nerves on composition of cerebral arterioles in chronic hypertension. (2), pp. A1521. Faseb J.

Baumbach, G. L. (1988). Cerebral microcirculation. News in Physiological Sciences,(3), 164-167.

Baumbach, G. L. (1988). Mechanics and composition of cerebral arterioles in chronic hypertension. (25), pp. 29. Blood Vessels.

Baumbach, G. L. (1988). Effect of arterial pressure on cerebral vascular mechanics. (19), pp. 129. Stroke.

Baumbach, G. L. (1988). Neurohumoral regulation of cerebral microvascular pressure. In W. Halpern , B. L. Pegram , J. Brayden , K. MacKay , M. McLaughlin , G. Osol (Eds.) Proceedings of the Second International Sumposium on Resistance Arteries. pp. 412-416. Perintalogy Press.

Baumbach, G. L., Heistad, D. D. (1988). Cerebral circulation in chronic arterial hypertension. Hypertension, 12(2), 89-95. PMID: 3044994.

Baumbach, G. L. (1988). Remodeling of cerebral arterioles during chronic hypertension. (12), pp. 363. Hypertension.

Baumbach, G. L., Walmsley, J. G. & Hart, M. N. (1988). Composition and mechanics of cerebral arterioles in hypertensive rats. The American Journal of Pathology, 133(3), 464-71. PMID: 3202116.

Baumbach, G. L., Dobrin, P. B., Hart, M. N. & Heistad, D. D. (1988). Mechanics of cerebral arterioles in hypertensive rats. (Vols. 62). (1), pp. 56-64. Circulation research. PMID: 3335057.

Baumbach, G. L. (1988). Microcirculation of area postrema: permeability and vascular responses. (12), pp. 357. Hypertension.

Baumbach, G. L. (1987). Sympathetic nerves increase cerebral vascular hypertrophy and distensibility. (Vols. 76). (Supp IV), pp. IV-36. Circulation.

Baumbach, G. L. (1987). Mechanics and morphometrics of cerebral blood vessels in chronic hypertension. (Vols. 7). (Supp 1), pp. S602. J Cereb Blood Flow Metab.

Baumbach, G. L. (1987). Mechanical characteristics of arterioles in cerebrum and brain stem. (46), pp. 1521. Fed Proc.

Baumbach, G. L. (1987). Vasodilation and disruption of the blood-brain barrier during acute hypertension. (14), pp. 344. Can J Neurol Sci.

Baumbach, G. L. (1987). Effect of chronic hypertension on structure of cerebral arterioles. (46), pp. 1070. Fed Proc.

Baumbach, G. L. (1987). Serotonin decreases blood flow to retina in atherosclerotic monkeys: a possible cause of amaurosis fugax. (18), pp. 295. Stroke.

Baumbach, G. L. (1987). Effects of vasodilation on disruption of the blood-brain barrier during acute hypertension. (Vols. 7). (Supp 1), pp. S510. J Cereb Blood Flow Metab.

Baumbach, G. L. (1987). Mechanics of cerebral and brain stem arterioles. (18), pp. 278. Stroke.

Baumbach, G. L. (1986). Cerebral vascular mechanics in early and established hypertension. (45), pp. 289. Fed Proc.

Baumbach, G. L. (1986). Hypertension and cerebral vascular mechanics. (17), pp. 136. Stroke.

Baumbach, G. L. (1986). Morphometric analysis of cerebral arterioles in chronic hypertension. (45), pp. 374. J Neuropathol Exp Neurol.

Baumbach, G. L., Skøtt, O. (1986). Renin release from different parts of rat afferent arterioles in vitro. (Vols. 251). (1 Pt 2), pp. F12-6. The American Journal of Physiology. PMID: 3524263.

Baumbach, G. L., Mayhan, W. G. & Heistad, D. D. (1986). Protection of the blood-brain barrier by hypercapnia during acute hypertension. The American Journal of Physiology, 251(2 Pt 2), H282-7. PMID: 3740284.

Baumbach, G. L. (1986). Protective effects of sympathetic nerves during hypertension.

Baumbach, G. L., Heistad, D. D. (1985). Regional, segmental, and temporal heterogeneity of cerebral vascular autoregulation. Annals of biomedical engineering, 13(4-Mar), 303-10. PMID: 3898928.

Baumbach, G. L. (1985). Mechanical properties of cerebral vessels in early chronic hypertension. (29), pp. 206. Microvasc Res.

Werber, A. H., Baumbach, G. L., Wagner, D. V., Mark, A. L. & Heistad, D. D. (1985). Factors that influence stroke in Dahl salt-sensitive rats. Hypertension, 7(1), 59-64. PMID: 3980059.

Baumbach, G. L., Heistad, D. D. (1985). Heterogeneity of brain blood flow and permeability during acute hypertension. The American Journal of Physiology, 249(3 Pt 2), H629-37. PMID: 3929626.

Baumbach, G. L. (1985). Factors that influence stroke in Dahl salt-sensitive rats. Hypertension, 7, 59-64.

Panther, L. A., Baumbach, G. L., Bigner, D. D., Piegors, D., Groothuis, D. R. & Heistad, D. D. (1985). Vasoactive drugs produce selective changes in flow to experimental brain tumors. Annals of neurology, 18(6), 712-5. PMID: 3002239.

Baumbach, G. L. (1985). Cerebral vascular mechanics in hypertension. (Vols. 72). (1017) Circulation.

Baumbach, G. L. (1985). Evidence that cerebral vascular hypertrophy protects the blood-brain barrier in chronic hypertension. (Vols. 44). (1589) Fed Proc.

Baumbach, G. L. (1984). Hypercapnia does not increase susceptibility of the blood-brain barrier to disruption. (Vols. 43). pp. 351. J Neuropathol Exp Neurol.

Baumbach, G. L. (1984). Role of autonomic innervation in modification of cerebral vascular responses. E. MacKenzie , J. Seylaz , A. Bes (Eds.) pp. 53-64. Neurotransmitters and the Cerebral Circulation.

Baumbach, G. L. (1984). Responsiveness of experimental brain tumors to vasoactive stimuli. (32), pp. 541A. Clin Res.

Baumbach, G. L. (1984). Regulation of blood flow in experimental brain tumors. (15), pp. 193. Stroke.

Baumbach, G. L. (1984). Cerebral vascular responses to hypertension during hypercapnia. (43), pp. 512. Fed Proc.

Tamaki, K., Sadoshima, S., Baumbach, G. L., Iadecola, C., Reis, D. J. & Heistad, D. D. (1984). Evidence that disruption of the blood-brain barrier precedes reduction in cerebral blood flow in hypertensive encephalopathy. Hypertension, 6(2 Pt 2), I75-81. PMID: 6724673.

Baumbach, G. L. (1984). Changes in the cerebral circulation in chronic hypertension.

Baumbach, G. L. (1984). Evidence that disruption of the blood-brain barrier precedes reduction in cerebral blood flow in hypertensive encephalopathy. Hypertension, 6, I-75-I-81.

Baumbach, G. L. (1983). Factors influencing stroke in dahl salt sensitive rats. (Vols. 68). (III), pp. 383. Circulation.

Baumbach, G. L. (1983). Autoregulation of regional cerebral blood flow during increases in aortic pressure. (Vols. 42). pp. 307. Fed Proc.

Baumbach, G. L. (1983). Regional cerebral blood flow in hypertensive encephalopathy and experimental stroke. (Vols. 1 Supp). pp. S429. J Cereb Blood Flow Metab.

Baumbach, G. L. (1983). Resistance of large and small cerebral vessels during sympathetic stimulation. (Vols. 1 Supp). pp. S164-S165. J Cereb Blood Flow Metab.

Baumbach, G. L., Heistad, D. D. (1983). Effects of sympathetic stimulation and changes in arterial pressure on segmental resistance of cerebral vessels in rabbits and cats. Circulation research, 52(5), 527-33. PMID: 6851007.

Baumbach, G. L. (1983). Regional differences in disruption of the blood-brain barrier during acute hypertension. (Vols. 42). pp. 338. J Neuropathol Exp Neurol.

Baumbach, G. L. (1982). Cerebral microvascular pressure during sympathetic stimulation. (Vols. 41). pp. 1610. Fed Proc.

Baumbach, G. L. (1982). Effect of sympathetic nerves on segmental resistance of cerebral vessels. (Vols. 13). pp. 114. Stroke.

Baumbach, G. L. (1980). Ocular toxicity of methanol: An experimental study. In Neurotoxicity of the Visual System. pp. 35-53. New York Raven Press.

Baumbach, G. L., Cancilla, P. A., Hayreh, M. S. & Hayreh, S. S. (1978). Experimental injury of the optic nerve with optic disc swelling. Laboratory investigation; a journal of technical methods and pathology, 39(1), 50-60. PMID: 98667.

Baumbach, G. L., Cancilla, P. A., Martin-Amat, G., Tephly, T. R., McMartin, K. E., Makar, A. B., Hayreh, M. S. & Hayreh, S. S. (1977). Methyl alcohol poisoning IV - Alterations of the morphological findings of the retina and optic nerve. Archives of Ophthalmology, 95(10), 1859-65. PMID: 71893.

Hayreh, M. S., Hayreh, S. S., Baumbach, G. L., Cancilla, P., Martin-Amat, G., Tephly, T. R., McMartin, K. E. & Makar, A. B. (1977). Methyl alcohol poisoning III - Ocular toxicity. Archives of Ophthalmology, 95(10), 1851-8. PMID: 410394.

Martin-Amat, G., Tephly, T. R., McMartin, K. E., Makar, A. B., Hayreh, M. S., Hayreh, S. S., Baumbach, G. L. & Cancilla, P. (1977). Methyl alcohol poisoning II - Development of a model for ocular toxicity in methyl alcohol poisoning using the rhesus monkey. Archives of Ophthalmology, 95(10), 1847-50. PMID: 20870.

Baumbach, G. L. (1976). An investigation of experimental optic nerve injury with an ultrastructural protein tracer. (Vols. 35). pp. 332. J Neuropathol Exp Neurol.